Abstract

Simultaneous exhaled carbonyl sulfide (OCS) and carbon dioxide concentration measurements in human breath are demonstrated with a compact pulsed quantum-cascade laser-based gas sensor. We achieved a noise-equivalent sensitivity (1σ) of 1.2 parts per billion by measuring a well-isolated OCS P(11) absorption line in the ν3 band at 2057.6 cm-1 using an astigmatic Herriott cell of 36-m optical path length and 0.4-s acquisition time.

© 2004 Optical Society of America

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  1. M. Von Hobe, G. A. Cutter, A. J. Kettle, M. O. Andreae, “Dark production: a significant source of oceanic OCS,” J. Geophys. Res. 106C, 31217–31226 (2001).
    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef]
  4. S. M. Studer, J. B. Orens, I. Rosas, J. A. Krishnan, K. A. Cope, S. Yang, J. V. Conte, P. B. Becker, T. H. Risby, “Patterns and significance of exhaled-breath biomarkers in lung transplant recipients with acute allograft rejection,” J. Heart Lung Transplant 20, 1158–1166 (2001).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
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    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
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    [CrossRef]
  13. D. D. Nelson, J. H. Shorter, J. B. McManus, M. S. Zahniser, “Sub-part-per-billion detection of nitric oxide in air using a thermoelectrically cooled mid-infrared quantum cascade laser spectrometer,” Appl. Phys. B 75, 343–350 (2002).
    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef]
  18. J. Faist, C. Gmachl, F. Capasso, C. Sirtori, D. L. Sivco, J. N. Baillargeon, A. Y. Cho, “Distributed feedback quantum cascade lasers,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 70, 2670–2672 (1997).
    [CrossRef]
  19. A. A. Kosterev, R. F. Curl, F. K. Tittel, R. Köhler, C. Gmachl, F. Capasso, D. L. Sivco, A. Y. Cho, “Transportable automated ammonia sensor based on a pulsed thermoelectrically cooled quantum-cascade distributed feedback laser,” Appl. Opt. 41, 573–578 (2002).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  20. A. A. Kosterev, A. L. Malinovsky, F. K. Tittel, C. Gmachl, F. Capasso, D. L. Sivco, J. N. Baillargeon, A. L. Hutchinson, A. Y. Cho, “Cavity ringdown spectroscopic detection of nitric oxide with a continuous-wave quantum-cascade laser,” Appl. Opt. 40, 5522–5529 (2001).
    [CrossRef]
  21. K. A. Cope, M. T. Watson, M. Foster, S. S. Sehnert, T. H. Risby, “Effects of ventilation on the collection of exhaled breath in humans,” J. Appl. Physiol. 96, 1371–1379 (2004).
    [CrossRef]

2004 (2)

K. A. Cope, M. T. Watson, M. Foster, S. S. Sehnert, T. H. Risby, “Effects of ventilation on the collection of exhaled breath in humans,” J. Appl. Physiol. 96, 1371–1379 (2004).
[CrossRef]

D. Weidmann, A. A. Kosterev, C. Roller, R. F. Curl, M. P. Fraser, F. K. Tittel, “Monitoring of ethylene by a pulsed quantum cascade laser,” Appl. Opt. 43, 3329–3334 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

2003 (2)

C. Roller, A. A. Kosterev, F. K. Tittel, K. Uehara, C. Gmachl, D. L. Sivco, “Carbonyl sulfide detection with a thermoelectrically cooled mid-infrared quantum cascade laser,” Opt. Lett. 28, 2052–2054 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

L. S. Rothman, A. Barbe, D. C. Benner, L. R. Brown, C. Camy-Peyret, M. R. Carleer, K. Chance, C. Clerbaux, V. Dana, V. M. Devi, A. Fayt, J.-M. Flaud, R. R. Gamache, A. Goldman, D. Jacquemart, K. W. Jucks, W. J. Lafferty, J.-Y. Mandin, S. T. Massie, V. Nemtchinov, D. A. Newnham, A. Perrin, C. P. Rinsland, J. Schroeder, K. M. Smith, M. A. H. Smith, K. Tang, R. A. Toth, J. Vander Auwera, P. Varanasi, K. Yoshino, “The HITRAN molecular spectroscopic database: edition of 2000 including updates through 2001,” J. Quant. Spectrosc. Radiat. Transfer 82, 5–44 (2003).
[CrossRef]

2002 (7)

A. A. Kosterev, R. F. Curl, F. K. Tittel, R. Köhler, C. Gmachl, F. Capasso, D. L. Sivco, A. Y. Cho, “Transportable automated ammonia sensor based on a pulsed thermoelectrically cooled quantum-cascade distributed feedback laser,” Appl. Opt. 41, 573–578 (2002).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

C. Roller, K. Namjou, J. D. Jeffers, M. Camp, A. Mock, P. J. McCann, J. Grego, “Nitric oxide breath testing by tunable-diode laser absorption spectroscopy: application in monitoring respiratory inflammation,” Appl. Opt. 41, 6018–6029 (2002).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

A. J. Kettle, U. Kuhn, M. von Hobe, J. Kesselmeier, M. O. Andreae, “Global budget of atmospheric carbonyl sulfide: temporal and spatial variations of the dominant sources and sinks,” J. Geophys. Res. 107D, 25-1–25-16 (2002).

