Abstract

We use the separated-beams method to measure the second-order nonlinear optical tensors of the crystals KTiOPO4, KTiOAsO4, RbTiOPO4, and RbTiOAsO4 for second-harmonic generation of 1064-nm light. Our results agree well with most previous measurements but have improved precision.

© 2004 Optical Society of America

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References

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  1. I. Shoji, T. Kondo, A. Kitamoto, M. Shirane, R. Ito, “Absolute scale of second-order nonlinear-optical coefficients,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 14, 2268–2294 (1997).
    [CrossRef]
  2. H. Vanherzeele, J. D. Bierlein, “Magnitude of the nonlinear-optical coefficients of KTiOPO4,” Opt. Lett. 17, 982–984 (1992).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  3. M. V. Pack, D. J. Armstrong, A. V. Smith, “Measurement of the χ(2) tensor of the potassium niobate crystal,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 20, 2109–2116 (2003).
    [CrossRef]
  4. D. J. Armstrong, M. V. Pack, A. V. Smith, “Instrument and method for measuring second-order nonlinear optical tensors,” Rev. Sci. Instrum. 74, 3250–3257 (2003).
    [CrossRef]
  5. R. J. Gehr, A. V. Smith, “Separated-beam nonphase-matched second-harmonic method of characterizing nonlinear optical crystals,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 15, 2298–2307 (1998).
    [CrossRef]
  6. D. A. Roberts, “Simplified characterization of uniaxial and biaxial nonlinear optical crystals: a plea for standardization of nomenclature and conventions,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 28, 2057–2074 (1992).
    [CrossRef]
  7. A. Anema, T. Rasing, “Relative signs of the nonlinear coefficients of potassium titanyl phosphate,” Appl. Opt. 36, 5902–5904 (1997).
    [CrossRef]
  8. G. Hansson, H. Karlsson, S. Wang, F. Laurell, “Transmission measurements in KTP and isomorphic compounds,” Appl. Opt. 39, 5058–5069 (2000).
    [CrossRef]
  9. W. J. Alford, A. V. Smith, “Wavelength variation of the second-order nonlinear coefficients of KNbO3, KTiOPO4, KTiOAsO4, LiNbO3, LiIO3, β-BaB2O4, KH2PO4, and LiB3O5 crystals: a test of Miller wavelength scaling,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 18, 524–533 (2001).
    [CrossRef]
  10. L. K. Cheng, L. T. Cheng, J. Galperin, P. A. M. Hotsenpiller, J. D. Bierlein, “Crystal growth and characterization of KTiOPO4 isomorphs from the self-fluxes,” J. Cryst. Growth 137, 107–115 (1994).
    [CrossRef]
  11. R. C. Miller, “Optical second harmonic generation in piezo-electric crystals,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 5, 17–19 (1964).
    [CrossRef]
  12. K. Kato, “Temperature insensitive SHG at 0.5321 μm in KTP,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 28, 1974–1976 (1992).
    [CrossRef]
  13. B. Boulanger, J. P. Feve, G. Marnier, B. Menaert, “Methodology for optical studies of nonlinear crystals: application to the isomorph family KTiOPO4, KTiOAsO4, RbTiOAsO4 and CsTiOAsO4,” Pure Appl. Opt. 7, 239–256 (1998).
    [CrossRef]
  14. J.-J. Zondy, D. Kolker, C. Bonnin, D. Lupinski, “Second-harmonic generation with monolithic walk-off-compensating periodic structures. II. Experiments,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 20, 1695–1707 (2003).
    [CrossRef]
  15. K. Kato, “Second-harmonic and sum-frequency generation in KTiOAsO4,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 30, 881–883 (1994).
    [CrossRef]

2003

2001

2000

1998

R. J. Gehr, A. V. Smith, “Separated-beam nonphase-matched second-harmonic method of characterizing nonlinear optical crystals,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 15, 2298–2307 (1998).
[CrossRef]

B. Boulanger, J. P. Feve, G. Marnier, B. Menaert, “Methodology for optical studies of nonlinear crystals: application to the isomorph family KTiOPO4, KTiOAsO4, RbTiOAsO4 and CsTiOAsO4,” Pure Appl. Opt. 7, 239–256 (1998).
[CrossRef]

