Abstract

In view of the application of light-extinction techniques for fuel-specie-concentration measurements in combustion systems, the vapor-absorption coefficient of several hydrocarbon species at the 3.39-μm He-Ne laser transition has been measured. The hydrocarbon species include paraffins, olefins, and aromatics. Results are included for total pressure over the range of approximately 200–650 Torr at 295 K with air as the buffer gas. Observations are made regarding the difference in the absorption coefficient within and between hydrocarbon classifications.

© 2003 Optical Society of America

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    [CrossRef]
  2. D. S. Baer, V. Nagali, E. R. Furlong, R. K. Hansen, “Scanned- and fixed-wavelength absorption diagnostics for combustion using multiplexed diode lasers,” AIAA J. 34, 489–493 (1996).
    [CrossRef]
  3. M. G. Allen, “Diode laser absorption sensors for gas-dynamic and combustion flows,” Meas. Sci. Technol. 9, 545–562 (1998).
    [CrossRef]
  4. B. Mizaikoff, P. Fuss, M. J. Hall, “Fast-spec: an infrared spectroscopic diagnostic to measure time-resolved exhaust hydrocarbon emissions from S.I. engines,” in Proceedings of the Twenty-Seventh Symposium (International) on Combustion, 2093–2100 (The Combustion Institute, Pittsburgh, Pa., 1998).
  5. M. Golombok, P. J. Cooney, J. S. Kitching, S. R. Nattrass, “Spatial resolution of fuel distribution in an engine using infrared absorption,” Rev. Sci. Instrum. 68, 4236–4246 (1997).
    [CrossRef]
  6. J. G. Lee, K. Kim, D. Santavicca, “Measurement of equivalence ratio fluctuation and its effect on heat release during unstable combustion,” in Proceedings of the Twenty-Eighth Symposium (International) on Combustion, 739–746 (The Combustion Institute, Pittsburgh, Pa., 2000).
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    [CrossRef]
  9. J. A. Drallmeier, “Hydrocarbon vapor measurements in fuel sprays: a simplification of the infrared extinction technique,” Appl. Opt. 33, 7175–7179 (1994).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
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    [CrossRef]
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  15. T. Tsuboi, K. Inomata, Y. Tsunoda, A. Isobe, K. Nagaya, “Light absorption by hydrocarbon molecules at 3.392 microns of He-Ne Laser,” Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 24, 8–13 (1985).
    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef] [PubMed]

2002 (1)

N. Docquier, S. Candel, “Combustion control and sensors: a review,” Prog. Energy Combust. Sci. 28, 107–150 (2002).
[CrossRef]

1998 (2)

M. G. Allen, “Diode laser absorption sensors for gas-dynamic and combustion flows,” Meas. Sci. Technol. 9, 545–562 (1998).
[CrossRef]

J. H. Wright, J. A. Drallmeier, “Cyclic variability of pulsed spray vapor fields,” Exp. Fluids 25, 329–336 (1998).
[CrossRef]

1997 (1)

M. Golombok, P. J. Cooney, J. S. Kitching, S. R. Nattrass, “Spatial resolution of fuel distribution in an engine using infrared absorption,” Rev. Sci. Instrum. 68, 4236–4246 (1997).
[CrossRef]

1996 (2)

D. S. Baer, V. Nagali, E. R. Furlong, R. K. Hansen, “Scanned- and fixed-wavelength absorption diagnostics for combustion using multiplexed diode lasers,” AIAA J. 34, 489–493 (1996).
[CrossRef]

P. D. Jennings, J. A. Drallmeier, “Pulsed fuel spray vapor phase characterization,” Atomization Sprays 6, 537–562 (1996).

1994 (1)

1992 (1)

E. Winklhofer, G. K. Fraidl, A. Plimon, “Monitoring of gasoline fuel distribution in a research engine,” Proc. Inst. Mech. Eng. D 206, 107–115 (1992).
[CrossRef]

1985 (1)

T. Tsuboi, K. Inomata, Y. Tsunoda, A. Isobe, K. Nagaya, “Light absorption by hydrocarbon molecules at 3.392 microns of He-Ne Laser,” Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 24, 8–13 (1985).
[CrossRef]

1981 (1)

1969 (1)

1965 (1)

Allen, M. G.

