Abstract

The acoustic wave emitted from the plasma channel associated with a filament induced by a femtosecond laser pulse in air was detected with a microphone. This sonographic detection provides a new method to determine the length and the spatial profile of the free-electron density of a filament. The acoustic wave is emitted owing to the expansion of the gas in the filament, which is heated through collisions with high-energy photoelectrons generated by multiphoton ionization. Compared with other methods, the acoustic detection is simpler, more sensitive, and with higher spatial resolution, making it suitable for field measurements over kilometer-range distances or laboratory-scale studies on the fine structure of a filament.

© 2003 Optical Society of America

Full Article  |  PDF Article

References

  • View by:
  • |
  • |
  • |

  1. A. Braun, G. Korn, X. Liu, D. Du, J. Squier, G. Mourou, “Self-channeling of high-peak-power femtosecond laser pulses in air,” Opt. Lett. 20, 73–75 (1995).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  2. P. Rairoux, H. Schillinger, S. Niedermeier, M. Rodriguez, F. Ronneberger, R. Sauerbrey, B. Stein, D. Waite, C. Wedekind, H. Wille, L. Wöste, “Remote sensing of the atmosphere using ultrashort laser pulses,” Appl. Phys. B 71, 573–580 (2000).
    [CrossRef]
  3. B. La Fontaine, D. Comptois, C. Y. Chien, A. Desparois, F. Gérin, G. Jarry, T. W. Johnston, J. C. Kieffer, F. Martin, R. Mawassi, H. Pépin, F. A. M. Rizk, F. Vidal, C. Potvin, P. Couture, H. P. Mercure, “Guiding large-scale spark discharges with ultrashort pulse laser filaments,” J. Appl. Phys. 88, 610–615 (2000).
    [CrossRef]
  4. M. Rodriguez, R. Sauerbrey, H. Wille, L. Wöste, T. Fujii, Y.-B. André, A. Mysyrowicz, L. Klingbeil, K. Rethmeier, W. Kalkner, J. Kasparian, E. Salmon, J. Yu, J.-P. Wolf, “Triggering and guiding megavolt discharges by use of laser-induced ionized filaments,” Opt. Lett. 27, 772–774 (2002).
    [CrossRef]
  5. J. Yu, D. Mondelain, G. Ange, R. Volk, S. Niedermeier, J.-P. Wolf, J. Kasparian, R. Sauerbrey, “Backward supercontinuum emission from filaments generated by ultrashort laser pulses in air,” Opt. Lett. 26, 533–535 (2001).
    [CrossRef]
  6. H. Schillinger, R. Sauerbrey, “Electrical conductivity of long plasma channels in air generated by self-guided femtosecond laser pulses,” Appl. Phys. B 68, 753–756 (1999).
    [CrossRef]
  7. A. Proulx, A. Talebpour, S. Petit, S. L. Chin, “Fast pulsed electrical field created from the self-generated filament of a femtosecond Ti:sapphire laser pulse in air,” Opt. Commun. 174, 305–309 (2000).
    [CrossRef]
  8. A. Talebpour, S. Petit, S. L. Chin, “Re-focusing during the propagation of a focused femtosecond Ti:sapphire laser pulse in air,” Opt. Commun. 171, 285–290 (1999).
    [CrossRef]
  9. A. Iwasaki, N. Aközbek, B. Ferland, Q. Luo, G. Roy, C. M. Bowden, S. L. Chin, “A LIDAR technique to measure the filament length generated by a high-peak power femtosecond laser pulse in air,” Appl. Phys. B 76, 231–236 (2003).
    [CrossRef]
  10. S. Tzortzakis, B. Prade, M. Franco, A. Mysyrowicz, “Time-evolution of the plasma channel at the trail of a self-guided IR femtosecond laser pulse in air,” Opt. Commun. 181, 123–127 (2000).
    [CrossRef]
  11. S. Tzortzakis, G. Méchain, G. Patalano, Y.-B. André, B. Prade, M. Franco, A. Mysyrowicz, J.-M. Munier, M. Gheudin, G. Beaudin, P. Encrenaz, “Coherent subterahertz radiation from femtosecond infrared filaments in air,” Opt. Lett. 27, 1944–1946 (2002).
    [CrossRef]
  12. H. Wille, M. Rodriguez, J. Kasparian, D. Mondelain, J. Yu, A. Mysyrowicz, R. Sauerbrey, J.-P. Wolf, L. Wöste, “Teramobile: a mobile femtosecond-terawatt laser and detection system,” Eur. Phys. J. A 20, 183–190 (2002).
    [CrossRef]
  13. S. Tzortzakis, L. Bergé, A. Couairon, M. Franco, B. Prade, A. Mysyrowicz, “Breakup and fusion of self-guided femtosecond light pulses in air,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 86, 5470–5473 (2001).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  14. A. D. Bandrauk, ed. Molecules in Laser Fields (Marcel Dekker, New York, 1994).
  15. G. N. Gibson, R. R. Freeman, “Dynamics of the high-intensity multiphoton ionization of N2,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 67, 1230–1233 (1991).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  16. V. E. Gusev, “Estimate of parameters for shock waves excited by femtosecond laser pulses,” Bull. Acad. Sci. USSR Phys. Ser. 57, 1–10 (1993).
  17. F. Vidal, D. Comtois, C. Y. Chien, A. Desparois, B. La Fontaine, T. W. Johnston, J. C. Kieffer, H. P. Mercure, H. Pépin, F. A. Rizik, “Modeling the triggering of streamers in air by ultrashort laser pulses,” IEEE Trans. Plasma Sci. 28, 418–433 (2000).
    [CrossRef]
  18. S. L. Chin, D. K. Evans, R. D. McAlpine, W. N. Selander, “Single-pulse photoacoustic technique for measuring IR multiphoton absorption by polyatomic molecules,” Appl. Phys. 21, 65–68 (1982).
  19. J. Kasparian, R. Sauerbrey, S. L. Chin, “The critical laser intensity of self-guided light filaments in air,” Appl. Phys. B 71, 877–879 (2000).
    [CrossRef]
  20. A. Becker, N. Aközbek, K. Vijayalakshmi, E. Oral, C. M. Bowden, S. L. Chin, “Intensity clamping and re-focusing of intense femtosecond laser pulses in nitrogen molecular gas,” Appl. Phys. B 73, 287–290 (2001).
    [CrossRef]
  21. S. Tzortzakis, M. A. Franco, Y. B. André, A. Chiron, B. Lamouroux, B. S. Prade, A. Mysyrowicz, “Formation of a conducting channel in air by self-guided femtosecond laser pulses,” Phys. Rev. E 60, R3505–R3507 (1999).
    [CrossRef]
  22. A. Brodeur, C. Y. Chien, F. A. Ilkov, S. L. Chin, O. G. Kosareva, V. P. Kandidov, “Moving focus in the propagation of ultrashort laser pulses in air,” Opt. Lett. 22, 304–306 (1997).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]

