Abstract

We report a first demonstration, to our knowledge, of a cw passively mode-locked Nd:GdVO4 laser (λ = 1063 nm). A relaxed saturable Bragg reflector was used. The laser generates pulses of 9.2 ps at a repetition rate of 119 MHz. As much as 5.4 W of average power was realized with a slope efficiency of 25.7%.

© 2003 Optical Society of America

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  1. S. C. Tidwell, J. F. Seamans, M. S. Bowers, A. K. Cousins, “Scaling cw diode-end-pumped Nd:YAG lasers to high average powers,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 28, 997–1009 (1992).
    [CrossRef]
  2. W. A. Clarkson, D. C. Hanna, “Efficient Nd:YAG laser end pumped by a 20-W diode-laser bar,” Opt. Lett. 21, 869–871 (1996).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  3. W. A. Clarkson, P. J. Hardman, D. C. Hanna, “High-power diode-bar end-pumped Nd:YLF laser at 1.053 mm,” Opt. Lett. 23, 1363–1365 (1998).
    [CrossRef]
  4. U. Keller, K. J. Weingarten, F. X. Kärtner, D. Kopf, B. Braun, I. D. Jung, R. Fluck, C. Hönninger, N. Matuschek, J. Hönningen Aus der Au, “Semiconductor saturable absorber mirrors (SESAM’s) for femtosecond to nanosecond pulse generation in solid-state lasers,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 2, 435–453 (1996).
    [CrossRef]
  5. M. J. Hayduk, S. T. Johns, M. F. Krol, C. R. Pollock, R. P. Leavitt, “Self-starting passively mode-locked tunable femtosecond Cr4+:YAG laser using a saturable absorber mirror,” Optics Commun. 137, 55–58 (1997).
    [CrossRef]
  6. S. Tsuda, W. H. Knox, S. T. Cundiff, W. Y. Jan, J. E. Cunningham, “Mode-locking ultrafast solid-state lasers with saturable Bragg reflectors,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 2, 454–464 (1996).
    [CrossRef]
  7. J. M. Shieh, T. C. Huang, K. F. Huang, C. L. Wang, C. L. Pan, “Broadly tunable self-starting passively mode-locked Ti:sapphire laser with triple-strained quantum-well saturable Bragg reflector,” Optics Commun. 156, 53–57 (1998).
    [CrossRef]
  8. F. X. Kärtner, N. Matuschek, T. Schibli, U. Keller, H. A. Haus, C. Heine, R. Morf, V. Scheuer, M. Tilsch, T. Tschudi, “Design and fabrication of double-chirped mirrors,” Opt. Lett. 22, 831–833 (1997).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
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    [CrossRef]
  10. G. J. Spuhler, T. Sudmeyer, R. Paschotta, M. Moser, K. J. Weingarten, U. Keller, “Passively mode-locked high-power Nd:YAG lasers with multiple laser heads,” Appl. Phys. B 71, 19–25 (2000).
    [CrossRef]
  11. D. Burns, M. Hetterich, A. I. Ferguson, E. Bente, M. D. Dawson, J. I. Davies, S. W. Bland, “High-average-power (20-W) Nd:YVO4 lasers mode locked by strain-compensated saturable Bragg reflectors,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 17, 919–926 (2000).
    [CrossRef]
  12. Y. F. Chen, S. W. Tsai, Y. P. Lan, S. C. Wang, K. F. Huang, “Diode-end-pumped passively mode-locked high-power Nd:YVO4 laser with a relaxed saturable Bragg reflector,” Opt. Lett. 26, 199–201 (2001).
    [CrossRef]
  13. U. Roth, J. E. Balmer, “Neodymium:YLF lasers at 1053 nm passively mode locked with a saturable Bragg reflector,” Appl. Opt. 41, 459–463 (2002).
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    [CrossRef]
  15. H. J. Zhang, J. H. Liu, J. Y. Wang, C. Q. Wang, L. Zhu, Z. S. Shao, X. L. Meng, X. B. Hu, M. H. Jiang, “Characterization of the laser crystal Nd:GdVO4,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 19, 18–27 (2002).
    [CrossRef]
  16. H. Zhang, X. Meng, L. Zhu, J. Liu, C. Wang, Z. Shao, “Laser properties at 1.06 µm for Nd:GdVO4 single crystal pumped by a high power laser diode,” Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. Part 2 38, L1231–L1233 (1999).
    [CrossRef]
  17. D. C. Brown, R. Nelson, L. Billings, “Efficient cw end-pumped, end-cooled Nd:YVO4 diode-pumped laser,” Appl. Opt. 36, 8611–8613 (1997).
    [CrossRef]
  18. C. P. Wyss, W. Lüthy, H. P. Weber, V. I. Vlasov, Yu. D. Zavartsev, P. A. Studenikin, A. I. Zagumennyi, I. A. Shcherbakov, “Performance of a diode-pumped 5 W Nd3+:GdVO4 microchip laser at 1.06 µm,” Appl. Phys. B 68, 659–661 (1999).
    [CrossRef]
  19. J. H. Liu, C. Q. Wang, C. L. Du, L. Zhu, H. Z. Zhang, X. L. Meng, J. Y. Wang, Z. S. Shao, M. H. Jiang, “High-power actively Q-switched Nd:GdVO4 laser end-pumped by a fiber-coupled diode-laser array,” Opt. Commun. 188, 155–162 (2001).
    [CrossRef]
  20. A. Q. Wang, Y. T. Chow, L. Reekie, W. A. Gambling, H. J. Zhang, L. Zhu, X. L. Meng, “A comparative study of the laser performance of diode-laser-pumped Nd:GdVO4 and Nd:YVO4 crystals,” Appl. Phys. B 70, 769–772 (2000).
    [CrossRef]
  21. L. Krainer, R. Paschotta, J. Aus der Au, C. Hönninger, U. Keller, M. Moser, D. Kopf, K. J. Weingarten, “Passively mode-locked Nd:YVO4 laser with up to 13 GHz repetition rate,” Appl. Phys. B 69, 245–247 (1999).
    [CrossRef]
  22. C. Hönninger, R. Paschotta, F. Morier-Genoud, M. Moser, U. Keller, “Q-switching stability limits of continuous-wave passive mode locking,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 16, 46–56 (1999).
    [CrossRef]
  23. A. Robertson, H. Fuchs, U. Ernst, R. Wallenstein, V. Scheuer, T. Tschudi, “Prismless femtosecond Cr:forsterite laser,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 17, 668–671 (2000).
    [CrossRef]

