Abstract

Birefringence in azodye-doped polymethylmethacrylate and azodye-doped silica hybrid materials was induced by the two-photon excitation of a femtosecond laser. The growth and the relaxation characteristics of the photoinduced birefringence in the two types of material were investigated, and the probe transmittance for the induced birefringence was estimated to be 92%. Furthermore, an optical image storage based on this photoinduced birefringence was demonstrated.

© 2003 Optical Society of America

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  1. K. Miura, J. Qiu, H. Inouye, T. Mitsuyu, K. Hirao, “Photowritten optical waveguides in various glasses with ultrashort pulse laser,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 71, 3329–3331 (1997).
    [CrossRef]
  2. E. N. Glezer, E. Mazur, “Ultrafast-laser driven micro-explosions in transparent materials,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 71, 882–884 (1997).
    [CrossRef]
  3. M. Watanabe, H. Sun, S. Juodkazis, T. Takahashi, S. Matsuo, Y. Suzuki, J. Nishii, H. Misawa, “Three dimensional optical data storage in vitreous silica,” Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. Part 2 37, L1527–L1530 (1998).
    [CrossRef]
  4. K. Kawamura, M. Hirano, T. Kamiya, H. Hosono, “Holographic writing of volume-type microgratings in silica glass by a single chirped laser pulse,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 81, 1137–1139 (2002).
    [CrossRef]
  5. Y. Li, W. Watanabe, K. Yamada, T. Shinagawa, K. Itoh, J. Nishii, Y. Jiang, “Holographic fabrication of multiple layers of grating inside soda-lime glass with femtosecond laser pulses,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 80, 1508–1510 (2002).
    [CrossRef]
  6. J. Si, J. Qiu, J. Zhai, Y. Shen, K. Hirao, “Photoinduced permanent gratings inside bulk azodye-doped polymers by coherent field of a femtosecond laser,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 80, 359–361 (2002).
    [CrossRef]
  7. J. Si, J. Qiu, K. Hirao, “Photoinduced phase-matched second-harmonic generation in azodye-doped polymer films,” J. Appl. Phys. 89, 2029–2032 (2001).
    [CrossRef]
  8. J. Si, K. Kitaoka, J. Qiu, T. Mitsuyu, K. Hirao, “Optically encoded second-harmonic generation in germanosilicate glass by a femtosecond laser,” Opt. Lett. 24, 911–913 (1999).
    [CrossRef]
  9. R. A. Hill, S. Dreher, A. Knoesen, D. R. Yankelevich, “Reversible optical storage utilizing pulsed, photoinduced, electric-field-assisted reorientation of azobenzenses,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 66, 2156–2158 (1995).
    [CrossRef]
  10. R. Hildebrandt, M. Hegelich, H.-M. Keller, G. Marowsky, S. Hvilsted, N. C. R. Holme, P. S. Ramanujam, “Time-resolved investigation of photoinduced birefringence in azobenzene side-chain polyester films,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 81, 5548–5551 (1998).
    [CrossRef]
  11. A. Natansohn, S. Xie, P. Rochon, “Azo polymers for reversible optical storage,” Macromolecules 25, 5531–5532 (1992).
    [CrossRef]
  12. J. Zhai, Y. Shen, J. Si, K. Hirao, “The fabrication of permanent holographic gratings in bulk polymer medium by a femtosecond laser,” J. Appl. Phys. D 34, 3466–3469 (2001).
    [CrossRef]
  13. G. D. Qian, Z. Yang, C. L. Yang, M. Q. Wang, “Matrix effects and mechanisms of the spectral shift of coumarin 440 doped in sol-gel derived gel glass,” J. Appl. Phys. 88, 2503–2508 (2000).
    [CrossRef]
  14. Y. Wang, J. Zhao, J. Si, P. Ye, X. Fu, L. Qiu, Y. Shen, “Dynamic studies of degenerate four-wave-mixing in azobenzene-doped polymer films with optical pump,” J. Chem. Phys. 103, 5357–5361 (1995).
    [CrossRef]

