Abstract

A single-mode and highly side-mode-suppressed 1.55-µm Fabry-Perot laser diode (FPLD) is achieved by feedback injection with an erbium-doped fiber laser (EDFL). For selection of the strongest longitudinal mode from the gain spectrum of the FPLD for lasing in the EDFL, the FPLD is operated at just below the threshold condition and is feedback injected by 0.02% of the EDFL output power. The lasing mode and center wavelength of the proposed single-mode FPLD source are decided by cross-correlated gain profiles of the EDFL and the FPLD; however, the effect of FPLD injection modes is found to be more pronounced. The optimized lasing linewidth (system limitation) and side-mode suppression ratio of 0.01 nm and >49 dB are obtained, which are far better than those of a FPLD at free-running condition. The worst linewidths at 3- and 10-dB decay are observed to be at approximately 0.016 and 0.05 nm, respectively. Linear wavelength tuning of as much as 4.5 nm (from 1558.7 to 1563.2 nm) by adjustment of the temperature of the FPLD from 10 °C to 40 °C at just below threshold is reported. The wavelength-tuning slope is approximately 0.14 nm/°C under temperature accuracy of 0.1 °C.

© 2003 Optical Society of America

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  1. G. A. Ball, W. W. Morey, W. H. Glenn, “Standing-wave monomode erbium fiber laser,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 3, 613–615 (1991).
    [CrossRef]
  2. J. L. Zyskind, J. W. Sulhoff, J. Stone, D. J. Digiovanni, L. W. Stulz, H. M. Presby, A. Piccirilli, P. E. Pramayon, “Electrically tunable, diode-pumped erbium-doped fibre ring laser with fibre Fabry-Perot etalon,” Electron. Lett. 27, 1950–1951 (1991).
    [CrossRef]
  3. N. Park, J. W. Dawson, K. J. Vahala, “All fiber, low threshold, widely tunable single-frequency, erbium-doped fiber ring laser with a tandem fiber Fabry-Perot filter,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 59, 2369–2371 (1991).
    [CrossRef]
  4. S. Li, K. S. Chiang, W. A. Gambling, Y. Liu, L. Zhang, I. Bennion, “Self-seeding of Fabry-Perot laser diode for generating wavelength-tunable chirp-compensated single-mode pulses with high-sidemode suppression ratio,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 12, 1441–1443 (2000).
    [CrossRef]
  5. S. Li, K. S. Chiang, W. A. Gambling, “Fast wavelength tuning of a self-seeded Fabry-Perot laser diode with a Fabry-Perot semiconductor filter,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 13, 1364–1366 (2001).
    [CrossRef]
  6. Y. Zhao, C. Shu, “Single-mode operation characteristics of a self-injection seeded Fabry-Perot laser diode with distributed feedback from a fiber grating,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 9, 1436–1438 (1997).
    [CrossRef]
  7. M. Schell, D. Huhse, A. G. Weber, G. Fischbeek, D. Bimberg, D. S. Tarasov, A. V. Gorbachov, D. Z. Grabuzov, “20 nm wavelength tunable single mode picosecond pulse generation at 1.3 µm by self-seeded gain-switched semiconductor laser,” Electron. Lett. 28, 2154–2155 (1992).
    [CrossRef]

2001 (1)

S. Li, K. S. Chiang, W. A. Gambling, “Fast wavelength tuning of a self-seeded Fabry-Perot laser diode with a Fabry-Perot semiconductor filter,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 13, 1364–1366 (2001).
[CrossRef]

2000 (1)

S. Li, K. S. Chiang, W. A. Gambling, Y. Liu, L. Zhang, I. Bennion, “Self-seeding of Fabry-Perot laser diode for generating wavelength-tunable chirp-compensated single-mode pulses with high-sidemode suppression ratio,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 12, 1441–1443 (2000).
[CrossRef]

1997 (1)

