Abstract

One of the most promising approaches to laser-induced breakdown spectroscopy (LIBS) experiments involves the use of an echelle spectrometer coupled with an intensified CCD. Even if drawbacks remain with its use, the echelle spectrometer facilitates a multielemental analysis that is more rapid than can be obtained with the more-conventional Czerny-Turner spectrometer and, moreover, does not sacrifice reliability. Quantitative results obtained with such apparatus for solids, liquids, powders, and gases are described and when possible compared with results from Czerny-Turner spectrometers. Liquid analysis by LIBS with echelle spectrometers has allowed a spectral database to be compiled. Once the qualitative spectra of pure elements in aqueous solutions, are obtained, they can be used for qualitative analysis of unknown samples.

© 2003 Optical Society of America

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    [CrossRef]
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  20. D. A. Cremers, R. C. Wiens, M. J. Ferris, J. D. Blasic, R. Brennetot, S. Maurice, “Development of laser-induced breakdown spectroscopy (LIBS) for analysis of geological samples on planetary missions,” presented at the Lunar and Planetary Science XXXIII meeting, Houston, Tex., 11–15 March 2002.
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    [CrossRef]
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  23. D. Kossakovski, J. L. Beauchamp, “Topographical and chemical microanalysis of surfaces with a scanning probe microscope and laser-induced breakdown spectroscopy,” Anal. Chem. 72, 4731–4737 (2000).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  24. G. Galbacs, I. B. Gornushkin, B. W. Smith, J. D. Winefordner, “Semi-quantitative analysis of binary alloys using laser-induced breakdown spectroscopy and a new calibration approach based on linear correlation,” Spectrochim. Acta Part B 56, 1159–1173 (2001).
    [CrossRef]
  25. S. I. Gornushkin, J. M. Anzano, B. W. Smith, J. D. Winefordner, “Effective normalization technique for correction of matrix effects in laser-induced breakdown spectroscopy detection of magnesium in powdered samples,” Appl. Spectrosc. 56, 433–436 (2002).
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    [CrossRef]
  28. A. K. Rai, H. Zhang, F. Y. Yueh, J. P. Singh, A. Weisburg, “Parametric study of a fiber-optic laser-induced breakdown spectroscopy probe for analysis of aluminum alloys,” Spectrochim. Acta Part B 56, 2371–2383 (2001).
    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef]
  30. B. Le Drogoff, J. Margot, M. Chaker, M. Sabsabi, O. Barthelemy, T. W. Johnston, S. Laville, F. Vidal, Y. Von Kaenel, “Temporal characterization of femtosecond laser pulses induced plasma for spectrochemical analysis of aluminium alloys,” Spectrochim. Acta Part B 56, 987–1002 (2001).
    [CrossRef]

2002 (4)

B. Charfi, M. A. Harith, “Panoramic laser-induced breakdown spectrometry of water,” Spectrochim. Acta Part B 57, 1141–1153 (2002).
[CrossRef]

D. C. S. Beddows, O. Samek, M. Liska, H. H. Telle, “Single-pulse laser-induced breakdown spectroscopy of samples submerged in water using a single-fibre light delivery system,” Spectrochim. Acta Part B 57, 1461–1471 (2002).
[CrossRef]

S. I. Gornushkin, J. M. Anzano, B. W. Smith, J. D. Winefordner, “Effective normalization technique for correction of matrix effects in laser-induced breakdown spectroscopy detection of magnesium in powdered samples,” Appl. Spectrosc. 56, 433–436 (2002).
[CrossRef]

J. I. Yun, R. Klenze, J.-I. Kim, “Laser-induced breakdown spectroscopy for on-line multielement analysis of highly radioactive glass melt. I. Characterization and evaluation of the method,” Appl. Spectrosc. 56, 437–448 (2002).
[CrossRef]

2001 (10)

A. K. Rai, H. Zhang, F. Y. Yueh, J. P. Singh, A. Weisburg, “Parametric study of a fiber-optic laser-induced breakdown spectroscopy probe for analysis of aluminum alloys,” Spectrochim. Acta Part B 56, 2371–2383 (2001).
[CrossRef]

B. Le Drogoff, J. Margot, M. Chaker, M. Sabsabi, O. Barthelemy, T. W. Johnston, S. Laville, F. Vidal, Y. Von Kaenel, “Temporal characterization of femtosecond laser pulses induced plasma for spectrochemical analysis of aluminium alloys,” Spectrochim. Acta Part B 56, 987–1002 (2001).
[CrossRef]

G. Galbacs, I. B. Gornushkin, B. W. Smith, J. D. Winefordner, “Semi-quantitative analysis of binary alloys using laser-induced breakdown spectroscopy and a new calibration approach based on linear correlation,” Spectrochim. Acta Part B 56, 1159–1173 (2001).
[CrossRef]

A. Uhl, K. Loebe, L. Kreuchwig, “Fast analysis of wood preservers using laser induced breakdown spectroscopy,” Spectrochim. Acta Part B 56, 795–806 (2001).
[CrossRef]

V. Detalle, R. Héon, M. Sabsabi, L. St Onge, “An evaluation of a commercial echelle spectrometer with intensified charge-coupled device detector for materials analysis by laser-induced plasma spectroscopy,” Spectrochim. Acta Part B 56, 1011–1025 (2001).
[CrossRef]

A. I. Whitehouse, J. Young, I. M. Botheroyd, S. Lawson, C. P. Evans, J. Wright, “Remote material analysis of nuclear power station steam generator tubes by laser-induced breakdown spectroscopy,” Spectrochim. Acta Part B 56, 821–830 (2001).
[CrossRef]

S. Florek, C. Haisch, M. Okruss, H. Becker-Ross, “A new, versatile echelle spectrometer relevant to laser induced plasma applications,” Spectrochim. Acta Part B 56, 1027–1034 (2001).
[CrossRef]

