Abstract

Design and implementation of a free-space optical backplane for multiprocessor applications is presented. The system is designed to interconnect four multiprocessor nodes that communicate by using multiplexed 32-bit packets. Each multiprocessor node is electrically connected to an optoelectronic VLSI chip which implements the hyperplane interconnection architecture. The chips each contain 256 optical transmitters (implemented as dual-rail multiple quantum-well modulators) and 256 optical receivers. A rigid free-space microoptical interconnection system that interconnects the transceiver chips in a 512-channel unidirectional ring is implemented. Full design, implementation, and operational details are provided.

© 2003 Optical Society of America

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    [CrossRef]

2002 (2)

2001 (4)

2000 (11)

T. H. Szymanski, “Bandwidth optimization of optical datalinks using error control codes,” Appl. Opt.1761–1775 (2000).
[CrossRef]

R. T. Chen, L. Lin, C. Choi, Y. J. Liu, B. Bihari, L. Wu, S. Tang, R. Wickman, B. Picor, M. K. Hibb-Brenner, J. Bristow, Y. S. Liu, “Fully embedded board-level guided-wave optoelectronic interconnects,” Proc. IEEE 88, 780–793 (2000).
[CrossRef]

M. W. Haney, M. P. Christianson, F. Milojkovic, G. J. Fokken, M. Vickberg, B. K. Gilbert, J. Rieve, J. Erkman, P. Chandramani, F. Kiamilev, “Description and evaluation of the fast-net smart pixel-based optical interconnection prototype,” Proc. IEEE 88, 819–828 (2000).
[CrossRef]

D. Fey, W. Erhard, M. Gruber, J. Jahns, H. Bartelt, G. Grimm, L. Hoppe, S. Sinzinger, “Optical interconnects for neural and reconfigurable VLSI architectures,” Proc. IEEE 88, 838–848 (2000).
[CrossRef]

A. F. J. Levi, “Optical interconnects in systems,” Proc. IEEE 88, 750–757 (2000).
[CrossRef]

D. A. B. Miller, “Rationale and challenges for optical interconnects to electrical chips,” Proc. IEEE 88, 728–749 (2000).
[CrossRef]

J. H. Collet, D. Litaize, J. Van Campenhout, C. Jesshope, M. Desmulliez, H. Thienpont, J. Goodman, A. Louri, “Architectural approach of the role of optics in monoprocessor and multiprocessor machines,” Appl. Opt. 39, 671–682 (2000).
[CrossRef]

T. Maj, A. G. Kirk, D. V. Plant, J. F. Ahadian, C. G. Fonstad, K. L. Lear, K. Tatah, M. S. Robinson, J. A. Trezza, “Interconnection of a two-dimensional array of vertical-cavity surface-emitting lasers to a receiver array by means of a fiber image guide,” Appl. Opt. 39, 683–689 (2000).
[CrossRef]

D.-F. Brosseau, F. Lacroix, M. H. Ayliffe, E. Bernier, B. Robertson, F. A. P. Tooley, D. V. Plant, A. G. Kirk, “Design, implementation, and characterization of a kinematically aligned, cascaded spot array generator for a modulator-based free-space optical interconnect,” Appl. Opt. 39, 733–745 (2000).
[CrossRef]

H. Thienpont, C. Debaes, V. Baukens, H. Ottevaere, P. Vynck, P. Tuteleers, G. Verschaffelt, B. Volckaerts, A. Hermanne, M. Hanney, “Plastic microoptical interconnection modules for parallel free-space inter- and intra-MCM data communication,” Proc. IEEE 88, 769–779 (2000).
[CrossRef]

D. M. Chiarulli, S. P. Levitan, P. Derr, R. Hofmann, B. Greiner, M. Robinson, “Demonstration of a multichannel optical interconnection by use of imaging fiber bundles butt coupled to optoelectronic circuits,” Appl. Opt. 39, 698–703 (2000).
[CrossRef]

1999 (2)

D. T. Neilson, E. Schenfeld, “Free-space optical relay for the interconnection of multimode fibers,” Appl. Opt. 38, 2297–2300 (1999).
[CrossRef]

C.-H. Chen, B. Hoanca, C. B. Kuznia, A. A. Sawchuk, J.-M. Wu, “TRANslucent smart pixel array (TRANSPAR) chips for high throughput networks and SIMD signal processing,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 5, 316–329 (1999).
[CrossRef]