2003 (1)

A. Iwasaki, N. Aközbek, B. Ferland, Q. Luo, G. Roy, C. M. Bowden, S. L. Chin, “A LIDAR technique to measure the filament length generated by a high-peak power femtosecond laser pulse in air,” Appl. Phys. B 76, 231–236 (2003).
[CrossRef]

2002 (3)

2001 (3)

S. Tzortzakis, L. Bergé, A. Couairon, M. Franco, B. Prade, A. Mysyrowicz, “Breakup and fusion of self-guided femtosecond light pulses in air,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 86, 5470–5473 (2001).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

A. Becker, N. Aközbek, K. Vijayalakshmi, E. Oral, C. M. Bowden, S. L. Chin, “Intensity clamping and re-focusing of intense femtosecond laser pulses in nitrogen molecular gas,” Appl. Phys. B 73, 287–290 (2001).
[CrossRef]

J. Yu, D. Mondelain, G. Ange, R. Volk, S. Niedermeier, J.-P. Wolf, J. Kasparian, R. Sauerbrey, “Backward supercontinuum emission from filaments generated by ultrashort laser pulses in air,” Opt. Lett. 26, 533–535 (2001).
[CrossRef]

2000 (6)

F. Vidal, D. Comtois, C. Y. Chien, A. Desparois, B. La Fontaine, T. W. Johnston, J. C. Kieffer, H. P. Mercure, H. Pépin, F. A. Rizik, “Modeling the triggering of streamers in air by ultrashort laser pulses,” IEEE Trans. Plasma Sci. 28, 418–433 (2000).
[CrossRef]

J. Kasparian, R. Sauerbrey, S. L. Chin, “The critical laser intensity of self-guided light filaments in air,” Appl. Phys. B 71, 877–879 (2000).
[CrossRef]

S. Tzortzakis, B. Prade, M. Franco, A. Mysyrowicz, “Time-evolution of the plasma channel at the trail of a self-guided IR femtosecond laser pulse in air,” Opt. Commun. 181, 123–127 (2000).
[CrossRef]

P. Rairoux, H. Schillinger, S. Niedermeier, M. Rodriguez, F. Ronneberger, R. Sauerbrey, B. Stein, D. Waite, C. Wedekind, H. Wille, L. Wöste, “Remote sensing of the atmosphere using ultrashort laser pulses,” Appl. Phys. B 71, 573–580 (2000).
[CrossRef]

B. La Fontaine, D. Comptois, C. Y. Chien, A. Desparois, F. Gérin, G. Jarry, T. W. Johnston, J. C. Kieffer, F. Martin, R. Mawassi, H. Pépin, F. A. M. Rizk, F. Vidal, C. Potvin, P. Couture, H. P. Mercure, “Guiding large-scale spark discharges with ultrashort pulse laser filaments,” J. Appl. Phys. 88, 610–615 (2000).
[CrossRef]

A. Proulx, A. Talebpour, S. Petit, S. L. Chin, “Fast pulsed electrical field created from the self-generated filament of a femtosecond Ti:sapphire laser pulse in air,” Opt. Commun. 174, 305–309 (2000).
[CrossRef]

1999 (3)

A. Talebpour, S. Petit, S. L. Chin, “Re-focusing during the propagation of a focused femtosecond Ti:sapphire laser pulse in air,” Opt. Commun. 171, 285–290 (1999).
[CrossRef]

H. Schillinger, R. Sauerbrey, “Electrical conductivity of long plasma channels in air generated by self-guided femtosecond laser pulses,” Appl. Phys. B 68, 753–756 (1999).
[CrossRef]

S. Tzortzakis, M. A. Franco, Y. B. André, A. Chiron, B. Lamouroux, B. S. Prade, A. Mysyrowicz, “Formation of a conducting channel in air by self-guided femtosecond laser pulses,” Phys. Rev. E 60, R3505–R3507 (1999).
[CrossRef]

1997 (1)

1995 (1)

1993 (1)

V. E. Gusev, “Estimate of parameters for shock waves excited by femtosecond laser pulses,” Bull. Acad. Sci. USSR Phys. Ser. 57, 1–10 (1993).

1991 (1)

G. N. Gibson, R. R. Freeman, “Dynamics of the high-intensity multiphoton ionization of N2,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 67, 1230–1233 (1991).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

1982 (1)

S. L. Chin, D. K. Evans, R. D. McAlpine, W. N. Selander, “Single-pulse photoacoustic technique for measuring IR multiphoton absorption by polyatomic molecules,” Appl. Phys. 21, 65–68 (1982).

Aközbek, N.

A. Iwasaki, N. Aközbek, B. Ferland, Q. Luo, G. Roy, C. M. Bowden, S. L. Chin, “A LIDAR technique to measure the filament length generated by a high-peak power femtosecond laser pulse in air,” Appl. Phys. B 76, 231–236 (2003).
[CrossRef]

A. Becker, N. Aközbek, K. Vijayalakshmi, E. Oral, C. M. Bowden, S. L. Chin, “Intensity clamping and re-focusing of intense femtosecond laser pulses in nitrogen molecular gas,” Appl. Phys. B 73, 287–290 (2001).
[CrossRef]

André, Y. B.

S. Tzortzakis, M. A. Franco, Y. B. André, A. Chiron, B. Lamouroux, B. S. Prade, A. Mysyrowicz, “Formation of a conducting channel in air by self-guided femtosecond laser pulses,” Phys. Rev. E 60, R3505–R3507 (1999).
[CrossRef]

André, Y.-B.

Ange, G.

Beaudin, G.

Becker, A.

A. Becker, N. Aközbek, K. Vijayalakshmi, E. Oral, C. M. Bowden, S. L. Chin, “Intensity clamping and re-focusing of intense femtosecond laser pulses in nitrogen molecular gas,” Appl. Phys. B 73, 287–290 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Bergé, L.

S. Tzortzakis, L. Bergé, A. Couairon, M. Franco, B. Prade, A. Mysyrowicz, “Breakup and fusion of self-guided femtosecond light pulses in air,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 86, 5470–5473 (2001).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Bowden, C. M.

A. Iwasaki, N. Aközbek, B. Ferland, Q. Luo, G. Roy, C. M. Bowden, S. L. Chin, “A LIDAR technique to measure the filament length generated by a high-peak power femtosecond laser pulse in air,” Appl. Phys. B 76, 231–236 (2003).
[CrossRef]

A. Becker, N. Aközbek, K. Vijayalakshmi, E. Oral, C. M. Bowden, S. L. Chin, “Intensity clamping and re-focusing of intense femtosecond laser pulses in nitrogen molecular gas,” Appl. Phys. B 73, 287–290 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Braun, A.

