Abstract

The experimental cryogenic performance of 160-mm-diameter silicon carbide (SiC) mirrors, one of which, a 700-mm-diameter mirror, is to be used as a primary mirror of the Japanese Infrared Astronomical Satellite ASTRO-F, is described. The mirrors are made from a sandwich-type SiC material that comprises a light porous core and a dense chemical-vapor-deposited coat of SiC. Three mirrors were manufactured consecutively, and changes in their surface contours related to temperature were measured with an interferometer when the mirrors were placed in a liquid-helium cryostat. Owing to significant improvements in manufacturing, the third SiC mirror showed only slight deformation as the temperature decreased from 300 to 6 K, which indicates high thermal strain homogeneity for a well-controlled sandwich-type SiC mirror.

© 2003 Optical Society of America

Full Article  |  PDF Article

References

  • View by:
  • |
  • |

  1. E. Tobin, M. B. Magida, S. J. Kishner, M. H. Krim, “Design, fabrication, and test of meter-class reaction-bonded SiC mirror blank,” in Silicon Carbide Materials for Optics and Precision Structures, M. A. Ealey, ed., Proc. SPIE2543, 12–21 (1995).
    [Crossref]
  2. C. J. Shi, A. Ezis, “Application of hot-pressed silicon carbide to large high-precision optical structures,” in Silicon Carbide Materials for Optics and Precision Structures, M. A. Ealey, ed., Proc. SPIE2543, 24–37 (1995).
    [Crossref]
  3. P. N. Robb, R. R. Charpentier, S. V. Lubarsky, M. N. Tolstoy, G. V. Evteev, Y. P. Khimich, “Three-mirror anastigmatic telescope with a 60-cm aperture diameter and mirrors made of silicon carbide,” in Silicon Carbide Materials for Optics and Precision Structures, M. A. Ealey, ed., Proc. SPIE2543, 185–193 (1995).
    [Crossref]
  4. B. Harnisch, A. Pradier, M. Deyerler, B. P. Kunkel, U. Papenburg, “Development of an ultra-lightweight scanning mirror for the optical imager of the second generation METEOSAT (MSG),” in Space Optics 1994: Space Instrumentation and Spacecraft Optics, T. M. Dewandre, J. J. Schulte-in-den-Baeumen, E. Sein, eds., Proc. SPIE2210, 395–406 (1994).
    [Crossref]
  5. R. A. Keski-Kuha, J. F. Osantowski, D. B. Leviton, T. T. Saha, G. A. Wright, R. A. Boucarut, C. M. Fleetwood, T. J. Madison, “CVD silicon carbide mirrors for EUV applications,” in Silicon Carbide Materials for Optics and Precision Structures, M. A. Ealey, ed., Proc. SPIE2543, 173–179 (1995).
    [Crossref]
  6. Y. Namba, “Ultraprecision grinding of chemical vapor-deposited silicon carbide mirrors for synchrotron radiation,” in Optics for High-Brightness Synchrotron Radiation Beamlines II, L. E. Berman, J. R. Arthur, eds., Proc. SPIE2856, 323–330 (1996).
    [Crossref]
  7. O. Citterio, G. Parodi, “SiC-foamed mirror for telescope operating in space or on ground,” in Optical Telescopes of Today and Tomorrow, A. L. Ardeberg, ed., Proc. SPIE2871, 337–342 (1997).
    [Crossref]
  8. D. Leviton, T. Saha, L. Gardner, “Far-ultraviolet and visible light scatter measurements for CVD SiC mirrors for SOHO,” in X-Ray and Ultraviolet Spectroscopy and Polarimetry II, S. Fineschi, ed., Proc. SPIE3443, 19–30 (1998).
    [Crossref]
  9. D. Michel, “Silicon carbide mirror cryogenic distortion testing,” in Cryogenic Optical Systems and Instruments VI, J. B. Heaney, L. G. Burriesci, eds., Proc. SPIE2227, 7–14 (1994).
    [Crossref]
  10. K. J. Triebes, L. W. Huff, C. D. Cox, J. W. Pepi, “Cryogenic optical performance of a lightweighted 20-inch SiC mirror and indications for thermal strain homogeneity and hysteresis,” in Silicon Carbide Materials for Optics and Precision Structures, M. A. Ealey, ed., Proc. SPIE2543, 213–218 (1995).
    [Crossref]
  11. P. N. Robb, L. W. Huff, P. B. Forney, G. T. Petrovsky, S. V. Lubarsky, Y. P. Khimitch, “Interferometric measurements of silicon carbide mirrors at liquid helium temperature,” in Silicon Carbide Materials for Optics and Precision Structures, M. A. Ealey, ed., Proc. SPIE2543, 196–200 (1995).
    [Crossref]
  12. H. Murakami, “Japanese Infrared Survey Mission IRIS (ASTRO-F),” in Space Telescopes and Instruments V, P. Y. Bely, J. B. Breckinridge, eds., Proc. SPIE3356, 471–477 (1998).
    [Crossref]
  13. H. Takahashi, H. Shibai, M. Kawada, T. Hirao, T. Watabe, Y. Tsuduku, H. Nagata, H. Utsuno, Y. Hibi, S. Hirooka, T. Nakagawa, H. Kaneda, S. Matsuura, T. Kii, S. Makiuti, Y. Okamura, Y. Doi, H. Matsuo, N. Hiromoto, M. Fujiwara, M. Noda, “FIS: far-infrared surveyor on board ASTRO-F (IRIS),” in UV, Optical, and IR Space Telescopes and Instruments, J. B. Breckinridge, P. Jakobsen, eds., Proc. SPIE4013, 47–58 (2000).
    [Crossref]
  14. H. Watarai, S. Fujita, D. Ishihara, W. Kim, I. Maeda, H. Matsuhara, T. Matsumoto, H. Murakami, T. Negishi, T. Onaka, T. Ootsubo, N. Takeyama, K. Uemizu, M. Ueno, T. Wada, “Infrared camera (IRC) on board ASTRO-F (IRIS): design overview and current status,” in UV, Optical, and IR Space Telescopes and Instruments, J. B. Breckinridge, P. Jakobsen, eds., Proc. SPIE4013, 59–68 (2000).
    [Crossref]
  15. T. Onaka, Y. Sugiyama, S. Miura, “Telescope system of the Infrared Imaging Surveyor (IRIS),” in Infrared Astronomical Instrumentation, A. M. Fowler, ed., Proc. SPIE3354, 900–904 (1998).
    [Crossref]
  16. H. Kaneda, T. Onaka, R. Yamashiro, “Development of SiC Mirror for ASTRO-F,” in Proceedings of Mid- and Far-Infrared Astronomy and Future Space Missions, Special Edition Report No. 14, T. Matsumoto, H. Shibai, eds., (Institute of Space and Astronautical Science, Kanagawa, Japan, 2000), pp. 289–295.

Boucarut, R. A.

