Abstract

Amplified spontaneous emission power and contrast ratio in a linear miltipass Ti:sapphire regenerative amplifier with a wavelength centered at 1054 nm are calculated and measured. It is shown that the passive losses of a seed pulse and the losses in coupling to the regenerative amplifier cavity mode degrade the intensity contrast ratio to 10-6–10-7. The advantage of an optical parametric chirped pulse amplifier with respect to the contrast ratio is discussed.

© 2003 Optical Society of America

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References

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  1. D. Strickland, G. Mourou, “Compression of amplified chirped optical pulses,” Opt. Commun. 56, 219–221 (1985).
    [CrossRef]
  2. M. D. Perry, D. M. Pennington, B. C. Stuart, G. Tiethbohl, L. A. Britten, C. Brown, S. Herman, B. Golik, M. Kartz, J. Miller, H. T. Powell, M. Verigo, V. Yanovsky, “Petawatt laser pulses,” Opt. Lett. 24, 160–162 (1999).
    [CrossRef]
  3. J. D. Bonlie, F. Patterson, D. Price, B. White, P. Springer, “Production of > 1021 W/cm2 from a large-aperture Ti:sapphire laser system,” Appl. Phys. B 70, S155–S160 (2000).
    [CrossRef]
  4. M. Nantel, J. Itatani, A. C. Tien, J. Faure, D. Kaplan, M. Bouvier, T. Buma, P. Van Romplay, J. Nees, P. Pronko, D. Umstadter, G. A. Mourou, “Temporal contrast in Ti:sapphire laser: characterization and control,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 4, 449–458 (1998).
    [CrossRef]
  5. C. Rouyer, N. Blanchot, I. Allais, E. Mazataud, J. L. Miquel, M. Nail, A. Pierre, C. Sauteret, A. Migus, “Production and characterization of intensities above 2 × 1019 W/cm2, obtained with 30-TW 300-fs pulses generated in a Ti:sapphire/Nd-doped mixed-glass chain,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 13, 55–58 (1996).
    [CrossRef]
  6. A. Yariv, Quantum Electronics (Wiley, New York, 1988).
  7. D. C. Brown, High-Peak-Power Nd:Glass Laser Systems (Springer-Verlag, Berlin, 1981).
    [CrossRef]
  8. A. E. Siegman, Lasers (University Science, Mill Valley, Calif., 1986).
  9. B. C. Stuart, S. Herman, M. D. Perry, “Chirped pulse amplification in Ti:sapphire beyond 1 µm,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 31, 528–538 (1995).
    [CrossRef]
  10. I. Jovanovic, B. J. Comaskey, C. A. Ebbers, R. A. Bonner, D. M. Pennington, E. C. Morse, “Optical parametric chirped-pulse amplifier as an alternative to Ti:sapphire amplifiers,” Appl. Opt. 41, 2923–2929 (2002).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  11. D. A. Kleinman, “Theory of optical parametric noise,” Phys. Rev. 174, 1027–1040 (1968).
    [CrossRef]
  12. L. J. Waxer, V. Bagnoud, I. A. Begishev, M. J. Guardalben, J. Puth, J. D. Zuegel, “High-conversion-efficiency optical parametric chirped-pulse amplification system using spatiotemporally shaped pump pulses,” Opt. Lett. 28, 1242–1244 (2003).
    [CrossRef]
  13. S. Ferre, M. Pitman, G. Cheriaux, F. Auge, J. P. Chambaret, “High dynamic range temporal characterization of femtosecond Ti:sapphire oscillators,” in Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics, Vol. 56 of OSA Trends in Optics and Photonics Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 2001), p. 45.
  14. V. Yanovsky, C. Felix, G. Mourou, “High-energy broad-band regenerative amplifier for chirped-pulse amplification,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 4, 539–541 (2001).

2003 (1)

2002 (1)

2001 (1)

V. Yanovsky, C. Felix, G. Mourou, “High-energy broad-band regenerative amplifier for chirped-pulse amplification,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 4, 539–541 (2001).