Brodeur, A.

Chien, C. Y.

F. Vidal, D. Comtois, C. Y. Chien, A. Desparois, B. La Fontaine, T. W. Johnston, J. C. Kieffer, H. P. Mercure, H. Pépin, F. A. Rizik, “Modeling the triggering of streamers in air by ultrashort laser pulses,” IEEE Trans. Plasma Sci. 28, 418–433 (2000).
[CrossRef]

B. La Fontaine, D. Comptois, C. Y. Chien, A. Desparois, F. Gérin, G. Jarry, T. W. Johnston, J. C. Kieffer, F. Martin, R. Mawassi, H. Pépin, F. A. M. Rizk, F. Vidal, C. Potvin, P. Couture, H. P. Mercure, “Guiding large-scale spark discharges with ultrashort pulse laser filaments,” J. Appl. Phys. 88, 610–615 (2000).
[CrossRef]

A. Brodeur, C. Y. Chien, F. A. Ilkov, S. L. Chin, O. G. Kosareva, V. P. Kandidov, “Moving focus in the propagation of ultrashort laser pulses in air,” Opt. Lett. 22, 304–306 (1997).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Chin, S. L.

A. Iwasaki, N. Aközbek, B. Ferland, Q. Luo, G. Roy, C. M. Bowden, S. L. Chin, “A LIDAR technique to measure the filament length generated by a high-peak power femtosecond laser pulse in air,” Appl. Phys. B 76, 231–236 (2003).
[CrossRef]

A. Becker, N. Aközbek, K. Vijayalakshmi, E. Oral, C. M. Bowden, S. L. Chin, “Intensity clamping and re-focusing of intense femtosecond laser pulses in nitrogen molecular gas,” Appl. Phys. B 73, 287–290 (2001).
[CrossRef]

J. Kasparian, R. Sauerbrey, S. L. Chin, “The critical laser intensity of self-guided light filaments in air,” Appl. Phys. B 71, 877–879 (2000).
[CrossRef]

A. Proulx, A. Talebpour, S. Petit, S. L. Chin, “Fast pulsed electrical field created from the self-generated filament of a femtosecond Ti:sapphire laser pulse in air,” Opt. Commun. 174, 305–309 (2000).
[CrossRef]

A. Talebpour, S. Petit, S. L. Chin, “Re-focusing during the propagation of a focused femtosecond Ti:sapphire laser pulse in air,” Opt. Commun. 171, 285–290 (1999).
[CrossRef]

A. Brodeur, C. Y. Chien, F. A. Ilkov, S. L. Chin, O. G. Kosareva, V. P. Kandidov, “Moving focus in the propagation of ultrashort laser pulses in air,” Opt. Lett. 22, 304–306 (1997).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

S. L. Chin, D. K. Evans, R. D. McAlpine, W. N. Selander, “Single-pulse photoacoustic technique for measuring IR multiphoton absorption by polyatomic molecules,” Appl. Phys. 21, 65–68 (1982).

Chiron, A.

S. Tzortzakis, M. A. Franco, Y. B. André, A. Chiron, B. Lamouroux, B. S. Prade, A. Mysyrowicz, “Formation of a conducting channel in air by self-guided femtosecond laser pulses,” Phys. Rev. E 60, R3505–R3507 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Comptois, D.

B. La Fontaine, D. Comptois, C. Y. Chien, A. Desparois, F. Gérin, G. Jarry, T. W. Johnston, J. C. Kieffer, F. Martin, R. Mawassi, H. Pépin, F. A. M. Rizk, F. Vidal, C. Potvin, P. Couture, H. P. Mercure, “Guiding large-scale spark discharges with ultrashort pulse laser filaments,” J. Appl. Phys. 88, 610–615 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Comtois, D.

F. Vidal, D. Comtois, C. Y. Chien, A. Desparois, B. La Fontaine, T. W. Johnston, J. C. Kieffer, H. P. Mercure, H. Pépin, F. A. Rizik, “Modeling the triggering of streamers in air by ultrashort laser pulses,” IEEE Trans. Plasma Sci. 28, 418–433 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Couairon, A.

S. Tzortzakis, L. Bergé, A. Couairon, M. Franco, B. Prade, A. Mysyrowicz, “Breakup and fusion of self-guided femtosecond light pulses in air,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 86, 5470–5473 (2001).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Couture, P.

B. La Fontaine, D. Comptois, C. Y. Chien, A. Desparois, F. Gérin, G. Jarry, T. W. Johnston, J. C. Kieffer, F. Martin, R. Mawassi, H. Pépin, F. A. M. Rizk, F. Vidal, C. Potvin, P. Couture, H. P. Mercure, “Guiding large-scale spark discharges with ultrashort pulse laser filaments,” J. Appl. Phys. 88, 610–615 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Desparois, A.

B. La Fontaine, D. Comptois, C. Y. Chien, A. Desparois, F. Gérin, G. Jarry, T. W. Johnston, J. C. Kieffer, F. Martin, R. Mawassi, H. Pépin, F. A. M. Rizk, F. Vidal, C. Potvin, P. Couture, H. P. Mercure, “Guiding large-scale spark discharges with ultrashort pulse laser filaments,” J. Appl. Phys. 88, 610–615 (2000).
[CrossRef]

F. Vidal, D. Comtois, C. Y. Chien, A. Desparois, B. La Fontaine, T. W. Johnston, J. C. Kieffer, H. P. Mercure, H. Pépin, F. A. Rizik, “Modeling the triggering of streamers in air by ultrashort laser pulses,” IEEE Trans. Plasma Sci. 28, 418–433 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Du, D.

Encrenaz, P.

Evans, D. K.

S. L. Chin, D. K. Evans, R. D. McAlpine, W. N. Selander, “Single-pulse photoacoustic technique for measuring IR multiphoton absorption by polyatomic molecules,” Appl. Phys. 21, 65–68 (1982).

Ferland, B.

A. Iwasaki, N. Aközbek, B. Ferland, Q. Luo, G. Roy, C. M. Bowden, S. L. Chin, “A LIDAR technique to measure the filament length generated by a high-peak power femtosecond laser pulse in air,” Appl. Phys. B 76, 231–236 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Franco, M.