Y. Zhao, C. Shu, “Single-mode operation characteristics of a self-injection seeded Fabry-Perot laser diode with distributed feedback from a fiber grating,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 9, 1436–1438 (1997).
[CrossRef]

1992 (1)

M. Schell, D. Huhse, A. G. Weber, G. Fischbeek, D. Bimberg, D. S. Tarasov, A. V. Gorbachov, D. Z. Grabuzov, “20 nm wavelength tunable single mode picosecond pulse generation at 1.3 µm by self-seeded gain-switched semiconductor laser,” Electron. Lett. 28, 2154–2155 (1992).
[CrossRef]

1991 (3)

G. A. Ball, W. W. Morey, W. H. Glenn, “Standing-wave monomode erbium fiber laser,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 3, 613–615 (1991).
[CrossRef]

J. L. Zyskind, J. W. Sulhoff, J. Stone, D. J. Digiovanni, L. W. Stulz, H. M. Presby, A. Piccirilli, P. E. Pramayon, “Electrically tunable, diode-pumped erbium-doped fibre ring laser with fibre Fabry-Perot etalon,” Electron. Lett. 27, 1950–1951 (1991).
[CrossRef]

N. Park, J. W. Dawson, K. J. Vahala, “All fiber, low threshold, widely tunable single-frequency, erbium-doped fiber ring laser with a tandem fiber Fabry-Perot filter,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 59, 2369–2371 (1991).
[CrossRef]

Ball, G. A.

G. A. Ball, W. W. Morey, W. H. Glenn, “Standing-wave monomode erbium fiber laser,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 3, 613–615 (1991).
[CrossRef]

Bennion, I.

S. Li, K. S. Chiang, W. A. Gambling, Y. Liu, L. Zhang, I. Bennion, “Self-seeding of Fabry-Perot laser diode for generating wavelength-tunable chirp-compensated single-mode pulses with high-sidemode suppression ratio,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 12, 1441–1443 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Bimberg, D.

M. Schell, D. Huhse, A. G. Weber, G. Fischbeek, D. Bimberg, D. S. Tarasov, A. V. Gorbachov, D. Z. Grabuzov, “20 nm wavelength tunable single mode picosecond pulse generation at 1.3 µm by self-seeded gain-switched semiconductor laser,” Electron. Lett. 28, 2154–2155 (1992).
[CrossRef]

Chiang, K. S.

S. Li, K. S. Chiang, W. A. Gambling, “Fast wavelength tuning of a self-seeded Fabry-Perot laser diode with a Fabry-Perot semiconductor filter,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 13, 1364–1366 (2001).
[CrossRef]

S. Li, K. S. Chiang, W. A. Gambling, Y. Liu, L. Zhang, I. Bennion, “Self-seeding of Fabry-Perot laser diode for generating wavelength-tunable chirp-compensated single-mode pulses with high-sidemode suppression ratio,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 12, 1441–1443 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Dawson, J. W.

N. Park, J. W. Dawson, K. J. Vahala, “All fiber, low threshold, widely tunable single-frequency, erbium-doped fiber ring laser with a tandem fiber Fabry-Perot filter,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 59, 2369–2371 (1991).
[CrossRef]

Digiovanni, D. J.

J. L. Zyskind, J. W. Sulhoff, J. Stone, D. J. Digiovanni, L. W. Stulz, H. M. Presby, A. Piccirilli, P. E. Pramayon, “Electrically tunable, diode-pumped erbium-doped fibre ring laser with fibre Fabry-Perot etalon,” Electron. Lett. 27, 1950–1951 (1991).
[CrossRef]

Fischbeek, G.

M. Schell, D. Huhse, A. G. Weber, G. Fischbeek, D. Bimberg, D. S. Tarasov, A. V. Gorbachov, D. Z. Grabuzov, “20 nm wavelength tunable single mode picosecond pulse generation at 1.3 µm by self-seeded gain-switched semiconductor laser,” Electron. Lett. 28, 2154–2155 (1992).
[CrossRef]

Gambling, W. A.