2002 (3)

2001 (2)

Y. F. Chen, S. W. Tsai, Y. P. Lan, S. C. Wang, K. F. Huang, “Diode-end-pumped passively mode-locked high-power Nd:YVO4 laser with a relaxed saturable Bragg reflector,” Opt. Lett. 26, 199–201 (2001).
[CrossRef]

J. H. Liu, C. Q. Wang, C. L. Du, L. Zhu, H. Z. Zhang, X. L. Meng, J. Y. Wang, Z. S. Shao, M. H. Jiang, “High-power actively Q-switched Nd:GdVO4 laser end-pumped by a fiber-coupled diode-laser array,” Opt. Commun. 188, 155–162 (2001).
[CrossRef]

2000 (4)

A. Q. Wang, Y. T. Chow, L. Reekie, W. A. Gambling, H. J. Zhang, L. Zhu, X. L. Meng, “A comparative study of the laser performance of diode-laser-pumped Nd:GdVO4 and Nd:YVO4 crystals,” Appl. Phys. B 70, 769–772 (2000).
[CrossRef]

G. J. Spuhler, T. Sudmeyer, R. Paschotta, M. Moser, K. J. Weingarten, U. Keller, “Passively mode-locked high-power Nd:YAG lasers with multiple laser heads,” Appl. Phys. B 71, 19–25 (2000).
[CrossRef]

D. Burns, M. Hetterich, A. I. Ferguson, E. Bente, M. D. Dawson, J. I. Davies, S. W. Bland, “High-average-power (20-W) Nd:YVO4 lasers mode locked by strain-compensated saturable Bragg reflectors,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 17, 919–926 (2000).
[CrossRef]

A. Robertson, H. Fuchs, U. Ernst, R. Wallenstein, V. Scheuer, T. Tschudi, “Prismless femtosecond Cr:forsterite laser,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 17, 668–671 (2000).
[CrossRef]

1999 (5)

C. Hönninger, R. Paschotta, F. Morier-Genoud, M. Moser, U. Keller, “Q-switching stability limits of continuous-wave passive mode locking,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 16, 46–56 (1999).
[CrossRef]

C. P. Wyss, W. Lüthy, H. P. Weber, V. I. Vlasov, Yu. D. Zavartsev, P. A. Studenikin, A. I. Zagumennyi, I. A. Shcherbakov, “Performance of a diode-pumped 5 W Nd3+:GdVO4 microchip laser at 1.06 µm,” Appl. Phys. B 68, 659–661 (1999).
[CrossRef]

D. H. Sutter, G. Steinmeyer, L. Gallmann, N. Matuschek, F. Morier-Genoud, U. Keller, V. Scheuer, G. Angelow, T. Tschudi, “Semiconductor saturable-absorber mirror-assisted Kerr-lens mode-locked Ti:sapphire laser producing pulses in the two-cycle regime,” Opt. Lett. 24, 631–633 (1999).
[CrossRef]

L. Krainer, R. Paschotta, J. Aus der Au, C. Hönninger, U. Keller, M. Moser, D. Kopf, K. J. Weingarten, “Passively mode-locked Nd:YVO4 laser with up to 13 GHz repetition rate,” Appl. Phys. B 69, 245–247 (1999).
[CrossRef]

H. Zhang, X. Meng, L. Zhu, J. Liu, C. Wang, Z. Shao, “Laser properties at 1.06 µm for Nd:GdVO4 single crystal pumped by a high power laser diode,” Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. Part 2 38, L1231–L1233 (1999).
[CrossRef]

1998 (2)

J. M. Shieh, T. C. Huang, K. F. Huang, C. L. Wang, C. L. Pan, “Broadly tunable self-starting passively mode-locked Ti:sapphire laser with triple-strained quantum-well saturable Bragg reflector,” Optics Commun. 156, 53–57 (1998).
[CrossRef]

W. A. Clarkson, P. J. Hardman, D. C. Hanna, “High-power diode-bar end-pumped Nd:YLF laser at 1.053 mm,” Opt. Lett. 23, 1363–1365 (1998).
[CrossRef]

1997 (3)

1996 (3)

S. Tsuda, W. H. Knox, S. T. Cundiff, W. Y. Jan, J. E. Cunningham, “Mode-locking ultrafast solid-state lasers with saturable Bragg reflectors,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 2, 454–464 (1996).
[CrossRef]

U. Keller, K. J. Weingarten, F. X. Kärtner, D. Kopf, B. Braun, I. D. Jung, R. Fluck, C. Hönninger, N. Matuschek, J. Hönningen Aus der Au, “Semiconductor saturable absorber mirrors (SESAM’s) for femtosecond to nanosecond pulse generation in solid-state lasers,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 2, 435–453 (1996).
[CrossRef]

W. A. Clarkson, D. C. Hanna, “Efficient Nd:YAG laser end pumped by a 20-W diode-laser bar,” Opt. Lett. 21, 869–871 (1996).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

1992 (1)

S. C. Tidwell, J. F. Seamans, M. S. Bowers, A. K. Cousins, “Scaling cw diode-end-pumped Nd:YAG lasers to high average powers,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 28, 997–1009 (1992).
[CrossRef]

Angelow, G.

