Abstract

A single-frequency Q-switched erbium-doped fiber ring laser is implemented for producing a single frequency with 25-Mhz laser linewidth, Q-switched pulses with a high peak power at 1557.5 nm. The single longitudinal mode is selected by a distributed Bragg reflector fiber laser, and a fiber-optic Mach-Zehnder interferometer acts as a Q-switch. The peak power and the average power of the Q-switched pulses vary with the repetition rate.

© 2003 Optical Society of America

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  1. L. X. Xu, H. Ming, W. An, X. S. Zhang, A. T. Wang, “Q-switched Yb doped fiber ring laser with a M-Z interferometer,” Chin. J. Lasers 9, 385–389 (2000).
  2. V. N. Filippov, A. V. Kir’yanov, A. N. Starodumov, “All fiber passively Q-switched low-threshold erbium laser,” in Optical Fiber Communications Conference, Vol. 54 of OSA Trends in Optics and Photonics Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 2001), paper WDD6–1.
  3. S. V. Chernikov, Y. Zhu, J. R. Taylor, V. P. Gapontsev, “Supercontinuum self-Q-switched ytterbium fiber laser,” Opt. Lett. 22, 298–300 (1997).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  4. P. Myslinski, J. Chrostowski, I. A. Koningstein, R. Simpson, “High power Q-switched erbium doped fiber laser,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 28, 371–377 (1992).
    [Crossref]
  5. G. P. Lees, M. J. Cole, T. P. Newton, “Narrow linewidth, Q-switched erbium doped fiber laser,” Electron. Lett. 32, 1299–1300 (1996).
    [Crossref]
  6. N. Park, J. W. Dawson, K. J. Vahala, C. Miller, “All fiber, low threshold, widely tunable single frequency fiber ring laser with a tandem fiber Fabry-Perot filter,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 59, 2369–2371 (1991).
    [Crossref]
  7. S. Yamashita, K. Hsu, “Single-frequency, single-, polarization operation of tunable miniature erbium: ytterbium fiber Fabry-Perot laser by use of self-injection locking,” Opt. Lett. 23, 1200–1202 (1998).
    [Crossref]
  8. J. Zhang, C. Y. Yue, G. W. Schinn, W. R. L. Clements, J. W. Y. Lit, “Stable single-mode compound-ring erbium-doped fiber laser,” J. Lightwave Technol. 14, 104–109 (1996).
    [Crossref]
  9. G. E. Town, K. Sugden, J. A. R. Williams, I. Bennion, S. B. Poole. “Wide-band Fabry-Perot-like filters in optical fibers,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 7, 78–80 (1995).
    [Crossref]

2000 (1)

L. X. Xu, H. Ming, W. An, X. S. Zhang, A. T. Wang, “Q-switched Yb doped fiber ring laser with a M-Z interferometer,” Chin. J. Lasers 9, 385–389 (2000).

1998 (1)

1997 (1)

1996 (2)

G. P. Lees, M. J. Cole, T. P. Newton, “Narrow linewidth, Q-switched erbium doped fiber laser,” Electron. Lett. 32, 1299–1300 (1996).
[Crossref]

J. Zhang, C. Y. Yue, G. W. Schinn, W. R. L. Clements, J. W. Y. Lit, “Stable single-mode compound-ring erbium-doped fiber laser,” J. Lightwave Technol. 14, 104–109 (1996).
[Crossref]

1995 (1)

G. E. Town, K. Sugden, J. A. R. Williams, I. Bennion, S. B. Poole. “Wide-band Fabry-Perot-like filters in optical fibers,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 7, 78–80 (1995).
[Crossref]

1992 (1)

P. Myslinski, J. Chrostowski, I. A. Koningstein, R. Simpson, “High power Q-switched erbium doped fiber laser,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 28, 371–377 (1992).
[Crossref]

1991 (1)

N. Park, J. W. Dawson, K. J. Vahala, C. Miller, “All fiber, low threshold, widely tunable single frequency fiber ring laser with a tandem fiber Fabry-Perot filter,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 59, 2369–2371 (1991).
[Crossref]

An, W.

L. X. Xu, H. Ming, W. An, X. S. Zhang, A. T. Wang, “Q-switched Yb doped fiber ring laser with a M-Z interferometer,” Chin. J. Lasers 9, 385–389 (2000).

Bennion, I.

G. E. Town, K. Sugden, J. A. R. Williams, I. Bennion, S. B. Poole. “Wide-band Fabry-Perot-like filters in optical fibers,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 7, 78–80 (1995).
[Crossref]

Chernikov, S. V.

Chrostowski, J.

P. Myslinski, J. Chrostowski, I. A. Koningstein, R. Simpson, “High power Q-switched erbium doped fiber laser,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 28, 371–377 (1992).
[Crossref]

Clements, W. R. L.