1998 (3)

1997 (3)

B. Robertson, Y. Liu, G. C. Boisset, M. R. Taghizadeh, D. V. Plant, “In situ interferometric alignment systems for the assembly of microchannel relay systems,” Appl. Opt. 35, 9253–9260 (1997).
[CrossRef]

D. T. Neilson, “Optimization and tolerance analysis of QCSE modulators and detectors,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 33, 1094–1103 (1997).
[CrossRef]

A. V. Krishnamoorthy, D. A. B. Miller, “Firehose architectures for free-space optically interconnected VLSI circuits,” J. Parallel and Distributed Computing 41, 109–114 (1997).
[CrossRef]

1996 (5)

1994 (2)

J. M. Sasian, R. A. Novotny, M. G. Beckman, S. L. Walker, M. J. Wojcik, S. J. Hinterlong, “Fabrication of fiber bundle arrays for free-space photonic switching systems,” Opt. Eng. 33, 2979–2985 (1994).
[CrossRef]

H. S. Hinton, T. J. Cloonan, F. B. McCormick, A. L. Lentine, F. A. P. Tooley, “Free-space digital optical systems,” Proc. IEEE 82, 1632–1648 (1994).
[CrossRef]

1993 (1)

D. A. B. Miller, “Novel analog self-electro-optic-effect devices,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 29, 678–698 (1993).
[CrossRef]

1992 (1)

F. B. McCormick, F. A. P. Tooley, T. J. Cloonan, J. M. Sasian, H. S. Hinton, “Optical interconnects using microlens arrays,” Opt. Quantum Electron. 34, 6471–6480 (1992).

1991 (1)

A. W. Lohmann, “Image formation of dilute arrays for optical information processing,” Opt. Commun. 86, 365–370 (1991).
[CrossRef]

1989 (1)

Abdelrahman, T.

R. Grindley, T. Abdelrahman, S. Brown, S. Caranci, D. DeVries, B. Gamsa, A. Grbic, M. Gusat, R. Ho, O. Krieger, G. Lemieux, K. Loveless, N. Manjikian, P. McHardy, S. Srbljic, M. Stumm, Z. Vranesic, Z. Zilic, “The NUMAchine multiprocessor,” in Proceedings of the International Conference on Parallel Processing (IEEE Computer Society), 487–496 (2000).

Ahadian, J. F.

Ahearn, J. D.

Ahearn, J. S.

M. B. Venditti, E. Laprise, J. Faucher, P.-O. Laprise, J. S. Ahearn, D. V. Plant, “Design and verification of an OE-VLSI chip with 1080 VCSELs and PDs heterogeneously integrated with CMOS,” Proc. IEEE/LEOS 2001 Annual Meeting, PD-1.4. (2001).

Alleyne, C.

C. Alleyne, A. G. Kirk, “Transmission uniformity of diffractive parallel optical interconnect relays: A numerical analysis based on rigorous coupled wave theory,” Proc. 15th IEEE LEOS Annual Meeting, Vol 2, 901–902 (2002).

Ayliffe, M. H.

Bacon, D. D.

A. L. Lentine, K. W. Goossen, J. A. Walker, L. M. F. Chirovsky, L. A. D’Asaro, S. P. Hui, B. J. Tseng, R. E. Leibenguth, J. E. Cunningham, W. Y. Jan, J.-M. Kuo, D. W. Dahringer, D. P. Kossives, D. D. Bacon, G. Livescu, R. L. Morrison, R. A. Novotny, D. B. Buchholz, “High-speed optoelectronic VLSI switching chip with 4000 optical I/O based on flip-chip bonding of MQW modulators and detectors to silicon CMOS,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 2, 77–84 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Barrett, C. P.

Bartelt, H.

D. Fey, W. Erhard, M. Gruber, J. Jahns, H. Bartelt, G. Grimm, L. Hoppe, S. Sinzinger, “Optical interconnects for neural and reconfigurable VLSI architectures,” Proc. IEEE 88, 838–848 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Baukens, V.

