Abstract

An all solid-state Ti:sapphire laser differential absorption lidar transmitter was developed. This all-solid-state laser provides a compact, robust, and highly reliable laser transmitter for potential application in differential absorption lidar measurements of atmospheric ozone. Two compact, high-energy-pulsed, and injection-seeded Ti:sapphire lasers operating at a pulse repetition frequency of 30 Hz and wavelengths of 867 and 900 nm, with M2 of 1.3, have been experimentally demonstrated and their properties compared with model results. The output pulse energy was 115 mJ at 867 nm and 105 mJ at 900 nm, with a slope efficiency of 40% and 32%, respectively. At these energies, the beam quality was good enough so that we were able to achieve 30 mJ of ultraviolet laser output at 289 and 300 nm after frequency tripling with two lithium triborate nonlinear crystals.

© 2003 Optical Society of America

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  1. S. Goldschmidt, R. J. DeYoung, “An ozone differential absorption lidar (DIAL) receiver system for use on unpiloted atmospheric vehicles,” NASA Tech. Rep. NASA/TM-1999-209716 (National Aeronautics and Space Administration, Washington, D.C., 1999).
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  3. W. W. Heck, W. W. Cure, J. O. Rawlings, L. J. Zaragoza, A. S. Heagle, H. E. Heggestad, R. J. Kohut, W. Lance, P. Temple, “Assessing impacts of ozone on agriculture crops: overview,” J. Air Pollut. Control Assoc. 34, 725–735 (1984).
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    [CrossRef]
  17. G. A. Rines, H. H. Zenzie, R. A. Schwarz, Y. Isyanova, P. F. Moulton, “Nonlinear conversion of Ti:sapphire laser wavelengths,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 1, 50–57 (1995).
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  18. A. Yu. Dergachev, B. Pati, P. F. Moultin, “Efficient third-harmonic generation with a Ti:sapphire laser,” in Advanced Solid-State Lasers, M. M. Fejer, H. Injeyan, U. Keller, eds., Vol. 26 of OSA Trends in Optics and Photonics Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1999), pp. 96–99.
  19. D. J. Binks, P. S. Golding, T. A. King, “Compact all-solid-state high repetition rate tunable ultraviolet source for airborne atmospheric gas sensing,” J. Mod. Opt. 47, 1899–1912 (2000).
  20. A. K. Mohamed, J. A. Pruvost, I. Ribert, M. Lefebvre, E. Rosencher, D. J. Binks, “Laser diode injected intervacity-double Ti:sapphire laser for single-mode tunable UV sources,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 37, 290–295 (2001).
    [CrossRef]
  21. J. C. Barnes, “Solid state laser technology development for atmospheric sensing applications,” in Digest of the 19th International Laser Radar Conference (ILRC), U. N. Singh, S. Ismail, G. K. Schwemmer, eds. (National Aeronautics and Space Administration, Washington, D.C., 1998), pp. 619–622.
  22. J. C. Barnes, W. C. Edwards, L. B. Petway, L. G. Wang, “NASA lidar atmospheric sensing experiment’s titanium-doped sapphire tunable laser system,” in Optical Remote Sensing of the Atmosphere, Vol. 5 of 1993 OSA Technical Digest Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1993), pp. 459–565.
  23. N. P. Barnes, J. C. Barnes, “Injection seeding. I. Theory,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 29, 2670–2683 (1993).
    [CrossRef]
  24. F. Salin, J. Squier, “Gain guiding in solid-state lasers,” Opt. Lett. 17, 1352–1354 (1992).
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    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  27. S. Lin, Z. Sun, B. Wu, C. Chen, “The nonlinear optical characteristics of LiB3O5 crystal,” J. Appl. Phys. 67, 634–638 (1990).
    [CrossRef]
  28. S. P. Velsko, M. Webb, L. Davis, C. Huang, “Phase-matched harmonic generation in lithium triborate (LBO),” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 27, 2182–2192 (1991).
    [CrossRef]
  29. N. D. Finkelstein, W. R. Lempert, R. B. Miles, A. Finsh, G. A. Rines, “Cavity locked, injection seeded, titanium:sapphire laser and application to ultraviolet flow diagnostics,” paper AIAA 96-0177, presented at the Thirty-Fourth Aerospace Science Meeting and Exhibit, Reno, Nev., 15–18 January 1996 (American Institute of Aeronautics and Astronautics, Reston, Va., 1996).
  30. W. Marsh, National Aeronautics and Space Administration Langley Research Center, Hampton, Va. (personal communication, xxxx).
  31. J. M. Eggleston, L. G. DeShazer, K. W. Kangas, “Characteristics and kinetics of laser-pumped Ti:Sapphire oscillators,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. QE-24, 1009–1015 (1988).
    [CrossRef]
  32. W. G. Wagner, B. A. Lengyel, “Evolution of the giant pulse in a laser,” J. Appl. Phys. 34, 2040–2046 (1963).
    [CrossRef]
  33. J. J. Degnan, “Theory of the optimally coupled Q-switched laser,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 25, 214–220 (1989).
    [CrossRef]
  34. D. B. Coyle, D. V. Guerra, R. B. Kay, “An interactive numerical model of diode-pumped, Q-switched/cavity-dumped lasers,” J. Phys. D 28, 452–462 (1995).
    [CrossRef]
  35. R. Powell, Physics of Solid-State Laser Materials (American Institute of Physics, New York, 1998).
  36. M. E. Innocenzi, H. T. Yura, C. L. Fincher, R. A. Fields, “Thermal modeling of continuous-wave end-pumped solid-state laser,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 56, 1831–1833 (1990).
    [CrossRef]