J. Zhang, C. Y. Yue, G. W. Schinn, W. R. L. Clements, J. W. Y. Lit, “Stable single-mode compound-ring erbium-doped fiber laser,” J. Lightwave Technol. 14, 104–109 (1996).
[Crossref]

Cole, M. J.

G. P. Lees, M. J. Cole, T. P. Newton, “Narrow linewidth, Q-switched erbium doped fiber laser,” Electron. Lett. 32, 1299–1300 (1996).
[Crossref]

Dawson, J. W.

N. Park, J. W. Dawson, K. J. Vahala, C. Miller, “All fiber, low threshold, widely tunable single frequency fiber ring laser with a tandem fiber Fabry-Perot filter,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 59, 2369–2371 (1991).
[Crossref]

Filippov, V. N.

V. N. Filippov, A. V. Kir’yanov, A. N. Starodumov, “All fiber passively Q-switched low-threshold erbium laser,” in Optical Fiber Communications Conference, Vol. 54 of OSA Trends in Optics and Photonics Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 2001), paper WDD6–1.

Gapontsev, V. P.

Hsu, K.

Kir’yanov, A. V.

V. N. Filippov, A. V. Kir’yanov, A. N. Starodumov, “All fiber passively Q-switched low-threshold erbium laser,” in Optical Fiber Communications Conference, Vol. 54 of OSA Trends in Optics and Photonics Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 2001), paper WDD6–1.

Koningstein, I. A.

P. Myslinski, J. Chrostowski, I. A. Koningstein, R. Simpson, “High power Q-switched erbium doped fiber laser,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 28, 371–377 (1992).
[Crossref]

Lees, G. P.

G. P. Lees, M. J. Cole, T. P. Newton, “Narrow linewidth, Q-switched erbium doped fiber laser,” Electron. Lett. 32, 1299–1300 (1996).
[Crossref]

Lit, J. W. Y.

J. Zhang, C. Y. Yue, G. W. Schinn, W. R. L. Clements, J. W. Y. Lit, “Stable single-mode compound-ring erbium-doped fiber laser,” J. Lightwave Technol. 14, 104–109 (1996).
[Crossref]

Miller, C.

N. Park, J. W. Dawson, K. J. Vahala, C. Miller, “All fiber, low threshold, widely tunable single frequency fiber ring laser with a tandem fiber Fabry-Perot filter,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 59, 2369–2371 (1991).
[Crossref]

Ming, H.

L. X. Xu, H. Ming, W. An, X. S. Zhang, A. T. Wang, “Q-switched Yb doped fiber ring laser with a M-Z interferometer,” Chin. J. Lasers 9, 385–389 (2000).

Myslinski, P.

P. Myslinski, J. Chrostowski, I. A. Koningstein, R. Simpson, “High power Q-switched erbium doped fiber laser,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 28, 371–377 (1992).
[Crossref]

Newton, T. P.

G. P. Lees, M. J. Cole, T. P. Newton, “Narrow linewidth, Q-switched erbium doped fiber laser,” Electron. Lett. 32, 1299–1300 (1996).
[Crossref]

Park, N.

N. Park, J. W. Dawson, K. J. Vahala, C. Miller, “All fiber, low threshold, widely tunable single frequency fiber ring laser with a tandem fiber Fabry-Perot filter,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 59, 2369–2371 (1991).
[Crossref]

Poole, S. B.

G. E. Town, K. Sugden, J. A. R. Williams, I. Bennion, S. B. Poole. “Wide-band Fabry-Perot-like filters in optical fibers,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 7, 78–80 (1995).
[Crossref]

Schinn, G. W.

J. Zhang, C. Y. Yue, G. W. Schinn, W. R. L. Clements, J. W. Y. Lit, “Stable single-mode compound-ring erbium-doped fiber laser,” J. Lightwave Technol. 14, 104–109 (1996).
[Crossref]

Simpson, R.

P. Myslinski, J. Chrostowski, I. A. Koningstein, R. Simpson, “High power Q-switched erbium doped fiber laser,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 28, 371–377 (1992).
[Crossref]

Starodumov, A. N.

V. N. Filippov, A. V. Kir’yanov, A. N. Starodumov, “All fiber passively Q-switched low-threshold erbium laser,” in Optical Fiber Communications Conference, Vol. 54 of OSA Trends in Optics and Photonics Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 2001), paper WDD6–1.

Sugden, K.

G. E. Town, K. Sugden, J. A. R. Williams, I. Bennion, S. B. Poole. “Wide-band Fabry-Perot-like filters in optical fibers,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 7, 78–80 (1995).
[Crossref]

Taylor, J. R.

Town, G. E.