Aus der Au, J.

L. Krainer, R. Paschotta, J. Aus der Au, C. Hönninger, U. Keller, M. Moser, D. Kopf, K. J. Weingarten, “Passively mode-locked Nd:YVO4 laser with up to 13 GHz repetition rate,” Appl. Phys. B 69, 245–247 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Balmer, J. E.

Bente, E.

Billings, L.

Bland, S. W.

Bowers, M. S.

S. C. Tidwell, J. F. Seamans, M. S. Bowers, A. K. Cousins, “Scaling cw diode-end-pumped Nd:YAG lasers to high average powers,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 28, 997–1009 (1992).
[CrossRef]

Braun, B.

U. Keller, K. J. Weingarten, F. X. Kärtner, D. Kopf, B. Braun, I. D. Jung, R. Fluck, C. Hönninger, N. Matuschek, J. Hönningen Aus der Au, “Semiconductor saturable absorber mirrors (SESAM’s) for femtosecond to nanosecond pulse generation in solid-state lasers,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 2, 435–453 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Brown, D. C.

Burns, D.

Chen, Y. F.

Chow, Y. T.

A. Q. Wang, Y. T. Chow, L. Reekie, W. A. Gambling, H. J. Zhang, L. Zhu, X. L. Meng, “A comparative study of the laser performance of diode-laser-pumped Nd:GdVO4 and Nd:YVO4 crystals,” Appl. Phys. B 70, 769–772 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Clarkson, W. A.

Cousins, A. K.

S. C. Tidwell, J. F. Seamans, M. S. Bowers, A. K. Cousins, “Scaling cw diode-end-pumped Nd:YAG lasers to high average powers,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 28, 997–1009 (1992).
[CrossRef]

Cundiff, S. T.

S. Tsuda, W. H. Knox, S. T. Cundiff, W. Y. Jan, J. E. Cunningham, “Mode-locking ultrafast solid-state lasers with saturable Bragg reflectors,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 2, 454–464 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Cunningham, J. E.

S. Tsuda, W. H. Knox, S. T. Cundiff, W. Y. Jan, J. E. Cunningham, “Mode-locking ultrafast solid-state lasers with saturable Bragg reflectors,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 2, 454–464 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Davies, J. I.

Dawson, M. D.

Du, C. L.

J. H. Liu, C. Q. Wang, C. L. Du, L. Zhu, H. Z. Zhang, X. L. Meng, J. Y. Wang, Z. S. Shao, M. H. Jiang, “High-power actively Q-switched Nd:GdVO4 laser end-pumped by a fiber-coupled diode-laser array,” Opt. Commun. 188, 155–162 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Ernst, U.

Ferguson, A. I.

Fluck, R.

U. Keller, K. J. Weingarten, F. X. Kärtner, D. Kopf, B. Braun, I. D. Jung, R. Fluck, C. Hönninger, N. Matuschek, J. Hönningen Aus der Au, “Semiconductor saturable absorber mirrors (SESAM’s) for femtosecond to nanosecond pulse generation in solid-state lasers,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 2, 435–453 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Fuchs, H.

Gallmann, L.

Gambling, W. A.

A. Q. Wang, Y. T. Chow, L. Reekie, W. A. Gambling, H. J. Zhang, L. Zhu, X. L. Meng, “A comparative study of the laser performance of diode-laser-pumped Nd:GdVO4 and Nd:YVO4 crystals,” Appl. Phys. B 70, 769–772 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Graf, T.

Hanna, D. C.

Hardman, P. J.

Haus, H. A.

Hayduk, M. J.

M. J. Hayduk, S. T. Johns, M. F. Krol, C. R. Pollock, R. P. Leavitt, “Self-starting passively mode-locked tunable femtosecond Cr4+:YAG laser using a saturable absorber mirror,” Optics Commun. 137, 55–58 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Heine, C.

Hetterich, M.

Hönningen Aus der Au, J.

U. Keller, K. J. Weingarten, F. X. Kärtner, D. Kopf, B. Braun, I. D. Jung, R. Fluck, C. Hönninger, N. Matuschek, J. Hönningen Aus der Au, “Semiconductor saturable absorber mirrors (SESAM’s) for femtosecond to nanosecond pulse generation in solid-state lasers,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 2, 435–453 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Hönninger, C.

C. Hönninger, R. Paschotta, F. Morier-Genoud, M. Moser, U. Keller, “Q-switching stability limits of continuous-wave passive mode locking,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 16, 46–56 (1999).
[CrossRef]

L. Krainer, R. Paschotta, J. Aus der Au, C. Hönninger, U. Keller, M. Moser, D. Kopf, K. J. Weingarten, “Passively mode-locked Nd:YVO4 laser with up to 13 GHz repetition rate,” Appl. Phys. B 69, 245–247 (1999).
[CrossRef]

U. Keller, K. J. Weingarten, F. X. Kärtner, D. Kopf, B. Braun, I. D. Jung, R. Fluck, C. Hönninger, N. Matuschek, J. Hönningen Aus der Au, “Semiconductor saturable absorber mirrors (SESAM’s) for femtosecond to nanosecond pulse generation in solid-state lasers,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 2, 435–453 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Hu, X. B.