H. Thienpont, C. Debaes, V. Baukens, H. Ottevaere, P. Vynck, P. Tuteleers, G. Verschaffelt, B. Volckaerts, A. Hermanne, M. Hanney, “Plastic microoptical interconnection modules for parallel free-space inter- and intra-MCM data communication,” Proc. IEEE 88, 769–779 (2000).
[CrossRef]

C. Debaes, M. Vervacke, H. Onevaere, W. Meeus, P. Tuteleers, M. Brunfaut, V. Baukens, J. Van Campenhout, H. Thienpont, “Demonstration of manufacturable free-space modules for multichannel intra-chip optical interconnects,” Proc. 15th IEEE LEOS Annual Meeting, Vol 1, 63–64 (2002).

Beckman, M. G.

J. M. Sasian, R. A. Novotny, M. G. Beckman, S. L. Walker, M. J. Wojcik, S. J. Hinterlong, “Fabrication of fiber bundle arrays for free-space photonic switching systems,” Opt. Eng. 33, 2979–2985 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Berger, C.

C. Berger, J. Ekman, X. Wang, P. Marchand, H. Spaanenburg, F. Kiamilev, S. Esener, “Parallel distributed free-space optoelectronic computer engine using flat ‘plug-on-top’ optics package,” Optics in Computing 2000, R. A. Lessard, T. V. Galstian, eds., Proc. SPIE4089, 1037–1045 (2000).

Bernier, E.

Bihari, B.

R. T. Chen, L. Lin, C. Choi, Y. J. Liu, B. Bihari, L. Wu, S. Tang, R. Wickman, B. Picor, M. K. Hibb-Brenner, J. Bristow, Y. S. Liu, “Fully embedded board-level guided-wave optoelectronic interconnects,” Proc. IEEE 88, 780–793 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Boisset, G. C.

Y. S. Liu, G. C. Boisset, M. H. Ayliffe, R. Iyer, D. V. Plant, “Design, implementation and characterisation of a four stage hybrid optical system for a free-space optical backplane demonstrator,” Appl. Opt. 37, 2895–2914 (1998).
[CrossRef]

B. Robertson, Y. Liu, G. C. Boisset, M. R. Taghizadeh, D. V. Plant, “In situ interferometric alignment systems for the assembly of microchannel relay systems,” Appl. Opt. 35, 9253–9260 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Bristow, J.

R. T. Chen, L. Lin, C. Choi, Y. J. Liu, B. Bihari, L. Wu, S. Tang, R. Wickman, B. Picor, M. K. Hibb-Brenner, J. Bristow, Y. S. Liu, “Fully embedded board-level guided-wave optoelectronic interconnects,” Proc. IEEE 88, 780–793 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Brosseau, D.-F.

Brown, S.

R. Grindley, T. Abdelrahman, S. Brown, S. Caranci, D. DeVries, B. Gamsa, A. Grbic, M. Gusat, R. Ho, O. Krieger, G. Lemieux, K. Loveless, N. Manjikian, P. McHardy, S. Srbljic, M. Stumm, Z. Vranesic, Z. Zilic, “The NUMAchine multiprocessor,” in Proceedings of the International Conference on Parallel Processing (IEEE Computer Society), 487–496 (2000).

Brunfaut, M.

C. Debaes, M. Vervacke, H. Onevaere, W. Meeus, P. Tuteleers, M. Brunfaut, V. Baukens, J. Van Campenhout, H. Thienpont, “Demonstration of manufacturable free-space modules for multichannel intra-chip optical interconnects,” Proc. 15th IEEE LEOS Annual Meeting, Vol 1, 63–64 (2002).

Buchholz, D. B.

A. L. Lentine, K. W. Goossen, J. A. Walker, L. M. F. Chirovsky, L. A. D’Asaro, S. P. Hui, B. J. Tseng, R. E. Leibenguth, J. E. Cunningham, W. Y. Jan, J.-M. Kuo, D. W. Dahringer, D. P. Kossives, D. D. Bacon, G. Livescu, R. L. Morrison, R. A. Novotny, D. B. Buchholz, “High-speed optoelectronic VLSI switching chip with 4000 optical I/O based on flip-chip bonding of MQW modulators and detectors to silicon CMOS,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 2, 77–84 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Caranci, S.

R. Grindley, T. Abdelrahman, S. Brown, S. Caranci, D. DeVries, B. Gamsa, A. Grbic, M. Gusat, R. Ho, O. Krieger, G. Lemieux, K. Loveless, N. Manjikian, P. McHardy, S. Srbljic, M. Stumm, Z. Vranesic, Z. Zilic, “The NUMAchine multiprocessor,” in Proceedings of the International Conference on Parallel Processing (IEEE Computer Society), 487–496 (2000).

