Abstract

We have obtained three-level cw laser operation at 985 nm with a Yb-doped S-FAP bulk crystal pumped by a Ti:sapphire laser. An output power of 250 mW for an incident pump power of 1.45 W has been achieved, which is the highest cw output power ever obtained, to our knowledge, at this wavelength with a Yb-doped crystal. The experimental results are in good agreement with the numerical model that we have developed.

© 2003 Optical Society of America

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    [CrossRef]
  4. C. J. Chang-Hasnain, J. Berger, D. R. Scifres, W. Streifer, J. R. Whinnery, A. Dienes, “High power with high efficiency in a narrow single-lobed beam from a diode laser array in an external cavity,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 50, 1465–1467 (1987).
    [CrossRef]
  5. L. D. DeLoach, S. A. Payne, L. L. Chase, L. K. Smith, W. L. Kway, W. F. Krupke, “Evaluation of absorption and emission properties of Yb3+ doped crystals for laser applications,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 29, 1179–1190 (1993).
    [CrossRef]
  6. L. A. Zenteno, J. D. Minelly, A. Liu, A. J. G. Ellison, S. G. Crigler, D. T. Walton, D. V. Kuksenkov, M. J. Dejneka, “1 W single-transverse-mode Yb-doped double-clad fibre laser at 978 nm,” Electron. Lett. 37, 819–820 (2001).
    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef]
  13. L. D. DeLoach, S. A. Payne, L. K. Smith, W. L. Kway, W. F. Krupke, “Laser and spectroscopic properties of Sr5(PO4)3F:Yb,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 11, 269–275 (1994).
    [CrossRef]
  14. A. A. Demidovich, A. N. Kuzmin, G. I. Ryabtsev, M. B. Danailov, W. Strek, A. N. Titov, “Influence of Yb concentration on Yb:KYW laser properties,” J. Alloys Compd. 300–301, 238–241 (2000).
    [CrossRef]
  15. C. D. Marshall, L. K. Smith, R. J. Beach, M. A. Emanuel, K. I. Schaffers, J. Skidmore, S. A. Payne, B. H. T. Chai, “Diode-pumped ytterbium-doped Sr5(PO4)3F laser performance,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 32, 650–656 (1996).
    [CrossRef]
  16. M. R. Dickinson, L. A. W. Gloster, N. W. Hopps, T. A. King, “Continuous-wave diode-pumped Yb3+:S-FAP laser,” Opt. Commun. 132, 275–278 (1996).
    [CrossRef]

2001

L. A. Zenteno, J. D. Minelly, A. Liu, A. J. G. Ellison, S. G. Crigler, D. T. Walton, D. V. Kuksenkov, M. J. Dejneka, “1 W single-transverse-mode Yb-doped double-clad fibre laser at 978 nm,” Electron. Lett. 37, 819–820 (2001).
[CrossRef]

2000

A. J. Bayramian, C. Bibeau, R. J. Beach, C. D. Marshall, S. A. Payne, W. F. Krupke, “Three-level Q-switched laser operation of ytterbium-doped Sr5(PO4)3F at 985 nm,” Opt. Lett. 25, 622–624 (2000).
[CrossRef]

F. Augé, F. Druon, F. Balembois, P. Georges, A. Brun, F. Mougel, G. Aka, D. Vivien, “Theoretical and experimental investigations of a diode-pumped quasi-three-level laser: the Yb3+-doped Ca4(GdO(BO3)3 (Yb:GdCOB) laser,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 36, 598–606 (2000).
[CrossRef]

A. A. Demidovich, A. N. Kuzmin, G. I. Ryabtsev, M. B. Danailov, W. Strek, A. N. Titov, “Influence of Yb concentration on Yb:KYW laser properties,” J. Alloys Compd. 300–301, 238–241 (2000).
[CrossRef]

1999

A. J. Bayramian, C. D. Marshall, K. I. Schaffers, S. Payne, “Characterization of Yb3+:Sr5-x Bax(PO4)3F crystals for diode-pumped lasers,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 35, 665–673 (1999).
[CrossRef]

1997

N. V. Kuleshov, A. A. Podlipensky, V. P. Mikhailov, “Pulsed laser operation of Yb-doped KY(WO4)2 and KGd(WO4)2,” Opt. Lett. 22, 1317–1319 (1997).
[CrossRef]

