D. L. Mitchell, “Parameterization of the Mie extinction and absorption coefficients for water clouds,” J. Atmos. Sci. 57, 1311–1326 (2000).

[CrossRef]

P. Yang, K. N. Liou, K. Wyser, D. Mitchell, “Parameterization of scattering and absorption properties of individual ice crystals,” J. Geophys. Res. D 105, 4699–4718 (2000).

[CrossRef]

G. R. Fournier, B. T. N. Evans, “Approximation to extinction efficiency from randomly oriented circular and elliptical cylinders,” Appl. Opt. 35, 4271–4282 (1996).

[CrossRef]
[PubMed]

P. Yang, K. N. Liou, “Finite-difference time domain method for light scattering by small ice crystals in three-dimensional space,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. A 13, 2072–2085 (1996).

[CrossRef]

M. I. Mishchenko, L. D. Travis, D. W. Mackowski, “T-matrix computations of light scattering by nonspherical particles: a review,” J. Quant. Spectrosc. Radiat. Transfer 55, 535–575 (1996).

[CrossRef]

T. W. Chen, “Effective sphere for spheroid in light scattering,” Opt. Commun. 114, 199–202 (1995).

[CrossRef]

B. T. Draine, P. J. Flatau, “Discrete-dipole approximation for calculations,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. A 11, 1491–1499 (1994).

[CrossRef]

A. Maslowska, P. J. Flatau, G. L. Stephens, “On the validity of the anomalous diffraction theory to light scattering by cubes,” Opt. Commun. 107, 35–40 (1994).

[CrossRef]

B. T. N. Evans, G. R. Fournier, “Analytic approximation to randomly oriented spheroid extinction,” Appl. Opt. 33, 5796–5804 (1994).

[CrossRef]
[PubMed]

M. I. Mishchenko, L. D. Travis, “Light scattering by polydispersions of randomly oriented spheroids with sizes comparable to wavelengths of observation,” Appl. Opt. 33, 7206–7225 (1994).

[CrossRef]
[PubMed]

Y. Takano, K. N. Liou, P. Minnis, “The effects of small ice crystals on cirrus infrared radiative properties,” J. Atmos. Sci. 49, 1487–1493 (1992).

[CrossRef]

M. I. Mishchenko, “Light scattering by randomly oriented axially symmetric particles,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. A 8, 871–882 (1991).

[CrossRef]

P. Chýlek, J. D. Klett, “Extinction cross section of nonspherical particles in the anomalous diffraction approximation,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. A 8, 274–281 (1991).

[CrossRef]

P. Chýlek, J. D. Klett, “Absorption and scattering of electromagnetic radiation by prismatic columns: e anomalous diffraction approximation,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. A 8, 1713–1720 (1991).

[CrossRef]

G. R. Fournier, B. T. N. Evans, “Approximation to extinction efficiency for randomly oriented spheroids,” Appl. Opt. 30, 2042–2048 (1991).

[CrossRef]
[PubMed]

B. T. N. Evans, G. R. Fournier, “A simple approximation to extinction efficiency valid over all size parameters,” Appl. Opt. 29, 4666–4670 (1990).

[CrossRef]
[PubMed]

P. J. Flatau, G. L. Stephens, B. T. Draine, “Light scattering by rectangular solids in the discrete-dipole approximation: a new algorithm exploiting the Block-Toeplitz structure,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. A 7, 593–600 (1990).

[CrossRef]

H. Y. Chen, M. F. Lskander, “Light scattering and absorption by fractal agglomerate and coagulations of smoke aerosols,” J. Mod. Opt. 37, 171–181 (1990).

[CrossRef]

J. M. Perrin, P. Chiappetta, “Light scattering by large particles, II: a vectorical description in the eikonal picture,” Opt. Acta. 33, 1001–1022 (1986).

[CrossRef]

L. E. Paramonov, V. N. Lopatin, F. Y. Sidko, “Light scattering of soft spheroidal particles,” Opt. Spectrosc. (USSR) 61, 358–361 (1986).

J. M. Perrin, P. Chiappetta, “Light scattering by large particles, I: a new theoretical description in the eikonal picture,” Opt. Acta. 32, 907–921 (1985).

