Abstract

There is a need to develop large-aperture acousto-optic tunable filters (AOTFs) in the UV region for applications in astronomy, environmental sciences, biology, etc. We have developed a high-quality noncollinear AOTF cell that uses a single crystal of KDP that has nearly a four times larger acousto-optic figure of merit, M 2, than quartz. The linear and angular apertures of this cell are 1.5 cm × 1.5 cm and 1.2°, respectively. The spectral range is 220–480 nm, with 160-cm-1 spectral resolution and high transmission in the UV. We present an analysis of the design and describe the characterization results.

© 2004 Optical Society of America

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  1. A. Yariv, P. Yeh, Optical Waves in Crystals (Wiley, New York, 1984).
  2. J. Xu, R. Stroud, Acousto-Optic Devices (Wiley, New York, 1992).
  3. A. Goutzoulis, D. Pape, Designing and Fabrication of Acousto-Optic Devices (Marcel Dekker, New York, 1994).
  4. N. J. Berg, J. M. Pellegrino, Acousto-Optic Signal Processing: Theory and Implementation (Marcel Dekker, New York, 1996).
  5. I. C. Chang, “Tunable acousto-optic filters: an overview,” in Acousto-Optics: Device Development/Instrumentation/Applications, J. B. Houston, ed., Proc. SPIE90, 12–22 (1976).
    [CrossRef]
  6. V. Voloshinov, N. Gupta, “Acousto-optic imaging in the middle infrared region of spectrum,” in 3rd International Conference on Optical Information Processing, Y. V. Gulyaev, ed., Proc. SPIE3900, 68–73 (1999).
    [CrossRef]
  7. V. Voloshinov, “Imaging experiments based on application of non-collinear tunable acousto-optic filters,” in 27th AIPR Workshop: Advances in Computer-Assisted Recognition, R. J. Mericsko, ed., Proc. SPIE3584, 116–127 (1998).
    [CrossRef]
  8. J. Kusters, D. Wilson, D. Hammond, “Optimum crystal orientation for acoustically tuned optic filters,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. 64, 434–440 (1974).
    [CrossRef]
  9. P. Katzka, I. C. Chang, “Non-collinear acousto-optic filter for the ultraviolet,” in Infrared Technology for Target Detection and Classification, P. M. Narendra, ed., Proc. SPIE202, 26–32 (1979).
  10. I. Belikov, V. Voloshinov, A. Kasyanov, V. Parygin, “Acousto-optic spectral filtration of radiation in the ultraviolet region,” Sov. Tech. Phys. Lett. 16, 645–650 (1989).
  11. V. Voloshinov, “Acousto-optic filtration of electromagnetic radiation in the ultraviolet region,” in Physical Acoustics: Fundamentals and Applications, O. Leroy, M. Breazeale, eds. (Plenum, New York, (1991), 665–670.
  12. G. Tang, J. Chen, A. Katz, E. Gelmer, R. Krumm, R. Alfano, “Ultraviolet-visible acousto-optic tunable spectroscopic imager for medical diagnosis,” J. Biomed. Opt. 3, 80–84 (1998).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  13. V. Voloshinov, N. Gupta, “Tunable acousto-optic filters for monitoring of atmospheric ozone,” in Instrumentation for Air Pollution and Global Atmospheric Monitoring, J. O. Jensen, ed., Proc. SPIE4574, 162–173 (2002).
    [CrossRef]
  14. A. Ponomarev, I. Rodionov, G. Teterin, “Wide aperture acousto-optic tunable filters for visible and UV lights,” in Fiber Optic Network Components, S. Najafi, H. Porte, eds., Proc. SPIE2449, 200–207 (1995).
    [CrossRef]
  15. I. C. Chang, J. Xu, “High performance AOTFs for the ultraviolet,” in Proceedings of the IEEE Ultrasonics Symposium, S. C. Schneider, M. Levy, B. R. McAvoy, eds. (Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers, Piscataway, N. J., 1998), pp. 1289–1292.
  16. F. Zernike, J. Midwinter, Applied Nonlinear Optics (Wiley, New York, 1973).
  17. V. Rao, T. Narasimhamurty, “A new technique to study photoelastic dispersion in cubic and noncubic crystals,” Appl. Opt. 9, 155–159 (1970).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  18. V. Voloshinov, “Anisotropic light diffraction on ultrasound in tellurium dioxide single crystal,” Ultrasound 31, 333–338 (1993).
  19. V. Voloshinov, O. Mironov, E. Trotz, “Optical flux at output of tunable acousto-optic filters,” Opt. Spectrosc. 71, 306–309 (1991).
  20. V. Voloshinov, O. Mironov, L. Kulakov, “Scanning of optical images in the presence of acousto-optic light filtering,” J. Commun. Technol. Electron. 34, 54–59 (1989).
  21. N. Gupta, V. Voloshinov, “Hyperspectral imager, from ultraviolet to visible, with a KDP acousto-optic tunable filter,” Appl. Opt. 43, 2752–2759 (2004),
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]

