Abstract

We report an experimental result that shows the excitation of surface plasmon polaritons by use of a zeroth-order Bessel beam. From the viewpoint of energy efficiency, the zeroth order Bessel beam is ideal for the local excitation of surface plasmon polaritons on a metal film. We introduce an optical setup using an axicon element in order to carry out the excitation.

© 2004 Optical Society of America

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References

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  1. C. Nylander, B. Liedberg, T. Lind, “Gas detection by means of surface plasmon resonance,” Sens. Actuators 3, 79–88 (1982/83).
  2. H. Kano, S. Mizuguchi, S. Kawata, “Excitation of surface-plasmon polaritons by a focused laser beam,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 15, 1381–1386 (1998).
    [CrossRef]
  3. H. Kano, W. Knoll, “A scanning microscope employing localized surface-plasmon-polaritons as a sensing probe,” Opt. Commun. 182, 11–15 (2000).
    [CrossRef]
  4. H. Raether, Surface Plasmons on Smooth and Rough Surfaces and on Gratings (Springer, Berlin, 1988).
  5. H. Kano, S. Kawata, “Two-photon-excited fluorescence enhanced by a surface plasmon,” Opt. Lett. 21, 1848–1850 (1996).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  6. J. Durnin, “Exact solutions for nondiffracting beams. I. The scalar theory,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. A 4, 651–654 (1987).
    [CrossRef]
  7. E. Kretschmann, H. Raether, “Radiative decay of non-radiative surface plasmons excited by light,” Z. Naturforsch. 23, 2135–2136 (1968).
  8. H. Kano, W. Knoll, “Locally excited surface-plasmon-polaritons for thickness measurement of LBK films,” Opt. Commun. 153, 235–239 (1998).
    [CrossRef]

2000 (1)

H. Kano, W. Knoll, “A scanning microscope employing localized surface-plasmon-polaritons as a sensing probe,” Opt. Commun. 182, 11–15 (2000).
[CrossRef]

1998 (2)

H. Kano, W. Knoll, “Locally excited surface-plasmon-polaritons for thickness measurement of LBK films,” Opt. Commun. 153, 235–239 (1998).
[CrossRef]

H. Kano, S. Mizuguchi, S. Kawata, “Excitation of surface-plasmon polaritons by a focused laser beam,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 15, 1381–1386 (1998).
[CrossRef]

1996 (1)

1987 (1)

1968 (1)

E. Kretschmann, H. Raether, “Radiative decay of non-radiative surface plasmons excited by light,” Z. Naturforsch. 23, 2135–2136 (1968).

Durnin, J.

Kano, H.

H. Kano, W. Knoll, “A scanning microscope employing localized surface-plasmon-polaritons as a sensing probe,” Opt. Commun. 182, 11–15 (2000).
[CrossRef]

H. Kano, W. Knoll, “Locally excited surface-plasmon-polaritons for thickness measurement of LBK films,” Opt. Commun. 153, 235–239 (1998).
[CrossRef]

H. Kano, S. Mizuguchi, S. Kawata, “Excitation of surface-plasmon polaritons by a focused laser beam,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 15, 1381–1386 (1998).
[CrossRef]

H. Kano, S. Kawata, “Two-photon-excited fluorescence enhanced by a surface plasmon,” Opt. Lett. 21, 1848–1850 (1996).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Kawata, S.

Knoll, W.

H. Kano, W. Knoll, “A scanning microscope employing localized surface-plasmon-polaritons as a sensing probe,” Opt. Commun. 182, 11–15 (2000).
[CrossRef]

H. Kano, W. Knoll, “Locally excited surface-plasmon-polaritons for thickness measurement of LBK films,” Opt. Commun. 153, 235–239 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Kretschmann, E.

E. Kretschmann, H. Raether, “Radiative decay of non-radiative surface plasmons excited by light,” Z. Naturforsch. 23, 2135–2136 (1968).

Liedberg, B.

C. Nylander, B. Liedberg, T. Lind, “Gas detection by means of surface plasmon resonance,” Sens. Actuators 3, 79–88 (1982/83).

Lind, T.

C. Nylander, B. Liedberg, T. Lind, “Gas detection by means of surface plasmon resonance,” Sens. Actuators 3, 79–88 (1982/83).

Mizuguchi, S.

Nylander, C.

C. Nylander, B. Liedberg, T. Lind, “Gas detection by means of surface plasmon resonance,” Sens. Actuators 3, 79–88 (1982/83).

Raether, H.

E. Kretschmann, H. Raether, “Radiative decay of non-radiative surface plasmons excited by light,” Z. Naturforsch. 23, 2135–2136 (1968).

H. Raether, Surface Plasmons on Smooth and Rough Surfaces and on Gratings (Springer, Berlin, 1988).

J. Opt. Soc. Am. A (1)

J. Opt. Soc. Am. B (1)

Opt. Commun. (2)

H. Kano, W. Knoll, “Locally excited surface-plasmon-polaritons for thickness measurement of LBK films,” Opt. Commun. 153, 235–239 (1998).
[CrossRef]

H. Kano, W. Knoll, “A scanning microscope employing localized surface-plasmon-polaritons as a sensing probe,” Opt. Commun. 182, 11–15 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Lett. (1)

Sens. Actuators (1)

C. Nylander, B. Liedberg, T. Lind, “Gas detection by means of surface plasmon resonance,” Sens. Actuators 3, 79–88 (1982/83).

Z. Naturforsch. (1)

E. Kretschmann, H. Raether, “Radiative decay of non-radiative surface plasmons excited by light,” Z. Naturforsch. 23, 2135–2136 (1968).

Other (1)

H. Raether, Surface Plasmons on Smooth and Rough Surfaces and on Gratings (Springer, Berlin, 1988).

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Figures (5)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

(a) Kretschmann configuration for the excitation of surface-plasmon polaritons and (b) electric field distribution.

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

Excitation method of the localized SPPs.

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

Calculated light-intensity distribution at the exit pupil of the objective lens with a numerical aperture of 1.4.

Fig. 4
Fig. 4

Optical setup for the localized SPPs by the annular illumination.

Fig. 5
Fig. 5

(a) Observed image by the CCD device and (b) intensity plot between arrows.

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