[CrossRef]

S. Asano, M. Sato, “Light scattering by randomly oriented spheroidal particles,” Appl. Opt. 19, 962–974 (1980).

[CrossRef]
[PubMed]

P. Latimer, “Predicted scattering by spheroids: comparison of approximate and exact methods,” Appl. Opt. 19, 3039–3041 (1980).

[CrossRef]
[PubMed]

P. Chiappetta, “Multiple scattering approach to light scattering by arbitrarily shaped particles,” J. Phys. A 13, 2101–2108 (1980).

[CrossRef]

H. M. Nussenzveig, W. J. Wiscombe, “Efficiency factors in Mie scattering,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 45, 1490–1494 (1980).

[CrossRef]

A. Mugnai, W. J. Wiscombe, “Scattering of radiation by moderately nonspherical particles,” J. Atmos. Sci. 37, 1291–1307 (1980).

[CrossRef]

P. Latimer, P. Barber, “Scattering by ellipsoids of revolution,” J. Colloid Interface Sci. 63, 310–316 (1978).

[CrossRef]

T. Wu, L. L. Tsai, “Scattering from arbitrarily-shaped lossy dielectric bodies of revolution,” Radio. Sci. 2, 709–718 (1977).

[CrossRef]

E. M. Purcell, C. P. Pennypacker, “Scattering and absorption of light by nonspherical dielectric grains,” Astrophys. J. 196, 705–714 (1973).

[CrossRef]

P. C. Waterman, “Symmetry, unitarity, and geometry in electromagnetic scattering,” Phys. Rev. D 3, 825–839 (1971).

[CrossRef]

F. D. Bryant, P. Latimer, “Optical efficiencies of large particles of arbitrary shape and orientation,” J. Colloid Interface Sci. 30, 291–304 (1969).

[CrossRef]

D. H. Napper, “A diffraction theory approach to the total scattering by cubes,” Kolloid Z. Z. Polym. 218, 41–45 (1967).

[CrossRef]

S. K. Yee, “Numerical solution of initial boundary value problems involving Maxwell’s equation in isotropic media,” IEEE Trans. Antennas. Propag. AP-14, 302–307 (1966).

P. C. Waterman, “Matrix formulation of electromagnetic scattering,” Proc. IEEE 53, 805–812 (1965).

[CrossRef]

R. Penndorf, “Scattering and extinction coefficients for small spherical aerosols,” J. Atmos. Sci. 19, 193 (1961).

[CrossRef]

D. Deirmendjian, “Atmospheric extinction of infra-red radiation,” Q. J. R. Meteorol. Soc. 86, 371–381 (1960).

[CrossRef]

J. M. Greeberg, A. S. Meltzer, “Scattering by nonspherical particles,” J. Appl. Phys. 31, 82–84 (1960).

[CrossRef]

D. S. Jones, “High frequency scattering of electromagnetic wave,” Proc. R. Soc. London Ser. A 240, 206–213 (1957).

[CrossRef]

V. Vouk, “Projected area of convex bodies,” Nature (London) 162, 330–331 (1948).

[CrossRef]

S. A. Ackerman, G. L. Stephens, “The absorption of solar radiation by cloud droplets: an application of anomalous diffraction theory,” J. Atmos. Sci. 44, 1574–1588 (1987).

[CrossRef]

P. W. Barber, S. C. Hill, Light Scattering by Particles: Computational Methods (World Scientific, Singapore, 1990).

F. D. Bryant, P. Latimer, “Optical efficiencies of large particles of arbitrary shape and orientation,” J. Colloid Interface Sci. 30, 291–304 (1969).

[CrossRef]

H. Y. Chen, M. F. Lskander, “Light scattering and absorption by fractal agglomerate and coagulations of smoke aerosols,” J. Mod. Opt. 37, 171–181 (1990).

[CrossRef]

J. M. Perrin, P. Chiappetta, “Light scattering by large particles, II: a vectorical description in the eikonal picture,” Opt. Acta. 33, 1001–1022 (1986).

[CrossRef]

J. M. Perrin, P. Chiappetta, “Light scattering by large particles, I: a new theoretical description in the eikonal picture,” Opt. Acta. 32, 907–921 (1985).

[CrossRef]

P. Chiappetta, “Multiple scattering approach to light scattering by arbitrarily shaped particles,” J. Phys. A 13, 2101–2108 (1980).