2000 (1)

J. D. Bonlie, F. Patterson, D. Price, B. White, P. Springer, “Production of > 1021 W/cm2 from a large-aperture Ti:sapphire laser system,” Appl. Phys. B 70, S155–S160 (2000).
[CrossRef]

1999 (1)

1998 (1)

M. Nantel, J. Itatani, A. C. Tien, J. Faure, D. Kaplan, M. Bouvier, T. Buma, P. Van Romplay, J. Nees, P. Pronko, D. Umstadter, G. A. Mourou, “Temporal contrast in Ti:sapphire laser: characterization and control,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 4, 449–458 (1998).
[CrossRef]

1996 (1)

1995 (1)

B. C. Stuart, S. Herman, M. D. Perry, “Chirped pulse amplification in Ti:sapphire beyond 1 µm,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 31, 528–538 (1995).
[CrossRef]

1985 (1)

D. Strickland, G. Mourou, “Compression of amplified chirped optical pulses,” Opt. Commun. 56, 219–221 (1985).
[CrossRef]

1968 (1)

D. A. Kleinman, “Theory of optical parametric noise,” Phys. Rev. 174, 1027–1040 (1968).
[CrossRef]

Allais, I.

Auge, F.

S. Ferre, M. Pitman, G. Cheriaux, F. Auge, J. P. Chambaret, “High dynamic range temporal characterization of femtosecond Ti:sapphire oscillators,” in Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics, Vol. 56 of OSA Trends in Optics and Photonics Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 2001), p. 45.

Bagnoud, V.

Begishev, I. A.

Blanchot, N.

Bonlie, J. D.

J. D. Bonlie, F. Patterson, D. Price, B. White, P. Springer, “Production of > 1021 W/cm2 from a large-aperture Ti:sapphire laser system,” Appl. Phys. B 70, S155–S160 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Bonner, R. A.

Bouvier, M.

M. Nantel, J. Itatani, A. C. Tien, J. Faure, D. Kaplan, M. Bouvier, T. Buma, P. Van Romplay, J. Nees, P. Pronko, D. Umstadter, G. A. Mourou, “Temporal contrast in Ti:sapphire laser: characterization and control,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 4, 449–458 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Britten, L. A.

Brown, C.

Brown, D. C.

D. C. Brown, High-Peak-Power Nd:Glass Laser Systems (Springer-Verlag, Berlin, 1981).
[CrossRef]

Buma, T.

M. Nantel, J. Itatani, A. C. Tien, J. Faure, D. Kaplan, M. Bouvier, T. Buma, P. Van Romplay, J. Nees, P. Pronko, D. Umstadter, G. A. Mourou, “Temporal contrast in Ti:sapphire laser: characterization and control,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 4, 449–458 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Chambaret, J. P.

S. Ferre, M. Pitman, G. Cheriaux, F. Auge, J. P. Chambaret, “High dynamic range temporal characterization of femtosecond Ti:sapphire oscillators,” in Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics, Vol. 56 of OSA Trends in Optics and Photonics Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 2001), p. 45.

Cheriaux, G.

S. Ferre, M. Pitman, G. Cheriaux, F. Auge, J. P. Chambaret, “High dynamic range temporal characterization of femtosecond Ti:sapphire oscillators,” in Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics, Vol. 56 of OSA Trends in Optics and Photonics Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 2001), p. 45.

Comaskey, B. J.

Ebbers, C. A.

Faure, J.

M. Nantel, J. Itatani, A. C. Tien, J. Faure, D. Kaplan, M. Bouvier, T. Buma, P. Van Romplay, J. Nees, P. Pronko, D. Umstadter, G. A. Mourou, “Temporal contrast in Ti:sapphire laser: characterization and control,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 4, 449–458 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Felix, C.

V. Yanovsky, C. Felix, G. Mourou, “High-energy broad-band regenerative amplifier for chirped-pulse amplification,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 4, 539–541 (2001).

Ferre, S.

S. Ferre, M. Pitman, G. Cheriaux, F. Auge, J. P. Chambaret, “High dynamic range temporal characterization of femtosecond Ti:sapphire oscillators,” in Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics, Vol. 56 of OSA Trends in Optics and Photonics Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 2001), p. 45.

Golik, B.

Guardalben, M. J.

Herman, S.

Itatani, J.

M. Nantel, J. Itatani, A. C. Tien, J. Faure, D. Kaplan, M. Bouvier, T. Buma, P. Van Romplay, J. Nees, P. Pronko, D. Umstadter, G. A. Mourou, “Temporal contrast in Ti:sapphire laser: characterization and control,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 4, 449–458 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Jovanovic, I.

Kaplan, D.

