Abstract

MIPAS-B2 is a balloon-borne limb-emission sounder for atmospheric research. The heart of the instrument is a Fourier spectrometer that covers the mid-infrared spectral range (4–14 μm) and operates at cryogenic temperatures. Essential for this application is the sophisticated line-of-sight stabilization system, which is based on an inertial navigation system and is supplemented with an additional star reference system. The major scientific benefit of the instrument is the simultaneous detection of complete trace gas families in the stratosphere without restrictions concerning the time of day and viewing directions. The specifications, the design considerations, the actual realization of the instrument, and the results of characterization measurements that have been performed are described.

© 2004 Optical Society of America

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2003 (2)

J. T. Evans, M. P. Chipperfield, H. Oelhaf, M. Stowasser, G. Wetzel, “Effect of near-IR photolysis of HO2NO2 on stratospheric chemistry,” Geophys. Res. Lett. 30, 1223–1227, 10.1029/2002GL016470 (2003).
[Crossref]

H. Kanzawa, T. Sugita, H. Nakajima, G. E. Bodeker, H. Oelhaf, M. Stowasser, G. Wetzel, A. Engel, U. Schmidt, I. Levin, G. C. Toon, B. Sen, J.-F. Blavier, S. Aoki, T. Nakazawa, K. W. Jucks, D. G. Johnson, W. A. Traub, C. Camy-Peyret, S. Payan, P. Jeseck, I. Murata, H. Fukunishi, M. von Koenig, H. Bremer, H. Kuellmann, J. H. Park, L. L. Pan, T. Yokota, M. Suzuki, M. Shiotani, Y. Sasano, “Validation and data characteristics of nitrous oxide and methane profiles observed by the Improved Limb Atmospheric Spectrometer (ILAS) and processed with the Version 5.20 algorithm,” J. Geophys. Res. 108(D16), 8003–8038, 10.1029/2002JD002458 (2003).

2002 (3)

H. Irie, Y. Kondo, M. Koike, M. Y. Danilin, C. Camy-Peyret, S. Payan, J. P. Pommereau, F. Goutail, J.-B. Renard, H. Oelhaf, G. Wetzel, G. C. Toon, B. Sen, J.-F. Blavier, R. Salawitch, R. M. Bevilacqua, J. M. Russell, H Kanzawa, H. Nakajima, Y. Yokota, T. Sugita, Y. Sasano, “Validation of NO2 and HNO3 measurements from the Improved Limb Atmospheric Spectrometer (ILAS) with the version 5.20 retrieval algorithm,” J. Geophys. Res. 107(D24), 8206–8217, 10.1029/2001JD001304 (2002).

G. Wetzel, H. Oelhaf, R. Ruhnke, F. Friedl-Vallon, A. Kleinert, W. Kouker, G. Maucher, Th. Reddmann, M. Seefeldner, M. Stowasser, O. Trieschmann, T. von Clarmann, H. Fischer, “NO2 partitioning and budget and its correlation with N2O in the Arctic vortex and in summer mid-latitudes in 1997,” J. Geophys. Res. 107(D16), 4280–4290, 10.1029/2001JD000916 (2002).

M. Stowasser, H. Oelhaf, R. Ruhnke, M. Chipperfield, G. Wetzel, F. Friedl-Vallon, A. Kleinert, A. Lengel, W. Kouker, G. Maucher, H. Nordmeyer, O. Trieschmann, T. v. Clarmann, H. Fischer, “A characterisation of the warm 1999 Arctic winter, by observations and modelling: NOy partitioning and dynamics,” J. Geophys. Res. 107(D19), 4376–4386 (2002).
[Crossref]

2000 (3)

G. Becker, R. Müller, D. S. McKenna, M. Rex, K. S. Carslaw, H. Oelhaf, “Ozone loss rates in the Arctic stratosphere in the winter 1994/95: model calculations underestimate results of the Match analysis,” J. Geophys. Res. 105, 15175–15184 (2000).
[Crossref]

M. Koike, Y. Kondo, H. Irie, F. J. Murcray, J. Williams, P. Fogal, R. Blatherwick, C. Camy-Peyret, S. Payan, H. Oelhaf, G. Wetzel, W. Traub, D. Johnson, K. Jucks, G. C. Toon, B. Sen, J.-F. Blavier, H. Schlager, H. Ziereis, N. Toriyama, M. Y. Danilin, J. M. Rodriguez, H. Kanzawa, Y. Sasano, “A comparison of Arctic HNO3 profiles measured by the Improved Limb Atmospheric Spectrometer and balloon-borne sensors,” J. Geophys. Res. 105(D5), 6761–6771 (2000).
[Crossref]

O. Trieschmann, Ch. Weddigen, “Thermal emission from dielectric beam splitters in Michelson interferometers: a schematic analysis,” Appl. Opt. 39, 5834–5842 (2000).
[Crossref]

1999 (3)

B. Carli, L. Palchetti, P. Raspollini, “Effect of beam-splitter emission in Fourier transform spectroscopy,” Appl. Opt. 38, 7475–7480 (1999).
[Crossref]

A. E. Waibel, Th. Peter, K. S. Carslaw, H. Oelhaf, G. Wetzel, P. J. Crutzen, U. Pöschl, A. Tsias, E. Reimer, H. Fischer, “Arctic ozone loss due to denitrification,” Science 283, 2064–2068 (1999).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

M. Stowasser, H. Oelhaf, G. Wetzel, F. Friedl-Vallon, G. Maucher, M. Seefeldner, O. Trieschmann, T. v. Clarmann, H. Fischer, “Simultaneous measurements of HDO, H2O and CH4 with MIPAS-B: hydrogen budget and indication of dehydration inside the polar vortex,” J. Geophys. Res. 104, 19213–19255 (1999).
[Crossref]

1998 (2)

T. Sugita, Y. Kondo, H. Nakajima, U. Schmidt, A. Engel, H. Oelhaf, G. Wetzel, “Denitrification observed inside the Arctic vortex in February 1995,” J. Geophys. Res. 103, 16221–16233 (1998).
[Crossref]

M. Hoepfner, C. E. Blom, H. Fischer, N. Glatthor, T. Gulde, C. Piesch, W. Renger, M. Wirth, “HNO3 and PSC Measurements from the TRANSALL: sequestering of HNO3 in the Winter of 1994/95,” J. Atmos. Chem. 30, 61–80 (1998).
[Crossref]

1997 (2)

G. Wetzel, H. Oelhaf, T. von Clarmann, H. Fischer, F. Friedl-Vallon, G. Maucher, M. Seefeldner, O. Trieschmann, F. Lefèvre, “Vertical profiles of N2O5, HO2NO2, and NO2 inside the Arctic vortex, retrieved from nocturnal MIPAS-B2 infrared limb emission measurements in February 1995,” J. Geophys. Res. 102(D15), 19177–19186 (1997).
[Crossref]

T. von Clarmann, G. Wetzel, H. Oelhaf, F. Friedl-Vallon, A. Linden, G. Maucher, M. Seefeldner, O. Trieschmann, F. Lefèvre, “ClONO2 vertical profile and estimated mixing ratios of ClO and HOCl in the winter Arctic stratosphere from MIPAS limb emission spectra,” J. Geophys. Res. 102, 16157–16168 (1997).
[Crossref]

1996 (5)

1995 (3)

D. G. Johnson, K. W. Jucks, W. A. Traub, K. V. Chance, “Smithsonian stratospheric far-infrared spectrometer and data reduction system,” J. Geophys. Res. 100, 3091–3106 (1995).
[Crossref]

G. Wetzel, T. von Clarmann, H. Oelhaf, H. Fischer, “Vertical profiles of N2O5 along with CH4, N2O, and H2O in the late Arctic winter retrieved from MIPAS-B infrared limb emission measurements,” J. Geophys. Res. 100, 23173–23181 (1995).
[Crossref]

T. von Clarmann, A. Linden, H. Oelhaf, H. Fischer, F. Friedl-Vallon, C. Piesch, M. Seefeldner, W. Völker, R. Bauer, A. Engel, U. Schmidt, “Determination of the stratospheric organic chlorine budget in the spring arctic vortex from MIPAS-B limb emission spectra and air sampling experiments,” J. Geophys. Res. 100, 13979–13997 (1995).
[Crossref]

1994 (3)

H. Oelhaf, T. von Clarmann, H. Fischer, F. Friedl-Vallon, C. Fritzsche, A. Linden, C. Piesch, M. Seefeldner, W. Völker, “Stratospheric ClONO2 and HNO3 profiles inside the Arctic vortex from MIPAS-B limb emission spectra obtained during EASOE,” Geophys. Res. Lett. 21, 1263–1266 (1994).
[Crossref]

R. Müller, Th. Peter, P. J. Crutzen, H. Oelhaf, G. P. Adrian, T. von Clarmann, A. Wegner, U. Schmidt, D. Lary, “Chlorine chemistry and the potential for ozone depletion in the arctic stratosphere in the winter of 1991/1992,” Geophys. Res. Lett. 21, 1427–1430 (1994).
[Crossref]

G. Echle, H. Oelhaf, A. Wegner, “On the potential of IR limb emission spectroscopy for the measurement of the stratospheric composition,” J. Quant. Spectrosc. Radiat. Transfer 52, 253–265 (1994).
[Crossref]

1993 (1)

C. Camy-Peyret, J. M. Flaud, A. Perrin, C. P. Rinsland, A. Goldmann, F. Murcray, “Stratospheric N2O5, CH4, and N2O profiles from IR solar occultation spectra,” J. Atmos. Chem. 16, 31–40 (1993).
[Crossref]

1991 (1)

G. C. Toon, “The JPL MkIV Interferometer,” Opt. Photonics News 2(10), 19–21 (1991).
[Crossref]

1988 (2)

1987 (1)

F. Smulowicz, F. L. Madarsz, “Blocked impurity band detectors—an analytic model: figures of merit,” J. Appl. Phys. 62, 2533–2540 (1987).
[Crossref]

1984 (2)

F. H. Murcray, F. J. Murcray, D. G. Murcray, J. Pritchard, G. Vanasse, H. Sakai, “Liquid nitrogen-cooled Fourier transform spectrometer system for measuring atmospheric emission at high altitudes,” J. Atmos. Ocean. Technol. 1, 351–357, 1984.
[Crossref]

B. Carli, F. Mencaraglia, A. Bonetti, “Submillimeter high-resolution FT spectrometer for atmospheric studies,” Appl. Opt. 23, 2594–2603 (1984).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

1983 (3)

H. Fischer, F. Fergg, H. Oelhaf, D. Rabus, W. Völker, “Simultaneous detection of trace constituents in the middle atmosphere with a small He-cooled high resolution Michelson interferometer (MIPAS),” Beitr. Phys. Atmos. 56(2), 260–275 (1983).

P. Burkert, F. Fergg, H. Fischer, “A compact high-resolution Michelson Interferometer for Passive Atmospheric Sounding (MIPAS),” IEEE Trans. Geosci. Remote Sens. GE-21, 345–349 (1983).
[Crossref]

H. Oelhaf, H. Fischer, “Measurements of minor constituents in the middle atmosphere from IR limb emission spectra: a feasibility study,” Appl. Opt. 22, 2515–2518 (1983).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

1982 (1)

1981 (1)

M. T. Coffey, W. G. Mankin, A. Goldman, “Simultaneous spectroscopic determination of the latitudinal, seasonal, and diurnal variability of stratospheric N2O, NO2, and HNO3,” J. Geophys. Res. 86, 7331–7341 (1981).
[Crossref]

1979 (1)

D. G. Murcray, A. Goldmann, F. H. Murcray, W. J. Williams, “Stratospheric distribution of ClONO2,” Geophys. Res. Lett. 6, 857–859 (1979).
[Crossref]

1976 (1)

C. B. Farmer, O. F. Raper, R. Norton, “Spectroscopic detection and vertical distribution of HCl in the troposphere and lower stratosphere,” Geophys. Res. Lett. 3, 13–16 (1976).
[Crossref]

1966 (1)

Abbas, M. M.

M. R. Gunson, M. M. Abbas, M. C. Abrams, M. Allen, L. R. Brown, T. L. Brown, A. Y. Chang, A. Goldman, F. W. Irion, L. L. Lowes, E. Mahieu, G. L. Manney, H. A. Michelsen, M. J. Newchurch, C. P. Rinsland, R. J. Salawitch, G. P. Stiller, G. C. Toon, Y. L. Yung, R. Zander, “The Atmospheric Trace Molecule Spectroscopy (ATMOS) experiment: deployment on the ATLAS Space Shuttle missions,” Geophys. Res. Lett. 23, 2333–2336 (1996).
[Crossref]

Abrams, M. C.

M. R. Gunson, M. M. Abbas, M. C. Abrams, M. Allen, L. R. Brown, T. L. Brown, A. Y. Chang, A. Goldman, F. W. Irion, L. L. Lowes, E. Mahieu, G. L. Manney, H. A. Michelsen, M. J. Newchurch, C. P. Rinsland, R. J. Salawitch, G. P. Stiller, G. C. Toon, Y. L. Yung, R. Zander, “The Atmospheric Trace Molecule Spectroscopy (ATMOS) experiment: deployment on the ATLAS Space Shuttle missions,” Geophys. Res. Lett. 23, 2333–2336 (1996).
[Crossref]

Adrian, G. P.

R. Müller, Th. Peter, P. J. Crutzen, H. Oelhaf, G. P. Adrian, T. von Clarmann, A. Wegner, U. Schmidt, D. Lary, “Chlorine chemistry and the potential for ozone depletion in the arctic stratosphere in the winter of 1991/1992,” Geophys. Res. Lett. 21, 1427–1430 (1994).
[Crossref]

Allen, M.

M. R. Gunson, M. M. Abbas, M. C. Abrams, M. Allen, L. R. Brown, T. L. Brown, A. Y. Chang, A. Goldman, F. W. Irion, L. L. Lowes, E. Mahieu, G. L. Manney, H. A. Michelsen, M. J. Newchurch, C. P. Rinsland, R. J. Salawitch, G. P. Stiller, G. C. Toon, Y. L. Yung, R. Zander, “The Atmospheric Trace Molecule Spectroscopy (ATMOS) experiment: deployment on the ATLAS Space Shuttle missions,” Geophys. Res. Lett. 23, 2333–2336 (1996).
[Crossref]

Aoki, S.

H. Kanzawa, T. Sugita, H. Nakajima, G. E. Bodeker, H. Oelhaf, M. Stowasser, G. Wetzel, A. Engel, U. Schmidt, I. Levin, G. C. Toon, B. Sen, J.-F. Blavier, S. Aoki, T. Nakazawa, K. W. Jucks, D. G. Johnson, W. A. Traub, C. Camy-Peyret, S. Payan, P. Jeseck, I. Murata, H. Fukunishi, M. von Koenig, H. Bremer, H. Kuellmann, J. H. Park, L. L. Pan, T. Yokota, M. Suzuki, M. Shiotani, Y. Sasano, “Validation and data characteristics of nitrous oxide and methane profiles observed by the Improved Limb Atmospheric Spectrometer (ILAS) and processed with the Version 5.20 algorithm,” J. Geophys. Res. 108(D16), 8003–8038, 10.1029/2002JD002458 (2003).

Battistini, E.

E. Battistini, B. M. Dinelli, M. Carlotti, B. Carli, P. Raspollini, M. Ridolfi, F. Friedl-Vallon, M. Hoepfner, H. Oelhaf, O. Trieschmann, G. Wetzel, “Performances of MIPAS/ENVISAT Level 2 inversion algorithm with data measured by the balloon instrument MIPAS-B,” in Proceedings of the International Radiation Symposium, W. L. Smith, Y. M. Timofeyev, eds. (Deepak, Hampton, Va., 2001), pp. 361–364.

Bauer, R.

T. von Clarmann, A. Linden, H. Oelhaf, H. Fischer, F. Friedl-Vallon, C. Piesch, M. Seefeldner, W. Völker, R. Bauer, A. Engel, U. Schmidt, “Determination of the stratospheric organic chlorine budget in the spring arctic vortex from MIPAS-B limb emission spectra and air sampling experiments,” J. Geophys. Res. 100, 13979–13997 (1995).
[Crossref]

Becker, G.

G. Becker, R. Müller, D. S. McKenna, M. Rex, K. S. Carslaw, H. Oelhaf, “Ozone loss rates in the Arctic stratosphere in the winter 1994/95: model calculations underestimate results of the Match analysis,” J. Geophys. Res. 105, 15175–15184 (2000).
[Crossref]

Bevilacqua, R. M.

H. Irie, Y. Kondo, M. Koike, M. Y. Danilin, C. Camy-Peyret, S. Payan, J. P. Pommereau, F. Goutail, J.-B. Renard, H. Oelhaf, G. Wetzel, G. C. Toon, B. Sen, J.-F. Blavier, R. Salawitch, R. M. Bevilacqua, J. M. Russell, H Kanzawa, H. Nakajima, Y. Yokota, T. Sugita, Y. Sasano, “Validation of NO2 and HNO3 measurements from the Improved Limb Atmospheric Spectrometer (ILAS) with the version 5.20 retrieval algorithm,” J. Geophys. Res. 107(D24), 8206–8217, 10.1029/2001JD001304 (2002).

Birk, M.

H. Oelhaf, G. Wetzel, M. Höpfner, F. Friedl-Vallon, N. Glatthor, G. Maucher, G. Stiller, O. Trieschmann, Th. von Clarmann, M. Birk, G. Wagner, “Interconsistency checks of ClONO2 retrievals from MIPAS-B spectra by using different bands and spectroscopic parameters,” in Proceedings of the International Radiation Symposium, W. L. Smith, Y. M. Timofeyev, eds. (Deepak, Hampton, Va., 2001), pp. 615–618.

Blatherwick, R.

M. Koike, Y. Kondo, H. Irie, F. J. Murcray, J. Williams, P. Fogal, R. Blatherwick, C. Camy-Peyret, S. Payan, H. Oelhaf, G. Wetzel, W. Traub, D. Johnson, K. Jucks, G. C. Toon, B. Sen, J.-F. Blavier, H. Schlager, H. Ziereis, N. Toriyama, M. Y. Danilin, J. M. Rodriguez, H. Kanzawa, Y. Sasano, “A comparison of Arctic HNO3 profiles measured by the Improved Limb Atmospheric Spectrometer and balloon-borne sensors,” J. Geophys. Res. 105(D5), 6761–6771 (2000).
[Crossref]

Blavier, J.-F.

H. Kanzawa, T. Sugita, H. Nakajima, G. E. Bodeker, H. Oelhaf, M. Stowasser, G. Wetzel, A. Engel, U. Schmidt, I. Levin, G. C. Toon, B. Sen, J.-F. Blavier, S. Aoki, T. Nakazawa, K. W. Jucks, D. G. Johnson, W. A. Traub, C. Camy-Peyret, S. Payan, P. Jeseck, I. Murata, H. Fukunishi, M. von Koenig, H. Bremer, H. Kuellmann, J. H. Park, L. L. Pan, T. Yokota, M. Suzuki, M. Shiotani, Y. Sasano, “Validation and data characteristics of nitrous oxide and methane profiles observed by the Improved Limb Atmospheric Spectrometer (ILAS) and processed with the Version 5.20 algorithm,” J. Geophys. Res. 108(D16), 8003–8038, 10.1029/2002JD002458 (2003).

H. Irie, Y. Kondo, M. Koike, M. Y. Danilin, C. Camy-Peyret, S. Payan, J. P. Pommereau, F. Goutail, J.-B. Renard, H. Oelhaf, G. Wetzel, G. C. Toon, B. Sen, J.-F. Blavier, R. Salawitch, R. M. Bevilacqua, J. M. Russell, H Kanzawa, H. Nakajima, Y. Yokota, T. Sugita, Y. Sasano, “Validation of NO2 and HNO3 measurements from the Improved Limb Atmospheric Spectrometer (ILAS) with the version 5.20 retrieval algorithm,” J. Geophys. Res. 107(D24), 8206–8217, 10.1029/2001JD001304 (2002).