R. A. Keski-Kuha, J. F. Osantowski, D. B. Leviton, T. T. Saha, G. A. Wright, R. A. Boucarut, C. M. Fleetwood, T. J. Madison, “CVD silicon carbide mirrors for EUV applications,” in Silicon Carbide Materials for Optics and Precision Structures, M. A. Ealey, ed., Proc. SPIE2543, 173–179 (1995).
[Crossref]

Charpentier, R. R.

P. N. Robb, R. R. Charpentier, S. V. Lubarsky, M. N. Tolstoy, G. V. Evteev, Y. P. Khimich, “Three-mirror anastigmatic telescope with a 60-cm aperture diameter and mirrors made of silicon carbide,” in Silicon Carbide Materials for Optics and Precision Structures, M. A. Ealey, ed., Proc. SPIE2543, 185–193 (1995).
[Crossref]

Citterio, O.

O. Citterio, G. Parodi, “SiC-foamed mirror for telescope operating in space or on ground,” in Optical Telescopes of Today and Tomorrow, A. L. Ardeberg, ed., Proc. SPIE2871, 337–342 (1997).
[Crossref]

Cox, C. D.

K. J. Triebes, L. W. Huff, C. D. Cox, J. W. Pepi, “Cryogenic optical performance of a lightweighted 20-inch SiC mirror and indications for thermal strain homogeneity and hysteresis,” in Silicon Carbide Materials for Optics and Precision Structures, M. A. Ealey, ed., Proc. SPIE2543, 213–218 (1995).
[Crossref]

Deyerler, M.

B. Harnisch, A. Pradier, M. Deyerler, B. P. Kunkel, U. Papenburg, “Development of an ultra-lightweight scanning mirror for the optical imager of the second generation METEOSAT (MSG),” in Space Optics 1994: Space Instrumentation and Spacecraft Optics, T. M. Dewandre, J. J. Schulte-in-den-Baeumen, E. Sein, eds., Proc. SPIE2210, 395–406 (1994).
[Crossref]

Doi, Y.

H. Takahashi, H. Shibai, M. Kawada, T. Hirao, T. Watabe, Y. Tsuduku, H. Nagata, H. Utsuno, Y. Hibi, S. Hirooka, T. Nakagawa, H. Kaneda, S. Matsuura, T. Kii, S. Makiuti, Y. Okamura, Y. Doi, H. Matsuo, N. Hiromoto, M. Fujiwara, M. Noda, “FIS: far-infrared surveyor on board ASTRO-F (IRIS),” in UV, Optical, and IR Space Telescopes and Instruments, J. B. Breckinridge, P. Jakobsen, eds., Proc. SPIE4013, 47–58 (2000).
[Crossref]

Evteev, G. V.

P. N. Robb, R. R. Charpentier, S. V. Lubarsky, M. N. Tolstoy, G. V. Evteev, Y. P. Khimich, “Three-mirror anastigmatic telescope with a 60-cm aperture diameter and mirrors made of silicon carbide,” in Silicon Carbide Materials for Optics and Precision Structures, M. A. Ealey, ed., Proc. SPIE2543, 185–193 (1995).
[Crossref]

Ezis, A.

C. J. Shi, A. Ezis, “Application of hot-pressed silicon carbide to large high-precision optical structures,” in Silicon Carbide Materials for Optics and Precision Structures, M. A. Ealey, ed., Proc. SPIE2543, 24–37 (1995).
[Crossref]

Fleetwood, C. M.

R. A. Keski-Kuha, J. F. Osantowski, D. B. Leviton, T. T. Saha, G. A. Wright, R. A. Boucarut, C. M. Fleetwood, T. J. Madison, “CVD silicon carbide mirrors for EUV applications,” in Silicon Carbide Materials for Optics and Precision Structures, M. A. Ealey, ed., Proc. SPIE2543, 173–179 (1995).
[Crossref]

Forney, P. B.

P. N. Robb, L. W. Huff, P. B. Forney, G. T. Petrovsky, S. V. Lubarsky, Y. P. Khimitch, “Interferometric measurements of silicon carbide mirrors at liquid helium temperature,” in Silicon Carbide Materials for Optics and Precision Structures, M. A. Ealey, ed., Proc. SPIE2543, 196–200 (1995).
[Crossref]

Fujita, S.

H. Watarai, S. Fujita, D. Ishihara, W. Kim, I. Maeda, H. Matsuhara, T. Matsumoto, H. Murakami, T. Negishi, T. Onaka, T. Ootsubo, N. Takeyama, K. Uemizu, M. Ueno, T. Wada, “Infrared camera (IRC) on board ASTRO-F (IRIS): design overview and current status,” in UV, Optical, and IR Space Telescopes and Instruments, J. B. Breckinridge, P. Jakobsen, eds., Proc. SPIE4013, 59–68 (2000).
[Crossref]

Fujiwara, M.

H. Takahashi, H. Shibai, M. Kawada, T. Hirao, T. Watabe, Y. Tsuduku, H. Nagata, H. Utsuno, Y. Hibi, S. Hirooka, T. Nakagawa, H. Kaneda, S. Matsuura, T. Kii, S. Makiuti, Y. Okamura, Y. Doi, H. Matsuo, N. Hiromoto, M. Fujiwara, M. Noda, “FIS: far-infrared surveyor on board ASTRO-F (IRIS),” in UV, Optical, and IR Space Telescopes and Instruments, J. B. Breckinridge, P. Jakobsen, eds., Proc. SPIE4013, 47–58 (2000).
[Crossref]

Gardner, L.

D. Leviton, T. Saha, L. Gardner, “Far-ultraviolet and visible light scatter measurements for CVD SiC mirrors for SOHO,” in X-Ray and Ultraviolet Spectroscopy and Polarimetry II, S. Fineschi, ed., Proc. SPIE3443, 19–30 (1998).
[Crossref]

Harnisch, B.

B. Harnisch, A. Pradier, M. Deyerler, B. P. Kunkel, U. Papenburg, “Development of an ultra-lightweight scanning mirror for the optical imager of the second generation METEOSAT (MSG),” in Space Optics 1994: Space Instrumentation and Spacecraft Optics, T. M. Dewandre, J. J. Schulte-in-den-Baeumen, E. Sein, eds., Proc. SPIE2210, 395–406 (1994).
[Crossref]

Hibi, Y.

H. Takahashi, H. Shibai, M. Kawada, T. Hirao, T. Watabe, Y. Tsuduku, H. Nagata, H. Utsuno, Y. Hibi, S. Hirooka, T. Nakagawa, H. Kaneda, S. Matsuura, T. Kii, S. Makiuti, Y. Okamura, Y. Doi, H. Matsuo, N. Hiromoto, M. Fujiwara, M. Noda, “FIS: far-infrared surveyor on board ASTRO-F (IRIS),” in UV, Optical, and IR Space Telescopes and Instruments, J. B. Breckinridge, P. Jakobsen, eds., Proc. SPIE4013, 47–58 (2000).
[Crossref]

Hirao, T.

