Abstract

Systematics of the Novaya Zemlya (NZ) effect are discussed in the context of sunsets. We distinguish full mirages, exhibiting oscillatory light paths and their onsets, the subcritical mirages. Ray-tracing examples and sequences of solar images are shown. We discuss two historical observations by Fridtjof Nansen and by Vivian Fuchs, and we report a recent South Pole observation of the NZ effect for the Moon.

© 2003 Optical Society of America

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References

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    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
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  5. E. Shackleton, South: The Story of Shackleton’s Last Expedition 1914–1917 (MacMillan, New York, 1920).
  6. Sir Vivian Fuchs, Sir Edmund Hillary, The Crossing of Antarctica, The Commonwealth Trans-Antarctic Expedition 1955–1958 (Cassel, London, 1958).
  7. S. Y. van der Werf, G. P. Können, W. H. Lehn, F. Steenhuisen, W. P. S. Davidson, “Gerrit de Veer’s true and perfect description of the Novaya Zemlya effect, 24–27 January 1597,” Appl. Opt. 42, 379–389 (2003).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  8. S. Y. van der Werf, “Ray tracing and refraction in the modified US1976 atmosphere,” Appl. Opt. 42, 354–366 (2003).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  9. L. H. Auer, E. M. Standish, “Astronomical refraction: computational method for all zenith angles,” Astron. J. 119, 2472–2477 (2000).
    [CrossRef]
  10. D. R. Lide, Handbook of Chemistry and Physics, 81st ed. (CRC Press, Boca Raton, Fla., 2000).
  11. M. Born, E. Wolf, Principles of Optics, 7th ed. (Cambridge University, Cambridge, UK, 1999).

2003 (2)

2000 (1)

L. H. Auer, E. M. Standish, “Astronomical refraction: computational method for all zenith angles,” Astron. J. 119, 2472–2477 (2000).
[CrossRef]

1997 (1)

Auer, L. H.

L. H. Auer, E. M. Standish, “Astronomical refraction: computational method for all zenith angles,” Astron. J. 119, 2472–2477 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Born, M.

M. Born, E. Wolf, Principles of Optics, 7th ed. (Cambridge University, Cambridge, UK, 1999).

Davidson, W. P. S.

De Veer, G.

G. De Veer, Waerachtige Beschryvinge van drie seylagiën ter werelt noyt soo vreemt ghehoort, Cornelis Claesz, ed. (Amsterdam, 1598).

G. De Veer, The True and Perfect Description of Three Voyages, so Strange and Woonderfull That the Like Hath Never Been Heard of before; translation of Ref. 2 by William Phillip, ed. (Pauier, London, 1609).

Fuchs, Sir Vivian

Sir Vivian Fuchs, Sir Edmund Hillary, The Crossing of Antarctica, The Commonwealth Trans-Antarctic Expedition 1955–1958 (Cassel, London, 1958).

Hillary, Sir Edmund

Sir Vivian Fuchs, Sir Edmund Hillary, The Crossing of Antarctica, The Commonwealth Trans-Antarctic Expedition 1955–1958 (Cassel, London, 1958).

Kattawar, G. W.

Können, G. P.

Lehn, W. H.

Lide, D. R.

D. R. Lide, Handbook of Chemistry and Physics, 81st ed. (CRC Press, Boca Raton, Fla., 2000).

Nansen, F.

F. Nansen, Fram over polhavet: den Norske polarfaerd 1893–1896; med en tillaeg af Otto Sverdrup, H. Aschehoug, ed. (Kristiania, Oslo, 1897).

Parvainen, P.

Shackleton, E.

E. Shackleton, South: The Story of Shackleton’s Last Expedition 1914–1917 (MacMillan, New York, 1920).

Standish, E. M.

L. H. Auer, E. M. Standish, “Astronomical refraction: computational method for all zenith angles,” Astron. J. 119, 2472–2477 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Steenhuisen, F.

van der Werf, S. Y.

Wolf, E.

M. Born, E. Wolf, Principles of Optics, 7th ed. (Cambridge University, Cambridge, UK, 1999).

Young, A. T.

Appl. Opt. (3)

Astron. J. (1)

L. H. Auer, E. M. Standish, “Astronomical refraction: computational method for all zenith angles,” Astron. J. 119, 2472–2477 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Other (7)

D. R. Lide, Handbook of Chemistry and Physics, 81st ed. (CRC Press, Boca Raton, Fla., 2000).

M. Born, E. Wolf, Principles of Optics, 7th ed. (Cambridge University, Cambridge, UK, 1999).

G. De Veer, Waerachtige Beschryvinge van drie seylagiën ter werelt noyt soo vreemt ghehoort, Cornelis Claesz, ed. (Amsterdam, 1598).

G. De Veer, The True and Perfect Description of Three Voyages, so Strange and Woonderfull That the Like Hath Never Been Heard of before; translation of Ref. 2 by William Phillip, ed. (Pauier, London, 1609).

F. Nansen, Fram over polhavet: den Norske polarfaerd 1893–1896; med en tillaeg af Otto Sverdrup, H. Aschehoug, ed. (Kristiania, Oslo, 1897).

E. Shackleton, South: The Story of Shackleton’s Last Expedition 1914–1917 (MacMillan, New York, 1920).

Sir Vivian Fuchs, Sir Edmund Hillary, The Crossing of Antarctica, The Commonwealth Trans-Antarctic Expedition 1955–1958 (Cassel, London, 1958).

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