2002 (3)

K. Kawamura, M. Hirano, T. Kamiya, H. Hosono, “Holographic writing of volume-type microgratings in silica glass by a single chirped laser pulse,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 81, 1137–1139 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Y. Li, W. Watanabe, K. Yamada, T. Shinagawa, K. Itoh, J. Nishii, Y. Jiang, “Holographic fabrication of multiple layers of grating inside soda-lime glass with femtosecond laser pulses,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 80, 1508–1510 (2002).
[CrossRef]

J. Si, J. Qiu, J. Zhai, Y. Shen, K. Hirao, “Photoinduced permanent gratings inside bulk azodye-doped polymers by coherent field of a femtosecond laser,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 80, 359–361 (2002).
[CrossRef]

2001 (2)

J. Si, J. Qiu, K. Hirao, “Photoinduced phase-matched second-harmonic generation in azodye-doped polymer films,” J. Appl. Phys. 89, 2029–2032 (2001).
[CrossRef]

J. Zhai, Y. Shen, J. Si, K. Hirao, “The fabrication of permanent holographic gratings in bulk polymer medium by a femtosecond laser,” J. Appl. Phys. D 34, 3466–3469 (2001).
[CrossRef]

2000 (1)

G. D. Qian, Z. Yang, C. L. Yang, M. Q. Wang, “Matrix effects and mechanisms of the spectral shift of coumarin 440 doped in sol-gel derived gel glass,” J. Appl. Phys. 88, 2503–2508 (2000).
[CrossRef]

1999 (1)

1998 (2)

R. Hildebrandt, M. Hegelich, H.-M. Keller, G. Marowsky, S. Hvilsted, N. C. R. Holme, P. S. Ramanujam, “Time-resolved investigation of photoinduced birefringence in azobenzene side-chain polyester films,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 81, 5548–5551 (1998).
[CrossRef]

M. Watanabe, H. Sun, S. Juodkazis, T. Takahashi, S. Matsuo, Y. Suzuki, J. Nishii, H. Misawa, “Three dimensional optical data storage in vitreous silica,” Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. Part 2 37, L1527–L1530 (1998).
[CrossRef]

1997 (2)

K. Miura, J. Qiu, H. Inouye, T. Mitsuyu, K. Hirao, “Photowritten optical waveguides in various glasses with ultrashort pulse laser,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 71, 3329–3331 (1997).
[CrossRef]

E. N. Glezer, E. Mazur, “Ultrafast-laser driven micro-explosions in transparent materials,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 71, 882–884 (1997).
[CrossRef]

1995 (2)

R. A. Hill, S. Dreher, A. Knoesen, D. R. Yankelevich, “Reversible optical storage utilizing pulsed, photoinduced, electric-field-assisted reorientation of azobenzenses,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 66, 2156–2158 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Y. Wang, J. Zhao, J. Si, P. Ye, X. Fu, L. Qiu, Y. Shen, “Dynamic studies of degenerate four-wave-mixing in azobenzene-doped polymer films with optical pump,” J. Chem. Phys. 103, 5357–5361 (1995).
[CrossRef]

1992 (1)

A. Natansohn, S. Xie, P. Rochon, “Azo polymers for reversible optical storage,” Macromolecules 25, 5531–5532 (1992).
[CrossRef]

Dreher, S.

R. A. Hill, S. Dreher, A. Knoesen, D. R. Yankelevich, “Reversible optical storage utilizing pulsed, photoinduced, electric-field-assisted reorientation of azobenzenses,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 66, 2156–2158 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Fu, X.

Y. Wang, J. Zhao, J. Si, P. Ye, X. Fu, L. Qiu, Y. Shen, “Dynamic studies of degenerate four-wave-mixing in azobenzene-doped polymer films with optical pump,” J. Chem. Phys. 103, 5357–5361 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Glezer, E. N.