S. Tzortzakis, G. Méchain, G. Patalano, Y.-B. André, B. Prade, M. Franco, A. Mysyrowicz, J.-M. Munier, M. Gheudin, G. Beaudin, P. Encrenaz, “Coherent subterahertz radiation from femtosecond infrared filaments in air,” Opt. Lett. 27, 1944–1946 (2002).
[CrossRef]

S. Tzortzakis, L. Bergé, A. Couairon, M. Franco, B. Prade, A. Mysyrowicz, “Breakup and fusion of self-guided femtosecond light pulses in air,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 86, 5470–5473 (2001).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

S. Tzortzakis, B. Prade, M. Franco, A. Mysyrowicz, “Time-evolution of the plasma channel at the trail of a self-guided IR femtosecond laser pulse in air,” Opt. Commun. 181, 123–127 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Franco, M. A.

S. Tzortzakis, M. A. Franco, Y. B. André, A. Chiron, B. Lamouroux, B. S. Prade, A. Mysyrowicz, “Formation of a conducting channel in air by self-guided femtosecond laser pulses,” Phys. Rev. E 60, R3505–R3507 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Freeman, R. R.

G. N. Gibson, R. R. Freeman, “Dynamics of the high-intensity multiphoton ionization of N2,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 67, 1230–1233 (1991).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Fujii, T.

Gérin, F.

B. La Fontaine, D. Comptois, C. Y. Chien, A. Desparois, F. Gérin, G. Jarry, T. W. Johnston, J. C. Kieffer, F. Martin, R. Mawassi, H. Pépin, F. A. M. Rizk, F. Vidal, C. Potvin, P. Couture, H. P. Mercure, “Guiding large-scale spark discharges with ultrashort pulse laser filaments,” J. Appl. Phys. 88, 610–615 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Gheudin, M.

Gibson, G. N.

G. N. Gibson, R. R. Freeman, “Dynamics of the high-intensity multiphoton ionization of N2,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 67, 1230–1233 (1991).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Gusev, V. E.

V. E. Gusev, “Estimate of parameters for shock waves excited by femtosecond laser pulses,” Bull. Acad. Sci. USSR Phys. Ser. 57, 1–10 (1993).

Ilkov, F. A.

Iwasaki, A.

A. Iwasaki, N. Aközbek, B. Ferland, Q. Luo, G. Roy, C. M. Bowden, S. L. Chin, “A LIDAR technique to measure the filament length generated by a high-peak power femtosecond laser pulse in air,” Appl. Phys. B 76, 231–236 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Jarry, G.

B. La Fontaine, D. Comptois, C. Y. Chien, A. Desparois, F. Gérin, G. Jarry, T. W. Johnston, J. C. Kieffer, F. Martin, R. Mawassi, H. Pépin, F. A. M. Rizk, F. Vidal, C. Potvin, P. Couture, H. P. Mercure, “Guiding large-scale spark discharges with ultrashort pulse laser filaments,” J. Appl. Phys. 88, 610–615 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Johnston, T. W.

B. La Fontaine, D. Comptois, C. Y. Chien, A. Desparois, F. Gérin, G. Jarry, T. W. Johnston, J. C. Kieffer, F. Martin, R. Mawassi, H. Pépin, F. A. M. Rizk, F. Vidal, C. Potvin, P. Couture, H. P. Mercure, “Guiding large-scale spark discharges with ultrashort pulse laser filaments,” J. Appl. Phys. 88, 610–615 (2000).
[CrossRef]

F. Vidal, D. Comtois, C. Y. Chien, A. Desparois, B. La Fontaine, T. W. Johnston, J. C. Kieffer, H. P. Mercure, H. Pépin, F. A. Rizik, “Modeling the triggering of streamers in air by ultrashort laser pulses,” IEEE Trans. Plasma Sci. 28, 418–433 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Kalkner, W.

Kandidov, V. P.

Kasparian, J.

M. Rodriguez, R. Sauerbrey, H. Wille, L. Wöste, T. Fujii, Y.-B. André, A. Mysyrowicz, L. Klingbeil, K. Rethmeier, W. Kalkner, J. Kasparian, E. Salmon, J. Yu, J.-P. Wolf, “Triggering and guiding megavolt discharges by use of laser-induced ionized filaments,” Opt. Lett. 27, 772–774 (2002).
[CrossRef]

H. Wille, M. Rodriguez, J. Kasparian, D. Mondelain, J. Yu, A. Mysyrowicz, R. Sauerbrey, J.-P. Wolf, L. Wöste, “Teramobile: a mobile femtosecond-terawatt laser and detection system,” Eur. Phys. J. A 20, 183–190 (2002).
[CrossRef]

J. Yu, D. Mondelain, G. Ange, R. Volk, S. Niedermeier, J.-P. Wolf, J. Kasparian, R. Sauerbrey, “Backward supercontinuum emission from filaments generated by ultrashort laser pulses in air,” Opt. Lett. 26, 533–535 (2001).
[CrossRef]

J. Kasparian, R. Sauerbrey, S. L. Chin, “The critical laser intensity of self-guided light filaments in air,” Appl. Phys. B 71, 877–879 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Kieffer, J. C.

F. Vidal, D. Comtois, C. Y. Chien, A. Desparois, B. La Fontaine, T. W. Johnston, J. C. Kieffer, H. P. Mercure, H. Pépin, F. A. Rizik, “Modeling the triggering of streamers in air by ultrashort laser pulses,” IEEE Trans. Plasma Sci. 28, 418–433 (2000).
[CrossRef]

B. La Fontaine, D. Comptois, C. Y. Chien, A. Desparois, F. Gérin, G. Jarry, T. W. Johnston, J. C. Kieffer, F. Martin, R. Mawassi, H. Pépin, F. A. M. Rizk, F. Vidal, C. Potvin, P. Couture, H. P. Mercure, “Guiding large-scale spark discharges with ultrashort pulse laser filaments,” J. Appl. Phys. 88, 610–615 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Klingbeil, L.

Korn, G.

Kosareva, O. G.

La Fontaine, B.

B. La Fontaine, D. Comptois, C. Y. Chien, A. Desparois, F. Gérin, G. Jarry, T. W. Johnston, J. C. Kieffer, F. Martin, R. Mawassi, H. Pépin, F. A. M. Rizk, F. Vidal, C. Potvin, P. Couture, H. P. Mercure, “Guiding large-scale spark discharges with ultrashort pulse laser filaments,” J. Appl. Phys. 88, 610–615 (2000).
[CrossRef]

F. Vidal, D. Comtois, C. Y. Chien, A. Desparois, B. La Fontaine, T. W. Johnston, J. C. Kieffer, H. P. Mercure, H. Pépin, F. A. Rizik, “Modeling the triggering of streamers in air by ultrashort laser pulses,” IEEE Trans. Plasma Sci. 28, 418–433 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Lamouroux, B.