1997

1994

K. Kato, “Second-harmonic and sum-frequency generation in KTiOAsO4,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 30, 881–883 (1994).
[CrossRef]

L. K. Cheng, L. T. Cheng, J. Galperin, P. A. M. Hotsenpiller, J. D. Bierlein, “Crystal growth and characterization of KTiOPO4 isomorphs from the self-fluxes,” J. Cryst. Growth 137, 107–115 (1994).
[CrossRef]

1992

D. A. Roberts, “Simplified characterization of uniaxial and biaxial nonlinear optical crystals: a plea for standardization of nomenclature and conventions,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 28, 2057–2074 (1992).
[CrossRef]

H. Vanherzeele, J. D. Bierlein, “Magnitude of the nonlinear-optical coefficients of KTiOPO4,” Opt. Lett. 17, 982–984 (1992).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

K. Kato, “Temperature insensitive SHG at 0.5321 μm in KTP,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 28, 1974–1976 (1992).
[CrossRef]

1964

R. C. Miller, “Optical second harmonic generation in piezo-electric crystals,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 5, 17–19 (1964).
[CrossRef]

Alford, W. J.

Anema, A.

Armstrong, D. J.

M. V. Pack, D. J. Armstrong, A. V. Smith, “Measurement of the χ(2) tensor of the potassium niobate crystal,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 20, 2109–2116 (2003).
[CrossRef]

D. J. Armstrong, M. V. Pack, A. V. Smith, “Instrument and method for measuring second-order nonlinear optical tensors,” Rev. Sci. Instrum. 74, 3250–3257 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Bierlein, J. D.

L. K. Cheng, L. T. Cheng, J. Galperin, P. A. M. Hotsenpiller, J. D. Bierlein, “Crystal growth and characterization of KTiOPO4 isomorphs from the self-fluxes,” J. Cryst. Growth 137, 107–115 (1994).
[CrossRef]

H. Vanherzeele, J. D. Bierlein, “Magnitude of the nonlinear-optical coefficients of KTiOPO4,” Opt. Lett. 17, 982–984 (1992).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Bonnin, C.

Boulanger, B.

B. Boulanger, J. P. Feve, G. Marnier, B. Menaert, “Methodology for optical studies of nonlinear crystals: application to the isomorph family KTiOPO4, KTiOAsO4, RbTiOAsO4 and CsTiOAsO4,” Pure Appl. Opt. 7, 239–256 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Cheng, L. K.

L. K. Cheng, L. T. Cheng, J. Galperin, P. A. M. Hotsenpiller, J. D. Bierlein, “Crystal growth and characterization of KTiOPO4 isomorphs from the self-fluxes,” J. Cryst. Growth 137, 107–115 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Cheng, L. T.

L. K. Cheng, L. T. Cheng, J. Galperin, P. A. M. Hotsenpiller, J. D. Bierlein, “Crystal growth and characterization of KTiOPO4 isomorphs from the self-fluxes,” J. Cryst. Growth 137, 107–115 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Feve, J. P.

B. Boulanger, J. P. Feve, G. Marnier, B. Menaert, “Methodology for optical studies of nonlinear crystals: application to the isomorph family KTiOPO4, KTiOAsO4, RbTiOAsO4 and CsTiOAsO4,” Pure Appl. Opt. 7, 239–256 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Galperin, J.

L. K. Cheng, L. T. Cheng, J. Galperin, P. A. M. Hotsenpiller, J. D. Bierlein, “Crystal growth and characterization of KTiOPO4 isomorphs from the self-fluxes,” J. Cryst. Growth 137, 107–115 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Gehr, R. J.

Hansson, G.

Hotsenpiller, P. A. M.

L. K. Cheng, L. T. Cheng, J. Galperin, P. A. M. Hotsenpiller, J. D. Bierlein, “Crystal growth and characterization of KTiOPO4 isomorphs from the self-fluxes,” J. Cryst. Growth 137, 107–115 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Ito, R.

Karlsson, H.

Kato, K.

K. Kato, “Second-harmonic and sum-frequency generation in KTiOAsO4,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 30, 881–883 (1994).
[CrossRef]

K. Kato, “Temperature insensitive SHG at 0.5321 μm in KTP,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 28, 1974–1976 (1992).
[CrossRef]

Kitamoto, A.

Kolker, D.

Kondo, T.

Laurell, F.

Lupinski, D.

Marnier, G.