M. Koike, Y. Kondo, H. Irie, F. J. Murcray, J. Williams, P. Fogal, R. Blatherwick, C. Camy-Peyret, S. Payan, H. Oelhaf, G. Wetzel, W. Traub, D. Johnson, K. Jucks, G. C. Toon, B. Sen, J.-F. Blavier, H. Schlager, H. Ziereis, N. Toriyama, M. Y. Danilin, J. M. Rodriguez, H. Kanzawa, Y. Sasano, “A comparison of Arctic HNO3 profiles measured by the Improved Limb Atmospheric Spectrometer and balloon-borne sensors,” J. Geophys. Res. 105(D5), 6761–6771 (2000).
[Crossref]

Blom, C.

H. Fischer, C. Blom, H. Oelhaf, B. Carli, M. Carlotti, L. Delbouille, D. Ehhalt, J.-M. Flaud, I. Isaksen, M. Lopez-Puertas, C. T. McElroy, R. Zander, Envisat—MIPAS, the Michelson Interferometer for Passive Atmospheric Sounding; An instrument for atmospheric chemistry and climate research, ESA SP-1229C. Readings, R. A. Harris, eds. (European Space Agency, Noordwijk, The Netherlands, 2000).

Blom, C. E.

M. Hoepfner, C. E. Blom, H. Fischer, N. Glatthor, T. Gulde, C. Piesch, W. Renger, M. Wirth, “HNO3 and PSC Measurements from the TRANSALL: sequestering of HNO3 in the Winter of 1994/95,” J. Atmos. Chem. 30, 61–80 (1998).
[Crossref]

C. E. Blom, M. Höpfner, Ch. Weddigen, “Correction of phase anomalies of atmospheric emission spectra by the double-differencing method,” Appl. Opt. 35, 2649–2652 (1996).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

C. Piesch, T. Gulde, C. Sartorius, F. Friedl-Vallon, M. Seefeldner, M. Wölfel, C. E. Blom, H. Fischer, “Design of a MIPAS instrument for high-altitude aircraft,” Proceedings of the Second International Airborne Remote Sensing Conference and Exhibition [Environmental Research Institute of Michigan (ERIM), Ann Arbor, Mich., 1996] Vol. II, pp. 199–208.

Bodeker, G. E.

H. Kanzawa, T. Sugita, H. Nakajima, G. E. Bodeker, H. Oelhaf, M. Stowasser, G. Wetzel, A. Engel, U. Schmidt, I. Levin, G. C. Toon, B. Sen, J.-F. Blavier, S. Aoki, T. Nakazawa, K. W. Jucks, D. G. Johnson, W. A. Traub, C. Camy-Peyret, S. Payan, P. Jeseck, I. Murata, H. Fukunishi, M. von Koenig, H. Bremer, H. Kuellmann, J. H. Park, L. L. Pan, T. Yokota, M. Suzuki, M. Shiotani, Y. Sasano, “Validation and data characteristics of nitrous oxide and methane profiles observed by the Improved Limb Atmospheric Spectrometer (ILAS) and processed with the Version 5.20 algorithm,” J. Geophys. Res. 108(D16), 8003–8038, 10.1029/2002JD002458 (2003).

Bonetti, A.

Brasunas, J. C.

Brault, J. W.

Bremer, H.

H. Kanzawa, T. Sugita, H. Nakajima, G. E. Bodeker, H. Oelhaf, M. Stowasser, G. Wetzel, A. Engel, U. Schmidt, I. Levin, G. C. Toon, B. Sen, J.-F. Blavier, S. Aoki, T. Nakazawa, K. W. Jucks, D. G. Johnson, W. A. Traub, C. Camy-Peyret, S. Payan, P. Jeseck, I. Murata, H. Fukunishi, M. von Koenig, H. Bremer, H. Kuellmann, J. H. Park, L. L. Pan, T. Yokota, M. Suzuki, M. Shiotani, Y. Sasano, “Validation and data characteristics of nitrous oxide and methane profiles observed by the Improved Limb Atmospheric Spectrometer (ILAS) and processed with the Version 5.20 algorithm,” J. Geophys. Res. 108(D16), 8003–8038, 10.1029/2002JD002458 (2003).

Brown, L. R.

M. R. Gunson, M. M. Abbas, M. C. Abrams, M. Allen, L. R. Brown, T. L. Brown, A. Y. Chang, A. Goldman, F. W. Irion, L. L. Lowes, E. Mahieu, G. L. Manney, H. A. Michelsen, M. J. Newchurch, C. P. Rinsland, R. J. Salawitch, G. P. Stiller, G. C. Toon, Y. L. Yung, R. Zander, “The Atmospheric Trace Molecule Spectroscopy (ATMOS) experiment: deployment on the ATLAS Space Shuttle missions,” Geophys. Res. Lett. 23, 2333–2336 (1996).
[Crossref]

Brown, T. L.

M. R. Gunson, M. M. Abbas, M. C. Abrams, M. Allen, L. R. Brown, T. L. Brown, A. Y. Chang, A. Goldman, F. W. Irion, L. L. Lowes, E. Mahieu, G. L. Manney, H. A. Michelsen, M. J. Newchurch, C. P. Rinsland, R. J. Salawitch, G. P. Stiller, G. C. Toon, Y. L. Yung, R. Zander, “The Atmospheric Trace Molecule Spectroscopy (ATMOS) experiment: deployment on the ATLAS Space Shuttle missions,” Geophys. Res. Lett. 23, 2333–2336 (1996).
[Crossref]

Broxmeyer, C.

C. Broxmeyer, Inertial Navigation Systems (McGraw-Hill, New York, 1964).

Buijs, H.

Burkert, P.

P. Burkert, F. Fergg, H. Fischer, “A compact high-resolution Michelson Interferometer for Passive Atmospheric Sounding (MIPAS),” IEEE Trans. Geosci. Remote Sens. GE-21, 345–349 (1983).
[Crossref]

Camy-Peyret, C.

H. Kanzawa, T. Sugita, H. Nakajima, G. E. Bodeker, H. Oelhaf, M. Stowasser, G. Wetzel, A. Engel, U. Schmidt, I. Levin, G. C. Toon, B. Sen, J.-F. Blavier, S. Aoki, T. Nakazawa, K. W. Jucks, D. G. Johnson, W. A. Traub, C. Camy-Peyret, S. Payan, P. Jeseck, I. Murata, H. Fukunishi, M. von Koenig, H. Bremer, H. Kuellmann, J. H. Park, L. L. Pan, T. Yokota, M. Suzuki, M. Shiotani, Y. Sasano, “Validation and data characteristics of nitrous oxide and methane profiles observed by the Improved Limb Atmospheric Spectrometer (ILAS) and processed with the Version 5.20 algorithm,” J. Geophys. Res. 108(D16), 8003–8038, 10.1029/2002JD002458 (2003).

H. Irie, Y. Kondo, M. Koike, M. Y. Danilin, C. Camy-Peyret, S. Payan, J. P. Pommereau, F. Goutail, J.-B. Renard, H. Oelhaf, G. Wetzel, G. C. Toon, B. Sen, J.-F. Blavier, R. Salawitch, R. M. Bevilacqua, J. M. Russell, H Kanzawa, H. Nakajima, Y. Yokota, T. Sugita, Y. Sasano, “Validation of NO2 and HNO3 measurements from the Improved Limb Atmospheric Spectrometer (ILAS) with the version 5.20 retrieval algorithm,” J. Geophys. Res. 107(D24), 8206–8217, 10.1029/2001JD001304 (2002).

M. Koike, Y. Kondo, H. Irie, F. J. Murcray, J. Williams, P. Fogal, R. Blatherwick, C. Camy-Peyret, S. Payan, H. Oelhaf, G. Wetzel, W. Traub, D. Johnson, K. Jucks, G. C. Toon, B. Sen, J.-F. Blavier, H. Schlager, H. Ziereis, N. Toriyama, M. Y. Danilin, J. M. Rodriguez, H. Kanzawa, Y. Sasano, “A comparison of Arctic HNO3 profiles measured by the Improved Limb Atmospheric Spectrometer and balloon-borne sensors,” J. Geophys. Res. 105(D5), 6761–6771 (2000).
[Crossref]

C. Camy-Peyret, J. M. Flaud, A. Perrin, C. P. Rinsland, A. Goldmann, F. Murcray, “Stratospheric N2O5, CH4, and N2O profiles from IR solar occultation spectra,” J. Atmos. Chem. 16, 31–40 (1993).
[Crossref]

Carli, B.

B. Carli, L. Palchetti, P. Raspollini, “Effect of beam-splitter emission in Fourier transform spectroscopy,” Appl. Opt. 38, 7475–7480 (1999).
[Crossref]

B. Carli, F. Mencaraglia, A. Bonetti, “Submillimeter high-resolution FT spectrometer for atmospheric studies,” Appl. Opt. 23, 2594–2603 (1984).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

E. Battistini, B. M. Dinelli, M. Carlotti, B. Carli, P. Raspollini, M. Ridolfi, F. Friedl-Vallon, M. Hoepfner, H. Oelhaf, O. Trieschmann, G. Wetzel, “Performances of MIPAS/ENVISAT Level 2 inversion algorithm with data measured by the balloon instrument MIPAS-B,” in Proceedings of the International Radiation Symposium, W. L. Smith, Y. M. Timofeyev, eds. (Deepak, Hampton, Va., 2001), pp. 361–364.

H. Fischer, C. Blom, H. Oelhaf, B. Carli, M. Carlotti, L. Delbouille, D. Ehhalt, J.-M. Flaud, I. Isaksen, M. Lopez-Puertas, C. T. McElroy, R. Zander, Envisat—MIPAS, the Michelson Interferometer for Passive Atmospheric Sounding; An instrument for atmospheric chemistry and climate research, ESA SP-1229C. Readings, R. A. Harris, eds. (European Space Agency, Noordwijk, The Netherlands, 2000).

Carlotti, M.

H. Fischer, C. Blom, H. Oelhaf, B. Carli, M. Carlotti, L. Delbouille, D. Ehhalt, J.-M. Flaud, I. Isaksen, M. Lopez-Puertas, C. T. McElroy, R. Zander, Envisat—MIPAS, the Michelson Interferometer for Passive Atmospheric Sounding; An instrument for atmospheric chemistry and climate research, ESA SP-1229C. Readings, R. A. Harris, eds. (European Space Agency, Noordwijk, The Netherlands, 2000).

E. Battistini, B. M. Dinelli, M. Carlotti, B. Carli, P. Raspollini, M. Ridolfi, F. Friedl-Vallon, M. Hoepfner, H. Oelhaf, O. Trieschmann, G. Wetzel, “Performances of MIPAS/ENVISAT Level 2 inversion algorithm with data measured by the balloon instrument MIPAS-B,” in Proceedings of the International Radiation Symposium, W. L. Smith, Y. M. Timofeyev, eds. (Deepak, Hampton, Va., 2001), pp. 361–364.

Carslaw, K.

K. Carslaw, H. Oelhaf, “Polar ozone,” in European Research in the Stratosphere, 1996–2000: Advances to Our Understanding of the Ozone Layer During THESEO, EUR 19867 (European Commission, Directorate-General Research, Environment and Sustainable Development, European Communities, Luxembourg, Luexembourg, 2001), pp. 69–132.

Carslaw, K. S.

G. Becker, R. Müller, D. S. McKenna, M. Rex, K. S. Carslaw, H. Oelhaf, “Ozone loss rates in the Arctic stratosphere in the winter 1994/95: model calculations underestimate results of the Match analysis,” J. Geophys. Res. 105, 15175–15184 (2000).
[Crossref]

A. E. Waibel, Th. Peter, K. S. Carslaw, H. Oelhaf, G. Wetzel, P. J. Crutzen, U. Pöschl, A. Tsias, E. Reimer, H. Fischer, “Arctic ozone loss due to denitrification,” Science 283, 2064–2068 (1999).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Chance, K. V.

D. G. Johnson, K. W. Jucks, W. A. Traub, K. V. Chance, “Smithsonian stratospheric far-infrared spectrometer and data reduction system,” J. Geophys. Res. 100, 3091–3106 (1995).
[Crossref]

Chang, A. Y.

M. R. Gunson, M. M. Abbas, M. C. Abrams, M. Allen, L. R. Brown, T. L. Brown, A. Y. Chang, A. Goldman, F. W. Irion, L. L. Lowes, E. Mahieu, G. L. Manney, H. A. Michelsen, M. J. Newchurch, C. P. Rinsland, R. J. Salawitch, G. P. Stiller, G. C. Toon, Y. L. Yung, R. Zander, “The Atmospheric Trace Molecule Spectroscopy (ATMOS) experiment: deployment on the ATLAS Space Shuttle missions,” Geophys. Res. Lett. 23, 2333–2336 (1996).
[Crossref]

Chipperfield, M.

M. Stowasser, H. Oelhaf, R. Ruhnke, M. Chipperfield, G. Wetzel, F. Friedl-Vallon, A. Kleinert, A. Lengel, W. Kouker, G. Maucher, H. Nordmeyer, O. Trieschmann, T. v. Clarmann, H. Fischer, “A characterisation of the warm 1999 Arctic winter, by observations and modelling: NOy partitioning and dynamics,” J. Geophys. Res. 107(D19), 4376–4386 (2002).
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Chipperfield, M. P.

J. T. Evans, M. P. Chipperfield, H. Oelhaf, M. Stowasser, G. Wetzel, “Effect of near-IR photolysis of HO2NO2 on stratospheric chemistry,” Geophys. Res. Lett. 30, 1223–1227, 10.1029/2002GL016470 (2003).
[Crossref]

Clarmann, T. v.

M. Stowasser, H. Oelhaf, R. Ruhnke, M. Chipperfield, G. Wetzel, F. Friedl-Vallon, A. Kleinert, A. Lengel, W. Kouker, G. Maucher, H. Nordmeyer, O. Trieschmann, T. v. Clarmann, H. Fischer, “A characterisation of the warm 1999 Arctic winter, by observations and modelling: NOy partitioning and dynamics,” J. Geophys. Res. 107(D19), 4376–4386 (2002).
[Crossref]

M. Stowasser, H. Oelhaf, G. Wetzel, F. Friedl-Vallon, G. Maucher, M. Seefeldner, O. Trieschmann, T. v. Clarmann, H. Fischer, “Simultaneous measurements of HDO, H2O and CH4 with MIPAS-B: hydrogen budget and indication of dehydration inside the polar vortex,” J. Geophys. Res. 104, 19213–19255 (1999).
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M. Höpfner, H. Oelhaf, G. Wetzel, F. Friedl-Vallon, A. Kleinert, A. Lengel, G. Maucher, H. Nordmeyer, N. Glatthor, G. Stiller, T. v. Clarmann, H. Fischer, C. Kröger, T. Deshler, “Evidence of scattering of tropospheric radiation by PSCs in mid-IR limb emission spectra: MIPAS-B observations and KOPRA simulations,” Geophys. Res. Lett.29, 1278–1281, 10.1029/2001GL014443 (2002).

G. P. Stiller, ed., with contributions from T. v. Clarmann, A. Dudhia, G. Echle, B. Funke, N. Glatthor, F. Hase, M. Höpfner, S. Kellmann, H. Kemnitzer, M. Kuntz, A. Linden, M. Linder, G. P. Stiller, S. Zorn, “The Karlsruhe Optimized and Precise Radiative transfer Algorithm (KOPRA),” Wissenschaftliche Berichte, Ber. 6487 (Forschungszentrum Karlsruhe, Karlsruhe, Germany, 2000).

Coffey, M. T.

M. T. Coffey, W. G. Mankin, A. Goldman, “Simultaneous spectroscopic determination of the latitudinal, seasonal, and diurnal variability of stratospheric N2O, NO2, and HNO3,” J. Geophys. Res. 86, 7331–7341 (1981).
[Crossref]

Crutzen, P. J.

A. E. Waibel, Th. Peter, K. S. Carslaw, H. Oelhaf, G. Wetzel, P. J. Crutzen, U. Pöschl, A. Tsias, E. Reimer, H. Fischer, “Arctic ozone loss due to denitrification,” Science 283, 2064–2068 (1999).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

R. Müller, Th. Peter, P. J. Crutzen, H. Oelhaf, G. P. Adrian, T. von Clarmann, A. Wegner, U. Schmidt, D. Lary, “Chlorine chemistry and the potential for ozone depletion in the arctic stratosphere in the winter of 1991/1992,” Geophys. Res. Lett. 21, 1427–1430 (1994).
[Crossref]

Danilin, M. Y.

H. Irie, Y. Kondo, M. Koike, M. Y. Danilin, C. Camy-Peyret, S. Payan, J. P. Pommereau, F. Goutail, J.-B. Renard, H. Oelhaf, G. Wetzel, G. C. Toon, B. Sen, J.-F. Blavier, R. Salawitch, R. M. Bevilacqua, J. M. Russell, H Kanzawa, H. Nakajima, Y. Yokota, T. Sugita, Y. Sasano, “Validation of NO2 and HNO3 measurements from the Improved Limb Atmospheric Spectrometer (ILAS) with the version 5.20 retrieval algorithm,” J. Geophys. Res. 107(D24), 8206–8217, 10.1029/2001JD001304 (2002).

M. Koike, Y. Kondo, H. Irie, F. J. Murcray, J. Williams, P. Fogal, R. Blatherwick, C. Camy-Peyret, S. Payan, H. Oelhaf, G. Wetzel, W. Traub, D. Johnson, K. Jucks, G. C. Toon, B. Sen, J.-F. Blavier, H. Schlager, H. Ziereis, N. Toriyama, M. Y. Danilin, J. M. Rodriguez, H. Kanzawa, Y. Sasano, “A comparison of Arctic HNO3 profiles measured by the Improved Limb Atmospheric Spectrometer and balloon-borne sensors,” J. Geophys. Res. 105(D5), 6761–6771 (2000).
[Crossref]

Delbouille, L.

H. Fischer, C. Blom, H. Oelhaf, B. Carli, M. Carlotti, L. Delbouille, D. Ehhalt, J.-M. Flaud, I. Isaksen, M. Lopez-Puertas, C. T. McElroy, R. Zander, Envisat—MIPAS, the Michelson Interferometer for Passive Atmospheric Sounding; An instrument for atmospheric chemistry and climate research, ESA SP-1229C. Readings, R. A. Harris, eds. (European Space Agency, Noordwijk, The Netherlands, 2000).

Deshler, T.

M. Höpfner, H. Oelhaf, G. Wetzel, F. Friedl-Vallon, A. Kleinert, A. Lengel, G. Maucher, H. Nordmeyer, N. Glatthor, G. Stiller, T. v. Clarmann, H. Fischer, C. Kröger, T. Deshler, “Evidence of scattering of tropospheric radiation by PSCs in mid-IR limb emission spectra: MIPAS-B observations and KOPRA simulations,” Geophys. Res. Lett.29, 1278–1281, 10.1029/2001GL014443 (2002).

Dinelli, B. M.

E. Battistini, B. M. Dinelli, M. Carlotti, B. Carli, P. Raspollini, M. Ridolfi, F. Friedl-Vallon, M. Hoepfner, H. Oelhaf, O. Trieschmann, G. Wetzel, “Performances of MIPAS/ENVISAT Level 2 inversion algorithm with data measured by the balloon instrument MIPAS-B,” in Proceedings of the International Radiation Symposium, W. L. Smith, Y. M. Timofeyev, eds. (Deepak, Hampton, Va., 2001), pp. 361–364.

Dudhia, A.

G. P. Stiller, ed., with contributions from T. v. Clarmann, A. Dudhia, G. Echle, B. Funke, N. Glatthor, F. Hase, M. Höpfner, S. Kellmann, H. Kemnitzer, M. Kuntz, A. Linden, M. Linder, G. P. Stiller, S. Zorn, “The Karlsruhe Optimized and Precise Radiative transfer Algorithm (KOPRA),” Wissenschaftliche Berichte, Ber. 6487 (Forschungszentrum Karlsruhe, Karlsruhe, Germany, 2000).

