Abstract

Laser-induced breakdown spectroscopy (LIBS) has been applied mainly to bulk analysis of solids, liquids, and gases and less frequently for elemental microanalysis of solid surfaces. A micro-LIBS device devoted to analysis of the distribution of elements on surfaces is described. This device offers rapid access with a 3-µm spatial resolution to the microchemical structures of both conductive and nonconductive samples. Quantitative microchemical results of applications to ceramics are reported. By the use of a time-resolved acquisition spectrum, cerium in a uranium matrix was characterized with a cerium detection limit of 1.14%. Calibration curves obtained with manipulations during 1 year facilitated evaluations of reproducibility and repeatability. A 2% single-shot repeatability with a calibration reproducibility of ∼7% is reported.

© 2003 Optical Society of America

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  47. R. Barbini, F. Colao, V. Lazic, R. Fantoni, A. Palucci, M. Angelone, “On board LIBS analysis of marine sediments collected during the XVI Italian campaign in Antarctica,” Spectrochim. Acta Part B 57, 1203–1218 (2002).
    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef]
  49. M. Tran, Q. Sun, B. W. Smith, J. D. Winefordner, “Determination of C:H:O:N ratios in solid organic compounds by laser-induced plasma spectroscopy,” J. Anal. At. Spectrom. 16, 628–632 (2001).
    [CrossRef]

2002

B. Charfi, M. A. Harith, “Panoramic laser-induced breakdown spectrometry of water,” Spectrochim. Acta Part B 57, 1141–1153 (2002).
[CrossRef]

P. Lucena, J. M. Vadillo, J. J. Laserna, “Spatial distribution of catalytically active elements and deactivants in diesel-engine automobile converters by laser-induced plasma spectroscopy,” J. Anal. At. Spectrom. 17, 548–551 (2002).
[CrossRef]

C. Fabre, M. C. Boiron, J. Dubessy, A. Chabiron, B. Charoy, T. M. Crespo, “Advances in lithium analysis in solids by means of laser-induced breakdown spectroscopy: an exploratory study,” Geochim. Cosmochim. Acta 66, 1401–1407 (2002).
[CrossRef]

C. Fabre, M. C. Boiron, J. Dubessy, M. Cathelineau, D. A. Banks, “Palaeofluid chemistry of a single fluid event: a bulk and in-situ multi-technique analysis (LIBS, Raman spectroscopy) of an Alpine fluid (Mont-Blanc),” Chem. Geol. 182, 249–264 (2002).
[CrossRef]

G. W. Rieger, M. Taschuk, Y. Y. Tsui, R. Fedosejevs, “Laser-induced breakdown spectroscopy for microanalysis using submillijoule UV laser pulses,” Appl. Spectrosc. 56, 689–698 (2002).
[CrossRef]

J. I. Yun, R. Klenze, J. I. Kim, “Laser-induced breakdown spectroscopy for the on-line multielement analysis of highly radioactive glass melt. I. Characterization and evaluation of the method,” Appl. Spectrosc. 56, 437–448 (2002).
[CrossRef]

J. E. Carranza, D. W. Hahn, “Sampling statistics and considerations for single-shot analysis using laser-induced breakdown spectroscopy,” Spectrochim. Acta Part B 57, 779–790 (2002).
[CrossRef]

D. Bulajic, M. Corsi, G. Cristoforetti, S. Legnaioli, V. Palleschi, A. Salvetti, E. Tognoni, “A procedure for correction self-absorption in calibration free-laser induced breakdown spectroscopy,” Spectrochim. Acta Part B 57, 339–353 (2002).
[CrossRef]

D. Bulajic, G. Cristoforetti, M. Corsi, M. Hidalgo, S. Legnaioli, V. Palleschi, A. Salvetti, E. Tognoni, S. Green, D. Bates, “Diagnostic of high-temperature steel pipes in industrial environment by laser-induced breakdown spectroscopy technique: the LIBSGRAIN project,” Spectrochim. Acta Part B 57, 1181–1192 (2002).
[CrossRef]

R. Barbini, F. Colao, V. Lazic, R. Fantoni, A. Palucci, M. Angelone, “On board LIBS analysis of marine sediments collected during the XVI Italian campaign in Antarctica,” Spectrochim. Acta Part B 57, 1203–1218 (2002).
[CrossRef]

2001

V. Lazic, R. Barbini, F. Colao, R. Fantoni, A. Palucci, “Self-absorption model in quantitative laser induced breakdown spectroscopy measurements on soils and sediments,” Spectrochim. Acta Part B 56, 807–820 (2001).
[CrossRef]

M. Tran, Q. Sun, B. W. Smith, J. D. Winefordner, “Determination of C:H:O:N ratios in solid organic compounds by laser-induced plasma spectroscopy,” J. Anal. At. Spectrom. 16, 628–632 (2001).
[CrossRef]

G. Galbacs, I. B. Gornushkin, B. W. Smith, J. D. Winefordner, “Semi-quantitative analysis of binary alloys using laser-induced breakdown spectroscopy and a new calibration approach based on linear correlation,” Spectrochim. Acta Part B 56, 1159–1173 (2001).
[CrossRef]

J. O. Caceres, J. Tornero Lopez, H. H. Telle, A. Gonzalez Urena, “Quantitative analysis of trace metal ions in ice using laser-induced breakdown spectroscopy,” Spectrochim. Acta Part B 56, 831–838 (2001).
[CrossRef]

B. T. Fisher, H. A. Johnsen, S. G. Buckley, D. W. Hahn, “Temporal gating for the optimisation of laser-induced breakdown spectroscopy detection and analysis of toxic metals,” Appl. Spectrosc. 55, 1312–1319 (2001).
[CrossRef]

P. Fichet, P. Mauchien, J. F. Wagner, C. Moulin, “Quantitative elemental determination in water and oil by laser induced breakdown spectroscopy,” Anal. Chim. Acta 429, 269–278 (2001).
[CrossRef]

P. Lucena, J. J. Laserna, “Three-dimensional distribution analysis of platinum, palladium and rhodium in auto catalytic converters using imaging-mode laser-induced breakdown spectrometry,” Spectrochim. Acta Part B 56, 177–185 (2001).
[CrossRef]

R. Noll, H. Bette, A. Brysh, M. Kraushaar, I. Mönch, L. Peter, V. Sturm, “Laser-induced breakdown spectrometry—applications for production control and quality assurance in the steel industry,” Spectrochim. Acta Part B 56, 637–650 (2001).
[CrossRef]

J. Gruber, J. Heitz, H. Strasser, D. Bäuerle, N. Ramaseder, “Rapid in-situ analysis of liquid steel by laser-induced breakdown spectroscopy,” Spectrochim. Acta Part B 56, 685–694 (2001).
[CrossRef]

L. Barrette, S. Turmel, “On-line iron-ore slurry monitoring for real-time process control of pellet making processes using laser-induced breakdown spectroscopy: graphitic vs. total carbon detection,” Spectrochim. Acta Part B 56, 715–724 (2001).
[CrossRef]

2000

I. B. Gornushkin, A. Ruiz-Medina, J. M. Anzano, B. W. Smith, J. D. Winefordner, “Identification of particulate materials by correlation analysis using a microscopic laser-induced breakdown spectrometer,” J. Anal. At. Spectrom. 15, 581–586 (2000).
[CrossRef]

D. Kossakovski, J. L. Beauchamp, “Topographical and chemical microanalysis of surfaces with a scanning probe microscope and laser-induced breakdown spectroscopy,” Anal. Chem. 72, 4731–4737 (2000).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

1999

I. B. Gornushkin, B. W. Smith, H. Nasajpour, J. D. Winefordner, “Identification of solid materials by correlation analysis using a microscopic laser-induced plasma spectrometer,” Anal. Chem. 71, 5157–5164 (1999).
[CrossRef]

P. Fichet, P. Mauchien, C. Moulin, “Determination of impurities in uranium and plutonium dioxides by laser-induced breakdown spectroscopy,” Appl. Spectrosc. 53, 1111–1117 (1999).
[CrossRef]

B. Sallé, C. Chaléard, V. Detalle, J. L. Lacour, P. Mauchien, C. Nouvellon, A. Semerok, “Laser ablation efficiency of metal samples with UV laser nanosecond pulses,” Appl. Surf. Sci. 138–139, 302–305 (1999).
[CrossRef]