P. D. N. Svoronos, T. J. Bruno, “Carbonyl sulfide: a review of its chemistry and properties,” Ind. Eng. Chem. Res. 41, 5321–5336 (2002).
[CrossRef]

S. S. Sehnert, L. Jiang, J. F. Burdick, T. H. Risby, “Breath biomarkers for detection of human liver diseases: preliminary study,” Biomarkers 7, 174–187 (2002).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

A. A. Kosterev, F. K. Tittel, “Chemical sensors based on quantum cascade lasers,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 38, 582–591 (2002).
[CrossRef]

D. D. Nelson, J. H. Shorter, J. B. McManus, M. S. Zahniser, “Sub-part-per-billion detection of nitric oxide in air using a thermoelectrically cooled mid-infrared quantum cascade laser spectrometer,” Appl. Phys. B 75, 343–350 (2002).
[CrossRef]

2001 (3)

M. Von Hobe, G. A. Cutter, A. J. Kettle, M. O. Andreae, “Dark production: a significant source of oceanic OCS,” J. Geophys. Res. 106C, 31217–31226 (2001).
[CrossRef]

S. M. Studer, J. B. Orens, I. Rosas, J. A. Krishnan, K. A. Cope, S. Yang, J. V. Conte, P. B. Becker, T. H. Risby, “Patterns and significance of exhaled-breath biomarkers in lung transplant recipients with acute allograft rejection,” J. Heart Lung Transplant 20, 1158–1166 (2001).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

A. A. Kosterev, A. L. Malinovsky, F. K. Tittel, C. Gmachl, F. Capasso, D. L. Sivco, J. N. Baillargeon, A. L. Hutchinson, A. Y. Cho, “Cavity ringdown spectroscopic detection of nitric oxide with a continuous-wave quantum-cascade laser,” Appl. Opt. 40, 5522–5529 (2001).
[CrossRef]

1999 (1)

Y. Inomata, K. Matsunaga, Y. Murai, K. Osada, Y. Iwasaka, “Simultaneous measurement of volatile sulfur compounds using ascorbic acid for oxidant removal and gas chromatography—flame photometric detection,” J. Chromatog. A 864, 111–119 (1999).
[CrossRef]

1998 (2)

1997 (1)

J. Faist, C. Gmachl, F. Capasso, C. Sirtori, D. L. Sivco, J. N. Baillargeon, A. Y. Cho, “Distributed feedback quantum cascade lasers,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 70, 2670–2672 (1997).
[CrossRef]

1991 (1)

1984 (1)

P. A. Steudler, W. Kijowski, “Determination of reduced sulfur gases in air by solid absorbent preconcentration and gas chromatography,” Anal. Chem. 56, 1432–1436 (1984).
[CrossRef]

1979 (1)

H. C. Niu, D. A. Schoeller, P. D. Klein, “Improved gas chromatographic quantitation of breath hydrogen by normalization to respiratory carbon dioxide,” J. Lab. Clin. Med. 94, 755–763 (1979).
[PubMed]

Andreae, M. O.

A. J. Kettle, U. Kuhn, M. von Hobe, J. Kesselmeier, M. O. Andreae, “Global budget of atmospheric carbonyl sulfide: temporal and spatial variations of the dominant sources and sinks,” J. Geophys. Res. 107D, 25-1–25-16 (2002).

M. Von Hobe, G. A. Cutter, A. J. Kettle, M. O. Andreae, “Dark production: a significant source of oceanic OCS,” J. Geophys. Res. 106C, 31217–31226 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Baillargeon, J. N.

Barbe, A.

L. S. Rothman, A. Barbe, D. C. Benner, L. R. Brown, C. Camy-Peyret, M. R. Carleer, K. Chance, C. Clerbaux, V. Dana, V. M. Devi, A. Fayt, J.-M. Flaud, R. R. Gamache, A. Goldman, D. Jacquemart, K. W. Jucks, W. J. Lafferty, J.-Y. Mandin, S. T. Massie, V. Nemtchinov, D. A. Newnham, A. Perrin, C. P. Rinsland, J. Schroeder, K. M. Smith, M. A. H. Smith, K. Tang, R. A. Toth, J. Vander Auwera, P. Varanasi, K. Yoshino, “The HITRAN molecular spectroscopic database: edition of 2000 including updates through 2001,” J. Quant. Spectrosc. Radiat. Transfer 82, 5–44 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Becker, P. B.

S. M. Studer, J. B. Orens, I. Rosas, J. A. Krishnan, K. A. Cope, S. Yang, J. V. Conte, P. B. Becker, T. H. Risby, “Patterns and significance of exhaled-breath biomarkers in lung transplant recipients with acute allograft rejection,” J. Heart Lung Transplant 20, 1158–1166 (2001).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Benner, D. C.

L. S. Rothman, A. Barbe, D. C. Benner, L. R. Brown, C. Camy-Peyret, M. R. Carleer, K. Chance, C. Clerbaux, V. Dana, V. M. Devi, A. Fayt, J.-M. Flaud, R. R. Gamache, A. Goldman, D. Jacquemart, K. W. Jucks, W. J. Lafferty, J.-Y. Mandin, S. T. Massie, V. Nemtchinov, D. A. Newnham, A. Perrin, C. P. Rinsland, J. Schroeder, K. M. Smith, M. A. H. Smith, K. Tang, R. A. Toth, J. Vander Auwera, P. Varanasi, K. Yoshino, “The HITRAN molecular spectroscopic database: edition of 2000 including updates through 2001,” J. Quant. Spectrosc. Radiat. Transfer 82, 5–44 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Brown, L. R.

L. S. Rothman, A. Barbe, D. C. Benner, L. R. Brown, C. Camy-Peyret, M. R. Carleer, K. Chance, C. Clerbaux, V. Dana, V. M. Devi, A. Fayt, J.-M. Flaud, R. R. Gamache, A. Goldman, D. Jacquemart, K. W. Jucks, W. J. Lafferty, J.-Y. Mandin, S. T. Massie, V. Nemtchinov, D. A. Newnham, A. Perrin, C. P. Rinsland, J. Schroeder, K. M. Smith, M. A. H. Smith, K. Tang, R. A. Toth, J. Vander Auwera, P. Varanasi, K. Yoshino, “The HITRAN molecular spectroscopic database: edition of 2000 including updates through 2001,” J. Quant. Spectrosc. Radiat. Transfer 82, 5–44 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Bruno, T. J.

P. D. N. Svoronos, T. J. Bruno, “Carbonyl sulfide: a review of its chemistry and properties,” Ind. Eng. Chem. Res. 41, 5321–5336 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Burdick, J. F.

S. S. Sehnert, L. Jiang, J. F. Burdick, T. H. Risby, “Breath biomarkers for detection of human liver diseases: preliminary study,” Biomarkers 7, 174–187 (2002).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Cai, S.

Camp, M.

Camy-Peyret, C.