H. Takahashi, H. Shibai, M. Kawada, T. Hirao, T. Watabe, Y. Tsuduku, H. Nagata, H. Utsuno, Y. Hibi, S. Hirooka, T. Nakagawa, H. Kaneda, S. Matsuura, T. Kii, S. Makiuti, Y. Okamura, Y. Doi, H. Matsuo, N. Hiromoto, M. Fujiwara, M. Noda, “FIS: far-infrared surveyor on board ASTRO-F (IRIS),” in UV, Optical, and IR Space Telescopes and Instruments, J. B. Breckinridge, P. Jakobsen, eds., Proc. SPIE4013, 47–58 (2000).
[Crossref]

Hiromoto, N.

H. Takahashi, H. Shibai, M. Kawada, T. Hirao, T. Watabe, Y. Tsuduku, H. Nagata, H. Utsuno, Y. Hibi, S. Hirooka, T. Nakagawa, H. Kaneda, S. Matsuura, T. Kii, S. Makiuti, Y. Okamura, Y. Doi, H. Matsuo, N. Hiromoto, M. Fujiwara, M. Noda, “FIS: far-infrared surveyor on board ASTRO-F (IRIS),” in UV, Optical, and IR Space Telescopes and Instruments, J. B. Breckinridge, P. Jakobsen, eds., Proc. SPIE4013, 47–58 (2000).
[Crossref]

Hirooka, S.

H. Takahashi, H. Shibai, M. Kawada, T. Hirao, T. Watabe, Y. Tsuduku, H. Nagata, H. Utsuno, Y. Hibi, S. Hirooka, T. Nakagawa, H. Kaneda, S. Matsuura, T. Kii, S. Makiuti, Y. Okamura, Y. Doi, H. Matsuo, N. Hiromoto, M. Fujiwara, M. Noda, “FIS: far-infrared surveyor on board ASTRO-F (IRIS),” in UV, Optical, and IR Space Telescopes and Instruments, J. B. Breckinridge, P. Jakobsen, eds., Proc. SPIE4013, 47–58 (2000).
[Crossref]

Huff, L. W.

K. J. Triebes, L. W. Huff, C. D. Cox, J. W. Pepi, “Cryogenic optical performance of a lightweighted 20-inch SiC mirror and indications for thermal strain homogeneity and hysteresis,” in Silicon Carbide Materials for Optics and Precision Structures, M. A. Ealey, ed., Proc. SPIE2543, 213–218 (1995).
[Crossref]

P. N. Robb, L. W. Huff, P. B. Forney, G. T. Petrovsky, S. V. Lubarsky, Y. P. Khimitch, “Interferometric measurements of silicon carbide mirrors at liquid helium temperature,” in Silicon Carbide Materials for Optics and Precision Structures, M. A. Ealey, ed., Proc. SPIE2543, 196–200 (1995).
[Crossref]

Ishihara, D.

H. Watarai, S. Fujita, D. Ishihara, W. Kim, I. Maeda, H. Matsuhara, T. Matsumoto, H. Murakami, T. Negishi, T. Onaka, T. Ootsubo, N. Takeyama, K. Uemizu, M. Ueno, T. Wada, “Infrared camera (IRC) on board ASTRO-F (IRIS): design overview and current status,” in UV, Optical, and IR Space Telescopes and Instruments, J. B. Breckinridge, P. Jakobsen, eds., Proc. SPIE4013, 59–68 (2000).
[Crossref]

Kaneda, H.

H. Takahashi, H. Shibai, M. Kawada, T. Hirao, T. Watabe, Y. Tsuduku, H. Nagata, H. Utsuno, Y. Hibi, S. Hirooka, T. Nakagawa, H. Kaneda, S. Matsuura, T. Kii, S. Makiuti, Y. Okamura, Y. Doi, H. Matsuo, N. Hiromoto, M. Fujiwara, M. Noda, “FIS: far-infrared surveyor on board ASTRO-F (IRIS),” in UV, Optical, and IR Space Telescopes and Instruments, J. B. Breckinridge, P. Jakobsen, eds., Proc. SPIE4013, 47–58 (2000).
[Crossref]

H. Kaneda, T. Onaka, R. Yamashiro, “Development of SiC Mirror for ASTRO-F,” in Proceedings of Mid- and Far-Infrared Astronomy and Future Space Missions, Special Edition Report No. 14, T. Matsumoto, H. Shibai, eds., (Institute of Space and Astronautical Science, Kanagawa, Japan, 2000), pp. 289–295.

Kawada, M.

H. Takahashi, H. Shibai, M. Kawada, T. Hirao, T. Watabe, Y. Tsuduku, H. Nagata, H. Utsuno, Y. Hibi, S. Hirooka, T. Nakagawa, H. Kaneda, S. Matsuura, T. Kii, S. Makiuti, Y. Okamura, Y. Doi, H. Matsuo, N. Hiromoto, M. Fujiwara, M. Noda, “FIS: far-infrared surveyor on board ASTRO-F (IRIS),” in UV, Optical, and IR Space Telescopes and Instruments, J. B. Breckinridge, P. Jakobsen, eds., Proc. SPIE4013, 47–58 (2000).
[Crossref]

Keski-Kuha, R. A.

R. A. Keski-Kuha, J. F. Osantowski, D. B. Leviton, T. T. Saha, G. A. Wright, R. A. Boucarut, C. M. Fleetwood, T. J. Madison, “CVD silicon carbide mirrors for EUV applications,” in Silicon Carbide Materials for Optics and Precision Structures, M. A. Ealey, ed., Proc. SPIE2543, 173–179 (1995).
[Crossref]

Khimich, Y. P.

P. N. Robb, R. R. Charpentier, S. V. Lubarsky, M. N. Tolstoy, G. V. Evteev, Y. P. Khimich, “Three-mirror anastigmatic telescope with a 60-cm aperture diameter and mirrors made of silicon carbide,” in Silicon Carbide Materials for Optics and Precision Structures, M. A. Ealey, ed., Proc. SPIE2543, 185–193 (1995).
[Crossref]

Khimitch, Y. P.

P. N. Robb, L. W. Huff, P. B. Forney, G. T. Petrovsky, S. V. Lubarsky, Y. P. Khimitch, “Interferometric measurements of silicon carbide mirrors at liquid helium temperature,” in Silicon Carbide Materials for Optics and Precision Structures, M. A. Ealey, ed., Proc. SPIE2543, 196–200 (1995).
[Crossref]

Kii, T.

H. Takahashi, H. Shibai, M. Kawada, T. Hirao, T. Watabe, Y. Tsuduku, H. Nagata, H. Utsuno, Y. Hibi, S. Hirooka, T. Nakagawa, H. Kaneda, S. Matsuura, T. Kii, S. Makiuti, Y. Okamura, Y. Doi, H. Matsuo, N. Hiromoto, M. Fujiwara, M. Noda, “FIS: far-infrared surveyor on board ASTRO-F (IRIS),” in UV, Optical, and IR Space Telescopes and Instruments, J. B. Breckinridge, P. Jakobsen, eds., Proc. SPIE4013, 47–58 (2000).
[Crossref]

Kim, W.