M. Kuznetsov, F. Hakimi, R. Spragüe, A. Mooradian, “High-power (5 W cw) diode-pumped vertical-external-cavity surface-emitting semiconductor lasers with circular TEM00 beams,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 9, 1063–1065 (1997).
[CrossRef]

1996

C. D. Marshall, L. K. Smith, R. J. Beach, M. A. Emanuel, K. I. Schaffers, J. Skidmore, S. A. Payne, B. H. T. Chai, “Diode-pumped ytterbium-doped Sr5(PO4)3F laser performance,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 32, 650–656 (1996).
[CrossRef]

M. R. Dickinson, L. A. W. Gloster, N. W. Hopps, T. A. King, “Continuous-wave diode-pumped Yb3+:S-FAP laser,” Opt. Commun. 132, 275–278 (1996).
[CrossRef]

1994

1993

L. D. DeLoach, S. A. Payne, L. L. Chase, L. K. Smith, W. L. Kway, W. F. Krupke, “Evaluation of absorption and emission properties of Yb3+ doped crystals for laser applications,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 29, 1179–1190 (1993).
[CrossRef]

1987

C. J. Chang-Hasnain, J. Berger, D. R. Scifres, W. Streifer, J. R. Whinnery, A. Dienes, “High power with high efficiency in a narrow single-lobed beam from a diode laser array in an external cavity,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 50, 1465–1467 (1987).
[CrossRef]

Aka, G.

F. Augé, F. Druon, F. Balembois, P. Georges, A. Brun, F. Mougel, G. Aka, D. Vivien, “Theoretical and experimental investigations of a diode-pumped quasi-three-level laser: the Yb3+-doped Ca4(GdO(BO3)3 (Yb:GdCOB) laser,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 36, 598–606 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Augé, F.

F. Augé, F. Druon, F. Balembois, P. Georges, A. Brun, F. Mougel, G. Aka, D. Vivien, “Theoretical and experimental investigations of a diode-pumped quasi-three-level laser: the Yb3+-doped Ca4(GdO(BO3)3 (Yb:GdCOB) laser,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 36, 598–606 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Balembois, F.

F. Augé, F. Druon, F. Balembois, P. Georges, A. Brun, F. Mougel, G. Aka, D. Vivien, “Theoretical and experimental investigations of a diode-pumped quasi-three-level laser: the Yb3+-doped Ca4(GdO(BO3)3 (Yb:GdCOB) laser,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 36, 598–606 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Bayramian, A. J.

A. J. Bayramian, C. Bibeau, R. J. Beach, C. D. Marshall, S. A. Payne, W. F. Krupke, “Three-level Q-switched laser operation of ytterbium-doped Sr5(PO4)3F at 985 nm,” Opt. Lett. 25, 622–624 (2000).
[CrossRef]

A. J. Bayramian, C. D. Marshall, K. I. Schaffers, S. Payne, “Characterization of Yb3+:Sr5-x Bax(PO4)3F crystals for diode-pumped lasers,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 35, 665–673 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Beach, R. J.

A. J. Bayramian, C. Bibeau, R. J. Beach, C. D. Marshall, S. A. Payne, W. F. Krupke, “Three-level Q-switched laser operation of ytterbium-doped Sr5(PO4)3F at 985 nm,” Opt. Lett. 25, 622–624 (2000).
[CrossRef]

C. D. Marshall, L. K. Smith, R. J. Beach, M. A. Emanuel, K. I. Schaffers, J. Skidmore, S. A. Payne, B. H. T. Chai, “Diode-pumped ytterbium-doped Sr5(PO4)3F laser performance,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 32, 650–656 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Berger, J.

C. J. Chang-Hasnain, J. Berger, D. R. Scifres, W. Streifer, J. R. Whinnery, A. Dienes, “High power with high efficiency in a narrow single-lobed beam from a diode laser array in an external cavity,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 50, 1465–1467 (1987).
[CrossRef]

Bibeau, C.

Brun, A.

F. Augé, F. Druon, F. Balembois, P. Georges, A. Brun, F. Mougel, G. Aka, D. Vivien, “Theoretical and experimental investigations of a diode-pumped quasi-three-level laser: the Yb3+-doped Ca4(GdO(BO3)3 (Yb:GdCOB) laser,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 36, 598–606 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Chai, B. H. T.

