Abstract

A multilayered waveguide holographic read-only memory is a promising candidate for the next generation of optical data storage systems. We improved the data density of the memory by using a multiplexing method with a set of orthogonal optical masks. We multiplexed as many as nine images into one waveguide hologram, and all the observed images had negligible cross talk. This made it possible to achieve a ninefold increase in data density. We provide experimental results for both metallic and liquid-crystal masks.

© 2003 Optical Society of America

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  1. J. Ashley, C. M. Jefferson, M.-P. Bernal, B. Marcus, G. W. Burr, R. M. Macfarlane, H. Coufal, R. M. Shelby, H. Guenther, G. T. Sincerbox, J. A. Hoffnagle, “Holographic data storage,” IBM J. Res. Dev. 44, 341–366 (2000).
    [CrossRef]
  2. H. Kogelnik, “Coupled wave theory for thick hologram grating,” Bell. Syst. Tech. J. 48, 2909–2947 (1969).
    [CrossRef]
  3. C. Denz, G. Pauliat, G. Roosen, T. Tschudi, “Volume hologram multiplexing using a deterministic phase encoding method,” Opt. Commun. 85, 171–176 (1991).
    [CrossRef]
  4. G. Barbastathis, M. Levene, D. Psaltis, “Shift multiplexing with spherical reference waves,” Appl. Opt. 35, 2403–2417 (1996).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  5. S. Yagi, T. Imai, A. Tate, M. Hikita, S. Tomaru, S. Imamura, T. Tamamura, Y. Kurokawa, M. Yamamoto, “Multilayered waveguide holographic memory card,” presented at Joint International Symposium on Optical Memory and Optical Data Storage ’99, Hawaii, 11 July 1999.
  6. S. Yagi, T. Imai, A. Tate, Y. Kurokawa, M. Yamamoto, “Reduction of stripe noise in MWH-ROM by random phase modulation,” presented at International Symposium on Optical Memory 2000, Chitose, Japan, 5 November 2000.
  7. K. Ishihara, H. Kubo, R. Yoshiyama, K. Yamauchi, M. Kawashima, Y. Miwa, T. Kobayashi, “UV embossing process for multilayered waveguide holographic memory media,” presented at Optical Data Storage Topical Meeting 2001, Santa Fe, Calif., 22 April 2001.
  8. T. Suhara, H. Nishihara, J. Koyama, “Waveguide holograms: a new approach to hologram integration,” Opt. Commun. 19, 353–358 (1976).
    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
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    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  11. M. Endo, Y. Kurokawa, M. Ueno, T. Tanabe, M. Yamamoto, “Two-dimensional modulation code for multilayered waveguide holographic memory,” Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 41, 1846–1850 (2002).
    [CrossRef]

2002 (1)

M. Endo, Y. Kurokawa, M. Ueno, T. Tanabe, M. Yamamoto, “Two-dimensional modulation code for multilayered waveguide holographic memory,” Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 41, 1846–1850 (2002).
[CrossRef]

2000 (1)

J. Ashley, C. M. Jefferson, M.-P. Bernal, B. Marcus, G. W. Burr, R. M. Macfarlane, H. Coufal, R. M. Shelby, H. Guenther, G. T. Sincerbox, J. A. Hoffnagle, “Holographic data storage,” IBM J. Res. Dev. 44, 341–366 (2000).
[CrossRef]

1996 (1)

1991 (1)

C. Denz, G. Pauliat, G. Roosen, T. Tschudi, “Volume hologram multiplexing using a deterministic phase encoding method,” Opt. Commun. 85, 171–176 (1991).
[CrossRef]

1976 (1)

T. Suhara, H. Nishihara, J. Koyama, “Waveguide holograms: a new approach to hologram integration,” Opt. Commun. 19, 353–358 (1976).
[CrossRef]

1969 (1)

H. Kogelnik, “Coupled wave theory for thick hologram grating,” Bell. Syst. Tech. J. 48, 2909–2947 (1969).
[CrossRef]

1967 (1)

1966 (1)

Ashley, J.