E. N. Glezer, E. Mazur, “Ultrafast-laser driven micro-explosions in transparent materials,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 71, 882–884 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Hegelich, M.

R. Hildebrandt, M. Hegelich, H.-M. Keller, G. Marowsky, S. Hvilsted, N. C. R. Holme, P. S. Ramanujam, “Time-resolved investigation of photoinduced birefringence in azobenzene side-chain polyester films,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 81, 5548–5551 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Hildebrandt, R.

R. Hildebrandt, M. Hegelich, H.-M. Keller, G. Marowsky, S. Hvilsted, N. C. R. Holme, P. S. Ramanujam, “Time-resolved investigation of photoinduced birefringence in azobenzene side-chain polyester films,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 81, 5548–5551 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Hill, R. A.

R. A. Hill, S. Dreher, A. Knoesen, D. R. Yankelevich, “Reversible optical storage utilizing pulsed, photoinduced, electric-field-assisted reorientation of azobenzenses,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 66, 2156–2158 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Hirano, M.

K. Kawamura, M. Hirano, T. Kamiya, H. Hosono, “Holographic writing of volume-type microgratings in silica glass by a single chirped laser pulse,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 81, 1137–1139 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Hirao, K.

J. Si, J. Qiu, J. Zhai, Y. Shen, K. Hirao, “Photoinduced permanent gratings inside bulk azodye-doped polymers by coherent field of a femtosecond laser,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 80, 359–361 (2002).
[CrossRef]

J. Si, J. Qiu, K. Hirao, “Photoinduced phase-matched second-harmonic generation in azodye-doped polymer films,” J. Appl. Phys. 89, 2029–2032 (2001).
[CrossRef]

J. Zhai, Y. Shen, J. Si, K. Hirao, “The fabrication of permanent holographic gratings in bulk polymer medium by a femtosecond laser,” J. Appl. Phys. D 34, 3466–3469 (2001).
[CrossRef]

J. Si, K. Kitaoka, J. Qiu, T. Mitsuyu, K. Hirao, “Optically encoded second-harmonic generation in germanosilicate glass by a femtosecond laser,” Opt. Lett. 24, 911–913 (1999).
[CrossRef]

K. Miura, J. Qiu, H. Inouye, T. Mitsuyu, K. Hirao, “Photowritten optical waveguides in various glasses with ultrashort pulse laser,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 71, 3329–3331 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Holme, N. C. R.

R. Hildebrandt, M. Hegelich, H.-M. Keller, G. Marowsky, S. Hvilsted, N. C. R. Holme, P. S. Ramanujam, “Time-resolved investigation of photoinduced birefringence in azobenzene side-chain polyester films,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 81, 5548–5551 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Hosono, H.

K. Kawamura, M. Hirano, T. Kamiya, H. Hosono, “Holographic writing of volume-type microgratings in silica glass by a single chirped laser pulse,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 81, 1137–1139 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Hvilsted, S.

R. Hildebrandt, M. Hegelich, H.-M. Keller, G. Marowsky, S. Hvilsted, N. C. R. Holme, P. S. Ramanujam, “Time-resolved investigation of photoinduced birefringence in azobenzene side-chain polyester films,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 81, 5548–5551 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Inouye, H.

K. Miura, J. Qiu, H. Inouye, T. Mitsuyu, K. Hirao, “Photowritten optical waveguides in various glasses with ultrashort pulse laser,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 71, 3329–3331 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Itoh, K.

Y. Li, W. Watanabe, K. Yamada, T. Shinagawa, K. Itoh, J. Nishii, Y. Jiang, “Holographic fabrication of multiple layers of grating inside soda-lime glass with femtosecond laser pulses,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 80, 1508–1510 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Jiang, Y.

Y. Li, W. Watanabe, K. Yamada, T. Shinagawa, K. Itoh, J. Nishii, Y. Jiang, “Holographic fabrication of multiple layers of grating inside soda-lime glass with femtosecond laser pulses,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 80, 1508–1510 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Juodkazis, S.