Echle, G.

G. Echle, H. Oelhaf, A. Wegner, “On the potential of IR limb emission spectroscopy for the measurement of the stratospheric composition,” J. Quant. Spectrosc. Radiat. Transfer 52, 253–265 (1994).
[Crossref]

G. P. Stiller, ed., with contributions from T. v. Clarmann, A. Dudhia, G. Echle, B. Funke, N. Glatthor, F. Hase, M. Höpfner, S. Kellmann, H. Kemnitzer, M. Kuntz, A. Linden, M. Linder, G. P. Stiller, S. Zorn, “The Karlsruhe Optimized and Precise Radiative transfer Algorithm (KOPRA),” Wissenschaftliche Berichte, Ber. 6487 (Forschungszentrum Karlsruhe, Karlsruhe, Germany, 2000).

Ehhalt, D.

H. Fischer, C. Blom, H. Oelhaf, B. Carli, M. Carlotti, L. Delbouille, D. Ehhalt, J.-M. Flaud, I. Isaksen, M. Lopez-Puertas, C. T. McElroy, R. Zander, Envisat—MIPAS, the Michelson Interferometer for Passive Atmospheric Sounding; An instrument for atmospheric chemistry and climate research, ESA SP-1229C. Readings, R. A. Harris, eds. (European Space Agency, Noordwijk, The Netherlands, 2000).

Engel, A.

H. Kanzawa, T. Sugita, H. Nakajima, G. E. Bodeker, H. Oelhaf, M. Stowasser, G. Wetzel, A. Engel, U. Schmidt, I. Levin, G. C. Toon, B. Sen, J.-F. Blavier, S. Aoki, T. Nakazawa, K. W. Jucks, D. G. Johnson, W. A. Traub, C. Camy-Peyret, S. Payan, P. Jeseck, I. Murata, H. Fukunishi, M. von Koenig, H. Bremer, H. Kuellmann, J. H. Park, L. L. Pan, T. Yokota, M. Suzuki, M. Shiotani, Y. Sasano, “Validation and data characteristics of nitrous oxide and methane profiles observed by the Improved Limb Atmospheric Spectrometer (ILAS) and processed with the Version 5.20 algorithm,” J. Geophys. Res. 108(D16), 8003–8038, 10.1029/2002JD002458 (2003).

T. Sugita, Y. Kondo, H. Nakajima, U. Schmidt, A. Engel, H. Oelhaf, G. Wetzel, “Denitrification observed inside the Arctic vortex in February 1995,” J. Geophys. Res. 103, 16221–16233 (1998).
[Crossref]

T. von Clarmann, A. Linden, H. Oelhaf, H. Fischer, F. Friedl-Vallon, C. Piesch, M. Seefeldner, W. Völker, R. Bauer, A. Engel, U. Schmidt, “Determination of the stratospheric organic chlorine budget in the spring arctic vortex from MIPAS-B limb emission spectra and air sampling experiments,” J. Geophys. Res. 100, 13979–13997 (1995).
[Crossref]

Evans, J. T.

J. T. Evans, M. P. Chipperfield, H. Oelhaf, M. Stowasser, G. Wetzel, “Effect of near-IR photolysis of HO2NO2 on stratospheric chemistry,” Geophys. Res. Lett. 30, 1223–1227, 10.1029/2002GL016470 (2003).
[Crossref]

Farmer, C. B.

C. B. Farmer, O. F. Raper, R. Norton, “Spectroscopic detection and vertical distribution of HCl in the troposphere and lower stratosphere,” Geophys. Res. Lett. 3, 13–16 (1976).
[Crossref]

Fergg, F.

P. Burkert, F. Fergg, H. Fischer, “A compact high-resolution Michelson Interferometer for Passive Atmospheric Sounding (MIPAS),” IEEE Trans. Geosci. Remote Sens. GE-21, 345–349 (1983).
[Crossref]

H. Fischer, F. Fergg, H. Oelhaf, D. Rabus, W. Völker, “Simultaneous detection of trace constituents in the middle atmosphere with a small He-cooled high resolution Michelson interferometer (MIPAS),” Beitr. Phys. Atmos. 56(2), 260–275 (1983).

Fischer, H.

M. Stowasser, H. Oelhaf, R. Ruhnke, M. Chipperfield, G. Wetzel, F. Friedl-Vallon, A. Kleinert, A. Lengel, W. Kouker, G. Maucher, H. Nordmeyer, O. Trieschmann, T. v. Clarmann, H. Fischer, “A characterisation of the warm 1999 Arctic winter, by observations and modelling: NOy partitioning and dynamics,” J. Geophys. Res. 107(D19), 4376–4386 (2002).
[Crossref]

G. Wetzel, H. Oelhaf, R. Ruhnke, F. Friedl-Vallon, A. Kleinert, W. Kouker, G. Maucher, Th. Reddmann, M. Seefeldner, M. Stowasser, O. Trieschmann, T. von Clarmann, H. Fischer, “NO2 partitioning and budget and its correlation with N2O in the Arctic vortex and in summer mid-latitudes in 1997,” J. Geophys. Res. 107(D16), 4280–4290, 10.1029/2001JD000916 (2002).

M. Stowasser, H. Oelhaf, G. Wetzel, F. Friedl-Vallon, G. Maucher, M. Seefeldner, O. Trieschmann, T. v. Clarmann, H. Fischer, “Simultaneous measurements of HDO, H2O and CH4 with MIPAS-B: hydrogen budget and indication of dehydration inside the polar vortex,” J. Geophys. Res. 104, 19213–19255 (1999).
[Crossref]

A. E. Waibel, Th. Peter, K. S. Carslaw, H. Oelhaf, G. Wetzel, P. J. Crutzen, U. Pöschl, A. Tsias, E. Reimer, H. Fischer, “Arctic ozone loss due to denitrification,” Science 283, 2064–2068 (1999).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

M. Hoepfner, C. E. Blom, H. Fischer, N. Glatthor, T. Gulde, C. Piesch, W. Renger, M. Wirth, “HNO3 and PSC Measurements from the TRANSALL: sequestering of HNO3 in the Winter of 1994/95,” J. Atmos. Chem. 30, 61–80 (1998).
[Crossref]

G. Wetzel, H. Oelhaf, T. von Clarmann, H. Fischer, F. Friedl-Vallon, G. Maucher, M. Seefeldner, O. Trieschmann, F. Lefèvre, “Vertical profiles of N2O5, HO2NO2, and NO2 inside the Arctic vortex, retrieved from nocturnal MIPAS-B2 infrared limb emission measurements in February 1995,” J. Geophys. Res. 102(D15), 19177–19186 (1997).
[Crossref]

H. Fischer, H. Oelhaf, “Remote sensing of vertical profiles of atmospheric trace constituents with MIPAS limb-emission spectrometers,” Appl. Opt. 35, 2787–2796 (1996).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

G. Wetzel, T. von Clarmann, H. Oelhaf, H. Fischer, “Vertical profiles of N2O5 along with CH4, N2O, and H2O in the late Arctic winter retrieved from MIPAS-B infrared limb emission measurements,” J. Geophys. Res. 100, 23173–23181 (1995).
[Crossref]

T. von Clarmann, A. Linden, H. Oelhaf, H. Fischer, F. Friedl-Vallon, C. Piesch, M. Seefeldner, W. Völker, R. Bauer, A. Engel, U. Schmidt, “Determination of the stratospheric organic chlorine budget in the spring arctic vortex from MIPAS-B limb emission spectra and air sampling experiments,” J. Geophys. Res. 100, 13979–13997 (1995).
[Crossref]

H. Oelhaf, T. von Clarmann, H. Fischer, F. Friedl-Vallon, C. Fritzsche, A. Linden, C. Piesch, M. Seefeldner, W. Völker, “Stratospheric ClONO2 and HNO3 profiles inside the Arctic vortex from MIPAS-B limb emission spectra obtained during EASOE,” Geophys. Res. Lett. 21, 1263–1266 (1994).
[Crossref]

H. Oelhaf, H. Fischer, “Measurements of minor constituents in the middle atmosphere from IR limb emission spectra: a feasibility study,” Appl. Opt. 22, 2515–2518 (1983).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

P. Burkert, F. Fergg, H. Fischer, “A compact high-resolution Michelson Interferometer for Passive Atmospheric Sounding (MIPAS),” IEEE Trans. Geosci. Remote Sens. GE-21, 345–349 (1983).
[Crossref]

H. Fischer, F. Fergg, H. Oelhaf, D. Rabus, W. Völker, “Simultaneous detection of trace constituents in the middle atmosphere with a small He-cooled high resolution Michelson interferometer (MIPAS),” Beitr. Phys. Atmos. 56(2), 260–275 (1983).

O. Trieschmann, F. Friedl-Vallon, A. Lengel, H. Oelhaf, G. Wetzel, H. Fischer, “An advanced phase correction approach to obtain radiometric calibrated spectra of the optically well balanced balloon borne Fourier Transform Spectrometer MIPAS-B2,” in Optical Spectroscopic Techniques and Instrumentation for Atmospheric and Space Research III, A. M. Larar, ed., SPIE 3756, 17–24 (1999).

C. Piesch, T. Gulde, C. Sartorius, F. Friedl-Vallon, M. Seefeldner, M. Wölfel, C. E. Blom, H. Fischer, “Design of a MIPAS instrument for high-altitude aircraft,” Proceedings of the Second International Airborne Remote Sensing Conference and Exhibition [Environmental Research Institute of Michigan (ERIM), Ann Arbor, Mich., 1996] Vol. II, pp. 199–208.

H. Fischer, C. Blom, H. Oelhaf, B. Carli, M. Carlotti, L. Delbouille, D. Ehhalt, J.-M. Flaud, I. Isaksen, M. Lopez-Puertas, C. T. McElroy, R. Zander, Envisat—MIPAS, the Michelson Interferometer for Passive Atmospheric Sounding; An instrument for atmospheric chemistry and climate research, ESA SP-1229C. Readings, R. A. Harris, eds. (European Space Agency, Noordwijk, The Netherlands, 2000).

M. Stowasser, H. Oelhaf, R. Ruhnke, A. Kleinert, G. Wetzel, F. Friedl-Vallon, W. Kouker, A. Lengel, G. Maucher, H. Nordmeyer, Th. Reddmann, H. Fischer, “The variation of short-lived NOy species around sunrise at mid-latitudes as measured by MIPAS-B and calculated by KASIMA,” Geophys. Res. Lett.30, 1432–1436, 10.1029/2002GL016727 (2003).

M. Höpfner, H. Oelhaf, G. Wetzel, F. Friedl-Vallon, A. Kleinert, A. Lengel, G. Maucher, H. Nordmeyer, N. Glatthor, G. Stiller, T. v. Clarmann, H. Fischer, C. Kröger, T. Deshler, “Evidence of scattering of tropospheric radiation by PSCs in mid-IR limb emission spectra: MIPAS-B observations and KOPRA simulations,” Geophys. Res. Lett.29, 1278–1281, 10.1029/2001GL014443 (2002).

H. Oelhaf, H. Fischer, G. Wetzel, M. Stowasser, F. Friedl-Vallon, G. Maucher, O. Trieschmann, R. Ruhnke, Y. Sasano, “Intercomparison of ILAS/ADEOS with MIPAS-B measurements in late March 1997,” in Optical Remote Sensing of the Atmosphere and Clouds, J. Wang, T. Ogawa, Z.-h. Guan, eds. Proc. SPIE3501, 92–100 (1998).
[Crossref]

Flaud, J. M.

C. Camy-Peyret, J. M. Flaud, A. Perrin, C. P. Rinsland, A. Goldmann, F. Murcray, “Stratospheric N2O5, CH4, and N2O profiles from IR solar occultation spectra,” J. Atmos. Chem. 16, 31–40 (1993).
[Crossref]

Flaud, J.-M.

H. Fischer, C. Blom, H. Oelhaf, B. Carli, M. Carlotti, L. Delbouille, D. Ehhalt, J.-M. Flaud, I. Isaksen, M. Lopez-Puertas, C. T. McElroy, R. Zander, Envisat—MIPAS, the Michelson Interferometer for Passive Atmospheric Sounding; An instrument for atmospheric chemistry and climate research, ESA SP-1229C. Readings, R. A. Harris, eds. (European Space Agency, Noordwijk, The Netherlands, 2000).

Fogal, P.

M. Koike, Y. Kondo, H. Irie, F. J. Murcray, J. Williams, P. Fogal, R. Blatherwick, C. Camy-Peyret, S. Payan, H. Oelhaf, G. Wetzel, W. Traub, D. Johnson, K. Jucks, G. C. Toon, B. Sen, J.-F. Blavier, H. Schlager, H. Ziereis, N. Toriyama, M. Y. Danilin, J. M. Rodriguez, H. Kanzawa, Y. Sasano, “A comparison of Arctic HNO3 profiles measured by the Improved Limb Atmospheric Spectrometer and balloon-borne sensors,” J. Geophys. Res. 105(D5), 6761–6771 (2000).
[Crossref]

Forman, M. L.

Friedl-Vallon, F.

M. Stowasser, H. Oelhaf, R. Ruhnke, M. Chipperfield, G. Wetzel, F. Friedl-Vallon, A. Kleinert, A. Lengel, W. Kouker, G. Maucher, H. Nordmeyer, O. Trieschmann, T. v. Clarmann, H. Fischer, “A characterisation of the warm 1999 Arctic winter, by observations and modelling: NOy partitioning and dynamics,” J. Geophys. Res. 107(D19), 4376–4386 (2002).
[Crossref]

G. Wetzel, H. Oelhaf, R. Ruhnke, F. Friedl-Vallon, A. Kleinert, W. Kouker, G. Maucher, Th. Reddmann, M. Seefeldner, M. Stowasser, O. Trieschmann, T. von Clarmann, H. Fischer, “NO2 partitioning and budget and its correlation with N2O in the Arctic vortex and in summer mid-latitudes in 1997,” J. Geophys. Res. 107(D16), 4280–4290, 10.1029/2001JD000916 (2002).

M. Stowasser, H. Oelhaf, G. Wetzel, F. Friedl-Vallon, G. Maucher, M. Seefeldner, O. Trieschmann, T. v. Clarmann, H. Fischer, “Simultaneous measurements of HDO, H2O and CH4 with MIPAS-B: hydrogen budget and indication of dehydration inside the polar vortex,” J. Geophys. Res. 104, 19213–19255 (1999).
[Crossref]

G. Wetzel, H. Oelhaf, T. von Clarmann, H. Fischer, F. Friedl-Vallon, G. Maucher, M. Seefeldner, O. Trieschmann, F. Lefèvre, “Vertical profiles of N2O5, HO2NO2, and NO2 inside the Arctic vortex, retrieved from nocturnal MIPAS-B2 infrared limb emission measurements in February 1995,” J. Geophys. Res. 102(D15), 19177–19186 (1997).
[Crossref]

T. von Clarmann, G. Wetzel, H. Oelhaf, F. Friedl-Vallon, A. Linden, G. Maucher, M. Seefeldner, O. Trieschmann, F. Lefèvre, “ClONO2 vertical profile and estimated mixing ratios of ClO and HOCl in the winter Arctic stratosphere from MIPAS limb emission spectra,” J. Geophys. Res. 102, 16157–16168 (1997).
[Crossref]

T. von Clarmann, A. Linden, H. Oelhaf, H. Fischer, F. Friedl-Vallon, C. Piesch, M. Seefeldner, W. Völker, R. Bauer, A. Engel, U. Schmidt, “Determination of the stratospheric organic chlorine budget in the spring arctic vortex from MIPAS-B limb emission spectra and air sampling experiments,” J. Geophys. Res. 100, 13979–13997 (1995).
[Crossref]

H. Oelhaf, T. von Clarmann, H. Fischer, F. Friedl-Vallon, C. Fritzsche, A. Linden, C. Piesch, M. Seefeldner, W. Völker, “Stratospheric ClONO2 and HNO3 profiles inside the Arctic vortex from MIPAS-B limb emission spectra obtained during EASOE,” Geophys. Res. Lett. 21, 1263–1266 (1994).
[Crossref]

C. Piesch, T. Gulde, C. Sartorius, F. Friedl-Vallon, M. Seefeldner, M. Wölfel, C. E. Blom, H. Fischer, “Design of a MIPAS instrument for high-altitude aircraft,” Proceedings of the Second International Airborne Remote Sensing Conference and Exhibition [Environmental Research Institute of Michigan (ERIM), Ann Arbor, Mich., 1996] Vol. II, pp. 199–208.

M. Stowasser, H. Oelhaf, R. Ruhnke, A. Kleinert, G. Wetzel, F. Friedl-Vallon, W. Kouker, A. Lengel, G. Maucher, H. Nordmeyer, Th. Reddmann, H. Fischer, “The variation of short-lived NOy species around sunrise at mid-latitudes as measured by MIPAS-B and calculated by KASIMA,” Geophys. Res. Lett.30, 1432–1436, 10.1029/2002GL016727 (2003).

H. Oelhaf, H. Fischer, G. Wetzel, M. Stowasser, F. Friedl-Vallon, G. Maucher, O. Trieschmann, R. Ruhnke, Y. Sasano, “Intercomparison of ILAS/ADEOS with MIPAS-B measurements in late March 1997,” in Optical Remote Sensing of the Atmosphere and Clouds, J. Wang, T. Ogawa, Z.-h. Guan, eds. Proc. SPIE3501, 92–100 (1998).
[Crossref]

H. Oelhaf, G. Wetzel, M. Höpfner, F. Friedl-Vallon, N. Glatthor, G. Maucher, G. Stiller, O. Trieschmann, Th. von Clarmann, M. Birk, G. Wagner, “Interconsistency checks of ClONO2 retrievals from MIPAS-B spectra by using different bands and spectroscopic parameters,” in Proceedings of the International Radiation Symposium, W. L. Smith, Y. M. Timofeyev, eds. (Deepak, Hampton, Va., 2001), pp. 615–618.

M. Höpfner, H. Oelhaf, G. Wetzel, F. Friedl-Vallon, A. Kleinert, A. Lengel, G. Maucher, H. Nordmeyer, N. Glatthor, G. Stiller, T. v. Clarmann, H. Fischer, C. Kröger, T. Deshler, “Evidence of scattering of tropospheric radiation by PSCs in mid-IR limb emission spectra: MIPAS-B observations and KOPRA simulations,” Geophys. Res. Lett.29, 1278–1281, 10.1029/2001GL014443 (2002).

E. Battistini, B. M. Dinelli, M. Carlotti, B. Carli, P. Raspollini, M. Ridolfi, F. Friedl-Vallon, M. Hoepfner, H. Oelhaf, O. Trieschmann, G. Wetzel, “Performances of MIPAS/ENVISAT Level 2 inversion algorithm with data measured by the balloon instrument MIPAS-B,” in Proceedings of the International Radiation Symposium, W. L. Smith, Y. M. Timofeyev, eds. (Deepak, Hampton, Va., 2001), pp. 361–364.

O. Trieschmann, F. Friedl-Vallon, A. Lengel, H. Oelhaf, G. Wetzel, H. Fischer, “An advanced phase correction approach to obtain radiometric calibrated spectra of the optically well balanced balloon borne Fourier Transform Spectrometer MIPAS-B2,” in Optical Spectroscopic Techniques and Instrumentation for Atmospheric and Space Research III, A. M. Larar, ed., SPIE 3756, 17–24 (1999).

Fritzsche, C.

H. Oelhaf, T. von Clarmann, H. Fischer, F. Friedl-Vallon, C. Fritzsche, A. Linden, C. Piesch, M. Seefeldner, W. Völker, “Stratospheric ClONO2 and HNO3 profiles inside the Arctic vortex from MIPAS-B limb emission spectra obtained during EASOE,” Geophys. Res. Lett. 21, 1263–1266 (1994).
[Crossref]

Fukunishi, H.