C. D. Marshall, L. K. Smith, R. J. Beach, M. A. Emanuel, K. I. Schaffers, J. Skidmore, S. A. Payne, B. H. T. Chai, “Diode-pumped ytterbium-doped Sr5(PO4)3F laser performance,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 32, 650–656 (1996).
[CrossRef]

S. A. Payne, L. D. DeLoach, L. K. Smith, W. L. Kway, J. B. Tassano, W. F. Krupke, B. H. T. Chai, G. Loutts, “Ytterbium-doped apatite-structure crystals: a new class of laser materials,” J. Appl. Phys. 76, 497–503 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Chang-Hasnain, C. J.

C. J. Chang-Hasnain, J. Berger, D. R. Scifres, W. Streifer, J. R. Whinnery, A. Dienes, “High power with high efficiency in a narrow single-lobed beam from a diode laser array in an external cavity,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 50, 1465–1467 (1987).
[CrossRef]

Chase, L. L.

L. D. DeLoach, S. A. Payne, L. L. Chase, L. K. Smith, W. L. Kway, W. F. Krupke, “Evaluation of absorption and emission properties of Yb3+ doped crystals for laser applications,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 29, 1179–1190 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Crigler, S. G.

L. A. Zenteno, J. D. Minelly, A. Liu, A. J. G. Ellison, S. G. Crigler, D. T. Walton, D. V. Kuksenkov, M. J. Dejneka, “1 W single-transverse-mode Yb-doped double-clad fibre laser at 978 nm,” Electron. Lett. 37, 819–820 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Danailov, M. B.

A. A. Demidovich, A. N. Kuzmin, G. I. Ryabtsev, M. B. Danailov, W. Strek, A. N. Titov, “Influence of Yb concentration on Yb:KYW laser properties,” J. Alloys Compd. 300–301, 238–241 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Dejneka, M. J.

L. A. Zenteno, J. D. Minelly, A. Liu, A. J. G. Ellison, S. G. Crigler, D. T. Walton, D. V. Kuksenkov, M. J. Dejneka, “1 W single-transverse-mode Yb-doped double-clad fibre laser at 978 nm,” Electron. Lett. 37, 819–820 (2001).
[CrossRef]

DeLoach, L. D.

S. A. Payne, L. D. DeLoach, L. K. Smith, W. L. Kway, J. B. Tassano, W. F. Krupke, B. H. T. Chai, G. Loutts, “Ytterbium-doped apatite-structure crystals: a new class of laser materials,” J. Appl. Phys. 76, 497–503 (1994).
[CrossRef]

L. D. DeLoach, S. A. Payne, L. K. Smith, W. L. Kway, W. F. Krupke, “Laser and spectroscopic properties of Sr5(PO4)3F:Yb,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 11, 269–275 (1994).
[CrossRef]

L. D. DeLoach, S. A. Payne, L. L. Chase, L. K. Smith, W. L. Kway, W. F. Krupke, “Evaluation of absorption and emission properties of Yb3+ doped crystals for laser applications,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 29, 1179–1190 (1993).
[CrossRef]

DeMars, S. D.

S. D. DeMars, K. M. Dzurko, R. J. Lang, D. F. Welch, D. R. Scifres, A. Hardy, “Angled-grating distributed feedback laser with 1 W cw single-mode diffraction-limited output at 980 nm,” in Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics, Vol. 9 of 1996 OSA Technical Digest Series (Optical Society of America, Washington D.C., 1996), pp. 77–78.

Demidovich, A. A.

A. A. Demidovich, A. N. Kuzmin, G. I. Ryabtsev, M. B. Danailov, W. Strek, A. N. Titov, “Influence of Yb concentration on Yb:KYW laser properties,” J. Alloys Compd. 300–301, 238–241 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Dickinson, M. R.

M. R. Dickinson, L. A. W. Gloster, N. W. Hopps, T. A. King, “Continuous-wave diode-pumped Yb3+:S-FAP laser,” Opt. Commun. 132, 275–278 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Dienes, A.

C. J. Chang-Hasnain, J. Berger, D. R. Scifres, W. Streifer, J. R. Whinnery, A. Dienes, “High power with high efficiency in a narrow single-lobed beam from a diode laser array in an external cavity,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 50, 1465–1467 (1987).
[CrossRef]

Druon, F.