M. Watanabe, H. Sun, S. Juodkazis, T. Takahashi, S. Matsuo, Y. Suzuki, J. Nishii, H. Misawa, “Three dimensional optical data storage in vitreous silica,” Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. Part 2 37, L1527–L1530 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Kamiya, T.

K. Kawamura, M. Hirano, T. Kamiya, H. Hosono, “Holographic writing of volume-type microgratings in silica glass by a single chirped laser pulse,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 81, 1137–1139 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Kawamura, K.

K. Kawamura, M. Hirano, T. Kamiya, H. Hosono, “Holographic writing of volume-type microgratings in silica glass by a single chirped laser pulse,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 81, 1137–1139 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Keller, H.-M.

R. Hildebrandt, M. Hegelich, H.-M. Keller, G. Marowsky, S. Hvilsted, N. C. R. Holme, P. S. Ramanujam, “Time-resolved investigation of photoinduced birefringence in azobenzene side-chain polyester films,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 81, 5548–5551 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Kitaoka, K.

Knoesen, A.

R. A. Hill, S. Dreher, A. Knoesen, D. R. Yankelevich, “Reversible optical storage utilizing pulsed, photoinduced, electric-field-assisted reorientation of azobenzenses,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 66, 2156–2158 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Li, Y.

Y. Li, W. Watanabe, K. Yamada, T. Shinagawa, K. Itoh, J. Nishii, Y. Jiang, “Holographic fabrication of multiple layers of grating inside soda-lime glass with femtosecond laser pulses,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 80, 1508–1510 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Marowsky, G.

R. Hildebrandt, M. Hegelich, H.-M. Keller, G. Marowsky, S. Hvilsted, N. C. R. Holme, P. S. Ramanujam, “Time-resolved investigation of photoinduced birefringence in azobenzene side-chain polyester films,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 81, 5548–5551 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Matsuo, S.

M. Watanabe, H. Sun, S. Juodkazis, T. Takahashi, S. Matsuo, Y. Suzuki, J. Nishii, H. Misawa, “Three dimensional optical data storage in vitreous silica,” Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. Part 2 37, L1527–L1530 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Mazur, E.

E. N. Glezer, E. Mazur, “Ultrafast-laser driven micro-explosions in transparent materials,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 71, 882–884 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Misawa, H.

M. Watanabe, H. Sun, S. Juodkazis, T. Takahashi, S. Matsuo, Y. Suzuki, J. Nishii, H. Misawa, “Three dimensional optical data storage in vitreous silica,” Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. Part 2 37, L1527–L1530 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Mitsuyu, T.

J. Si, K. Kitaoka, J. Qiu, T. Mitsuyu, K. Hirao, “Optically encoded second-harmonic generation in germanosilicate glass by a femtosecond laser,” Opt. Lett. 24, 911–913 (1999).
[CrossRef]

K. Miura, J. Qiu, H. Inouye, T. Mitsuyu, K. Hirao, “Photowritten optical waveguides in various glasses with ultrashort pulse laser,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 71, 3329–3331 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Miura, K.

K. Miura, J. Qiu, H. Inouye, T. Mitsuyu, K. Hirao, “Photowritten optical waveguides in various glasses with ultrashort pulse laser,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 71, 3329–3331 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Natansohn, A.

A. Natansohn, S. Xie, P. Rochon, “Azo polymers for reversible optical storage,” Macromolecules 25, 5531–5532 (1992).
[CrossRef]

Nishii, J.

Y. Li, W. Watanabe, K. Yamada, T. Shinagawa, K. Itoh, J. Nishii, Y. Jiang, “Holographic fabrication of multiple layers of grating inside soda-lime glass with femtosecond laser pulses,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 80, 1508–1510 (2002).
[CrossRef]

M. Watanabe, H. Sun, S. Juodkazis, T. Takahashi, S. Matsuo, Y. Suzuki, J. Nishii, H. Misawa, “Three dimensional optical data storage in vitreous silica,” Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. Part 2 37, L1527–L1530 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Qian, G. D.