S. Li, K. S. Chiang, W. A. Gambling, “Fast wavelength tuning of a self-seeded Fabry-Perot laser diode with a Fabry-Perot semiconductor filter,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 13, 1364–1366 (2001).
[CrossRef]

S. Li, K. S. Chiang, W. A. Gambling, Y. Liu, L. Zhang, I. Bennion, “Self-seeding of Fabry-Perot laser diode for generating wavelength-tunable chirp-compensated single-mode pulses with high-sidemode suppression ratio,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 12, 1441–1443 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Glenn, W. H.

G. A. Ball, W. W. Morey, W. H. Glenn, “Standing-wave monomode erbium fiber laser,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 3, 613–615 (1991).
[CrossRef]

Gorbachov, A. V.

M. Schell, D. Huhse, A. G. Weber, G. Fischbeek, D. Bimberg, D. S. Tarasov, A. V. Gorbachov, D. Z. Grabuzov, “20 nm wavelength tunable single mode picosecond pulse generation at 1.3 µm by self-seeded gain-switched semiconductor laser,” Electron. Lett. 28, 2154–2155 (1992).
[CrossRef]

Grabuzov, D. Z.

M. Schell, D. Huhse, A. G. Weber, G. Fischbeek, D. Bimberg, D. S. Tarasov, A. V. Gorbachov, D. Z. Grabuzov, “20 nm wavelength tunable single mode picosecond pulse generation at 1.3 µm by self-seeded gain-switched semiconductor laser,” Electron. Lett. 28, 2154–2155 (1992).
[CrossRef]

Huhse, D.

M. Schell, D. Huhse, A. G. Weber, G. Fischbeek, D. Bimberg, D. S. Tarasov, A. V. Gorbachov, D. Z. Grabuzov, “20 nm wavelength tunable single mode picosecond pulse generation at 1.3 µm by self-seeded gain-switched semiconductor laser,” Electron. Lett. 28, 2154–2155 (1992).
[CrossRef]

Li, S.

S. Li, K. S. Chiang, W. A. Gambling, “Fast wavelength tuning of a self-seeded Fabry-Perot laser diode with a Fabry-Perot semiconductor filter,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 13, 1364–1366 (2001).
[CrossRef]

S. Li, K. S. Chiang, W. A. Gambling, Y. Liu, L. Zhang, I. Bennion, “Self-seeding of Fabry-Perot laser diode for generating wavelength-tunable chirp-compensated single-mode pulses with high-sidemode suppression ratio,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 12, 1441–1443 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Liu, Y.

S. Li, K. S. Chiang, W. A. Gambling, Y. Liu, L. Zhang, I. Bennion, “Self-seeding of Fabry-Perot laser diode for generating wavelength-tunable chirp-compensated single-mode pulses with high-sidemode suppression ratio,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 12, 1441–1443 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Morey, W. W.

G. A. Ball, W. W. Morey, W. H. Glenn, “Standing-wave monomode erbium fiber laser,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 3, 613–615 (1991).
[CrossRef]

Park, N.

N. Park, J. W. Dawson, K. J. Vahala, “All fiber, low threshold, widely tunable single-frequency, erbium-doped fiber ring laser with a tandem fiber Fabry-Perot filter,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 59, 2369–2371 (1991).
[CrossRef]

Piccirilli, A.

J. L. Zyskind, J. W. Sulhoff, J. Stone, D. J. Digiovanni, L. W. Stulz, H. M. Presby, A. Piccirilli, P. E. Pramayon, “Electrically tunable, diode-pumped erbium-doped fibre ring laser with fibre Fabry-Perot etalon,” Electron. Lett. 27, 1950–1951 (1991).
[CrossRef]

Pramayon, P. E.

J. L. Zyskind, J. W. Sulhoff, J. Stone, D. J. Digiovanni, L. W. Stulz, H. M. Presby, A. Piccirilli, P. E. Pramayon, “Electrically tunable, diode-pumped erbium-doped fibre ring laser with fibre Fabry-Perot etalon,” Electron. Lett. 27, 1950–1951 (1991).
[CrossRef]

Presby, H. M.