S. Tzortzakis, M. A. Franco, Y. B. André, A. Chiron, B. Lamouroux, B. S. Prade, A. Mysyrowicz, “Formation of a conducting channel in air by self-guided femtosecond laser pulses,” Phys. Rev. E 60, R3505–R3507 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Liu, X.

Luo, Q.

A. Iwasaki, N. Aközbek, B. Ferland, Q. Luo, G. Roy, C. M. Bowden, S. L. Chin, “A LIDAR technique to measure the filament length generated by a high-peak power femtosecond laser pulse in air,” Appl. Phys. B 76, 231–236 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Martin, F.

B. La Fontaine, D. Comptois, C. Y. Chien, A. Desparois, F. Gérin, G. Jarry, T. W. Johnston, J. C. Kieffer, F. Martin, R. Mawassi, H. Pépin, F. A. M. Rizk, F. Vidal, C. Potvin, P. Couture, H. P. Mercure, “Guiding large-scale spark discharges with ultrashort pulse laser filaments,” J. Appl. Phys. 88, 610–615 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Mawassi, R.

B. La Fontaine, D. Comptois, C. Y. Chien, A. Desparois, F. Gérin, G. Jarry, T. W. Johnston, J. C. Kieffer, F. Martin, R. Mawassi, H. Pépin, F. A. M. Rizk, F. Vidal, C. Potvin, P. Couture, H. P. Mercure, “Guiding large-scale spark discharges with ultrashort pulse laser filaments,” J. Appl. Phys. 88, 610–615 (2000).
[CrossRef]

McAlpine, R. D.

S. L. Chin, D. K. Evans, R. D. McAlpine, W. N. Selander, “Single-pulse photoacoustic technique for measuring IR multiphoton absorption by polyatomic molecules,” Appl. Phys. 21, 65–68 (1982).

Méchain, G.

Mercure, H. P.

F. Vidal, D. Comtois, C. Y. Chien, A. Desparois, B. La Fontaine, T. W. Johnston, J. C. Kieffer, H. P. Mercure, H. Pépin, F. A. Rizik, “Modeling the triggering of streamers in air by ultrashort laser pulses,” IEEE Trans. Plasma Sci. 28, 418–433 (2000).
[CrossRef]

B. La Fontaine, D. Comptois, C. Y. Chien, A. Desparois, F. Gérin, G. Jarry, T. W. Johnston, J. C. Kieffer, F. Martin, R. Mawassi, H. Pépin, F. A. M. Rizk, F. Vidal, C. Potvin, P. Couture, H. P. Mercure, “Guiding large-scale spark discharges with ultrashort pulse laser filaments,” J. Appl. Phys. 88, 610–615 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Mondelain, D.

H. Wille, M. Rodriguez, J. Kasparian, D. Mondelain, J. Yu, A. Mysyrowicz, R. Sauerbrey, J.-P. Wolf, L. Wöste, “Teramobile: a mobile femtosecond-terawatt laser and detection system,” Eur. Phys. J. A 20, 183–190 (2002).
[CrossRef]

J. Yu, D. Mondelain, G. Ange, R. Volk, S. Niedermeier, J.-P. Wolf, J. Kasparian, R. Sauerbrey, “Backward supercontinuum emission from filaments generated by ultrashort laser pulses in air,” Opt. Lett. 26, 533–535 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Mourou, G.

Munier, J.-M.

Mysyrowicz, A.

S. Tzortzakis, G. Méchain, G. Patalano, Y.-B. André, B. Prade, M. Franco, A. Mysyrowicz, J.-M. Munier, M. Gheudin, G. Beaudin, P. Encrenaz, “Coherent subterahertz radiation from femtosecond infrared filaments in air,” Opt. Lett. 27, 1944–1946 (2002).
[CrossRef]

M. Rodriguez, R. Sauerbrey, H. Wille, L. Wöste, T. Fujii, Y.-B. André, A. Mysyrowicz, L. Klingbeil, K. Rethmeier, W. Kalkner, J. Kasparian, E. Salmon, J. Yu, J.-P. Wolf, “Triggering and guiding megavolt discharges by use of laser-induced ionized filaments,” Opt. Lett. 27, 772–774 (2002).
[CrossRef]

H. Wille, M. Rodriguez, J. Kasparian, D. Mondelain, J. Yu, A. Mysyrowicz, R. Sauerbrey, J.-P. Wolf, L. Wöste, “Teramobile: a mobile femtosecond-terawatt laser and detection system,” Eur. Phys. J. A 20, 183–190 (2002).
[CrossRef]

S. Tzortzakis, L. Bergé, A. Couairon, M. Franco, B. Prade, A. Mysyrowicz, “Breakup and fusion of self-guided femtosecond light pulses in air,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 86, 5470–5473 (2001).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

S. Tzortzakis, B. Prade, M. Franco, A. Mysyrowicz, “Time-evolution of the plasma channel at the trail of a self-guided IR femtosecond laser pulse in air,” Opt. Commun. 181, 123–127 (2000).
[CrossRef]

S. Tzortzakis, M. A. Franco, Y. B. André, A. Chiron, B. Lamouroux, B. S. Prade, A. Mysyrowicz, “Formation of a conducting channel in air by self-guided femtosecond laser pulses,” Phys. Rev. E 60, R3505–R3507 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Niedermeier, S.

J. Yu, D. Mondelain, G. Ange, R. Volk, S. Niedermeier, J.-P. Wolf, J. Kasparian, R. Sauerbrey, “Backward supercontinuum emission from filaments generated by ultrashort laser pulses in air,” Opt. Lett. 26, 533–535 (2001).
[CrossRef]

P. Rairoux, H. Schillinger, S. Niedermeier, M. Rodriguez, F. Ronneberger, R. Sauerbrey, B. Stein, D. Waite, C. Wedekind, H. Wille, L. Wöste, “Remote sensing of the atmosphere using ultrashort laser pulses,” Appl. Phys. B 71, 573–580 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Oral, E.

A. Becker, N. Aközbek, K. Vijayalakshmi, E. Oral, C. M. Bowden, S. L. Chin, “Intensity clamping and re-focusing of intense femtosecond laser pulses in nitrogen molecular gas,” Appl. Phys. B 73, 287–290 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Patalano, G.

Pépin, H.

F. Vidal, D. Comtois, C. Y. Chien, A. Desparois, B. La Fontaine, T. W. Johnston, J. C. Kieffer, H. P. Mercure, H. Pépin, F. A. Rizik, “Modeling the triggering of streamers in air by ultrashort laser pulses,” IEEE Trans. Plasma Sci. 28, 418–433 (2000).
[CrossRef]

B. La Fontaine, D. Comptois, C. Y. Chien, A. Desparois, F. Gérin, G. Jarry, T. W. Johnston, J. C. Kieffer, F. Martin, R. Mawassi, H. Pépin, F. A. M. Rizk, F. Vidal, C. Potvin, P. Couture, H. P. Mercure, “Guiding large-scale spark discharges with ultrashort pulse laser filaments,” J. Appl. Phys. 88, 610–615 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Petit, S.