H. Fink, U. Panne, R. Niessner, “Analysis of recycled thermoplasts from consumer electronics by laser-induced plasma spectroscopy,” Anal. Chim. Acta 440, 17–25 (2001).
[CrossRef]

M. Bicchieri, N. Nardone, P. A. Russo, A. Sodo, M. Corsi, G. Cristoforetti, V. Palleschi, A. Salvetti, E. Tognoni, “Characterization of azurite and lazurite bazed pigments by laser induced breakdown spectroscopy,” Spectrochim. Acta Part B 56, 915–922 (2001).
[CrossRef]

P. Fichet, P. Mauchien, J. F. Wagner, C. Moulin, “Quantitative elemental determination in water and oil by laser induced breakdown spectroscopy,” Anal. Chim. Acta 429, 269–278 (2001).
[CrossRef]

2000 (3)

S. R. Goode, S. L. Morgan, R. Hoskins, A. Oxsher, “Identifying alloys by laser-induced breakdown spectroscopy with a time-resolved high resolution echelle spectrometer,” J. Anal. At. Spectrom. 15, 1133–1138 (2000).
[CrossRef]

O. Samek, D. C. S. Beddows, J. Kaiser, S. V. Kukhlevsky, M. Liska, H. H. Telle, J. Young, “Application of laser-induced breakdown spectroscopy to in-situ analysis of liquid samples,” Opt. Eng. 39, 2248–2262 (2000).
[CrossRef]

D. Kossakovski, J. L. Beauchamp, “Topographical and chemical microanalysis of surfaces with a scanning probe microscope and laser-induced breakdown spectroscopy,” Anal. Chem. 72, 4731–4737 (2000).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

1999 (2)

I. B. Gornushkin, B. W. Smith, H. Nasajpour, J. D. Winefordner, “Identification of solid materials by correlation analysis using a microscopic laser-induced plasma spectrometer,” Anal. Chem. 71, 5157–5164 (1999).
[CrossRef]

P. Fichet, P. Mauchien, C. Moulin, “Determination of impurities in uranium and plutonium dioxides by laser-induced breakdown spectroscopy,” Appl. Spectrosc. 53, 1111–1117 (1999).
[CrossRef]

1998 (4)

B. C. Castle, A. K. Knight, K. Visser, B. W. Smith, J. D. Winefordner, “Battery powered laser induced plasma spectrometer for elemental determinations,” J. Anal. At. Spectrom. 13, 589–595 (1998).
[CrossRef]

H. E. Bauer, F. Leis, K. Niemax, “Laser induced breakdown spectrometry with an echelle spectrometer and intensified charge coupled device detection,” Spectrochim. Acta 53, 1815–1825 (1998).
[CrossRef]

C. Haisch, U. Panne, R. Niessner, “Combination of an intensified charge coupled device with an echelle spectrograph for analysis of colloidal material by laser-induced plasma spectroscopy,” Spectrochim. Acta Part B 53, 1657–1667 (1998).
[CrossRef]

P. Lindblom, “New compact echelle spectrographs with multichannel time-resolved recording capabilities,” Anal. Chim. Acta 380, 353–361 (1998).
[CrossRef]

1995 (1)

Anzano, J. M.

Barthelemy, O.

B. Le Drogoff, J. Margot, M. Chaker, M. Sabsabi, O. Barthelemy, T. W. Johnston, S. Laville, F. Vidal, Y. Von Kaenel, “Temporal characterization of femtosecond laser pulses induced plasma for spectrochemical analysis of aluminium alloys,” Spectrochim. Acta Part B 56, 987–1002 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Bauer, H. E.

H. E. Bauer, F. Leis, K. Niemax, “Laser induced breakdown spectrometry with an echelle spectrometer and intensified charge coupled device detection,” Spectrochim. Acta 53, 1815–1825 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Beauchamp, J. L.

D. Kossakovski, J. L. Beauchamp, “Topographical and chemical microanalysis of surfaces with a scanning probe microscope and laser-induced breakdown spectroscopy,” Anal. Chem. 72, 4731–4737 (2000).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Becker-Ross, H.

S. Florek, C. Haisch, M. Okruss, H. Becker-Ross, “A new, versatile echelle spectrometer relevant to laser induced plasma applications,” Spectrochim. Acta Part B 56, 1027–1034 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Beddows, D. C. S.

D. C. S. Beddows, O. Samek, M. Liska, H. H. Telle, “Single-pulse laser-induced breakdown spectroscopy of samples submerged in water using a single-fibre light delivery system,” Spectrochim. Acta Part B 57, 1461–1471 (2002).
[CrossRef]

O. Samek, D. C. S. Beddows, J. Kaiser, S. V. Kukhlevsky, M. Liska, H. H. Telle, J. Young, “Application of laser-induced breakdown spectroscopy to in-situ analysis of liquid samples,” Opt. Eng. 39, 2248–2262 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Bicchieri, M.

M. Bicchieri, N. Nardone, P. A. Russo, A. Sodo, M. Corsi, G. Cristoforetti, V. Palleschi, A. Salvetti, E. Tognoni, “Characterization of azurite and lazurite bazed pigments by laser induced breakdown spectroscopy,” Spectrochim. Acta Part B 56, 915–922 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Blasic, J. D.

D. A. Cremers, R. C. Wiens, M. J. Ferris, J. D. Blasic, R. Brennetot, S. Maurice, “Development of laser-induced breakdown spectroscopy (LIBS) for analysis of geological samples on planetary missions,” presented at the Lunar and Planetary Science XXXIII meeting, Houston, Tex., 11–15 March 2002.

Botheroyd, I. M.

A. I. Whitehouse, J. Young, I. M. Botheroyd, S. Lawson, C. P. Evans, J. Wright, “Remote material analysis of nuclear power station steam generator tubes by laser-induced breakdown spectroscopy,” Spectrochim. Acta Part B 56, 821–830 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Brennetot, R.