J. L. Zyskind, J. W. Sulhoff, J. Stone, D. J. Digiovanni, L. W. Stulz, H. M. Presby, A. Piccirilli, P. E. Pramayon, “Electrically tunable, diode-pumped erbium-doped fibre ring laser with fibre Fabry-Perot etalon,” Electron. Lett. 27, 1950–1951 (1991).
[CrossRef]

Schell, M.

M. Schell, D. Huhse, A. G. Weber, G. Fischbeek, D. Bimberg, D. S. Tarasov, A. V. Gorbachov, D. Z. Grabuzov, “20 nm wavelength tunable single mode picosecond pulse generation at 1.3 µm by self-seeded gain-switched semiconductor laser,” Electron. Lett. 28, 2154–2155 (1992).
[CrossRef]

Shu, C.

Y. Zhao, C. Shu, “Single-mode operation characteristics of a self-injection seeded Fabry-Perot laser diode with distributed feedback from a fiber grating,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 9, 1436–1438 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Stone, J.

J. L. Zyskind, J. W. Sulhoff, J. Stone, D. J. Digiovanni, L. W. Stulz, H. M. Presby, A. Piccirilli, P. E. Pramayon, “Electrically tunable, diode-pumped erbium-doped fibre ring laser with fibre Fabry-Perot etalon,” Electron. Lett. 27, 1950–1951 (1991).
[CrossRef]

Stulz, L. W.

J. L. Zyskind, J. W. Sulhoff, J. Stone, D. J. Digiovanni, L. W. Stulz, H. M. Presby, A. Piccirilli, P. E. Pramayon, “Electrically tunable, diode-pumped erbium-doped fibre ring laser with fibre Fabry-Perot etalon,” Electron. Lett. 27, 1950–1951 (1991).
[CrossRef]

Sulhoff, J. W.

J. L. Zyskind, J. W. Sulhoff, J. Stone, D. J. Digiovanni, L. W. Stulz, H. M. Presby, A. Piccirilli, P. E. Pramayon, “Electrically tunable, diode-pumped erbium-doped fibre ring laser with fibre Fabry-Perot etalon,” Electron. Lett. 27, 1950–1951 (1991).
[CrossRef]

Tarasov, D. S.

M. Schell, D. Huhse, A. G. Weber, G. Fischbeek, D. Bimberg, D. S. Tarasov, A. V. Gorbachov, D. Z. Grabuzov, “20 nm wavelength tunable single mode picosecond pulse generation at 1.3 µm by self-seeded gain-switched semiconductor laser,” Electron. Lett. 28, 2154–2155 (1992).
[CrossRef]

Vahala, K. J.

N. Park, J. W. Dawson, K. J. Vahala, “All fiber, low threshold, widely tunable single-frequency, erbium-doped fiber ring laser with a tandem fiber Fabry-Perot filter,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 59, 2369–2371 (1991).
[CrossRef]

Weber, A. G.

M. Schell, D. Huhse, A. G. Weber, G. Fischbeek, D. Bimberg, D. S. Tarasov, A. V. Gorbachov, D. Z. Grabuzov, “20 nm wavelength tunable single mode picosecond pulse generation at 1.3 µm by self-seeded gain-switched semiconductor laser,” Electron. Lett. 28, 2154–2155 (1992).
[CrossRef]

Zhang, L.

S. Li, K. S. Chiang, W. A. Gambling, Y. Liu, L. Zhang, I. Bennion, “Self-seeding of Fabry-Perot laser diode for generating wavelength-tunable chirp-compensated single-mode pulses with high-sidemode suppression ratio,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 12, 1441–1443 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Zhao, Y.

Y. Zhao, C. Shu, “Single-mode operation characteristics of a self-injection seeded Fabry-Perot laser diode with distributed feedback from a fiber grating,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 9, 1436–1438 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Zyskind, J. L.