H. Kanzawa, T. Sugita, H. Nakajima, G. E. Bodeker, H. Oelhaf, M. Stowasser, G. Wetzel, A. Engel, U. Schmidt, I. Levin, G. C. Toon, B. Sen, J.-F. Blavier, S. Aoki, T. Nakazawa, K. W. Jucks, D. G. Johnson, W. A. Traub, C. Camy-Peyret, S. Payan, P. Jeseck, I. Murata, H. Fukunishi, M. von Koenig, H. Bremer, H. Kuellmann, J. H. Park, L. L. Pan, T. Yokota, M. Suzuki, M. Shiotani, Y. Sasano, “Validation and data characteristics of nitrous oxide and methane profiles observed by the Improved Limb Atmospheric Spectrometer (ILAS) and processed with the Version 5.20 algorithm,” J. Geophys. Res. 108(D16), 8003–8038, 10.1029/2002JD002458 (2003).

Funke, B.

G. P. Stiller, ed., with contributions from T. v. Clarmann, A. Dudhia, G. Echle, B. Funke, N. Glatthor, F. Hase, M. Höpfner, S. Kellmann, H. Kemnitzer, M. Kuntz, A. Linden, M. Linder, G. P. Stiller, S. Zorn, “The Karlsruhe Optimized and Precise Radiative transfer Algorithm (KOPRA),” Wissenschaftliche Berichte, Ber. 6487 (Forschungszentrum Karlsruhe, Karlsruhe, Germany, 2000).

Glatthor, N.

M. Hoepfner, C. E. Blom, H. Fischer, N. Glatthor, T. Gulde, C. Piesch, W. Renger, M. Wirth, “HNO3 and PSC Measurements from the TRANSALL: sequestering of HNO3 in the Winter of 1994/95,” J. Atmos. Chem. 30, 61–80 (1998).
[Crossref]

M. Höpfner, H. Oelhaf, G. Wetzel, F. Friedl-Vallon, A. Kleinert, A. Lengel, G. Maucher, H. Nordmeyer, N. Glatthor, G. Stiller, T. v. Clarmann, H. Fischer, C. Kröger, T. Deshler, “Evidence of scattering of tropospheric radiation by PSCs in mid-IR limb emission spectra: MIPAS-B observations and KOPRA simulations,” Geophys. Res. Lett.29, 1278–1281, 10.1029/2001GL014443 (2002).

H. Oelhaf, G. Wetzel, M. Höpfner, F. Friedl-Vallon, N. Glatthor, G. Maucher, G. Stiller, O. Trieschmann, Th. von Clarmann, M. Birk, G. Wagner, “Interconsistency checks of ClONO2 retrievals from MIPAS-B spectra by using different bands and spectroscopic parameters,” in Proceedings of the International Radiation Symposium, W. L. Smith, Y. M. Timofeyev, eds. (Deepak, Hampton, Va., 2001), pp. 615–618.

G. P. Stiller, ed., with contributions from T. v. Clarmann, A. Dudhia, G. Echle, B. Funke, N. Glatthor, F. Hase, M. Höpfner, S. Kellmann, H. Kemnitzer, M. Kuntz, A. Linden, M. Linder, G. P. Stiller, S. Zorn, “The Karlsruhe Optimized and Precise Radiative transfer Algorithm (KOPRA),” Wissenschaftliche Berichte, Ber. 6487 (Forschungszentrum Karlsruhe, Karlsruhe, Germany, 2000).

Goldman, A.

M. R. Gunson, M. M. Abbas, M. C. Abrams, M. Allen, L. R. Brown, T. L. Brown, A. Y. Chang, A. Goldman, F. W. Irion, L. L. Lowes, E. Mahieu, G. L. Manney, H. A. Michelsen, M. J. Newchurch, C. P. Rinsland, R. J. Salawitch, G. P. Stiller, G. C. Toon, Y. L. Yung, R. Zander, “The Atmospheric Trace Molecule Spectroscopy (ATMOS) experiment: deployment on the ATLAS Space Shuttle missions,” Geophys. Res. Lett. 23, 2333–2336 (1996).
[Crossref]

M. T. Coffey, W. G. Mankin, A. Goldman, “Simultaneous spectroscopic determination of the latitudinal, seasonal, and diurnal variability of stratospheric N2O, NO2, and HNO3,” J. Geophys. Res. 86, 7331–7341 (1981).
[Crossref]

Goldmann, A.

C. Camy-Peyret, J. M. Flaud, A. Perrin, C. P. Rinsland, A. Goldmann, F. Murcray, “Stratospheric N2O5, CH4, and N2O profiles from IR solar occultation spectra,” J. Atmos. Chem. 16, 31–40 (1993).
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H. Irie, Y. Kondo, M. Koike, M. Y. Danilin, C. Camy-Peyret, S. Payan, J. P. Pommereau, F. Goutail, J.-B. Renard, H. Oelhaf, G. Wetzel, G. C. Toon, B. Sen, J.-F. Blavier, R. Salawitch, R. M. Bevilacqua, J. M. Russell, H Kanzawa, H. Nakajima, Y. Yokota, T. Sugita, Y. Sasano, “Validation of NO2 and HNO3 measurements from the Improved Limb Atmospheric Spectrometer (ILAS) with the version 5.20 retrieval algorithm,” J. Geophys. Res. 107(D24), 8206–8217, 10.1029/2001JD001304 (2002).

Gulde, T.

M. Hoepfner, C. E. Blom, H. Fischer, N. Glatthor, T. Gulde, C. Piesch, W. Renger, M. Wirth, “HNO3 and PSC Measurements from the TRANSALL: sequestering of HNO3 in the Winter of 1994/95,” J. Atmos. Chem. 30, 61–80 (1998).
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Gunson, M. R.

M. R. Gunson, M. M. Abbas, M. C. Abrams, M. Allen, L. R. Brown, T. L. Brown, A. Y. Chang, A. Goldman, F. W. Irion, L. L. Lowes, E. Mahieu, G. L. Manney, H. A. Michelsen, M. J. Newchurch, C. P. Rinsland, R. J. Salawitch, G. P. Stiller, G. C. Toon, Y. L. Yung, R. Zander, “The Atmospheric Trace Molecule Spectroscopy (ATMOS) experiment: deployment on the ATLAS Space Shuttle missions,” Geophys. Res. Lett. 23, 2333–2336 (1996).
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Hase, F.

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Herath, L. W.

Hoepfner, M.

M. Hoepfner, C. E. Blom, H. Fischer, N. Glatthor, T. Gulde, C. Piesch, W. Renger, M. Wirth, “HNO3 and PSC Measurements from the TRANSALL: sequestering of HNO3 in the Winter of 1994/95,” J. Atmos. Chem. 30, 61–80 (1998).
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E. Battistini, B. M. Dinelli, M. Carlotti, B. Carli, P. Raspollini, M. Ridolfi, F. Friedl-Vallon, M. Hoepfner, H. Oelhaf, O. Trieschmann, G. Wetzel, “Performances of MIPAS/ENVISAT Level 2 inversion algorithm with data measured by the balloon instrument MIPAS-B,” in Proceedings of the International Radiation Symposium, W. L. Smith, Y. M. Timofeyev, eds. (Deepak, Hampton, Va., 2001), pp. 361–364.

Höpfner, M.

C. E. Blom, M. Höpfner, Ch. Weddigen, “Correction of phase anomalies of atmospheric emission spectra by the double-differencing method,” Appl. Opt. 35, 2649–2652 (1996).
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G. P. Stiller, ed., with contributions from T. v. Clarmann, A. Dudhia, G. Echle, B. Funke, N. Glatthor, F. Hase, M. Höpfner, S. Kellmann, H. Kemnitzer, M. Kuntz, A. Linden, M. Linder, G. P. Stiller, S. Zorn, “The Karlsruhe Optimized and Precise Radiative transfer Algorithm (KOPRA),” Wissenschaftliche Berichte, Ber. 6487 (Forschungszentrum Karlsruhe, Karlsruhe, Germany, 2000).

H. Oelhaf, G. Wetzel, M. Höpfner, F. Friedl-Vallon, N. Glatthor, G. Maucher, G. Stiller, O. Trieschmann, Th. von Clarmann, M. Birk, G. Wagner, “Interconsistency checks of ClONO2 retrievals from MIPAS-B spectra by using different bands and spectroscopic parameters,” in Proceedings of the International Radiation Symposium, W. L. Smith, Y. M. Timofeyev, eds. (Deepak, Hampton, Va., 2001), pp. 615–618.

M. Höpfner, H. Oelhaf, G. Wetzel, F. Friedl-Vallon, A. Kleinert, A. Lengel, G. Maucher, H. Nordmeyer, N. Glatthor, G. Stiller, T. v. Clarmann, H. Fischer, C. Kröger, T. Deshler, “Evidence of scattering of tropospheric radiation by PSCs in mid-IR limb emission spectra: MIPAS-B observations and KOPRA simulations,” Geophys. Res. Lett.29, 1278–1281, 10.1029/2001GL014443 (2002).

Howell, H. B.

Irie, H.

H. Irie, Y. Kondo, M. Koike, M. Y. Danilin, C. Camy-Peyret, S. Payan, J. P. Pommereau, F. Goutail, J.-B. Renard, H. Oelhaf, G. Wetzel, G. C. Toon, B. Sen, J.-F. Blavier, R. Salawitch, R. M. Bevilacqua, J. M. Russell, H Kanzawa, H. Nakajima, Y. Yokota, T. Sugita, Y. Sasano, “Validation of NO2 and HNO3 measurements from the Improved Limb Atmospheric Spectrometer (ILAS) with the version 5.20 retrieval algorithm,” J. Geophys. Res. 107(D24), 8206–8217, 10.1029/2001JD001304 (2002).

M. Koike, Y. Kondo, H. Irie, F. J. Murcray, J. Williams, P. Fogal, R. Blatherwick, C. Camy-Peyret, S. Payan, H. Oelhaf, G. Wetzel, W. Traub, D. Johnson, K. Jucks, G. C. Toon, B. Sen, J.-F. Blavier, H. Schlager, H. Ziereis, N. Toriyama, M. Y. Danilin, J. M. Rodriguez, H. Kanzawa, Y. Sasano, “A comparison of Arctic HNO3 profiles measured by the Improved Limb Atmospheric Spectrometer and balloon-borne sensors,” J. Geophys. Res. 105(D5), 6761–6771 (2000).
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Irion, F. W.

M. R. Gunson, M. M. Abbas, M. C. Abrams, M. Allen, L. R. Brown, T. L. Brown, A. Y. Chang, A. Goldman, F. W. Irion, L. L. Lowes, E. Mahieu, G. L. Manney, H. A. Michelsen, M. J. Newchurch, C. P. Rinsland, R. J. Salawitch, G. P. Stiller, G. C. Toon, Y. L. Yung, R. Zander, “The Atmospheric Trace Molecule Spectroscopy (ATMOS) experiment: deployment on the ATLAS Space Shuttle missions,” Geophys. Res. Lett. 23, 2333–2336 (1996).
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Isaksen, I.

H. Fischer, C. Blom, H. Oelhaf, B. Carli, M. Carlotti, L. Delbouille, D. Ehhalt, J.-M. Flaud, I. Isaksen, M. Lopez-Puertas, C. T. McElroy, R. Zander, Envisat—MIPAS, the Michelson Interferometer for Passive Atmospheric Sounding; An instrument for atmospheric chemistry and climate research, ESA SP-1229C. Readings, R. A. Harris, eds. (European Space Agency, Noordwijk, The Netherlands, 2000).

Jeseck, P.

H. Kanzawa, T. Sugita, H. Nakajima, G. E. Bodeker, H. Oelhaf, M. Stowasser, G. Wetzel, A. Engel, U. Schmidt, I. Levin, G. C. Toon, B. Sen, J.-F. Blavier, S. Aoki, T. Nakazawa, K. W. Jucks, D. G. Johnson, W. A. Traub, C. Camy-Peyret, S. Payan, P. Jeseck, I. Murata, H. Fukunishi, M. von Koenig, H. Bremer, H. Kuellmann, J. H. Park, L. L. Pan, T. Yokota, M. Suzuki, M. Shiotani, Y. Sasano, “Validation and data characteristics of nitrous oxide and methane profiles observed by the Improved Limb Atmospheric Spectrometer (ILAS) and processed with the Version 5.20 algorithm,” J. Geophys. Res. 108(D16), 8003–8038, 10.1029/2002JD002458 (2003).

Johnson, D.

M. Koike, Y. Kondo, H. Irie, F. J. Murcray, J. Williams, P. Fogal, R. Blatherwick, C. Camy-Peyret, S. Payan, H. Oelhaf, G. Wetzel, W. Traub, D. Johnson, K. Jucks, G. C. Toon, B. Sen, J.-F. Blavier, H. Schlager, H. Ziereis, N. Toriyama, M. Y. Danilin, J. M. Rodriguez, H. Kanzawa, Y. Sasano, “A comparison of Arctic HNO3 profiles measured by the Improved Limb Atmospheric Spectrometer and balloon-borne sensors,” J. Geophys. Res. 105(D5), 6761–6771 (2000).
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Johnson, D. G.

H. Kanzawa, T. Sugita, H. Nakajima, G. E. Bodeker, H. Oelhaf, M. Stowasser, G. Wetzel, A. Engel, U. Schmidt, I. Levin, G. C. Toon, B. Sen, J.-F. Blavier, S. Aoki, T. Nakazawa, K. W. Jucks, D. G. Johnson, W. A. Traub, C. Camy-Peyret, S. Payan, P. Jeseck, I. Murata, H. Fukunishi, M. von Koenig, H. Bremer, H. Kuellmann, J. H. Park, L. L. Pan, T. Yokota, M. Suzuki, M. Shiotani, Y. Sasano, “Validation and data characteristics of nitrous oxide and methane profiles observed by the Improved Limb Atmospheric Spectrometer (ILAS) and processed with the Version 5.20 algorithm,” J. Geophys. Res. 108(D16), 8003–8038, 10.1029/2002JD002458 (2003).

D. G. Johnson, W. A. Traub, K. W. Jucks, “Phase determination from mostly one-sided interferograms,” Appl. Opt. 35, 2955–2959 (1996).
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D. G. Johnson, K. W. Jucks, W. A. Traub, K. V. Chance, “Smithsonian stratospheric far-infrared spectrometer and data reduction system,” J. Geophys. Res. 100, 3091–3106 (1995).
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Jucks, K.

M. Koike, Y. Kondo, H. Irie, F. J. Murcray, J. Williams, P. Fogal, R. Blatherwick, C. Camy-Peyret, S. Payan, H. Oelhaf, G. Wetzel, W. Traub, D. Johnson, K. Jucks, G. C. Toon, B. Sen, J.-F. Blavier, H. Schlager, H. Ziereis, N. Toriyama, M. Y. Danilin, J. M. Rodriguez, H. Kanzawa, Y. Sasano, “A comparison of Arctic HNO3 profiles measured by the Improved Limb Atmospheric Spectrometer and balloon-borne sensors,” J. Geophys. Res. 105(D5), 6761–6771 (2000).
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Jucks, K. W.

H. Kanzawa, T. Sugita, H. Nakajima, G. E. Bodeker, H. Oelhaf, M. Stowasser, G. Wetzel, A. Engel, U. Schmidt, I. Levin, G. C. Toon, B. Sen, J.-F. Blavier, S. Aoki, T. Nakazawa, K. W. Jucks, D. G. Johnson, W. A. Traub, C. Camy-Peyret, S. Payan, P. Jeseck, I. Murata, H. Fukunishi, M. von Koenig, H. Bremer, H. Kuellmann, J. H. Park, L. L. Pan, T. Yokota, M. Suzuki, M. Shiotani, Y. Sasano, “Validation and data characteristics of nitrous oxide and methane profiles observed by the Improved Limb Atmospheric Spectrometer (ILAS) and processed with the Version 5.20 algorithm,” J. Geophys. Res. 108(D16), 8003–8038, 10.1029/2002JD002458 (2003).

D. G. Johnson, W. A. Traub, K. W. Jucks, “Phase determination from mostly one-sided interferograms,” Appl. Opt. 35, 2955–2959 (1996).
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D. G. Johnson, K. W. Jucks, W. A. Traub, K. V. Chance, “Smithsonian stratospheric far-infrared spectrometer and data reduction system,” J. Geophys. Res. 100, 3091–3106 (1995).
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Kanzawa, H

H. Irie, Y. Kondo, M. Koike, M. Y. Danilin, C. Camy-Peyret, S. Payan, J. P. Pommereau, F. Goutail, J.-B. Renard, H. Oelhaf, G. Wetzel, G. C. Toon, B. Sen, J.-F. Blavier, R. Salawitch, R. M. Bevilacqua, J. M. Russell, H Kanzawa, H. Nakajima, Y. Yokota, T. Sugita, Y. Sasano, “Validation of NO2 and HNO3 measurements from the Improved Limb Atmospheric Spectrometer (ILAS) with the version 5.20 retrieval algorithm,” J. Geophys. Res. 107(D24), 8206–8217, 10.1029/2001JD001304 (2002).

Kanzawa, H.

H. Kanzawa, T. Sugita, H. Nakajima, G. E. Bodeker, H. Oelhaf, M. Stowasser, G. Wetzel, A. Engel, U. Schmidt, I. Levin, G. C. Toon, B. Sen, J.-F. Blavier, S. Aoki, T. Nakazawa, K. W. Jucks, D. G. Johnson, W. A. Traub, C. Camy-Peyret, S. Payan, P. Jeseck, I. Murata, H. Fukunishi, M. von Koenig, H. Bremer, H. Kuellmann, J. H. Park, L. L. Pan, T. Yokota, M. Suzuki, M. Shiotani, Y. Sasano, “Validation and data characteristics of nitrous oxide and methane profiles observed by the Improved Limb Atmospheric Spectrometer (ILAS) and processed with the Version 5.20 algorithm,” J. Geophys. Res. 108(D16), 8003–8038, 10.1029/2002JD002458 (2003).

M. Koike, Y. Kondo, H. Irie, F. J. Murcray, J. Williams, P. Fogal, R. Blatherwick, C. Camy-Peyret, S. Payan, H. Oelhaf, G. Wetzel, W. Traub, D. Johnson, K. Jucks, G. C. Toon, B. Sen, J.-F. Blavier, H. Schlager, H. Ziereis, N. Toriyama, M. Y. Danilin, J. M. Rodriguez, H. Kanzawa, Y. Sasano, “A comparison of Arctic HNO3 profiles measured by the Improved Limb Atmospheric Spectrometer and balloon-borne sensors,” J. Geophys. Res. 105(D5), 6761–6771 (2000).
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Keim, C.

M. Seefeldner, C. Keim, “The pointing and the star reference system of the MIPAS-B2 gondola, part 1: The pointing system,” in Proceedings of the twelfth ESA Symposium on Rocket and Balloon Programmes and Related ResearchESA SP-370 (European Space Agency, Noordwijk, The Netherlands, 1995), pp. 505–510.

Kellmann, S.

G. P. Stiller, ed., with contributions from T. v. Clarmann, A. Dudhia, G. Echle, B. Funke, N. Glatthor, F. Hase, M. Höpfner, S. Kellmann, H. Kemnitzer, M. Kuntz, A. Linden, M. Linder, G. P. Stiller, S. Zorn, “The Karlsruhe Optimized and Precise Radiative transfer Algorithm (KOPRA),” Wissenschaftliche Berichte, Ber. 6487 (Forschungszentrum Karlsruhe, Karlsruhe, Germany, 2000).

Kemnitzer, H.

