Abstract

Modern synchrotron beamlines often take the form of critical illumination systems, where an incoherent source of limited spatial extent is re-imaged to an experimental plane of interest. Unique constraints of synchrotron sources and beamlines, however, may preclude the use of the simple Zernike approximation for calculating the object-image coherence relationship. Here, we perform a rigorous analysis of the object-image coherence relationship valid for synchrotron beamlines. The analysis shows that beamline aberrations have an effect on the coherence properties. Effects of various low-order aberrations on the coherence properties are explicitly studied.

© 2003 Optical Society of America

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