D. A. Cremers, R. C. Wiens, M. J. Ferris, J. D. Blasic, R. Brennetot, S. Maurice, “Development of laser-induced breakdown spectroscopy (LIBS) for analysis of geological samples on planetary missions,” presented at the Lunar and Planetary Science XXXIII meeting, Houston, Tex., 11–15 March 2002.

R. Brennetot, J. L. Lacour, E. Vors, A. Rivoallan, D. Vailhen, S. Maurice, “MALIS (Mars analysis by laser-induced breakdown spectroscopy): influence of Mars atmosphere on plasma emission. Study of factors influencing plasma emission with the use of Doehlert designs,” Appl. Spectrosc. (to be published).

Castle, B. C.

B. C. Castle, A. K. Knight, K. Visser, B. W. Smith, J. D. Winefordner, “Battery powered laser induced plasma spectrometer for elemental determinations,” J. Anal. At. Spectrom. 13, 589–595 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Chaker, M.

B. Le Drogoff, J. Margot, M. Chaker, M. Sabsabi, O. Barthelemy, T. W. Johnston, S. Laville, F. Vidal, Y. Von Kaenel, “Temporal characterization of femtosecond laser pulses induced plasma for spectrochemical analysis of aluminium alloys,” Spectrochim. Acta Part B 56, 987–1002 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Charfi, B.

B. Charfi, M. A. Harith, “Panoramic laser-induced breakdown spectrometry of water,” Spectrochim. Acta Part B 57, 1141–1153 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Cielo, P.

Corsi, M.

M. Bicchieri, N. Nardone, P. A. Russo, A. Sodo, M. Corsi, G. Cristoforetti, V. Palleschi, A. Salvetti, E. Tognoni, “Characterization of azurite and lazurite bazed pigments by laser induced breakdown spectroscopy,” Spectrochim. Acta Part B 56, 915–922 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Cremers, D. A.

D. A. Cremers, R. C. Wiens, M. J. Ferris, J. D. Blasic, R. Brennetot, S. Maurice, “Development of laser-induced breakdown spectroscopy (LIBS) for analysis of geological samples on planetary missions,” presented at the Lunar and Planetary Science XXXIII meeting, Houston, Tex., 11–15 March 2002.

Cristoforetti, G.

M. Bicchieri, N. Nardone, P. A. Russo, A. Sodo, M. Corsi, G. Cristoforetti, V. Palleschi, A. Salvetti, E. Tognoni, “Characterization of azurite and lazurite bazed pigments by laser induced breakdown spectroscopy,” Spectrochim. Acta Part B 56, 915–922 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Detalle, V.

V. Detalle, R. Héon, M. Sabsabi, L. St Onge, “An evaluation of a commercial echelle spectrometer with intensified charge-coupled device detector for materials analysis by laser-induced plasma spectroscopy,” Spectrochim. Acta Part B 56, 1011–1025 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Evans, C. P.

A. I. Whitehouse, J. Young, I. M. Botheroyd, S. Lawson, C. P. Evans, J. Wright, “Remote material analysis of nuclear power station steam generator tubes by laser-induced breakdown spectroscopy,” Spectrochim. Acta Part B 56, 821–830 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Ferris, M. J.

D. A. Cremers, R. C. Wiens, M. J. Ferris, J. D. Blasic, R. Brennetot, S. Maurice, “Development of laser-induced breakdown spectroscopy (LIBS) for analysis of geological samples on planetary missions,” presented at the Lunar and Planetary Science XXXIII meeting, Houston, Tex., 11–15 March 2002.

Fichet, P.

P. Fichet, P. Mauchien, J. F. Wagner, C. Moulin, “Quantitative elemental determination in water and oil by laser induced breakdown spectroscopy,” Anal. Chim. Acta 429, 269–278 (2001).
[CrossRef]

P. Fichet, P. Mauchien, C. Moulin, “Determination of impurities in uranium and plutonium dioxides by laser-induced breakdown spectroscopy,” Appl. Spectrosc. 53, 1111–1117 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Fink, H.

H. Fink, U. Panne, R. Niessner, “Analysis of recycled thermoplasts from consumer electronics by laser-induced plasma spectroscopy,” Anal. Chim. Acta 440, 17–25 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Florek, S.

S. Florek, C. Haisch, M. Okruss, H. Becker-Ross, “A new, versatile echelle spectrometer relevant to laser induced plasma applications,” Spectrochim. Acta Part B 56, 1027–1034 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Galbacs, G.

G. Galbacs, I. B. Gornushkin, B. W. Smith, J. D. Winefordner, “Semi-quantitative analysis of binary alloys using laser-induced breakdown spectroscopy and a new calibration approach based on linear correlation,” Spectrochim. Acta Part B 56, 1159–1173 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Goode, S. R.

S. R. Goode, S. L. Morgan, R. Hoskins, A. Oxsher, “Identifying alloys by laser-induced breakdown spectroscopy with a time-resolved high resolution echelle spectrometer,” J. Anal. At. Spectrom. 15, 1133–1138 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Gornushkin, I. B.

G. Galbacs, I. B. Gornushkin, B. W. Smith, J. D. Winefordner, “Semi-quantitative analysis of binary alloys using laser-induced breakdown spectroscopy and a new calibration approach based on linear correlation,” Spectrochim. Acta Part B 56, 1159–1173 (2001).
[CrossRef]

I. B. Gornushkin, B. W. Smith, H. Nasajpour, J. D. Winefordner, “Identification of solid materials by correlation analysis using a microscopic laser-induced plasma spectrometer,” Anal. Chem. 71, 5157–5164 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Gornushkin, S. I.

Haisch, C.

S. Florek, C. Haisch, M. Okruss, H. Becker-Ross, “A new, versatile echelle spectrometer relevant to laser induced plasma applications,” Spectrochim. Acta Part B 56, 1027–1034 (2001).
[CrossRef]

C. Haisch, U. Panne, R. Niessner, “Combination of an intensified charge coupled device with an echelle spectrograph for analysis of colloidal material by laser-induced plasma spectroscopy,” Spectrochim. Acta Part B 53, 1657–1667 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Harith, M. A.