B. Boulanger, J. P. Feve, G. Marnier, B. Menaert, “Methodology for optical studies of nonlinear crystals: application to the isomorph family KTiOPO4, KTiOAsO4, RbTiOAsO4 and CsTiOAsO4,” Pure Appl. Opt. 7, 239–256 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Menaert, B.

B. Boulanger, J. P. Feve, G. Marnier, B. Menaert, “Methodology for optical studies of nonlinear crystals: application to the isomorph family KTiOPO4, KTiOAsO4, RbTiOAsO4 and CsTiOAsO4,” Pure Appl. Opt. 7, 239–256 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Miller, R. C.

R. C. Miller, “Optical second harmonic generation in piezo-electric crystals,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 5, 17–19 (1964).
[CrossRef]

Pack, M. V.

D. J. Armstrong, M. V. Pack, A. V. Smith, “Instrument and method for measuring second-order nonlinear optical tensors,” Rev. Sci. Instrum. 74, 3250–3257 (2003).
[CrossRef]

M. V. Pack, D. J. Armstrong, A. V. Smith, “Measurement of the χ(2) tensor of the potassium niobate crystal,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 20, 2109–2116 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Rasing, T.

Roberts, D. A.

D. A. Roberts, “Simplified characterization of uniaxial and biaxial nonlinear optical crystals: a plea for standardization of nomenclature and conventions,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 28, 2057–2074 (1992).
[CrossRef]

Shirane, M.

Shoji, I.

Smith, A. V.

Vanherzeele, H.

Wang, S.

Zondy, J.-J.

Appl. Opt.

Appl. Phys. Lett.

R. C. Miller, “Optical second harmonic generation in piezo-electric crystals,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 5, 17–19 (1964).
[CrossRef]

IEEE J. Quantum Electron.

K. Kato, “Temperature insensitive SHG at 0.5321 μm in KTP,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 28, 1974–1976 (1992).
[CrossRef]

D. A. Roberts, “Simplified characterization of uniaxial and biaxial nonlinear optical crystals: a plea for standardization of nomenclature and conventions,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 28, 2057–2074 (1992).
[CrossRef]

K. Kato, “Second-harmonic and sum-frequency generation in KTiOAsO4,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 30, 881–883 (1994).
[CrossRef]

J. Cryst. Growth

L. K. Cheng, L. T. Cheng, J. Galperin, P. A. M. Hotsenpiller, J. D. Bierlein, “Crystal growth and characterization of KTiOPO4 isomorphs from the self-fluxes,” J. Cryst. Growth 137, 107–115 (1994).
[CrossRef]

J. Opt. Soc. Am. B

Opt. Lett.

Pure Appl. Opt.

B. Boulanger, J. P. Feve, G. Marnier, B. Menaert, “Methodology for optical studies of nonlinear crystals: application to the isomorph family KTiOPO4, KTiOAsO4, RbTiOAsO4 and CsTiOAsO4,” Pure Appl. Opt. 7, 239–256 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Rev. Sci. Instrum.

D. J. Armstrong, M. V. Pack, A. V. Smith, “Instrument and method for measuring second-order nonlinear optical tensors,” Rev. Sci. Instrum. 74, 3250–3257 (2003).
[CrossRef]

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Figures (1)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

Second-harmonic signal as a function of the fundamental polarization angle: comparison of the measured z-polarized second-harmonic pulse energy for the y-cut RO KTP crystal with a functional fit of the form |A sin2(ψ + ∊) + Bcos2(ψ + ∊)|2. In this example A/ B ≈ 18.

Tables (6)

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Table 1 Summary of Measured Refractive Indices n with Measurement Uncertainty of ±0.0003

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Table 2 Comparison of Reported d Values for Frequency Doubling of 1064-nm Light in KTPa

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Table 3 Comparison of Reported d Values for Frequency Doubling of 1064-nm Light in KTAa

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Table 4 Comparison of Reported d Values for Frequency Doubling of 1064-nm Light in RTPa

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Table 5 Comparison of Reported d Values for Frequency Doubling of 1064-nm Light in RTAa

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Table 6 Summary of Measured Values of dijk in Units of Picometers per Volt Relative to KDP dzxy = 0.39 pm/V a

Equations (1)

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d=0000dxxz0000dyyz00dzxxdzyydzzz000.

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