Abstract

We develop a simple theory that relates the performance of an optical component to the variance of the amplitude of its phase ripple that has been weighted by the incoming signal spectrum. Comparisons of model predictions for chirped fiber gratings with 10-Gbit/s test-bed simulations and measurements agree.

© 2004 Optical Society of America

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  1. D. Garthe, G. Milner, Y. Cai, “System performance of broadband dispersion compensation gratings,” Electron. Lett. 34, 582–583 (1998).
    [CrossRef]
  2. M. Eiselt, C. B. Clausen, R. W. Tkach, “Performance characterization of components with group delay fluctuations,” Photon. Technol. Lett. 15, 1076–1078 (2003).
    [CrossRef]
  3. G. P. Agrawal, Fiber-Optic Communication Systems, 2nd ed. (Wiley, New York, 1997).
  4. C. Sheerer, C. Glingener, G. Fischer, M. Bohn, W. Rosenkranz, “Influence of filter group delay ripples on system performance,” in Proceedings of European Conference on Optical Communication (Societe des Electriciens et des Electroniciens, Paris, 1999), pp. 410–411.
  5. B. J. Eggleton, A. Ahuja, P. S. Westbrook, J. A. Rogers, P. Kuo, T. N. Nielsen, B. Mikkelsen, “Integrated tunable fiber gratings for dispersion management in high-bit-rate systems,” J. Lightwave Technol. 18, 1418–1432 (2000).
    [CrossRef]
  6. H. Yoshimi, Y. Takushima, K. Kikuchi, “A simple method for estimating the eye-opening penalty caused by group-delay ripple of optical filters,” presented at the European Conference on Optical Communication, Copenhagen, Denmark, 8–12 Septemer 2002, paper 10.4.4.
  7. K. Ennser, M. Ibsen, M. Durkin, M. N. Zervas, R. I. Laming, “Influence of nonideal chirped fiber grating characteristics on dispersion cancellation,” Photon. Technol. Lett. 10, 1476–1478 (1998).
    [CrossRef]
  8. J. F. Brennan, M. R. Matthews, W. V. Dower, D. J. Treadwell, W. Wang, J. Porque, X. Fan, “Dispersion correction with a robust fiber grating over the full C-band at 10 Gbit/s rates with 0.3-dB power penalties,” Photon. Technol. Lett. 15, 1722–1724 (2003).
    [CrossRef]

2003 (2)

M. Eiselt, C. B. Clausen, R. W. Tkach, “Performance characterization of components with group delay fluctuations,” Photon. Technol. Lett. 15, 1076–1078 (2003).
[CrossRef]

J. F. Brennan, M. R. Matthews, W. V. Dower, D. J. Treadwell, W. Wang, J. Porque, X. Fan, “Dispersion correction with a robust fiber grating over the full C-band at 10 Gbit/s rates with 0.3-dB power penalties,” Photon. Technol. Lett. 15, 1722–1724 (2003).
[CrossRef]

2000 (1)

1998 (2)

K. Ennser, M. Ibsen, M. Durkin, M. N. Zervas, R. I. Laming, “Influence of nonideal chirped fiber grating characteristics on dispersion cancellation,” Photon. Technol. Lett. 10, 1476–1478 (1998).
[CrossRef]

D. Garthe, G. Milner, Y. Cai, “System performance of broadband dispersion compensation gratings,” Electron. Lett. 34, 582–583 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Agrawal, G. P.

G. P. Agrawal, Fiber-Optic Communication Systems, 2nd ed. (Wiley, New York, 1997).

Ahuja, A.

Bohn, M.

C. Sheerer, C. Glingener, G. Fischer, M. Bohn, W. Rosenkranz, “Influence of filter group delay ripples on system performance,” in Proceedings of European Conference on Optical Communication (Societe des Electriciens et des Electroniciens, Paris, 1999), pp. 410–411.

Brennan, J. F.

J. F. Brennan, M. R. Matthews, W. V. Dower, D. J. Treadwell, W. Wang, J. Porque, X. Fan, “Dispersion correction with a robust fiber grating over the full C-band at 10 Gbit/s rates with 0.3-dB power penalties,” Photon. Technol. Lett. 15, 1722–1724 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Cai, Y.