A. Proulx, A. Talebpour, S. Petit, S. L. Chin, “Fast pulsed electrical field created from the self-generated filament of a femtosecond Ti:sapphire laser pulse in air,” Opt. Commun. 174, 305–309 (2000).
[CrossRef]

A. Talebpour, S. Petit, S. L. Chin, “Re-focusing during the propagation of a focused femtosecond Ti:sapphire laser pulse in air,” Opt. Commun. 171, 285–290 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Potvin, C.

B. La Fontaine, D. Comptois, C. Y. Chien, A. Desparois, F. Gérin, G. Jarry, T. W. Johnston, J. C. Kieffer, F. Martin, R. Mawassi, H. Pépin, F. A. M. Rizk, F. Vidal, C. Potvin, P. Couture, H. P. Mercure, “Guiding large-scale spark discharges with ultrashort pulse laser filaments,” J. Appl. Phys. 88, 610–615 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Prade, B.

S. Tzortzakis, G. Méchain, G. Patalano, Y.-B. André, B. Prade, M. Franco, A. Mysyrowicz, J.-M. Munier, M. Gheudin, G. Beaudin, P. Encrenaz, “Coherent subterahertz radiation from femtosecond infrared filaments in air,” Opt. Lett. 27, 1944–1946 (2002).
[CrossRef]

S. Tzortzakis, L. Bergé, A. Couairon, M. Franco, B. Prade, A. Mysyrowicz, “Breakup and fusion of self-guided femtosecond light pulses in air,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 86, 5470–5473 (2001).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

S. Tzortzakis, B. Prade, M. Franco, A. Mysyrowicz, “Time-evolution of the plasma channel at the trail of a self-guided IR femtosecond laser pulse in air,” Opt. Commun. 181, 123–127 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Prade, B. S.

S. Tzortzakis, M. A. Franco, Y. B. André, A. Chiron, B. Lamouroux, B. S. Prade, A. Mysyrowicz, “Formation of a conducting channel in air by self-guided femtosecond laser pulses,” Phys. Rev. E 60, R3505–R3507 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Proulx, A.

A. Proulx, A. Talebpour, S. Petit, S. L. Chin, “Fast pulsed electrical field created from the self-generated filament of a femtosecond Ti:sapphire laser pulse in air,” Opt. Commun. 174, 305–309 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Rairoux, P.

P. Rairoux, H. Schillinger, S. Niedermeier, M. Rodriguez, F. Ronneberger, R. Sauerbrey, B. Stein, D. Waite, C. Wedekind, H. Wille, L. Wöste, “Remote sensing of the atmosphere using ultrashort laser pulses,” Appl. Phys. B 71, 573–580 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Rethmeier, K.

Rizik, F. A.

F. Vidal, D. Comtois, C. Y. Chien, A. Desparois, B. La Fontaine, T. W. Johnston, J. C. Kieffer, H. P. Mercure, H. Pépin, F. A. Rizik, “Modeling the triggering of streamers in air by ultrashort laser pulses,” IEEE Trans. Plasma Sci. 28, 418–433 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Rizk, F. A. M.

B. La Fontaine, D. Comptois, C. Y. Chien, A. Desparois, F. Gérin, G. Jarry, T. W. Johnston, J. C. Kieffer, F. Martin, R. Mawassi, H. Pépin, F. A. M. Rizk, F. Vidal, C. Potvin, P. Couture, H. P. Mercure, “Guiding large-scale spark discharges with ultrashort pulse laser filaments,” J. Appl. Phys. 88, 610–615 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Rodriguez, M.

H. Wille, M. Rodriguez, J. Kasparian, D. Mondelain, J. Yu, A. Mysyrowicz, R. Sauerbrey, J.-P. Wolf, L. Wöste, “Teramobile: a mobile femtosecond-terawatt laser and detection system,” Eur. Phys. J. A 20, 183–190 (2002).
[CrossRef]

M. Rodriguez, R. Sauerbrey, H. Wille, L. Wöste, T. Fujii, Y.-B. André, A. Mysyrowicz, L. Klingbeil, K. Rethmeier, W. Kalkner, J. Kasparian, E. Salmon, J. Yu, J.-P. Wolf, “Triggering and guiding megavolt discharges by use of laser-induced ionized filaments,” Opt. Lett. 27, 772–774 (2002).
[CrossRef]

P. Rairoux, H. Schillinger, S. Niedermeier, M. Rodriguez, F. Ronneberger, R. Sauerbrey, B. Stein, D. Waite, C. Wedekind, H. Wille, L. Wöste, “Remote sensing of the atmosphere using ultrashort laser pulses,” Appl. Phys. B 71, 573–580 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Ronneberger, F.

P. Rairoux, H. Schillinger, S. Niedermeier, M. Rodriguez, F. Ronneberger, R. Sauerbrey, B. Stein, D. Waite, C. Wedekind, H. Wille, L. Wöste, “Remote sensing of the atmosphere using ultrashort laser pulses,” Appl. Phys. B 71, 573–580 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Roy, G.

A. Iwasaki, N. Aközbek, B. Ferland, Q. Luo, G. Roy, C. M. Bowden, S. L. Chin, “A LIDAR technique to measure the filament length generated by a high-peak power femtosecond laser pulse in air,” Appl. Phys. B 76, 231–236 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Salmon, E.

Sauerbrey, R.

M. Rodriguez, R. Sauerbrey, H. Wille, L. Wöste, T. Fujii, Y.-B. André, A. Mysyrowicz, L. Klingbeil, K. Rethmeier, W. Kalkner, J. Kasparian, E. Salmon, J. Yu, J.-P. Wolf, “Triggering and guiding megavolt discharges by use of laser-induced ionized filaments,” Opt. Lett. 27, 772–774 (2002).
[CrossRef]

H. Wille, M. Rodriguez, J. Kasparian, D. Mondelain, J. Yu, A. Mysyrowicz, R. Sauerbrey, J.-P. Wolf, L. Wöste, “Teramobile: a mobile femtosecond-terawatt laser and detection system,” Eur. Phys. J. A 20, 183–190 (2002).
[CrossRef]

J. Yu, D. Mondelain, G. Ange, R. Volk, S. Niedermeier, J.-P. Wolf, J. Kasparian, R. Sauerbrey, “Backward supercontinuum emission from filaments generated by ultrashort laser pulses in air,” Opt. Lett. 26, 533–535 (2001).
[CrossRef]

P. Rairoux, H. Schillinger, S. Niedermeier, M. Rodriguez, F. Ronneberger, R. Sauerbrey, B. Stein, D. Waite, C. Wedekind, H. Wille, L. Wöste, “Remote sensing of the atmosphere using ultrashort laser pulses,” Appl. Phys. B 71, 573–580 (2000).
[CrossRef]

J. Kasparian, R. Sauerbrey, S. L. Chin, “The critical laser intensity of self-guided light filaments in air,” Appl. Phys. B 71, 877–879 (2000).
[CrossRef]

H. Schillinger, R. Sauerbrey, “Electrical conductivity of long plasma channels in air generated by self-guided femtosecond laser pulses,” Appl. Phys. B 68, 753–756 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Schillinger, H.