G. E. Town, K. Sugden, J. A. R. Williams, I. Bennion, S. B. Poole. “Wide-band Fabry-Perot-like filters in optical fibers,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 7, 78–80 (1995).
[Crossref]

Vahala, K. J.

N. Park, J. W. Dawson, K. J. Vahala, C. Miller, “All fiber, low threshold, widely tunable single frequency fiber ring laser with a tandem fiber Fabry-Perot filter,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 59, 2369–2371 (1991).
[Crossref]

Wang, A. T.

L. X. Xu, H. Ming, W. An, X. S. Zhang, A. T. Wang, “Q-switched Yb doped fiber ring laser with a M-Z interferometer,” Chin. J. Lasers 9, 385–389 (2000).

Williams, J. A. R.

G. E. Town, K. Sugden, J. A. R. Williams, I. Bennion, S. B. Poole. “Wide-band Fabry-Perot-like filters in optical fibers,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 7, 78–80 (1995).
[Crossref]

Xu, L. X.

L. X. Xu, H. Ming, W. An, X. S. Zhang, A. T. Wang, “Q-switched Yb doped fiber ring laser with a M-Z interferometer,” Chin. J. Lasers 9, 385–389 (2000).

Yamashita, S.

Yue, C. Y.

J. Zhang, C. Y. Yue, G. W. Schinn, W. R. L. Clements, J. W. Y. Lit, “Stable single-mode compound-ring erbium-doped fiber laser,” J. Lightwave Technol. 14, 104–109 (1996).
[Crossref]

Zhang, J.

J. Zhang, C. Y. Yue, G. W. Schinn, W. R. L. Clements, J. W. Y. Lit, “Stable single-mode compound-ring erbium-doped fiber laser,” J. Lightwave Technol. 14, 104–109 (1996).
[Crossref]

Zhang, X. S.

L. X. Xu, H. Ming, W. An, X. S. Zhang, A. T. Wang, “Q-switched Yb doped fiber ring laser with a M-Z interferometer,” Chin. J. Lasers 9, 385–389 (2000).

Zhu, Y.

Appl. Phys. Lett. (1)

N. Park, J. W. Dawson, K. J. Vahala, C. Miller, “All fiber, low threshold, widely tunable single frequency fiber ring laser with a tandem fiber Fabry-Perot filter,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 59, 2369–2371 (1991).
[Crossref]

Chin. J. Lasers (1)

L. X. Xu, H. Ming, W. An, X. S. Zhang, A. T. Wang, “Q-switched Yb doped fiber ring laser with a M-Z interferometer,” Chin. J. Lasers 9, 385–389 (2000).

Electron. Lett. (1)

G. P. Lees, M. J. Cole, T. P. Newton, “Narrow linewidth, Q-switched erbium doped fiber laser,” Electron. Lett. 32, 1299–1300 (1996).
[Crossref]

IEEE J. Quantum Electron. (1)

P. Myslinski, J. Chrostowski, I. A. Koningstein, R. Simpson, “High power Q-switched erbium doped fiber laser,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 28, 371–377 (1992).
[Crossref]

IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. (1)

G. E. Town, K. Sugden, J. A. R. Williams, I. Bennion, S. B. Poole. “Wide-band Fabry-Perot-like filters in optical fibers,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 7, 78–80 (1995).
[Crossref]

J. Lightwave Technol. (1)

J. Zhang, C. Y. Yue, G. W. Schinn, W. R. L. Clements, J. W. Y. Lit, “Stable single-mode compound-ring erbium-doped fiber laser,” J. Lightwave Technol. 14, 104–109 (1996).
[Crossref]

Opt. Lett. (2)

Other (1)

V. N. Filippov, A. V. Kir’yanov, A. N. Starodumov, “All fiber passively Q-switched low-threshold erbium laser,” in Optical Fiber Communications Conference, Vol. 54 of OSA Trends in Optics and Photonics Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 2001), paper WDD6–1.

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Figures (5)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

Configuration of single-frequency Q-switched Er-doped fiber ring laser. C1, C2, 3-dB coupler; C3, 30:70 coupler; WDM1, 980/1550 nm; WDM2, 1480/1550 nm.

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

Output spectrum of the Q-switched erbium-doped fiber ring laser.

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

Pulse’s output spectrum measured by the Model 240 Spectrum Analyzer; the spectral linewidth of the laser is 25 MHz.

Fig. 4
Fig. 4

(a) Trace of the Q-switched pulses, (b) Wave form of one pulse.

Fig. 5
Fig. 5

Average power (dots) and peak power (triangles) versus repetition rate in the Q-switched regime of operation.

Equations (3)

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T=121+cos2βl2-l1.
2βl2-l1=4πnλ Δl=2jπ.
λ=2nj Δl,

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