2004 (1)

1998 (1)

G. Tang, J. Chen, A. Katz, E. Gelmer, R. Krumm, R. Alfano, “Ultraviolet-visible acousto-optic tunable spectroscopic imager for medical diagnosis,” J. Biomed. Opt. 3, 80–84 (1998).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

1993 (1)

V. Voloshinov, “Anisotropic light diffraction on ultrasound in tellurium dioxide single crystal,” Ultrasound 31, 333–338 (1993).

1991 (1)

V. Voloshinov, O. Mironov, E. Trotz, “Optical flux at output of tunable acousto-optic filters,” Opt. Spectrosc. 71, 306–309 (1991).

1989 (2)

V. Voloshinov, O. Mironov, L. Kulakov, “Scanning of optical images in the presence of acousto-optic light filtering,” J. Commun. Technol. Electron. 34, 54–59 (1989).

I. Belikov, V. Voloshinov, A. Kasyanov, V. Parygin, “Acousto-optic spectral filtration of radiation in the ultraviolet region,” Sov. Tech. Phys. Lett. 16, 645–650 (1989).

1974 (1)

1970 (1)

Alfano, R.

G. Tang, J. Chen, A. Katz, E. Gelmer, R. Krumm, R. Alfano, “Ultraviolet-visible acousto-optic tunable spectroscopic imager for medical diagnosis,” J. Biomed. Opt. 3, 80–84 (1998).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Belikov, I.

I. Belikov, V. Voloshinov, A. Kasyanov, V. Parygin, “Acousto-optic spectral filtration of radiation in the ultraviolet region,” Sov. Tech. Phys. Lett. 16, 645–650 (1989).

Berg, N. J.

N. J. Berg, J. M. Pellegrino, Acousto-Optic Signal Processing: Theory and Implementation (Marcel Dekker, New York, 1996).

Chang, I. C.

I. C. Chang, “Tunable acousto-optic filters: an overview,” in Acousto-Optics: Device Development/Instrumentation/Applications, J. B. Houston, ed., Proc. SPIE90, 12–22 (1976).
[CrossRef]

P. Katzka, I. C. Chang, “Non-collinear acousto-optic filter for the ultraviolet,” in Infrared Technology for Target Detection and Classification, P. M. Narendra, ed., Proc. SPIE202, 26–32 (1979).

I. C. Chang, J. Xu, “High performance AOTFs for the ultraviolet,” in Proceedings of the IEEE Ultrasonics Symposium, S. C. Schneider, M. Levy, B. R. McAvoy, eds. (Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers, Piscataway, N. J., 1998), pp. 1289–1292.

Chen, J.

G. Tang, J. Chen, A. Katz, E. Gelmer, R. Krumm, R. Alfano, “Ultraviolet-visible acousto-optic tunable spectroscopic imager for medical diagnosis,” J. Biomed. Opt. 3, 80–84 (1998).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Gelmer, E.

G. Tang, J. Chen, A. Katz, E. Gelmer, R. Krumm, R. Alfano, “Ultraviolet-visible acousto-optic tunable spectroscopic imager for medical diagnosis,” J. Biomed. Opt. 3, 80–84 (1998).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Goutzoulis, A.

A. Goutzoulis, D. Pape, Designing and Fabrication of Acousto-Optic Devices (Marcel Dekker, New York, 1994).

Gupta, N.

N. Gupta, V. Voloshinov, “Hyperspectral imager, from ultraviolet to visible, with a KDP acousto-optic tunable filter,” Appl. Opt. 43, 2752–2759 (2004),
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

V. Voloshinov, N. Gupta, “Acousto-optic imaging in the middle infrared region of spectrum,” in 3rd International Conference on Optical Information Processing, Y. V. Gulyaev, ed., Proc. SPIE3900, 68–73 (1999).
[CrossRef]

V. Voloshinov, N. Gupta, “Tunable acousto-optic filters for monitoring of atmospheric ozone,” in Instrumentation for Air Pollution and Global Atmospheric Monitoring, J. O. Jensen, ed., Proc. SPIE4574, 162–173 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Hammond, D.