J. Ashley, C. M. Jefferson, M.-P. Bernal, B. Marcus, G. W. Burr, R. M. Macfarlane, H. Coufal, R. M. Shelby, H. Guenther, G. T. Sincerbox, J. A. Hoffnagle, “Holographic data storage,” IBM J. Res. Dev. 44, 341–366 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Barbastathis, G.

Bernal, M.-P.

J. Ashley, C. M. Jefferson, M.-P. Bernal, B. Marcus, G. W. Burr, R. M. Macfarlane, H. Coufal, R. M. Shelby, H. Guenther, G. T. Sincerbox, J. A. Hoffnagle, “Holographic data storage,” IBM J. Res. Dev. 44, 341–366 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Brown, B. R.

Burr, G. W.

J. Ashley, C. M. Jefferson, M.-P. Bernal, B. Marcus, G. W. Burr, R. M. Macfarlane, H. Coufal, R. M. Shelby, H. Guenther, G. T. Sincerbox, J. A. Hoffnagle, “Holographic data storage,” IBM J. Res. Dev. 44, 341–366 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Coufal, H.

J. Ashley, C. M. Jefferson, M.-P. Bernal, B. Marcus, G. W. Burr, R. M. Macfarlane, H. Coufal, R. M. Shelby, H. Guenther, G. T. Sincerbox, J. A. Hoffnagle, “Holographic data storage,” IBM J. Res. Dev. 44, 341–366 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Denz, C.

C. Denz, G. Pauliat, G. Roosen, T. Tschudi, “Volume hologram multiplexing using a deterministic phase encoding method,” Opt. Commun. 85, 171–176 (1991).
[CrossRef]

Endo, M.

M. Endo, Y. Kurokawa, M. Ueno, T. Tanabe, M. Yamamoto, “Two-dimensional modulation code for multilayered waveguide holographic memory,” Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 41, 1846–1850 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Guenther, H.

J. Ashley, C. M. Jefferson, M.-P. Bernal, B. Marcus, G. W. Burr, R. M. Macfarlane, H. Coufal, R. M. Shelby, H. Guenther, G. T. Sincerbox, J. A. Hoffnagle, “Holographic data storage,” IBM J. Res. Dev. 44, 341–366 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Hikita, M.

S. Yagi, T. Imai, A. Tate, M. Hikita, S. Tomaru, S. Imamura, T. Tamamura, Y. Kurokawa, M. Yamamoto, “Multilayered waveguide holographic memory card,” presented at Joint International Symposium on Optical Memory and Optical Data Storage ’99, Hawaii, 11 July 1999.

Hoffnagle, J. A.

J. Ashley, C. M. Jefferson, M.-P. Bernal, B. Marcus, G. W. Burr, R. M. Macfarlane, H. Coufal, R. M. Shelby, H. Guenther, G. T. Sincerbox, J. A. Hoffnagle, “Holographic data storage,” IBM J. Res. Dev. 44, 341–366 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Imai, T.

S. Yagi, T. Imai, A. Tate, M. Hikita, S. Tomaru, S. Imamura, T. Tamamura, Y. Kurokawa, M. Yamamoto, “Multilayered waveguide holographic memory card,” presented at Joint International Symposium on Optical Memory and Optical Data Storage ’99, Hawaii, 11 July 1999.

S. Yagi, T. Imai, A. Tate, Y. Kurokawa, M. Yamamoto, “Reduction of stripe noise in MWH-ROM by random phase modulation,” presented at International Symposium on Optical Memory 2000, Chitose, Japan, 5 November 2000.

Imamura, S.

S. Yagi, T. Imai, A. Tate, M. Hikita, S. Tomaru, S. Imamura, T. Tamamura, Y. Kurokawa, M. Yamamoto, “Multilayered waveguide holographic memory card,” presented at Joint International Symposium on Optical Memory and Optical Data Storage ’99, Hawaii, 11 July 1999.

Ishihara, K.