2001 (1)

A. K. Mohamed, J. A. Pruvost, I. Ribert, M. Lefebvre, E. Rosencher, D. J. Binks, “Laser diode injected intervacity-double Ti:sapphire laser for single-mode tunable UV sources,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 37, 290–295 (2001).
[CrossRef]

2000 (1)

D. J. Binks, P. S. Golding, T. A. King, “Compact all-solid-state high repetition rate tunable ultraviolet source for airborne atmospheric gas sensing,” J. Mod. Opt. 47, 1899–1912 (2000).

1997 (1)

1995 (2)

G. A. Rines, H. H. Zenzie, R. A. Schwarz, Y. Isyanova, P. F. Moulton, “Nonlinear conversion of Ti:sapphire laser wavelengths,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 1, 50–57 (1995).
[CrossRef]

D. B. Coyle, D. V. Guerra, R. B. Kay, “An interactive numerical model of diode-pumped, Q-switched/cavity-dumped lasers,” J. Phys. D 28, 452–462 (1995).
[CrossRef]

1993 (1)

N. P. Barnes, J. C. Barnes, “Injection seeding. I. Theory,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 29, 2670–2683 (1993).
[CrossRef]

1992 (2)

1991 (4)

1990 (4)

S. Lin, Z. Sun, B. Wu, C. Chen, “The nonlinear optical characteristics of LiB3O5 crystal,” J. Appl. Phys. 67, 634–638 (1990).
[CrossRef]

M. E. Innocenzi, H. T. Yura, C. L. Fincher, R. A. Fields, “Thermal modeling of continuous-wave end-pumped solid-state laser,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 56, 1831–1833 (1990).
[CrossRef]

G. A. Rines, P. F. Moulton, “Performance of gain-switched Ti:Al2O3 unstable-resonator laser,” Opt. Lett. 15, 434–436 (1990).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

K. F. Wall, A. Sanchez, “Titanium sapphire lasers,” Lincoln Lab. J. 3, 447–462 (1990).

1989 (2)

M. Lippmann, “Health effects of ozone: critical review,” J. Air Pollut. Control Assoc. 39, 672–695 (1989).

J. J. Degnan, “Theory of the optimally coupled Q-switched laser,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 25, 214–220 (1989).
[CrossRef]

1988 (2)

J. M. Eggleston, L. G. DeShazer, K. W. Kangas, “Characteristics and kinetics of laser-pumped Ti:Sapphire oscillators,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. QE-24, 1009–1015 (1988).
[CrossRef]

J. M. Pye, “Impact of ozone on the growth and yield of trees—a review,” J. Environ. Qual. 17, 347–360 (1988).
[CrossRef]

1986 (1)

1985 (3)

G. F. Albercht, J. M. Eggleston, J. J. Ewing, “Measurements of Ti3+:Al2O3 as a lasing material,” Opt. Commun. 52, 401–404 (1985).
[CrossRef]

P. Lacovara, L. Esterowitz, M. Kokta, “Growth, spectroscopy, and lasing of titanium-doped sapphire,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. QE-21, 1614–1618 (1985).
[CrossRef]

R. M. Adams, S. A. Hamilton, B. A. McCarl, “An assessment of economic effect of ozone on U.S. agriculture,” J. Air Pollut. Control Assoc. 35, 938–943 (1985).
[CrossRef]

1984 (1)

W. W. Heck, W. W. Cure, J. O. Rawlings, L. J. Zaragoza, A. S. Heagle, H. E. Heggestad, R. J. Kohut, W. Lance, P. Temple, “Assessing impacts of ozone on agriculture crops: overview,” J. Air Pollut. Control Assoc. 34, 725–735 (1984).

1963 (1)

W. G. Wagner, B. A. Lengyel, “Evolution of the giant pulse in a laser,” J. Appl. Phys. 34, 2040–2046 (1963).
[CrossRef]

Adams, R. M.

R. M. Adams, S. A. Hamilton, B. A. McCarl, “An assessment of economic effect of ozone on U.S. agriculture,” J. Air Pollut. Control Assoc. 35, 938–943 (1985).
[CrossRef]

Albercht, G. F.