Kasyanov, A.

I. Belikov, V. Voloshinov, A. Kasyanov, V. Parygin, “Acousto-optic spectral filtration of radiation in the ultraviolet region,” Sov. Tech. Phys. Lett. 16, 645–650 (1989).

Katz, A.

G. Tang, J. Chen, A. Katz, E. Gelmer, R. Krumm, R. Alfano, “Ultraviolet-visible acousto-optic tunable spectroscopic imager for medical diagnosis,” J. Biomed. Opt. 3, 80–84 (1998).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Katzka, P.

P. Katzka, I. C. Chang, “Non-collinear acousto-optic filter for the ultraviolet,” in Infrared Technology for Target Detection and Classification, P. M. Narendra, ed., Proc. SPIE202, 26–32 (1979).

Krumm, R.

G. Tang, J. Chen, A. Katz, E. Gelmer, R. Krumm, R. Alfano, “Ultraviolet-visible acousto-optic tunable spectroscopic imager for medical diagnosis,” J. Biomed. Opt. 3, 80–84 (1998).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Kulakov, L.

V. Voloshinov, O. Mironov, L. Kulakov, “Scanning of optical images in the presence of acousto-optic light filtering,” J. Commun. Technol. Electron. 34, 54–59 (1989).

Kusters, J.

Midwinter, J.

F. Zernike, J. Midwinter, Applied Nonlinear Optics (Wiley, New York, 1973).

Mironov, O.

V. Voloshinov, O. Mironov, E. Trotz, “Optical flux at output of tunable acousto-optic filters,” Opt. Spectrosc. 71, 306–309 (1991).

V. Voloshinov, O. Mironov, L. Kulakov, “Scanning of optical images in the presence of acousto-optic light filtering,” J. Commun. Technol. Electron. 34, 54–59 (1989).

Narasimhamurty, T.

Pape, D.

A. Goutzoulis, D. Pape, Designing and Fabrication of Acousto-Optic Devices (Marcel Dekker, New York, 1994).

Parygin, V.

I. Belikov, V. Voloshinov, A. Kasyanov, V. Parygin, “Acousto-optic spectral filtration of radiation in the ultraviolet region,” Sov. Tech. Phys. Lett. 16, 645–650 (1989).

Pellegrino, J. M.

N. J. Berg, J. M. Pellegrino, Acousto-Optic Signal Processing: Theory and Implementation (Marcel Dekker, New York, 1996).

Ponomarev, A.

A. Ponomarev, I. Rodionov, G. Teterin, “Wide aperture acousto-optic tunable filters for visible and UV lights,” in Fiber Optic Network Components, S. Najafi, H. Porte, eds., Proc. SPIE2449, 200–207 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Rao, V.

Rodionov, I.

A. Ponomarev, I. Rodionov, G. Teterin, “Wide aperture acousto-optic tunable filters for visible and UV lights,” in Fiber Optic Network Components, S. Najafi, H. Porte, eds., Proc. SPIE2449, 200–207 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Stroud, R.

J. Xu, R. Stroud, Acousto-Optic Devices (Wiley, New York, 1992).

Tang, G.

G. Tang, J. Chen, A. Katz, E. Gelmer, R. Krumm, R. Alfano, “Ultraviolet-visible acousto-optic tunable spectroscopic imager for medical diagnosis,” J. Biomed. Opt. 3, 80–84 (1998).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Teterin, G.

A. Ponomarev, I. Rodionov, G. Teterin, “Wide aperture acousto-optic tunable filters for visible and UV lights,” in Fiber Optic Network Components, S. Najafi, H. Porte, eds., Proc. SPIE2449, 200–207 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Trotz, E.

V. Voloshinov, O. Mironov, E. Trotz, “Optical flux at output of tunable acousto-optic filters,” Opt. Spectrosc. 71, 306–309 (1991).

Voloshinov, V.