Chandramani, P.

M. W. Haney, M. P. Christianson, F. Milojkovic, G. J. Fokken, M. Vickberg, B. K. Gilbert, J. Rieve, J. Erkman, P. Chandramani, F. Kiamilev, “Description and evaluation of the fast-net smart pixel-based optical interconnection prototype,” Proc. IEEE 88, 819–828 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Chateauneuf, M.

M. H. Ayliffe, M. Chateauneuf, D. R. Rolston, A. G. Kirk, D. V. Plant, “Design and testing of a kinematic package supporting a 32 × 32 array of GaAs modulators flip-chip bonded to a CMOS chip,” IEEE J. Lightwave Technol. 19, 1543–1599 (2001).
[CrossRef]

D. V. Plant, M. B. Venditti, E. Laprise, J. Faucher, K. Razavi, M. Chateauneuf, A. G. Kirk, J. D. Ahearn, “A 256 Channel Bi-Directional Optical Interconnect Using VCSELs and Photodiodes on CMOS,” J. Lightwave Technol. 19, 1093–1103 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Châteauneuf, M.

M. Châteauneuf, A. G. Kirk, D. V. Plant, T. Yamamoto, J. D. Ahearn, W. Luo, “512-channel vertical-cavity surface-emitting laser based free-space optical link,” Appl. Opt. 41, 5552–5561 (2002).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

F. Thomas-Dupuis, M. Châteauneuf, A. G. Kirk, “Assembly and characterization of a folded spot array generator for a modulator-based free-space optical interconnect,” Proc. Intl. Topical Meeting on Optics in Computing, Vol. 1, Taipei, Taiwan, 328–330 (2002).

Chen, C.-H.

C.-H. Chen, B. Hoanca, C. B. Kuznia, A. A. Sawchuk, J.-M. Wu, “TRANslucent smart pixel array (TRANSPAR) chips for high throughput networks and SIMD signal processing,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 5, 316–329 (1999).
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M. W. Haney, M. P. Christianson, F. Milojkovic, G. J. Fokken, M. Vickberg, B. K. Gilbert, J. Rieve, J. Erkman, P. Chandramani, F. Kiamilev, “Description and evaluation of the fast-net smart pixel-based optical interconnection prototype,” Proc. IEEE 88, 819–828 (2000).
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H. S. Hinton, T. J. Cloonan, F. B. McCormick, A. L. Lentine, F. A. P. Tooley, “Free-space digital optical systems,” Proc. IEEE 82, 1632–1648 (1994).
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A. L. Lentine, K. W. Goossen, J. A. Walker, L. M. F. Chirovsky, L. A. D’Asaro, S. P. Hui, B. J. Tseng, R. E. Leibenguth, J. E. Cunningham, W. Y. Jan, J.-M. Kuo, D. W. Dahringer, D. P. Kossives, D. D. Bacon, G. Livescu, R. L. Morrison, R. A. Novotny, D. B. Buchholz, “High-speed optoelectronic VLSI switching chip with 4000 optical I/O based on flip-chip bonding of MQW modulators and detectors to silicon CMOS,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 2, 77–84 (1996).
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A. L. Lentine, K. W. Goossen, J. A. Walker, L. M. F. Chirovsky, L. A. D’Asaro, S. P. Hui, B. J. Tseng, R. E. Leibenguth, J. E. Cunningham, W. Y. Jan, J.-M. Kuo, D. W. Dahringer, D. P. Kossives, D. D. Bacon, G. Livescu, R. L. Morrison, R. A. Novotny, D. B. Buchholz, “High-speed optoelectronic VLSI switching chip with 4000 optical I/O based on flip-chip bonding of MQW modulators and detectors to silicon CMOS,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 2, 77–84 (1996).
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A. L. Lentine, K. W. Goossen, J. A. Walker, L. M. F. Chirovsky, L. A. D’Asaro, S. P. Hui, B. J. Tseng, R. E. Leibenguth, J. E. Cunningham, W. Y. Jan, J.-M. Kuo, D. W. Dahringer, D. P. Kossives, D. D. Bacon, G. Livescu, R. L. Morrison, R. A. Novotny, D. B. Buchholz, “High-speed optoelectronic VLSI switching chip with 4000 optical I/O based on flip-chip bonding of MQW modulators and detectors to silicon CMOS,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 2, 77–84 (1996).
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H. Thienpont, C. Debaes, V. Baukens, H. Ottevaere, P. Vynck, P. Tuteleers, G. Verschaffelt, B. Volckaerts, A. Hermanne, M. Hanney, “Plastic microoptical interconnection modules for parallel free-space inter- and intra-MCM data communication,” Proc. IEEE 88, 769–779 (2000).
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Desmulliez, M.