G. D. Qian, Z. Yang, C. L. Yang, M. Q. Wang, “Matrix effects and mechanisms of the spectral shift of coumarin 440 doped in sol-gel derived gel glass,” J. Appl. Phys. 88, 2503–2508 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Qiu, J.

J. Si, J. Qiu, J. Zhai, Y. Shen, K. Hirao, “Photoinduced permanent gratings inside bulk azodye-doped polymers by coherent field of a femtosecond laser,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 80, 359–361 (2002).
[CrossRef]

J. Si, J. Qiu, K. Hirao, “Photoinduced phase-matched second-harmonic generation in azodye-doped polymer films,” J. Appl. Phys. 89, 2029–2032 (2001).
[CrossRef]

J. Si, K. Kitaoka, J. Qiu, T. Mitsuyu, K. Hirao, “Optically encoded second-harmonic generation in germanosilicate glass by a femtosecond laser,” Opt. Lett. 24, 911–913 (1999).
[CrossRef]

K. Miura, J. Qiu, H. Inouye, T. Mitsuyu, K. Hirao, “Photowritten optical waveguides in various glasses with ultrashort pulse laser,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 71, 3329–3331 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Qiu, L.

Y. Wang, J. Zhao, J. Si, P. Ye, X. Fu, L. Qiu, Y. Shen, “Dynamic studies of degenerate four-wave-mixing in azobenzene-doped polymer films with optical pump,” J. Chem. Phys. 103, 5357–5361 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Ramanujam, P. S.

R. Hildebrandt, M. Hegelich, H.-M. Keller, G. Marowsky, S. Hvilsted, N. C. R. Holme, P. S. Ramanujam, “Time-resolved investigation of photoinduced birefringence in azobenzene side-chain polyester films,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 81, 5548–5551 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Rochon, P.

A. Natansohn, S. Xie, P. Rochon, “Azo polymers for reversible optical storage,” Macromolecules 25, 5531–5532 (1992).
[CrossRef]

Shen, Y.

J. Si, J. Qiu, J. Zhai, Y. Shen, K. Hirao, “Photoinduced permanent gratings inside bulk azodye-doped polymers by coherent field of a femtosecond laser,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 80, 359–361 (2002).
[CrossRef]

J. Zhai, Y. Shen, J. Si, K. Hirao, “The fabrication of permanent holographic gratings in bulk polymer medium by a femtosecond laser,” J. Appl. Phys. D 34, 3466–3469 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Y. Wang, J. Zhao, J. Si, P. Ye, X. Fu, L. Qiu, Y. Shen, “Dynamic studies of degenerate four-wave-mixing in azobenzene-doped polymer films with optical pump,” J. Chem. Phys. 103, 5357–5361 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Shinagawa, T.

Y. Li, W. Watanabe, K. Yamada, T. Shinagawa, K. Itoh, J. Nishii, Y. Jiang, “Holographic fabrication of multiple layers of grating inside soda-lime glass with femtosecond laser pulses,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 80, 1508–1510 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Si, J.

J. Si, J. Qiu, J. Zhai, Y. Shen, K. Hirao, “Photoinduced permanent gratings inside bulk azodye-doped polymers by coherent field of a femtosecond laser,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 80, 359–361 (2002).
[CrossRef]

J. Si, J. Qiu, K. Hirao, “Photoinduced phase-matched second-harmonic generation in azodye-doped polymer films,” J. Appl. Phys. 89, 2029–2032 (2001).
[CrossRef]

J. Zhai, Y. Shen, J. Si, K. Hirao, “The fabrication of permanent holographic gratings in bulk polymer medium by a femtosecond laser,” J. Appl. Phys. D 34, 3466–3469 (2001).
[CrossRef]

J. Si, K. Kitaoka, J. Qiu, T. Mitsuyu, K. Hirao, “Optically encoded second-harmonic generation in germanosilicate glass by a femtosecond laser,” Opt. Lett. 24, 911–913 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Y. Wang, J. Zhao, J. Si, P. Ye, X. Fu, L. Qiu, Y. Shen, “Dynamic studies of degenerate four-wave-mixing in azobenzene-doped polymer films with optical pump,” J. Chem. Phys. 103, 5357–5361 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Sun, H.