L. S. Rothman, A. Barbe, D. C. Benner, L. R. Brown, C. Camy-Peyret, M. R. Carleer, K. Chance, C. Clerbaux, V. Dana, V. M. Devi, A. Fayt, J.-M. Flaud, R. R. Gamache, A. Goldman, D. Jacquemart, K. W. Jucks, W. J. Lafferty, J.-Y. Mandin, S. T. Massie, V. Nemtchinov, D. A. Newnham, A. Perrin, C. P. Rinsland, J. Schroeder, K. M. Smith, M. A. H. Smith, K. Tang, R. A. Toth, J. Vander Auwera, P. Varanasi, K. Yoshino, “The HITRAN molecular spectroscopic database: edition of 2000 including updates through 2001,” J. Quant. Spectrosc. Radiat. Transfer 82, 5–44 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Capasso, F.

Carleer, M. R.

L. S. Rothman, A. Barbe, D. C. Benner, L. R. Brown, C. Camy-Peyret, M. R. Carleer, K. Chance, C. Clerbaux, V. Dana, V. M. Devi, A. Fayt, J.-M. Flaud, R. R. Gamache, A. Goldman, D. Jacquemart, K. W. Jucks, W. J. Lafferty, J.-Y. Mandin, S. T. Massie, V. Nemtchinov, D. A. Newnham, A. Perrin, C. P. Rinsland, J. Schroeder, K. M. Smith, M. A. H. Smith, K. Tang, R. A. Toth, J. Vander Auwera, P. Varanasi, K. Yoshino, “The HITRAN molecular spectroscopic database: edition of 2000 including updates through 2001,” J. Quant. Spectrosc. Radiat. Transfer 82, 5–44 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Chance, K.

L. S. Rothman, A. Barbe, D. C. Benner, L. R. Brown, C. Camy-Peyret, M. R. Carleer, K. Chance, C. Clerbaux, V. Dana, V. M. Devi, A. Fayt, J.-M. Flaud, R. R. Gamache, A. Goldman, D. Jacquemart, K. W. Jucks, W. J. Lafferty, J.-Y. Mandin, S. T. Massie, V. Nemtchinov, D. A. Newnham, A. Perrin, C. P. Rinsland, J. Schroeder, K. M. Smith, M. A. H. Smith, K. Tang, R. A. Toth, J. Vander Auwera, P. Varanasi, K. Yoshino, “The HITRAN molecular spectroscopic database: edition of 2000 including updates through 2001,” J. Quant. Spectrosc. Radiat. Transfer 82, 5–44 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Cho, A. Y.

Clerbaux, C.

L. S. Rothman, A. Barbe, D. C. Benner, L. R. Brown, C. Camy-Peyret, M. R. Carleer, K. Chance, C. Clerbaux, V. Dana, V. M. Devi, A. Fayt, J.-M. Flaud, R. R. Gamache, A. Goldman, D. Jacquemart, K. W. Jucks, W. J. Lafferty, J.-Y. Mandin, S. T. Massie, V. Nemtchinov, D. A. Newnham, A. Perrin, C. P. Rinsland, J. Schroeder, K. M. Smith, M. A. H. Smith, K. Tang, R. A. Toth, J. Vander Auwera, P. Varanasi, K. Yoshino, “The HITRAN molecular spectroscopic database: edition of 2000 including updates through 2001,” J. Quant. Spectrosc. Radiat. Transfer 82, 5–44 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Conte, J. V.

S. M. Studer, J. B. Orens, I. Rosas, J. A. Krishnan, K. A. Cope, S. Yang, J. V. Conte, P. B. Becker, T. H. Risby, “Patterns and significance of exhaled-breath biomarkers in lung transplant recipients with acute allograft rejection,” J. Heart Lung Transplant 20, 1158–1166 (2001).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Cope, K. A.

K. A. Cope, M. T. Watson, M. Foster, S. S. Sehnert, T. H. Risby, “Effects of ventilation on the collection of exhaled breath in humans,” J. Appl. Physiol. 96, 1371–1379 (2004).
[CrossRef]

S. M. Studer, J. B. Orens, I. Rosas, J. A. Krishnan, K. A. Cope, S. Yang, J. V. Conte, P. B. Becker, T. H. Risby, “Patterns and significance of exhaled-breath biomarkers in lung transplant recipients with acute allograft rejection,” J. Heart Lung Transplant 20, 1158–1166 (2001).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Curl, R. F.

Cutter, G. A.

M. Von Hobe, G. A. Cutter, A. J. Kettle, M. O. Andreae, “Dark production: a significant source of oceanic OCS,” J. Geophys. Res. 106C, 31217–31226 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Dana, V.

L. S. Rothman, A. Barbe, D. C. Benner, L. R. Brown, C. Camy-Peyret, M. R. Carleer, K. Chance, C. Clerbaux, V. Dana, V. M. Devi, A. Fayt, J.-M. Flaud, R. R. Gamache, A. Goldman, D. Jacquemart, K. W. Jucks, W. J. Lafferty, J.-Y. Mandin, S. T. Massie, V. Nemtchinov, D. A. Newnham, A. Perrin, C. P. Rinsland, J. Schroeder, K. M. Smith, M. A. H. Smith, K. Tang, R. A. Toth, J. Vander Auwera, P. Varanasi, K. Yoshino, “The HITRAN molecular spectroscopic database: edition of 2000 including updates through 2001,” J. Quant. Spectrosc. Radiat. Transfer 82, 5–44 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Devi, V. M.

L. S. Rothman, A. Barbe, D. C. Benner, L. R. Brown, C. Camy-Peyret, M. R. Carleer, K. Chance, C. Clerbaux, V. Dana, V. M. Devi, A. Fayt, J.-M. Flaud, R. R. Gamache, A. Goldman, D. Jacquemart, K. W. Jucks, W. J. Lafferty, J.-Y. Mandin, S. T. Massie, V. Nemtchinov, D. A. Newnham, A. Perrin, C. P. Rinsland, J. Schroeder, K. M. Smith, M. A. H. Smith, K. Tang, R. A. Toth, J. Vander Auwera, P. Varanasi, K. Yoshino, “The HITRAN molecular spectroscopic database: edition of 2000 including updates through 2001,” J. Quant. Spectrosc. Radiat. Transfer 82, 5–44 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Drummond, J. R.

Faist, J.