I. B. Gornushkin, B. W. Smith, G. E. Potts, N. Omenetto, J. D. Winefordner, “Some consideration on the correlation between signal and background in laser-induced breakdown spectroscopy using single-shot analysis,” Anal. Chem. 71, 5447–5449 (1999).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

1998

B. C. Castle, K. Talabardon, B. W. Smith, J. D. Winefordner, “Variables influencing the precision of laser-induced breakdown spectroscopy measurements,” Appl. Spectrosc. 52, 649–657 (1998).
[CrossRef]

U. Panne, C. Haisch, M. Clara, R. Niessner, “Analysis of glass and glass melts during the vitrification process of fly and bottom ashes by laser-induced plasma spectroscopy. I. Normalization and plasma diagnostics,” Spectrochim. Acta Part B 53, 1957–1968 (1998).
[CrossRef]

L. Dudragne, Ph. Adam, J. Amouroux, “Time-resolved laser-induced breakdown spectroscopy: application for qualitative detection of fluorine, chlorine, sulfur and carbon in air,” Appl. Spectrosc. 52, 1321–1327 (1998).
[CrossRef]

T. Kim, C. T. Lin, Y. Yoon, “Compositional mapping by laser-induced breakdown spectroscopy,” J. Phys. Chem. B 102, 4284–4287 (1998).
[CrossRef]

D. Romero, J. J. Laserna, “Surface and tomographic distribution of carbon impurities in photonic-grade silicon using laser-induced breakdown spectrometry,” J. Anal. At. Spectrom. 13, 557–560 (1998).
[CrossRef]

1997

K. Song, Y. I. Lee, J. Sneddon, “Applications of laser-induced breakdown spectrometry,” Appl. Spectrosc. Rev. 32, 183–235 (1997).
[CrossRef]

1996

J. M. Vadillo, S. Palanco, M. D. Romero, J. J. Laserna, “Applications of laser-induced breakdown spectrometry (LIBS) in surface analysis,” Fresenius J. Anal. Chem. 255, 909–912 (1996).

C. Geertsen, J. L. Lacour, P. Mauchien, L. Pierrard, “Evaluation of laser optical emission spectrometry for microanalysis in aluminium samples,” Spectrochim. Acta Part B 51, 1403–1416 (1996).
[CrossRef]

1995

1994

N. André, C. Geertsen, J. L. Lacour, P. Mauchien, S. Sjöström, “UV laser optical emission spectrometry on aluminum alloys in air at atmospheric pressure,” Spectrochim. Acta Part B 49, 1363–1372 (1994).
[CrossRef]

1993

S. A. Darke, J. F. Tyson, “Interaction of laser radiation with solid materials and its significance to analytical spectrometry,” J. Anal. At. Spectrom. 8, 145–209 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Adam, Ph.

L. Dudragne, Ph. Adam, J. Amouroux, “Time-resolved laser-induced breakdown spectroscopy: application for qualitative detection of fluorine, chlorine, sulfur and carbon in air,” Appl. Spectrosc. 52, 1321–1327 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Amouroux, J.

L. Dudragne, Ph. Adam, J. Amouroux, “Time-resolved laser-induced breakdown spectroscopy: application for qualitative detection of fluorine, chlorine, sulfur and carbon in air,” Appl. Spectrosc. 52, 1321–1327 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Andre, N.

N. Andre, P. Mauchien, A. Semerok, “Process for elemental analysis by optical emission spectrometry on plasma produced by a laser in the presence of argon,” U.S. patent5,583,634 (10December1996).

André, N.

N. André, C. Geertsen, J. L. Lacour, P. Mauchien, S. Sjöström, “UV laser optical emission spectrometry on aluminum alloys in air at atmospheric pressure,” Spectrochim. Acta Part B 49, 1363–1372 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Angelone, M.

R. Barbini, F. Colao, V. Lazic, R. Fantoni, A. Palucci, M. Angelone, “On board LIBS analysis of marine sediments collected during the XVI Italian campaign in Antarctica,” Spectrochim. Acta Part B 57, 1203–1218 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Anzano, J. M.

I. B. Gornushkin, A. Ruiz-Medina, J. M. Anzano, B. W. Smith, J. D. Winefordner, “Identification of particulate materials by correlation analysis using a microscopic laser-induced breakdown spectrometer,” J. Anal. At. Spectrom. 15, 581–586 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Banks, D. A.

C. Fabre, M. C. Boiron, J. Dubessy, M. Cathelineau, D. A. Banks, “Palaeofluid chemistry of a single fluid event: a bulk and in-situ multi-technique analysis (LIBS, Raman spectroscopy) of an Alpine fluid (Mont-Blanc),” Chem. Geol. 182, 249–264 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Barbini, R.

R. Barbini, F. Colao, V. Lazic, R. Fantoni, A. Palucci, M. Angelone, “On board LIBS analysis of marine sediments collected during the XVI Italian campaign in Antarctica,” Spectrochim. Acta Part B 57, 1203–1218 (2002).
[CrossRef]

V. Lazic, R. Barbini, F. Colao, R. Fantoni, A. Palucci, “Self-absorption model in quantitative laser induced breakdown spectroscopy measurements on soils and sediments,” Spectrochim. Acta Part B 56, 807–820 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Barrette, L.

L. Barrette, S. Turmel, “On-line iron-ore slurry monitoring for real-time process control of pellet making processes using laser-induced breakdown spectroscopy: graphitic vs. total carbon detection,” Spectrochim. Acta Part B 56, 715–724 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Bates, D.

D. Bulajic, G. Cristoforetti, M. Corsi, M. Hidalgo, S. Legnaioli, V. Palleschi, A. Salvetti, E. Tognoni, S. Green, D. Bates, “Diagnostic of high-temperature steel pipes in industrial environment by laser-induced breakdown spectroscopy technique: the LIBSGRAIN project,” Spectrochim. Acta Part B 57, 1181–1192 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Bäuerle, D.

J. Gruber, J. Heitz, H. Strasser, D. Bäuerle, N. Ramaseder, “Rapid in-situ analysis of liquid steel by laser-induced breakdown spectroscopy,” Spectrochim. Acta Part B 56, 685–694 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Beauchamp, J. L.

D. Kossakovski, J. L. Beauchamp, “Topographical and chemical microanalysis of surfaces with a scanning probe microscope and laser-induced breakdown spectroscopy,” Anal. Chem. 72, 4731–4737 (2000).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Bette, H.

R. Noll, H. Bette, A. Brysh, M. Kraushaar, I. Mönch, L. Peter, V. Sturm, “Laser-induced breakdown spectrometry—applications for production control and quality assurance in the steel industry,” Spectrochim. Acta Part B 56, 637–650 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Boiron, M. C.

C. Fabre, M. C. Boiron, J. Dubessy, A. Chabiron, B. Charoy, T. M. Crespo, “Advances in lithium analysis in solids by means of laser-induced breakdown spectroscopy: an exploratory study,” Geochim. Cosmochim. Acta 66, 1401–1407 (2002).
[CrossRef]

C. Fabre, M. C. Boiron, J. Dubessy, M. Cathelineau, D. A. Banks, “Palaeofluid chemistry of a single fluid event: a bulk and in-situ multi-technique analysis (LIBS, Raman spectroscopy) of an Alpine fluid (Mont-Blanc),” Chem. Geol. 182, 249–264 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Brysh, A.

R. Noll, H. Bette, A. Brysh, M. Kraushaar, I. Mönch, L. Peter, V. Sturm, “Laser-induced breakdown spectrometry—applications for production control and quality assurance in the steel industry,” Spectrochim. Acta Part B 56, 637–650 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Buckley, S. G.

Bulajic, D.

D. Bulajic, M. Corsi, G. Cristoforetti, S. Legnaioli, V. Palleschi, A. Salvetti, E. Tognoni, “A procedure for correction self-absorption in calibration free-laser induced breakdown spectroscopy,” Spectrochim. Acta Part B 57, 339–353 (2002).
[CrossRef]

D. Bulajic, G. Cristoforetti, M. Corsi, M. Hidalgo, S. Legnaioli, V. Palleschi, A. Salvetti, E. Tognoni, S. Green, D. Bates, “Diagnostic of high-temperature steel pipes in industrial environment by laser-induced breakdown spectroscopy technique: the LIBSGRAIN project,” Spectrochim. Acta Part B 57, 1181–1192 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Caceres, J. O.