D. Garthe, G. Milner, Y. Cai, “System performance of broadband dispersion compensation gratings,” Electron. Lett. 34, 582–583 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Clausen, C. B.

M. Eiselt, C. B. Clausen, R. W. Tkach, “Performance characterization of components with group delay fluctuations,” Photon. Technol. Lett. 15, 1076–1078 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Dower, W. V.

J. F. Brennan, M. R. Matthews, W. V. Dower, D. J. Treadwell, W. Wang, J. Porque, X. Fan, “Dispersion correction with a robust fiber grating over the full C-band at 10 Gbit/s rates with 0.3-dB power penalties,” Photon. Technol. Lett. 15, 1722–1724 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Durkin, M.

K. Ennser, M. Ibsen, M. Durkin, M. N. Zervas, R. I. Laming, “Influence of nonideal chirped fiber grating characteristics on dispersion cancellation,” Photon. Technol. Lett. 10, 1476–1478 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Eggleton, B. J.

Eiselt, M.

M. Eiselt, C. B. Clausen, R. W. Tkach, “Performance characterization of components with group delay fluctuations,” Photon. Technol. Lett. 15, 1076–1078 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Ennser, K.

K. Ennser, M. Ibsen, M. Durkin, M. N. Zervas, R. I. Laming, “Influence of nonideal chirped fiber grating characteristics on dispersion cancellation,” Photon. Technol. Lett. 10, 1476–1478 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Fan, X.

J. F. Brennan, M. R. Matthews, W. V. Dower, D. J. Treadwell, W. Wang, J. Porque, X. Fan, “Dispersion correction with a robust fiber grating over the full C-band at 10 Gbit/s rates with 0.3-dB power penalties,” Photon. Technol. Lett. 15, 1722–1724 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Fischer, G.

C. Sheerer, C. Glingener, G. Fischer, M. Bohn, W. Rosenkranz, “Influence of filter group delay ripples on system performance,” in Proceedings of European Conference on Optical Communication (Societe des Electriciens et des Electroniciens, Paris, 1999), pp. 410–411.

Garthe, D.

D. Garthe, G. Milner, Y. Cai, “System performance of broadband dispersion compensation gratings,” Electron. Lett. 34, 582–583 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Glingener, C.

C. Sheerer, C. Glingener, G. Fischer, M. Bohn, W. Rosenkranz, “Influence of filter group delay ripples on system performance,” in Proceedings of European Conference on Optical Communication (Societe des Electriciens et des Electroniciens, Paris, 1999), pp. 410–411.

Ibsen, M.

K. Ennser, M. Ibsen, M. Durkin, M. N. Zervas, R. I. Laming, “Influence of nonideal chirped fiber grating characteristics on dispersion cancellation,” Photon. Technol. Lett. 10, 1476–1478 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Kikuchi, K.

H. Yoshimi, Y. Takushima, K. Kikuchi, “A simple method for estimating the eye-opening penalty caused by group-delay ripple of optical filters,” presented at the European Conference on Optical Communication, Copenhagen, Denmark, 8–12 Septemer 2002, paper 10.4.4.

Kuo, P.

Laming, R. I.

K. Ennser, M. Ibsen, M. Durkin, M. N. Zervas, R. I. Laming, “Influence of nonideal chirped fiber grating characteristics on dispersion cancellation,” Photon. Technol. Lett. 10, 1476–1478 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Matthews, M. R.

J. F. Brennan, M. R. Matthews, W. V. Dower, D. J. Treadwell, W. Wang, J. Porque, X. Fan, “Dispersion correction with a robust fiber grating over the full C-band at 10 Gbit/s rates with 0.3-dB power penalties,” Photon. Technol. Lett. 15, 1722–1724 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Mikkelsen, B.

Milner, G.

D. Garthe, G. Milner, Y. Cai, “System performance of broadband dispersion compensation gratings,” Electron. Lett. 34, 582–583 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Nielsen, T. N.

Porque, J.

J. F. Brennan, M. R. Matthews, W. V. Dower, D. J. Treadwell, W. Wang, J. Porque, X. Fan, “Dispersion correction with a robust fiber grating over the full C-band at 10 Gbit/s rates with 0.3-dB power penalties,” Photon. Technol. Lett. 15, 1722–1724 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Rogers, J. A.