G. F. Albercht, J. M. Eggleston, J. J. Ewing, “Measurements of Ti3+:Al2O3 as a lasing material,” Opt. Commun. 52, 401–404 (1985).
[CrossRef]

Barnes, J. C.

N. P. Barnes, J. C. Barnes, “Injection seeding. I. Theory,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 29, 2670–2683 (1993).
[CrossRef]

J. C. Barnes, “Solid state laser technology development for atmospheric sensing applications,” in Digest of the 19th International Laser Radar Conference (ILRC), U. N. Singh, S. Ismail, G. K. Schwemmer, eds. (National Aeronautics and Space Administration, Washington, D.C., 1998), pp. 619–622.

J. C. Barnes, W. C. Edwards, L. B. Petway, L. G. Wang, “NASA lidar atmospheric sensing experiment’s titanium-doped sapphire tunable laser system,” in Optical Remote Sensing of the Atmosphere, Vol. 5 of 1993 OSA Technical Digest Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1993), pp. 459–565.

Barnes, N. P.

N. P. Barnes, J. C. Barnes, “Injection seeding. I. Theory,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 29, 2670–2683 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Bartoschevich, S. G.

Binks, D. J.

A. K. Mohamed, J. A. Pruvost, I. Ribert, M. Lefebvre, E. Rosencher, D. J. Binks, “Laser diode injected intervacity-double Ti:sapphire laser for single-mode tunable UV sources,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 37, 290–295 (2001).
[CrossRef]

D. J. Binks, P. S. Golding, T. A. King, “Compact all-solid-state high repetition rate tunable ultraviolet source for airborne atmospheric gas sensing,” J. Mod. Opt. 47, 1899–1912 (2000).

Brunel, L.

F. Salin, F. Estable, E. Mottay, L. Brunel, “High-power, gain guided Ti:AL2O3 laser: theory and experiment,” in Advanced Solid-State Lasers, A. A. Pinto, T. Y. Fan, eds., Vol. 15 of OSA Trends in Optics and Photonics Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1993), p. 294.

Chen, C.

S. Lin, Z. Sun, B. Wu, C. Chen, “The nonlinear optical characteristics of LiB3O5 crystal,” J. Appl. Phys. 67, 634–638 (1990).
[CrossRef]

Coyle, D. B.

D. B. Coyle, D. V. Guerra, R. B. Kay, “An interactive numerical model of diode-pumped, Q-switched/cavity-dumped lasers,” J. Phys. D 28, 452–462 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Cure, W. W.

W. W. Heck, W. W. Cure, J. O. Rawlings, L. J. Zaragoza, A. S. Heagle, H. E. Heggestad, R. J. Kohut, W. Lance, P. Temple, “Assessing impacts of ozone on agriculture crops: overview,” J. Air Pollut. Control Assoc. 34, 725–735 (1984).

Davis, L.

S. P. Velsko, M. Webb, L. Davis, C. Huang, “Phase-matched harmonic generation in lithium triborate (LBO),” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 27, 2182–2192 (1991).
[CrossRef]

Degnan, J. J.

J. J. Degnan, “Theory of the optimally coupled Q-switched laser,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 25, 214–220 (1989).
[CrossRef]

DeShazer, L. G.

J. M. Eggleston, L. G. DeShazer, K. W. Kangas, “Characteristics and kinetics of laser-pumped Ti:Sapphire oscillators,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. QE-24, 1009–1015 (1988).
[CrossRef]

DeYoung, R. J.

S. Goldschmidt, R. J. DeYoung, “An ozone differential absorption lidar (DIAL) receiver system for use on unpiloted atmospheric vehicles,” NASA Tech. Rep. NASA/TM-1999-209716 (National Aeronautics and Space Administration, Washington, D.C., 1999).

Drobshoff, A.

Edwards, W. C.

J. C. Barnes, W. C. Edwards, L. B. Petway, L. G. Wang, “NASA lidar atmospheric sensing experiment’s titanium-doped sapphire tunable laser system,” in Optical Remote Sensing of the Atmosphere, Vol. 5 of 1993 OSA Technical Digest Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1993), pp. 459–565.

Eggleston, J. M.

J. M. Eggleston, L. G. DeShazer, K. W. Kangas, “Characteristics and kinetics of laser-pumped Ti:Sapphire oscillators,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. QE-24, 1009–1015 (1988).
[CrossRef]

G. F. Albercht, J. M. Eggleston, J. J. Ewing, “Measurements of Ti3+:Al2O3 as a lasing material,” Opt. Commun. 52, 401–404 (1985).
[CrossRef]

Estable, F.

F. Salin, F. Estable, E. Mottay, L. Brunel, “High-power, gain guided Ti:AL2O3 laser: theory and experiment,” in Advanced Solid-State Lasers, A. A. Pinto, T. Y. Fan, eds., Vol. 15 of OSA Trends in Optics and Photonics Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1993), p. 294.