J. O. Caceres, J. Tornero Lopez, H. H. Telle, A. Gonzalez Urena, “Quantitative analysis of trace metal ions in ice using laser-induced breakdown spectroscopy,” Spectrochim. Acta Part B 56, 831–838 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Carranza, J. E.

J. E. Carranza, D. W. Hahn, “Sampling statistics and considerations for single-shot analysis using laser-induced breakdown spectroscopy,” Spectrochim. Acta Part B 57, 779–790 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Castle, B. C.

Cathelineau, M.

C. Fabre, M. C. Boiron, J. Dubessy, M. Cathelineau, D. A. Banks, “Palaeofluid chemistry of a single fluid event: a bulk and in-situ multi-technique analysis (LIBS, Raman spectroscopy) of an Alpine fluid (Mont-Blanc),” Chem. Geol. 182, 249–264 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Chabiron, A.

C. Fabre, M. C. Boiron, J. Dubessy, A. Chabiron, B. Charoy, T. M. Crespo, “Advances in lithium analysis in solids by means of laser-induced breakdown spectroscopy: an exploratory study,” Geochim. Cosmochim. Acta 66, 1401–1407 (2002).
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B. Sallé, C. Chaléard, V. Detalle, J. L. Lacour, P. Mauchien, C. Nouvellon, A. Semerok, “Laser ablation efficiency of metal samples with UV laser nanosecond pulses,” Appl. Surf. Sci. 138–139, 302–305 (1999).
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B. Charfi, M. A. Harith, “Panoramic laser-induced breakdown spectrometry of water,” Spectrochim. Acta Part B 57, 1141–1153 (2002).
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C. Fabre, M. C. Boiron, J. Dubessy, A. Chabiron, B. Charoy, T. M. Crespo, “Advances in lithium analysis in solids by means of laser-induced breakdown spectroscopy: an exploratory study,” Geochim. Cosmochim. Acta 66, 1401–1407 (2002).
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U. Panne, C. Haisch, M. Clara, R. Niessner, “Analysis of glass and glass melts during the vitrification process of fly and bottom ashes by laser-induced plasma spectroscopy. I. Normalization and plasma diagnostics,” Spectrochim. Acta Part B 53, 1957–1968 (1998).
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R. Barbini, F. Colao, V. Lazic, R. Fantoni, A. Palucci, M. Angelone, “On board LIBS analysis of marine sediments collected during the XVI Italian campaign in Antarctica,” Spectrochim. Acta Part B 57, 1203–1218 (2002).
[CrossRef]

V. Lazic, R. Barbini, F. Colao, R. Fantoni, A. Palucci, “Self-absorption model in quantitative laser induced breakdown spectroscopy measurements on soils and sediments,” Spectrochim. Acta Part B 56, 807–820 (2001).
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D. Bulajic, G. Cristoforetti, M. Corsi, M. Hidalgo, S. Legnaioli, V. Palleschi, A. Salvetti, E. Tognoni, S. Green, D. Bates, “Diagnostic of high-temperature steel pipes in industrial environment by laser-induced breakdown spectroscopy technique: the LIBSGRAIN project,” Spectrochim. Acta Part B 57, 1181–1192 (2002).
[CrossRef]

D. Bulajic, M. Corsi, G. Cristoforetti, S. Legnaioli, V. Palleschi, A. Salvetti, E. Tognoni, “A procedure for correction self-absorption in calibration free-laser induced breakdown spectroscopy,” Spectrochim. Acta Part B 57, 339–353 (2002).
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L. S. Radziemski, D. A. Cremers, Laser-Induced Plasmas and Applications (Marcel Dekker, New York, 1989).

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C. Fabre, M. C. Boiron, J. Dubessy, A. Chabiron, B. Charoy, T. M. Crespo, “Advances in lithium analysis in solids by means of laser-induced breakdown spectroscopy: an exploratory study,” Geochim. Cosmochim. Acta 66, 1401–1407 (2002).
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D. Bulajic, G. Cristoforetti, M. Corsi, M. Hidalgo, S. Legnaioli, V. Palleschi, A. Salvetti, E. Tognoni, S. Green, D. Bates, “Diagnostic of high-temperature steel pipes in industrial environment by laser-induced breakdown spectroscopy technique: the LIBSGRAIN project,” Spectrochim. Acta Part B 57, 1181–1192 (2002).
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D. Bulajic, M. Corsi, G. Cristoforetti, S. Legnaioli, V. Palleschi, A. Salvetti, E. Tognoni, “A procedure for correction self-absorption in calibration free-laser induced breakdown spectroscopy,” Spectrochim. Acta Part B 57, 339–353 (2002).
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B. Sallé, C. Chaléard, V. Detalle, J. L. Lacour, P. Mauchien, C. Nouvellon, A. Semerok, “Laser ablation efficiency of metal samples with UV laser nanosecond pulses,” Appl. Surf. Sci. 138–139, 302–305 (1999).
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J. L. Lacour, V. Detalle, P. Mauchien, J. F. Wagner, “Elementary analysis device by optical emission spectrometry on laser produced plasma,” European patent00978635.5-2204 (10October2001).

V. Detalle, “Analyse de l’homogénéité du combustible nucléaire MOX par spectrométrie d’emission optique sur plasma induit par laser (SEPIL),” Ph.D. dissertation (Claude Bernard-Lyon I-University, Lyon, France, 1999).

Dubessy, J.

C. Fabre, M. C. Boiron, J. Dubessy, M. Cathelineau, D. A. Banks, “Palaeofluid chemistry of a single fluid event: a bulk and in-situ multi-technique analysis (LIBS, Raman spectroscopy) of an Alpine fluid (Mont-Blanc),” Chem. Geol. 182, 249–264 (2002).
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C. Fabre, M. C. Boiron, J. Dubessy, A. Chabiron, B. Charoy, T. M. Crespo, “Advances in lithium analysis in solids by means of laser-induced breakdown spectroscopy: an exploratory study,” Geochim. Cosmochim. Acta 66, 1401–1407 (2002).
[CrossRef]

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L. Dudragne, Ph. Adam, J. Amouroux, “Time-resolved laser-induced breakdown spectroscopy: application for qualitative detection of fluorine, chlorine, sulfur and carbon in air,” Appl. Spectrosc. 52, 1321–1327 (1998).
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C. Fabre, M. C. Boiron, J. Dubessy, M. Cathelineau, D. A. Banks, “Palaeofluid chemistry of a single fluid event: a bulk and in-situ multi-technique analysis (LIBS, Raman spectroscopy) of an Alpine fluid (Mont-Blanc),” Chem. Geol. 182, 249–264 (2002).
[CrossRef]

C. Fabre, M. C. Boiron, J. Dubessy, A. Chabiron, B. Charoy, T. M. Crespo, “Advances in lithium analysis in solids by means of laser-induced breakdown spectroscopy: an exploratory study,” Geochim. Cosmochim. Acta 66, 1401–1407 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Fantoni, R.

R. Barbini, F. Colao, V. Lazic, R. Fantoni, A. Palucci, M. Angelone, “On board LIBS analysis of marine sediments collected during the XVI Italian campaign in Antarctica,” Spectrochim. Acta Part B 57, 1203–1218 (2002).
[CrossRef]

V. Lazic, R. Barbini, F. Colao, R. Fantoni, A. Palucci, “Self-absorption model in quantitative laser induced breakdown spectroscopy measurements on soils and sediments,” Spectrochim. Acta Part B 56, 807–820 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Fedosejevs, R.

Fichet, P.

P. Fichet, P. Mauchien, J. F. Wagner, C. Moulin, “Quantitative elemental determination in water and oil by laser induced breakdown spectroscopy,” Anal. Chim. Acta 429, 269–278 (2001).
[CrossRef]

P. Fichet, P. Mauchien, C. Moulin, “Determination of impurities in uranium and plutonium dioxides by laser-induced breakdown spectroscopy,” Appl. Spectrosc. 53, 1111–1117 (1999).
[CrossRef]

D. Menut, Ph. Le Coustumer, J. L. Lacour, P. Fichet, A. Rivoallan, “Analysis of alluvial soils for environment survey by micro LIBS (µLIBS),” in Laser Induced Plasma, Vol. 81 of OSA Trends in Optics and Photonics Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 2002), pp. 93–95.