P. Rairoux, H. Schillinger, S. Niedermeier, M. Rodriguez, F. Ronneberger, R. Sauerbrey, B. Stein, D. Waite, C. Wedekind, H. Wille, L. Wöste, “Remote sensing of the atmosphere using ultrashort laser pulses,” Appl. Phys. B 71, 573–580 (2000).
[CrossRef]

H. Schillinger, R. Sauerbrey, “Electrical conductivity of long plasma channels in air generated by self-guided femtosecond laser pulses,” Appl. Phys. B 68, 753–756 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Selander, W. N.

S. L. Chin, D. K. Evans, R. D. McAlpine, W. N. Selander, “Single-pulse photoacoustic technique for measuring IR multiphoton absorption by polyatomic molecules,” Appl. Phys. 21, 65–68 (1982).

Squier, J.

Stein, B.

P. Rairoux, H. Schillinger, S. Niedermeier, M. Rodriguez, F. Ronneberger, R. Sauerbrey, B. Stein, D. Waite, C. Wedekind, H. Wille, L. Wöste, “Remote sensing of the atmosphere using ultrashort laser pulses,” Appl. Phys. B 71, 573–580 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Talebpour, A.

A. Proulx, A. Talebpour, S. Petit, S. L. Chin, “Fast pulsed electrical field created from the self-generated filament of a femtosecond Ti:sapphire laser pulse in air,” Opt. Commun. 174, 305–309 (2000).
[CrossRef]

A. Talebpour, S. Petit, S. L. Chin, “Re-focusing during the propagation of a focused femtosecond Ti:sapphire laser pulse in air,” Opt. Commun. 171, 285–290 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Tzortzakis, S.

S. Tzortzakis, G. Méchain, G. Patalano, Y.-B. André, B. Prade, M. Franco, A. Mysyrowicz, J.-M. Munier, M. Gheudin, G. Beaudin, P. Encrenaz, “Coherent subterahertz radiation from femtosecond infrared filaments in air,” Opt. Lett. 27, 1944–1946 (2002).
[CrossRef]

S. Tzortzakis, L. Bergé, A. Couairon, M. Franco, B. Prade, A. Mysyrowicz, “Breakup and fusion of self-guided femtosecond light pulses in air,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 86, 5470–5473 (2001).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

S. Tzortzakis, B. Prade, M. Franco, A. Mysyrowicz, “Time-evolution of the plasma channel at the trail of a self-guided IR femtosecond laser pulse in air,” Opt. Commun. 181, 123–127 (2000).
[CrossRef]

S. Tzortzakis, M. A. Franco, Y. B. André, A. Chiron, B. Lamouroux, B. S. Prade, A. Mysyrowicz, “Formation of a conducting channel in air by self-guided femtosecond laser pulses,” Phys. Rev. E 60, R3505–R3507 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Vidal, F.

F. Vidal, D. Comtois, C. Y. Chien, A. Desparois, B. La Fontaine, T. W. Johnston, J. C. Kieffer, H. P. Mercure, H. Pépin, F. A. Rizik, “Modeling the triggering of streamers in air by ultrashort laser pulses,” IEEE Trans. Plasma Sci. 28, 418–433 (2000).
[CrossRef]

B. La Fontaine, D. Comptois, C. Y. Chien, A. Desparois, F. Gérin, G. Jarry, T. W. Johnston, J. C. Kieffer, F. Martin, R. Mawassi, H. Pépin, F. A. M. Rizk, F. Vidal, C. Potvin, P. Couture, H. P. Mercure, “Guiding large-scale spark discharges with ultrashort pulse laser filaments,” J. Appl. Phys. 88, 610–615 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Vijayalakshmi, K.

A. Becker, N. Aközbek, K. Vijayalakshmi, E. Oral, C. M. Bowden, S. L. Chin, “Intensity clamping and re-focusing of intense femtosecond laser pulses in nitrogen molecular gas,” Appl. Phys. B 73, 287–290 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Volk, R.

Waite, D.

P. Rairoux, H. Schillinger, S. Niedermeier, M. Rodriguez, F. Ronneberger, R. Sauerbrey, B. Stein, D. Waite, C. Wedekind, H. Wille, L. Wöste, “Remote sensing of the atmosphere using ultrashort laser pulses,” Appl. Phys. B 71, 573–580 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Wedekind, C.

P. Rairoux, H. Schillinger, S. Niedermeier, M. Rodriguez, F. Ronneberger, R. Sauerbrey, B. Stein, D. Waite, C. Wedekind, H. Wille, L. Wöste, “Remote sensing of the atmosphere using ultrashort laser pulses,” Appl. Phys. B 71, 573–580 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Wille, H.

H. Wille, M. Rodriguez, J. Kasparian, D. Mondelain, J. Yu, A. Mysyrowicz, R. Sauerbrey, J.-P. Wolf, L. Wöste, “Teramobile: a mobile femtosecond-terawatt laser and detection system,” Eur. Phys. J. A 20, 183–190 (2002).
[CrossRef]

M. Rodriguez, R. Sauerbrey, H. Wille, L. Wöste, T. Fujii, Y.-B. André, A. Mysyrowicz, L. Klingbeil, K. Rethmeier, W. Kalkner, J. Kasparian, E. Salmon, J. Yu, J.-P. Wolf, “Triggering and guiding megavolt discharges by use of laser-induced ionized filaments,” Opt. Lett. 27, 772–774 (2002).
[CrossRef]

P. Rairoux, H. Schillinger, S. Niedermeier, M. Rodriguez, F. Ronneberger, R. Sauerbrey, B. Stein, D. Waite, C. Wedekind, H. Wille, L. Wöste, “Remote sensing of the atmosphere using ultrashort laser pulses,” Appl. Phys. B 71, 573–580 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Wolf, J.-P.

Wöste, L.