K. Ishihara, H. Kubo, R. Yoshiyama, K. Yamauchi, M. Kawashima, Y. Miwa, T. Kobayashi, “UV embossing process for multilayered waveguide holographic memory media,” presented at Optical Data Storage Topical Meeting 2001, Santa Fe, Calif., 22 April 2001.

Jefferson, C. M.

J. Ashley, C. M. Jefferson, M.-P. Bernal, B. Marcus, G. W. Burr, R. M. Macfarlane, H. Coufal, R. M. Shelby, H. Guenther, G. T. Sincerbox, J. A. Hoffnagle, “Holographic data storage,” IBM J. Res. Dev. 44, 341–366 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Kawashima, M.

K. Ishihara, H. Kubo, R. Yoshiyama, K. Yamauchi, M. Kawashima, Y. Miwa, T. Kobayashi, “UV embossing process for multilayered waveguide holographic memory media,” presented at Optical Data Storage Topical Meeting 2001, Santa Fe, Calif., 22 April 2001.

Kobayashi, T.

K. Ishihara, H. Kubo, R. Yoshiyama, K. Yamauchi, M. Kawashima, Y. Miwa, T. Kobayashi, “UV embossing process for multilayered waveguide holographic memory media,” presented at Optical Data Storage Topical Meeting 2001, Santa Fe, Calif., 22 April 2001.

Kogelnik, H.

H. Kogelnik, “Coupled wave theory for thick hologram grating,” Bell. Syst. Tech. J. 48, 2909–2947 (1969).
[CrossRef]

Koyama, J.

T. Suhara, H. Nishihara, J. Koyama, “Waveguide holograms: a new approach to hologram integration,” Opt. Commun. 19, 353–358 (1976).
[CrossRef]

Kubo, H.

K. Ishihara, H. Kubo, R. Yoshiyama, K. Yamauchi, M. Kawashima, Y. Miwa, T. Kobayashi, “UV embossing process for multilayered waveguide holographic memory media,” presented at Optical Data Storage Topical Meeting 2001, Santa Fe, Calif., 22 April 2001.

Kurokawa, Y.

M. Endo, Y. Kurokawa, M. Ueno, T. Tanabe, M. Yamamoto, “Two-dimensional modulation code for multilayered waveguide holographic memory,” Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 41, 1846–1850 (2002).
[CrossRef]

S. Yagi, T. Imai, A. Tate, Y. Kurokawa, M. Yamamoto, “Reduction of stripe noise in MWH-ROM by random phase modulation,” presented at International Symposium on Optical Memory 2000, Chitose, Japan, 5 November 2000.

S. Yagi, T. Imai, A. Tate, M. Hikita, S. Tomaru, S. Imamura, T. Tamamura, Y. Kurokawa, M. Yamamoto, “Multilayered waveguide holographic memory card,” presented at Joint International Symposium on Optical Memory and Optical Data Storage ’99, Hawaii, 11 July 1999.

Levene, M.

Lohmann, A. W.

Macfarlane, R. M.

J. Ashley, C. M. Jefferson, M.-P. Bernal, B. Marcus, G. W. Burr, R. M. Macfarlane, H. Coufal, R. M. Shelby, H. Guenther, G. T. Sincerbox, J. A. Hoffnagle, “Holographic data storage,” IBM J. Res. Dev. 44, 341–366 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Marcus, B.

J. Ashley, C. M. Jefferson, M.-P. Bernal, B. Marcus, G. W. Burr, R. M. Macfarlane, H. Coufal, R. M. Shelby, H. Guenther, G. T. Sincerbox, J. A. Hoffnagle, “Holographic data storage,” IBM J. Res. Dev. 44, 341–366 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Miwa, Y.

K. Ishihara, H. Kubo, R. Yoshiyama, K. Yamauchi, M. Kawashima, Y. Miwa, T. Kobayashi, “UV embossing process for multilayered waveguide holographic memory media,” presented at Optical Data Storage Topical Meeting 2001, Santa Fe, Calif., 22 April 2001.