Esterowitz, L.

P. Lacovara, L. Esterowitz, M. Kokta, “Growth, spectroscopy, and lasing of titanium-doped sapphire,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. QE-21, 1614–1618 (1985).
[CrossRef]

Ewing, J. J.

G. F. Albercht, J. M. Eggleston, J. J. Ewing, “Measurements of Ti3+:Al2O3 as a lasing material,” Opt. Commun. 52, 401–404 (1985).
[CrossRef]

Fields, R. A.

M. E. Innocenzi, H. T. Yura, C. L. Fincher, R. A. Fields, “Thermal modeling of continuous-wave end-pumped solid-state laser,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 56, 1831–1833 (1990).
[CrossRef]

Fincher, C. L.

M. E. Innocenzi, H. T. Yura, C. L. Fincher, R. A. Fields, “Thermal modeling of continuous-wave end-pumped solid-state laser,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 56, 1831–1833 (1990).
[CrossRef]

Finkelestein, N.

Finkelstein, N. D.

N. D. Finkelstein, W. R. Lempert, R. B. Miles, A. Finsh, G. A. Rines, “Cavity locked, injection seeded, titanium:sapphire laser and application to ultraviolet flow diagnostics,” paper AIAA 96-0177, presented at the Thirty-Fourth Aerospace Science Meeting and Exhibit, Reno, Nev., 15–18 January 1996 (American Institute of Aeronautics and Astronautics, Reston, Va., 1996).

Finsh, A.

N. D. Finkelstein, W. R. Lempert, R. B. Miles, A. Finsh, G. A. Rines, “Cavity locked, injection seeded, titanium:sapphire laser and application to ultraviolet flow diagnostics,” paper AIAA 96-0177, presented at the Thirty-Fourth Aerospace Science Meeting and Exhibit, Reno, Nev., 15–18 January 1996 (American Institute of Aeronautics and Astronautics, Reston, Va., 1996).

Gerstenberger, D. C.

Golding, P. S.

D. J. Binks, P. S. Golding, T. A. King, “Compact all-solid-state high repetition rate tunable ultraviolet source for airborne atmospheric gas sensing,” J. Mod. Opt. 47, 1899–1912 (2000).

Goldschmidt, S.

S. Goldschmidt, R. J. DeYoung, “An ozone differential absorption lidar (DIAL) receiver system for use on unpiloted atmospheric vehicles,” NASA Tech. Rep. NASA/TM-1999-209716 (National Aeronautics and Space Administration, Washington, D.C., 1999).

Guerra, D. V.

D. B. Coyle, D. V. Guerra, R. B. Kay, “An interactive numerical model of diode-pumped, Q-switched/cavity-dumped lasers,” J. Phys. D 28, 452–462 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Hamilton, C. E.

Hamilton, S. A.

R. M. Adams, S. A. Hamilton, B. A. McCarl, “An assessment of economic effect of ozone on U.S. agriculture,” J. Air Pollut. Control Assoc. 35, 938–943 (1985).
[CrossRef]

Harrison, J.

G. A. Rines, P. F. Moulton, J. Harrison, “Solid state laser,” U.S. patent5,235,605 (10August1993).

Heagle, A. S.

W. W. Heck, W. W. Cure, J. O. Rawlings, L. J. Zaragoza, A. S. Heagle, H. E. Heggestad, R. J. Kohut, W. Lance, P. Temple, “Assessing impacts of ozone on agriculture crops: overview,” J. Air Pollut. Control Assoc. 34, 725–735 (1984).

Heck, W. W.

W. W. Heck, W. W. Cure, J. O. Rawlings, L. J. Zaragoza, A. S. Heagle, H. E. Heggestad, R. J. Kohut, W. Lance, P. Temple, “Assessing impacts of ozone on agriculture crops: overview,” J. Air Pollut. Control Assoc. 34, 725–735 (1984).

Heggestad, H. E.

W. W. Heck, W. W. Cure, J. O. Rawlings, L. J. Zaragoza, A. S. Heagle, H. E. Heggestad, R. J. Kohut, W. Lance, P. Temple, “Assessing impacts of ozone on agriculture crops: overview,” J. Air Pollut. Control Assoc. 34, 725–735 (1984).

Huang, C.

S. P. Velsko, M. Webb, L. Davis, C. Huang, “Phase-matched harmonic generation in lithium triborate (LBO),” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 27, 2182–2192 (1991).
[CrossRef]

Innocenzi, M. E.

M. E. Innocenzi, H. T. Yura, C. L. Fincher, R. A. Fields, “Thermal modeling of continuous-wave end-pumped solid-state laser,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 56, 1831–1833 (1990).
[CrossRef]

Isyanova, Y.

G. A. Rines, H. H. Zenzie, R. A. Schwarz, Y. Isyanova, P. F. Moulton, “Nonlinear conversion of Ti:sapphire laser wavelengths,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 1, 50–57 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Kangas, K. W.

