Abstract

We analyze and predict the performance of a fiber-optic temperature sensor from the measured fluorescence spectrum to optimize its design. We apply this analysis to an erbium-doped silica fiber by employing the power-ratio technique. We develop expressions for the signal-to-noise ratio in a band to optimize sensor performance in each spectral channel. We improve the signal-to-noise ratio by a factor of 5 for each channel, compared with earlier results. We evaluate the analytical expression for the sensor sensitivity and predict it to be approximately 0.02 °C-1 for the temperature interval from room temperature to above 200 °C, increasing from 0.01 °C-1 at the edges of the interval to 0.03 °C-1 at the center, at 100–130 °C. The sensitivity again increases at temperatures higher than 300 °C, delineating its useful temperature intervals.

© 2003 Optical Society of America

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