Nishihara, H.

T. Suhara, H. Nishihara, J. Koyama, “Waveguide holograms: a new approach to hologram integration,” Opt. Commun. 19, 353–358 (1976).
[CrossRef]

Paris, D. P.

Pauliat, G.

C. Denz, G. Pauliat, G. Roosen, T. Tschudi, “Volume hologram multiplexing using a deterministic phase encoding method,” Opt. Commun. 85, 171–176 (1991).
[CrossRef]

Psaltis, D.

Roosen, G.

C. Denz, G. Pauliat, G. Roosen, T. Tschudi, “Volume hologram multiplexing using a deterministic phase encoding method,” Opt. Commun. 85, 171–176 (1991).
[CrossRef]

Shelby, R. M.

J. Ashley, C. M. Jefferson, M.-P. Bernal, B. Marcus, G. W. Burr, R. M. Macfarlane, H. Coufal, R. M. Shelby, H. Guenther, G. T. Sincerbox, J. A. Hoffnagle, “Holographic data storage,” IBM J. Res. Dev. 44, 341–366 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Sincerbox, G. T.

J. Ashley, C. M. Jefferson, M.-P. Bernal, B. Marcus, G. W. Burr, R. M. Macfarlane, H. Coufal, R. M. Shelby, H. Guenther, G. T. Sincerbox, J. A. Hoffnagle, “Holographic data storage,” IBM J. Res. Dev. 44, 341–366 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Suhara, T.

T. Suhara, H. Nishihara, J. Koyama, “Waveguide holograms: a new approach to hologram integration,” Opt. Commun. 19, 353–358 (1976).
[CrossRef]

Tamamura, T.

S. Yagi, T. Imai, A. Tate, M. Hikita, S. Tomaru, S. Imamura, T. Tamamura, Y. Kurokawa, M. Yamamoto, “Multilayered waveguide holographic memory card,” presented at Joint International Symposium on Optical Memory and Optical Data Storage ’99, Hawaii, 11 July 1999.

Tanabe, T.

M. Endo, Y. Kurokawa, M. Ueno, T. Tanabe, M. Yamamoto, “Two-dimensional modulation code for multilayered waveguide holographic memory,” Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 41, 1846–1850 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Tate, A.

S. Yagi, T. Imai, A. Tate, M. Hikita, S. Tomaru, S. Imamura, T. Tamamura, Y. Kurokawa, M. Yamamoto, “Multilayered waveguide holographic memory card,” presented at Joint International Symposium on Optical Memory and Optical Data Storage ’99, Hawaii, 11 July 1999.

S. Yagi, T. Imai, A. Tate, Y. Kurokawa, M. Yamamoto, “Reduction of stripe noise in MWH-ROM by random phase modulation,” presented at International Symposium on Optical Memory 2000, Chitose, Japan, 5 November 2000.

Tomaru, S.

S. Yagi, T. Imai, A. Tate, M. Hikita, S. Tomaru, S. Imamura, T. Tamamura, Y. Kurokawa, M. Yamamoto, “Multilayered waveguide holographic memory card,” presented at Joint International Symposium on Optical Memory and Optical Data Storage ’99, Hawaii, 11 July 1999.

Tschudi, T.

C. Denz, G. Pauliat, G. Roosen, T. Tschudi, “Volume hologram multiplexing using a deterministic phase encoding method,” Opt. Commun. 85, 171–176 (1991).
[CrossRef]

Ueno, M.

M. Endo, Y. Kurokawa, M. Ueno, T. Tanabe, M. Yamamoto, “Two-dimensional modulation code for multilayered waveguide holographic memory,” Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 41, 1846–1850 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Yagi, S.

S. Yagi, T. Imai, A. Tate, M. Hikita, S. Tomaru, S. Imamura, T. Tamamura, Y. Kurokawa, M. Yamamoto, “Multilayered waveguide holographic memory card,” presented at Joint International Symposium on Optical Memory and Optical Data Storage ’99, Hawaii, 11 July 1999.