Fisher, B. T.

Galbacs, G.

G. Galbacs, I. B. Gornushkin, B. W. Smith, J. D. Winefordner, “Semi-quantitative analysis of binary alloys using laser-induced breakdown spectroscopy and a new calibration approach based on linear correlation,” Spectrochim. Acta Part B 56, 1159–1173 (2001).
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C. Geertsen, J. L. Lacour, P. Mauchien, L. Pierrard, “Evaluation of laser optical emission spectrometry for microanalysis in aluminium samples,” Spectrochim. Acta Part B 51, 1403–1416 (1996).
[CrossRef]

N. André, C. Geertsen, J. L. Lacour, P. Mauchien, S. Sjöström, “UV laser optical emission spectrometry on aluminum alloys in air at atmospheric pressure,” Spectrochim. Acta Part B 49, 1363–1372 (1994).
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Gonzalez Urena, A.

J. O. Caceres, J. Tornero Lopez, H. H. Telle, A. Gonzalez Urena, “Quantitative analysis of trace metal ions in ice using laser-induced breakdown spectroscopy,” Spectrochim. Acta Part B 56, 831–838 (2001).
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G. Galbacs, I. B. Gornushkin, B. W. Smith, J. D. Winefordner, “Semi-quantitative analysis of binary alloys using laser-induced breakdown spectroscopy and a new calibration approach based on linear correlation,” Spectrochim. Acta Part B 56, 1159–1173 (2001).
[CrossRef]

I. B. Gornushkin, A. Ruiz-Medina, J. M. Anzano, B. W. Smith, J. D. Winefordner, “Identification of particulate materials by correlation analysis using a microscopic laser-induced breakdown spectrometer,” J. Anal. At. Spectrom. 15, 581–586 (2000).
[CrossRef]

I. B. Gornushkin, B. W. Smith, H. Nasajpour, J. D. Winefordner, “Identification of solid materials by correlation analysis using a microscopic laser-induced plasma spectrometer,” Anal. Chem. 71, 5157–5164 (1999).
[CrossRef]

I. B. Gornushkin, B. W. Smith, G. E. Potts, N. Omenetto, J. D. Winefordner, “Some consideration on the correlation between signal and background in laser-induced breakdown spectroscopy using single-shot analysis,” Anal. Chem. 71, 5447–5449 (1999).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Green, S.

D. Bulajic, G. Cristoforetti, M. Corsi, M. Hidalgo, S. Legnaioli, V. Palleschi, A. Salvetti, E. Tognoni, S. Green, D. Bates, “Diagnostic of high-temperature steel pipes in industrial environment by laser-induced breakdown spectroscopy technique: the LIBSGRAIN project,” Spectrochim. Acta Part B 57, 1181–1192 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Gruber, J.

J. Gruber, J. Heitz, H. Strasser, D. Bäuerle, N. Ramaseder, “Rapid in-situ analysis of liquid steel by laser-induced breakdown spectroscopy,” Spectrochim. Acta Part B 56, 685–694 (2001).
[CrossRef]

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J. E. Carranza, D. W. Hahn, “Sampling statistics and considerations for single-shot analysis using laser-induced breakdown spectroscopy,” Spectrochim. Acta Part B 57, 779–790 (2002).
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B. T. Fisher, H. A. Johnsen, S. G. Buckley, D. W. Hahn, “Temporal gating for the optimisation of laser-induced breakdown spectroscopy detection and analysis of toxic metals,” Appl. Spectrosc. 55, 1312–1319 (2001).
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U. Panne, C. Haisch, M. Clara, R. Niessner, “Analysis of glass and glass melts during the vitrification process of fly and bottom ashes by laser-induced plasma spectroscopy. I. Normalization and plasma diagnostics,” Spectrochim. Acta Part B 53, 1957–1968 (1998).
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Häkkänen, H. J.

H. J. Häkkänen, J. E. I. Korppi-Tommola, “UV-laser plasma study of elemental distribution of paper coatings,” Appl. Spectrosc. 49, 1721–1728 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Harith, M. A.

B. Charfi, M. A. Harith, “Panoramic laser-induced breakdown spectrometry of water,” Spectrochim. Acta Part B 57, 1141–1153 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Heitz, J.

J. Gruber, J. Heitz, H. Strasser, D. Bäuerle, N. Ramaseder, “Rapid in-situ analysis of liquid steel by laser-induced breakdown spectroscopy,” Spectrochim. Acta Part B 56, 685–694 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Hidalgo, M.

D. Bulajic, G. Cristoforetti, M. Corsi, M. Hidalgo, S. Legnaioli, V. Palleschi, A. Salvetti, E. Tognoni, S. Green, D. Bates, “Diagnostic of high-temperature steel pipes in industrial environment by laser-induced breakdown spectroscopy technique: the LIBSGRAIN project,” Spectrochim. Acta Part B 57, 1181–1192 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Johnsen, H. A.

Kim, J. I.

Kim, T.

T. Kim, C. T. Lin, Y. Yoon, “Compositional mapping by laser-induced breakdown spectroscopy,” J. Phys. Chem. B 102, 4284–4287 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Klenze, R.

Korppi-Tommola, J. E. I.

H. J. Häkkänen, J. E. I. Korppi-Tommola, “UV-laser plasma study of elemental distribution of paper coatings,” Appl. Spectrosc. 49, 1721–1728 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Kossakovski, D.

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[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Kraushaar, M.

R. Noll, H. Bette, A. Brysh, M. Kraushaar, I. Mönch, L. Peter, V. Sturm, “Laser-induced breakdown spectrometry—applications for production control and quality assurance in the steel industry,” Spectrochim. Acta Part B 56, 637–650 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Lacour, J. L.

B. Sallé, C. Chaléard, V. Detalle, J. L. Lacour, P. Mauchien, C. Nouvellon, A. Semerok, “Laser ablation efficiency of metal samples with UV laser nanosecond pulses,” Appl. Surf. Sci. 138–139, 302–305 (1999).
[CrossRef]

C. Geertsen, J. L. Lacour, P. Mauchien, L. Pierrard, “Evaluation of laser optical emission spectrometry for microanalysis in aluminium samples,” Spectrochim. Acta Part B 51, 1403–1416 (1996).
[CrossRef]

N. André, C. Geertsen, J. L. Lacour, P. Mauchien, S. Sjöström, “UV laser optical emission spectrometry on aluminum alloys in air at atmospheric pressure,” Spectrochim. Acta Part B 49, 1363–1372 (1994).
[CrossRef]

J. L. Lacour, V. Detalle, P. Mauchien, J. F. Wagner, “Elementary analysis device by optical emission spectrometry on laser produced plasma,” European patent00978635.5-2204 (10October2001).

D. Menut, Ph. Le Coustumer, J. L. Lacour, P. Fichet, A. Rivoallan, “Analysis of alluvial soils for environment survey by micro LIBS (µLIBS),” in Laser Induced Plasma, Vol. 81 of OSA Trends in Optics and Photonics Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 2002), pp. 93–95.

Laserna, J. J.

P. Lucena, J. M. Vadillo, J. J. Laserna, “Spatial distribution of catalytically active elements and deactivants in diesel-engine automobile converters by laser-induced plasma spectroscopy,” J. Anal. At. Spectrom. 17, 548–551 (2002).
[CrossRef]

P. Lucena, J. J. Laserna, “Three-dimensional distribution analysis of platinum, palladium and rhodium in auto catalytic converters using imaging-mode laser-induced breakdown spectrometry,” Spectrochim. Acta Part B 56, 177–185 (2001).
[CrossRef]

D. Romero, J. J. Laserna, “Surface and tomographic distribution of carbon impurities in photonic-grade silicon using laser-induced breakdown spectrometry,” J. Anal. At. Spectrom. 13, 557–560 (1998).
[CrossRef]

J. M. Vadillo, S. Palanco, M. D. Romero, J. J. Laserna, “Applications of laser-induced breakdown spectrometry (LIBS) in surface analysis,” Fresenius J. Anal. Chem. 255, 909–912 (1996).