Huang, K. F.

Y. F. Chen, S. W. Tsai, Y. P. Lan, S. C. Wang, K. F. Huang, “Diode-end-pumped passively mode-locked high-power Nd:YVO4 laser with a relaxed saturable Bragg reflector,” Opt. Lett. 26, 199–201 (2001).
[CrossRef]

J. M. Shieh, T. C. Huang, K. F. Huang, C. L. Wang, C. L. Pan, “Broadly tunable self-starting passively mode-locked Ti:sapphire laser with triple-strained quantum-well saturable Bragg reflector,” Optics Commun. 156, 53–57 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Huang, T. C.

J. M. Shieh, T. C. Huang, K. F. Huang, C. L. Wang, C. L. Pan, “Broadly tunable self-starting passively mode-locked Ti:sapphire laser with triple-strained quantum-well saturable Bragg reflector,” Optics Commun. 156, 53–57 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Jan, W. Y.

S. Tsuda, W. H. Knox, S. T. Cundiff, W. Y. Jan, J. E. Cunningham, “Mode-locking ultrafast solid-state lasers with saturable Bragg reflectors,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 2, 454–464 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Jiang, M. H.

H. J. Zhang, J. H. Liu, J. Y. Wang, C. Q. Wang, L. Zhu, Z. S. Shao, X. L. Meng, X. B. Hu, M. H. Jiang, “Characterization of the laser crystal Nd:GdVO4,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 19, 18–27 (2002).
[CrossRef]

J. H. Liu, C. Q. Wang, C. L. Du, L. Zhu, H. Z. Zhang, X. L. Meng, J. Y. Wang, Z. S. Shao, M. H. Jiang, “High-power actively Q-switched Nd:GdVO4 laser end-pumped by a fiber-coupled diode-laser array,” Opt. Commun. 188, 155–162 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Johns, S. T.

M. J. Hayduk, S. T. Johns, M. F. Krol, C. R. Pollock, R. P. Leavitt, “Self-starting passively mode-locked tunable femtosecond Cr4+:YAG laser using a saturable absorber mirror,” Optics Commun. 137, 55–58 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Jung, I. D.

U. Keller, K. J. Weingarten, F. X. Kärtner, D. Kopf, B. Braun, I. D. Jung, R. Fluck, C. Hönninger, N. Matuschek, J. Hönningen Aus der Au, “Semiconductor saturable absorber mirrors (SESAM’s) for femtosecond to nanosecond pulse generation in solid-state lasers,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 2, 435–453 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Kärtner, F. X.

F. X. Kärtner, N. Matuschek, T. Schibli, U. Keller, H. A. Haus, C. Heine, R. Morf, V. Scheuer, M. Tilsch, T. Tschudi, “Design and fabrication of double-chirped mirrors,” Opt. Lett. 22, 831–833 (1997).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

U. Keller, K. J. Weingarten, F. X. Kärtner, D. Kopf, B. Braun, I. D. Jung, R. Fluck, C. Hönninger, N. Matuschek, J. Hönningen Aus der Au, “Semiconductor saturable absorber mirrors (SESAM’s) for femtosecond to nanosecond pulse generation in solid-state lasers,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 2, 435–453 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Keller, U.

G. J. Spuhler, T. Sudmeyer, R. Paschotta, M. Moser, K. J. Weingarten, U. Keller, “Passively mode-locked high-power Nd:YAG lasers with multiple laser heads,” Appl. Phys. B 71, 19–25 (2000).
[CrossRef]

L. Krainer, R. Paschotta, J. Aus der Au, C. Hönninger, U. Keller, M. Moser, D. Kopf, K. J. Weingarten, “Passively mode-locked Nd:YVO4 laser with up to 13 GHz repetition rate,” Appl. Phys. B 69, 245–247 (1999).
[CrossRef]

C. Hönninger, R. Paschotta, F. Morier-Genoud, M. Moser, U. Keller, “Q-switching stability limits of continuous-wave passive mode locking,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 16, 46–56 (1999).
[CrossRef]

D. H. Sutter, G. Steinmeyer, L. Gallmann, N. Matuschek, F. Morier-Genoud, U. Keller, V. Scheuer, G. Angelow, T. Tschudi, “Semiconductor saturable-absorber mirror-assisted Kerr-lens mode-locked Ti:sapphire laser producing pulses in the two-cycle regime,” Opt. Lett. 24, 631–633 (1999).
[CrossRef]

F. X. Kärtner, N. Matuschek, T. Schibli, U. Keller, H. A. Haus, C. Heine, R. Morf, V. Scheuer, M. Tilsch, T. Tschudi, “Design and fabrication of double-chirped mirrors,” Opt. Lett. 22, 831–833 (1997).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

U. Keller, K. J. Weingarten, F. X. Kärtner, D. Kopf, B. Braun, I. D. Jung, R. Fluck, C. Hönninger, N. Matuschek, J. Hönningen Aus der Au, “Semiconductor saturable absorber mirrors (SESAM’s) for femtosecond to nanosecond pulse generation in solid-state lasers,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 2, 435–453 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Knox, W. H.

S. Tsuda, W. H. Knox, S. T. Cundiff, W. Y. Jan, J. E. Cunningham, “Mode-locking ultrafast solid-state lasers with saturable Bragg reflectors,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 2, 454–464 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Kopf, D.