M. Watanabe, H. Sun, S. Juodkazis, T. Takahashi, S. Matsuo, Y. Suzuki, J. Nishii, H. Misawa, “Three dimensional optical data storage in vitreous silica,” Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. Part 2 37, L1527–L1530 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Suzuki, Y.

M. Watanabe, H. Sun, S. Juodkazis, T. Takahashi, S. Matsuo, Y. Suzuki, J. Nishii, H. Misawa, “Three dimensional optical data storage in vitreous silica,” Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. Part 2 37, L1527–L1530 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Takahashi, T.

M. Watanabe, H. Sun, S. Juodkazis, T. Takahashi, S. Matsuo, Y. Suzuki, J. Nishii, H. Misawa, “Three dimensional optical data storage in vitreous silica,” Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. Part 2 37, L1527–L1530 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Wang, M. Q.

G. D. Qian, Z. Yang, C. L. Yang, M. Q. Wang, “Matrix effects and mechanisms of the spectral shift of coumarin 440 doped in sol-gel derived gel glass,” J. Appl. Phys. 88, 2503–2508 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Wang, Y.

Y. Wang, J. Zhao, J. Si, P. Ye, X. Fu, L. Qiu, Y. Shen, “Dynamic studies of degenerate four-wave-mixing in azobenzene-doped polymer films with optical pump,” J. Chem. Phys. 103, 5357–5361 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Watanabe, M.

M. Watanabe, H. Sun, S. Juodkazis, T. Takahashi, S. Matsuo, Y. Suzuki, J. Nishii, H. Misawa, “Three dimensional optical data storage in vitreous silica,” Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. Part 2 37, L1527–L1530 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Watanabe, W.

Y. Li, W. Watanabe, K. Yamada, T. Shinagawa, K. Itoh, J. Nishii, Y. Jiang, “Holographic fabrication of multiple layers of grating inside soda-lime glass with femtosecond laser pulses,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 80, 1508–1510 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Xie, S.

A. Natansohn, S. Xie, P. Rochon, “Azo polymers for reversible optical storage,” Macromolecules 25, 5531–5532 (1992).
[CrossRef]

Yamada, K.

Y. Li, W. Watanabe, K. Yamada, T. Shinagawa, K. Itoh, J. Nishii, Y. Jiang, “Holographic fabrication of multiple layers of grating inside soda-lime glass with femtosecond laser pulses,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 80, 1508–1510 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Yang, C. L.

G. D. Qian, Z. Yang, C. L. Yang, M. Q. Wang, “Matrix effects and mechanisms of the spectral shift of coumarin 440 doped in sol-gel derived gel glass,” J. Appl. Phys. 88, 2503–2508 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Yang, Z.

G. D. Qian, Z. Yang, C. L. Yang, M. Q. Wang, “Matrix effects and mechanisms of the spectral shift of coumarin 440 doped in sol-gel derived gel glass,” J. Appl. Phys. 88, 2503–2508 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Yankelevich, D. R.

R. A. Hill, S. Dreher, A. Knoesen, D. R. Yankelevich, “Reversible optical storage utilizing pulsed, photoinduced, electric-field-assisted reorientation of azobenzenses,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 66, 2156–2158 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Ye, P.

Y. Wang, J. Zhao, J. Si, P. Ye, X. Fu, L. Qiu, Y. Shen, “Dynamic studies of degenerate four-wave-mixing in azobenzene-doped polymer films with optical pump,” J. Chem. Phys. 103, 5357–5361 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Zhai, J.