S. Yagi, T. Imai, A. Tate, Y. Kurokawa, M. Yamamoto, “Reduction of stripe noise in MWH-ROM by random phase modulation,” presented at International Symposium on Optical Memory 2000, Chitose, Japan, 5 November 2000.

Yamamoto, M.

M. Endo, Y. Kurokawa, M. Ueno, T. Tanabe, M. Yamamoto, “Two-dimensional modulation code for multilayered waveguide holographic memory,” Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 41, 1846–1850 (2002).
[CrossRef]

S. Yagi, T. Imai, A. Tate, Y. Kurokawa, M. Yamamoto, “Reduction of stripe noise in MWH-ROM by random phase modulation,” presented at International Symposium on Optical Memory 2000, Chitose, Japan, 5 November 2000.

S. Yagi, T. Imai, A. Tate, M. Hikita, S. Tomaru, S. Imamura, T. Tamamura, Y. Kurokawa, M. Yamamoto, “Multilayered waveguide holographic memory card,” presented at Joint International Symposium on Optical Memory and Optical Data Storage ’99, Hawaii, 11 July 1999.

Yamauchi, K.

K. Ishihara, H. Kubo, R. Yoshiyama, K. Yamauchi, M. Kawashima, Y. Miwa, T. Kobayashi, “UV embossing process for multilayered waveguide holographic memory media,” presented at Optical Data Storage Topical Meeting 2001, Santa Fe, Calif., 22 April 2001.

Yoshiyama, R.

K. Ishihara, H. Kubo, R. Yoshiyama, K. Yamauchi, M. Kawashima, Y. Miwa, T. Kobayashi, “UV embossing process for multilayered waveguide holographic memory media,” presented at Optical Data Storage Topical Meeting 2001, Santa Fe, Calif., 22 April 2001.

Appl. Opt. (3)

Bell. Syst. Tech. J. (1)

H. Kogelnik, “Coupled wave theory for thick hologram grating,” Bell. Syst. Tech. J. 48, 2909–2947 (1969).
[CrossRef]

IBM J. Res. Dev. (1)

J. Ashley, C. M. Jefferson, M.-P. Bernal, B. Marcus, G. W. Burr, R. M. Macfarlane, H. Coufal, R. M. Shelby, H. Guenther, G. T. Sincerbox, J. A. Hoffnagle, “Holographic data storage,” IBM J. Res. Dev. 44, 341–366 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. (1)

M. Endo, Y. Kurokawa, M. Ueno, T. Tanabe, M. Yamamoto, “Two-dimensional modulation code for multilayered waveguide holographic memory,” Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 41, 1846–1850 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Commun. (2)

T. Suhara, H. Nishihara, J. Koyama, “Waveguide holograms: a new approach to hologram integration,” Opt. Commun. 19, 353–358 (1976).
[CrossRef]

C. Denz, G. Pauliat, G. Roosen, T. Tschudi, “Volume hologram multiplexing using a deterministic phase encoding method,” Opt. Commun. 85, 171–176 (1991).
[CrossRef]

Other (3)

S. Yagi, T. Imai, A. Tate, M. Hikita, S. Tomaru, S. Imamura, T. Tamamura, Y. Kurokawa, M. Yamamoto, “Multilayered waveguide holographic memory card,” presented at Joint International Symposium on Optical Memory and Optical Data Storage ’99, Hawaii, 11 July 1999.

S. Yagi, T. Imai, A. Tate, Y. Kurokawa, M. Yamamoto, “Reduction of stripe noise in MWH-ROM by random phase modulation,” presented at International Symposium on Optical Memory 2000, Chitose, Japan, 5 November 2000.

K. Ishihara, H. Kubo, R. Yoshiyama, K. Yamauchi, M. Kawashima, Y. Miwa, T. Kobayashi, “UV embossing process for multilayered waveguide holographic memory media,” presented at Optical Data Storage Topical Meeting 2001, Santa Fe, Calif., 22 April 2001.

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