J. M. Eggleston, L. G. DeShazer, K. W. Kangas, “Characteristics and kinetics of laser-pumped Ti:Sapphire oscillators,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. QE-24, 1009–1015 (1988).
[CrossRef]

Kay, R. B.

D. B. Coyle, D. V. Guerra, R. B. Kay, “An interactive numerical model of diode-pumped, Q-switched/cavity-dumped lasers,” J. Phys. D 28, 452–462 (1995).
[CrossRef]

King, T. A.

D. J. Binks, P. S. Golding, T. A. King, “Compact all-solid-state high repetition rate tunable ultraviolet source for airborne atmospheric gas sensing,” J. Mod. Opt. 47, 1899–1912 (2000).

Kohut, R. J.

W. W. Heck, W. W. Cure, J. O. Rawlings, L. J. Zaragoza, A. S. Heagle, H. E. Heggestad, R. J. Kohut, W. Lance, P. Temple, “Assessing impacts of ozone on agriculture crops: overview,” J. Air Pollut. Control Assoc. 34, 725–735 (1984).

Kokta, M.

P. Lacovara, L. Esterowitz, M. Kokta, “Growth, spectroscopy, and lasing of titanium-doped sapphire,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. QE-21, 1614–1618 (1985).
[CrossRef]

Lacovara, P.

P. Lacovara, L. Esterowitz, M. Kokta, “Growth, spectroscopy, and lasing of titanium-doped sapphire,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. QE-21, 1614–1618 (1985).
[CrossRef]

Lance, W.

W. W. Heck, W. W. Cure, J. O. Rawlings, L. J. Zaragoza, A. S. Heagle, H. E. Heggestad, R. J. Kohut, W. Lance, P. Temple, “Assessing impacts of ozone on agriculture crops: overview,” J. Air Pollut. Control Assoc. 34, 725–735 (1984).

Lefebvre, M.

A. K. Mohamed, J. A. Pruvost, I. Ribert, M. Lefebvre, E. Rosencher, D. J. Binks, “Laser diode injected intervacity-double Ti:sapphire laser for single-mode tunable UV sources,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 37, 290–295 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Lempert, W. R.

N. Finkelestein, W. R. Lempert, R. B. Miles, “Narrow-linewidth passband filter for ultraviolet rotational Raman imaging,” Opt. Lett. 22, 537–539 (1997).
[CrossRef]

N. D. Finkelstein, W. R. Lempert, R. B. Miles, A. Finsh, G. A. Rines, “Cavity locked, injection seeded, titanium:sapphire laser and application to ultraviolet flow diagnostics,” paper AIAA 96-0177, presented at the Thirty-Fourth Aerospace Science Meeting and Exhibit, Reno, Nev., 15–18 January 1996 (American Institute of Aeronautics and Astronautics, Reston, Va., 1996).

Lengyel, B. A.

W. G. Wagner, B. A. Lengyel, “Evolution of the giant pulse in a laser,” J. Appl. Phys. 34, 2040–2046 (1963).
[CrossRef]

Lin, S.

S. Lin, Z. Sun, B. Wu, C. Chen, “The nonlinear optical characteristics of LiB3O5 crystal,” J. Appl. Phys. 67, 634–638 (1990).
[CrossRef]

Lippmann, M.

M. Lippmann, “Health effects of ozone: critical review,” J. Air Pollut. Control Assoc. 39, 672–695 (1989).

Marsh, W.

W. Marsh, National Aeronautics and Space Administration Langley Research Center, Hampton, Va. (personal communication, xxxx).

McCarl, B. A.

R. M. Adams, S. A. Hamilton, B. A. McCarl, “An assessment of economic effect of ozone on U.S. agriculture,” J. Air Pollut. Control Assoc. 35, 938–943 (1985).
[CrossRef]

Mikhnyuk, I. V.

Miles, R. B.

N. Finkelestein, W. R. Lempert, R. B. Miles, “Narrow-linewidth passband filter for ultraviolet rotational Raman imaging,” Opt. Lett. 22, 537–539 (1997).
[CrossRef]

N. D. Finkelstein, W. R. Lempert, R. B. Miles, A. Finsh, G. A. Rines, “Cavity locked, injection seeded, titanium:sapphire laser and application to ultraviolet flow diagnostics,” paper AIAA 96-0177, presented at the Thirty-Fourth Aerospace Science Meeting and Exhibit, Reno, Nev., 15–18 January 1996 (American Institute of Aeronautics and Astronautics, Reston, Va., 1996).

Mohamed, A. K.

A. K. Mohamed, J. A. Pruvost, I. Ribert, M. Lefebvre, E. Rosencher, D. J. Binks, “Laser diode injected intervacity-double Ti:sapphire laser for single-mode tunable UV sources,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 37, 290–295 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Mottay, E.