H. Watarai, S. Fujita, D. Ishihara, W. Kim, I. Maeda, H. Matsuhara, T. Matsumoto, H. Murakami, T. Negishi, T. Onaka, T. Ootsubo, N. Takeyama, K. Uemizu, M. Ueno, T. Wada, “Infrared camera (IRC) on board ASTRO-F (IRIS): design overview and current status,” in UV, Optical, and IR Space Telescopes and Instruments, J. B. Breckinridge, P. Jakobsen, eds., Proc. SPIE4013, 59–68 (2000).
[Crossref]

Kishner, S. J.

E. Tobin, M. B. Magida, S. J. Kishner, M. H. Krim, “Design, fabrication, and test of meter-class reaction-bonded SiC mirror blank,” in Silicon Carbide Materials for Optics and Precision Structures, M. A. Ealey, ed., Proc. SPIE2543, 12–21 (1995).
[Crossref]

Krim, M. H.

E. Tobin, M. B. Magida, S. J. Kishner, M. H. Krim, “Design, fabrication, and test of meter-class reaction-bonded SiC mirror blank,” in Silicon Carbide Materials for Optics and Precision Structures, M. A. Ealey, ed., Proc. SPIE2543, 12–21 (1995).
[Crossref]

Kunkel, B. P.

B. Harnisch, A. Pradier, M. Deyerler, B. P. Kunkel, U. Papenburg, “Development of an ultra-lightweight scanning mirror for the optical imager of the second generation METEOSAT (MSG),” in Space Optics 1994: Space Instrumentation and Spacecraft Optics, T. M. Dewandre, J. J. Schulte-in-den-Baeumen, E. Sein, eds., Proc. SPIE2210, 395–406 (1994).
[Crossref]

Leviton, D.

D. Leviton, T. Saha, L. Gardner, “Far-ultraviolet and visible light scatter measurements for CVD SiC mirrors for SOHO,” in X-Ray and Ultraviolet Spectroscopy and Polarimetry II, S. Fineschi, ed., Proc. SPIE3443, 19–30 (1998).
[Crossref]

Leviton, D. B.

R. A. Keski-Kuha, J. F. Osantowski, D. B. Leviton, T. T. Saha, G. A. Wright, R. A. Boucarut, C. M. Fleetwood, T. J. Madison, “CVD silicon carbide mirrors for EUV applications,” in Silicon Carbide Materials for Optics and Precision Structures, M. A. Ealey, ed., Proc. SPIE2543, 173–179 (1995).
[Crossref]

Lubarsky, S. V.

P. N. Robb, R. R. Charpentier, S. V. Lubarsky, M. N. Tolstoy, G. V. Evteev, Y. P. Khimich, “Three-mirror anastigmatic telescope with a 60-cm aperture diameter and mirrors made of silicon carbide,” in Silicon Carbide Materials for Optics and Precision Structures, M. A. Ealey, ed., Proc. SPIE2543, 185–193 (1995).
[Crossref]

P. N. Robb, L. W. Huff, P. B. Forney, G. T. Petrovsky, S. V. Lubarsky, Y. P. Khimitch, “Interferometric measurements of silicon carbide mirrors at liquid helium temperature,” in Silicon Carbide Materials for Optics and Precision Structures, M. A. Ealey, ed., Proc. SPIE2543, 196–200 (1995).
[Crossref]

Madison, T. J.

R. A. Keski-Kuha, J. F. Osantowski, D. B. Leviton, T. T. Saha, G. A. Wright, R. A. Boucarut, C. M. Fleetwood, T. J. Madison, “CVD silicon carbide mirrors for EUV applications,” in Silicon Carbide Materials for Optics and Precision Structures, M. A. Ealey, ed., Proc. SPIE2543, 173–179 (1995).
[Crossref]

Maeda, I.

H. Watarai, S. Fujita, D. Ishihara, W. Kim, I. Maeda, H. Matsuhara, T. Matsumoto, H. Murakami, T. Negishi, T. Onaka, T. Ootsubo, N. Takeyama, K. Uemizu, M. Ueno, T. Wada, “Infrared camera (IRC) on board ASTRO-F (IRIS): design overview and current status,” in UV, Optical, and IR Space Telescopes and Instruments, J. B. Breckinridge, P. Jakobsen, eds., Proc. SPIE4013, 59–68 (2000).
[Crossref]

Magida, M. B.

E. Tobin, M. B. Magida, S. J. Kishner, M. H. Krim, “Design, fabrication, and test of meter-class reaction-bonded SiC mirror blank,” in Silicon Carbide Materials for Optics and Precision Structures, M. A. Ealey, ed., Proc. SPIE2543, 12–21 (1995).
[Crossref]

Makiuti, S.

H. Takahashi, H. Shibai, M. Kawada, T. Hirao, T. Watabe, Y. Tsuduku, H. Nagata, H. Utsuno, Y. Hibi, S. Hirooka, T. Nakagawa, H. Kaneda, S. Matsuura, T. Kii, S. Makiuti, Y. Okamura, Y. Doi, H. Matsuo, N. Hiromoto, M. Fujiwara, M. Noda, “FIS: far-infrared surveyor on board ASTRO-F (IRIS),” in UV, Optical, and IR Space Telescopes and Instruments, J. B. Breckinridge, P. Jakobsen, eds., Proc. SPIE4013, 47–58 (2000).
[Crossref]

Matsuhara, H.

H. Watarai, S. Fujita, D. Ishihara, W. Kim, I. Maeda, H. Matsuhara, T. Matsumoto, H. Murakami, T. Negishi, T. Onaka, T. Ootsubo, N. Takeyama, K. Uemizu, M. Ueno, T. Wada, “Infrared camera (IRC) on board ASTRO-F (IRIS): design overview and current status,” in UV, Optical, and IR Space Telescopes and Instruments, J. B. Breckinridge, P. Jakobsen, eds., Proc. SPIE4013, 59–68 (2000).
[Crossref]

Matsumoto, T.

H. Watarai, S. Fujita, D. Ishihara, W. Kim, I. Maeda, H. Matsuhara, T. Matsumoto, H. Murakami, T. Negishi, T. Onaka, T. Ootsubo, N. Takeyama, K. Uemizu, M. Ueno, T. Wada, “Infrared camera (IRC) on board ASTRO-F (IRIS): design overview and current status,” in UV, Optical, and IR Space Telescopes and Instruments, J. B. Breckinridge, P. Jakobsen, eds., Proc. SPIE4013, 59–68 (2000).
[Crossref]

Matsuo, H.

H. Takahashi, H. Shibai, M. Kawada, T. Hirao, T. Watabe, Y. Tsuduku, H. Nagata, H. Utsuno, Y. Hibi, S. Hirooka, T. Nakagawa, H. Kaneda, S. Matsuura, T. Kii, S. Makiuti, Y. Okamura, Y. Doi, H. Matsuo, N. Hiromoto, M. Fujiwara, M. Noda, “FIS: far-infrared surveyor on board ASTRO-F (IRIS),” in UV, Optical, and IR Space Telescopes and Instruments, J. B. Breckinridge, P. Jakobsen, eds., Proc. SPIE4013, 47–58 (2000).
[Crossref]

Matsuura, S.