[CrossRef]

D. Deirmendjian, “Atmospheric extinction of infra-red radiation,” Q. J. R. Meteorol. Soc. 86, 371–381 (1960).

[CrossRef]

G. R. Fournier, B. T. N. Evans, “Approximation to extinction efficiency from randomly oriented circular and elliptical cylinders,” Appl. Opt. 35, 4271–4282 (1996).

[CrossRef]
[PubMed]

B. T. N. Evans, G. R. Fournier, “Analytic approximation to randomly oriented spheroid extinction,” Appl. Opt. 33, 5796–5804 (1994).

[CrossRef]
[PubMed]

G. R. Fournier, B. T. N. Evans, “Approximation to extinction efficiency for randomly oriented spheroids,” Appl. Opt. 30, 2042–2048 (1991).

[CrossRef]
[PubMed]

B. T. N. Evans, G. R. Fournier, “A simple approximation to extinction efficiency valid over all size parameters,” Appl. Opt. 29, 4666–4670 (1990).

[CrossRef]
[PubMed]

B. T. Draine, P. J. Flatau, “Discrete-dipole approximation for calculations,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. A 11, 1491–1499 (1994).

[CrossRef]

A. Maslowska, P. J. Flatau, G. L. Stephens, “On the validity of the anomalous diffraction theory to light scattering by cubes,” Opt. Commun. 107, 35–40 (1994).

[CrossRef]

P. J. Flatau, G. L. Stephens, B. T. Draine, “Light scattering by rectangular solids in the discrete-dipole approximation: a new algorithm exploiting the Block-Toeplitz structure,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. A 7, 593–600 (1990).

[CrossRef]

G. R. Fournier, B. T. N. Evans, “Approximation to extinction efficiency from randomly oriented circular and elliptical cylinders,” Appl. Opt. 35, 4271–4282 (1996).

[CrossRef]
[PubMed]

B. T. N. Evans, G. R. Fournier, “Analytic approximation to randomly oriented spheroid extinction,” Appl. Opt. 33, 5796–5804 (1994).

[CrossRef]
[PubMed]

G. R. Fournier, B. T. N. Evans, “Approximation to extinction efficiency for randomly oriented spheroids,” Appl. Opt. 30, 2042–2048 (1991).

[CrossRef]
[PubMed]

B. T. N. Evans, G. R. Fournier, “A simple approximation to extinction efficiency valid over all size parameters,” Appl. Opt. 29, 4666–4670 (1990).

[CrossRef]
[PubMed]

J. M. Greeberg, A. S. Meltzer, “Scattering by nonspherical particles,” J. Appl. Phys. 31, 82–84 (1960).

[CrossRef]

P. W. Barber, S. C. Hill, Light Scattering by Particles: Computational Methods (World Scientific, Singapore, 1990).

D. S. Jones, “High frequency scattering of electromagnetic wave,” Proc. R. Soc. London Ser. A 240, 206–213 (1957).

[CrossRef]

P. Chýlek, J. D. Klett, “Absorption and scattering of electromagnetic radiation by prismatic columns: e anomalous diffraction approximation,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. A 8, 1713–1720 (1991).

[CrossRef]

P. Chýlek, J. D. Klett, “Extinction cross section of nonspherical particles in the anomalous diffraction approximation,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. A 8, 274–281 (1991).

[CrossRef]

J. D. Klett, “Anomalous diffraction model for inversion of multispectral extinction data including absorption effects,” Appl. Opt. 23, 4499–4508 (1984).

[CrossRef]
[PubMed]

P. Latimer, “Predicted scattering by spheroids: comparison of approximate and exact methods,” Appl. Opt. 19, 3039–3041 (1980).

[CrossRef]
[PubMed]

P. Latimer, P. Barber, “Scattering by ellipsoids of revolution,” J. Colloid Interface Sci. 63, 310–316 (1978).

[CrossRef]

P. Latimer, “Light scattering by ellipsoids,” J. Colloid Interface Sci. 53, 102–109 (1975).

[CrossRef]

D. A. Gross, P. Latimer, “General solutions for the extinction and absorption efficiencies of arbitrarily oriented cylinders by anomalous-diffraction approximation methods,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. 60, 904–907 (1970).

[CrossRef]

F. D. Bryant, P. Latimer, “Optical efficiencies of large particles of arbitrary shape and orientation,” J. Colloid Interface Sci. 30, 291–304 (1969).