B. Charfi, M. A. Harith, “Panoramic laser-induced breakdown spectrometry of water,” Spectrochim. Acta Part B 57, 1141–1153 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Héon, R.

V. Detalle, R. Héon, M. Sabsabi, L. St Onge, “An evaluation of a commercial echelle spectrometer with intensified charge-coupled device detector for materials analysis by laser-induced plasma spectroscopy,” Spectrochim. Acta Part B 56, 1011–1025 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Hoskins, R.

S. R. Goode, S. L. Morgan, R. Hoskins, A. Oxsher, “Identifying alloys by laser-induced breakdown spectroscopy with a time-resolved high resolution echelle spectrometer,” J. Anal. At. Spectrom. 15, 1133–1138 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Johnston, T. W.

B. Le Drogoff, J. Margot, M. Chaker, M. Sabsabi, O. Barthelemy, T. W. Johnston, S. Laville, F. Vidal, Y. Von Kaenel, “Temporal characterization of femtosecond laser pulses induced plasma for spectrochemical analysis of aluminium alloys,” Spectrochim. Acta Part B 56, 987–1002 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Kaiser, J.

O. Samek, D. C. S. Beddows, J. Kaiser, S. V. Kukhlevsky, M. Liska, H. H. Telle, J. Young, “Application of laser-induced breakdown spectroscopy to in-situ analysis of liquid samples,” Opt. Eng. 39, 2248–2262 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Kim, J.-I.

Klenze, R.

Knight, A. K.

B. C. Castle, A. K. Knight, K. Visser, B. W. Smith, J. D. Winefordner, “Battery powered laser induced plasma spectrometer for elemental determinations,” J. Anal. At. Spectrom. 13, 589–595 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Kossakovski, D.

D. Kossakovski, J. L. Beauchamp, “Topographical and chemical microanalysis of surfaces with a scanning probe microscope and laser-induced breakdown spectroscopy,” Anal. Chem. 72, 4731–4737 (2000).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Kreuchwig, L.

A. Uhl, K. Loebe, L. Kreuchwig, “Fast analysis of wood preservers using laser induced breakdown spectroscopy,” Spectrochim. Acta Part B 56, 795–806 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Kukhlevsky, S. V.

O. Samek, D. C. S. Beddows, J. Kaiser, S. V. Kukhlevsky, M. Liska, H. H. Telle, J. Young, “Application of laser-induced breakdown spectroscopy to in-situ analysis of liquid samples,” Opt. Eng. 39, 2248–2262 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Lacour, J. L.

R. Brennetot, J. L. Lacour, E. Vors, A. Rivoallan, D. Vailhen, S. Maurice, “MALIS (Mars analysis by laser-induced breakdown spectroscopy): influence of Mars atmosphere on plasma emission. Study of factors influencing plasma emission with the use of Doehlert designs,” Appl. Spectrosc. (to be published).

Laville, S.

B. Le Drogoff, J. Margot, M. Chaker, M. Sabsabi, O. Barthelemy, T. W. Johnston, S. Laville, F. Vidal, Y. Von Kaenel, “Temporal characterization of femtosecond laser pulses induced plasma for spectrochemical analysis of aluminium alloys,” Spectrochim. Acta Part B 56, 987–1002 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Lawson, S.

A. I. Whitehouse, J. Young, I. M. Botheroyd, S. Lawson, C. P. Evans, J. Wright, “Remote material analysis of nuclear power station steam generator tubes by laser-induced breakdown spectroscopy,” Spectrochim. Acta Part B 56, 821–830 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Le Drogoff, B.

B. Le Drogoff, J. Margot, M. Chaker, M. Sabsabi, O. Barthelemy, T. W. Johnston, S. Laville, F. Vidal, Y. Von Kaenel, “Temporal characterization of femtosecond laser pulses induced plasma for spectrochemical analysis of aluminium alloys,” Spectrochim. Acta Part B 56, 987–1002 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Leis, F.

H. E. Bauer, F. Leis, K. Niemax, “Laser induced breakdown spectrometry with an echelle spectrometer and intensified charge coupled device detection,” Spectrochim. Acta 53, 1815–1825 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Lindblom, P.

P. Lindblom, “New compact echelle spectrographs with multichannel time-resolved recording capabilities,” Anal. Chim. Acta 380, 353–361 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Liska, M.

D. C. S. Beddows, O. Samek, M. Liska, H. H. Telle, “Single-pulse laser-induced breakdown spectroscopy of samples submerged in water using a single-fibre light delivery system,” Spectrochim. Acta Part B 57, 1461–1471 (2002).
[CrossRef]

O. Samek, D. C. S. Beddows, J. Kaiser, S. V. Kukhlevsky, M. Liska, H. H. Telle, J. Young, “Application of laser-induced breakdown spectroscopy to in-situ analysis of liquid samples,” Opt. Eng. 39, 2248–2262 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Loebe, K.

A. Uhl, K. Loebe, L. Kreuchwig, “Fast analysis of wood preservers using laser induced breakdown spectroscopy,” Spectrochim. Acta Part B 56, 795–806 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Margot, J.

B. Le Drogoff, J. Margot, M. Chaker, M. Sabsabi, O. Barthelemy, T. W. Johnston, S. Laville, F. Vidal, Y. Von Kaenel, “Temporal characterization of femtosecond laser pulses induced plasma for spectrochemical analysis of aluminium alloys,” Spectrochim. Acta Part B 56, 987–1002 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Mauchien, P.

P. Fichet, P. Mauchien, J. F. Wagner, C. Moulin, “Quantitative elemental determination in water and oil by laser induced breakdown spectroscopy,” Anal. Chim. Acta 429, 269–278 (2001).
[CrossRef]

P. Fichet, P. Mauchien, C. Moulin, “Determination of impurities in uranium and plutonium dioxides by laser-induced breakdown spectroscopy,” Appl. Spectrosc. 53, 1111–1117 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Maurice, S.