G. P. Stiller, ed., with contributions from T. v. Clarmann, A. Dudhia, G. Echle, B. Funke, N. Glatthor, F. Hase, M. Höpfner, S. Kellmann, H. Kemnitzer, M. Kuntz, A. Linden, M. Linder, G. P. Stiller, S. Zorn, “The Karlsruhe Optimized and Precise Radiative transfer Algorithm (KOPRA),” Wissenschaftliche Berichte, Ber. 6487 (Forschungszentrum Karlsruhe, Karlsruhe, Germany, 2000).

Kleinert, A.

M. Stowasser, H. Oelhaf, R. Ruhnke, M. Chipperfield, G. Wetzel, F. Friedl-Vallon, A. Kleinert, A. Lengel, W. Kouker, G. Maucher, H. Nordmeyer, O. Trieschmann, T. v. Clarmann, H. Fischer, “A characterisation of the warm 1999 Arctic winter, by observations and modelling: NOy partitioning and dynamics,” J. Geophys. Res. 107(D19), 4376–4386 (2002).
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G. Wetzel, H. Oelhaf, R. Ruhnke, F. Friedl-Vallon, A. Kleinert, W. Kouker, G. Maucher, Th. Reddmann, M. Seefeldner, M. Stowasser, O. Trieschmann, T. von Clarmann, H. Fischer, “NO2 partitioning and budget and its correlation with N2O in the Arctic vortex and in summer mid-latitudes in 1997,” J. Geophys. Res. 107(D16), 4280–4290, 10.1029/2001JD000916 (2002).

M. Stowasser, H. Oelhaf, R. Ruhnke, A. Kleinert, G. Wetzel, F. Friedl-Vallon, W. Kouker, A. Lengel, G. Maucher, H. Nordmeyer, Th. Reddmann, H. Fischer, “The variation of short-lived NOy species around sunrise at mid-latitudes as measured by MIPAS-B and calculated by KASIMA,” Geophys. Res. Lett.30, 1432–1436, 10.1029/2002GL016727 (2003).

M. Höpfner, H. Oelhaf, G. Wetzel, F. Friedl-Vallon, A. Kleinert, A. Lengel, G. Maucher, H. Nordmeyer, N. Glatthor, G. Stiller, T. v. Clarmann, H. Fischer, C. Kröger, T. Deshler, “Evidence of scattering of tropospheric radiation by PSCs in mid-IR limb emission spectra: MIPAS-B observations and KOPRA simulations,” Geophys. Res. Lett.29, 1278–1281, 10.1029/2001GL014443 (2002).

Koike, M.

H. Irie, Y. Kondo, M. Koike, M. Y. Danilin, C. Camy-Peyret, S. Payan, J. P. Pommereau, F. Goutail, J.-B. Renard, H. Oelhaf, G. Wetzel, G. C. Toon, B. Sen, J.-F. Blavier, R. Salawitch, R. M. Bevilacqua, J. M. Russell, H Kanzawa, H. Nakajima, Y. Yokota, T. Sugita, Y. Sasano, “Validation of NO2 and HNO3 measurements from the Improved Limb Atmospheric Spectrometer (ILAS) with the version 5.20 retrieval algorithm,” J. Geophys. Res. 107(D24), 8206–8217, 10.1029/2001JD001304 (2002).

M. Koike, Y. Kondo, H. Irie, F. J. Murcray, J. Williams, P. Fogal, R. Blatherwick, C. Camy-Peyret, S. Payan, H. Oelhaf, G. Wetzel, W. Traub, D. Johnson, K. Jucks, G. C. Toon, B. Sen, J.-F. Blavier, H. Schlager, H. Ziereis, N. Toriyama, M. Y. Danilin, J. M. Rodriguez, H. Kanzawa, Y. Sasano, “A comparison of Arctic HNO3 profiles measured by the Improved Limb Atmospheric Spectrometer and balloon-borne sensors,” J. Geophys. Res. 105(D5), 6761–6771 (2000).
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Kondo, Y.

H. Irie, Y. Kondo, M. Koike, M. Y. Danilin, C. Camy-Peyret, S. Payan, J. P. Pommereau, F. Goutail, J.-B. Renard, H. Oelhaf, G. Wetzel, G. C. Toon, B. Sen, J.-F. Blavier, R. Salawitch, R. M. Bevilacqua, J. M. Russell, H Kanzawa, H. Nakajima, Y. Yokota, T. Sugita, Y. Sasano, “Validation of NO2 and HNO3 measurements from the Improved Limb Atmospheric Spectrometer (ILAS) with the version 5.20 retrieval algorithm,” J. Geophys. Res. 107(D24), 8206–8217, 10.1029/2001JD001304 (2002).

M. Koike, Y. Kondo, H. Irie, F. J. Murcray, J. Williams, P. Fogal, R. Blatherwick, C. Camy-Peyret, S. Payan, H. Oelhaf, G. Wetzel, W. Traub, D. Johnson, K. Jucks, G. C. Toon, B. Sen, J.-F. Blavier, H. Schlager, H. Ziereis, N. Toriyama, M. Y. Danilin, J. M. Rodriguez, H. Kanzawa, Y. Sasano, “A comparison of Arctic HNO3 profiles measured by the Improved Limb Atmospheric Spectrometer and balloon-borne sensors,” J. Geophys. Res. 105(D5), 6761–6771 (2000).
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T. Sugita, Y. Kondo, H. Nakajima, U. Schmidt, A. Engel, H. Oelhaf, G. Wetzel, “Denitrification observed inside the Arctic vortex in February 1995,” J. Geophys. Res. 103, 16221–16233 (1998).
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Kouker, W.

M. Stowasser, H. Oelhaf, R. Ruhnke, M. Chipperfield, G. Wetzel, F. Friedl-Vallon, A. Kleinert, A. Lengel, W. Kouker, G. Maucher, H. Nordmeyer, O. Trieschmann, T. v. Clarmann, H. Fischer, “A characterisation of the warm 1999 Arctic winter, by observations and modelling: NOy partitioning and dynamics,” J. Geophys. Res. 107(D19), 4376–4386 (2002).
[Crossref]

G. Wetzel, H. Oelhaf, R. Ruhnke, F. Friedl-Vallon, A. Kleinert, W. Kouker, G. Maucher, Th. Reddmann, M. Seefeldner, M. Stowasser, O. Trieschmann, T. von Clarmann, H. Fischer, “NO2 partitioning and budget and its correlation with N2O in the Arctic vortex and in summer mid-latitudes in 1997,” J. Geophys. Res. 107(D16), 4280–4290, 10.1029/2001JD000916 (2002).

M. Stowasser, H. Oelhaf, R. Ruhnke, A. Kleinert, G. Wetzel, F. Friedl-Vallon, W. Kouker, A. Lengel, G. Maucher, H. Nordmeyer, Th. Reddmann, H. Fischer, “The variation of short-lived NOy species around sunrise at mid-latitudes as measured by MIPAS-B and calculated by KASIMA,” Geophys. Res. Lett.30, 1432–1436, 10.1029/2002GL016727 (2003).

Kröger, C.

M. Höpfner, H. Oelhaf, G. Wetzel, F. Friedl-Vallon, A. Kleinert, A. Lengel, G. Maucher, H. Nordmeyer, N. Glatthor, G. Stiller, T. v. Clarmann, H. Fischer, C. Kröger, T. Deshler, “Evidence of scattering of tropospheric radiation by PSCs in mid-IR limb emission spectra: MIPAS-B observations and KOPRA simulations,” Geophys. Res. Lett.29, 1278–1281, 10.1029/2001GL014443 (2002).

Kuellmann, H.

H. Kanzawa, T. Sugita, H. Nakajima, G. E. Bodeker, H. Oelhaf, M. Stowasser, G. Wetzel, A. Engel, U. Schmidt, I. Levin, G. C. Toon, B. Sen, J.-F. Blavier, S. Aoki, T. Nakazawa, K. W. Jucks, D. G. Johnson, W. A. Traub, C. Camy-Peyret, S. Payan, P. Jeseck, I. Murata, H. Fukunishi, M. von Koenig, H. Bremer, H. Kuellmann, J. H. Park, L. L. Pan, T. Yokota, M. Suzuki, M. Shiotani, Y. Sasano, “Validation and data characteristics of nitrous oxide and methane profiles observed by the Improved Limb Atmospheric Spectrometer (ILAS) and processed with the Version 5.20 algorithm,” J. Geophys. Res. 108(D16), 8003–8038, 10.1029/2002JD002458 (2003).

Kunde, V. G.

Kuntz, M.

G. P. Stiller, ed., with contributions from T. v. Clarmann, A. Dudhia, G. Echle, B. Funke, N. Glatthor, F. Hase, M. Höpfner, S. Kellmann, H. Kemnitzer, M. Kuntz, A. Linden, M. Linder, G. P. Stiller, S. Zorn, “The Karlsruhe Optimized and Precise Radiative transfer Algorithm (KOPRA),” Wissenschaftliche Berichte, Ber. 6487 (Forschungszentrum Karlsruhe, Karlsruhe, Germany, 2000).

LaPorte, D. D.

Lary, D.

R. Müller, Th. Peter, P. J. Crutzen, H. Oelhaf, G. P. Adrian, T. von Clarmann, A. Wegner, U. Schmidt, D. Lary, “Chlorine chemistry and the potential for ozone depletion in the arctic stratosphere in the winter of 1991/1992,” Geophys. Res. Lett. 21, 1427–1430 (1994).
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Lefèvre, F.

T. von Clarmann, G. Wetzel, H. Oelhaf, F. Friedl-Vallon, A. Linden, G. Maucher, M. Seefeldner, O. Trieschmann, F. Lefèvre, “ClONO2 vertical profile and estimated mixing ratios of ClO and HOCl in the winter Arctic stratosphere from MIPAS limb emission spectra,” J. Geophys. Res. 102, 16157–16168 (1997).
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G. Wetzel, H. Oelhaf, T. von Clarmann, H. Fischer, F. Friedl-Vallon, G. Maucher, M. Seefeldner, O. Trieschmann, F. Lefèvre, “Vertical profiles of N2O5, HO2NO2, and NO2 inside the Arctic vortex, retrieved from nocturnal MIPAS-B2 infrared limb emission measurements in February 1995,” J. Geophys. Res. 102(D15), 19177–19186 (1997).
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Lengel, A.

M. Stowasser, H. Oelhaf, R. Ruhnke, M. Chipperfield, G. Wetzel, F. Friedl-Vallon, A. Kleinert, A. Lengel, W. Kouker, G. Maucher, H. Nordmeyer, O. Trieschmann, T. v. Clarmann, H. Fischer, “A characterisation of the warm 1999 Arctic winter, by observations and modelling: NOy partitioning and dynamics,” J. Geophys. Res. 107(D19), 4376–4386 (2002).
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T. Sugita, Y. Kondo, H. Nakajima, U. Schmidt, A. Engel, H. Oelhaf, G. Wetzel, “Denitrification observed inside the Arctic vortex in February 1995,” J. Geophys. Res. 103, 16221–16233 (1998).
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J. T. Evans, M. P. Chipperfield, H. Oelhaf, M. Stowasser, G. Wetzel, “Effect of near-IR photolysis of HO2NO2 on stratospheric chemistry,” Geophys. Res. Lett. 30, 1223–1227, 10.1029/2002GL016470 (2003).
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M. Stowasser, H. Oelhaf, R. Ruhnke, M. Chipperfield, G. Wetzel, F. Friedl-Vallon, A. Kleinert, A. Lengel, W. Kouker, G. Maucher, H. Nordmeyer, O. Trieschmann, T. v. Clarmann, H. Fischer, “A characterisation of the warm 1999 Arctic winter, by observations and modelling: NOy partitioning and dynamics,” J. Geophys. Res. 107(D19), 4376–4386 (2002).
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H. Oelhaf, G. Wetzel, M. Höpfner, F. Friedl-Vallon, N. Glatthor, G. Maucher, G. Stiller, O. Trieschmann, Th. von Clarmann, M. Birk, G. Wagner, “Interconsistency checks of ClONO2 retrievals from MIPAS-B spectra by using different bands and spectroscopic parameters,” in Proceedings of the International Radiation Symposium, W. L. Smith, Y. M. Timofeyev, eds. (Deepak, Hampton, Va., 2001), pp. 615–618.

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Pan, L. L.

H. Kanzawa, T. Sugita, H. Nakajima, G. E. Bodeker, H. Oelhaf, M. Stowasser, G. Wetzel, A. Engel, U. Schmidt, I. Levin, G. C. Toon, B. Sen, J.-F. Blavier, S. Aoki, T. Nakazawa, K. W. Jucks, D. G. Johnson, W. A. Traub, C. Camy-Peyret, S. Payan, P. Jeseck, I. Murata, H. Fukunishi, M. von Koenig, H. Bremer, H. Kuellmann, J. H. Park, L. L. Pan, T. Yokota, M. Suzuki, M. Shiotani, Y. Sasano, “Validation and data characteristics of nitrous oxide and methane profiles observed by the Improved Limb Atmospheric Spectrometer (ILAS) and processed with the Version 5.20 algorithm,” J. Geophys. Res. 108(D16), 8003–8038, 10.1029/2002JD002458 (2003).

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H. Kanzawa, T. Sugita, H. Nakajima, G. E. Bodeker, H. Oelhaf, M. Stowasser, G. Wetzel, A. Engel, U. Schmidt, I. Levin, G. C. Toon, B. Sen, J.-F. Blavier, S. Aoki, T. Nakazawa, K. W. Jucks, D. G. Johnson, W. A. Traub, C. Camy-Peyret, S. Payan, P. Jeseck, I. Murata, H. Fukunishi, M. von Koenig, H. Bremer, H. Kuellmann, J. H. Park, L. L. Pan, T. Yokota, M. Suzuki, M. Shiotani, Y. Sasano, “Validation and data characteristics of nitrous oxide and methane profiles observed by the Improved Limb Atmospheric Spectrometer (ILAS) and processed with the Version 5.20 algorithm,” J. Geophys. Res. 108(D16), 8003–8038, 10.1029/2002JD002458 (2003).

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M. Koike, Y. Kondo, H. Irie, F. J. Murcray, J. Williams, P. Fogal, R. Blatherwick, C. Camy-Peyret, S. Payan, H. Oelhaf, G. Wetzel, W. Traub, D. Johnson, K. Jucks, G. C. Toon, B. Sen, J.-F. Blavier, H. Schlager, H. Ziereis, N. Toriyama, M. Y. Danilin, J. M. Rodriguez, H. Kanzawa, Y. Sasano, “A comparison of Arctic HNO3 profiles measured by the Improved Limb Atmospheric Spectrometer and balloon-borne sensors,” J. Geophys. Res. 105(D5), 6761–6771 (2000).
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A. E. Waibel, Th. Peter, K. S. Carslaw, H. Oelhaf, G. Wetzel, P. J. Crutzen, U. Pöschl, A. Tsias, E. Reimer, H. Fischer, “Arctic ozone loss due to denitrification,” Science 283, 2064–2068 (1999).
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R. Müller, Th. Peter, P. J. Crutzen, H. Oelhaf, G. P. Adrian, T. von Clarmann, A. Wegner, U. Schmidt, D. Lary, “Chlorine chemistry and the potential for ozone depletion in the arctic stratosphere in the winter of 1991/1992,” Geophys. Res. Lett. 21, 1427–1430 (1994).
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Piesch, C.

M. Hoepfner, C. E. Blom, H. Fischer, N. Glatthor, T. Gulde, C. Piesch, W. Renger, M. Wirth, “HNO3 and PSC Measurements from the TRANSALL: sequestering of HNO3 in the Winter of 1994/95,” J. Atmos. Chem. 30, 61–80 (1998).
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T. von Clarmann, A. Linden, H. Oelhaf, H. Fischer, F. Friedl-Vallon, C. Piesch, M. Seefeldner, W. Völker, R. Bauer, A. Engel, U. Schmidt, “Determination of the stratospheric organic chlorine budget in the spring arctic vortex from MIPAS-B limb emission spectra and air sampling experiments,” J. Geophys. Res. 100, 13979–13997 (1995).
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C. Piesch, T. Gulde, C. Sartorius, F. Friedl-Vallon, M. Seefeldner, M. Wölfel, C. E. Blom, H. Fischer, “Design of a MIPAS instrument for high-altitude aircraft,” Proceedings of the Second International Airborne Remote Sensing Conference and Exhibition [Environmental Research Institute of Michigan (ERIM), Ann Arbor, Mich., 1996] Vol. II, pp. 199–208.

Pommereau, J. P.

H. Irie, Y. Kondo, M. Koike, M. Y. Danilin, C. Camy-Peyret, S. Payan, J. P. Pommereau, F. Goutail, J.-B. Renard, H. Oelhaf, G. Wetzel, G. C. Toon, B. Sen, J.-F. Blavier, R. Salawitch, R. M. Bevilacqua, J. M. Russell, H Kanzawa, H. Nakajima, Y. Yokota, T. Sugita, Y. Sasano, “Validation of NO2 and HNO3 measurements from the Improved Limb Atmospheric Spectrometer (ILAS) with the version 5.20 retrieval algorithm,” J. Geophys. Res. 107(D24), 8206–8217, 10.1029/2001JD001304 (2002).

Pöschl, U.

A. E. Waibel, Th. Peter, K. S. Carslaw, H. Oelhaf, G. Wetzel, P. J. Crutzen, U. Pöschl, A. Tsias, E. Reimer, H. Fischer, “Arctic ozone loss due to denitrification,” Science 283, 2064–2068 (1999).
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Pritchard, J.

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C. B. Farmer, O. F. Raper, R. Norton, “Spectroscopic detection and vertical distribution of HCl in the troposphere and lower stratosphere,” Geophys. Res. Lett. 3, 13–16 (1976).
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E. Battistini, B. M. Dinelli, M. Carlotti, B. Carli, P. Raspollini, M. Ridolfi, F. Friedl-Vallon, M. Hoepfner, H. Oelhaf, O. Trieschmann, G. Wetzel, “Performances of MIPAS/ENVISAT Level 2 inversion algorithm with data measured by the balloon instrument MIPAS-B,” in Proceedings of the International Radiation Symposium, W. L. Smith, Y. M. Timofeyev, eds. (Deepak, Hampton, Va., 2001), pp. 361–364.

Reddmann, Th.

G. Wetzel, H. Oelhaf, R. Ruhnke, F. Friedl-Vallon, A. Kleinert, W. Kouker, G. Maucher, Th. Reddmann, M. Seefeldner, M. Stowasser, O. Trieschmann, T. von Clarmann, H. Fischer, “NO2 partitioning and budget and its correlation with N2O in the Arctic vortex and in summer mid-latitudes in 1997,” J. Geophys. Res. 107(D16), 4280–4290, 10.1029/2001JD000916 (2002).

M. Stowasser, H. Oelhaf, R. Ruhnke, A. Kleinert, G. Wetzel, F. Friedl-Vallon, W. Kouker, A. Lengel, G. Maucher, H. Nordmeyer, Th. Reddmann, H. Fischer, “The variation of short-lived NOy species around sunrise at mid-latitudes as measured by MIPAS-B and calculated by KASIMA,” Geophys. Res. Lett.30, 1432–1436, 10.1029/2002GL016727 (2003).

Reimer, E.

A. E. Waibel, Th. Peter, K. S. Carslaw, H. Oelhaf, G. Wetzel, P. J. Crutzen, U. Pöschl, A. Tsias, E. Reimer, H. Fischer, “Arctic ozone loss due to denitrification,” Science 283, 2064–2068 (1999).
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Renard, J.-B.

H. Irie, Y. Kondo, M. Koike, M. Y. Danilin, C. Camy-Peyret, S. Payan, J. P. Pommereau, F. Goutail, J.-B. Renard, H. Oelhaf, G. Wetzel, G. C. Toon, B. Sen, J.-F. Blavier, R. Salawitch, R. M. Bevilacqua, J. M. Russell, H Kanzawa, H. Nakajima, Y. Yokota, T. Sugita, Y. Sasano, “Validation of NO2 and HNO3 measurements from the Improved Limb Atmospheric Spectrometer (ILAS) with the version 5.20 retrieval algorithm,” J. Geophys. Res. 107(D24), 8206–8217, 10.1029/2001JD001304 (2002).