Lazic, V.

R. Barbini, F. Colao, V. Lazic, R. Fantoni, A. Palucci, M. Angelone, “On board LIBS analysis of marine sediments collected during the XVI Italian campaign in Antarctica,” Spectrochim. Acta Part B 57, 1203–1218 (2002).
[CrossRef]

V. Lazic, R. Barbini, F. Colao, R. Fantoni, A. Palucci, “Self-absorption model in quantitative laser induced breakdown spectroscopy measurements on soils and sediments,” Spectrochim. Acta Part B 56, 807–820 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Le Coustumer, Ph.

D. Menut, Ph. Le Coustumer, J. L. Lacour, P. Fichet, A. Rivoallan, “Analysis of alluvial soils for environment survey by micro LIBS (µLIBS),” in Laser Induced Plasma, Vol. 81 of OSA Trends in Optics and Photonics Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 2002), pp. 93–95.

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K. Song, Y. I. Lee, J. Sneddon, “Applications of laser-induced breakdown spectrometry,” Appl. Spectrosc. Rev. 32, 183–235 (1997).
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Legnaioli, S.

D. Bulajic, G. Cristoforetti, M. Corsi, M. Hidalgo, S. Legnaioli, V. Palleschi, A. Salvetti, E. Tognoni, S. Green, D. Bates, “Diagnostic of high-temperature steel pipes in industrial environment by laser-induced breakdown spectroscopy technique: the LIBSGRAIN project,” Spectrochim. Acta Part B 57, 1181–1192 (2002).
[CrossRef]

D. Bulajic, M. Corsi, G. Cristoforetti, S. Legnaioli, V. Palleschi, A. Salvetti, E. Tognoni, “A procedure for correction self-absorption in calibration free-laser induced breakdown spectroscopy,” Spectrochim. Acta Part B 57, 339–353 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Lin, C. T.

T. Kim, C. T. Lin, Y. Yoon, “Compositional mapping by laser-induced breakdown spectroscopy,” J. Phys. Chem. B 102, 4284–4287 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Lucena, P.

P. Lucena, J. M. Vadillo, J. J. Laserna, “Spatial distribution of catalytically active elements and deactivants in diesel-engine automobile converters by laser-induced plasma spectroscopy,” J. Anal. At. Spectrom. 17, 548–551 (2002).
[CrossRef]

P. Lucena, J. J. Laserna, “Three-dimensional distribution analysis of platinum, palladium and rhodium in auto catalytic converters using imaging-mode laser-induced breakdown spectrometry,” Spectrochim. Acta Part B 56, 177–185 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Mauchien, P.

P. Fichet, P. Mauchien, J. F. Wagner, C. Moulin, “Quantitative elemental determination in water and oil by laser induced breakdown spectroscopy,” Anal. Chim. Acta 429, 269–278 (2001).
[CrossRef]

P. Fichet, P. Mauchien, C. Moulin, “Determination of impurities in uranium and plutonium dioxides by laser-induced breakdown spectroscopy,” Appl. Spectrosc. 53, 1111–1117 (1999).
[CrossRef]

B. Sallé, C. Chaléard, V. Detalle, J. L. Lacour, P. Mauchien, C. Nouvellon, A. Semerok, “Laser ablation efficiency of metal samples with UV laser nanosecond pulses,” Appl. Surf. Sci. 138–139, 302–305 (1999).
[CrossRef]

C. Geertsen, J. L. Lacour, P. Mauchien, L. Pierrard, “Evaluation of laser optical emission spectrometry for microanalysis in aluminium samples,” Spectrochim. Acta Part B 51, 1403–1416 (1996).
[CrossRef]

N. André, C. Geertsen, J. L. Lacour, P. Mauchien, S. Sjöström, “UV laser optical emission spectrometry on aluminum alloys in air at atmospheric pressure,” Spectrochim. Acta Part B 49, 1363–1372 (1994).
[CrossRef]

N. Andre, P. Mauchien, A. Semerok, “Process for elemental analysis by optical emission spectrometry on plasma produced by a laser in the presence of argon,” U.S. patent5,583,634 (10December1996).

J. L. Lacour, V. Detalle, P. Mauchien, J. F. Wagner, “Elementary analysis device by optical emission spectrometry on laser produced plasma,” European patent00978635.5-2204 (10October2001).

Menut, D.

D. Menut, Ph. Le Coustumer, J. L. Lacour, P. Fichet, A. Rivoallan, “Analysis of alluvial soils for environment survey by micro LIBS (µLIBS),” in Laser Induced Plasma, Vol. 81 of OSA Trends in Optics and Photonics Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 2002), pp. 93–95.

Moenke-Blankenburg, L.

L. Moenke-Blankenburg, Laser Micro Analysis (Wiley, New York, 1989).

Mönch, I.

R. Noll, H. Bette, A. Brysh, M. Kraushaar, I. Mönch, L. Peter, V. Sturm, “Laser-induced breakdown spectrometry—applications for production control and quality assurance in the steel industry,” Spectrochim. Acta Part B 56, 637–650 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Moulin, C.

P. Fichet, P. Mauchien, J. F. Wagner, C. Moulin, “Quantitative elemental determination in water and oil by laser induced breakdown spectroscopy,” Anal. Chim. Acta 429, 269–278 (2001).
[CrossRef]

P. Fichet, P. Mauchien, C. Moulin, “Determination of impurities in uranium and plutonium dioxides by laser-induced breakdown spectroscopy,” Appl. Spectrosc. 53, 1111–1117 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Nasajpour, H.

I. B. Gornushkin, B. W. Smith, H. Nasajpour, J. D. Winefordner, “Identification of solid materials by correlation analysis using a microscopic laser-induced plasma spectrometer,” Anal. Chem. 71, 5157–5164 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Neuilly, M.

M. Neuilly, Précision des Dosages des Traces (Lavoisier, Paris, 1993).

M. Neuilly, Modélisation et Estimation des Erreurs de Mesures (Lavoisier, Paris, 1993).

Niessner, R.

U. Panne, C. Haisch, M. Clara, R. Niessner, “Analysis of glass and glass melts during the vitrification process of fly and bottom ashes by laser-induced plasma spectroscopy. I. Normalization and plasma diagnostics,” Spectrochim. Acta Part B 53, 1957–1968 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Noll, R.

R. Noll, H. Bette, A. Brysh, M. Kraushaar, I. Mönch, L. Peter, V. Sturm, “Laser-induced breakdown spectrometry—applications for production control and quality assurance in the steel industry,” Spectrochim. Acta Part B 56, 637–650 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Nouvellon, C.

B. Sallé, C. Chaléard, V. Detalle, J. L. Lacour, P. Mauchien, C. Nouvellon, A. Semerok, “Laser ablation efficiency of metal samples with UV laser nanosecond pulses,” Appl. Surf. Sci. 138–139, 302–305 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Omenetto, N.

I. B. Gornushkin, B. W. Smith, G. E. Potts, N. Omenetto, J. D. Winefordner, “Some consideration on the correlation between signal and background in laser-induced breakdown spectroscopy using single-shot analysis,” Anal. Chem. 71, 5447–5449 (1999).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Palanco, S.

J. M. Vadillo, S. Palanco, M. D. Romero, J. J. Laserna, “Applications of laser-induced breakdown spectrometry (LIBS) in surface analysis,” Fresenius J. Anal. Chem. 255, 909–912 (1996).

Palleschi, V.

D. Bulajic, G. Cristoforetti, M. Corsi, M. Hidalgo, S. Legnaioli, V. Palleschi, A. Salvetti, E. Tognoni, S. Green, D. Bates, “Diagnostic of high-temperature steel pipes in industrial environment by laser-induced breakdown spectroscopy technique: the LIBSGRAIN project,” Spectrochim. Acta Part B 57, 1181–1192 (2002).
[CrossRef]

D. Bulajic, M. Corsi, G. Cristoforetti, S. Legnaioli, V. Palleschi, A. Salvetti, E. Tognoni, “A procedure for correction self-absorption in calibration free-laser induced breakdown spectroscopy,” Spectrochim. Acta Part B 57, 339–353 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Palucci, A.