L. Krainer, R. Paschotta, J. Aus der Au, C. Hönninger, U. Keller, M. Moser, D. Kopf, K. J. Weingarten, “Passively mode-locked Nd:YVO4 laser with up to 13 GHz repetition rate,” Appl. Phys. B 69, 245–247 (1999).
[CrossRef]

U. Keller, K. J. Weingarten, F. X. Kärtner, D. Kopf, B. Braun, I. D. Jung, R. Fluck, C. Hönninger, N. Matuschek, J. Hönningen Aus der Au, “Semiconductor saturable absorber mirrors (SESAM’s) for femtosecond to nanosecond pulse generation in solid-state lasers,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 2, 435–453 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Krainer, L.

L. Krainer, R. Paschotta, J. Aus der Au, C. Hönninger, U. Keller, M. Moser, D. Kopf, K. J. Weingarten, “Passively mode-locked Nd:YVO4 laser with up to 13 GHz repetition rate,” Appl. Phys. B 69, 245–247 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Krol, M. F.

M. J. Hayduk, S. T. Johns, M. F. Krol, C. R. Pollock, R. P. Leavitt, “Self-starting passively mode-locked tunable femtosecond Cr4+:YAG laser using a saturable absorber mirror,” Optics Commun. 137, 55–58 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Lan, Y. P.

Langford, N.

Leavitt, R. P.

M. J. Hayduk, S. T. Johns, M. F. Krol, C. R. Pollock, R. P. Leavitt, “Self-starting passively mode-locked tunable femtosecond Cr4+:YAG laser using a saturable absorber mirror,” Optics Commun. 137, 55–58 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Liu, J.

H. Zhang, X. Meng, L. Zhu, J. Liu, C. Wang, Z. Shao, “Laser properties at 1.06 µm for Nd:GdVO4 single crystal pumped by a high power laser diode,” Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. Part 2 38, L1231–L1233 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Liu, J. H.

H. J. Zhang, J. H. Liu, J. Y. Wang, C. Q. Wang, L. Zhu, Z. S. Shao, X. L. Meng, X. B. Hu, M. H. Jiang, “Characterization of the laser crystal Nd:GdVO4,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 19, 18–27 (2002).
[CrossRef]

J. H. Liu, C. Q. Wang, C. L. Du, L. Zhu, H. Z. Zhang, X. L. Meng, J. Y. Wang, Z. S. Shao, M. H. Jiang, “High-power actively Q-switched Nd:GdVO4 laser end-pumped by a fiber-coupled diode-laser array,” Opt. Commun. 188, 155–162 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Lüthy, W.

C. P. Wyss, W. Lüthy, H. P. Weber, V. I. Vlasov, Yu. D. Zavartsev, P. A. Studenikin, A. I. Zagumennyi, I. A. Shcherbakov, “Performance of a diode-pumped 5 W Nd3+:GdVO4 microchip laser at 1.06 µm,” Appl. Phys. B 68, 659–661 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Major, A.

Matuschek, N.

Meng, X.

H. Zhang, X. Meng, L. Zhu, J. Liu, C. Wang, Z. Shao, “Laser properties at 1.06 µm for Nd:GdVO4 single crystal pumped by a high power laser diode,” Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. Part 2 38, L1231–L1233 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Meng, X. L.

H. J. Zhang, J. H. Liu, J. Y. Wang, C. Q. Wang, L. Zhu, Z. S. Shao, X. L. Meng, X. B. Hu, M. H. Jiang, “Characterization of the laser crystal Nd:GdVO4,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 19, 18–27 (2002).
[CrossRef]

J. H. Liu, C. Q. Wang, C. L. Du, L. Zhu, H. Z. Zhang, X. L. Meng, J. Y. Wang, Z. S. Shao, M. H. Jiang, “High-power actively Q-switched Nd:GdVO4 laser end-pumped by a fiber-coupled diode-laser array,” Opt. Commun. 188, 155–162 (2001).
[CrossRef]

A. Q. Wang, Y. T. Chow, L. Reekie, W. A. Gambling, H. J. Zhang, L. Zhu, X. L. Meng, “A comparative study of the laser performance of diode-laser-pumped Nd:GdVO4 and Nd:YVO4 crystals,” Appl. Phys. B 70, 769–772 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Morf, R.

Morier-Genoud, F.

Moser, M.

G. J. Spuhler, T. Sudmeyer, R. Paschotta, M. Moser, K. J. Weingarten, U. Keller, “Passively mode-locked high-power Nd:YAG lasers with multiple laser heads,” Appl. Phys. B 71, 19–25 (2000).
[CrossRef]

L. Krainer, R. Paschotta, J. Aus der Au, C. Hönninger, U. Keller, M. Moser, D. Kopf, K. J. Weingarten, “Passively mode-locked Nd:YVO4 laser with up to 13 GHz repetition rate,” Appl. Phys. B 69, 245–247 (1999).
[CrossRef]

C. Hönninger, R. Paschotta, F. Morier-Genoud, M. Moser, U. Keller, “Q-switching stability limits of continuous-wave passive mode locking,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 16, 46–56 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Nelson, R.

Pan, C. L.

J. M. Shieh, T. C. Huang, K. F. Huang, C. L. Wang, C. L. Pan, “Broadly tunable self-starting passively mode-locked Ti:sapphire laser with triple-strained quantum-well saturable Bragg reflector,” Optics Commun. 156, 53–57 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Paschotta, R.