M. G. Allen, “Diode laser absorption sensors for gas-dynamic and combustion flows,” Meas. Sci. Technol. 9, 545–562 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Baer, D. S.

D. S. Baer, V. Nagali, E. R. Furlong, R. K. Hansen, “Scanned- and fixed-wavelength absorption diagnostics for combustion using multiplexed diode lasers,” AIAA J. 34, 489–493 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Beam, B. H.

Burch, D. E.

Candel, S.

N. Docquier, S. Candel, “Combustion control and sensors: a review,” Prog. Energy Combust. Sci. 28, 107–150 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Chraplyvy, A. R.

Cooney, P. J.

M. Golombok, P. J. Cooney, J. S. Kitching, S. R. Nattrass, “Spatial resolution of fuel distribution in an engine using infrared absorption,” Rev. Sci. Instrum. 68, 4236–4246 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Docquier, N.

N. Docquier, S. Candel, “Combustion control and sensors: a review,” Prog. Energy Combust. Sci. 28, 107–150 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Drallmeier, J. A.

J. H. Wright, J. A. Drallmeier, “Cyclic variability of pulsed spray vapor fields,” Exp. Fluids 25, 329–336 (1998).
[CrossRef]

P. D. Jennings, J. A. Drallmeier, “Pulsed fuel spray vapor phase characterization,” Atomization Sprays 6, 537–562 (1996).

J. A. Drallmeier, “Hydrocarbon vapor measurements in fuel sprays: a simplification of the infrared extinction technique,” Appl. Opt. 33, 7175–7179 (1994).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Edwards, B. N.

Fraidl, G. K.

E. Winklhofer, G. K. Fraidl, A. Plimon, “Monitoring of gasoline fuel distribution in a research engine,” Proc. Inst. Mech. Eng. D 206, 107–115 (1992).
[CrossRef]

Furlong, E. R.

D. S. Baer, V. Nagali, E. R. Furlong, R. K. Hansen, “Scanned- and fixed-wavelength absorption diagnostics for combustion using multiplexed diode lasers,” AIAA J. 34, 489–493 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Fuss, P.

B. Mizaikoff, P. Fuss, M. J. Hall, “Fast-spec: an infrared spectroscopic diagnostic to measure time-resolved exhaust hydrocarbon emissions from S.I. engines,” in Proceedings of the Twenty-Seventh Symposium (International) on Combustion, 2093–2100 (The Combustion Institute, Pittsburgh, Pa., 1998).

Golombok, M.

M. Golombok, P. J. Cooney, J. S. Kitching, S. R. Nattrass, “Spatial resolution of fuel distribution in an engine using infrared absorption,” Rev. Sci. Instrum. 68, 4236–4246 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Hall, M. J.

B. Mizaikoff, P. Fuss, M. J. Hall, “Fast-spec: an infrared spectroscopic diagnostic to measure time-resolved exhaust hydrocarbon emissions from S.I. engines,” in Proceedings of the Twenty-Seventh Symposium (International) on Combustion, 2093–2100 (The Combustion Institute, Pittsburgh, Pa., 1998).

Hansen, R. K.

D. S. Baer, V. Nagali, E. R. Furlong, R. K. Hansen, “Scanned- and fixed-wavelength absorption diagnostics for combustion using multiplexed diode lasers,” AIAA J. 34, 489–493 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Inomata, K.

T. Tsuboi, K. Inomata, Y. Tsunoda, A. Isobe, K. Nagaya, “Light absorption by hydrocarbon molecules at 3.392 microns of He-Ne Laser,” Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 24, 8–13 (1985).
[CrossRef]

Isobe, A.

T. Tsuboi, K. Inomata, Y. Tsunoda, A. Isobe, K. Nagaya, “Light absorption by hydrocarbon molecules at 3.392 microns of He-Ne Laser,” Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 24, 8–13 (1985).
[CrossRef]

Jaynes, D. N.

Jennings, P. D.

P. D. Jennings, J. A. Drallmeier, “Pulsed fuel spray vapor phase characterization,” Atomization Sprays 6, 537–562 (1996).

Kelly-Zion, P. L.