R. Brennetot, J. L. Lacour, E. Vors, A. Rivoallan, D. Vailhen, S. Maurice, “MALIS (Mars analysis by laser-induced breakdown spectroscopy): influence of Mars atmosphere on plasma emission. Study of factors influencing plasma emission with the use of Doehlert designs,” Appl. Spectrosc. (to be published).

D. A. Cremers, R. C. Wiens, M. J. Ferris, J. D. Blasic, R. Brennetot, S. Maurice, “Development of laser-induced breakdown spectroscopy (LIBS) for analysis of geological samples on planetary missions,” presented at the Lunar and Planetary Science XXXIII meeting, Houston, Tex., 11–15 March 2002.

Morgan, S. L.

S. R. Goode, S. L. Morgan, R. Hoskins, A. Oxsher, “Identifying alloys by laser-induced breakdown spectroscopy with a time-resolved high resolution echelle spectrometer,” J. Anal. At. Spectrom. 15, 1133–1138 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Moulin, C.

P. Fichet, P. Mauchien, J. F. Wagner, C. Moulin, “Quantitative elemental determination in water and oil by laser induced breakdown spectroscopy,” Anal. Chim. Acta 429, 269–278 (2001).
[CrossRef]

P. Fichet, P. Mauchien, C. Moulin, “Determination of impurities in uranium and plutonium dioxides by laser-induced breakdown spectroscopy,” Appl. Spectrosc. 53, 1111–1117 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Nardone, N.

M. Bicchieri, N. Nardone, P. A. Russo, A. Sodo, M. Corsi, G. Cristoforetti, V. Palleschi, A. Salvetti, E. Tognoni, “Characterization of azurite and lazurite bazed pigments by laser induced breakdown spectroscopy,” Spectrochim. Acta Part B 56, 915–922 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Nasajpour, H.

I. B. Gornushkin, B. W. Smith, H. Nasajpour, J. D. Winefordner, “Identification of solid materials by correlation analysis using a microscopic laser-induced plasma spectrometer,” Anal. Chem. 71, 5157–5164 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Niemax, K.

H. E. Bauer, F. Leis, K. Niemax, “Laser induced breakdown spectrometry with an echelle spectrometer and intensified charge coupled device detection,” Spectrochim. Acta 53, 1815–1825 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Niessner, R.

H. Fink, U. Panne, R. Niessner, “Analysis of recycled thermoplasts from consumer electronics by laser-induced plasma spectroscopy,” Anal. Chim. Acta 440, 17–25 (2001).
[CrossRef]

C. Haisch, U. Panne, R. Niessner, “Combination of an intensified charge coupled device with an echelle spectrograph for analysis of colloidal material by laser-induced plasma spectroscopy,” Spectrochim. Acta Part B 53, 1657–1667 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Okruss, M.

S. Florek, C. Haisch, M. Okruss, H. Becker-Ross, “A new, versatile echelle spectrometer relevant to laser induced plasma applications,” Spectrochim. Acta Part B 56, 1027–1034 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Oxsher, A.

S. R. Goode, S. L. Morgan, R. Hoskins, A. Oxsher, “Identifying alloys by laser-induced breakdown spectroscopy with a time-resolved high resolution echelle spectrometer,” J. Anal. At. Spectrom. 15, 1133–1138 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Palleschi, V.

M. Bicchieri, N. Nardone, P. A. Russo, A. Sodo, M. Corsi, G. Cristoforetti, V. Palleschi, A. Salvetti, E. Tognoni, “Characterization of azurite and lazurite bazed pigments by laser induced breakdown spectroscopy,” Spectrochim. Acta Part B 56, 915–922 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Panne, U.

H. Fink, U. Panne, R. Niessner, “Analysis of recycled thermoplasts from consumer electronics by laser-induced plasma spectroscopy,” Anal. Chim. Acta 440, 17–25 (2001).
[CrossRef]

C. Haisch, U. Panne, R. Niessner, “Combination of an intensified charge coupled device with an echelle spectrograph for analysis of colloidal material by laser-induced plasma spectroscopy,” Spectrochim. Acta Part B 53, 1657–1667 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Rai, A. K.

A. K. Rai, H. Zhang, F. Y. Yueh, J. P. Singh, A. Weisburg, “Parametric study of a fiber-optic laser-induced breakdown spectroscopy probe for analysis of aluminum alloys,” Spectrochim. Acta Part B 56, 2371–2383 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Rivoallan, A.

R. Brennetot, J. L. Lacour, E. Vors, A. Rivoallan, D. Vailhen, S. Maurice, “MALIS (Mars analysis by laser-induced breakdown spectroscopy): influence of Mars atmosphere on plasma emission. Study of factors influencing plasma emission with the use of Doehlert designs,” Appl. Spectrosc. (to be published).

Russo, P. A.

M. Bicchieri, N. Nardone, P. A. Russo, A. Sodo, M. Corsi, G. Cristoforetti, V. Palleschi, A. Salvetti, E. Tognoni, “Characterization of azurite and lazurite bazed pigments by laser induced breakdown spectroscopy,” Spectrochim. Acta Part B 56, 915–922 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Sabsabi, M.

V. Detalle, R. Héon, M. Sabsabi, L. St Onge, “An evaluation of a commercial echelle spectrometer with intensified charge-coupled device detector for materials analysis by laser-induced plasma spectroscopy,” Spectrochim. Acta Part B 56, 1011–1025 (2001).
[CrossRef]

B. Le Drogoff, J. Margot, M. Chaker, M. Sabsabi, O. Barthelemy, T. W. Johnston, S. Laville, F. Vidal, Y. Von Kaenel, “Temporal characterization of femtosecond laser pulses induced plasma for spectrochemical analysis of aluminium alloys,” Spectrochim. Acta Part B 56, 987–1002 (2001).
[CrossRef]

M. Sabsabi, P. Cielo, “Quantitative analysis of aluminum alloys by laser-induced breakdown spectroscopy and plasma characterization,” Appl. Spectrosc. 49, 499–507 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Salvetti, A.