G. J. Spuhler, T. Sudmeyer, R. Paschotta, M. Moser, K. J. Weingarten, U. Keller, “Passively mode-locked high-power Nd:YAG lasers with multiple laser heads,” Appl. Phys. B 71, 19–25 (2000).
[CrossRef]

L. Krainer, R. Paschotta, J. Aus der Au, C. Hönninger, U. Keller, M. Moser, D. Kopf, K. J. Weingarten, “Passively mode-locked Nd:YVO4 laser with up to 13 GHz repetition rate,” Appl. Phys. B 69, 245–247 (1999).
[CrossRef]

C. Hönninger, R. Paschotta, F. Morier-Genoud, M. Moser, U. Keller, “Q-switching stability limits of continuous-wave passive mode locking,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 16, 46–56 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Pollock, C. R.

M. J. Hayduk, S. T. Johns, M. F. Krol, C. R. Pollock, R. P. Leavitt, “Self-starting passively mode-locked tunable femtosecond Cr4+:YAG laser using a saturable absorber mirror,” Optics Commun. 137, 55–58 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Reekie, L.

A. Q. Wang, Y. T. Chow, L. Reekie, W. A. Gambling, H. J. Zhang, L. Zhu, X. L. Meng, “A comparative study of the laser performance of diode-laser-pumped Nd:GdVO4 and Nd:YVO4 crystals,” Appl. Phys. B 70, 769–772 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Robertson, A.

Roth, U.

Scheuer, V.

Schibli, T.

Seamans, J. F.

S. C. Tidwell, J. F. Seamans, M. S. Bowers, A. K. Cousins, “Scaling cw diode-end-pumped Nd:YAG lasers to high average powers,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 28, 997–1009 (1992).
[CrossRef]

Shao, Z.

H. Zhang, X. Meng, L. Zhu, J. Liu, C. Wang, Z. Shao, “Laser properties at 1.06 µm for Nd:GdVO4 single crystal pumped by a high power laser diode,” Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. Part 2 38, L1231–L1233 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Shao, Z. S.

H. J. Zhang, J. H. Liu, J. Y. Wang, C. Q. Wang, L. Zhu, Z. S. Shao, X. L. Meng, X. B. Hu, M. H. Jiang, “Characterization of the laser crystal Nd:GdVO4,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 19, 18–27 (2002).
[CrossRef]

J. H. Liu, C. Q. Wang, C. L. Du, L. Zhu, H. Z. Zhang, X. L. Meng, J. Y. Wang, Z. S. Shao, M. H. Jiang, “High-power actively Q-switched Nd:GdVO4 laser end-pumped by a fiber-coupled diode-laser array,” Opt. Commun. 188, 155–162 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Shcherbakov, I. A.

C. P. Wyss, W. Lüthy, H. P. Weber, V. I. Vlasov, Yu. D. Zavartsev, P. A. Studenikin, A. I. Zagumennyi, I. A. Shcherbakov, “Performance of a diode-pumped 5 W Nd3+:GdVO4 microchip laser at 1.06 µm,” Appl. Phys. B 68, 659–661 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Shieh, J. M.

J. M. Shieh, T. C. Huang, K. F. Huang, C. L. Wang, C. L. Pan, “Broadly tunable self-starting passively mode-locked Ti:sapphire laser with triple-strained quantum-well saturable Bragg reflector,” Optics Commun. 156, 53–57 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Spuhler, G. J.

G. J. Spuhler, T. Sudmeyer, R. Paschotta, M. Moser, K. J. Weingarten, U. Keller, “Passively mode-locked high-power Nd:YAG lasers with multiple laser heads,” Appl. Phys. B 71, 19–25 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Steinmeyer, G.

Studenikin, P. A.

C. P. Wyss, W. Lüthy, H. P. Weber, V. I. Vlasov, Yu. D. Zavartsev, P. A. Studenikin, A. I. Zagumennyi, I. A. Shcherbakov, “Performance of a diode-pumped 5 W Nd3+:GdVO4 microchip laser at 1.06 µm,” Appl. Phys. B 68, 659–661 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Sudmeyer, T.

G. J. Spuhler, T. Sudmeyer, R. Paschotta, M. Moser, K. J. Weingarten, U. Keller, “Passively mode-locked high-power Nd:YAG lasers with multiple laser heads,” Appl. Phys. B 71, 19–25 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Sutter, D. H.

Tidwell, S. C.

S. C. Tidwell, J. F. Seamans, M. S. Bowers, A. K. Cousins, “Scaling cw diode-end-pumped Nd:YAG lasers to high average powers,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 28, 997–1009 (1992).
[CrossRef]

Tilsch, M.

Tsai, S. W.

Tschudi, T.

Tsuda, S.

S. Tsuda, W. H. Knox, S. T. Cundiff, W. Y. Jan, J. E. Cunningham, “Mode-locking ultrafast solid-state lasers with saturable Bragg reflectors,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 2, 454–464 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Vlasov, V. I.

C. P. Wyss, W. Lüthy, H. P. Weber, V. I. Vlasov, Yu. D. Zavartsev, P. A. Studenikin, A. I. Zagumennyi, I. A. Shcherbakov, “Performance of a diode-pumped 5 W Nd3+:GdVO4 microchip laser at 1.06 µm,” Appl. Phys. B 68, 659–661 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Wallenstein, R.

Wang, A. Q.

A. Q. Wang, Y. T. Chow, L. Reekie, W. A. Gambling, H. J. Zhang, L. Zhu, X. L. Meng, “A comparative study of the laser performance of diode-laser-pumped Nd:GdVO4 and Nd:YVO4 crystals,” Appl. Phys. B 70, 769–772 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Wang, C.