R. Barbini, F. Colao, V. Lazic, R. Fantoni, A. Palucci, M. Angelone, “On board LIBS analysis of marine sediments collected during the XVI Italian campaign in Antarctica,” Spectrochim. Acta Part B 57, 1203–1218 (2002).
[CrossRef]

V. Lazic, R. Barbini, F. Colao, R. Fantoni, A. Palucci, “Self-absorption model in quantitative laser induced breakdown spectroscopy measurements on soils and sediments,” Spectrochim. Acta Part B 56, 807–820 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Panne, U.

U. Panne, C. Haisch, M. Clara, R. Niessner, “Analysis of glass and glass melts during the vitrification process of fly and bottom ashes by laser-induced plasma spectroscopy. I. Normalization and plasma diagnostics,” Spectrochim. Acta Part B 53, 1957–1968 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Peter, L.

R. Noll, H. Bette, A. Brysh, M. Kraushaar, I. Mönch, L. Peter, V. Sturm, “Laser-induced breakdown spectrometry—applications for production control and quality assurance in the steel industry,” Spectrochim. Acta Part B 56, 637–650 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Pierrard, L.

C. Geertsen, J. L. Lacour, P. Mauchien, L. Pierrard, “Evaluation of laser optical emission spectrometry for microanalysis in aluminium samples,” Spectrochim. Acta Part B 51, 1403–1416 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Potts, G. E.

I. B. Gornushkin, B. W. Smith, G. E. Potts, N. Omenetto, J. D. Winefordner, “Some consideration on the correlation between signal and background in laser-induced breakdown spectroscopy using single-shot analysis,” Anal. Chem. 71, 5447–5449 (1999).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Radziemski, L. S.

L. S. Radziemski, D. A. Cremers, Laser-Induced Plasmas and Applications (Marcel Dekker, New York, 1989).

Ramaseder, N.

J. Gruber, J. Heitz, H. Strasser, D. Bäuerle, N. Ramaseder, “Rapid in-situ analysis of liquid steel by laser-induced breakdown spectroscopy,” Spectrochim. Acta Part B 56, 685–694 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Rieger, G. W.

Rivoallan, A.

D. Menut, Ph. Le Coustumer, J. L. Lacour, P. Fichet, A. Rivoallan, “Analysis of alluvial soils for environment survey by micro LIBS (µLIBS),” in Laser Induced Plasma, Vol. 81 of OSA Trends in Optics and Photonics Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 2002), pp. 93–95.

Romero, D.

D. Romero, J. J. Laserna, “Surface and tomographic distribution of carbon impurities in photonic-grade silicon using laser-induced breakdown spectrometry,” J. Anal. At. Spectrom. 13, 557–560 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Romero, M. D.

J. M. Vadillo, S. Palanco, M. D. Romero, J. J. Laserna, “Applications of laser-induced breakdown spectrometry (LIBS) in surface analysis,” Fresenius J. Anal. Chem. 255, 909–912 (1996).

Ruiz-Medina, A.

I. B. Gornushkin, A. Ruiz-Medina, J. M. Anzano, B. W. Smith, J. D. Winefordner, “Identification of particulate materials by correlation analysis using a microscopic laser-induced breakdown spectrometer,” J. Anal. At. Spectrom. 15, 581–586 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Russo, R. E.

Sabsabi, M.

Sallé, B.

B. Sallé, C. Chaléard, V. Detalle, J. L. Lacour, P. Mauchien, C. Nouvellon, A. Semerok, “Laser ablation efficiency of metal samples with UV laser nanosecond pulses,” Appl. Surf. Sci. 138–139, 302–305 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Salvetti, A.

D. Bulajic, G. Cristoforetti, M. Corsi, M. Hidalgo, S. Legnaioli, V. Palleschi, A. Salvetti, E. Tognoni, S. Green, D. Bates, “Diagnostic of high-temperature steel pipes in industrial environment by laser-induced breakdown spectroscopy technique: the LIBSGRAIN project,” Spectrochim. Acta Part B 57, 1181–1192 (2002).
[CrossRef]

D. Bulajic, M. Corsi, G. Cristoforetti, S. Legnaioli, V. Palleschi, A. Salvetti, E. Tognoni, “A procedure for correction self-absorption in calibration free-laser induced breakdown spectroscopy,” Spectrochim. Acta Part B 57, 339–353 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Semerok, A.

B. Sallé, C. Chaléard, V. Detalle, J. L. Lacour, P. Mauchien, C. Nouvellon, A. Semerok, “Laser ablation efficiency of metal samples with UV laser nanosecond pulses,” Appl. Surf. Sci. 138–139, 302–305 (1999).
[CrossRef]

N. Andre, P. Mauchien, A. Semerok, “Process for elemental analysis by optical emission spectrometry on plasma produced by a laser in the presence of argon,” U.S. patent5,583,634 (10December1996).

Sjöström, S.

N. André, C. Geertsen, J. L. Lacour, P. Mauchien, S. Sjöström, “UV laser optical emission spectrometry on aluminum alloys in air at atmospheric pressure,” Spectrochim. Acta Part B 49, 1363–1372 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Smith, B. W.

G. Galbacs, I. B. Gornushkin, B. W. Smith, J. D. Winefordner, “Semi-quantitative analysis of binary alloys using laser-induced breakdown spectroscopy and a new calibration approach based on linear correlation,” Spectrochim. Acta Part B 56, 1159–1173 (2001).
[CrossRef]

M. Tran, Q. Sun, B. W. Smith, J. D. Winefordner, “Determination of C:H:O:N ratios in solid organic compounds by laser-induced plasma spectroscopy,” J. Anal. At. Spectrom. 16, 628–632 (2001).
[CrossRef]

I. B. Gornushkin, A. Ruiz-Medina, J. M. Anzano, B. W. Smith, J. D. Winefordner, “Identification of particulate materials by correlation analysis using a microscopic laser-induced breakdown spectrometer,” J. Anal. At. Spectrom. 15, 581–586 (2000).
[CrossRef]

I. B. Gornushkin, B. W. Smith, H. Nasajpour, J. D. Winefordner, “Identification of solid materials by correlation analysis using a microscopic laser-induced plasma spectrometer,” Anal. Chem. 71, 5157–5164 (1999).
[CrossRef]

I. B. Gornushkin, B. W. Smith, G. E. Potts, N. Omenetto, J. D. Winefordner, “Some consideration on the correlation between signal and background in laser-induced breakdown spectroscopy using single-shot analysis,” Anal. Chem. 71, 5447–5449 (1999).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

B. C. Castle, K. Talabardon, B. W. Smith, J. D. Winefordner, “Variables influencing the precision of laser-induced breakdown spectroscopy measurements,” Appl. Spectrosc. 52, 649–657 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Sneddon, J.

K. Song, Y. I. Lee, J. Sneddon, “Applications of laser-induced breakdown spectrometry,” Appl. Spectrosc. Rev. 32, 183–235 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Song, K.

K. Song, Y. I. Lee, J. Sneddon, “Applications of laser-induced breakdown spectrometry,” Appl. Spectrosc. Rev. 32, 183–235 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Strasser, H.

J. Gruber, J. Heitz, H. Strasser, D. Bäuerle, N. Ramaseder, “Rapid in-situ analysis of liquid steel by laser-induced breakdown spectroscopy,” Spectrochim. Acta Part B 56, 685–694 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Sturm, V.

R. Noll, H. Bette, A. Brysh, M. Kraushaar, I. Mönch, L. Peter, V. Sturm, “Laser-induced breakdown spectrometry—applications for production control and quality assurance in the steel industry,” Spectrochim. Acta Part B 56, 637–650 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Sun, Q.

M. Tran, Q. Sun, B. W. Smith, J. D. Winefordner, “Determination of C:H:O:N ratios in solid organic compounds by laser-induced plasma spectroscopy,” J. Anal. At. Spectrom. 16, 628–632 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Talabardon, K.

Taschuk, M.

Telle, H. H.

J. O. Caceres, J. Tornero Lopez, H. H. Telle, A. Gonzalez Urena, “Quantitative analysis of trace metal ions in ice using laser-induced breakdown spectroscopy,” Spectrochim. Acta Part B 56, 831–838 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Tognoni, E.