M. Nantel, J. Itatani, A. C. Tien, J. Faure, D. Kaplan, M. Bouvier, T. Buma, P. Van Romplay, J. Nees, P. Pronko, D. Umstadter, G. A. Mourou, “Temporal contrast in Ti:sapphire laser: characterization and control,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 4, 449–458 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Kartz, M.

Kleinman, D. A.

D. A. Kleinman, “Theory of optical parametric noise,” Phys. Rev. 174, 1027–1040 (1968).
[CrossRef]

Mazataud, E.

Migus, A.

Miller, J.

Miquel, J. L.

Morse, E. C.

Mourou, G.

V. Yanovsky, C. Felix, G. Mourou, “High-energy broad-band regenerative amplifier for chirped-pulse amplification,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 4, 539–541 (2001).

D. Strickland, G. Mourou, “Compression of amplified chirped optical pulses,” Opt. Commun. 56, 219–221 (1985).
[CrossRef]

Mourou, G. A.

M. Nantel, J. Itatani, A. C. Tien, J. Faure, D. Kaplan, M. Bouvier, T. Buma, P. Van Romplay, J. Nees, P. Pronko, D. Umstadter, G. A. Mourou, “Temporal contrast in Ti:sapphire laser: characterization and control,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 4, 449–458 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Nail, M.

Nantel, M.

M. Nantel, J. Itatani, A. C. Tien, J. Faure, D. Kaplan, M. Bouvier, T. Buma, P. Van Romplay, J. Nees, P. Pronko, D. Umstadter, G. A. Mourou, “Temporal contrast in Ti:sapphire laser: characterization and control,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 4, 449–458 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Nees, J.

M. Nantel, J. Itatani, A. C. Tien, J. Faure, D. Kaplan, M. Bouvier, T. Buma, P. Van Romplay, J. Nees, P. Pronko, D. Umstadter, G. A. Mourou, “Temporal contrast in Ti:sapphire laser: characterization and control,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 4, 449–458 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Patterson, F.

J. D. Bonlie, F. Patterson, D. Price, B. White, P. Springer, “Production of > 1021 W/cm2 from a large-aperture Ti:sapphire laser system,” Appl. Phys. B 70, S155–S160 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Pennington, D. M.

Perry, M. D.

Pierre, A.

Pitman, M.

S. Ferre, M. Pitman, G. Cheriaux, F. Auge, J. P. Chambaret, “High dynamic range temporal characterization of femtosecond Ti:sapphire oscillators,” in Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics, Vol. 56 of OSA Trends in Optics and Photonics Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 2001), p. 45.

Powell, H. T.

Price, D.

J. D. Bonlie, F. Patterson, D. Price, B. White, P. Springer, “Production of > 1021 W/cm2 from a large-aperture Ti:sapphire laser system,” Appl. Phys. B 70, S155–S160 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Pronko, P.

M. Nantel, J. Itatani, A. C. Tien, J. Faure, D. Kaplan, M. Bouvier, T. Buma, P. Van Romplay, J. Nees, P. Pronko, D. Umstadter, G. A. Mourou, “Temporal contrast in Ti:sapphire laser: characterization and control,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 4, 449–458 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Puth, J.

Rouyer, C.

Sauteret, C.

Siegman, A. E.

A. E. Siegman, Lasers (University Science, Mill Valley, Calif., 1986).

Springer, P.

J. D. Bonlie, F. Patterson, D. Price, B. White, P. Springer, “Production of > 1021 W/cm2 from a large-aperture Ti:sapphire laser system,” Appl. Phys. B 70, S155–S160 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Strickland, D.

D. Strickland, G. Mourou, “Compression of amplified chirped optical pulses,” Opt. Commun. 56, 219–221 (1985).
[CrossRef]

Stuart, B. C.

Tien, A. C.

M. Nantel, J. Itatani, A. C. Tien, J. Faure, D. Kaplan, M. Bouvier, T. Buma, P. Van Romplay, J. Nees, P. Pronko, D. Umstadter, G. A. Mourou, “Temporal contrast in Ti:sapphire laser: characterization and control,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 4, 449–458 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Tiethbohl, G.

Umstadter, D.

M. Nantel, J. Itatani, A. C. Tien, J. Faure, D. Kaplan, M. Bouvier, T. Buma, P. Van Romplay, J. Nees, P. Pronko, D. Umstadter, G. A. Mourou, “Temporal contrast in Ti:sapphire laser: characterization and control,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 4, 449–458 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Van Romplay, P.