F. Augé, F. Druon, F. Balembois, P. Georges, A. Brun, F. Mougel, G. Aka, D. Vivien, “Theoretical and experimental investigations of a diode-pumped quasi-three-level laser: the Yb3+-doped Ca4(GdO(BO3)3 (Yb:GdCOB) laser,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 36, 598–606 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Dzurko, K. M.

S. D. DeMars, K. M. Dzurko, R. J. Lang, D. F. Welch, D. R. Scifres, A. Hardy, “Angled-grating distributed feedback laser with 1 W cw single-mode diffraction-limited output at 980 nm,” in Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics, Vol. 9 of 1996 OSA Technical Digest Series (Optical Society of America, Washington D.C., 1996), pp. 77–78.

Ellison, A. J. G.

L. A. Zenteno, J. D. Minelly, A. Liu, A. J. G. Ellison, S. G. Crigler, D. T. Walton, D. V. Kuksenkov, M. J. Dejneka, “1 W single-transverse-mode Yb-doped double-clad fibre laser at 978 nm,” Electron. Lett. 37, 819–820 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Emanuel, M. A.

C. D. Marshall, L. K. Smith, R. J. Beach, M. A. Emanuel, K. I. Schaffers, J. Skidmore, S. A. Payne, B. H. T. Chai, “Diode-pumped ytterbium-doped Sr5(PO4)3F laser performance,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 32, 650–656 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Fan, T. Y.

Georges, P.

F. Augé, F. Druon, F. Balembois, P. Georges, A. Brun, F. Mougel, G. Aka, D. Vivien, “Theoretical and experimental investigations of a diode-pumped quasi-three-level laser: the Yb3+-doped Ca4(GdO(BO3)3 (Yb:GdCOB) laser,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 36, 598–606 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Gloster, L. A. W.

M. R. Dickinson, L. A. W. Gloster, N. W. Hopps, T. A. King, “Continuous-wave diode-pumped Yb3+:S-FAP laser,” Opt. Commun. 132, 275–278 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Hakimi, F.

M. Kuznetsov, F. Hakimi, R. Spragüe, A. Mooradian, “High-power (5 W cw) diode-pumped vertical-external-cavity surface-emitting semiconductor lasers with circular TEM00 beams,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 9, 1063–1065 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Hardy, A.

S. D. DeMars, K. M. Dzurko, R. J. Lang, D. F. Welch, D. R. Scifres, A. Hardy, “Angled-grating distributed feedback laser with 1 W cw single-mode diffraction-limited output at 980 nm,” in Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics, Vol. 9 of 1996 OSA Technical Digest Series (Optical Society of America, Washington D.C., 1996), pp. 77–78.

Hopps, N. W.

M. R. Dickinson, L. A. W. Gloster, N. W. Hopps, T. A. King, “Continuous-wave diode-pumped Yb3+:S-FAP laser,” Opt. Commun. 132, 275–278 (1996).
[CrossRef]

King, T. A.

M. R. Dickinson, L. A. W. Gloster, N. W. Hopps, T. A. King, “Continuous-wave diode-pumped Yb3+:S-FAP laser,” Opt. Commun. 132, 275–278 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Krupke, W. F.

A. J. Bayramian, C. Bibeau, R. J. Beach, C. D. Marshall, S. A. Payne, W. F. Krupke, “Three-level Q-switched laser operation of ytterbium-doped Sr5(PO4)3F at 985 nm,” Opt. Lett. 25, 622–624 (2000).
[CrossRef]

S. A. Payne, L. D. DeLoach, L. K. Smith, W. L. Kway, J. B. Tassano, W. F. Krupke, B. H. T. Chai, G. Loutts, “Ytterbium-doped apatite-structure crystals: a new class of laser materials,” J. Appl. Phys. 76, 497–503 (1994).
[CrossRef]

L. D. DeLoach, S. A. Payne, L. K. Smith, W. L. Kway, W. F. Krupke, “Laser and spectroscopic properties of Sr5(PO4)3F:Yb,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 11, 269–275 (1994).
[CrossRef]

L. D. DeLoach, S. A. Payne, L. L. Chase, L. K. Smith, W. L. Kway, W. F. Krupke, “Evaluation of absorption and emission properties of Yb3+ doped crystals for laser applications,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 29, 1179–1190 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Kuksenkov, D. V.

L. A. Zenteno, J. D. Minelly, A. Liu, A. J. G. Ellison, S. G. Crigler, D. T. Walton, D. V. Kuksenkov, M. J. Dejneka, “1 W single-transverse-mode Yb-doped double-clad fibre laser at 978 nm,” Electron. Lett. 37, 819–820 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Kuleshov, N. V.