F. Salin, F. Estable, E. Mottay, L. Brunel, “High-power, gain guided Ti:AL2O3 laser: theory and experiment,” in Advanced Solid-State Lasers, A. A. Pinto, T. Y. Fan, eds., Vol. 15 of OSA Trends in Optics and Photonics Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1993), p. 294.

Moultin, P. F.

A. Yu. Dergachev, B. Pati, P. F. Moultin, “Efficient third-harmonic generation with a Ti:sapphire laser,” in Advanced Solid-State Lasers, M. M. Fejer, H. Injeyan, U. Keller, eds., Vol. 26 of OSA Trends in Optics and Photonics Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1999), pp. 96–99.

Moulton, P. F.

G. A. Rines, H. H. Zenzie, R. A. Schwarz, Y. Isyanova, P. F. Moulton, “Nonlinear conversion of Ti:sapphire laser wavelengths,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 1, 50–57 (1995).
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G. A. Rines, P. F. Moulton, “Performance of gain-switched Ti:Al2O3 unstable-resonator laser,” Opt. Lett. 15, 434–436 (1990).
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P. F. Moulton, “Spectroscopic and laser characteristics of Ti:Al2O3,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 3, 125–133 (1986).
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G. A. Rines, P. F. Moulton, J. Harrison, “Solid state laser,” U.S. patent5,235,605 (10August1993).

Pati, B.

A. Yu. Dergachev, B. Pati, P. F. Moultin, “Efficient third-harmonic generation with a Ti:sapphire laser,” in Advanced Solid-State Lasers, M. M. Fejer, H. Injeyan, U. Keller, eds., Vol. 26 of OSA Trends in Optics and Photonics Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1999), pp. 96–99.

Petway, L. B.

J. C. Barnes, W. C. Edwards, L. B. Petway, L. G. Wang, “NASA lidar atmospheric sensing experiment’s titanium-doped sapphire tunable laser system,” in Optical Remote Sensing of the Atmosphere, Vol. 5 of 1993 OSA Technical Digest Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1993), pp. 459–565.

Powell, R.

R. Powell, Physics of Solid-State Laser Materials (American Institute of Physics, New York, 1998).

Pruvost, J. A.

A. K. Mohamed, J. A. Pruvost, I. Ribert, M. Lefebvre, E. Rosencher, D. J. Binks, “Laser diode injected intervacity-double Ti:sapphire laser for single-mode tunable UV sources,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 37, 290–295 (2001).
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Pye, J. M.

J. M. Pye, “Impact of ozone on the growth and yield of trees—a review,” J. Environ. Qual. 17, 347–360 (1988).
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Rawlings, J. O.

W. W. Heck, W. W. Cure, J. O. Rawlings, L. J. Zaragoza, A. S. Heagle, H. E. Heggestad, R. J. Kohut, W. Lance, P. Temple, “Assessing impacts of ozone on agriculture crops: overview,” J. Air Pollut. Control Assoc. 34, 725–735 (1984).

Raymond, T. D.

Ribert, I.

A. K. Mohamed, J. A. Pruvost, I. Ribert, M. Lefebvre, E. Rosencher, D. J. Binks, “Laser diode injected intervacity-double Ti:sapphire laser for single-mode tunable UV sources,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 37, 290–295 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Rines, G. A.

G. A. Rines, H. H. Zenzie, R. A. Schwarz, Y. Isyanova, P. F. Moulton, “Nonlinear conversion of Ti:sapphire laser wavelengths,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 1, 50–57 (1995).
[CrossRef]

G. A. Rines, P. F. Moulton, “Performance of gain-switched Ti:Al2O3 unstable-resonator laser,” Opt. Lett. 15, 434–436 (1990).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

N. D. Finkelstein, W. R. Lempert, R. B. Miles, A. Finsh, G. A. Rines, “Cavity locked, injection seeded, titanium:sapphire laser and application to ultraviolet flow diagnostics,” paper AIAA 96-0177, presented at the Thirty-Fourth Aerospace Science Meeting and Exhibit, Reno, Nev., 15–18 January 1996 (American Institute of Aeronautics and Astronautics, Reston, Va., 1996).

G. A. Rines, P. F. Moulton, J. Harrison, “Solid state laser,” U.S. patent5,235,605 (10August1993).

Rosencher, E.

A. K. Mohamed, J. A. Pruvost, I. Ribert, M. Lefebvre, E. Rosencher, D. J. Binks, “Laser diode injected intervacity-double Ti:sapphire laser for single-mode tunable UV sources,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 37, 290–295 (2001).
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F. Salin, J. Squier, “Gain guiding in solid-state lasers,” Opt. Lett. 17, 1352–1354 (1992).
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F. Salin, F. Estable, E. Mottay, L. Brunel, “High-power, gain guided Ti:AL2O3 laser: theory and experiment,” in Advanced Solid-State Lasers, A. A. Pinto, T. Y. Fan, eds., Vol. 15 of OSA Trends in Optics and Photonics Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1993), p. 294.