J. Si, J. Qiu, J. Zhai, Y. Shen, K. Hirao, “Photoinduced permanent gratings inside bulk azodye-doped polymers by coherent field of a femtosecond laser,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 80, 359–361 (2002).
[CrossRef]

J. Zhai, Y. Shen, J. Si, K. Hirao, “The fabrication of permanent holographic gratings in bulk polymer medium by a femtosecond laser,” J. Appl. Phys. D 34, 3466–3469 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Zhao, J.

Y. Wang, J. Zhao, J. Si, P. Ye, X. Fu, L. Qiu, Y. Shen, “Dynamic studies of degenerate four-wave-mixing in azobenzene-doped polymer films with optical pump,” J. Chem. Phys. 103, 5357–5361 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Appl. Phys. Lett. (6)

K. Kawamura, M. Hirano, T. Kamiya, H. Hosono, “Holographic writing of volume-type microgratings in silica glass by a single chirped laser pulse,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 81, 1137–1139 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Y. Li, W. Watanabe, K. Yamada, T. Shinagawa, K. Itoh, J. Nishii, Y. Jiang, “Holographic fabrication of multiple layers of grating inside soda-lime glass with femtosecond laser pulses,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 80, 1508–1510 (2002).
[CrossRef]

J. Si, J. Qiu, J. Zhai, Y. Shen, K. Hirao, “Photoinduced permanent gratings inside bulk azodye-doped polymers by coherent field of a femtosecond laser,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 80, 359–361 (2002).
[CrossRef]

K. Miura, J. Qiu, H. Inouye, T. Mitsuyu, K. Hirao, “Photowritten optical waveguides in various glasses with ultrashort pulse laser,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 71, 3329–3331 (1997).
[CrossRef]

E. N. Glezer, E. Mazur, “Ultrafast-laser driven micro-explosions in transparent materials,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 71, 882–884 (1997).
[CrossRef]

R. A. Hill, S. Dreher, A. Knoesen, D. R. Yankelevich, “Reversible optical storage utilizing pulsed, photoinduced, electric-field-assisted reorientation of azobenzenses,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 66, 2156–2158 (1995).
[CrossRef]

J. Appl. Phys. (2)

J. Si, J. Qiu, K. Hirao, “Photoinduced phase-matched second-harmonic generation in azodye-doped polymer films,” J. Appl. Phys. 89, 2029–2032 (2001).
[CrossRef]

G. D. Qian, Z. Yang, C. L. Yang, M. Q. Wang, “Matrix effects and mechanisms of the spectral shift of coumarin 440 doped in sol-gel derived gel glass,” J. Appl. Phys. 88, 2503–2508 (2000).
[CrossRef]

J. Appl. Phys. D (1)

J. Zhai, Y. Shen, J. Si, K. Hirao, “The fabrication of permanent holographic gratings in bulk polymer medium by a femtosecond laser,” J. Appl. Phys. D 34, 3466–3469 (2001).
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J. Chem. Phys. (1)

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[CrossRef]

Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. Part 2 (1)

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[CrossRef]

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[CrossRef]

Opt. Lett. (1)

Phys. Rev. Lett. (1)

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[CrossRef]

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Figures (6)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

Absorption spectra of (a) the azo-PMMA and (b) the azo-silica samples. Both samples are almost transparent at a wavelength of 800 nm.

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

Experimental setup for the photoinduced birefringence. P, polarizer; S, sample; F, filter; D, detector.

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

Growth and decay processes of the photoinduced birefringence of the azo-PMMA sample at a writing power of 80 mW.

Fig. 4
Fig. 4

Decay process of the photoinduced birefringence of the azo-silica sample after 2-min irradiation with the writing beam.

Fig. 5
Fig. 5

Decay of the birefringence of the azo-PMMA sample induced at different writing powers: (a) 80 and (b) 55 mW.

Fig. 6
Fig. 6

Experimental setup for (a) the optical image storage based on photoinduced birefringence and (b) the image stored in the azo-PMMA sample and read out with the 633-nm probe beam. BE, beam expander.

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