[CrossRef]

P. Yang, K. N. Liou, K. Wyser, D. Mitchell, “Parameterization of scattering and absorption properties of individual ice crystals,” J. Geophys. Res. D 105, 4699–4718 (2000).

[CrossRef]

P. Yang, K. N. Liou, “Finite-difference time domain method for light scattering by small ice crystals in three-dimensional space,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. A 13, 2072–2085 (1996).

[CrossRef]

Y. Takano, K. N. Liou, P. Minnis, “The effects of small ice crystals on cirrus infrared radiative properties,” J. Atmos. Sci. 49, 1487–1493 (1992).

[CrossRef]

L. E. Paramonov, V. N. Lopatin, F. Y. Sidko, “Light scattering of soft spheroidal particles,” Opt. Spectrosc. (USSR) 61, 358–361 (1986).

H. Y. Chen, M. F. Lskander, “Light scattering and absorption by fractal agglomerate and coagulations of smoke aerosols,” J. Mod. Opt. 37, 171–181 (1990).

[CrossRef]

M. I. Mishchenko, L. D. Travis, D. W. Mackowski, “T-matrix computations of light scattering by nonspherical particles: a review,” J. Quant. Spectrosc. Radiat. Transfer 55, 535–575 (1996).

[CrossRef]

A. Maslowska, P. J. Flatau, G. L. Stephens, “On the validity of the anomalous diffraction theory to light scattering by cubes,” Opt. Commun. 107, 35–40 (1994).

[CrossRef]

J. M. Greeberg, A. S. Meltzer, “Scattering by nonspherical particles,” J. Appl. Phys. 31, 82–84 (1960).

[CrossRef]

Y. Takano, K. N. Liou, P. Minnis, “The effects of small ice crystals on cirrus infrared radiative properties,” J. Atmos. Sci. 49, 1487–1493 (1992).

[CrossRef]

M. I. Mishchenko, L. D. Travis, D. W. Mackowski, “T-matrix computations of light scattering by nonspherical particles: a review,” J. Quant. Spectrosc. Radiat. Transfer 55, 535–575 (1996).

[CrossRef]

M. I. Mishchenko, L. D. Travis, “Light scattering by polydispersions of randomly oriented spheroids with sizes comparable to wavelengths of observation,” Appl. Opt. 33, 7206–7225 (1994).

[CrossRef]
[PubMed]

M. I. Mishchenko, “Light scattering by randomly oriented axially symmetric particles,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. A 8, 871–882 (1991).

[CrossRef]

P. Yang, K. N. Liou, K. Wyser, D. Mitchell, “Parameterization of scattering and absorption properties of individual ice crystals,” J. Geophys. Res. D 105, 4699–4718 (2000).

[CrossRef]

D. L. Mitchell, “Parameterization of the Mie extinction and absorption coefficients for water clouds,” J. Atmos. Sci. 57, 1311–1326 (2000).

[CrossRef]

A. Mugnai, W. J. Wiscombe, “Scattering of radiation by moderately nonspherical particles,” J. Atmos. Sci. 37, 1291–1307 (1980).

[CrossRef]

D. H. Napper, “A diffraction theory approach to the total scattering by cubes,” Kolloid Z. Z. Polym. 218, 41–45 (1967).

[CrossRef]

H. M. Nussenzveig, W. J. Wiscombe, “Efficiency factors in Mie scattering,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 45, 1490–1494 (1980).

[CrossRef]

L. E. Paramonov, V. N. Lopatin, F. Y. Sidko, “Light scattering of soft spheroidal particles,” Opt. Spectrosc. (USSR) 61, 358–361 (1986).

R. Penndorf, “Scattering and extinction coefficients for small spherical aerosols,” J. Atmos. Sci. 19, 193 (1961).

[CrossRef]

E. M. Purcell, C. P. Pennypacker, “Scattering and absorption of light by nonspherical dielectric grains,” Astrophys. J. 196, 705–714 (1973).

[CrossRef]

J. M. Perrin, P. Chiappetta, “Light scattering by large particles, II: a vectorical description in the eikonal picture,” Opt. Acta. 33, 1001–1022 (1986).

[CrossRef]

J. M. Perrin, P. Chiappetta, “Light scattering by large particles, I: a new theoretical description in the eikonal picture,” Opt. Acta. 32, 907–921 (1985).