H. Takahashi, H. Shibai, M. Kawada, T. Hirao, T. Watabe, Y. Tsuduku, H. Nagata, H. Utsuno, Y. Hibi, S. Hirooka, T. Nakagawa, H. Kaneda, S. Matsuura, T. Kii, S. Makiuti, Y. Okamura, Y. Doi, H. Matsuo, N. Hiromoto, M. Fujiwara, M. Noda, “FIS: far-infrared surveyor on board ASTRO-F (IRIS),” in UV, Optical, and IR Space Telescopes and Instruments, J. B. Breckinridge, P. Jakobsen, eds., Proc. SPIE4013, 47–58 (2000).
[Crossref]

Michel, D.

D. Michel, “Silicon carbide mirror cryogenic distortion testing,” in Cryogenic Optical Systems and Instruments VI, J. B. Heaney, L. G. Burriesci, eds., Proc. SPIE2227, 7–14 (1994).
[Crossref]

Miura, S.

T. Onaka, Y. Sugiyama, S. Miura, “Telescope system of the Infrared Imaging Surveyor (IRIS),” in Infrared Astronomical Instrumentation, A. M. Fowler, ed., Proc. SPIE3354, 900–904 (1998).
[Crossref]

Murakami, H.

H. Murakami, “Japanese Infrared Survey Mission IRIS (ASTRO-F),” in Space Telescopes and Instruments V, P. Y. Bely, J. B. Breckinridge, eds., Proc. SPIE3356, 471–477 (1998).
[Crossref]

H. Watarai, S. Fujita, D. Ishihara, W. Kim, I. Maeda, H. Matsuhara, T. Matsumoto, H. Murakami, T. Negishi, T. Onaka, T. Ootsubo, N. Takeyama, K. Uemizu, M. Ueno, T. Wada, “Infrared camera (IRC) on board ASTRO-F (IRIS): design overview and current status,” in UV, Optical, and IR Space Telescopes and Instruments, J. B. Breckinridge, P. Jakobsen, eds., Proc. SPIE4013, 59–68 (2000).
[Crossref]

Nagata, H.

H. Takahashi, H. Shibai, M. Kawada, T. Hirao, T. Watabe, Y. Tsuduku, H. Nagata, H. Utsuno, Y. Hibi, S. Hirooka, T. Nakagawa, H. Kaneda, S. Matsuura, T. Kii, S. Makiuti, Y. Okamura, Y. Doi, H. Matsuo, N. Hiromoto, M. Fujiwara, M. Noda, “FIS: far-infrared surveyor on board ASTRO-F (IRIS),” in UV, Optical, and IR Space Telescopes and Instruments, J. B. Breckinridge, P. Jakobsen, eds., Proc. SPIE4013, 47–58 (2000).
[Crossref]

Nakagawa, T.

H. Takahashi, H. Shibai, M. Kawada, T. Hirao, T. Watabe, Y. Tsuduku, H. Nagata, H. Utsuno, Y. Hibi, S. Hirooka, T. Nakagawa, H. Kaneda, S. Matsuura, T. Kii, S. Makiuti, Y. Okamura, Y. Doi, H. Matsuo, N. Hiromoto, M. Fujiwara, M. Noda, “FIS: far-infrared surveyor on board ASTRO-F (IRIS),” in UV, Optical, and IR Space Telescopes and Instruments, J. B. Breckinridge, P. Jakobsen, eds., Proc. SPIE4013, 47–58 (2000).
[Crossref]

Namba, Y.

Y. Namba, “Ultraprecision grinding of chemical vapor-deposited silicon carbide mirrors for synchrotron radiation,” in Optics for High-Brightness Synchrotron Radiation Beamlines II, L. E. Berman, J. R. Arthur, eds., Proc. SPIE2856, 323–330 (1996).
[Crossref]

Negishi, T.

H. Watarai, S. Fujita, D. Ishihara, W. Kim, I. Maeda, H. Matsuhara, T. Matsumoto, H. Murakami, T. Negishi, T. Onaka, T. Ootsubo, N. Takeyama, K. Uemizu, M. Ueno, T. Wada, “Infrared camera (IRC) on board ASTRO-F (IRIS): design overview and current status,” in UV, Optical, and IR Space Telescopes and Instruments, J. B. Breckinridge, P. Jakobsen, eds., Proc. SPIE4013, 59–68 (2000).
[Crossref]

Noda, M.

H. Takahashi, H. Shibai, M. Kawada, T. Hirao, T. Watabe, Y. Tsuduku, H. Nagata, H. Utsuno, Y. Hibi, S. Hirooka, T. Nakagawa, H. Kaneda, S. Matsuura, T. Kii, S. Makiuti, Y. Okamura, Y. Doi, H. Matsuo, N. Hiromoto, M. Fujiwara, M. Noda, “FIS: far-infrared surveyor on board ASTRO-F (IRIS),” in UV, Optical, and IR Space Telescopes and Instruments, J. B. Breckinridge, P. Jakobsen, eds., Proc. SPIE4013, 47–58 (2000).
[Crossref]

Okamura, Y.

H. Takahashi, H. Shibai, M. Kawada, T. Hirao, T. Watabe, Y. Tsuduku, H. Nagata, H. Utsuno, Y. Hibi, S. Hirooka, T. Nakagawa, H. Kaneda, S. Matsuura, T. Kii, S. Makiuti, Y. Okamura, Y. Doi, H. Matsuo, N. Hiromoto, M. Fujiwara, M. Noda, “FIS: far-infrared surveyor on board ASTRO-F (IRIS),” in UV, Optical, and IR Space Telescopes and Instruments, J. B. Breckinridge, P. Jakobsen, eds., Proc. SPIE4013, 47–58 (2000).
[Crossref]

Onaka, T.

T. Onaka, Y. Sugiyama, S. Miura, “Telescope system of the Infrared Imaging Surveyor (IRIS),” in Infrared Astronomical Instrumentation, A. M. Fowler, ed., Proc. SPIE3354, 900–904 (1998).
[Crossref]

H. Watarai, S. Fujita, D. Ishihara, W. Kim, I. Maeda, H. Matsuhara, T. Matsumoto, H. Murakami, T. Negishi, T. Onaka, T. Ootsubo, N. Takeyama, K. Uemizu, M. Ueno, T. Wada, “Infrared camera (IRC) on board ASTRO-F (IRIS): design overview and current status,” in UV, Optical, and IR Space Telescopes and Instruments, J. B. Breckinridge, P. Jakobsen, eds., Proc. SPIE4013, 59–68 (2000).
[Crossref]

H. Kaneda, T. Onaka, R. Yamashiro, “Development of SiC Mirror for ASTRO-F,” in Proceedings of Mid- and Far-Infrared Astronomy and Future Space Missions, Special Edition Report No. 14, T. Matsumoto, H. Shibai, eds., (Institute of Space and Astronautical Science, Kanagawa, Japan, 2000), pp. 289–295.

Ootsubo, T.