J. L. Zyskind, J. W. Sulhoff, J. Stone, D. J. Digiovanni, L. W. Stulz, H. M. Presby, A. Piccirilli, P. E. Pramayon, “Electrically tunable, diode-pumped erbium-doped fibre ring laser with fibre Fabry-Perot etalon,” Electron. Lett. 27, 1950–1951 (1991).
[CrossRef]

Appl. Phys. Lett. (1)

N. Park, J. W. Dawson, K. J. Vahala, “All fiber, low threshold, widely tunable single-frequency, erbium-doped fiber ring laser with a tandem fiber Fabry-Perot filter,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 59, 2369–2371 (1991).
[CrossRef]

Electron. Lett. (2)

J. L. Zyskind, J. W. Sulhoff, J. Stone, D. J. Digiovanni, L. W. Stulz, H. M. Presby, A. Piccirilli, P. E. Pramayon, “Electrically tunable, diode-pumped erbium-doped fibre ring laser with fibre Fabry-Perot etalon,” Electron. Lett. 27, 1950–1951 (1991).
[CrossRef]

M. Schell, D. Huhse, A. G. Weber, G. Fischbeek, D. Bimberg, D. S. Tarasov, A. V. Gorbachov, D. Z. Grabuzov, “20 nm wavelength tunable single mode picosecond pulse generation at 1.3 µm by self-seeded gain-switched semiconductor laser,” Electron. Lett. 28, 2154–2155 (1992).
[CrossRef]

IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. (4)

G. A. Ball, W. W. Morey, W. H. Glenn, “Standing-wave monomode erbium fiber laser,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 3, 613–615 (1991).
[CrossRef]

S. Li, K. S. Chiang, W. A. Gambling, Y. Liu, L. Zhang, I. Bennion, “Self-seeding of Fabry-Perot laser diode for generating wavelength-tunable chirp-compensated single-mode pulses with high-sidemode suppression ratio,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 12, 1441–1443 (2000).
[CrossRef]

S. Li, K. S. Chiang, W. A. Gambling, “Fast wavelength tuning of a self-seeded Fabry-Perot laser diode with a Fabry-Perot semiconductor filter,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 13, 1364–1366 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Y. Zhao, C. Shu, “Single-mode operation characteristics of a self-injection seeded Fabry-Perot laser diode with distributed feedback from a fiber grating,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 9, 1436–1438 (1997).
[CrossRef]

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Figures (10)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

Experimental setup of the narrow-linewidth FPLD-filtered EDFL. PC, polarization controller; OC, optical coupler; PD, photodetector; OSA, optical spectrum analyzer; WDM, wavelength division multiplexing coupler.

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

EDFL with the feedback-injection FPLD, and the output spectra of the free-running FPLD and the FPLD-filtered EDFL biased at below the threshold current and operated at 35 °C. div, division.

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

Comparison of lasing spectra by use of optical circulator- and coupler-based schemes.

Fig. 4
Fig. 4

P-I curves of the outpower of the free-running FPLD, the free-running EDFA, and the FPLD-filtered. EDFL operated at 35 °C.

Fig. 5
Fig. 5

Measured spectra of the EDFL with the feedback-injection FPLD biased at different current conditions.

Fig. 6
Fig. 6

Evolution of the SMSR of the FPLD-filtered EDFL at different FPLD currents.

Fig. 7
Fig. 7

Stability in peak wavelength of the FPLD-filtered EDFL and the long-term FPLD-filtered EDFL output power.

Fig. 8
Fig. 8

Temperature-dependent wavelength output of the FPLD-controlled EDFL and output power stability from 10 °C to 40 °C.

Fig. 9
Fig. 9

Output spectra of the FPLD-filtered EDFL biased from 10 °C to 40 °C.

Fig. 10
Fig. 10

SMSR of the FPLD-filtered EDFL at different FPLD temperatures.

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