Sanchez, A.

K. F. Wall, A. Sanchez, “Titanium sapphire lasers,” Lincoln Lab. J. 3, 447–462 (1990).

Schwarz, R. A.

G. A. Rines, H. H. Zenzie, R. A. Schwarz, Y. Isyanova, P. F. Moulton, “Nonlinear conversion of Ti:sapphire laser wavelengths,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 1, 50–57 (1995).
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Skripko, G. A.

Smith, V.

Squier, J.

Steele, T. R.

Sun, Z.

S. Lin, Z. Sun, B. Wu, C. Chen, “The nonlinear optical characteristics of LiB3O5 crystal,” J. Appl. Phys. 67, 634–638 (1990).
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Tarazevich, I. G.

Temple, P.

W. W. Heck, W. W. Cure, J. O. Rawlings, L. J. Zaragoza, A. S. Heagle, H. E. Heggestad, R. J. Kohut, W. Lance, P. Temple, “Assessing impacts of ozone on agriculture crops: overview,” J. Air Pollut. Control Assoc. 34, 725–735 (1984).

Velsko, S. P.

S. P. Velsko, M. Webb, L. Davis, C. Huang, “Phase-matched harmonic generation in lithium triborate (LBO),” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 27, 2182–2192 (1991).
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W. G. Wagner, B. A. Lengyel, “Evolution of the giant pulse in a laser,” J. Appl. Phys. 34, 2040–2046 (1963).
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Wall, K. F.

K. F. Wall, A. Sanchez, “Titanium sapphire lasers,” Lincoln Lab. J. 3, 447–462 (1990).

Wallace, R. W.

Wang, L. G.

J. C. Barnes, W. C. Edwards, L. B. Petway, L. G. Wang, “NASA lidar atmospheric sensing experiment’s titanium-doped sapphire tunable laser system,” in Optical Remote Sensing of the Atmosphere, Vol. 5 of 1993 OSA Technical Digest Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1993), pp. 459–565.

Webb, M.

S. P. Velsko, M. Webb, L. Davis, C. Huang, “Phase-matched harmonic generation in lithium triborate (LBO),” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 27, 2182–2192 (1991).
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Wu, B.

S. Lin, Z. Sun, B. Wu, C. Chen, “The nonlinear optical characteristics of LiB3O5 crystal,” J. Appl. Phys. 67, 634–638 (1990).
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Yu. Dergachev, A.

A. Yu. Dergachev, B. Pati, P. F. Moultin, “Efficient third-harmonic generation with a Ti:sapphire laser,” in Advanced Solid-State Lasers, M. M. Fejer, H. Injeyan, U. Keller, eds., Vol. 26 of OSA Trends in Optics and Photonics Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1999), pp. 96–99.

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M. E. Innocenzi, H. T. Yura, C. L. Fincher, R. A. Fields, “Thermal modeling of continuous-wave end-pumped solid-state laser,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 56, 1831–1833 (1990).
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W. W. Heck, W. W. Cure, J. O. Rawlings, L. J. Zaragoza, A. S. Heagle, H. E. Heggestad, R. J. Kohut, W. Lance, P. Temple, “Assessing impacts of ozone on agriculture crops: overview,” J. Air Pollut. Control Assoc. 34, 725–735 (1984).

Zenzie, H. H.

G. A. Rines, H. H. Zenzie, R. A. Schwarz, Y. Isyanova, P. F. Moulton, “Nonlinear conversion of Ti:sapphire laser wavelengths,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 1, 50–57 (1995).
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Appl. Phys. Lett. (1)

M. E. Innocenzi, H. T. Yura, C. L. Fincher, R. A. Fields, “Thermal modeling of continuous-wave end-pumped solid-state laser,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 56, 1831–1833 (1990).
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J. M. Eggleston, L. G. DeShazer, K. W. Kangas, “Characteristics and kinetics of laser-pumped Ti:Sapphire oscillators,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. QE-24, 1009–1015 (1988).
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J. J. Degnan, “Theory of the optimally coupled Q-switched laser,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 25, 214–220 (1989).
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P. Lacovara, L. Esterowitz, M. Kokta, “Growth, spectroscopy, and lasing of titanium-doped sapphire,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. QE-21, 1614–1618 (1985).
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A. K. Mohamed, J. A. Pruvost, I. Ribert, M. Lefebvre, E. Rosencher, D. J. Binks, “Laser diode injected intervacity-double Ti:sapphire laser for single-mode tunable UV sources,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 37, 290–295 (2001).
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N. P. Barnes, J. C. Barnes, “Injection seeding. I. Theory,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 29, 2670–2683 (1993).
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S. P. Velsko, M. Webb, L. Davis, C. Huang, “Phase-matched harmonic generation in lithium triborate (LBO),” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 27, 2182–2192 (1991).
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IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. (1)