Kuzmin, A. N.

A. A. Demidovich, A. N. Kuzmin, G. I. Ryabtsev, M. B. Danailov, W. Strek, A. N. Titov, “Influence of Yb concentration on Yb:KYW laser properties,” J. Alloys Compd. 300–301, 238–241 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Kuznetsov, M.

M. Kuznetsov, F. Hakimi, R. Spragüe, A. Mooradian, “High-power (5 W cw) diode-pumped vertical-external-cavity surface-emitting semiconductor lasers with circular TEM00 beams,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 9, 1063–1065 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Kway, W. L.

L. D. DeLoach, S. A. Payne, L. K. Smith, W. L. Kway, W. F. Krupke, “Laser and spectroscopic properties of Sr5(PO4)3F:Yb,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 11, 269–275 (1994).
[CrossRef]

S. A. Payne, L. D. DeLoach, L. K. Smith, W. L. Kway, J. B. Tassano, W. F. Krupke, B. H. T. Chai, G. Loutts, “Ytterbium-doped apatite-structure crystals: a new class of laser materials,” J. Appl. Phys. 76, 497–503 (1994).
[CrossRef]

L. D. DeLoach, S. A. Payne, L. L. Chase, L. K. Smith, W. L. Kway, W. F. Krupke, “Evaluation of absorption and emission properties of Yb3+ doped crystals for laser applications,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 29, 1179–1190 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Lang, R. J.

S. D. DeMars, K. M. Dzurko, R. J. Lang, D. F. Welch, D. R. Scifres, A. Hardy, “Angled-grating distributed feedback laser with 1 W cw single-mode diffraction-limited output at 980 nm,” in Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics, Vol. 9 of 1996 OSA Technical Digest Series (Optical Society of America, Washington D.C., 1996), pp. 77–78.

Liu, A.

L. A. Zenteno, J. D. Minelly, A. Liu, A. J. G. Ellison, S. G. Crigler, D. T. Walton, D. V. Kuksenkov, M. J. Dejneka, “1 W single-transverse-mode Yb-doped double-clad fibre laser at 978 nm,” Electron. Lett. 37, 819–820 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Loutts, G.

S. A. Payne, L. D. DeLoach, L. K. Smith, W. L. Kway, J. B. Tassano, W. F. Krupke, B. H. T. Chai, G. Loutts, “Ytterbium-doped apatite-structure crystals: a new class of laser materials,” J. Appl. Phys. 76, 497–503 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Marshall, C. D.

A. J. Bayramian, C. Bibeau, R. J. Beach, C. D. Marshall, S. A. Payne, W. F. Krupke, “Three-level Q-switched laser operation of ytterbium-doped Sr5(PO4)3F at 985 nm,” Opt. Lett. 25, 622–624 (2000).
[CrossRef]

A. J. Bayramian, C. D. Marshall, K. I. Schaffers, S. Payne, “Characterization of Yb3+:Sr5-x Bax(PO4)3F crystals for diode-pumped lasers,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 35, 665–673 (1999).
[CrossRef]

C. D. Marshall, L. K. Smith, R. J. Beach, M. A. Emanuel, K. I. Schaffers, J. Skidmore, S. A. Payne, B. H. T. Chai, “Diode-pumped ytterbium-doped Sr5(PO4)3F laser performance,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 32, 650–656 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Mikhailov, V. P.

Minelly, J. D.

L. A. Zenteno, J. D. Minelly, A. Liu, A. J. G. Ellison, S. G. Crigler, D. T. Walton, D. V. Kuksenkov, M. J. Dejneka, “1 W single-transverse-mode Yb-doped double-clad fibre laser at 978 nm,” Electron. Lett. 37, 819–820 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Mooradian, A.

M. Kuznetsov, F. Hakimi, R. Spragüe, A. Mooradian, “High-power (5 W cw) diode-pumped vertical-external-cavity surface-emitting semiconductor lasers with circular TEM00 beams,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 9, 1063–1065 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Mougel, F.

F. Augé, F. Druon, F. Balembois, P. Georges, A. Brun, F. Mougel, G. Aka, D. Vivien, “Theoretical and experimental investigations of a diode-pumped quasi-three-level laser: the Yb3+-doped Ca4(GdO(BO3)3 (Yb:GdCOB) laser,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 36, 598–606 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Payne, S.