M. Rodriguez, R. Sauerbrey, H. Wille, L. Wöste, T. Fujii, Y.-B. André, A. Mysyrowicz, L. Klingbeil, K. Rethmeier, W. Kalkner, J. Kasparian, E. Salmon, J. Yu, J.-P. Wolf, “Triggering and guiding megavolt discharges by use of laser-induced ionized filaments,” Opt. Lett. 27, 772–774 (2002).
[CrossRef]

H. Wille, M. Rodriguez, J. Kasparian, D. Mondelain, J. Yu, A. Mysyrowicz, R. Sauerbrey, J.-P. Wolf, L. Wöste, “Teramobile: a mobile femtosecond-terawatt laser and detection system,” Eur. Phys. J. A 20, 183–190 (2002).
[CrossRef]

P. Rairoux, H. Schillinger, S. Niedermeier, M. Rodriguez, F. Ronneberger, R. Sauerbrey, B. Stein, D. Waite, C. Wedekind, H. Wille, L. Wöste, “Remote sensing of the atmosphere using ultrashort laser pulses,” Appl. Phys. B 71, 573–580 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Yu, J.

Appl. Phys. (1)

S. L. Chin, D. K. Evans, R. D. McAlpine, W. N. Selander, “Single-pulse photoacoustic technique for measuring IR multiphoton absorption by polyatomic molecules,” Appl. Phys. 21, 65–68 (1982).

Appl. Phys. B (5)

J. Kasparian, R. Sauerbrey, S. L. Chin, “The critical laser intensity of self-guided light filaments in air,” Appl. Phys. B 71, 877–879 (2000).
[CrossRef]

A. Becker, N. Aközbek, K. Vijayalakshmi, E. Oral, C. M. Bowden, S. L. Chin, “Intensity clamping and re-focusing of intense femtosecond laser pulses in nitrogen molecular gas,” Appl. Phys. B 73, 287–290 (2001).
[CrossRef]

P. Rairoux, H. Schillinger, S. Niedermeier, M. Rodriguez, F. Ronneberger, R. Sauerbrey, B. Stein, D. Waite, C. Wedekind, H. Wille, L. Wöste, “Remote sensing of the atmosphere using ultrashort laser pulses,” Appl. Phys. B 71, 573–580 (2000).
[CrossRef]

H. Schillinger, R. Sauerbrey, “Electrical conductivity of long plasma channels in air generated by self-guided femtosecond laser pulses,” Appl. Phys. B 68, 753–756 (1999).
[CrossRef]

A. Iwasaki, N. Aközbek, B. Ferland, Q. Luo, G. Roy, C. M. Bowden, S. L. Chin, “A LIDAR technique to measure the filament length generated by a high-peak power femtosecond laser pulse in air,” Appl. Phys. B 76, 231–236 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Bull. Acad. Sci. USSR Phys. Ser. (1)

V. E. Gusev, “Estimate of parameters for shock waves excited by femtosecond laser pulses,” Bull. Acad. Sci. USSR Phys. Ser. 57, 1–10 (1993).

Eur. Phys. J. A (1)

H. Wille, M. Rodriguez, J. Kasparian, D. Mondelain, J. Yu, A. Mysyrowicz, R. Sauerbrey, J.-P. Wolf, L. Wöste, “Teramobile: a mobile femtosecond-terawatt laser and detection system,” Eur. Phys. J. A 20, 183–190 (2002).
[CrossRef]

IEEE Trans. Plasma Sci. (1)

F. Vidal, D. Comtois, C. Y. Chien, A. Desparois, B. La Fontaine, T. W. Johnston, J. C. Kieffer, H. P. Mercure, H. Pépin, F. A. Rizik, “Modeling the triggering of streamers in air by ultrashort laser pulses,” IEEE Trans. Plasma Sci. 28, 418–433 (2000).
[CrossRef]

J. Appl. Phys. (1)

B. La Fontaine, D. Comptois, C. Y. Chien, A. Desparois, F. Gérin, G. Jarry, T. W. Johnston, J. C. Kieffer, F. Martin, R. Mawassi, H. Pépin, F. A. M. Rizk, F. Vidal, C. Potvin, P. Couture, H. P. Mercure, “Guiding large-scale spark discharges with ultrashort pulse laser filaments,” J. Appl. Phys. 88, 610–615 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Commun. (3)

S. Tzortzakis, B. Prade, M. Franco, A. Mysyrowicz, “Time-evolution of the plasma channel at the trail of a self-guided IR femtosecond laser pulse in air,” Opt. Commun. 181, 123–127 (2000).
[CrossRef]

A. Proulx, A. Talebpour, S. Petit, S. L. Chin, “Fast pulsed electrical field created from the self-generated filament of a femtosecond Ti:sapphire laser pulse in air,” Opt. Commun. 174, 305–309 (2000).
[CrossRef]

A. Talebpour, S. Petit, S. L. Chin, “Re-focusing during the propagation of a focused femtosecond Ti:sapphire laser pulse in air,” Opt. Commun. 171, 285–290 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Lett. (5)

Phys. Rev. E (1)

S. Tzortzakis, M. A. Franco, Y. B. André, A. Chiron, B. Lamouroux, B. S. Prade, A. Mysyrowicz, “Formation of a conducting channel in air by self-guided femtosecond laser pulses,” Phys. Rev. E 60, R3505–R3507 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Phys. Rev. Lett. (2)

G. N. Gibson, R. R. Freeman, “Dynamics of the high-intensity multiphoton ionization of N2,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 67, 1230–1233 (1991).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

S. Tzortzakis, L. Bergé, A. Couairon, M. Franco, B. Prade, A. Mysyrowicz, “Breakup and fusion of self-guided femtosecond light pulses in air,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 86, 5470–5473 (2001).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Other (1)

A. D. Bandrauk, ed. Molecules in Laser Fields (Marcel Dekker, New York, 1994).

Cited By

OSA participates in CrossRef's Cited-By Linking service. Citing articles from OSA journals and other participating publishers are listed here.

Alert me when this article is cited.


Figures (3)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

Experimental setup. The spherical mirror (with 5-m focal length) was used with a small incident angle (1.2°) to reduce the astigmatism. The laser beam had a diameter of 7 mm (e -1 level) at the spherical mirror. The origin of the Oz axis corresponds to the location of the spherical mirror. The beam dump was located 14 m from the spherical mirror.

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

Acoustic signal recorded by a digital oscilloscope synchronized on laser pulses with an average over 256 shots. The origin of the time axis is the laser pulse.

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

Peak acoustic signal as a function of the propagation distance z. The arrows show the starting and the ending points of the plasma channel. The insert presents a detail of the signals between 400 and 500 cm from the spherical mirror.

Metrics