Renger, W.

M. Hoepfner, C. E. Blom, H. Fischer, N. Glatthor, T. Gulde, C. Piesch, W. Renger, M. Wirth, “HNO3 and PSC Measurements from the TRANSALL: sequestering of HNO3 in the Winter of 1994/95,” J. Atmos. Chem. 30, 61–80 (1998).
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Rex, M.

G. Becker, R. Müller, D. S. McKenna, M. Rex, K. S. Carslaw, H. Oelhaf, “Ozone loss rates in the Arctic stratosphere in the winter 1994/95: model calculations underestimate results of the Match analysis,” J. Geophys. Res. 105, 15175–15184 (2000).
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E. Battistini, B. M. Dinelli, M. Carlotti, B. Carli, P. Raspollini, M. Ridolfi, F. Friedl-Vallon, M. Hoepfner, H. Oelhaf, O. Trieschmann, G. Wetzel, “Performances of MIPAS/ENVISAT Level 2 inversion algorithm with data measured by the balloon instrument MIPAS-B,” in Proceedings of the International Radiation Symposium, W. L. Smith, Y. M. Timofeyev, eds. (Deepak, Hampton, Va., 2001), pp. 361–364.

Rinsland, C. P.

M. R. Gunson, M. M. Abbas, M. C. Abrams, M. Allen, L. R. Brown, T. L. Brown, A. Y. Chang, A. Goldman, F. W. Irion, L. L. Lowes, E. Mahieu, G. L. Manney, H. A. Michelsen, M. J. Newchurch, C. P. Rinsland, R. J. Salawitch, G. P. Stiller, G. C. Toon, Y. L. Yung, R. Zander, “The Atmospheric Trace Molecule Spectroscopy (ATMOS) experiment: deployment on the ATLAS Space Shuttle missions,” Geophys. Res. Lett. 23, 2333–2336 (1996).
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C. Camy-Peyret, J. M. Flaud, A. Perrin, C. P. Rinsland, A. Goldmann, F. Murcray, “Stratospheric N2O5, CH4, and N2O profiles from IR solar occultation spectra,” J. Atmos. Chem. 16, 31–40 (1993).
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Rodriguez, J. M.

M. Koike, Y. Kondo, H. Irie, F. J. Murcray, J. Williams, P. Fogal, R. Blatherwick, C. Camy-Peyret, S. Payan, H. Oelhaf, G. Wetzel, W. Traub, D. Johnson, K. Jucks, G. C. Toon, B. Sen, J.-F. Blavier, H. Schlager, H. Ziereis, N. Toriyama, M. Y. Danilin, J. M. Rodriguez, H. Kanzawa, Y. Sasano, “A comparison of Arctic HNO3 profiles measured by the Improved Limb Atmospheric Spectrometer and balloon-borne sensors,” J. Geophys. Res. 105(D5), 6761–6771 (2000).
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Ruhnke, R.

M. Stowasser, H. Oelhaf, R. Ruhnke, M. Chipperfield, G. Wetzel, F. Friedl-Vallon, A. Kleinert, A. Lengel, W. Kouker, G. Maucher, H. Nordmeyer, O. Trieschmann, T. v. Clarmann, H. Fischer, “A characterisation of the warm 1999 Arctic winter, by observations and modelling: NOy partitioning and dynamics,” J. Geophys. Res. 107(D19), 4376–4386 (2002).
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G. Wetzel, H. Oelhaf, R. Ruhnke, F. Friedl-Vallon, A. Kleinert, W. Kouker, G. Maucher, Th. Reddmann, M. Seefeldner, M. Stowasser, O. Trieschmann, T. von Clarmann, H. Fischer, “NO2 partitioning and budget and its correlation with N2O in the Arctic vortex and in summer mid-latitudes in 1997,” J. Geophys. Res. 107(D16), 4280–4290, 10.1029/2001JD000916 (2002).

M. Stowasser, H. Oelhaf, R. Ruhnke, A. Kleinert, G. Wetzel, F. Friedl-Vallon, W. Kouker, A. Lengel, G. Maucher, H. Nordmeyer, Th. Reddmann, H. Fischer, “The variation of short-lived NOy species around sunrise at mid-latitudes as measured by MIPAS-B and calculated by KASIMA,” Geophys. Res. Lett.30, 1432–1436, 10.1029/2002GL016727 (2003).

H. Oelhaf, H. Fischer, G. Wetzel, M. Stowasser, F. Friedl-Vallon, G. Maucher, O. Trieschmann, R. Ruhnke, Y. Sasano, “Intercomparison of ILAS/ADEOS with MIPAS-B measurements in late March 1997,” in Optical Remote Sensing of the Atmosphere and Clouds, J. Wang, T. Ogawa, Z.-h. Guan, eds. Proc. SPIE3501, 92–100 (1998).
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Russell, J. M.

H. Irie, Y. Kondo, M. Koike, M. Y. Danilin, C. Camy-Peyret, S. Payan, J. P. Pommereau, F. Goutail, J.-B. Renard, H. Oelhaf, G. Wetzel, G. C. Toon, B. Sen, J.-F. Blavier, R. Salawitch, R. M. Bevilacqua, J. M. Russell, H Kanzawa, H. Nakajima, Y. Yokota, T. Sugita, Y. Sasano, “Validation of NO2 and HNO3 measurements from the Improved Limb Atmospheric Spectrometer (ILAS) with the version 5.20 retrieval algorithm,” J. Geophys. Res. 107(D24), 8206–8217, 10.1029/2001JD001304 (2002).

Sakai, H.

F. H. Murcray, F. J. Murcray, D. G. Murcray, J. Pritchard, G. Vanasse, H. Sakai, “Liquid nitrogen-cooled Fourier transform spectrometer system for measuring atmospheric emission at high altitudes,” J. Atmos. Ocean. Technol. 1, 351–357, 1984.
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Salawitch, R.

H. Irie, Y. Kondo, M. Koike, M. Y. Danilin, C. Camy-Peyret, S. Payan, J. P. Pommereau, F. Goutail, J.-B. Renard, H. Oelhaf, G. Wetzel, G. C. Toon, B. Sen, J.-F. Blavier, R. Salawitch, R. M. Bevilacqua, J. M. Russell, H Kanzawa, H. Nakajima, Y. Yokota, T. Sugita, Y. Sasano, “Validation of NO2 and HNO3 measurements from the Improved Limb Atmospheric Spectrometer (ILAS) with the version 5.20 retrieval algorithm,” J. Geophys. Res. 107(D24), 8206–8217, 10.1029/2001JD001304 (2002).

Salawitch, R. J.

M. R. Gunson, M. M. Abbas, M. C. Abrams, M. Allen, L. R. Brown, T. L. Brown, A. Y. Chang, A. Goldman, F. W. Irion, L. L. Lowes, E. Mahieu, G. L. Manney, H. A. Michelsen, M. J. Newchurch, C. P. Rinsland, R. J. Salawitch, G. P. Stiller, G. C. Toon, Y. L. Yung, R. Zander, “The Atmospheric Trace Molecule Spectroscopy (ATMOS) experiment: deployment on the ATLAS Space Shuttle missions,” Geophys. Res. Lett. 23, 2333–2336 (1996).
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Sartorius, C.

C. Piesch, T. Gulde, C. Sartorius, F. Friedl-Vallon, M. Seefeldner, M. Wölfel, C. E. Blom, H. Fischer, “Design of a MIPAS instrument for high-altitude aircraft,” Proceedings of the Second International Airborne Remote Sensing Conference and Exhibition [Environmental Research Institute of Michigan (ERIM), Ann Arbor, Mich., 1996] Vol. II, pp. 199–208.

Sasano, Y.

H. Kanzawa, T. Sugita, H. Nakajima, G. E. Bodeker, H. Oelhaf, M. Stowasser, G. Wetzel, A. Engel, U. Schmidt, I. Levin, G. C. Toon, B. Sen, J.-F. Blavier, S. Aoki, T. Nakazawa, K. W. Jucks, D. G. Johnson, W. A. Traub, C. Camy-Peyret, S. Payan, P. Jeseck, I. Murata, H. Fukunishi, M. von Koenig, H. Bremer, H. Kuellmann, J. H. Park, L. L. Pan, T. Yokota, M. Suzuki, M. Shiotani, Y. Sasano, “Validation and data characteristics of nitrous oxide and methane profiles observed by the Improved Limb Atmospheric Spectrometer (ILAS) and processed with the Version 5.20 algorithm,” J. Geophys. Res. 108(D16), 8003–8038, 10.1029/2002JD002458 (2003).

H. Irie, Y. Kondo, M. Koike, M. Y. Danilin, C. Camy-Peyret, S. Payan, J. P. Pommereau, F. Goutail, J.-B. Renard, H. Oelhaf, G. Wetzel, G. C. Toon, B. Sen, J.-F. Blavier, R. Salawitch, R. M. Bevilacqua, J. M. Russell, H Kanzawa, H. Nakajima, Y. Yokota, T. Sugita, Y. Sasano, “Validation of NO2 and HNO3 measurements from the Improved Limb Atmospheric Spectrometer (ILAS) with the version 5.20 retrieval algorithm,” J. Geophys. Res. 107(D24), 8206–8217, 10.1029/2001JD001304 (2002).

M. Koike, Y. Kondo, H. Irie, F. J. Murcray, J. Williams, P. Fogal, R. Blatherwick, C. Camy-Peyret, S. Payan, H. Oelhaf, G. Wetzel, W. Traub, D. Johnson, K. Jucks, G. C. Toon, B. Sen, J.-F. Blavier, H. Schlager, H. Ziereis, N. Toriyama, M. Y. Danilin, J. M. Rodriguez, H. Kanzawa, Y. Sasano, “A comparison of Arctic HNO3 profiles measured by the Improved Limb Atmospheric Spectrometer and balloon-borne sensors,” J. Geophys. Res. 105(D5), 6761–6771 (2000).
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M. Koike, Y. Kondo, H. Irie, F. J. Murcray, J. Williams, P. Fogal, R. Blatherwick, C. Camy-Peyret, S. Payan, H. Oelhaf, G. Wetzel, W. Traub, D. Johnson, K. Jucks, G. C. Toon, B. Sen, J.-F. Blavier, H. Schlager, H. Ziereis, N. Toriyama, M. Y. Danilin, J. M. Rodriguez, H. Kanzawa, Y. Sasano, “A comparison of Arctic HNO3 profiles measured by the Improved Limb Atmospheric Spectrometer and balloon-borne sensors,” J. Geophys. Res. 105(D5), 6761–6771 (2000).
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H. Kanzawa, T. Sugita, H. Nakajima, G. E. Bodeker, H. Oelhaf, M. Stowasser, G. Wetzel, A. Engel, U. Schmidt, I. Levin, G. C. Toon, B. Sen, J.-F. Blavier, S. Aoki, T. Nakazawa, K. W. Jucks, D. G. Johnson, W. A. Traub, C. Camy-Peyret, S. Payan, P. Jeseck, I. Murata, H. Fukunishi, M. von Koenig, H. Bremer, H. Kuellmann, J. H. Park, L. L. Pan, T. Yokota, M. Suzuki, M. Shiotani, Y. Sasano, “Validation and data characteristics of nitrous oxide and methane profiles observed by the Improved Limb Atmospheric Spectrometer (ILAS) and processed with the Version 5.20 algorithm,” J. Geophys. Res. 108(D16), 8003–8038, 10.1029/2002JD002458 (2003).

T. Sugita, Y. Kondo, H. Nakajima, U. Schmidt, A. Engel, H. Oelhaf, G. Wetzel, “Denitrification observed inside the Arctic vortex in February 1995,” J. Geophys. Res. 103, 16221–16233 (1998).
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T. von Clarmann, A. Linden, H. Oelhaf, H. Fischer, F. Friedl-Vallon, C. Piesch, M. Seefeldner, W. Völker, R. Bauer, A. Engel, U. Schmidt, “Determination of the stratospheric organic chlorine budget in the spring arctic vortex from MIPAS-B limb emission spectra and air sampling experiments,” J. Geophys. Res. 100, 13979–13997 (1995).
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M. Stowasser, H. Oelhaf, G. Wetzel, F. Friedl-Vallon, G. Maucher, M. Seefeldner, O. Trieschmann, T. v. Clarmann, H. Fischer, “Simultaneous measurements of HDO, H2O and CH4 with MIPAS-B: hydrogen budget and indication of dehydration inside the polar vortex,” J. Geophys. Res. 104, 19213–19255 (1999).
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G. Wetzel, H. Oelhaf, T. von Clarmann, H. Fischer, F. Friedl-Vallon, G. Maucher, M. Seefeldner, O. Trieschmann, F. Lefèvre, “Vertical profiles of N2O5, HO2NO2, and NO2 inside the Arctic vortex, retrieved from nocturnal MIPAS-B2 infrared limb emission measurements in February 1995,” J. Geophys. Res. 102(D15), 19177–19186 (1997).
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Sen, B.

H. Kanzawa, T. Sugita, H. Nakajima, G. E. Bodeker, H. Oelhaf, M. Stowasser, G. Wetzel, A. Engel, U. Schmidt, I. Levin, G. C. Toon, B. Sen, J.-F. Blavier, S. Aoki, T. Nakazawa, K. W. Jucks, D. G. Johnson, W. A. Traub, C. Camy-Peyret, S. Payan, P. Jeseck, I. Murata, H. Fukunishi, M. von Koenig, H. Bremer, H. Kuellmann, J. H. Park, L. L. Pan, T. Yokota, M. Suzuki, M. Shiotani, Y. Sasano, “Validation and data characteristics of nitrous oxide and methane profiles observed by the Improved Limb Atmospheric Spectrometer (ILAS) and processed with the Version 5.20 algorithm,” J. Geophys. Res. 108(D16), 8003–8038, 10.1029/2002JD002458 (2003).

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H. Kanzawa, T. Sugita, H. Nakajima, G. E. Bodeker, H. Oelhaf, M. Stowasser, G. Wetzel, A. Engel, U. Schmidt, I. Levin, G. C. Toon, B. Sen, J.-F. Blavier, S. Aoki, T. Nakazawa, K. W. Jucks, D. G. Johnson, W. A. Traub, C. Camy-Peyret, S. Payan, P. Jeseck, I. Murata, H. Fukunishi, M. von Koenig, H. Bremer, H. Kuellmann, J. H. Park, L. L. Pan, T. Yokota, M. Suzuki, M. Shiotani, Y. Sasano, “Validation and data characteristics of nitrous oxide and methane profiles observed by the Improved Limb Atmospheric Spectrometer (ILAS) and processed with the Version 5.20 algorithm,” J. Geophys. Res. 108(D16), 8003–8038, 10.1029/2002JD002458 (2003).

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H. Kanzawa, T. Sugita, H. Nakajima, G. E. Bodeker, H. Oelhaf, M. Stowasser, G. Wetzel, A. Engel, U. Schmidt, I. Levin, G. C. Toon, B. Sen, J.-F. Blavier, S. Aoki, T. Nakazawa, K. W. Jucks, D. G. Johnson, W. A. Traub, C. Camy-Peyret, S. Payan, P. Jeseck, I. Murata, H. Fukunishi, M. von Koenig, H. Bremer, H. Kuellmann, J. H. Park, L. L. Pan, T. Yokota, M. Suzuki, M. Shiotani, Y. Sasano, “Validation and data characteristics of nitrous oxide and methane profiles observed by the Improved Limb Atmospheric Spectrometer (ILAS) and processed with the Version 5.20 algorithm,” J. Geophys. Res. 108(D16), 8003–8038, 10.1029/2002JD002458 (2003).

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M. Stowasser, H. Oelhaf, R. Ruhnke, M. Chipperfield, G. Wetzel, F. Friedl-Vallon, A. Kleinert, A. Lengel, W. Kouker, G. Maucher, H. Nordmeyer, O. Trieschmann, T. v. Clarmann, H. Fischer, “A characterisation of the warm 1999 Arctic winter, by observations and modelling: NOy partitioning and dynamics,” J. Geophys. Res. 107(D19), 4376–4386 (2002).
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H. Kanzawa, T. Sugita, H. Nakajima, G. E. Bodeker, H. Oelhaf, M. Stowasser, G. Wetzel, A. Engel, U. Schmidt, I. Levin, G. C. Toon, B. Sen, J.-F. Blavier, S. Aoki, T. Nakazawa, K. W. Jucks, D. G. Johnson, W. A. Traub, C. Camy-Peyret, S. Payan, P. Jeseck, I. Murata, H. Fukunishi, M. von Koenig, H. Bremer, H. Kuellmann, J. H. Park, L. L. Pan, T. Yokota, M. Suzuki, M. Shiotani, Y. Sasano, “Validation and data characteristics of nitrous oxide and methane profiles observed by the Improved Limb Atmospheric Spectrometer (ILAS) and processed with the Version 5.20 algorithm,” J. Geophys. Res. 108(D16), 8003–8038, 10.1029/2002JD002458 (2003).

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H. Kanzawa, T. Sugita, H. Nakajima, G. E. Bodeker, H. Oelhaf, M. Stowasser, G. Wetzel, A. Engel, U. Schmidt, I. Levin, G. C. Toon, B. Sen, J.-F. Blavier, S. Aoki, T. Nakazawa, K. W. Jucks, D. G. Johnson, W. A. Traub, C. Camy-Peyret, S. Payan, P. Jeseck, I. Murata, H. Fukunishi, M. von Koenig, H. Bremer, H. Kuellmann, J. H. Park, L. L. Pan, T. Yokota, M. Suzuki, M. Shiotani, Y. Sasano, “Validation and data characteristics of nitrous oxide and methane profiles observed by the Improved Limb Atmospheric Spectrometer (ILAS) and processed with the Version 5.20 algorithm,” J. Geophys. Res. 108(D16), 8003–8038, 10.1029/2002JD002458 (2003).

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H. Kanzawa, T. Sugita, H. Nakajima, G. E. Bodeker, H. Oelhaf, M. Stowasser, G. Wetzel, A. Engel, U. Schmidt, I. Levin, G. C. Toon, B. Sen, J.-F. Blavier, S. Aoki, T. Nakazawa, K. W. Jucks, D. G. Johnson, W. A. Traub, C. Camy-Peyret, S. Payan, P. Jeseck, I. Murata, H. Fukunishi, M. von Koenig, H. Bremer, H. Kuellmann, J. H. Park, L. L. Pan, T. Yokota, M. Suzuki, M. Shiotani, Y. Sasano, “Validation and data characteristics of nitrous oxide and methane profiles observed by the Improved Limb Atmospheric Spectrometer (ILAS) and processed with the Version 5.20 algorithm,” J. Geophys. Res. 108(D16), 8003–8038, 10.1029/2002JD002458 (2003).

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M. Stowasser, H. Oelhaf, R. Ruhnke, M. Chipperfield, G. Wetzel, F. Friedl-Vallon, A. Kleinert, A. Lengel, W. Kouker, G. Maucher, H. Nordmeyer, O. Trieschmann, T. v. Clarmann, H. Fischer, “A characterisation of the warm 1999 Arctic winter, by observations and modelling: NOy partitioning and dynamics,” J. Geophys. Res. 107(D19), 4376–4386 (2002).
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G. Wetzel, H. Oelhaf, T. von Clarmann, H. Fischer, F. Friedl-Vallon, G. Maucher, M. Seefeldner, O. Trieschmann, F. Lefèvre, “Vertical profiles of N2O5, HO2NO2, and NO2 inside the Arctic vortex, retrieved from nocturnal MIPAS-B2 infrared limb emission measurements in February 1995,” J. Geophys. Res. 102(D15), 19177–19186 (1997).
[Crossref]

T. von Clarmann, G. Wetzel, H. Oelhaf, F. Friedl-Vallon, A. Linden, G. Maucher, M. Seefeldner, O. Trieschmann, F. Lefèvre, “ClONO2 vertical profile and estimated mixing ratios of ClO and HOCl in the winter Arctic stratosphere from MIPAS limb emission spectra,” J. Geophys. Res. 102, 16157–16168 (1997).
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E. Battistini, B. M. Dinelli, M. Carlotti, B. Carli, P. Raspollini, M. Ridolfi, F. Friedl-Vallon, M. Hoepfner, H. Oelhaf, O. Trieschmann, G. Wetzel, “Performances of MIPAS/ENVISAT Level 2 inversion algorithm with data measured by the balloon instrument MIPAS-B,” in Proceedings of the International Radiation Symposium, W. L. Smith, Y. M. Timofeyev, eds. (Deepak, Hampton, Va., 2001), pp. 361–364.