K. Namjou, S. Cai, E. A. Whittaker, J. Faist, C. Gmachl, F. Capasso, D. L. Sivco, A. Y. Cho, “Sensitive absorption spectroscopy with a room-temperature distributed-feedback quantum-cascade laser,” Opt. Lett. 23, 219–221 (1998).
[CrossRef]

J. Faist, C. Gmachl, F. Capasso, C. Sirtori, D. L. Sivco, J. N. Baillargeon, A. Y. Cho, “Distributed feedback quantum cascade lasers,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 70, 2670–2672 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Fayt, A.

L. S. Rothman, A. Barbe, D. C. Benner, L. R. Brown, C. Camy-Peyret, M. R. Carleer, K. Chance, C. Clerbaux, V. Dana, V. M. Devi, A. Fayt, J.-M. Flaud, R. R. Gamache, A. Goldman, D. Jacquemart, K. W. Jucks, W. J. Lafferty, J.-Y. Mandin, S. T. Massie, V. Nemtchinov, D. A. Newnham, A. Perrin, C. P. Rinsland, J. Schroeder, K. M. Smith, M. A. H. Smith, K. Tang, R. A. Toth, J. Vander Auwera, P. Varanasi, K. Yoshino, “The HITRAN molecular spectroscopic database: edition of 2000 including updates through 2001,” J. Quant. Spectrosc. Radiat. Transfer 82, 5–44 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Flaud, J.-M.

L. S. Rothman, A. Barbe, D. C. Benner, L. R. Brown, C. Camy-Peyret, M. R. Carleer, K. Chance, C. Clerbaux, V. Dana, V. M. Devi, A. Fayt, J.-M. Flaud, R. R. Gamache, A. Goldman, D. Jacquemart, K. W. Jucks, W. J. Lafferty, J.-Y. Mandin, S. T. Massie, V. Nemtchinov, D. A. Newnham, A. Perrin, C. P. Rinsland, J. Schroeder, K. M. Smith, M. A. H. Smith, K. Tang, R. A. Toth, J. Vander Auwera, P. Varanasi, K. Yoshino, “The HITRAN molecular spectroscopic database: edition of 2000 including updates through 2001,” J. Quant. Spectrosc. Radiat. Transfer 82, 5–44 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Foster, M.

K. A. Cope, M. T. Watson, M. Foster, S. S. Sehnert, T. H. Risby, “Effects of ventilation on the collection of exhaled breath in humans,” J. Appl. Physiol. 96, 1371–1379 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Fox, J.

Fraser, M. P.

Fried, A.

Gamache, R. R.

L. S. Rothman, A. Barbe, D. C. Benner, L. R. Brown, C. Camy-Peyret, M. R. Carleer, K. Chance, C. Clerbaux, V. Dana, V. M. Devi, A. Fayt, J.-M. Flaud, R. R. Gamache, A. Goldman, D. Jacquemart, K. W. Jucks, W. J. Lafferty, J.-Y. Mandin, S. T. Massie, V. Nemtchinov, D. A. Newnham, A. Perrin, C. P. Rinsland, J. Schroeder, K. M. Smith, M. A. H. Smith, K. Tang, R. A. Toth, J. Vander Auwera, P. Varanasi, K. Yoshino, “The HITRAN molecular spectroscopic database: edition of 2000 including updates through 2001,” J. Quant. Spectrosc. Radiat. Transfer 82, 5–44 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Gmachl, C.

Goldman, A.

L. S. Rothman, A. Barbe, D. C. Benner, L. R. Brown, C. Camy-Peyret, M. R. Carleer, K. Chance, C. Clerbaux, V. Dana, V. M. Devi, A. Fayt, J.-M. Flaud, R. R. Gamache, A. Goldman, D. Jacquemart, K. W. Jucks, W. J. Lafferty, J.-Y. Mandin, S. T. Massie, V. Nemtchinov, D. A. Newnham, A. Perrin, C. P. Rinsland, J. Schroeder, K. M. Smith, M. A. H. Smith, K. Tang, R. A. Toth, J. Vander Auwera, P. Varanasi, K. Yoshino, “The HITRAN molecular spectroscopic database: edition of 2000 including updates through 2001,” J. Quant. Spectrosc. Radiat. Transfer 82, 5–44 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Grego, J.

Henry, B.

Hutchinson, A. L.

Inomata, Y.

Y. Inomata, K. Matsunaga, Y. Murai, K. Osada, Y. Iwasaka, “Simultaneous measurement of volatile sulfur compounds using ascorbic acid for oxidant removal and gas chromatography—flame photometric detection,” J. Chromatog. A 864, 111–119 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Iwasaka, Y.

Y. Inomata, K. Matsunaga, Y. Murai, K. Osada, Y. Iwasaka, “Simultaneous measurement of volatile sulfur compounds using ascorbic acid for oxidant removal and gas chromatography—flame photometric detection,” J. Chromatog. A 864, 111–119 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Jacquemart, D.

L. S. Rothman, A. Barbe, D. C. Benner, L. R. Brown, C. Camy-Peyret, M. R. Carleer, K. Chance, C. Clerbaux, V. Dana, V. M. Devi, A. Fayt, J.-M. Flaud, R. R. Gamache, A. Goldman, D. Jacquemart, K. W. Jucks, W. J. Lafferty, J.-Y. Mandin, S. T. Massie, V. Nemtchinov, D. A. Newnham, A. Perrin, C. P. Rinsland, J. Schroeder, K. M. Smith, M. A. H. Smith, K. Tang, R. A. Toth, J. Vander Auwera, P. Varanasi, K. Yoshino, “The HITRAN molecular spectroscopic database: edition of 2000 including updates through 2001,” J. Quant. Spectrosc. Radiat. Transfer 82, 5–44 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Jeffers, J. D.

Jiang, L.

S. S. Sehnert, L. Jiang, J. F. Burdick, T. H. Risby, “Breath biomarkers for detection of human liver diseases: preliminary study,” Biomarkers 7, 174–187 (2002).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Jucks, K. W.

