Abstract

A new technique for writing extremely short-length Bragg gratings in optical fibers is demonstrated. A physical model describes the diffraction effects on the spatial and wavelength spectra of the Bragg gratings. Selection of appropriate diffraction patterns and related parameters permits self-apodized Bragg gratings with a typical spatial length of several hundred micrometers and a bandwidth of several nanometers to be obtained. These gratings with well-defined spectra are suitable for use as miniature distributed strain sensors and other applications requiring small physical dimensions and broadband spectra.

© 2003 Optical Society of America

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