H. Oelhaf, G. Wetzel, M. Höpfner, F. Friedl-Vallon, N. Glatthor, G. Maucher, G. Stiller, O. Trieschmann, Th. von Clarmann, M. Birk, G. Wagner, “Interconsistency checks of ClONO2 retrievals from MIPAS-B spectra by using different bands and spectroscopic parameters,” in Proceedings of the International Radiation Symposium, W. L. Smith, Y. M. Timofeyev, eds. (Deepak, Hampton, Va., 2001), pp. 615–618.

H. Oelhaf, H. Fischer, G. Wetzel, M. Stowasser, F. Friedl-Vallon, G. Maucher, O. Trieschmann, R. Ruhnke, Y. Sasano, “Intercomparison of ILAS/ADEOS with MIPAS-B measurements in late March 1997,” in Optical Remote Sensing of the Atmosphere and Clouds, J. Wang, T. Ogawa, Z.-h. Guan, eds. Proc. SPIE3501, 92–100 (1998).
[Crossref]

O. Trieschmann, F. Friedl-Vallon, A. Lengel, H. Oelhaf, G. Wetzel, H. Fischer, “An advanced phase correction approach to obtain radiometric calibrated spectra of the optically well balanced balloon borne Fourier Transform Spectrometer MIPAS-B2,” in Optical Spectroscopic Techniques and Instrumentation for Atmospheric and Space Research III, A. M. Larar, ed., SPIE 3756, 17–24 (1999).

Tsias, A.

A. E. Waibel, Th. Peter, K. S. Carslaw, H. Oelhaf, G. Wetzel, P. J. Crutzen, U. Pöschl, A. Tsias, E. Reimer, H. Fischer, “Arctic ozone loss due to denitrification,” Science 283, 2064–2068 (1999).
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F. H. Murcray, F. J. Murcray, D. G. Murcray, J. Pritchard, G. Vanasse, H. Sakai, “Liquid nitrogen-cooled Fourier transform spectrometer system for measuring atmospheric emission at high altitudes,” J. Atmos. Ocean. Technol. 1, 351–357, 1984.
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T. von Clarmann, A. Linden, H. Oelhaf, H. Fischer, F. Friedl-Vallon, C. Piesch, M. Seefeldner, W. Völker, R. Bauer, A. Engel, U. Schmidt, “Determination of the stratospheric organic chlorine budget in the spring arctic vortex from MIPAS-B limb emission spectra and air sampling experiments,” J. Geophys. Res. 100, 13979–13997 (1995).
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H. Oelhaf, T. von Clarmann, H. Fischer, F. Friedl-Vallon, C. Fritzsche, A. Linden, C. Piesch, M. Seefeldner, W. Völker, “Stratospheric ClONO2 and HNO3 profiles inside the Arctic vortex from MIPAS-B limb emission spectra obtained during EASOE,” Geophys. Res. Lett. 21, 1263–1266 (1994).
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G. Wetzel, H. Oelhaf, R. Ruhnke, F. Friedl-Vallon, A. Kleinert, W. Kouker, G. Maucher, Th. Reddmann, M. Seefeldner, M. Stowasser, O. Trieschmann, T. von Clarmann, H. Fischer, “NO2 partitioning and budget and its correlation with N2O in the Arctic vortex and in summer mid-latitudes in 1997,” J. Geophys. Res. 107(D16), 4280–4290, 10.1029/2001JD000916 (2002).

G. Wetzel, H. Oelhaf, T. von Clarmann, H. Fischer, F. Friedl-Vallon, G. Maucher, M. Seefeldner, O. Trieschmann, F. Lefèvre, “Vertical profiles of N2O5, HO2NO2, and NO2 inside the Arctic vortex, retrieved from nocturnal MIPAS-B2 infrared limb emission measurements in February 1995,” J. Geophys. Res. 102(D15), 19177–19186 (1997).
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T. von Clarmann, G. Wetzel, H. Oelhaf, F. Friedl-Vallon, A. Linden, G. Maucher, M. Seefeldner, O. Trieschmann, F. Lefèvre, “ClONO2 vertical profile and estimated mixing ratios of ClO and HOCl in the winter Arctic stratosphere from MIPAS limb emission spectra,” J. Geophys. Res. 102, 16157–16168 (1997).
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G. Wetzel, T. von Clarmann, H. Oelhaf, H. Fischer, “Vertical profiles of N2O5 along with CH4, N2O, and H2O in the late Arctic winter retrieved from MIPAS-B infrared limb emission measurements,” J. Geophys. Res. 100, 23173–23181 (1995).
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T. von Clarmann, A. Linden, H. Oelhaf, H. Fischer, F. Friedl-Vallon, C. Piesch, M. Seefeldner, W. Völker, R. Bauer, A. Engel, U. Schmidt, “Determination of the stratospheric organic chlorine budget in the spring arctic vortex from MIPAS-B limb emission spectra and air sampling experiments,” J. Geophys. Res. 100, 13979–13997 (1995).
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R. Müller, Th. Peter, P. J. Crutzen, H. Oelhaf, G. P. Adrian, T. von Clarmann, A. Wegner, U. Schmidt, D. Lary, “Chlorine chemistry and the potential for ozone depletion in the arctic stratosphere in the winter of 1991/1992,” Geophys. Res. Lett. 21, 1427–1430 (1994).
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H. Oelhaf, T. von Clarmann, H. Fischer, F. Friedl-Vallon, C. Fritzsche, A. Linden, C. Piesch, M. Seefeldner, W. Völker, “Stratospheric ClONO2 and HNO3 profiles inside the Arctic vortex from MIPAS-B limb emission spectra obtained during EASOE,” Geophys. Res. Lett. 21, 1263–1266 (1994).
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von Clarmann, Th.

H. Oelhaf, G. Wetzel, M. Höpfner, F. Friedl-Vallon, N. Glatthor, G. Maucher, G. Stiller, O. Trieschmann, Th. von Clarmann, M. Birk, G. Wagner, “Interconsistency checks of ClONO2 retrievals from MIPAS-B spectra by using different bands and spectroscopic parameters,” in Proceedings of the International Radiation Symposium, W. L. Smith, Y. M. Timofeyev, eds. (Deepak, Hampton, Va., 2001), pp. 615–618.

von Koenig, M.

H. Kanzawa, T. Sugita, H. Nakajima, G. E. Bodeker, H. Oelhaf, M. Stowasser, G. Wetzel, A. Engel, U. Schmidt, I. Levin, G. C. Toon, B. Sen, J.-F. Blavier, S. Aoki, T. Nakazawa, K. W. Jucks, D. G. Johnson, W. A. Traub, C. Camy-Peyret, S. Payan, P. Jeseck, I. Murata, H. Fukunishi, M. von Koenig, H. Bremer, H. Kuellmann, J. H. Park, L. L. Pan, T. Yokota, M. Suzuki, M. Shiotani, Y. Sasano, “Validation and data characteristics of nitrous oxide and methane profiles observed by the Improved Limb Atmospheric Spectrometer (ILAS) and processed with the Version 5.20 algorithm,” J. Geophys. Res. 108(D16), 8003–8038, 10.1029/2002JD002458 (2003).

Wagner, G.

H. Oelhaf, G. Wetzel, M. Höpfner, F. Friedl-Vallon, N. Glatthor, G. Maucher, G. Stiller, O. Trieschmann, Th. von Clarmann, M. Birk, G. Wagner, “Interconsistency checks of ClONO2 retrievals from MIPAS-B spectra by using different bands and spectroscopic parameters,” in Proceedings of the International Radiation Symposium, W. L. Smith, Y. M. Timofeyev, eds. (Deepak, Hampton, Va., 2001), pp. 615–618.

Waibel, A. E.

A. E. Waibel, Th. Peter, K. S. Carslaw, H. Oelhaf, G. Wetzel, P. J. Crutzen, U. Pöschl, A. Tsias, E. Reimer, H. Fischer, “Arctic ozone loss due to denitrification,” Science 283, 2064–2068 (1999).
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Wegner, A.

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Wetzel, G.

J. T. Evans, M. P. Chipperfield, H. Oelhaf, M. Stowasser, G. Wetzel, “Effect of near-IR photolysis of HO2NO2 on stratospheric chemistry,” Geophys. Res. Lett. 30, 1223–1227, 10.1029/2002GL016470 (2003).
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H. Kanzawa, T. Sugita, H. Nakajima, G. E. Bodeker, H. Oelhaf, M. Stowasser, G. Wetzel, A. Engel, U. Schmidt, I. Levin, G. C. Toon, B. Sen, J.-F. Blavier, S. Aoki, T. Nakazawa, K. W. Jucks, D. G. Johnson, W. A. Traub, C. Camy-Peyret, S. Payan, P. Jeseck, I. Murata, H. Fukunishi, M. von Koenig, H. Bremer, H. Kuellmann, J. H. Park, L. L. Pan, T. Yokota, M. Suzuki, M. Shiotani, Y. Sasano, “Validation and data characteristics of nitrous oxide and methane profiles observed by the Improved Limb Atmospheric Spectrometer (ILAS) and processed with the Version 5.20 algorithm,” J. Geophys. Res. 108(D16), 8003–8038, 10.1029/2002JD002458 (2003).

H. Irie, Y. Kondo, M. Koike, M. Y. Danilin, C. Camy-Peyret, S. Payan, J. P. Pommereau, F. Goutail, J.-B. Renard, H. Oelhaf, G. Wetzel, G. C. Toon, B. Sen, J.-F. Blavier, R. Salawitch, R. M. Bevilacqua, J. M. Russell, H Kanzawa, H. Nakajima, Y. Yokota, T. Sugita, Y. Sasano, “Validation of NO2 and HNO3 measurements from the Improved Limb Atmospheric Spectrometer (ILAS) with the version 5.20 retrieval algorithm,” J. Geophys. Res. 107(D24), 8206–8217, 10.1029/2001JD001304 (2002).

G. Wetzel, H. Oelhaf, R. Ruhnke, F. Friedl-Vallon, A. Kleinert, W. Kouker, G. Maucher, Th. Reddmann, M. Seefeldner, M. Stowasser, O. Trieschmann, T. von Clarmann, H. Fischer, “NO2 partitioning and budget and its correlation with N2O in the Arctic vortex and in summer mid-latitudes in 1997,” J. Geophys. Res. 107(D16), 4280–4290, 10.1029/2001JD000916 (2002).

M. Stowasser, H. Oelhaf, R. Ruhnke, M. Chipperfield, G. Wetzel, F. Friedl-Vallon, A. Kleinert, A. Lengel, W. Kouker, G. Maucher, H. Nordmeyer, O. Trieschmann, T. v. Clarmann, H. Fischer, “A characterisation of the warm 1999 Arctic winter, by observations and modelling: NOy partitioning and dynamics,” J. Geophys. Res. 107(D19), 4376–4386 (2002).
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[Crossref]

A. E. Waibel, Th. Peter, K. S. Carslaw, H. Oelhaf, G. Wetzel, P. J. Crutzen, U. Pöschl, A. Tsias, E. Reimer, H. Fischer, “Arctic ozone loss due to denitrification,” Science 283, 2064–2068 (1999).
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T. Sugita, Y. Kondo, H. Nakajima, U. Schmidt, A. Engel, H. Oelhaf, G. Wetzel, “Denitrification observed inside the Arctic vortex in February 1995,” J. Geophys. Res. 103, 16221–16233 (1998).
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G. Wetzel, H. Oelhaf, T. von Clarmann, H. Fischer, F. Friedl-Vallon, G. Maucher, M. Seefeldner, O. Trieschmann, F. Lefèvre, “Vertical profiles of N2O5, HO2NO2, and NO2 inside the Arctic vortex, retrieved from nocturnal MIPAS-B2 infrared limb emission measurements in February 1995,” J. Geophys. Res. 102(D15), 19177–19186 (1997).
[Crossref]

T. von Clarmann, G. Wetzel, H. Oelhaf, F. Friedl-Vallon, A. Linden, G. Maucher, M. Seefeldner, O. Trieschmann, F. Lefèvre, “ClONO2 vertical profile and estimated mixing ratios of ClO and HOCl in the winter Arctic stratosphere from MIPAS limb emission spectra,” J. Geophys. Res. 102, 16157–16168 (1997).
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G. Wetzel, T. von Clarmann, H. Oelhaf, H. Fischer, “Vertical profiles of N2O5 along with CH4, N2O, and H2O in the late Arctic winter retrieved from MIPAS-B infrared limb emission measurements,” J. Geophys. Res. 100, 23173–23181 (1995).
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M. Stowasser, H. Oelhaf, R. Ruhnke, A. Kleinert, G. Wetzel, F. Friedl-Vallon, W. Kouker, A. Lengel, G. Maucher, H. Nordmeyer, Th. Reddmann, H. Fischer, “The variation of short-lived NOy species around sunrise at mid-latitudes as measured by MIPAS-B and calculated by KASIMA,” Geophys. Res. Lett.30, 1432–1436, 10.1029/2002GL016727 (2003).

H. Oelhaf, H. Fischer, G. Wetzel, M. Stowasser, F. Friedl-Vallon, G. Maucher, O. Trieschmann, R. Ruhnke, Y. Sasano, “Intercomparison of ILAS/ADEOS with MIPAS-B measurements in late March 1997,” in Optical Remote Sensing of the Atmosphere and Clouds, J. Wang, T. Ogawa, Z.-h. Guan, eds. Proc. SPIE3501, 92–100 (1998).
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M. Höpfner, H. Oelhaf, G. Wetzel, F. Friedl-Vallon, A. Kleinert, A. Lengel, G. Maucher, H. Nordmeyer, N. Glatthor, G. Stiller, T. v. Clarmann, H. Fischer, C. Kröger, T. Deshler, “Evidence of scattering of tropospheric radiation by PSCs in mid-IR limb emission spectra: MIPAS-B observations and KOPRA simulations,” Geophys. Res. Lett.29, 1278–1281, 10.1029/2001GL014443 (2002).

H. Oelhaf, G. Wetzel, M. Höpfner, F. Friedl-Vallon, N. Glatthor, G. Maucher, G. Stiller, O. Trieschmann, Th. von Clarmann, M. Birk, G. Wagner, “Interconsistency checks of ClONO2 retrievals from MIPAS-B spectra by using different bands and spectroscopic parameters,” in Proceedings of the International Radiation Symposium, W. L. Smith, Y. M. Timofeyev, eds. (Deepak, Hampton, Va., 2001), pp. 615–618.

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O. Trieschmann, F. Friedl-Vallon, A. Lengel, H. Oelhaf, G. Wetzel, H. Fischer, “An advanced phase correction approach to obtain radiometric calibrated spectra of the optically well balanced balloon borne Fourier Transform Spectrometer MIPAS-B2,” in Optical Spectroscopic Techniques and Instrumentation for Atmospheric and Space Research III, A. M. Larar, ed., SPIE 3756, 17–24 (1999).

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M. Koike, Y. Kondo, H. Irie, F. J. Murcray, J. Williams, P. Fogal, R. Blatherwick, C. Camy-Peyret, S. Payan, H. Oelhaf, G. Wetzel, W. Traub, D. Johnson, K. Jucks, G. C. Toon, B. Sen, J.-F. Blavier, H. Schlager, H. Ziereis, N. Toriyama, M. Y. Danilin, J. M. Rodriguez, H. Kanzawa, Y. Sasano, “A comparison of Arctic HNO3 profiles measured by the Improved Limb Atmospheric Spectrometer and balloon-borne sensors,” J. Geophys. Res. 105(D5), 6761–6771 (2000).
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H. Kanzawa, T. Sugita, H. Nakajima, G. E. Bodeker, H. Oelhaf, M. Stowasser, G. Wetzel, A. Engel, U. Schmidt, I. Levin, G. C. Toon, B. Sen, J.-F. Blavier, S. Aoki, T. Nakazawa, K. W. Jucks, D. G. Johnson, W. A. Traub, C. Camy-Peyret, S. Payan, P. Jeseck, I. Murata, H. Fukunishi, M. von Koenig, H. Bremer, H. Kuellmann, J. H. Park, L. L. Pan, T. Yokota, M. Suzuki, M. Shiotani, Y. Sasano, “Validation and data characteristics of nitrous oxide and methane profiles observed by the Improved Limb Atmospheric Spectrometer (ILAS) and processed with the Version 5.20 algorithm,” J. Geophys. Res. 108(D16), 8003–8038, 10.1029/2002JD002458 (2003).

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H. Irie, Y. Kondo, M. Koike, M. Y. Danilin, C. Camy-Peyret, S. Payan, J. P. Pommereau, F. Goutail, J.-B. Renard, H. Oelhaf, G. Wetzel, G. C. Toon, B. Sen, J.-F. Blavier, R. Salawitch, R. M. Bevilacqua, J. M. Russell, H Kanzawa, H. Nakajima, Y. Yokota, T. Sugita, Y. Sasano, “Validation of NO2 and HNO3 measurements from the Improved Limb Atmospheric Spectrometer (ILAS) with the version 5.20 retrieval algorithm,” J. Geophys. Res. 107(D24), 8206–8217, 10.1029/2001JD001304 (2002).

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M. R. Gunson, M. M. Abbas, M. C. Abrams, M. Allen, L. R. Brown, T. L. Brown, A. Y. Chang, A. Goldman, F. W. Irion, L. L. Lowes, E. Mahieu, G. L. Manney, H. A. Michelsen, M. J. Newchurch, C. P. Rinsland, R. J. Salawitch, G. P. Stiller, G. C. Toon, Y. L. Yung, R. Zander, “The Atmospheric Trace Molecule Spectroscopy (ATMOS) experiment: deployment on the ATLAS Space Shuttle missions,” Geophys. Res. Lett. 23, 2333–2336 (1996).
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Ziereis, H.