J. P. Styron, P. L. Kelly-Zion, C. F. Lee, J. E. Peters, R. A. White, “Multicomponent liquid and vapor fuel distribution measurements in the cylinder of a port-injected, spark-ignition Engine,” SAE Technical Paper Series, Paper 2000-01-0243 (Society of Automotive Engineering, Warrendale, Pa., 2001).

Kim, K.

J. G. Lee, K. Kim, D. Santavicca, “Measurement of equivalence ratio fluctuation and its effect on heat release during unstable combustion,” in Proceedings of the Twenty-Eighth Symposium (International) on Combustion, 739–746 (The Combustion Institute, Pittsburgh, Pa., 2000).

Kitching, J. S.

M. Golombok, P. J. Cooney, J. S. Kitching, S. R. Nattrass, “Spatial resolution of fuel distribution in an engine using infrared absorption,” Rev. Sci. Instrum. 68, 4236–4246 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Lee, C. F.

J. P. Styron, P. L. Kelly-Zion, C. F. Lee, J. E. Peters, R. A. White, “Multicomponent liquid and vapor fuel distribution measurements in the cylinder of a port-injected, spark-ignition Engine,” SAE Technical Paper Series, Paper 2000-01-0243 (Society of Automotive Engineering, Warrendale, Pa., 2001).

Lee, J. G.

J. G. Lee, K. Kim, D. Santavicca, “Measurement of equivalence ratio fluctuation and its effect on heat release during unstable combustion,” in Proceedings of the Twenty-Eighth Symposium (International) on Combustion, 739–746 (The Combustion Institute, Pittsburgh, Pa., 2000).

Mizaikoff, B.

B. Mizaikoff, P. Fuss, M. J. Hall, “Fast-spec: an infrared spectroscopic diagnostic to measure time-resolved exhaust hydrocarbon emissions from S.I. engines,” in Proceedings of the Twenty-Seventh Symposium (International) on Combustion, 2093–2100 (The Combustion Institute, Pittsburgh, Pa., 1998).

Nagali, V.

D. S. Baer, V. Nagali, E. R. Furlong, R. K. Hansen, “Scanned- and fixed-wavelength absorption diagnostics for combustion using multiplexed diode lasers,” AIAA J. 34, 489–493 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Nagaya, K.

T. Tsuboi, K. Inomata, Y. Tsunoda, A. Isobe, K. Nagaya, “Light absorption by hydrocarbon molecules at 3.392 microns of He-Ne Laser,” Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 24, 8–13 (1985).
[CrossRef]

Nattrass, S. R.

M. Golombok, P. J. Cooney, J. S. Kitching, S. R. Nattrass, “Spatial resolution of fuel distribution in an engine using infrared absorption,” Rev. Sci. Instrum. 68, 4236–4246 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Peters, J. E.

J. P. Styron, P. L. Kelly-Zion, C. F. Lee, J. E. Peters, R. A. White, “Multicomponent liquid and vapor fuel distribution measurements in the cylinder of a port-injected, spark-ignition Engine,” SAE Technical Paper Series, Paper 2000-01-0243 (Society of Automotive Engineering, Warrendale, Pa., 2001).

Plimon, A.

E. Winklhofer, G. K. Fraidl, A. Plimon, “Monitoring of gasoline fuel distribution in a research engine,” Proc. Inst. Mech. Eng. D 206, 107–115 (1992).
[CrossRef]

Santavicca, D.

J. G. Lee, K. Kim, D. Santavicca, “Measurement of equivalence ratio fluctuation and its effect on heat release during unstable combustion,” in Proceedings of the Twenty-Eighth Symposium (International) on Combustion, 739–746 (The Combustion Institute, Pittsburgh, Pa., 2000).

Styron, J. P.

J. P. Styron, P. L. Kelly-Zion, C. F. Lee, J. E. Peters, R. A. White, “Multicomponent liquid and vapor fuel distribution measurements in the cylinder of a port-injected, spark-ignition Engine,” SAE Technical Paper Series, Paper 2000-01-0243 (Society of Automotive Engineering, Warrendale, Pa., 2001).

Tsuboi, T.

T. Tsuboi, K. Inomata, Y. Tsunoda, A. Isobe, K. Nagaya, “Light absorption by hydrocarbon molecules at 3.392 microns of He-Ne Laser,” Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 24, 8–13 (1985).
[CrossRef]

Tsunoda, Y.