H. Watarai, S. Fujita, D. Ishihara, W. Kim, I. Maeda, H. Matsuhara, T. Matsumoto, H. Murakami, T. Negishi, T. Onaka, T. Ootsubo, N. Takeyama, K. Uemizu, M. Ueno, T. Wada, “Infrared camera (IRC) on board ASTRO-F (IRIS): design overview and current status,” in UV, Optical, and IR Space Telescopes and Instruments, J. B. Breckinridge, P. Jakobsen, eds., Proc. SPIE4013, 59–68 (2000).
[Crossref]

Osantowski, J. F.

R. A. Keski-Kuha, J. F. Osantowski, D. B. Leviton, T. T. Saha, G. A. Wright, R. A. Boucarut, C. M. Fleetwood, T. J. Madison, “CVD silicon carbide mirrors for EUV applications,” in Silicon Carbide Materials for Optics and Precision Structures, M. A. Ealey, ed., Proc. SPIE2543, 173–179 (1995).
[Crossref]

Papenburg, U.

B. Harnisch, A. Pradier, M. Deyerler, B. P. Kunkel, U. Papenburg, “Development of an ultra-lightweight scanning mirror for the optical imager of the second generation METEOSAT (MSG),” in Space Optics 1994: Space Instrumentation and Spacecraft Optics, T. M. Dewandre, J. J. Schulte-in-den-Baeumen, E. Sein, eds., Proc. SPIE2210, 395–406 (1994).
[Crossref]

Parodi, G.

O. Citterio, G. Parodi, “SiC-foamed mirror for telescope operating in space or on ground,” in Optical Telescopes of Today and Tomorrow, A. L. Ardeberg, ed., Proc. SPIE2871, 337–342 (1997).
[Crossref]

Pepi, J. W.

K. J. Triebes, L. W. Huff, C. D. Cox, J. W. Pepi, “Cryogenic optical performance of a lightweighted 20-inch SiC mirror and indications for thermal strain homogeneity and hysteresis,” in Silicon Carbide Materials for Optics and Precision Structures, M. A. Ealey, ed., Proc. SPIE2543, 213–218 (1995).
[Crossref]

Petrovsky, G. T.

P. N. Robb, L. W. Huff, P. B. Forney, G. T. Petrovsky, S. V. Lubarsky, Y. P. Khimitch, “Interferometric measurements of silicon carbide mirrors at liquid helium temperature,” in Silicon Carbide Materials for Optics and Precision Structures, M. A. Ealey, ed., Proc. SPIE2543, 196–200 (1995).
[Crossref]

Pradier, A.

B. Harnisch, A. Pradier, M. Deyerler, B. P. Kunkel, U. Papenburg, “Development of an ultra-lightweight scanning mirror for the optical imager of the second generation METEOSAT (MSG),” in Space Optics 1994: Space Instrumentation and Spacecraft Optics, T. M. Dewandre, J. J. Schulte-in-den-Baeumen, E. Sein, eds., Proc. SPIE2210, 395–406 (1994).
[Crossref]

Robb, P. N.

P. N. Robb, R. R. Charpentier, S. V. Lubarsky, M. N. Tolstoy, G. V. Evteev, Y. P. Khimich, “Three-mirror anastigmatic telescope with a 60-cm aperture diameter and mirrors made of silicon carbide,” in Silicon Carbide Materials for Optics and Precision Structures, M. A. Ealey, ed., Proc. SPIE2543, 185–193 (1995).
[Crossref]

P. N. Robb, L. W. Huff, P. B. Forney, G. T. Petrovsky, S. V. Lubarsky, Y. P. Khimitch, “Interferometric measurements of silicon carbide mirrors at liquid helium temperature,” in Silicon Carbide Materials for Optics and Precision Structures, M. A. Ealey, ed., Proc. SPIE2543, 196–200 (1995).
[Crossref]

Saha, T.

D. Leviton, T. Saha, L. Gardner, “Far-ultraviolet and visible light scatter measurements for CVD SiC mirrors for SOHO,” in X-Ray and Ultraviolet Spectroscopy and Polarimetry II, S. Fineschi, ed., Proc. SPIE3443, 19–30 (1998).
[Crossref]

Saha, T. T.

R. A. Keski-Kuha, J. F. Osantowski, D. B. Leviton, T. T. Saha, G. A. Wright, R. A. Boucarut, C. M. Fleetwood, T. J. Madison, “CVD silicon carbide mirrors for EUV applications,” in Silicon Carbide Materials for Optics and Precision Structures, M. A. Ealey, ed., Proc. SPIE2543, 173–179 (1995).
[Crossref]

Shi, C. J.

C. J. Shi, A. Ezis, “Application of hot-pressed silicon carbide to large high-precision optical structures,” in Silicon Carbide Materials for Optics and Precision Structures, M. A. Ealey, ed., Proc. SPIE2543, 24–37 (1995).
[Crossref]

Shibai, H.

H. Takahashi, H. Shibai, M. Kawada, T. Hirao, T. Watabe, Y. Tsuduku, H. Nagata, H. Utsuno, Y. Hibi, S. Hirooka, T. Nakagawa, H. Kaneda, S. Matsuura, T. Kii, S. Makiuti, Y. Okamura, Y. Doi, H. Matsuo, N. Hiromoto, M. Fujiwara, M. Noda, “FIS: far-infrared surveyor on board ASTRO-F (IRIS),” in UV, Optical, and IR Space Telescopes and Instruments, J. B. Breckinridge, P. Jakobsen, eds., Proc. SPIE4013, 47–58 (2000).
[Crossref]

Sugiyama, Y.

T. Onaka, Y. Sugiyama, S. Miura, “Telescope system of the Infrared Imaging Surveyor (IRIS),” in Infrared Astronomical Instrumentation, A. M. Fowler, ed., Proc. SPIE3354, 900–904 (1998).
[Crossref]

Takahashi, H.

H. Takahashi, H. Shibai, M. Kawada, T. Hirao, T. Watabe, Y. Tsuduku, H. Nagata, H. Utsuno, Y. Hibi, S. Hirooka, T. Nakagawa, H. Kaneda, S. Matsuura, T. Kii, S. Makiuti, Y. Okamura, Y. Doi, H. Matsuo, N. Hiromoto, M. Fujiwara, M. Noda, “FIS: far-infrared surveyor on board ASTRO-F (IRIS),” in UV, Optical, and IR Space Telescopes and Instruments, J. B. Breckinridge, P. Jakobsen, eds., Proc. SPIE4013, 47–58 (2000).
[Crossref]

Takeyama, N.

H. Watarai, S. Fujita, D. Ishihara, W. Kim, I. Maeda, H. Matsuhara, T. Matsumoto, H. Murakami, T. Negishi, T. Onaka, T. Ootsubo, N. Takeyama, K. Uemizu, M. Ueno, T. Wada, “Infrared camera (IRC) on board ASTRO-F (IRIS): design overview and current status,” in UV, Optical, and IR Space Telescopes and Instruments, J. B. Breckinridge, P. Jakobsen, eds., Proc. SPIE4013, 59–68 (2000).
[Crossref]

Tobin, E.