[CrossRef]

E. M. Purcell, C. P. Pennypacker, “Scattering and absorption of light by nonspherical dielectric grains,” Astrophys. J. 196, 705–714 (1973).

[CrossRef]

L. E. Paramonov, V. N. Lopatin, F. Y. Sidko, “Light scattering of soft spheroidal particles,” Opt. Spectrosc. (USSR) 61, 358–361 (1986).

A. Maslowska, P. J. Flatau, G. L. Stephens, “On the validity of the anomalous diffraction theory to light scattering by cubes,” Opt. Commun. 107, 35–40 (1994).

[CrossRef]

P. J. Flatau, G. L. Stephens, B. T. Draine, “Light scattering by rectangular solids in the discrete-dipole approximation: a new algorithm exploiting the Block-Toeplitz structure,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. A 7, 593–600 (1990).

[CrossRef]

S. A. Ackerman, G. L. Stephens, “The absorption of solar radiation by cloud droplets: an application of anomalous diffraction theory,” J. Atmos. Sci. 44, 1574–1588 (1987).

[CrossRef]

G. L. Stephens, “Scattering of plane waves by soft obstacles: anomalous diffraction theory for circular cylinders,” Appl. Opt. 23, 954–959 (1984).

[CrossRef]
[PubMed]

Y. Takano, K. N. Liou, P. Minnis, “The effects of small ice crystals on cirrus infrared radiative properties,” J. Atmos. Sci. 49, 1487–1493 (1992).

[CrossRef]

T. Wu, L. L. Tsai, “Scattering from arbitrarily-shaped lossy dielectric bodies of revolution,” Radio. Sci. 2, 709–718 (1977).

[CrossRef]

H. C. Van de Hulst, Light Scattering by Small Particles (Wiley, New York, 1957).

V. Vouk, “Projected area of convex bodies,” Nature (London) 162, 330–331 (1948).

[CrossRef]

P. C. Waterman, “Symmetry, unitarity, and geometry in electromagnetic scattering,” Phys. Rev. D 3, 825–839 (1971).

[CrossRef]

P. C. Waterman, “Matrix formulation of electromagnetic scattering,” Proc. IEEE 53, 805–812 (1965).

[CrossRef]

A. Mugnai, W. J. Wiscombe, “Scattering of radiation by moderately nonspherical particles,” J. Atmos. Sci. 37, 1291–1307 (1980).

[CrossRef]

H. M. Nussenzveig, W. J. Wiscombe, “Efficiency factors in Mie scattering,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 45, 1490–1494 (1980).

[CrossRef]

T. Wu, L. L. Tsai, “Scattering from arbitrarily-shaped lossy dielectric bodies of revolution,” Radio. Sci. 2, 709–718 (1977).

[CrossRef]

P. Yang, K. N. Liou, K. Wyser, D. Mitchell, “Parameterization of scattering and absorption properties of individual ice crystals,” J. Geophys. Res. D 105, 4699–4718 (2000).

[CrossRef]

P. Yang, K. N. Liou, K. Wyser, D. Mitchell, “Parameterization of scattering and absorption properties of individual ice crystals,” J. Geophys. Res. D 105, 4699–4718 (2000).

[CrossRef]

P. Yang, K. N. Liou, “Finite-difference time domain method for light scattering by small ice crystals in three-dimensional space,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. A 13, 2072–2085 (1996).

[CrossRef]

S. K. Yee, “Numerical solution of initial boundary value problems involving Maxwell’s equation in isotropic media,” IEEE Trans. Antennas. Propag. AP-14, 302–307 (1966).

W. A. Farone, M. J. Robinson, “The range of validity of the anomalous diffraction approximation to electromagnetic scattering by spheres,” Appl. Opt. 7, 643–645 (1968).

[CrossRef]
[PubMed]

P. Barber, C. Yeh, “Scattering of electromagnetic waves by arbitrarily shaped dielectric bodies,” Appl. Opt. 14, 2864–2872 (1975).

[CrossRef]
[PubMed]

S. Asano, M. Sato, “Light scattering by randomly oriented spheroidal particles,” Appl. Opt. 19, 962–974 (1980).

[CrossRef]
[PubMed]

G. L. Stephens, “Scattering of plane waves by soft obstacles: anomalous diffraction theory for circular cylinders,” Appl. Opt. 23, 954–959 (1984).