G. A. Rines, H. H. Zenzie, R. A. Schwarz, Y. Isyanova, P. F. Moulton, “Nonlinear conversion of Ti:sapphire laser wavelengths,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 1, 50–57 (1995).
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R. M. Adams, S. A. Hamilton, B. A. McCarl, “An assessment of economic effect of ozone on U.S. agriculture,” J. Air Pollut. Control Assoc. 35, 938–943 (1985).
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W. W. Heck, W. W. Cure, J. O. Rawlings, L. J. Zaragoza, A. S. Heagle, H. E. Heggestad, R. J. Kohut, W. Lance, P. Temple, “Assessing impacts of ozone on agriculture crops: overview,” J. Air Pollut. Control Assoc. 34, 725–735 (1984).

M. Lippmann, “Health effects of ozone: critical review,” J. Air Pollut. Control Assoc. 39, 672–695 (1989).

J. Appl. Phys. (2)

S. Lin, Z. Sun, B. Wu, C. Chen, “The nonlinear optical characteristics of LiB3O5 crystal,” J. Appl. Phys. 67, 634–638 (1990).
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W. G. Wagner, B. A. Lengyel, “Evolution of the giant pulse in a laser,” J. Appl. Phys. 34, 2040–2046 (1963).
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J. Environ. Qual. (1)

J. M. Pye, “Impact of ozone on the growth and yield of trees—a review,” J. Environ. Qual. 17, 347–360 (1988).
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J. Mod. Opt. (1)

D. J. Binks, P. S. Golding, T. A. King, “Compact all-solid-state high repetition rate tunable ultraviolet source for airborne atmospheric gas sensing,” J. Mod. Opt. 47, 1899–1912 (2000).

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D. B. Coyle, D. V. Guerra, R. B. Kay, “An interactive numerical model of diode-pumped, Q-switched/cavity-dumped lasers,” J. Phys. D 28, 452–462 (1995).
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K. F. Wall, A. Sanchez, “Titanium sapphire lasers,” Lincoln Lab. J. 3, 447–462 (1990).

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G. F. Albercht, J. M. Eggleston, J. J. Ewing, “Measurements of Ti3+:Al2O3 as a lasing material,” Opt. Commun. 52, 401–404 (1985).
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Other (10)

R. Powell, Physics of Solid-State Laser Materials (American Institute of Physics, New York, 1998).

G. A. Rines, P. F. Moulton, J. Harrison, “Solid state laser,” U.S. patent5,235,605 (10August1993).

F. Salin, F. Estable, E. Mottay, L. Brunel, “High-power, gain guided Ti:AL2O3 laser: theory and experiment,” in Advanced Solid-State Lasers, A. A. Pinto, T. Y. Fan, eds., Vol. 15 of OSA Trends in Optics and Photonics Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1993), p. 294.

S. Goldschmidt, R. J. DeYoung, “An ozone differential absorption lidar (DIAL) receiver system for use on unpiloted atmospheric vehicles,” NASA Tech. Rep. NASA/TM-1999-209716 (National Aeronautics and Space Administration, Washington, D.C., 1999).

World Meteorological Organization, Scientific Assessment of Ozone Depletion: 1994, WHO Global Ozone Research and Monitoring Project, Rep. 37, Geneva, Switzerland, 1995 ( http://www.al.noaa.gov/wwwHD/Pubdocs/Assessment94/authors.html) .

N. D. Finkelstein, W. R. Lempert, R. B. Miles, A. Finsh, G. A. Rines, “Cavity locked, injection seeded, titanium:sapphire laser and application to ultraviolet flow diagnostics,” paper AIAA 96-0177, presented at the Thirty-Fourth Aerospace Science Meeting and Exhibit, Reno, Nev., 15–18 January 1996 (American Institute of Aeronautics and Astronautics, Reston, Va., 1996).

W. Marsh, National Aeronautics and Space Administration Langley Research Center, Hampton, Va. (personal communication, xxxx).

A. Yu. Dergachev, B. Pati, P. F. Moultin, “Efficient third-harmonic generation with a Ti:sapphire laser,” in Advanced Solid-State Lasers, M. M. Fejer, H. Injeyan, U. Keller, eds., Vol. 26 of OSA Trends in Optics and Photonics Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1999), pp. 96–99.

J. C. Barnes, “Solid state laser technology development for atmospheric sensing applications,” in Digest of the 19th International Laser Radar Conference (ILRC), U. N. Singh, S. Ismail, G. K. Schwemmer, eds. (National Aeronautics and Space Administration, Washington, D.C., 1998), pp. 619–622.

J. C. Barnes, W. C. Edwards, L. B. Petway, L. G. Wang, “NASA lidar atmospheric sensing experiment’s titanium-doped sapphire tunable laser system,” in Optical Remote Sensing of the Atmosphere, Vol. 5 of 1993 OSA Technical Digest Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1993), pp. 459–565.

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