N. Gupta, V. Voloshinov, “Hyperspectral imager, from ultraviolet to visible, with a KDP acousto-optic tunable filter,” Appl. Opt. 43, 2752–2759 (2004),
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

V. Voloshinov, “Anisotropic light diffraction on ultrasound in tellurium dioxide single crystal,” Ultrasound 31, 333–338 (1993).

V. Voloshinov, O. Mironov, E. Trotz, “Optical flux at output of tunable acousto-optic filters,” Opt. Spectrosc. 71, 306–309 (1991).

V. Voloshinov, O. Mironov, L. Kulakov, “Scanning of optical images in the presence of acousto-optic light filtering,” J. Commun. Technol. Electron. 34, 54–59 (1989).

I. Belikov, V. Voloshinov, A. Kasyanov, V. Parygin, “Acousto-optic spectral filtration of radiation in the ultraviolet region,” Sov. Tech. Phys. Lett. 16, 645–650 (1989).

V. Voloshinov, “Acousto-optic filtration of electromagnetic radiation in the ultraviolet region,” in Physical Acoustics: Fundamentals and Applications, O. Leroy, M. Breazeale, eds. (Plenum, New York, (1991), 665–670.

V. Voloshinov, N. Gupta, “Tunable acousto-optic filters for monitoring of atmospheric ozone,” in Instrumentation for Air Pollution and Global Atmospheric Monitoring, J. O. Jensen, ed., Proc. SPIE4574, 162–173 (2002).
[CrossRef]

V. Voloshinov, “Imaging experiments based on application of non-collinear tunable acousto-optic filters,” in 27th AIPR Workshop: Advances in Computer-Assisted Recognition, R. J. Mericsko, ed., Proc. SPIE3584, 116–127 (1998).
[CrossRef]

V. Voloshinov, N. Gupta, “Acousto-optic imaging in the middle infrared region of spectrum,” in 3rd International Conference on Optical Information Processing, Y. V. Gulyaev, ed., Proc. SPIE3900, 68–73 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Wilson, D.

Xu, J.

J. Xu, R. Stroud, Acousto-Optic Devices (Wiley, New York, 1992).

I. C. Chang, J. Xu, “High performance AOTFs for the ultraviolet,” in Proceedings of the IEEE Ultrasonics Symposium, S. C. Schneider, M. Levy, B. R. McAvoy, eds. (Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers, Piscataway, N. J., 1998), pp. 1289–1292.

Yariv, A.

A. Yariv, P. Yeh, Optical Waves in Crystals (Wiley, New York, 1984).

Yeh, P.

A. Yariv, P. Yeh, Optical Waves in Crystals (Wiley, New York, 1984).

Zernike, F.

F. Zernike, J. Midwinter, Applied Nonlinear Optics (Wiley, New York, 1973).

Appl. Opt. (2)

J. Biomed. Opt. (1)

G. Tang, J. Chen, A. Katz, E. Gelmer, R. Krumm, R. Alfano, “Ultraviolet-visible acousto-optic tunable spectroscopic imager for medical diagnosis,” J. Biomed. Opt. 3, 80–84 (1998).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

J. Commun. Technol. Electron. (1)

V. Voloshinov, O. Mironov, L. Kulakov, “Scanning of optical images in the presence of acousto-optic light filtering,” J. Commun. Technol. Electron. 34, 54–59 (1989).

J. Opt. Soc. Am. (1)

Opt. Spectrosc. (1)

V. Voloshinov, O. Mironov, E. Trotz, “Optical flux at output of tunable acousto-optic filters,” Opt. Spectrosc. 71, 306–309 (1991).

Sov. Tech. Phys. Lett. (1)

I. Belikov, V. Voloshinov, A. Kasyanov, V. Parygin, “Acousto-optic spectral filtration of radiation in the ultraviolet region,” Sov. Tech. Phys. Lett. 16, 645–650 (1989).

Ultrasound (1)

V. Voloshinov, “Anisotropic light diffraction on ultrasound in tellurium dioxide single crystal,” Ultrasound 31, 333–338 (1993).

Other (13)

V. Voloshinov, N. Gupta, “Tunable acousto-optic filters for monitoring of atmospheric ozone,” in Instrumentation for Air Pollution and Global Atmospheric Monitoring, J. O. Jensen, ed., Proc. SPIE4574, 162–173 (2002).
[CrossRef]

A. Ponomarev, I. Rodionov, G. Teterin, “Wide aperture acousto-optic tunable filters for visible and UV lights,” in Fiber Optic Network Components, S. Najafi, H. Porte, eds., Proc. SPIE2449, 200–207 (1995).
[CrossRef]

I. C. Chang, J. Xu, “High performance AOTFs for the ultraviolet,” in Proceedings of the IEEE Ultrasonics Symposium, S. C. Schneider, M. Levy, B. R. McAvoy, eds. (Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers, Piscataway, N. J., 1998), pp. 1289–1292.