E. Tobin, M. B. Magida, S. J. Kishner, M. H. Krim, “Design, fabrication, and test of meter-class reaction-bonded SiC mirror blank,” in Silicon Carbide Materials for Optics and Precision Structures, M. A. Ealey, ed., Proc. SPIE2543, 12–21 (1995).
[Crossref]

Tolstoy, M. N.

P. N. Robb, R. R. Charpentier, S. V. Lubarsky, M. N. Tolstoy, G. V. Evteev, Y. P. Khimich, “Three-mirror anastigmatic telescope with a 60-cm aperture diameter and mirrors made of silicon carbide,” in Silicon Carbide Materials for Optics and Precision Structures, M. A. Ealey, ed., Proc. SPIE2543, 185–193 (1995).
[Crossref]

Triebes, K. J.

K. J. Triebes, L. W. Huff, C. D. Cox, J. W. Pepi, “Cryogenic optical performance of a lightweighted 20-inch SiC mirror and indications for thermal strain homogeneity and hysteresis,” in Silicon Carbide Materials for Optics and Precision Structures, M. A. Ealey, ed., Proc. SPIE2543, 213–218 (1995).
[Crossref]

Tsuduku, Y.

H. Takahashi, H. Shibai, M. Kawada, T. Hirao, T. Watabe, Y. Tsuduku, H. Nagata, H. Utsuno, Y. Hibi, S. Hirooka, T. Nakagawa, H. Kaneda, S. Matsuura, T. Kii, S. Makiuti, Y. Okamura, Y. Doi, H. Matsuo, N. Hiromoto, M. Fujiwara, M. Noda, “FIS: far-infrared surveyor on board ASTRO-F (IRIS),” in UV, Optical, and IR Space Telescopes and Instruments, J. B. Breckinridge, P. Jakobsen, eds., Proc. SPIE4013, 47–58 (2000).
[Crossref]

Uemizu, K.

H. Watarai, S. Fujita, D. Ishihara, W. Kim, I. Maeda, H. Matsuhara, T. Matsumoto, H. Murakami, T. Negishi, T. Onaka, T. Ootsubo, N. Takeyama, K. Uemizu, M. Ueno, T. Wada, “Infrared camera (IRC) on board ASTRO-F (IRIS): design overview and current status,” in UV, Optical, and IR Space Telescopes and Instruments, J. B. Breckinridge, P. Jakobsen, eds., Proc. SPIE4013, 59–68 (2000).
[Crossref]

Ueno, M.

H. Watarai, S. Fujita, D. Ishihara, W. Kim, I. Maeda, H. Matsuhara, T. Matsumoto, H. Murakami, T. Negishi, T. Onaka, T. Ootsubo, N. Takeyama, K. Uemizu, M. Ueno, T. Wada, “Infrared camera (IRC) on board ASTRO-F (IRIS): design overview and current status,” in UV, Optical, and IR Space Telescopes and Instruments, J. B. Breckinridge, P. Jakobsen, eds., Proc. SPIE4013, 59–68 (2000).
[Crossref]

Utsuno, H.

H. Takahashi, H. Shibai, M. Kawada, T. Hirao, T. Watabe, Y. Tsuduku, H. Nagata, H. Utsuno, Y. Hibi, S. Hirooka, T. Nakagawa, H. Kaneda, S. Matsuura, T. Kii, S. Makiuti, Y. Okamura, Y. Doi, H. Matsuo, N. Hiromoto, M. Fujiwara, M. Noda, “FIS: far-infrared surveyor on board ASTRO-F (IRIS),” in UV, Optical, and IR Space Telescopes and Instruments, J. B. Breckinridge, P. Jakobsen, eds., Proc. SPIE4013, 47–58 (2000).
[Crossref]

Wada, T.

H. Watarai, S. Fujita, D. Ishihara, W. Kim, I. Maeda, H. Matsuhara, T. Matsumoto, H. Murakami, T. Negishi, T. Onaka, T. Ootsubo, N. Takeyama, K. Uemizu, M. Ueno, T. Wada, “Infrared camera (IRC) on board ASTRO-F (IRIS): design overview and current status,” in UV, Optical, and IR Space Telescopes and Instruments, J. B. Breckinridge, P. Jakobsen, eds., Proc. SPIE4013, 59–68 (2000).
[Crossref]

Watabe, T.

H. Takahashi, H. Shibai, M. Kawada, T. Hirao, T. Watabe, Y. Tsuduku, H. Nagata, H. Utsuno, Y. Hibi, S. Hirooka, T. Nakagawa, H. Kaneda, S. Matsuura, T. Kii, S. Makiuti, Y. Okamura, Y. Doi, H. Matsuo, N. Hiromoto, M. Fujiwara, M. Noda, “FIS: far-infrared surveyor on board ASTRO-F (IRIS),” in UV, Optical, and IR Space Telescopes and Instruments, J. B. Breckinridge, P. Jakobsen, eds., Proc. SPIE4013, 47–58 (2000).
[Crossref]

Watarai, H.

H. Watarai, S. Fujita, D. Ishihara, W. Kim, I. Maeda, H. Matsuhara, T. Matsumoto, H. Murakami, T. Negishi, T. Onaka, T. Ootsubo, N. Takeyama, K. Uemizu, M. Ueno, T. Wada, “Infrared camera (IRC) on board ASTRO-F (IRIS): design overview and current status,” in UV, Optical, and IR Space Telescopes and Instruments, J. B. Breckinridge, P. Jakobsen, eds., Proc. SPIE4013, 59–68 (2000).
[Crossref]

Wright, G. A.

R. A. Keski-Kuha, J. F. Osantowski, D. B. Leviton, T. T. Saha, G. A. Wright, R. A. Boucarut, C. M. Fleetwood, T. J. Madison, “CVD silicon carbide mirrors for EUV applications,” in Silicon Carbide Materials for Optics and Precision Structures, M. A. Ealey, ed., Proc. SPIE2543, 173–179 (1995).
[Crossref]

Yamashiro, R.

H. Kaneda, T. Onaka, R. Yamashiro, “Development of SiC Mirror for ASTRO-F,” in Proceedings of Mid- and Far-Infrared Astronomy and Future Space Missions, Special Edition Report No. 14, T. Matsumoto, H. Shibai, eds., (Institute of Space and Astronautical Science, Kanagawa, Japan, 2000), pp. 289–295.