A. J. Bayramian, C. D. Marshall, K. I. Schaffers, S. Payne, “Characterization of Yb3+:Sr5-x Bax(PO4)3F crystals for diode-pumped lasers,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 35, 665–673 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Payne, S. A.

A. J. Bayramian, C. Bibeau, R. J. Beach, C. D. Marshall, S. A. Payne, W. F. Krupke, “Three-level Q-switched laser operation of ytterbium-doped Sr5(PO4)3F at 985 nm,” Opt. Lett. 25, 622–624 (2000).
[CrossRef]

C. D. Marshall, L. K. Smith, R. J. Beach, M. A. Emanuel, K. I. Schaffers, J. Skidmore, S. A. Payne, B. H. T. Chai, “Diode-pumped ytterbium-doped Sr5(PO4)3F laser performance,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 32, 650–656 (1996).
[CrossRef]

S. A. Payne, L. D. DeLoach, L. K. Smith, W. L. Kway, J. B. Tassano, W. F. Krupke, B. H. T. Chai, G. Loutts, “Ytterbium-doped apatite-structure crystals: a new class of laser materials,” J. Appl. Phys. 76, 497–503 (1994).
[CrossRef]

L. D. DeLoach, S. A. Payne, L. K. Smith, W. L. Kway, W. F. Krupke, “Laser and spectroscopic properties of Sr5(PO4)3F:Yb,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 11, 269–275 (1994).
[CrossRef]

L. D. DeLoach, S. A. Payne, L. L. Chase, L. K. Smith, W. L. Kway, W. F. Krupke, “Evaluation of absorption and emission properties of Yb3+ doped crystals for laser applications,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 29, 1179–1190 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Podlipensky, A. A.

Ryabtsev, G. I.

A. A. Demidovich, A. N. Kuzmin, G. I. Ryabtsev, M. B. Danailov, W. Strek, A. N. Titov, “Influence of Yb concentration on Yb:KYW laser properties,” J. Alloys Compd. 300–301, 238–241 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Schaffers, K. I.

A. J. Bayramian, C. D. Marshall, K. I. Schaffers, S. Payne, “Characterization of Yb3+:Sr5-x Bax(PO4)3F crystals for diode-pumped lasers,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 35, 665–673 (1999).
[CrossRef]

C. D. Marshall, L. K. Smith, R. J. Beach, M. A. Emanuel, K. I. Schaffers, J. Skidmore, S. A. Payne, B. H. T. Chai, “Diode-pumped ytterbium-doped Sr5(PO4)3F laser performance,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 32, 650–656 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Scifres, D. R.

C. J. Chang-Hasnain, J. Berger, D. R. Scifres, W. Streifer, J. R. Whinnery, A. Dienes, “High power with high efficiency in a narrow single-lobed beam from a diode laser array in an external cavity,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 50, 1465–1467 (1987).
[CrossRef]

S. D. DeMars, K. M. Dzurko, R. J. Lang, D. F. Welch, D. R. Scifres, A. Hardy, “Angled-grating distributed feedback laser with 1 W cw single-mode diffraction-limited output at 980 nm,” in Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics, Vol. 9 of 1996 OSA Technical Digest Series (Optical Society of America, Washington D.C., 1996), pp. 77–78.

Skidmore, J.

C. D. Marshall, L. K. Smith, R. J. Beach, M. A. Emanuel, K. I. Schaffers, J. Skidmore, S. A. Payne, B. H. T. Chai, “Diode-pumped ytterbium-doped Sr5(PO4)3F laser performance,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 32, 650–656 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Smith, L. K.

C. D. Marshall, L. K. Smith, R. J. Beach, M. A. Emanuel, K. I. Schaffers, J. Skidmore, S. A. Payne, B. H. T. Chai, “Diode-pumped ytterbium-doped Sr5(PO4)3F laser performance,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 32, 650–656 (1996).
[CrossRef]

L. D. DeLoach, S. A. Payne, L. K. Smith, W. L. Kway, W. F. Krupke, “Laser and spectroscopic properties of Sr5(PO4)3F:Yb,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 11, 269–275 (1994).
[CrossRef]

S. A. Payne, L. D. DeLoach, L. K. Smith, W. L. Kway, J. B. Tassano, W. F. Krupke, B. H. T. Chai, G. Loutts, “Ytterbium-doped apatite-structure crystals: a new class of laser materials,” J. Appl. Phys. 76, 497–503 (1994).
[CrossRef]

L. D. DeLoach, S. A. Payne, L. L. Chase, L. K. Smith, W. L. Kway, W. F. Krupke, “Evaluation of absorption and emission properties of Yb3+ doped crystals for laser applications,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 29, 1179–1190 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Spragüe, R.