M. Bicchieri, N. Nardone, P. A. Russo, A. Sodo, M. Corsi, G. Cristoforetti, V. Palleschi, A. Salvetti, E. Tognoni, “Characterization of azurite and lazurite bazed pigments by laser induced breakdown spectroscopy,” Spectrochim. Acta Part B 56, 915–922 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Samek, O.

D. C. S. Beddows, O. Samek, M. Liska, H. H. Telle, “Single-pulse laser-induced breakdown spectroscopy of samples submerged in water using a single-fibre light delivery system,” Spectrochim. Acta Part B 57, 1461–1471 (2002).
[CrossRef]

O. Samek, D. C. S. Beddows, J. Kaiser, S. V. Kukhlevsky, M. Liska, H. H. Telle, J. Young, “Application of laser-induced breakdown spectroscopy to in-situ analysis of liquid samples,” Opt. Eng. 39, 2248–2262 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Singh, J. P.

A. K. Rai, H. Zhang, F. Y. Yueh, J. P. Singh, A. Weisburg, “Parametric study of a fiber-optic laser-induced breakdown spectroscopy probe for analysis of aluminum alloys,” Spectrochim. Acta Part B 56, 2371–2383 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Smith, B. W.

S. I. Gornushkin, J. M. Anzano, B. W. Smith, J. D. Winefordner, “Effective normalization technique for correction of matrix effects in laser-induced breakdown spectroscopy detection of magnesium in powdered samples,” Appl. Spectrosc. 56, 433–436 (2002).
[CrossRef]

G. Galbacs, I. B. Gornushkin, B. W. Smith, J. D. Winefordner, “Semi-quantitative analysis of binary alloys using laser-induced breakdown spectroscopy and a new calibration approach based on linear correlation,” Spectrochim. Acta Part B 56, 1159–1173 (2001).
[CrossRef]

I. B. Gornushkin, B. W. Smith, H. Nasajpour, J. D. Winefordner, “Identification of solid materials by correlation analysis using a microscopic laser-induced plasma spectrometer,” Anal. Chem. 71, 5157–5164 (1999).
[CrossRef]

B. C. Castle, A. K. Knight, K. Visser, B. W. Smith, J. D. Winefordner, “Battery powered laser induced plasma spectrometer for elemental determinations,” J. Anal. At. Spectrom. 13, 589–595 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Sodo, A.

M. Bicchieri, N. Nardone, P. A. Russo, A. Sodo, M. Corsi, G. Cristoforetti, V. Palleschi, A. Salvetti, E. Tognoni, “Characterization of azurite and lazurite bazed pigments by laser induced breakdown spectroscopy,” Spectrochim. Acta Part B 56, 915–922 (2001).
[CrossRef]

St Onge, L.

V. Detalle, R. Héon, M. Sabsabi, L. St Onge, “An evaluation of a commercial echelle spectrometer with intensified charge-coupled device detector for materials analysis by laser-induced plasma spectroscopy,” Spectrochim. Acta Part B 56, 1011–1025 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Telle, H. H.

D. C. S. Beddows, O. Samek, M. Liska, H. H. Telle, “Single-pulse laser-induced breakdown spectroscopy of samples submerged in water using a single-fibre light delivery system,” Spectrochim. Acta Part B 57, 1461–1471 (2002).
[CrossRef]

O. Samek, D. C. S. Beddows, J. Kaiser, S. V. Kukhlevsky, M. Liska, H. H. Telle, J. Young, “Application of laser-induced breakdown spectroscopy to in-situ analysis of liquid samples,” Opt. Eng. 39, 2248–2262 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Tognoni, E.

M. Bicchieri, N. Nardone, P. A. Russo, A. Sodo, M. Corsi, G. Cristoforetti, V. Palleschi, A. Salvetti, E. Tognoni, “Characterization of azurite and lazurite bazed pigments by laser induced breakdown spectroscopy,” Spectrochim. Acta Part B 56, 915–922 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Uhl, A.

A. Uhl, K. Loebe, L. Kreuchwig, “Fast analysis of wood preservers using laser induced breakdown spectroscopy,” Spectrochim. Acta Part B 56, 795–806 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Vailhen, D.

R. Brennetot, J. L. Lacour, E. Vors, A. Rivoallan, D. Vailhen, S. Maurice, “MALIS (Mars analysis by laser-induced breakdown spectroscopy): influence of Mars atmosphere on plasma emission. Study of factors influencing plasma emission with the use of Doehlert designs,” Appl. Spectrosc. (to be published).

Vidal, F.

B. Le Drogoff, J. Margot, M. Chaker, M. Sabsabi, O. Barthelemy, T. W. Johnston, S. Laville, F. Vidal, Y. Von Kaenel, “Temporal characterization of femtosecond laser pulses induced plasma for spectrochemical analysis of aluminium alloys,” Spectrochim. Acta Part B 56, 987–1002 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Visser, K.

B. C. Castle, A. K. Knight, K. Visser, B. W. Smith, J. D. Winefordner, “Battery powered laser induced plasma spectrometer for elemental determinations,” J. Anal. At. Spectrom. 13, 589–595 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Von Kaenel, Y.

B. Le Drogoff, J. Margot, M. Chaker, M. Sabsabi, O. Barthelemy, T. W. Johnston, S. Laville, F. Vidal, Y. Von Kaenel, “Temporal characterization of femtosecond laser pulses induced plasma for spectrochemical analysis of aluminium alloys,” Spectrochim. Acta Part B 56, 987–1002 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Vors, E.

R. Brennetot, J. L. Lacour, E. Vors, A. Rivoallan, D. Vailhen, S. Maurice, “MALIS (Mars analysis by laser-induced breakdown spectroscopy): influence of Mars atmosphere on plasma emission. Study of factors influencing plasma emission with the use of Doehlert designs,” Appl. Spectrosc. (to be published).