Rosenkranz, W.

C. Sheerer, C. Glingener, G. Fischer, M. Bohn, W. Rosenkranz, “Influence of filter group delay ripples on system performance,” in Proceedings of European Conference on Optical Communication (Societe des Electriciens et des Electroniciens, Paris, 1999), pp. 410–411.

Sheerer, C.

C. Sheerer, C. Glingener, G. Fischer, M. Bohn, W. Rosenkranz, “Influence of filter group delay ripples on system performance,” in Proceedings of European Conference on Optical Communication (Societe des Electriciens et des Electroniciens, Paris, 1999), pp. 410–411.

Takushima, Y.

H. Yoshimi, Y. Takushima, K. Kikuchi, “A simple method for estimating the eye-opening penalty caused by group-delay ripple of optical filters,” presented at the European Conference on Optical Communication, Copenhagen, Denmark, 8–12 Septemer 2002, paper 10.4.4.

Tkach, R. W.

M. Eiselt, C. B. Clausen, R. W. Tkach, “Performance characterization of components with group delay fluctuations,” Photon. Technol. Lett. 15, 1076–1078 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Treadwell, D. J.

J. F. Brennan, M. R. Matthews, W. V. Dower, D. J. Treadwell, W. Wang, J. Porque, X. Fan, “Dispersion correction with a robust fiber grating over the full C-band at 10 Gbit/s rates with 0.3-dB power penalties,” Photon. Technol. Lett. 15, 1722–1724 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Wang, W.

J. F. Brennan, M. R. Matthews, W. V. Dower, D. J. Treadwell, W. Wang, J. Porque, X. Fan, “Dispersion correction with a robust fiber grating over the full C-band at 10 Gbit/s rates with 0.3-dB power penalties,” Photon. Technol. Lett. 15, 1722–1724 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Westbrook, P. S.

Yoshimi, H.

H. Yoshimi, Y. Takushima, K. Kikuchi, “A simple method for estimating the eye-opening penalty caused by group-delay ripple of optical filters,” presented at the European Conference on Optical Communication, Copenhagen, Denmark, 8–12 Septemer 2002, paper 10.4.4.

Zervas, M. N.

K. Ennser, M. Ibsen, M. Durkin, M. N. Zervas, R. I. Laming, “Influence of nonideal chirped fiber grating characteristics on dispersion cancellation,” Photon. Technol. Lett. 10, 1476–1478 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Electron. Lett. (1)

D. Garthe, G. Milner, Y. Cai, “System performance of broadband dispersion compensation gratings,” Electron. Lett. 34, 582–583 (1998).
[CrossRef]

J. Lightwave Technol. (1)

Photon. Technol. Lett. (3)

K. Ennser, M. Ibsen, M. Durkin, M. N. Zervas, R. I. Laming, “Influence of nonideal chirped fiber grating characteristics on dispersion cancellation,” Photon. Technol. Lett. 10, 1476–1478 (1998).
[CrossRef]

J. F. Brennan, M. R. Matthews, W. V. Dower, D. J. Treadwell, W. Wang, J. Porque, X. Fan, “Dispersion correction with a robust fiber grating over the full C-band at 10 Gbit/s rates with 0.3-dB power penalties,” Photon. Technol. Lett. 15, 1722–1724 (2003).
[CrossRef]

M. Eiselt, C. B. Clausen, R. W. Tkach, “Performance characterization of components with group delay fluctuations,” Photon. Technol. Lett. 15, 1076–1078 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Other (3)

G. P. Agrawal, Fiber-Optic Communication Systems, 2nd ed. (Wiley, New York, 1997).

C. Sheerer, C. Glingener, G. Fischer, M. Bohn, W. Rosenkranz, “Influence of filter group delay ripples on system performance,” in Proceedings of European Conference on Optical Communication (Societe des Electriciens et des Electroniciens, Paris, 1999), pp. 410–411.

H. Yoshimi, Y. Takushima, K. Kikuchi, “A simple method for estimating the eye-opening penalty caused by group-delay ripple of optical filters,” presented at the European Conference on Optical Communication, Copenhagen, Denmark, 8–12 Septemer 2002, paper 10.4.4.

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