M. Kuznetsov, F. Hakimi, R. Spragüe, A. Mooradian, “High-power (5 W cw) diode-pumped vertical-external-cavity surface-emitting semiconductor lasers with circular TEM00 beams,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 9, 1063–1065 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Streifer, W.

C. J. Chang-Hasnain, J. Berger, D. R. Scifres, W. Streifer, J. R. Whinnery, A. Dienes, “High power with high efficiency in a narrow single-lobed beam from a diode laser array in an external cavity,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 50, 1465–1467 (1987).
[CrossRef]

Strek, W.

A. A. Demidovich, A. N. Kuzmin, G. I. Ryabtsev, M. B. Danailov, W. Strek, A. N. Titov, “Influence of Yb concentration on Yb:KYW laser properties,” J. Alloys Compd. 300–301, 238–241 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Sumida, D. S.

Tassano, J. B.

S. A. Payne, L. D. DeLoach, L. K. Smith, W. L. Kway, J. B. Tassano, W. F. Krupke, B. H. T. Chai, G. Loutts, “Ytterbium-doped apatite-structure crystals: a new class of laser materials,” J. Appl. Phys. 76, 497–503 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Titov, A. N.

A. A. Demidovich, A. N. Kuzmin, G. I. Ryabtsev, M. B. Danailov, W. Strek, A. N. Titov, “Influence of Yb concentration on Yb:KYW laser properties,” J. Alloys Compd. 300–301, 238–241 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Vivien, D.

F. Augé, F. Druon, F. Balembois, P. Georges, A. Brun, F. Mougel, G. Aka, D. Vivien, “Theoretical and experimental investigations of a diode-pumped quasi-three-level laser: the Yb3+-doped Ca4(GdO(BO3)3 (Yb:GdCOB) laser,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 36, 598–606 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Walton, D. T.

L. A. Zenteno, J. D. Minelly, A. Liu, A. J. G. Ellison, S. G. Crigler, D. T. Walton, D. V. Kuksenkov, M. J. Dejneka, “1 W single-transverse-mode Yb-doped double-clad fibre laser at 978 nm,” Electron. Lett. 37, 819–820 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Welch, D. F.

S. D. DeMars, K. M. Dzurko, R. J. Lang, D. F. Welch, D. R. Scifres, A. Hardy, “Angled-grating distributed feedback laser with 1 W cw single-mode diffraction-limited output at 980 nm,” in Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics, Vol. 9 of 1996 OSA Technical Digest Series (Optical Society of America, Washington D.C., 1996), pp. 77–78.

Whinnery, J. R.

C. J. Chang-Hasnain, J. Berger, D. R. Scifres, W. Streifer, J. R. Whinnery, A. Dienes, “High power with high efficiency in a narrow single-lobed beam from a diode laser array in an external cavity,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 50, 1465–1467 (1987).
[CrossRef]

Zenteno, L. A.

L. A. Zenteno, J. D. Minelly, A. Liu, A. J. G. Ellison, S. G. Crigler, D. T. Walton, D. V. Kuksenkov, M. J. Dejneka, “1 W single-transverse-mode Yb-doped double-clad fibre laser at 978 nm,” Electron. Lett. 37, 819–820 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Appl. Phys. Lett.

C. J. Chang-Hasnain, J. Berger, D. R. Scifres, W. Streifer, J. R. Whinnery, A. Dienes, “High power with high efficiency in a narrow single-lobed beam from a diode laser array in an external cavity,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 50, 1465–1467 (1987).
[CrossRef]

Electron. Lett.

L. A. Zenteno, J. D. Minelly, A. Liu, A. J. G. Ellison, S. G. Crigler, D. T. Walton, D. V. Kuksenkov, M. J. Dejneka, “1 W single-transverse-mode Yb-doped double-clad fibre laser at 978 nm,” Electron. Lett. 37, 819–820 (2001).
[CrossRef]

IEEE J. Quantum Electron.