Wagner, J. F.

P. Fichet, P. Mauchien, J. F. Wagner, C. Moulin, “Quantitative elemental determination in water and oil by laser induced breakdown spectroscopy,” Anal. Chim. Acta 429, 269–278 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Weisburg, A.

A. K. Rai, H. Zhang, F. Y. Yueh, J. P. Singh, A. Weisburg, “Parametric study of a fiber-optic laser-induced breakdown spectroscopy probe for analysis of aluminum alloys,” Spectrochim. Acta Part B 56, 2371–2383 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Whitehouse, A. I.

A. I. Whitehouse, J. Young, I. M. Botheroyd, S. Lawson, C. P. Evans, J. Wright, “Remote material analysis of nuclear power station steam generator tubes by laser-induced breakdown spectroscopy,” Spectrochim. Acta Part B 56, 821–830 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Wiens, R. C.

D. A. Cremers, R. C. Wiens, M. J. Ferris, J. D. Blasic, R. Brennetot, S. Maurice, “Development of laser-induced breakdown spectroscopy (LIBS) for analysis of geological samples on planetary missions,” presented at the Lunar and Planetary Science XXXIII meeting, Houston, Tex., 11–15 March 2002.

Winefordner, J. D.

S. I. Gornushkin, J. M. Anzano, B. W. Smith, J. D. Winefordner, “Effective normalization technique for correction of matrix effects in laser-induced breakdown spectroscopy detection of magnesium in powdered samples,” Appl. Spectrosc. 56, 433–436 (2002).
[CrossRef]

G. Galbacs, I. B. Gornushkin, B. W. Smith, J. D. Winefordner, “Semi-quantitative analysis of binary alloys using laser-induced breakdown spectroscopy and a new calibration approach based on linear correlation,” Spectrochim. Acta Part B 56, 1159–1173 (2001).
[CrossRef]

I. B. Gornushkin, B. W. Smith, H. Nasajpour, J. D. Winefordner, “Identification of solid materials by correlation analysis using a microscopic laser-induced plasma spectrometer,” Anal. Chem. 71, 5157–5164 (1999).
[CrossRef]

B. C. Castle, A. K. Knight, K. Visser, B. W. Smith, J. D. Winefordner, “Battery powered laser induced plasma spectrometer for elemental determinations,” J. Anal. At. Spectrom. 13, 589–595 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Wright, J.

A. I. Whitehouse, J. Young, I. M. Botheroyd, S. Lawson, C. P. Evans, J. Wright, “Remote material analysis of nuclear power station steam generator tubes by laser-induced breakdown spectroscopy,” Spectrochim. Acta Part B 56, 821–830 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Young, J.

A. I. Whitehouse, J. Young, I. M. Botheroyd, S. Lawson, C. P. Evans, J. Wright, “Remote material analysis of nuclear power station steam generator tubes by laser-induced breakdown spectroscopy,” Spectrochim. Acta Part B 56, 821–830 (2001).
[CrossRef]

O. Samek, D. C. S. Beddows, J. Kaiser, S. V. Kukhlevsky, M. Liska, H. H. Telle, J. Young, “Application of laser-induced breakdown spectroscopy to in-situ analysis of liquid samples,” Opt. Eng. 39, 2248–2262 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Yueh, F. Y.

A. K. Rai, H. Zhang, F. Y. Yueh, J. P. Singh, A. Weisburg, “Parametric study of a fiber-optic laser-induced breakdown spectroscopy probe for analysis of aluminum alloys,” Spectrochim. Acta Part B 56, 2371–2383 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Yun, J. I.

Zhang, H.

A. K. Rai, H. Zhang, F. Y. Yueh, J. P. Singh, A. Weisburg, “Parametric study of a fiber-optic laser-induced breakdown spectroscopy probe for analysis of aluminum alloys,” Spectrochim. Acta Part B 56, 2371–2383 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Anal. Chem. (2)

I. B. Gornushkin, B. W. Smith, H. Nasajpour, J. D. Winefordner, “Identification of solid materials by correlation analysis using a microscopic laser-induced plasma spectrometer,” Anal. Chem. 71, 5157–5164 (1999).
[CrossRef]

D. Kossakovski, J. L. Beauchamp, “Topographical and chemical microanalysis of surfaces with a scanning probe microscope and laser-induced breakdown spectroscopy,” Anal. Chem. 72, 4731–4737 (2000).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Anal. Chim. Acta (3)

P. Lindblom, “New compact echelle spectrographs with multichannel time-resolved recording capabilities,” Anal. Chim. Acta 380, 353–361 (1998).
[CrossRef]

P. Fichet, P. Mauchien, J. F. Wagner, C. Moulin, “Quantitative elemental determination in water and oil by laser induced breakdown spectroscopy,” Anal. Chim. Acta 429, 269–278 (2001).
[CrossRef]

H. Fink, U. Panne, R. Niessner, “Analysis of recycled thermoplasts from consumer electronics by laser-induced plasma spectroscopy,” Anal. Chim. Acta 440, 17–25 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Appl. Spectrosc. (4)

J. Anal. At. Spectrom. (2)

S. R. Goode, S. L. Morgan, R. Hoskins, A. Oxsher, “Identifying alloys by laser-induced breakdown spectroscopy with a time-resolved high resolution echelle spectrometer,” J. Anal. At. Spectrom. 15, 1133–1138 (2000).
[CrossRef]

B. C. Castle, A. K. Knight, K. Visser, B. W. Smith, J. D. Winefordner, “Battery powered laser induced plasma spectrometer for elemental determinations,” J. Anal. At. Spectrom. 13, 589–595 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Eng. (1)

O. Samek, D. C. S. Beddows, J. Kaiser, S. V. Kukhlevsky, M. Liska, H. H. Telle, J. Young, “Application of laser-induced breakdown spectroscopy to in-situ analysis of liquid samples,” Opt. Eng. 39, 2248–2262 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Spectrochim. Acta (1)