L. S. Rothman, A. Barbe, D. C. Benner, L. R. Brown, C. Camy-Peyret, M. R. Carleer, K. Chance, C. Clerbaux, V. Dana, V. M. Devi, A. Fayt, J.-M. Flaud, R. R. Gamache, A. Goldman, D. Jacquemart, K. W. Jucks, W. J. Lafferty, J.-Y. Mandin, S. T. Massie, V. Nemtchinov, D. A. Newnham, A. Perrin, C. P. Rinsland, J. Schroeder, K. M. Smith, M. A. H. Smith, K. Tang, R. A. Toth, J. Vander Auwera, P. Varanasi, K. Yoshino, “The HITRAN molecular spectroscopic database: edition of 2000 including updates through 2001,” J. Quant. Spectrosc. Radiat. Transfer 82, 5–44 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Kesselmeier, J.

A. J. Kettle, U. Kuhn, M. von Hobe, J. Kesselmeier, M. O. Andreae, “Global budget of atmospheric carbonyl sulfide: temporal and spatial variations of the dominant sources and sinks,” J. Geophys. Res. 107D, 25-1–25-16 (2002).

Kettle, A. J.

A. J. Kettle, U. Kuhn, M. von Hobe, J. Kesselmeier, M. O. Andreae, “Global budget of atmospheric carbonyl sulfide: temporal and spatial variations of the dominant sources and sinks,” J. Geophys. Res. 107D, 25-1–25-16 (2002).

M. Von Hobe, G. A. Cutter, A. J. Kettle, M. O. Andreae, “Dark production: a significant source of oceanic OCS,” J. Geophys. Res. 106C, 31217–31226 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Kijowski, W.

P. A. Steudler, W. Kijowski, “Determination of reduced sulfur gases in air by solid absorbent preconcentration and gas chromatography,” Anal. Chem. 56, 1432–1436 (1984).
[CrossRef]

Klein, P. D.

H. C. Niu, D. A. Schoeller, P. D. Klein, “Improved gas chromatographic quantitation of breath hydrogen by normalization to respiratory carbon dioxide,” J. Lab. Clin. Med. 94, 755–763 (1979).
[PubMed]

Köhler, R.

Kosterev, A. A.

Krishnan, J. A.

S. M. Studer, J. B. Orens, I. Rosas, J. A. Krishnan, K. A. Cope, S. Yang, J. V. Conte, P. B. Becker, T. H. Risby, “Patterns and significance of exhaled-breath biomarkers in lung transplant recipients with acute allograft rejection,” J. Heart Lung Transplant 20, 1158–1166 (2001).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Kuhn, U.

A. J. Kettle, U. Kuhn, M. von Hobe, J. Kesselmeier, M. O. Andreae, “Global budget of atmospheric carbonyl sulfide: temporal and spatial variations of the dominant sources and sinks,” J. Geophys. Res. 107D, 25-1–25-16 (2002).

Lafferty, W. J.

L. S. Rothman, A. Barbe, D. C. Benner, L. R. Brown, C. Camy-Peyret, M. R. Carleer, K. Chance, C. Clerbaux, V. Dana, V. M. Devi, A. Fayt, J.-M. Flaud, R. R. Gamache, A. Goldman, D. Jacquemart, K. W. Jucks, W. J. Lafferty, J.-Y. Mandin, S. T. Massie, V. Nemtchinov, D. A. Newnham, A. Perrin, C. P. Rinsland, J. Schroeder, K. M. Smith, M. A. H. Smith, K. Tang, R. A. Toth, J. Vander Auwera, P. Varanasi, K. Yoshino, “The HITRAN molecular spectroscopic database: edition of 2000 including updates through 2001,” J. Quant. Spectrosc. Radiat. Transfer 82, 5–44 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Malinovsky, A. L.

Mandin, J.-Y.

L. S. Rothman, A. Barbe, D. C. Benner, L. R. Brown, C. Camy-Peyret, M. R. Carleer, K. Chance, C. Clerbaux, V. Dana, V. M. Devi, A. Fayt, J.-M. Flaud, R. R. Gamache, A. Goldman, D. Jacquemart, K. W. Jucks, W. J. Lafferty, J.-Y. Mandin, S. T. Massie, V. Nemtchinov, D. A. Newnham, A. Perrin, C. P. Rinsland, J. Schroeder, K. M. Smith, M. A. H. Smith, K. Tang, R. A. Toth, J. Vander Auwera, P. Varanasi, K. Yoshino, “The HITRAN molecular spectroscopic database: edition of 2000 including updates through 2001,” J. Quant. Spectrosc. Radiat. Transfer 82, 5–44 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Massie, S. T.

L. S. Rothman, A. Barbe, D. C. Benner, L. R. Brown, C. Camy-Peyret, M. R. Carleer, K. Chance, C. Clerbaux, V. Dana, V. M. Devi, A. Fayt, J.-M. Flaud, R. R. Gamache, A. Goldman, D. Jacquemart, K. W. Jucks, W. J. Lafferty, J.-Y. Mandin, S. T. Massie, V. Nemtchinov, D. A. Newnham, A. Perrin, C. P. Rinsland, J. Schroeder, K. M. Smith, M. A. H. Smith, K. Tang, R. A. Toth, J. Vander Auwera, P. Varanasi, K. Yoshino, “The HITRAN molecular spectroscopic database: edition of 2000 including updates through 2001,” J. Quant. Spectrosc. Radiat. Transfer 82, 5–44 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Matsunaga, K.

Y. Inomata, K. Matsunaga, Y. Murai, K. Osada, Y. Iwasaka, “Simultaneous measurement of volatile sulfur compounds using ascorbic acid for oxidant removal and gas chromatography—flame photometric detection,” J. Chromatog. A 864, 111–119 (1999).
[CrossRef]

McCann, P. J.

McManus, J. B.

D. D. Nelson, J. H. Shorter, J. B. McManus, M. S. Zahniser, “Sub-part-per-billion detection of nitric oxide in air using a thermoelectrically cooled mid-infrared quantum cascade laser spectrometer,” Appl. Phys. B 75, 343–350 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Mock, A.

Murai, Y.

Y. Inomata, K. Matsunaga, Y. Murai, K. Osada, Y. Iwasaka, “Simultaneous measurement of volatile sulfur compounds using ascorbic acid for oxidant removal and gas chromatography—flame photometric detection,” J. Chromatog. A 864, 111–119 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Namjou, K.

Nelson, D. D.