H. Zhang, X. Meng, L. Zhu, J. Liu, C. Wang, Z. Shao, “Laser properties at 1.06 µm for Nd:GdVO4 single crystal pumped by a high power laser diode,” Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. Part 2 38, L1231–L1233 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Wang, C. L.

J. M. Shieh, T. C. Huang, K. F. Huang, C. L. Wang, C. L. Pan, “Broadly tunable self-starting passively mode-locked Ti:sapphire laser with triple-strained quantum-well saturable Bragg reflector,” Optics Commun. 156, 53–57 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Wang, C. Q.

H. J. Zhang, J. H. Liu, J. Y. Wang, C. Q. Wang, L. Zhu, Z. S. Shao, X. L. Meng, X. B. Hu, M. H. Jiang, “Characterization of the laser crystal Nd:GdVO4,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 19, 18–27 (2002).
[CrossRef]

J. H. Liu, C. Q. Wang, C. L. Du, L. Zhu, H. Z. Zhang, X. L. Meng, J. Y. Wang, Z. S. Shao, M. H. Jiang, “High-power actively Q-switched Nd:GdVO4 laser end-pumped by a fiber-coupled diode-laser array,” Opt. Commun. 188, 155–162 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Wang, J. Y.

H. J. Zhang, J. H. Liu, J. Y. Wang, C. Q. Wang, L. Zhu, Z. S. Shao, X. L. Meng, X. B. Hu, M. H. Jiang, “Characterization of the laser crystal Nd:GdVO4,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 19, 18–27 (2002).
[CrossRef]

J. H. Liu, C. Q. Wang, C. L. Du, L. Zhu, H. Z. Zhang, X. L. Meng, J. Y. Wang, Z. S. Shao, M. H. Jiang, “High-power actively Q-switched Nd:GdVO4 laser end-pumped by a fiber-coupled diode-laser array,” Opt. Commun. 188, 155–162 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Wang, S. C.

Weber, H. P.

C. P. Wyss, W. Lüthy, H. P. Weber, V. I. Vlasov, Yu. D. Zavartsev, P. A. Studenikin, A. I. Zagumennyi, I. A. Shcherbakov, “Performance of a diode-pumped 5 W Nd3+:GdVO4 microchip laser at 1.06 µm,” Appl. Phys. B 68, 659–661 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Weingarten, K. J.

G. J. Spuhler, T. Sudmeyer, R. Paschotta, M. Moser, K. J. Weingarten, U. Keller, “Passively mode-locked high-power Nd:YAG lasers with multiple laser heads,” Appl. Phys. B 71, 19–25 (2000).
[CrossRef]

L. Krainer, R. Paschotta, J. Aus der Au, C. Hönninger, U. Keller, M. Moser, D. Kopf, K. J. Weingarten, “Passively mode-locked Nd:YVO4 laser with up to 13 GHz repetition rate,” Appl. Phys. B 69, 245–247 (1999).
[CrossRef]

U. Keller, K. J. Weingarten, F. X. Kärtner, D. Kopf, B. Braun, I. D. Jung, R. Fluck, C. Hönninger, N. Matuschek, J. Hönningen Aus der Au, “Semiconductor saturable absorber mirrors (SESAM’s) for femtosecond to nanosecond pulse generation in solid-state lasers,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 2, 435–453 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Wyss, C. P.

C. P. Wyss, W. Lüthy, H. P. Weber, V. I. Vlasov, Yu. D. Zavartsev, P. A. Studenikin, A. I. Zagumennyi, I. A. Shcherbakov, “Performance of a diode-pumped 5 W Nd3+:GdVO4 microchip laser at 1.06 µm,” Appl. Phys. B 68, 659–661 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Zagumennyi, A. I.

C. P. Wyss, W. Lüthy, H. P. Weber, V. I. Vlasov, Yu. D. Zavartsev, P. A. Studenikin, A. I. Zagumennyi, I. A. Shcherbakov, “Performance of a diode-pumped 5 W Nd3+:GdVO4 microchip laser at 1.06 µm,” Appl. Phys. B 68, 659–661 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Zavartsev, Yu. D.

C. P. Wyss, W. Lüthy, H. P. Weber, V. I. Vlasov, Yu. D. Zavartsev, P. A. Studenikin, A. I. Zagumennyi, I. A. Shcherbakov, “Performance of a diode-pumped 5 W Nd3+:GdVO4 microchip laser at 1.06 µm,” Appl. Phys. B 68, 659–661 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Zhang, H.

H. Zhang, X. Meng, L. Zhu, J. Liu, C. Wang, Z. Shao, “Laser properties at 1.06 µm for Nd:GdVO4 single crystal pumped by a high power laser diode,” Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. Part 2 38, L1231–L1233 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Zhang, H. J.

H. J. Zhang, J. H. Liu, J. Y. Wang, C. Q. Wang, L. Zhu, Z. S. Shao, X. L. Meng, X. B. Hu, M. H. Jiang, “Characterization of the laser crystal Nd:GdVO4,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 19, 18–27 (2002).
[CrossRef]

A. Q. Wang, Y. T. Chow, L. Reekie, W. A. Gambling, H. J. Zhang, L. Zhu, X. L. Meng, “A comparative study of the laser performance of diode-laser-pumped Nd:GdVO4 and Nd:YVO4 crystals,” Appl. Phys. B 70, 769–772 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Zhang, H. Z.

J. H. Liu, C. Q. Wang, C. L. Du, L. Zhu, H. Z. Zhang, X. L. Meng, J. Y. Wang, Z. S. Shao, M. H. Jiang, “High-power actively Q-switched Nd:GdVO4 laser end-pumped by a fiber-coupled diode-laser array,” Opt. Commun. 188, 155–162 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Zhu, L.