D. Bulajic, M. Corsi, G. Cristoforetti, S. Legnaioli, V. Palleschi, A. Salvetti, E. Tognoni, “A procedure for correction self-absorption in calibration free-laser induced breakdown spectroscopy,” Spectrochim. Acta Part B 57, 339–353 (2002).
[CrossRef]

D. Bulajic, G. Cristoforetti, M. Corsi, M. Hidalgo, S. Legnaioli, V. Palleschi, A. Salvetti, E. Tognoni, S. Green, D. Bates, “Diagnostic of high-temperature steel pipes in industrial environment by laser-induced breakdown spectroscopy technique: the LIBSGRAIN project,” Spectrochim. Acta Part B 57, 1181–1192 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Tornero Lopez, J.

J. O. Caceres, J. Tornero Lopez, H. H. Telle, A. Gonzalez Urena, “Quantitative analysis of trace metal ions in ice using laser-induced breakdown spectroscopy,” Spectrochim. Acta Part B 56, 831–838 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Tran, M.

M. Tran, Q. Sun, B. W. Smith, J. D. Winefordner, “Determination of C:H:O:N ratios in solid organic compounds by laser-induced plasma spectroscopy,” J. Anal. At. Spectrom. 16, 628–632 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Tsui, Y. Y.

Turmel, S.

L. Barrette, S. Turmel, “On-line iron-ore slurry monitoring for real-time process control of pellet making processes using laser-induced breakdown spectroscopy: graphitic vs. total carbon detection,” Spectrochim. Acta Part B 56, 715–724 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Tyson, J. F.

S. A. Darke, J. F. Tyson, “Interaction of laser radiation with solid materials and its significance to analytical spectrometry,” J. Anal. At. Spectrom. 8, 145–209 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Vadillo, J. M.

P. Lucena, J. M. Vadillo, J. J. Laserna, “Spatial distribution of catalytically active elements and deactivants in diesel-engine automobile converters by laser-induced plasma spectroscopy,” J. Anal. At. Spectrom. 17, 548–551 (2002).
[CrossRef]

J. M. Vadillo, S. Palanco, M. D. Romero, J. J. Laserna, “Applications of laser-induced breakdown spectrometry (LIBS) in surface analysis,” Fresenius J. Anal. Chem. 255, 909–912 (1996).

Wagner, J. F.

P. Fichet, P. Mauchien, J. F. Wagner, C. Moulin, “Quantitative elemental determination in water and oil by laser induced breakdown spectroscopy,” Anal. Chim. Acta 429, 269–278 (2001).
[CrossRef]

J. L. Lacour, V. Detalle, P. Mauchien, J. F. Wagner, “Elementary analysis device by optical emission spectrometry on laser produced plasma,” European patent00978635.5-2204 (10October2001).

Winefordner, J. D.

M. Tran, Q. Sun, B. W. Smith, J. D. Winefordner, “Determination of C:H:O:N ratios in solid organic compounds by laser-induced plasma spectroscopy,” J. Anal. At. Spectrom. 16, 628–632 (2001).
[CrossRef]

G. Galbacs, I. B. Gornushkin, B. W. Smith, J. D. Winefordner, “Semi-quantitative analysis of binary alloys using laser-induced breakdown spectroscopy and a new calibration approach based on linear correlation,” Spectrochim. Acta Part B 56, 1159–1173 (2001).
[CrossRef]

I. B. Gornushkin, A. Ruiz-Medina, J. M. Anzano, B. W. Smith, J. D. Winefordner, “Identification of particulate materials by correlation analysis using a microscopic laser-induced breakdown spectrometer,” J. Anal. At. Spectrom. 15, 581–586 (2000).
[CrossRef]

I. B. Gornushkin, B. W. Smith, H. Nasajpour, J. D. Winefordner, “Identification of solid materials by correlation analysis using a microscopic laser-induced plasma spectrometer,” Anal. Chem. 71, 5157–5164 (1999).
[CrossRef]

I. B. Gornushkin, B. W. Smith, G. E. Potts, N. Omenetto, J. D. Winefordner, “Some consideration on the correlation between signal and background in laser-induced breakdown spectroscopy using single-shot analysis,” Anal. Chem. 71, 5447–5449 (1999).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

B. C. Castle, K. Talabardon, B. W. Smith, J. D. Winefordner, “Variables influencing the precision of laser-induced breakdown spectroscopy measurements,” Appl. Spectrosc. 52, 649–657 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Yoon, Y.

T. Kim, C. T. Lin, Y. Yoon, “Compositional mapping by laser-induced breakdown spectroscopy,” J. Phys. Chem. B 102, 4284–4287 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Yun, J. I.

Anal. Chem.

D. Kossakovski, J. L. Beauchamp, “Topographical and chemical microanalysis of surfaces with a scanning probe microscope and laser-induced breakdown spectroscopy,” Anal. Chem. 72, 4731–4737 (2000).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Anal. Chem.

I. B. Gornushkin, B. W. Smith, H. Nasajpour, J. D. Winefordner, “Identification of solid materials by correlation analysis using a microscopic laser-induced plasma spectrometer,” Anal. Chem. 71, 5157–5164 (1999).
[CrossRef]

I. B. Gornushkin, B. W. Smith, G. E. Potts, N. Omenetto, J. D. Winefordner, “Some consideration on the correlation between signal and background in laser-induced breakdown spectroscopy using single-shot analysis,” Anal. Chem. 71, 5447–5449 (1999).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Anal. Chim. Acta

P. Fichet, P. Mauchien, J. F. Wagner, C. Moulin, “Quantitative elemental determination in water and oil by laser induced breakdown spectroscopy,” Anal. Chim. Acta 429, 269–278 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Appl. Spectrosc.

H. J. Häkkänen, J. E. I. Korppi-Tommola, “UV-laser plasma study of elemental distribution of paper coatings,” Appl. Spectrosc. 49, 1721–1728 (1995).
[CrossRef]

L. Dudragne, Ph. Adam, J. Amouroux, “Time-resolved laser-induced breakdown spectroscopy: application for qualitative detection of fluorine, chlorine, sulfur and carbon in air,” Appl. Spectrosc. 52, 1321–1327 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Appl. Spectrosc. Rev.

K. Song, Y. I. Lee, J. Sneddon, “Applications of laser-induced breakdown spectrometry,” Appl. Spectrosc. Rev. 32, 183–235 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Appl. Spectrosc.

Appl. Surf. Sci.

B. Sallé, C. Chaléard, V. Detalle, J. L. Lacour, P. Mauchien, C. Nouvellon, A. Semerok, “Laser ablation efficiency of metal samples with UV laser nanosecond pulses,” Appl. Surf. Sci. 138–139, 302–305 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Chem. Geol.

C. Fabre, M. C. Boiron, J. Dubessy, M. Cathelineau, D. A. Banks, “Palaeofluid chemistry of a single fluid event: a bulk and in-situ multi-technique analysis (LIBS, Raman spectroscopy) of an Alpine fluid (Mont-Blanc),” Chem. Geol. 182, 249–264 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Fresenius J. Anal. Chem.

J. M. Vadillo, S. Palanco, M. D. Romero, J. J. Laserna, “Applications of laser-induced breakdown spectrometry (LIBS) in surface analysis,” Fresenius J. Anal. Chem. 255, 909–912 (1996).