M. Koike, Y. Kondo, H. Irie, F. J. Murcray, J. Williams, P. Fogal, R. Blatherwick, C. Camy-Peyret, S. Payan, H. Oelhaf, G. Wetzel, W. Traub, D. Johnson, K. Jucks, G. C. Toon, B. Sen, J.-F. Blavier, H. Schlager, H. Ziereis, N. Toriyama, M. Y. Danilin, J. M. Rodriguez, H. Kanzawa, Y. Sasano, “A comparison of Arctic HNO3 profiles measured by the Improved Limb Atmospheric Spectrometer and balloon-borne sensors,” J. Geophys. Res. 105(D5), 6761–6771 (2000).
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H. Oelhaf, T. von Clarmann, H. Fischer, F. Friedl-Vallon, C. Fritzsche, A. Linden, C. Piesch, M. Seefeldner, W. Völker, “Stratospheric ClONO2 and HNO3 profiles inside the Arctic vortex from MIPAS-B limb emission spectra obtained during EASOE,” Geophys. Res. Lett. 21, 1263–1266 (1994).
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R. Müller, Th. Peter, P. J. Crutzen, H. Oelhaf, G. P. Adrian, T. von Clarmann, A. Wegner, U. Schmidt, D. Lary, “Chlorine chemistry and the potential for ozone depletion in the arctic stratosphere in the winter of 1991/1992,” Geophys. Res. Lett. 21, 1427–1430 (1994).
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J. T. Evans, M. P. Chipperfield, H. Oelhaf, M. Stowasser, G. Wetzel, “Effect of near-IR photolysis of HO2NO2 on stratospheric chemistry,” Geophys. Res. Lett. 30, 1223–1227, 10.1029/2002GL016470 (2003).
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IEEE Trans. Geosci. Remote Sens. (1)

P. Burkert, F. Fergg, H. Fischer, “A compact high-resolution Michelson Interferometer for Passive Atmospheric Sounding (MIPAS),” IEEE Trans. Geosci. Remote Sens. GE-21, 345–349 (1983).
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J. Appl. Phys. (1)

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M. Hoepfner, C. E. Blom, H. Fischer, N. Glatthor, T. Gulde, C. Piesch, W. Renger, M. Wirth, “HNO3 and PSC Measurements from the TRANSALL: sequestering of HNO3 in the Winter of 1994/95,” J. Atmos. Chem. 30, 61–80 (1998).
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C. Camy-Peyret, J. M. Flaud, A. Perrin, C. P. Rinsland, A. Goldmann, F. Murcray, “Stratospheric N2O5, CH4, and N2O profiles from IR solar occultation spectra,” J. Atmos. Chem. 16, 31–40 (1993).
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F. H. Murcray, F. J. Murcray, D. G. Murcray, J. Pritchard, G. Vanasse, H. Sakai, “Liquid nitrogen-cooled Fourier transform spectrometer system for measuring atmospheric emission at high altitudes,” J. Atmos. Ocean. Technol. 1, 351–357, 1984.
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M. T. Coffey, W. G. Mankin, A. Goldman, “Simultaneous spectroscopic determination of the latitudinal, seasonal, and diurnal variability of stratospheric N2O, NO2, and HNO3,” J. Geophys. Res. 86, 7331–7341 (1981).
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D. G. Johnson, K. W. Jucks, W. A. Traub, K. V. Chance, “Smithsonian stratospheric far-infrared spectrometer and data reduction system,” J. Geophys. Res. 100, 3091–3106 (1995).
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G. Wetzel, T. von Clarmann, H. Oelhaf, H. Fischer, “Vertical profiles of N2O5 along with CH4, N2O, and H2O in the late Arctic winter retrieved from MIPAS-B infrared limb emission measurements,” J. Geophys. Res. 100, 23173–23181 (1995).
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T. von Clarmann, A. Linden, H. Oelhaf, H. Fischer, F. Friedl-Vallon, C. Piesch, M. Seefeldner, W. Völker, R. Bauer, A. Engel, U. Schmidt, “Determination of the stratospheric organic chlorine budget in the spring arctic vortex from MIPAS-B limb emission spectra and air sampling experiments,” J. Geophys. Res. 100, 13979–13997 (1995).
[Crossref]

T. Sugita, Y. Kondo, H. Nakajima, U. Schmidt, A. Engel, H. Oelhaf, G. Wetzel, “Denitrification observed inside the Arctic vortex in February 1995,” J. Geophys. Res. 103, 16221–16233 (1998).
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M. Stowasser, H. Oelhaf, G. Wetzel, F. Friedl-Vallon, G. Maucher, M. Seefeldner, O. Trieschmann, T. v. Clarmann, H. Fischer, “Simultaneous measurements of HDO, H2O and CH4 with MIPAS-B: hydrogen budget and indication of dehydration inside the polar vortex,” J. Geophys. Res. 104, 19213–19255 (1999).
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G. Wetzel, H. Oelhaf, T. von Clarmann, H. Fischer, F. Friedl-Vallon, G. Maucher, M. Seefeldner, O. Trieschmann, F. Lefèvre, “Vertical profiles of N2O5, HO2NO2, and NO2 inside the Arctic vortex, retrieved from nocturnal MIPAS-B2 infrared limb emission measurements in February 1995,” J. Geophys. Res. 102(D15), 19177–19186 (1997).
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G. Wetzel, H. Oelhaf, R. Ruhnke, F. Friedl-Vallon, A. Kleinert, W. Kouker, G. Maucher, Th. Reddmann, M. Seefeldner, M. Stowasser, O. Trieschmann, T. von Clarmann, H. Fischer, “NO2 partitioning and budget and its correlation with N2O in the Arctic vortex and in summer mid-latitudes in 1997,” J. Geophys. Res. 107(D16), 4280–4290, 10.1029/2001JD000916 (2002).

M. Stowasser, H. Oelhaf, R. Ruhnke, M. Chipperfield, G. Wetzel, F. Friedl-Vallon, A. Kleinert, A. Lengel, W. Kouker, G. Maucher, H. Nordmeyer, O. Trieschmann, T. v. Clarmann, H. Fischer, “A characterisation of the warm 1999 Arctic winter, by observations and modelling: NOy partitioning and dynamics,” J. Geophys. Res. 107(D19), 4376–4386 (2002).
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T. von Clarmann, G. Wetzel, H. Oelhaf, F. Friedl-Vallon, A. Linden, G. Maucher, M. Seefeldner, O. Trieschmann, F. Lefèvre, “ClONO2 vertical profile and estimated mixing ratios of ClO and HOCl in the winter Arctic stratosphere from MIPAS limb emission spectra,” J. Geophys. Res. 102, 16157–16168 (1997).
[Crossref]

G. Becker, R. Müller, D. S. McKenna, M. Rex, K. S. Carslaw, H. Oelhaf, “Ozone loss rates in the Arctic stratosphere in the winter 1994/95: model calculations underestimate results of the Match analysis,” J. Geophys. Res. 105, 15175–15184 (2000).
[Crossref]

M. Koike, Y. Kondo, H. Irie, F. J. Murcray, J. Williams, P. Fogal, R. Blatherwick, C. Camy-Peyret, S. Payan, H. Oelhaf, G. Wetzel, W. Traub, D. Johnson, K. Jucks, G. C. Toon, B. Sen, J.-F. Blavier, H. Schlager, H. Ziereis, N. Toriyama, M. Y. Danilin, J. M. Rodriguez, H. Kanzawa, Y. Sasano, “A comparison of Arctic HNO3 profiles measured by the Improved Limb Atmospheric Spectrometer and balloon-borne sensors,” J. Geophys. Res. 105(D5), 6761–6771 (2000).
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H. Irie, Y. Kondo, M. Koike, M. Y. Danilin, C. Camy-Peyret, S. Payan, J. P. Pommereau, F. Goutail, J.-B. Renard, H. Oelhaf, G. Wetzel, G. C. Toon, B. Sen, J.-F. Blavier, R. Salawitch, R. M. Bevilacqua, J. M. Russell, H Kanzawa, H. Nakajima, Y. Yokota, T. Sugita, Y. Sasano, “Validation of NO2 and HNO3 measurements from the Improved Limb Atmospheric Spectrometer (ILAS) with the version 5.20 retrieval algorithm,” J. Geophys. Res. 107(D24), 8206–8217, 10.1029/2001JD001304 (2002).

H. Kanzawa, T. Sugita, H. Nakajima, G. E. Bodeker, H. Oelhaf, M. Stowasser, G. Wetzel, A. Engel, U. Schmidt, I. Levin, G. C. Toon, B. Sen, J.-F. Blavier, S. Aoki, T. Nakazawa, K. W. Jucks, D. G. Johnson, W. A. Traub, C. Camy-Peyret, S. Payan, P. Jeseck, I. Murata, H. Fukunishi, M. von Koenig, H. Bremer, H. Kuellmann, J. H. Park, L. L. Pan, T. Yokota, M. Suzuki, M. Shiotani, Y. Sasano, “Validation and data characteristics of nitrous oxide and methane profiles observed by the Improved Limb Atmospheric Spectrometer (ILAS) and processed with the Version 5.20 algorithm,” J. Geophys. Res. 108(D16), 8003–8038, 10.1029/2002JD002458 (2003).

J. Opt. Soc. Am. (1)

J. Quant. Spectrosc. Radiat. Transfer (1)

G. Echle, H. Oelhaf, A. Wegner, “On the potential of IR limb emission spectroscopy for the measurement of the stratospheric composition,” J. Quant. Spectrosc. Radiat. Transfer 52, 253–265 (1994).
[Crossref]

Opt. Photonics News (1)

G. C. Toon, “The JPL MkIV Interferometer,” Opt. Photonics News 2(10), 19–21 (1991).
[Crossref]

Science (1)

A. E. Waibel, Th. Peter, K. S. Carslaw, H. Oelhaf, G. Wetzel, P. J. Crutzen, U. Pöschl, A. Tsias, E. Reimer, H. Fischer, “Arctic ozone loss due to denitrification,” Science 283, 2064–2068 (1999).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Other (18)

L. Mertz, Transformations in Optics (Wiley, New York, 1965).

O. Trieschmann, F. Friedl-Vallon, A. Lengel, H. Oelhaf, G. Wetzel, H. Fischer, “An advanced phase correction approach to obtain radiometric calibrated spectra of the optically well balanced balloon borne Fourier Transform Spectrometer MIPAS-B2,” in Optical Spectroscopic Techniques and Instrumentation for Atmospheric and Space Research III, A. M. Larar, ed., SPIE 3756, 17–24 (1999).

G. P. Stiller, ed., with contributions from T. v. Clarmann, A. Dudhia, G. Echle, B. Funke, N. Glatthor, F. Hase, M. Höpfner, S. Kellmann, H. Kemnitzer, M. Kuntz, A. Linden, M. Linder, G. P. Stiller, S. Zorn, “The Karlsruhe Optimized and Precise Radiative transfer Algorithm (KOPRA),” Wissenschaftliche Berichte, Ber. 6487 (Forschungszentrum Karlsruhe, Karlsruhe, Germany, 2000).

D. Kley, J. M. Russell, C. Phillips, eds., “SPARC Assessment of Upper Tropospheric and Stratospheric Water Vapor,” SPARC Rep. 2, WCRP-113, WMO/TD 1043 (SPARC, Washington, D.C., 2000).

K. Carslaw, H. Oelhaf, “Polar ozone,” in European Research in the Stratosphere, 1996–2000: Advances to Our Understanding of the Ozone Layer During THESEO, EUR 19867 (European Commission, Directorate-General Research, Environment and Sustainable Development, European Communities, Luxembourg, Luexembourg, 2001), pp. 69–132.

H. Fischer, C. Blom, H. Oelhaf, B. Carli, M. Carlotti, L. Delbouille, D. Ehhalt, J.-M. Flaud, I. Isaksen, M. Lopez-Puertas, C. T. McElroy, R. Zander, Envisat—MIPAS, the Michelson Interferometer for Passive Atmospheric Sounding; An instrument for atmospheric chemistry and climate research, ESA SP-1229C. Readings, R. A. Harris, eds. (European Space Agency, Noordwijk, The Netherlands, 2000).

H. Nett, G. Perron, M. Sanchez, A. Burgess, P. Mosner, “MIPAS in-flight calibration and processor verification,” in Envisat Calibration Review Proceedings, ESA SP-250H. Sawaya-Lacoste, ed., (European Space Agency, Noordwijk, The Netherlands, 2000), http://envisat.esa.int/calval/proceedings/mipas/mipas_03.pdf .

H. Oelhaf, F. Friedl-Vallon, A. Kleinert, A. Lengel, G. Maucher, H. Nordmeyer, G. Wetzel, G. Zhang, H. Fischer, “ENVISAT validation with MIPAS-B,” in Proceedings of the Envisat Validation Workshop, ESA SP-531H. Sawaya-Lacoste, ed. (European Space Agency, Noordwijk, The Netherlands, 2003), http://envisat.esa.int/pub/ESA_DOC/envisat_val_1202/proceedings/ACV/balloon/02_oelhaf.pdf .

E. Battistini, B. M. Dinelli, M. Carlotti, B. Carli, P. Raspollini, M. Ridolfi, F. Friedl-Vallon, M. Hoepfner, H. Oelhaf, O. Trieschmann, G. Wetzel, “Performances of MIPAS/ENVISAT Level 2 inversion algorithm with data measured by the balloon instrument MIPAS-B,” in Proceedings of the International Radiation Symposium, W. L. Smith, Y. M. Timofeyev, eds. (Deepak, Hampton, Va., 2001), pp. 361–364.

C. Broxmeyer, Inertial Navigation Systems (McGraw-Hill, New York, 1964).

M. Seefeldner, C. Keim, “The pointing and the star reference system of the MIPAS-B2 gondola, part 1: The pointing system,” in Proceedings of the twelfth ESA Symposium on Rocket and Balloon Programmes and Related ResearchESA SP-370 (European Space Agency, Noordwijk, The Netherlands, 1995), pp. 505–510.

F. Wildi, “New concepts and performances in azimuth control of large balloon gondolas,” Tenth Symposium on European Rocket and Balloon Programmes and Related Research, ESA-SP 317 (European Space Agency, Noordwijk, The Netherlands, 1995), pp. 357–361.

G. Maucher, “The pointing and the star reference system of the MIPAS-B2 gondola, part 2: the star reference system,” in Proceedings of the Twelfth ESA Symposium on Rocket and Balloon Programmes and Related Research, ESA SP-370 (European Space Agency, Noordwijk, The Netherlands, 1995), pp. 511–514.

M. Höpfner, H. Oelhaf, G. Wetzel, F. Friedl-Vallon, A. Kleinert, A. Lengel, G. Maucher, H. Nordmeyer, N. Glatthor, G. Stiller, T. v. Clarmann, H. Fischer, C. Kröger, T. Deshler, “Evidence of scattering of tropospheric radiation by PSCs in mid-IR limb emission spectra: MIPAS-B observations and KOPRA simulations,” Geophys. Res. Lett.29, 1278–1281, 10.1029/2001GL014443 (2002).

H. Oelhaf, G. Wetzel, M. Höpfner, F. Friedl-Vallon, N. Glatthor, G. Maucher, G. Stiller, O. Trieschmann, Th. von Clarmann, M. Birk, G. Wagner, “Interconsistency checks of ClONO2 retrievals from MIPAS-B spectra by using different bands and spectroscopic parameters,” in Proceedings of the International Radiation Symposium, W. L. Smith, Y. M. Timofeyev, eds. (Deepak, Hampton, Va., 2001), pp. 615–618.

H. Oelhaf, H. Fischer, G. Wetzel, M. Stowasser, F. Friedl-Vallon, G. Maucher, O. Trieschmann, R. Ruhnke, Y. Sasano, “Intercomparison of ILAS/ADEOS with MIPAS-B measurements in late March 1997,” in Optical Remote Sensing of the Atmosphere and Clouds, J. Wang, T. Ogawa, Z.-h. Guan, eds. Proc. SPIE3501, 92–100 (1998).
[Crossref]

C. Piesch, T. Gulde, C. Sartorius, F. Friedl-Vallon, M. Seefeldner, M. Wölfel, C. E. Blom, H. Fischer, “Design of a MIPAS instrument for high-altitude aircraft,” Proceedings of the Second International Airborne Remote Sensing Conference and Exhibition [Environmental Research Institute of Michigan (ERIM), Ann Arbor, Mich., 1996] Vol. II, pp. 199–208.

M. Stowasser, H. Oelhaf, R. Ruhnke, A. Kleinert, G. Wetzel, F. Friedl-Vallon, W. Kouker, A. Lengel, G. Maucher, H. Nordmeyer, Th. Reddmann, H. Fischer, “The variation of short-lived NOy species around sunrise at mid-latitudes as measured by MIPAS-B and calculated by KASIMA,” Geophys. Res. Lett.30, 1432–1436, 10.1029/2002GL016727 (2003).

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Figures (16)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

NESR requirements (thin lines) and expected maximum spectral radiance (thick lines).

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

Functional scheme of the MIPAS-B2 instrument.

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

Schematic drawing of the MIPAS-B2 optical setup: (1) scan-mirror, (2) star camera, (3) blackbody, (4) telescope, (5) moving part of the double-pendulum interferometer, (6) beam-splitter unit, (7) detector dewar, (8) mounting frame.

Fig. 4
Fig. 4

MIPAS-B2 gondola nearly ready for launch from Esrange, Sweden, on 12 February 2002.

Fig. 5
Fig. 5

Functional scheme of the LOS control system of MIPAS-B2. The outer box represents the gondola; the gray arrows denote the incoming infrared radiation from the atmosphere and the light from the stars.

Fig. 6
Fig. 6

(a) Illustration of the different radiation ports and their phase relations in the complex plane for one wave number. The total spectrum is given by the vectorial sum of the three ports. (b) Same as (a), but with an additional phase error Φ.

Fig. 7
Fig. 7

FOV distribution of the four channels of MIPAS-B2 measured before flight 8.

Fig. 8
Fig. 8

Stray-light properties of MIPAS-B2: measured values (circles) in comparison with a model calculation (triangles). The nominal radius of the FOV is 2.5 mrad.

Fig. 9
Fig. 9

NESR for single spectra (apodized) for all channels, deduced from variance spectra of blackbody measurements during flight 13.

Fig. 10
Fig. 10

Reconstruction of the original baseline from a simulated uncalibrated deep space spectrum for an Arctic winter flight situation in channel 1. The residual is the difference between the reconstructed and the original baseline.

Fig. 11
Fig. 11

Nonlinearity artifacts measured in channel 1 during flight 10. The initial spectrum is plotted in black, the corrected spectrum is plotted in gray.

Fig. 12
Fig. 12

Analysis of systematic error sources for flight 10. Only the main contributions to the total gain error are displayed.

Fig. 13
Fig. 13

Comparison of the deconvoluted ILS of flight 6 at three wave numbers with the ideal sinc function of an instrument with a 14.5-cm maximum OPD (shift is omitted). The decrease of the maximum and the growing FWHM with increasing wave number are both an effect of the finite divergence pattern inside the interferometer. The theoretical ILS curves of an instrument with an interferometer divergence of 6.188 mrad are omitted because there are almost no visible differences from the deconvoluted curves.

Fig. 14
Fig. 14

FWHM of the ILS obtained by deconvolution from spectra measured during flight 6 (dotted) compared with the optimal FWHM for an instrument with the same physical parameters (solid curve); for details, see text.

Fig. 15
Fig. 15

Assessment of the pointing performance of flight 10 during the night limb-scanning sequence before the cut at 15:55. The stepped line indicates the commanded elevation angles in degrees (right-hand axis). The diamonds indicate the differences between the commanded LOS and the LOS derived from the star camera system (left-hand axis). The solid curve between the diamonds shows an error estimation of the AHRS itself, which is consistent with the LOS errors as characterized by the star camera. The error in the LOS after the azimuth turn arises through a small scaling error in the AHRS. The offset of -0.5 mrad is due to the thermal warping of the instrument.

Fig. 16
Fig. 16

Complete limb sequence measured on 24 September 2002 in mid-latitudes of a narrow spectral region inside channel 3 dedicated for the retrieval of NO2: tangent altitudes between 6 and 37 km are displayed. Most lines are due to NO2.

Tables (3)

Tables Icon

Table 1 Milestones of the MIPAS-B Project

Tables Icon

Table 2 Target Molecules and Spectral Regions of High Scientific Interest

Tables Icon

Table 3 Performance of the LOS System

Equations (11)

Equations on this page are rendered with MathJax. Learn more.

Φ=Φinstr+Φlin=Φinstr+a+bσ-σ0,
G=SBB-SDSLBBT.
LA=SAG-L0, L0=SDSG.
ΔS=ImSsinΔΦ-ReS1-cosΔΦImSΔΦ.
IFGmeasIFGlin+a2IFGlin2+a3IFGlin3.
SmeasSlin+a2SlinSlin+a3SlinSlinSlin.
DCmeas=DClin+a2DClin-DCref2+a3DClin-DCref3,
Soutσ=ILSσSinσ.
FT+Soutσ=FT+ ILSσFT+Sinσ.
MODx=FT+SoutσFT+Sinσ, ILSσ=FT- MODx.
Sout,new=RSout-RR¯SinILS+R¯RSinILS,

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