H. E. Bauer, F. Leis, K. Niemax, “Laser induced breakdown spectrometry with an echelle spectrometer and intensified charge coupled device detection,” Spectrochim. Acta 53, 1815–1825 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Spectrochim. Acta Part B (11)

C. Haisch, U. Panne, R. Niessner, “Combination of an intensified charge coupled device with an echelle spectrograph for analysis of colloidal material by laser-induced plasma spectroscopy,” Spectrochim. Acta Part B 53, 1657–1667 (1998).
[CrossRef]

S. Florek, C. Haisch, M. Okruss, H. Becker-Ross, “A new, versatile echelle spectrometer relevant to laser induced plasma applications,” Spectrochim. Acta Part B 56, 1027–1034 (2001).
[CrossRef]

A. I. Whitehouse, J. Young, I. M. Botheroyd, S. Lawson, C. P. Evans, J. Wright, “Remote material analysis of nuclear power station steam generator tubes by laser-induced breakdown spectroscopy,” Spectrochim. Acta Part B 56, 821–830 (2001).
[CrossRef]

M. Bicchieri, N. Nardone, P. A. Russo, A. Sodo, M. Corsi, G. Cristoforetti, V. Palleschi, A. Salvetti, E. Tognoni, “Characterization of azurite and lazurite bazed pigments by laser induced breakdown spectroscopy,” Spectrochim. Acta Part B 56, 915–922 (2001).
[CrossRef]

B. Charfi, M. A. Harith, “Panoramic laser-induced breakdown spectrometry of water,” Spectrochim. Acta Part B 57, 1141–1153 (2002).
[CrossRef]

A. Uhl, K. Loebe, L. Kreuchwig, “Fast analysis of wood preservers using laser induced breakdown spectroscopy,” Spectrochim. Acta Part B 56, 795–806 (2001).
[CrossRef]

V. Detalle, R. Héon, M. Sabsabi, L. St Onge, “An evaluation of a commercial echelle spectrometer with intensified charge-coupled device detector for materials analysis by laser-induced plasma spectroscopy,” Spectrochim. Acta Part B 56, 1011–1025 (2001).
[CrossRef]

A. K. Rai, H. Zhang, F. Y. Yueh, J. P. Singh, A. Weisburg, “Parametric study of a fiber-optic laser-induced breakdown spectroscopy probe for analysis of aluminum alloys,” Spectrochim. Acta Part B 56, 2371–2383 (2001).
[CrossRef]

D. C. S. Beddows, O. Samek, M. Liska, H. H. Telle, “Single-pulse laser-induced breakdown spectroscopy of samples submerged in water using a single-fibre light delivery system,” Spectrochim. Acta Part B 57, 1461–1471 (2002).
[CrossRef]

B. Le Drogoff, J. Margot, M. Chaker, M. Sabsabi, O. Barthelemy, T. W. Johnston, S. Laville, F. Vidal, Y. Von Kaenel, “Temporal characterization of femtosecond laser pulses induced plasma for spectrochemical analysis of aluminium alloys,” Spectrochim. Acta Part B 56, 987–1002 (2001).
[CrossRef]

G. Galbacs, I. B. Gornushkin, B. W. Smith, J. D. Winefordner, “Semi-quantitative analysis of binary alloys using laser-induced breakdown spectroscopy and a new calibration approach based on linear correlation,” Spectrochim. Acta Part B 56, 1159–1173 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Other (6)

NIST Atomic Spectra Database; www.physics.nist.gov/cgi-bin/atdata/main_asd .

R. Brennetot, J. L. Lacour, E. Vors, A. Rivoallan, D. Vailhen, S. Maurice, “MALIS (Mars analysis by laser-induced breakdown spectroscopy): influence of Mars atmosphere on plasma emission. Study of factors influencing plasma emission with the use of Doehlert designs,” Appl. Spectrosc. (to be published).

D. A. Cremers, R. C. Wiens, M. J. Ferris, J. D. Blasic, R. Brennetot, S. Maurice, “Development of laser-induced breakdown spectroscopy (LIBS) for analysis of geological samples on planetary missions,” presented at the Lunar and Planetary Science XXXIII meeting, Houston, Tex., 11–15 March 2002.

LLA Instruments GmbHScwarzschildstrasse 10, D-12489 Berlin-Adlershof, Germany, Model ESA 3000; www.lla.de .

Catalina Scientific Corporation, 2930 West Saint Tropez Avenue, Tucson, Ariz. 85713, Model SE 200 echelle spectrograph; www.catalinasci.com .

Multichannel Instruments AB, Pilotgatan 2, S-12832 Skarpnäck (Stockolm) Sweden, Models Mechelle 900 and Mechelle 7500; www.multichannel.se .

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Figures (6)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

Experimental setup for analysis of liquids.

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

Calibration curve of Na in an aqueous solution obtained with an echelle spectrometer (equation of the line, y = 1899x + 3831; R 2 = 0.9983).

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

Calibration curves, with (detection limit, 0.3 µg/ml; equation of the line, y = 0.12x + 0.15, R 2 = 1) and without (detection limit, 0.36 µg/ml; equation of the line, y = 6093x + 8455, R 2 = 1) Sc as an internal standard, for Ba in an aqueous solution obtained with an echelle spectrometer.

Fig. 4
Fig. 4

Calibration curve obtained for Ni in Al alloys (equation of the line, y = 19.3x + 0.3, R 2 = 0.99).

Fig. 5
Fig. 5

Comparison of a reference spectrum of Ti in an aqueous solution and lines observed in the unknown powder spectrum.

Fig. 6
Fig. 6

Spectrum of a portion of a N2-Kr mixture.

Tables (3)

Tables Icon

Table 1 Part of the LIBS Spectral Database Obtained for Co in This Work Compared to NIST Dataa

Tables Icon

Table 2 Limits of Detection (µg ml-1) of Na and Mg in Water

Tables Icon

Table 3 Detection Limits Obtained for Trace Elements in Al Alloysa

Metrics