Abstract

Digital speckle correlation is based on a detailed analysis of changes in speckle images that are recorded from laser-illuminated rough surfaces. The two in-plane components are obtained by cross-correlation of corresponding subimages, a method also known as digital speckle photography. The local gradient of the hitherto inaccessible out-of-plane component is determined from the characteristic dependence of the speckle correlation on the spatial frequency. A detailed experimental study is carried out to analyze the new technique for systematic and random measuring errors. For moderate decorrelation the accuracy of the out-of-plane measurement is better than λ/10 and thus comparable with interferometric techniques. Yet the extremely simple and robust optical setup is suited to nondestructive-testing applications in harsh environments. The quality of the deformation maps is demonstrated in a practical application.

© 2003 Optical Society of America

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