[CrossRef]
[PubMed]

J. D. Klett, “Anomalous diffraction model for inversion of multispectral extinction data including absorption effects,” Appl. Opt. 23, 4499–4508 (1984).

[CrossRef]
[PubMed]

T. W. Chen, “Scattering of a stratified sphere in high energy approximation,” Appl. Opt. 26, 4155–4158 (1987).

[CrossRef]
[PubMed]

B. T. N. Evans, G. R. Fournier, “A simple approximation to extinction efficiency valid over all size parameters,” Appl. Opt. 29, 4666–4670 (1990).

[CrossRef]
[PubMed]

G. R. Fournier, B. T. N. Evans, “Approximation to extinction efficiency for randomly oriented spheroids,” Appl. Opt. 30, 2042–2048 (1991).

[CrossRef]
[PubMed]

B. T. N. Evans, G. R. Fournier, “Analytic approximation to randomly oriented spheroid extinction,” Appl. Opt. 33, 5796–5804 (1994).

[CrossRef]
[PubMed]

M. I. Mishchenko, L. D. Travis, “Light scattering by polydispersions of randomly oriented spheroids with sizes comparable to wavelengths of observation,” Appl. Opt. 33, 7206–7225 (1994).

[CrossRef]
[PubMed]

Y. Liu, W. P. Arnott, J. Hallet, “Anomalous diffraction theory for arbitrarily oriented finite circular cylinders and comparison with exact T-matrix results,” Appl. Opt. 37, 5019–5030 (1998).

[CrossRef]

G. R. Fournier, B. T. N. Evans, “Approximation to extinction efficiency from randomly oriented circular and elliptical cylinders,” Appl. Opt. 35, 4271–4282 (1996).

[CrossRef]
[PubMed]

P. Latimer, “Predicted scattering by spheroids: comparison of approximate and exact methods,” Appl. Opt. 19, 3039–3041 (1980).

[CrossRef]
[PubMed]

E. M. Purcell, C. P. Pennypacker, “Scattering and absorption of light by nonspherical dielectric grains,” Astrophys. J. 196, 705–714 (1973).

[CrossRef]

S. K. Yee, “Numerical solution of initial boundary value problems involving Maxwell’s equation in isotropic media,” IEEE Trans. Antennas. Propag. AP-14, 302–307 (1966).

J. M. Greeberg, A. S. Meltzer, “Scattering by nonspherical particles,” J. Appl. Phys. 31, 82–84 (1960).

[CrossRef]

R. Penndorf, “Scattering and extinction coefficients for small spherical aerosols,” J. Atmos. Sci. 19, 193 (1961).

[CrossRef]

A. Mugnai, W. J. Wiscombe, “Scattering of radiation by moderately nonspherical particles,” J. Atmos. Sci. 37, 1291–1307 (1980).

[CrossRef]

Y. Takano, K. N. Liou, P. Minnis, “The effects of small ice crystals on cirrus infrared radiative properties,” J. Atmos. Sci. 49, 1487–1493 (1992).

[CrossRef]

S. A. Ackerman, G. L. Stephens, “The absorption of solar radiation by cloud droplets: an application of anomalous diffraction theory,” J. Atmos. Sci. 44, 1574–1588 (1987).

[CrossRef]

D. L. Mitchell, “Parameterization of the Mie extinction and absorption coefficients for water clouds,” J. Atmos. Sci. 57, 1311–1326 (2000).

[CrossRef]

P. Latimer, “Light scattering by ellipsoids,” J. Colloid Interface Sci. 53, 102–109 (1975).

[CrossRef]

P. Latimer, P. Barber, “Scattering by ellipsoids of revolution,” J. Colloid Interface Sci. 63, 310–316 (1978).

[CrossRef]

F. D. Bryant, P. Latimer, “Optical efficiencies of large particles of arbitrary shape and orientation,” J. Colloid Interface Sci. 30, 291–304 (1969).

[CrossRef]

P. Yang, K. N. Liou, K. Wyser, D. Mitchell, “Parameterization of scattering and absorption properties of individual ice crystals,” J. Geophys. Res. D 105, 4699–4718 (2000).