F. Zernike, J. Midwinter, Applied Nonlinear Optics (Wiley, New York, 1973).

V. Voloshinov, “Acousto-optic filtration of electromagnetic radiation in the ultraviolet region,” in Physical Acoustics: Fundamentals and Applications, O. Leroy, M. Breazeale, eds. (Plenum, New York, (1991), 665–670.

P. Katzka, I. C. Chang, “Non-collinear acousto-optic filter for the ultraviolet,” in Infrared Technology for Target Detection and Classification, P. M. Narendra, ed., Proc. SPIE202, 26–32 (1979).

A. Yariv, P. Yeh, Optical Waves in Crystals (Wiley, New York, 1984).

J. Xu, R. Stroud, Acousto-Optic Devices (Wiley, New York, 1992).

A. Goutzoulis, D. Pape, Designing and Fabrication of Acousto-Optic Devices (Marcel Dekker, New York, 1994).

N. J. Berg, J. M. Pellegrino, Acousto-Optic Signal Processing: Theory and Implementation (Marcel Dekker, New York, 1996).

I. C. Chang, “Tunable acousto-optic filters: an overview,” in Acousto-Optics: Device Development/Instrumentation/Applications, J. B. Houston, ed., Proc. SPIE90, 12–22 (1976).
[CrossRef]

V. Voloshinov, N. Gupta, “Acousto-optic imaging in the middle infrared region of spectrum,” in 3rd International Conference on Optical Information Processing, Y. V. Gulyaev, ed., Proc. SPIE3900, 68–73 (1999).
[CrossRef]

V. Voloshinov, “Imaging experiments based on application of non-collinear tunable acousto-optic filters,” in 27th AIPR Workshop: Advances in Computer-Assisted Recognition, R. J. Mericsko, ed., Proc. SPIE3584, 116–127 (1998).
[CrossRef]

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Figures (9)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

Acoustic phase velocity V and walk-off angle ψ in a (010) plane as a function of tilt angle.

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

Wave vector diagram for wide-angle AO interaction in a single crystal of KDP.

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

Frequency dependence of angles of incidence for both ordinary (o) and extraordinary (e) incident waves.

Fig. 4
Fig. 4

Tuning curves for the filter with dispersion (solid curve) and without dispersion (dashed curve) for a 6° tilt angle.

Fig. 5
Fig. 5

Layout of the UV AOTF cell.

Fig. 6
Fig. 6

Frequency dependence of the relative acoustic power in the cell.

Fig. 7
Fig. 7

Calculated and measured frequency dependence of the incidence angles. Pluses, measured values of the incidence angles for an ordinary polarized 633-nm He-Ne beam.

Fig. 8
Fig. 8

Frequency dependence of the filter transmission coefficient. Spectral bandpass Δf is marked at FWHM points.

Fig. 9
Fig. 9

Dependence of the transmission coefficient on rf power. Curve 1, measurements at 532 nm; curve 2 was calculated for 250 nm.

Equations (16)

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Vα=V1002cos2 α+V0012sin2 α1/2,
ψ=arctanV001V1002 tanα-α.
nd=noneno2 sin2θd+α+ne2 cos2θd+α1/2,
nd=no1-Δn/nosin2θd+α.
no cos θ=nd cos θd.
θd=arccosno/necos θ.
Δθ=Δn/nosin2θ+αcot θd.
f=Vαλno2-nd2 cos2 θd1/2-nd sinθd.
f=ΔnV/λsin2θd+αsin θd.
Δf0.8Vαl cosψnoVαcosψ-θ0-λf0 sin ψnoVαsin θ0-λf0,
Δf  0.8Vα1+tan θ0 tan ψ/l tan θ0.
Δλ=λΔf/f0.
Δλ0.8λ2 cos θ0Δnl sin2θd+α.
T=100%sin2πλM2Pl2dcos ψcosψ-θ0,
M2=peff2nd3no3ρV3,
peff=p66 cos α cosθ0+α+p44 sin α sinθ0+α.

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