Geochim. Cosmochim. Acta

C. Fabre, M. C. Boiron, J. Dubessy, A. Chabiron, B. Charoy, T. M. Crespo, “Advances in lithium analysis in solids by means of laser-induced breakdown spectroscopy: an exploratory study,” Geochim. Cosmochim. Acta 66, 1401–1407 (2002).
[CrossRef]

J. Anal. At. Spectrom.

P. Lucena, J. M. Vadillo, J. J. Laserna, “Spatial distribution of catalytically active elements and deactivants in diesel-engine automobile converters by laser-induced plasma spectroscopy,” J. Anal. At. Spectrom. 17, 548–551 (2002).
[CrossRef]

J. Anal. At. Spectrom.

D. Romero, J. J. Laserna, “Surface and tomographic distribution of carbon impurities in photonic-grade silicon using laser-induced breakdown spectrometry,” J. Anal. At. Spectrom. 13, 557–560 (1998).
[CrossRef]

I. B. Gornushkin, A. Ruiz-Medina, J. M. Anzano, B. W. Smith, J. D. Winefordner, “Identification of particulate materials by correlation analysis using a microscopic laser-induced breakdown spectrometer,” J. Anal. At. Spectrom. 15, 581–586 (2000).
[CrossRef]

S. A. Darke, J. F. Tyson, “Interaction of laser radiation with solid materials and its significance to analytical spectrometry,” J. Anal. At. Spectrom. 8, 145–209 (1993).
[CrossRef]

J. Anal. At. Spectrom.

M. Tran, Q. Sun, B. W. Smith, J. D. Winefordner, “Determination of C:H:O:N ratios in solid organic compounds by laser-induced plasma spectroscopy,” J. Anal. At. Spectrom. 16, 628–632 (2001).
[CrossRef]

J. Phys. Chem. B

T. Kim, C. T. Lin, Y. Yoon, “Compositional mapping by laser-induced breakdown spectroscopy,” J. Phys. Chem. B 102, 4284–4287 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Spectrochim. Acta Part B

B. Charfi, M. A. Harith, “Panoramic laser-induced breakdown spectrometry of water,” Spectrochim. Acta Part B 57, 1141–1153 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Spectrochim. Acta Part B

J. E. Carranza, D. W. Hahn, “Sampling statistics and considerations for single-shot analysis using laser-induced breakdown spectroscopy,” Spectrochim. Acta Part B 57, 779–790 (2002).
[CrossRef]

D. Bulajic, M. Corsi, G. Cristoforetti, S. Legnaioli, V. Palleschi, A. Salvetti, E. Tognoni, “A procedure for correction self-absorption in calibration free-laser induced breakdown spectroscopy,” Spectrochim. Acta Part B 57, 339–353 (2002).
[CrossRef]

R. Barbini, F. Colao, V. Lazic, R. Fantoni, A. Palucci, M. Angelone, “On board LIBS analysis of marine sediments collected during the XVI Italian campaign in Antarctica,” Spectrochim. Acta Part B 57, 1203–1218 (2002).
[CrossRef]

V. Lazic, R. Barbini, F. Colao, R. Fantoni, A. Palucci, “Self-absorption model in quantitative laser induced breakdown spectroscopy measurements on soils and sediments,” Spectrochim. Acta Part B 56, 807–820 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Spectrochim. Acta Part B

U. Panne, C. Haisch, M. Clara, R. Niessner, “Analysis of glass and glass melts during the vitrification process of fly and bottom ashes by laser-induced plasma spectroscopy. I. Normalization and plasma diagnostics,” Spectrochim. Acta Part B 53, 1957–1968 (1998).
[CrossRef]

J. O. Caceres, J. Tornero Lopez, H. H. Telle, A. Gonzalez Urena, “Quantitative analysis of trace metal ions in ice using laser-induced breakdown spectroscopy,” Spectrochim. Acta Part B 56, 831–838 (2001).
[CrossRef]

D. Bulajic, G. Cristoforetti, M. Corsi, M. Hidalgo, S. Legnaioli, V. Palleschi, A. Salvetti, E. Tognoni, S. Green, D. Bates, “Diagnostic of high-temperature steel pipes in industrial environment by laser-induced breakdown spectroscopy technique: the LIBSGRAIN project,” Spectrochim. Acta Part B 57, 1181–1192 (2002).
[CrossRef]

G. Galbacs, I. B. Gornushkin, B. W. Smith, J. D. Winefordner, “Semi-quantitative analysis of binary alloys using laser-induced breakdown spectroscopy and a new calibration approach based on linear correlation,” Spectrochim. Acta Part B 56, 1159–1173 (2001).
[CrossRef]

C. Geertsen, J. L. Lacour, P. Mauchien, L. Pierrard, “Evaluation of laser optical emission spectrometry for microanalysis in aluminium samples,” Spectrochim. Acta Part B 51, 1403–1416 (1996).
[CrossRef]

N. André, C. Geertsen, J. L. Lacour, P. Mauchien, S. Sjöström, “UV laser optical emission spectrometry on aluminum alloys in air at atmospheric pressure,” Spectrochim. Acta Part B 49, 1363–1372 (1994).
[CrossRef]

P. Lucena, J. J. Laserna, “Three-dimensional distribution analysis of platinum, palladium and rhodium in auto catalytic converters using imaging-mode laser-induced breakdown spectrometry,” Spectrochim. Acta Part B 56, 177–185 (2001).
[CrossRef]

R. Noll, H. Bette, A. Brysh, M. Kraushaar, I. Mönch, L. Peter, V. Sturm, “Laser-induced breakdown spectrometry—applications for production control and quality assurance in the steel industry,” Spectrochim. Acta Part B 56, 637–650 (2001).
[CrossRef]

J. Gruber, J. Heitz, H. Strasser, D. Bäuerle, N. Ramaseder, “Rapid in-situ analysis of liquid steel by laser-induced breakdown spectroscopy,” Spectrochim. Acta Part B 56, 685–694 (2001).
[CrossRef]

L. Barrette, S. Turmel, “On-line iron-ore slurry monitoring for real-time process control of pellet making processes using laser-induced breakdown spectroscopy: graphitic vs. total carbon detection,” Spectrochim. Acta Part B 56, 715–724 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Other

L. Moenke-Blankenburg, Laser Micro Analysis (Wiley, New York, 1989).

L. S. Radziemski, D. A. Cremers, Laser-Induced Plasmas and Applications (Marcel Dekker, New York, 1989).

Commissariat a l’Energie Atomique, “Study of emission spectroscopy on laser produced plasma for localised multielemental analysis in solids with surface imaging,” (Commissariat a l’Energie Atomique, Saclay, France, 1996).

C. Geersten, “Etude de la microablation laser à pression atmosphérique en vue de la cartographie élémentaire des solides,” Ph.D. dissertation (Ecole Polytechnique, Palaiseau, France, 1996).

N. Andre, P. Mauchien, A. Semerok, “Process for elemental analysis by optical emission spectrometry on plasma produced by a laser in the presence of argon,” U.S. patent5,583,634 (10December1996).

V. Detalle, “Analyse de l’homogénéité du combustible nucléaire MOX par spectrométrie d’emission optique sur plasma induit par laser (SEPIL),” Ph.D. dissertation (Claude Bernard-Lyon I-University, Lyon, France, 1999).

M. Neuilly, Modélisation et Estimation des Erreurs de Mesures (Lavoisier, Paris, 1993).

M. Neuilly, Précision des Dosages des Traces (Lavoisier, Paris, 1993).

J. L. Lacour, V. Detalle, P. Mauchien, J. F. Wagner, “Elementary analysis device by optical emission spectrometry on laser produced plasma,” European patent00978635.5-2204 (10October2001).

D. Menut, Ph. Le Coustumer, J. L. Lacour, P. Fichet, A. Rivoallan, “Analysis of alluvial soils for environment survey by micro LIBS (µLIBS),” in Laser Induced Plasma, Vol. 81 of OSA Trends in Optics and Photonics Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 2002), pp. 93–95.

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Figures (8)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

Schematic of the micro-LIBS experimental setup.

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

Schematic showing implementation of micro-LIBS to perform specific measurements in a hostile environment.

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

Resolution of micro LIBS measured on a steel sample during a mapping test. The surface profile was obtained with the use of a light-phase microscopic interferometer.

Fig. 4
Fig. 4

Analytical resolution of a laser probe. At least four laser shots are required for the best concentration.

Fig. 5
Fig. 5

Mapping of a ceramic pellet surface with 3-µm spatial resolution before and after heating of the pellet.

Fig. 6
Fig. 6

Calibration of Ce in [CeO2, UO2] pellets.

Fig. 7
Fig. 7

Identification and characterization of the location of an impurity in a steel sample with 3-µm spatial resolution.

Fig. 8
Fig. 8

Catch of alluvial soil along the Garonne River bed (top) and of a volcanic ash sample (bottom). Surface distribution of multiple elements with 3-µm (top) and 10-µm (bottom) spatial resolution. We deduced the composition of micro areas by using micro LIBS to image the results.

Tables (1)

Tables Icon

Table 1 Mean Value and Relative Standard Deviation Obtained for Five Cesium Concentrations and Four Experiments

Metrics