[CrossRef]

H. Y. Chen, M. F. Lskander, “Light scattering and absorption by fractal agglomerate and coagulations of smoke aerosols,” J. Mod. Opt. 37, 171–181 (1990).

[CrossRef]

P. Chýlek, J. D. Klett, “Extinction cross section of nonspherical particles in the anomalous diffraction approximation,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. A 8, 274–281 (1991).

[CrossRef]

P. Chýlek, J. D. Klett, “Absorption and scattering of electromagnetic radiation by prismatic columns: e anomalous diffraction approximation,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. A 8, 1713–1720 (1991).

[CrossRef]

P. Yang, K. N. Liou, “Finite-difference time domain method for light scattering by small ice crystals in three-dimensional space,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. A 13, 2072–2085 (1996).

[CrossRef]

B. T. Draine, P. J. Flatau, “Discrete-dipole approximation for calculations,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. A 11, 1491–1499 (1994).

[CrossRef]

P. J. Flatau, G. L. Stephens, B. T. Draine, “Light scattering by rectangular solids in the discrete-dipole approximation: a new algorithm exploiting the Block-Toeplitz structure,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. A 7, 593–600 (1990).

[CrossRef]

M. I. Mishchenko, “Light scattering by randomly oriented axially symmetric particles,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. A 8, 871–882 (1991).

[CrossRef]

P. Chiappetta, “Multiple scattering approach to light scattering by arbitrarily shaped particles,” J. Phys. A 13, 2101–2108 (1980).

[CrossRef]

M. I. Mishchenko, L. D. Travis, D. W. Mackowski, “T-matrix computations of light scattering by nonspherical particles: a review,” J. Quant. Spectrosc. Radiat. Transfer 55, 535–575 (1996).

[CrossRef]

D. H. Napper, “A diffraction theory approach to the total scattering by cubes,” Kolloid Z. Z. Polym. 218, 41–45 (1967).

[CrossRef]

V. Vouk, “Projected area of convex bodies,” Nature (London) 162, 330–331 (1948).

[CrossRef]

J. M. Perrin, P. Chiappetta, “Light scattering by large particles, I: a new theoretical description in the eikonal picture,” Opt. Acta. 32, 907–921 (1985).

[CrossRef]

J. M. Perrin, P. Chiappetta, “Light scattering by large particles, II: a vectorical description in the eikonal picture,” Opt. Acta. 33, 1001–1022 (1986).

[CrossRef]

A. Maslowska, P. J. Flatau, G. L. Stephens, “On the validity of the anomalous diffraction theory to light scattering by cubes,” Opt. Commun. 107, 35–40 (1994).

[CrossRef]

T. W. Chen, “Effective sphere for spheroid in light scattering,” Opt. Commun. 114, 199–202 (1995).

[CrossRef]

L. E. Paramonov, V. N. Lopatin, F. Y. Sidko, “Light scattering of soft spheroidal particles,” Opt. Spectrosc. (USSR) 61, 358–361 (1986).

T. W. Chen, “Generalized eikonal approximation,” Phys. Rev. C 30, 585–592 (1984).

[CrossRef]

P. C. Waterman, “Symmetry, unitarity, and geometry in electromagnetic scattering,” Phys. Rev. D 3, 825–839 (1971).

[CrossRef]

H. M. Nussenzveig, W. J. Wiscombe, “Efficiency factors in Mie scattering,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 45, 1490–1494 (1980).

[CrossRef]

P. C. Waterman, “Matrix formulation of electromagnetic scattering,” Proc. IEEE 53, 805–812 (1965).

[CrossRef]

D. S. Jones, “High frequency scattering of electromagnetic wave,” Proc. R. Soc. London Ser. A 240, 206–213 (1957).

[CrossRef]

D. Deirmendjian, “Atmospheric extinction of infra-red radiation,” Q. J. R. Meteorol. Soc. 86, 371–381 (1960).

[CrossRef]

T. Wu, L. L. Tsai, “Scattering from arbitrarily-shaped lossy dielectric bodies of revolution,” Radio. Sci. 2, 709–718 (1977).

[CrossRef]

H. C. Van de Hulst, Light Scattering by Small Particles (Wiley, New York, 1957).

P. W. Barber, S. C. Hill, Light Scattering by Particles: Computational Methods (World Scientific, Singapore, 1990).