M. Nantel, J. Itatani, A. C. Tien, J. Faure, D. Kaplan, M. Bouvier, T. Buma, P. Van Romplay, J. Nees, P. Pronko, D. Umstadter, G. A. Mourou, “Temporal contrast in Ti:sapphire laser: characterization and control,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 4, 449–458 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Verigo, M.

Waxer, L. J.

White, B.

J. D. Bonlie, F. Patterson, D. Price, B. White, P. Springer, “Production of > 1021 W/cm2 from a large-aperture Ti:sapphire laser system,” Appl. Phys. B 70, S155–S160 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Yanovsky, V.

V. Yanovsky, C. Felix, G. Mourou, “High-energy broad-band regenerative amplifier for chirped-pulse amplification,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 4, 539–541 (2001).

M. D. Perry, D. M. Pennington, B. C. Stuart, G. Tiethbohl, L. A. Britten, C. Brown, S. Herman, B. Golik, M. Kartz, J. Miller, H. T. Powell, M. Verigo, V. Yanovsky, “Petawatt laser pulses,” Opt. Lett. 24, 160–162 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Yariv, A.

A. Yariv, Quantum Electronics (Wiley, New York, 1988).

Zuegel, J. D.

Appl. Opt. (1)

Appl. Phys. B (1)

J. D. Bonlie, F. Patterson, D. Price, B. White, P. Springer, “Production of > 1021 W/cm2 from a large-aperture Ti:sapphire laser system,” Appl. Phys. B 70, S155–S160 (2000).
[CrossRef]

IEEE J. Quantum Electron. (1)

B. C. Stuart, S. Herman, M. D. Perry, “Chirped pulse amplification in Ti:sapphire beyond 1 µm,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 31, 528–538 (1995).
[CrossRef]

IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. (2)

V. Yanovsky, C. Felix, G. Mourou, “High-energy broad-band regenerative amplifier for chirped-pulse amplification,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 4, 539–541 (2001).

M. Nantel, J. Itatani, A. C. Tien, J. Faure, D. Kaplan, M. Bouvier, T. Buma, P. Van Romplay, J. Nees, P. Pronko, D. Umstadter, G. A. Mourou, “Temporal contrast in Ti:sapphire laser: characterization and control,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 4, 449–458 (1998).
[CrossRef]

J. Opt. Soc. Am. B (1)

Opt. Commun. (1)

D. Strickland, G. Mourou, “Compression of amplified chirped optical pulses,” Opt. Commun. 56, 219–221 (1985).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Lett. (2)

Phys. Rev. (1)

D. A. Kleinman, “Theory of optical parametric noise,” Phys. Rev. 174, 1027–1040 (1968).
[CrossRef]

Other (4)

A. Yariv, Quantum Electronics (Wiley, New York, 1988).

D. C. Brown, High-Peak-Power Nd:Glass Laser Systems (Springer-Verlag, Berlin, 1981).
[CrossRef]

A. E. Siegman, Lasers (University Science, Mill Valley, Calif., 1986).

S. Ferre, M. Pitman, G. Cheriaux, F. Auge, J. P. Chambaret, “High dynamic range temporal characterization of femtosecond Ti:sapphire oscillators,” in Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics, Vol. 56 of OSA Trends in Optics and Photonics Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 2001), p. 45.

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Figures (2)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

Optical scheme of the regenerative amplifier. M, mirror; PC, Pockels cell; PM, power meter; PH, pinhole; L, lens.

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

Power of the noise as a function of K mode from the measurement of the ASE (dashed curve) and from the measurement of the contrast ratio (solid curve).

Equations (9)

Equations on this page are rendered with MathJax. Learn more.

Pn1= hνKΔνστΔΩS04πG0-1,
Pn=Pn1+Pn1/G0++Pn1/G0m-1G0m-1Pn1G0m/G0-1.
Pn= ΔΩS08πhνKΔνστ.
σ= 18πcn2λ4λeffτ,
Pn=ΔΩ S0n2λ2 hνΔν.
P0=hνΔν.
G=G0k=GsatKsatKmode,
Pn=Enout/ 2Gτ=Enout/ 2GsatKsatKmodetc,
Pn= 12KiregEsoutGsatKmodets.

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