L. D. DeLoach, S. A. Payne, L. L. Chase, L. K. Smith, W. L. Kway, W. F. Krupke, “Evaluation of absorption and emission properties of Yb3+ doped crystals for laser applications,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 29, 1179–1190 (1993).
[CrossRef]

F. Augé, F. Druon, F. Balembois, P. Georges, A. Brun, F. Mougel, G. Aka, D. Vivien, “Theoretical and experimental investigations of a diode-pumped quasi-three-level laser: the Yb3+-doped Ca4(GdO(BO3)3 (Yb:GdCOB) laser,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 36, 598–606 (2000).
[CrossRef]

A. J. Bayramian, C. D. Marshall, K. I. Schaffers, S. Payne, “Characterization of Yb3+:Sr5-x Bax(PO4)3F crystals for diode-pumped lasers,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 35, 665–673 (1999).
[CrossRef]

C. D. Marshall, L. K. Smith, R. J. Beach, M. A. Emanuel, K. I. Schaffers, J. Skidmore, S. A. Payne, B. H. T. Chai, “Diode-pumped ytterbium-doped Sr5(PO4)3F laser performance,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 32, 650–656 (1996).
[CrossRef]

IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett.

M. Kuznetsov, F. Hakimi, R. Spragüe, A. Mooradian, “High-power (5 W cw) diode-pumped vertical-external-cavity surface-emitting semiconductor lasers with circular TEM00 beams,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 9, 1063–1065 (1997).
[CrossRef]

J. Alloys Compd.

A. A. Demidovich, A. N. Kuzmin, G. I. Ryabtsev, M. B. Danailov, W. Strek, A. N. Titov, “Influence of Yb concentration on Yb:KYW laser properties,” J. Alloys Compd. 300–301, 238–241 (2000).
[CrossRef]

J. Appl. Phys.

S. A. Payne, L. D. DeLoach, L. K. Smith, W. L. Kway, J. B. Tassano, W. F. Krupke, B. H. T. Chai, G. Loutts, “Ytterbium-doped apatite-structure crystals: a new class of laser materials,” J. Appl. Phys. 76, 497–503 (1994).
[CrossRef]

J. Opt. Soc. Am. B

Opt. Commun.

M. R. Dickinson, L. A. W. Gloster, N. W. Hopps, T. A. King, “Continuous-wave diode-pumped Yb3+:S-FAP laser,” Opt. Commun. 132, 275–278 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Lett.

Other

Novalux NXL-980MMP800 (Novalux extended-cavity surface-emitting laser), Novalux, Inc., 1170 Sonora Court, Sunnyvale, Calif. 94086.

S. D. DeMars, K. M. Dzurko, R. J. Lang, D. F. Welch, D. R. Scifres, A. Hardy, “Angled-grating distributed feedback laser with 1 W cw single-mode diffraction-limited output at 980 nm,” in Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics, Vol. 9 of 1996 OSA Technical Digest Series (Optical Society of America, Washington D.C., 1996), pp. 77–78.

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Figures (5)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

Experimental setup. Rc, curvature radius; HT, highly transmissive, HR, highly reflective.

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

Experimental (circles) and theoretical output power at 985 nm with (solid curve) and without (dashed curve) recycling of the pump versus incident pump power at 900 nm for an output coupler of 7%. Picture of the spatial profile of the laser beam at a distance d = 10 cm from the crystal. The size of the beam diameter at 1/e2 is 1.6 mm in both horizontal and vertical directions.

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

Experimental (circles) and theoretical small-signal gain with (solid curve) and without (dashed curve) recycling of the pump versus incident pump power.

Fig. 4
Fig. 4

Output power at 985 nm versus the wavelength of the pump Ti:Sapphire laser for anincident pump power of 1.45 W (bold curve). Comparison with the absorption spectrum of the Yb:S-FAP in arbitrary units (dashed curve).

Fig. 5
Fig. 5

Predictions of the output power versus incident pump power from our numerical model adapted to the diode pumping.

Tables (1)

Tables Icon

Table 1 Estimation of the Transparency Pump Intensity Ip for Different Yb-Doped Materialsa

Equations (2)

Equations on this page are rendered with MathJax. Learn more.

g=Nσelσap-σalσepλphc Ip-σalτ,σap+σepλphc Ip+1τ,
Ip=hcσalσelσap-σalσep τλp.

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