Other (16)

E. Tobin, M. B. Magida, S. J. Kishner, M. H. Krim, “Design, fabrication, and test of meter-class reaction-bonded SiC mirror blank,” in Silicon Carbide Materials for Optics and Precision Structures, M. A. Ealey, ed., Proc. SPIE2543, 12–21 (1995).
[Crossref]

C. J. Shi, A. Ezis, “Application of hot-pressed silicon carbide to large high-precision optical structures,” in Silicon Carbide Materials for Optics and Precision Structures, M. A. Ealey, ed., Proc. SPIE2543, 24–37 (1995).
[Crossref]

P. N. Robb, R. R. Charpentier, S. V. Lubarsky, M. N. Tolstoy, G. V. Evteev, Y. P. Khimich, “Three-mirror anastigmatic telescope with a 60-cm aperture diameter and mirrors made of silicon carbide,” in Silicon Carbide Materials for Optics and Precision Structures, M. A. Ealey, ed., Proc. SPIE2543, 185–193 (1995).
[Crossref]

B. Harnisch, A. Pradier, M. Deyerler, B. P. Kunkel, U. Papenburg, “Development of an ultra-lightweight scanning mirror for the optical imager of the second generation METEOSAT (MSG),” in Space Optics 1994: Space Instrumentation and Spacecraft Optics, T. M. Dewandre, J. J. Schulte-in-den-Baeumen, E. Sein, eds., Proc. SPIE2210, 395–406 (1994).
[Crossref]

R. A. Keski-Kuha, J. F. Osantowski, D. B. Leviton, T. T. Saha, G. A. Wright, R. A. Boucarut, C. M. Fleetwood, T. J. Madison, “CVD silicon carbide mirrors for EUV applications,” in Silicon Carbide Materials for Optics and Precision Structures, M. A. Ealey, ed., Proc. SPIE2543, 173–179 (1995).
[Crossref]

Y. Namba, “Ultraprecision grinding of chemical vapor-deposited silicon carbide mirrors for synchrotron radiation,” in Optics for High-Brightness Synchrotron Radiation Beamlines II, L. E. Berman, J. R. Arthur, eds., Proc. SPIE2856, 323–330 (1996).
[Crossref]

O. Citterio, G. Parodi, “SiC-foamed mirror for telescope operating in space or on ground,” in Optical Telescopes of Today and Tomorrow, A. L. Ardeberg, ed., Proc. SPIE2871, 337–342 (1997).
[Crossref]

D. Leviton, T. Saha, L. Gardner, “Far-ultraviolet and visible light scatter measurements for CVD SiC mirrors for SOHO,” in X-Ray and Ultraviolet Spectroscopy and Polarimetry II, S. Fineschi, ed., Proc. SPIE3443, 19–30 (1998).
[Crossref]

D. Michel, “Silicon carbide mirror cryogenic distortion testing,” in Cryogenic Optical Systems and Instruments VI, J. B. Heaney, L. G. Burriesci, eds., Proc. SPIE2227, 7–14 (1994).
[Crossref]

K. J. Triebes, L. W. Huff, C. D. Cox, J. W. Pepi, “Cryogenic optical performance of a lightweighted 20-inch SiC mirror and indications for thermal strain homogeneity and hysteresis,” in Silicon Carbide Materials for Optics and Precision Structures, M. A. Ealey, ed., Proc. SPIE2543, 213–218 (1995).
[Crossref]

P. N. Robb, L. W. Huff, P. B. Forney, G. T. Petrovsky, S. V. Lubarsky, Y. P. Khimitch, “Interferometric measurements of silicon carbide mirrors at liquid helium temperature,” in Silicon Carbide Materials for Optics and Precision Structures, M. A. Ealey, ed., Proc. SPIE2543, 196–200 (1995).
[Crossref]

H. Murakami, “Japanese Infrared Survey Mission IRIS (ASTRO-F),” in Space Telescopes and Instruments V, P. Y. Bely, J. B. Breckinridge, eds., Proc. SPIE3356, 471–477 (1998).
[Crossref]

H. Takahashi, H. Shibai, M. Kawada, T. Hirao, T. Watabe, Y. Tsuduku, H. Nagata, H. Utsuno, Y. Hibi, S. Hirooka, T. Nakagawa, H. Kaneda, S. Matsuura, T. Kii, S. Makiuti, Y. Okamura, Y. Doi, H. Matsuo, N. Hiromoto, M. Fujiwara, M. Noda, “FIS: far-infrared surveyor on board ASTRO-F (IRIS),” in UV, Optical, and IR Space Telescopes and Instruments, J. B. Breckinridge, P. Jakobsen, eds., Proc. SPIE4013, 47–58 (2000).
[Crossref]

H. Watarai, S. Fujita, D. Ishihara, W. Kim, I. Maeda, H. Matsuhara, T. Matsumoto, H. Murakami, T. Negishi, T. Onaka, T. Ootsubo, N. Takeyama, K. Uemizu, M. Ueno, T. Wada, “Infrared camera (IRC) on board ASTRO-F (IRIS): design overview and current status,” in UV, Optical, and IR Space Telescopes and Instruments, J. B. Breckinridge, P. Jakobsen, eds., Proc. SPIE4013, 59–68 (2000).
[Crossref]

T. Onaka, Y. Sugiyama, S. Miura, “Telescope system of the Infrared Imaging Surveyor (IRIS),” in Infrared Astronomical Instrumentation, A. M. Fowler, ed., Proc. SPIE3354, 900–904 (1998).
[Crossref]

H. Kaneda, T. Onaka, R. Yamashiro, “Development of SiC Mirror for ASTRO-F,” in Proceedings of Mid- and Far-Infrared Astronomy and Future Space Missions, Special Edition Report No. 14, T. Matsumoto, H. Shibai, eds., (Institute of Space and Astronautical Science, Kanagawa, Japan, 2000), pp. 289–295.

Cited By

OSA participates in Crossref's Cited-By Linking service. Citing articles from OSA journals and other participating publishers are listed here.

Alert me when this article is cited.


Figures (8)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

(a) Photograph of the front of a sandwich-type porous-core CVD SiC mirror. (b) Photograph of the rear of the mirror; support structures made from super-Invar are attached.

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

Locations of three thermal straps and a thermometer attached to the backside structure of the SiC mirror.

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

Schematic view of the whole measurement system of mirror contours at cryogenic temperatures.

Fig. 4
Fig. 4

Changes with temperature in surface contours of top, the second SiC test mirror and bottom, the third SiC test mirror. The rms surface contour error is indicated with each figure. The data are given in units of λ, where λ implies the 632.8-nm wavelength of a He-Ne laser.

Fig. 5
Fig. 5

Changes with temperature in surface contours of top, the second SiC test mirror and bottom, the third SiC test mirror shown after subtraction of the initial surface contour measured before cooling. Note that the vertical scale at the upper left is different from those for the other three figures. The rms surface contour error is indicated for each figure.

Fig. 6
Fig. 6

Plots of the rms surface-contour error against temperature for the first, the second, and the third SiC mirrors. For the second and the third SiC mirrors the rms errors relative to the initial surface contour measured before cooling are also plotted (lower curves with the same symbol or line thickness).

Fig. 7
Fig. 7

Change in surface contour with temperature measured for the third SiC mirror with support structures, shown after subtraction of the mirror surface contour without support structures measured at similar temperatures.

Fig. 8
Fig. 8

Plots of the peak or valley values of the three surface distortions against temperature, caused by attachment of the support structure by Stycast, EC2216, or EP007 adhesive agent. These values were estimated after subtraction of the mirror surface contour without support structures measured at similar temperatures.

Tables (2)

Tables Icon

Table 1 Properties of Mirror Materials at Room Temperature

Tables Icon

Table 2 Characteristics of Sandwich-Type SiC Test Mirrors

Metrics