D. D. Nelson, J. H. Shorter, J. B. McManus, M. S. Zahniser, “Sub-part-per-billion detection of nitric oxide in air using a thermoelectrically cooled mid-infrared quantum cascade laser spectrometer,” Appl. Phys. B 75, 343–350 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Nemtchinov, V.

L. S. Rothman, A. Barbe, D. C. Benner, L. R. Brown, C. Camy-Peyret, M. R. Carleer, K. Chance, C. Clerbaux, V. Dana, V. M. Devi, A. Fayt, J.-M. Flaud, R. R. Gamache, A. Goldman, D. Jacquemart, K. W. Jucks, W. J. Lafferty, J.-Y. Mandin, S. T. Massie, V. Nemtchinov, D. A. Newnham, A. Perrin, C. P. Rinsland, J. Schroeder, K. M. Smith, M. A. H. Smith, K. Tang, R. A. Toth, J. Vander Auwera, P. Varanasi, K. Yoshino, “The HITRAN molecular spectroscopic database: edition of 2000 including updates through 2001,” J. Quant. Spectrosc. Radiat. Transfer 82, 5–44 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Newnham, D. A.

L. S. Rothman, A. Barbe, D. C. Benner, L. R. Brown, C. Camy-Peyret, M. R. Carleer, K. Chance, C. Clerbaux, V. Dana, V. M. Devi, A. Fayt, J.-M. Flaud, R. R. Gamache, A. Goldman, D. Jacquemart, K. W. Jucks, W. J. Lafferty, J.-Y. Mandin, S. T. Massie, V. Nemtchinov, D. A. Newnham, A. Perrin, C. P. Rinsland, J. Schroeder, K. M. Smith, M. A. H. Smith, K. Tang, R. A. Toth, J. Vander Auwera, P. Varanasi, K. Yoshino, “The HITRAN molecular spectroscopic database: edition of 2000 including updates through 2001,” J. Quant. Spectrosc. Radiat. Transfer 82, 5–44 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Niu, H. C.

H. C. Niu, D. A. Schoeller, P. D. Klein, “Improved gas chromatographic quantitation of breath hydrogen by normalization to respiratory carbon dioxide,” J. Lab. Clin. Med. 94, 755–763 (1979).
[PubMed]

Orens, J. B.

S. M. Studer, J. B. Orens, I. Rosas, J. A. Krishnan, K. A. Cope, S. Yang, J. V. Conte, P. B. Becker, T. H. Risby, “Patterns and significance of exhaled-breath biomarkers in lung transplant recipients with acute allograft rejection,” J. Heart Lung Transplant 20, 1158–1166 (2001).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Osada, K.

Y. Inomata, K. Matsunaga, Y. Murai, K. Osada, Y. Iwasaka, “Simultaneous measurement of volatile sulfur compounds using ascorbic acid for oxidant removal and gas chromatography—flame photometric detection,” J. Chromatog. A 864, 111–119 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Perrin, A.

L. S. Rothman, A. Barbe, D. C. Benner, L. R. Brown, C. Camy-Peyret, M. R. Carleer, K. Chance, C. Clerbaux, V. Dana, V. M. Devi, A. Fayt, J.-M. Flaud, R. R. Gamache, A. Goldman, D. Jacquemart, K. W. Jucks, W. J. Lafferty, J.-Y. Mandin, S. T. Massie, V. Nemtchinov, D. A. Newnham, A. Perrin, C. P. Rinsland, J. Schroeder, K. M. Smith, M. A. H. Smith, K. Tang, R. A. Toth, J. Vander Auwera, P. Varanasi, K. Yoshino, “The HITRAN molecular spectroscopic database: edition of 2000 including updates through 2001,” J. Quant. Spectrosc. Radiat. Transfer 82, 5–44 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Rinsland, C. P.

L. S. Rothman, A. Barbe, D. C. Benner, L. R. Brown, C. Camy-Peyret, M. R. Carleer, K. Chance, C. Clerbaux, V. Dana, V. M. Devi, A. Fayt, J.-M. Flaud, R. R. Gamache, A. Goldman, D. Jacquemart, K. W. Jucks, W. J. Lafferty, J.-Y. Mandin, S. T. Massie, V. Nemtchinov, D. A. Newnham, A. Perrin, C. P. Rinsland, J. Schroeder, K. M. Smith, M. A. H. Smith, K. Tang, R. A. Toth, J. Vander Auwera, P. Varanasi, K. Yoshino, “The HITRAN molecular spectroscopic database: edition of 2000 including updates through 2001,” J. Quant. Spectrosc. Radiat. Transfer 82, 5–44 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Risby, T. H.

K. A. Cope, M. T. Watson, M. Foster, S. S. Sehnert, T. H. Risby, “Effects of ventilation on the collection of exhaled breath in humans,” J. Appl. Physiol. 96, 1371–1379 (2004).
[CrossRef]

S. S. Sehnert, L. Jiang, J. F. Burdick, T. H. Risby, “Breath biomarkers for detection of human liver diseases: preliminary study,” Biomarkers 7, 174–187 (2002).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

S. M. Studer, J. B. Orens, I. Rosas, J. A. Krishnan, K. A. Cope, S. Yang, J. V. Conte, P. B. Becker, T. H. Risby, “Patterns and significance of exhaled-breath biomarkers in lung transplant recipients with acute allograft rejection,” J. Heart Lung Transplant 20, 1158–1166 (2001).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Roller, C.

Rosas, I.

S. M. Studer, J. B. Orens, I. Rosas, J. A. Krishnan, K. A. Cope, S. Yang, J. V. Conte, P. B. Becker, T. H. Risby, “Patterns and significance of exhaled-breath biomarkers in lung transplant recipients with acute allograft rejection,” J. Heart Lung Transplant 20, 1158–1166 (2001).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Rothman, L. S.

L. S. Rothman, A. Barbe, D. C. Benner, L. R. Brown, C. Camy-Peyret, M. R. Carleer, K. Chance, C. Clerbaux, V. Dana, V. M. Devi, A. Fayt, J.-M. Flaud, R. R. Gamache, A. Goldman, D. Jacquemart, K. W. Jucks, W. J. Lafferty, J.-Y. Mandin, S. T. Massie, V. Nemtchinov, D. A. Newnham, A. Perrin, C. P. Rinsland, J. Schroeder, K. M. Smith, M. A. H. Smith, K. Tang, R. A. Toth, J. Vander Auwera, P. Varanasi, K. Yoshino, “The HITRAN molecular spectroscopic database: edition of 2000 including updates through 2001,” J. Quant. Spectrosc. Radiat. Transfer 82, 5–44 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Schoeller, D. A.