H. J. Zhang, J. H. Liu, J. Y. Wang, C. Q. Wang, L. Zhu, Z. S. Shao, X. L. Meng, X. B. Hu, M. H. Jiang, “Characterization of the laser crystal Nd:GdVO4,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 19, 18–27 (2002).
[CrossRef]

J. H. Liu, C. Q. Wang, C. L. Du, L. Zhu, H. Z. Zhang, X. L. Meng, J. Y. Wang, Z. S. Shao, M. H. Jiang, “High-power actively Q-switched Nd:GdVO4 laser end-pumped by a fiber-coupled diode-laser array,” Opt. Commun. 188, 155–162 (2001).
[CrossRef]

A. Q. Wang, Y. T. Chow, L. Reekie, W. A. Gambling, H. J. Zhang, L. Zhu, X. L. Meng, “A comparative study of the laser performance of diode-laser-pumped Nd:GdVO4 and Nd:YVO4 crystals,” Appl. Phys. B 70, 769–772 (2000).
[CrossRef]

H. Zhang, X. Meng, L. Zhu, J. Liu, C. Wang, Z. Shao, “Laser properties at 1.06 µm for Nd:GdVO4 single crystal pumped by a high power laser diode,” Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. Part 2 38, L1231–L1233 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Appl. Opt. (2)

Appl. Phys. B (4)

A. Q. Wang, Y. T. Chow, L. Reekie, W. A. Gambling, H. J. Zhang, L. Zhu, X. L. Meng, “A comparative study of the laser performance of diode-laser-pumped Nd:GdVO4 and Nd:YVO4 crystals,” Appl. Phys. B 70, 769–772 (2000).
[CrossRef]

L. Krainer, R. Paschotta, J. Aus der Au, C. Hönninger, U. Keller, M. Moser, D. Kopf, K. J. Weingarten, “Passively mode-locked Nd:YVO4 laser with up to 13 GHz repetition rate,” Appl. Phys. B 69, 245–247 (1999).
[CrossRef]

G. J. Spuhler, T. Sudmeyer, R. Paschotta, M. Moser, K. J. Weingarten, U. Keller, “Passively mode-locked high-power Nd:YAG lasers with multiple laser heads,” Appl. Phys. B 71, 19–25 (2000).
[CrossRef]

C. P. Wyss, W. Lüthy, H. P. Weber, V. I. Vlasov, Yu. D. Zavartsev, P. A. Studenikin, A. I. Zagumennyi, I. A. Shcherbakov, “Performance of a diode-pumped 5 W Nd3+:GdVO4 microchip laser at 1.06 µm,” Appl. Phys. B 68, 659–661 (1999).
[CrossRef]

IEEE J. Quantum Electron. (1)

S. C. Tidwell, J. F. Seamans, M. S. Bowers, A. K. Cousins, “Scaling cw diode-end-pumped Nd:YAG lasers to high average powers,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 28, 997–1009 (1992).
[CrossRef]

IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. (2)

U. Keller, K. J. Weingarten, F. X. Kärtner, D. Kopf, B. Braun, I. D. Jung, R. Fluck, C. Hönninger, N. Matuschek, J. Hönningen Aus der Au, “Semiconductor saturable absorber mirrors (SESAM’s) for femtosecond to nanosecond pulse generation in solid-state lasers,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 2, 435–453 (1996).
[CrossRef]

S. Tsuda, W. H. Knox, S. T. Cundiff, W. Y. Jan, J. E. Cunningham, “Mode-locking ultrafast solid-state lasers with saturable Bragg reflectors,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 2, 454–464 (1996).
[CrossRef]

J. Opt. Soc. Am. B (4)

Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. Part 2 (1)

H. Zhang, X. Meng, L. Zhu, J. Liu, C. Wang, Z. Shao, “Laser properties at 1.06 µm for Nd:GdVO4 single crystal pumped by a high power laser diode,” Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. Part 2 38, L1231–L1233 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Commun. (1)

J. H. Liu, C. Q. Wang, C. L. Du, L. Zhu, H. Z. Zhang, X. L. Meng, J. Y. Wang, Z. S. Shao, M. H. Jiang, “High-power actively Q-switched Nd:GdVO4 laser end-pumped by a fiber-coupled diode-laser array,” Opt. Commun. 188, 155–162 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Lett. (6)

Optics Commun. (2)

J. M. Shieh, T. C. Huang, K. F. Huang, C. L. Wang, C. L. Pan, “Broadly tunable self-starting passively mode-locked Ti:sapphire laser with triple-strained quantum-well saturable Bragg reflector,” Optics Commun. 156, 53–57 (1998).
[CrossRef]

M. J. Hayduk, S. T. Johns, M. F. Krol, C. R. Pollock, R. P. Leavitt, “Self-starting passively mode-locked tunable femtosecond Cr4+:YAG laser using a saturable absorber mirror,” Optics Commun. 137, 55–58 (1997).
[CrossRef]

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Figures (3)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

Cavity configuration of the diode-pumped Nd:GdVO4 laser. M1 and M2, mirrors; HR, high reflection; PR, partially reflective.

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

Dependence of the laser output power on absorbed pump power; inset shows the rf spectrum of the cw mode-locking operation. QML, Q-switched mode locking.

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

(a) Envelope of collinear interferometric autocorrelation trace of the mode-locked laser pulses; (b) Corresponding optical spectrum of the laser; inset is the magnification of part of the spectrum, showing minor peaks due to the etalon effect.

Equations (1)

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F > FP,c=Fsat,L Fsat,A R1/2,

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