T. Tsuboi, K. Inomata, Y. Tsunoda, A. Isobe, K. Nagaya, “Light absorption by hydrocarbon molecules at 3.392 microns of He-Ne Laser,” Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 24, 8–13 (1985).
[CrossRef]

White, R. A.

J. P. Styron, P. L. Kelly-Zion, C. F. Lee, J. E. Peters, R. A. White, “Multicomponent liquid and vapor fuel distribution measurements in the cylinder of a port-injected, spark-ignition Engine,” SAE Technical Paper Series, Paper 2000-01-0243 (Society of Automotive Engineering, Warrendale, Pa., 2001).

Winklhofer, E.

E. Winklhofer, G. K. Fraidl, A. Plimon, “Monitoring of gasoline fuel distribution in a research engine,” Proc. Inst. Mech. Eng. D 206, 107–115 (1992).
[CrossRef]

Wright, J. H.

J. H. Wright, J. A. Drallmeier, “Cyclic variability of pulsed spray vapor fields,” Exp. Fluids 25, 329–336 (1998).
[CrossRef]

AIAA J. (1)

D. S. Baer, V. Nagali, E. R. Furlong, R. K. Hansen, “Scanned- and fixed-wavelength absorption diagnostics for combustion using multiplexed diode lasers,” AIAA J. 34, 489–493 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Appl. Opt. (3)

Atomization Sprays (1)

P. D. Jennings, J. A. Drallmeier, “Pulsed fuel spray vapor phase characterization,” Atomization Sprays 6, 537–562 (1996).

Exp. Fluids (1)

J. H. Wright, J. A. Drallmeier, “Cyclic variability of pulsed spray vapor fields,” Exp. Fluids 25, 329–336 (1998).
[CrossRef]

J. Opt. Soc. Am. (1)

Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. (1)

T. Tsuboi, K. Inomata, Y. Tsunoda, A. Isobe, K. Nagaya, “Light absorption by hydrocarbon molecules at 3.392 microns of He-Ne Laser,” Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 24, 8–13 (1985).
[CrossRef]

Meas. Sci. Technol. (1)

M. G. Allen, “Diode laser absorption sensors for gas-dynamic and combustion flows,” Meas. Sci. Technol. 9, 545–562 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Proc. Inst. Mech. Eng. D (1)

E. Winklhofer, G. K. Fraidl, A. Plimon, “Monitoring of gasoline fuel distribution in a research engine,” Proc. Inst. Mech. Eng. D 206, 107–115 (1992).
[CrossRef]

Prog. Energy Combust. Sci. (1)

N. Docquier, S. Candel, “Combustion control and sensors: a review,” Prog. Energy Combust. Sci. 28, 107–150 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Rev. Sci. Instrum. (1)

M. Golombok, P. J. Cooney, J. S. Kitching, S. R. Nattrass, “Spatial resolution of fuel distribution in an engine using infrared absorption,” Rev. Sci. Instrum. 68, 4236–4246 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Other (4)

J. G. Lee, K. Kim, D. Santavicca, “Measurement of equivalence ratio fluctuation and its effect on heat release during unstable combustion,” in Proceedings of the Twenty-Eighth Symposium (International) on Combustion, 739–746 (The Combustion Institute, Pittsburgh, Pa., 2000).

B. Mizaikoff, P. Fuss, M. J. Hall, “Fast-spec: an infrared spectroscopic diagnostic to measure time-resolved exhaust hydrocarbon emissions from S.I. engines,” in Proceedings of the Twenty-Seventh Symposium (International) on Combustion, 2093–2100 (The Combustion Institute, Pittsburgh, Pa., 1998).

J. P. Styron, P. L. Kelly-Zion, C. F. Lee, J. E. Peters, R. A. White, “Multicomponent liquid and vapor fuel distribution measurements in the cylinder of a port-injected, spark-ignition Engine,” SAE Technical Paper Series, Paper 2000-01-0243 (Society of Automotive Engineering, Warrendale, Pa., 2001).

American Petroleum Institute, American Petroleum Institute Research Project 44 Infrared Spectral Data, 2,2,4 Trimethylpentane, Contributed by the U.S. Naval Research Laboratory, Washington, D.C. (1947).

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