H. C. Niu, D. A. Schoeller, P. D. Klein, “Improved gas chromatographic quantitation of breath hydrogen by normalization to respiratory carbon dioxide,” J. Lab. Clin. Med. 94, 755–763 (1979).
[PubMed]

Schroeder, J.

L. S. Rothman, A. Barbe, D. C. Benner, L. R. Brown, C. Camy-Peyret, M. R. Carleer, K. Chance, C. Clerbaux, V. Dana, V. M. Devi, A. Fayt, J.-M. Flaud, R. R. Gamache, A. Goldman, D. Jacquemart, K. W. Jucks, W. J. Lafferty, J.-Y. Mandin, S. T. Massie, V. Nemtchinov, D. A. Newnham, A. Perrin, C. P. Rinsland, J. Schroeder, K. M. Smith, M. A. H. Smith, K. Tang, R. A. Toth, J. Vander Auwera, P. Varanasi, K. Yoshino, “The HITRAN molecular spectroscopic database: edition of 2000 including updates through 2001,” J. Quant. Spectrosc. Radiat. Transfer 82, 5–44 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Sehnert, S. S.

K. A. Cope, M. T. Watson, M. Foster, S. S. Sehnert, T. H. Risby, “Effects of ventilation on the collection of exhaled breath in humans,” J. Appl. Physiol. 96, 1371–1379 (2004).
[CrossRef]

S. S. Sehnert, L. Jiang, J. F. Burdick, T. H. Risby, “Breath biomarkers for detection of human liver diseases: preliminary study,” Biomarkers 7, 174–187 (2002).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Shorter, J. H.

D. D. Nelson, J. H. Shorter, J. B. McManus, M. S. Zahniser, “Sub-part-per-billion detection of nitric oxide in air using a thermoelectrically cooled mid-infrared quantum cascade laser spectrometer,” Appl. Phys. B 75, 343–350 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Sirtori, C.

J. Faist, C. Gmachl, F. Capasso, C. Sirtori, D. L. Sivco, J. N. Baillargeon, A. Y. Cho, “Distributed feedback quantum cascade lasers,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 70, 2670–2672 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Sivco, D. L.

Smith, K. M.

L. S. Rothman, A. Barbe, D. C. Benner, L. R. Brown, C. Camy-Peyret, M. R. Carleer, K. Chance, C. Clerbaux, V. Dana, V. M. Devi, A. Fayt, J.-M. Flaud, R. R. Gamache, A. Goldman, D. Jacquemart, K. W. Jucks, W. J. Lafferty, J.-Y. Mandin, S. T. Massie, V. Nemtchinov, D. A. Newnham, A. Perrin, C. P. Rinsland, J. Schroeder, K. M. Smith, M. A. H. Smith, K. Tang, R. A. Toth, J. Vander Auwera, P. Varanasi, K. Yoshino, “The HITRAN molecular spectroscopic database: edition of 2000 including updates through 2001,” J. Quant. Spectrosc. Radiat. Transfer 82, 5–44 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Smith, M. A. H.

L. S. Rothman, A. Barbe, D. C. Benner, L. R. Brown, C. Camy-Peyret, M. R. Carleer, K. Chance, C. Clerbaux, V. Dana, V. M. Devi, A. Fayt, J.-M. Flaud, R. R. Gamache, A. Goldman, D. Jacquemart, K. W. Jucks, W. J. Lafferty, J.-Y. Mandin, S. T. Massie, V. Nemtchinov, D. A. Newnham, A. Perrin, C. P. Rinsland, J. Schroeder, K. M. Smith, M. A. H. Smith, K. Tang, R. A. Toth, J. Vander Auwera, P. Varanasi, K. Yoshino, “The HITRAN molecular spectroscopic database: edition of 2000 including updates through 2001,” J. Quant. Spectrosc. Radiat. Transfer 82, 5–44 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Steudler, P. A.

P. A. Steudler, W. Kijowski, “Determination of reduced sulfur gases in air by solid absorbent preconcentration and gas chromatography,” Anal. Chem. 56, 1432–1436 (1984).
[CrossRef]

Studer, S. M.

S. M. Studer, J. B. Orens, I. Rosas, J. A. Krishnan, K. A. Cope, S. Yang, J. V. Conte, P. B. Becker, T. H. Risby, “Patterns and significance of exhaled-breath biomarkers in lung transplant recipients with acute allograft rejection,” J. Heart Lung Transplant 20, 1158–1166 (2001).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Svoronos, P. D. N.

P. D. N. Svoronos, T. J. Bruno, “Carbonyl sulfide: a review of its chemistry and properties,” Ind. Eng. Chem. Res. 41, 5321–5336 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Tang, K.

L. S. Rothman, A. Barbe, D. C. Benner, L. R. Brown, C. Camy-Peyret, M. R. Carleer, K. Chance, C. Clerbaux, V. Dana, V. M. Devi, A. Fayt, J.-M. Flaud, R. R. Gamache, A. Goldman, D. Jacquemart, K. W. Jucks, W. J. Lafferty, J.-Y. Mandin, S. T. Massie, V. Nemtchinov, D. A. Newnham, A. Perrin, C. P. Rinsland, J. Schroeder, K. M. Smith, M. A. H. Smith, K. Tang, R. A. Toth, J. Vander Auwera, P. Varanasi, K. Yoshino, “The HITRAN molecular spectroscopic database: edition of 2000 including updates through 2001,” J. Quant. Spectrosc. Radiat. Transfer 82, 5–44 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Tittel, F. K.

Toth, R. A.

L. S. Rothman, A. Barbe, D. C. Benner, L. R. Brown, C. Camy-Peyret, M. R. Carleer, K. Chance, C. Clerbaux, V. Dana, V. M. Devi, A. Fayt, J.-M. Flaud, R. R. Gamache, A. Goldman, D. Jacquemart, K. W. Jucks, W. J. Lafferty, J.-Y. Mandin, S. T. Massie, V. Nemtchinov, D. A. Newnham, A. Perrin, C. P. Rinsland, J. Schroeder, K. M. Smith, M. A. H. Smith, K. Tang, R. A. Toth, J. Vander Auwera, P. Varanasi, K. Yoshino, “The HITRAN molecular spectroscopic database: edition of 2000 including updates through 2001,” J. Quant. Spectrosc. Radiat. Transfer 82, 5–44 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Uehara, K.

Vander Auwera, J.

L. S. Rothman, A. Barbe, D. C. Benner, L. R. Brown, C. Camy-Peyret, M. R. Carleer, K. Chance, C. Clerbaux, V. Dana, V. M. Devi, A. Fayt, J.-M. Flaud, R. R. Gamache, A. Goldman, D. Jacquemart, K. W. Jucks, W. J. Lafferty, J.-Y. Mandin, S. T. Massie, V. Nemtchinov, D. A. Newnham, A. Perrin, C. P. Rinsland, J. Schroeder, K. M. Smith, M. A. H. Smith, K. Tang, R. A. Toth, J. Vander Auwera, P. Varanasi, K. Yoshino, “The HITRAN molecular spectroscopic database: edition of 2000 including updates through 2001,” J. Quant. Spectrosc. Radiat. Transfer 82, 5–44 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Varanasi, P.

L. S. Rothman, A. Barbe, D. C. Benner, L. R. Brown, C. Camy-Peyret, M. R. Carleer, K. Chance, C. Clerbaux, V. Dana, V. M. Devi, A. Fayt, J.-M. Flaud, R. R. Gamache, A. Goldman, D. Jacquemart, K. W. Jucks, W. J. Lafferty, J.-Y. Mandin, S. T. Massie, V. Nemtchinov, D. A. Newnham, A. Perrin, C. P. Rinsland, J. Schroeder, K. M. Smith, M. A. H. Smith, K. Tang, R. A. Toth, J. Vander Auwera, P. Varanasi, K. Yoshino, “The HITRAN molecular spectroscopic database: edition of 2000 including updates through 2001,” J. Quant. Spectrosc. Radiat. Transfer 82, 5–44 (2003).
[CrossRef]

von Hobe, M.

A. J. Kettle, U. Kuhn, M. von Hobe, J. Kesselmeier, M. O. Andreae, “Global budget of atmospheric carbonyl sulfide: temporal and spatial variations of the dominant sources and sinks,” J. Geophys. Res. 107D, 25-1–25-16 (2002).

M. Von Hobe, G. A. Cutter, A. J. Kettle, M. O. Andreae, “Dark production: a significant source of oceanic OCS,” J. Geophys. Res. 106C, 31217–31226 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Wardencki, W.

W. Wardencki, “Problems with the determination of environmental sulphur compounds by gas chromatography,” J. Chromatog. A 793, 1–19 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Watson, M. T.

K. A. Cope, M. T. Watson, M. Foster, S. S. Sehnert, T. H. Risby, “Effects of ventilation on the collection of exhaled breath in humans,” J. Appl. Physiol. 96, 1371–1379 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Weidmann, D.

Whittaker, E. A.

Yang, S.

S. M. Studer, J. B. Orens, I. Rosas, J. A. Krishnan, K. A. Cope, S. Yang, J. V. Conte, P. B. Becker, T. H. Risby, “Patterns and significance of exhaled-breath biomarkers in lung transplant recipients with acute allograft rejection,” J. Heart Lung Transplant 20, 1158–1166 (2001).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Yoshino, K.

L. S. Rothman, A. Barbe, D. C. Benner, L. R. Brown, C. Camy-Peyret, M. R. Carleer, K. Chance, C. Clerbaux, V. Dana, V. M. Devi, A. Fayt, J.-M. Flaud, R. R. Gamache, A. Goldman, D. Jacquemart, K. W. Jucks, W. J. Lafferty, J.-Y. Mandin, S. T. Massie, V. Nemtchinov, D. A. Newnham, A. Perrin, C. P. Rinsland, J. Schroeder, K. M. Smith, M. A. H. Smith, K. Tang, R. A. Toth, J. Vander Auwera, P. Varanasi, K. Yoshino, “The HITRAN molecular spectroscopic database: edition of 2000 including updates through 2001,” J. Quant. Spectrosc. Radiat. Transfer 82, 5–44 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Zahniser, M. S.

D. D. Nelson, J. H. Shorter, J. B. McManus, M. S. Zahniser, “Sub-part-per-billion detection of nitric oxide in air using a thermoelectrically cooled mid-infrared quantum cascade laser spectrometer,” Appl. Phys. B 75, 343–350 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Anal. Chem. (1)

P. A. Steudler, W. Kijowski, “Determination of reduced sulfur gases in air by solid absorbent preconcentration and gas chromatography,” Anal. Chem. 56, 1432–1436 (1984).
[CrossRef]

Appl. Opt. (5)

Appl. Phys. B (1)

D. D. Nelson, J. H. Shorter, J. B. McManus, M. S. Zahniser, “Sub-part-per-billion detection of nitric oxide in air using a thermoelectrically cooled mid-infrared quantum cascade laser spectrometer,” Appl. Phys. B 75, 343–350 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Appl. Phys. Lett. (1)

J. Faist, C. Gmachl, F. Capasso, C. Sirtori, D. L. Sivco, J. N. Baillargeon, A. Y. Cho, “Distributed feedback quantum cascade lasers,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 70, 2670–2672 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Biomarkers (1)

S. S. Sehnert, L. Jiang, J. F. Burdick, T. H. Risby, “Breath biomarkers for detection of human liver diseases: preliminary study,” Biomarkers 7, 174–187 (2002).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

IEEE J. Quantum Electron. (1)

A. A. Kosterev, F. K. Tittel, “Chemical sensors based on quantum cascade lasers,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 38, 582–591 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Ind. Eng. Chem. Res. (1)

P. D. N. Svoronos, T. J. Bruno, “Carbonyl sulfide: a review of its chemistry and properties,” Ind. Eng. Chem. Res. 41, 5321–5336 (2002).
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J. Appl. Physiol. (1)

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