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R. Grindley, T. Abdelrahman, S. Brown, S. Caranci, D. DeVries, B. Gamsa, A. Grbic, M. Gusat, R. Ho, O. Krieger, G. Lemieux, K. Loveless, N. Manjikian, P. McHardy, S. Srbljic, M. Stumm, Z. Vranesic, Z. Zilic, “The NUMAchine multiprocessor,” in Proceedings of the International Conference on Parallel Processing (IEEE Computer Society), 487–496 (2000).

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J. A. B. Dines, D. T. Nelson, J. F. Snowdon, B. S. Wherrett, “A comparison of massively parallel interconnect topologies employing optical highways,” in Optics in Computing, Vol. 8, 1997OSA Technical Digest (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1997), pp. 186–188.

Ekman, J.

C. Berger, J. Ekman, X. Wang, P. Marchand, H. Spaanenburg, F. Kiamilev, S. Esener, “Parallel distributed free-space optoelectronic computer engine using flat ‘plug-on-top’ optics package,” Optics in Computing 2000, R. A. Lessard, T. V. Galstian, eds., Proc. SPIE4089, 1037–1045 (2000).

Erhard, W.

D. Fey, W. Erhard, M. Gruber, J. Jahns, H. Bartelt, G. Grimm, L. Hoppe, S. Sinzinger, “Optical interconnects for neural and reconfigurable VLSI architectures,” Proc. IEEE 88, 838–848 (2000).
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Erkman, J.

M. W. Haney, M. P. Christianson, F. Milojkovic, G. J. Fokken, M. Vickberg, B. K. Gilbert, J. Rieve, J. Erkman, P. Chandramani, F. Kiamilev, “Description and evaluation of the fast-net smart pixel-based optical interconnection prototype,” Proc. IEEE 88, 819–828 (2000).
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Esener, S.

C. Berger, J. Ekman, X. Wang, P. Marchand, H. Spaanenburg, F. Kiamilev, S. Esener, “Parallel distributed free-space optoelectronic computer engine using flat ‘plug-on-top’ optics package,” Optics in Computing 2000, R. A. Lessard, T. V. Galstian, eds., Proc. SPIE4089, 1037–1045 (2000).

Esener, S. C.

Faucher, J.

D. V. Plant, M. B. Venditti, E. Laprise, J. Faucher, K. Razavi, M. Chateauneuf, A. G. Kirk, J. D. Ahearn, “A 256 Channel Bi-Directional Optical Interconnect Using VCSELs and Photodiodes on CMOS,” J. Lightwave Technol. 19, 1093–1103 (2001).
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M. B. Venditti, E. Laprise, J. Faucher, P.-O. Laprise, J. S. Ahearn, D. V. Plant, “Design and verification of an OE-VLSI chip with 1080 VCSELs and PDs heterogeneously integrated with CMOS,” Proc. IEEE/LEOS 2001 Annual Meeting, PD-1.4. (2001).

J. Faucher, M. B. Venditti, E. Laprise, D. V. Plant, “Application of parallel forward error correction in two-dimensional optical data links,” IEEE J. Lightwave Technol. (to be published) (2003).

Feldman, M. R.

Fey, D.

D. Fey, W. Erhard, M. Gruber, J. Jahns, H. Bartelt, G. Grimm, L. Hoppe, S. Sinzinger, “Optical interconnects for neural and reconfigurable VLSI architectures,” Proc. IEEE 88, 838–848 (2000).
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Fokken, G. J.

M. W. Haney, M. P. Christianson, F. Milojkovic, G. J. Fokken, M. Vickberg, B. K. Gilbert, J. Rieve, J. Erkman, P. Chandramani, F. Kiamilev, “Description and evaluation of the fast-net smart pixel-based optical interconnection prototype,” Proc. IEEE 88, 819–828 (2000).
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Fonstad, C. G.

Gamsa, B.

R. Grindley, T. Abdelrahman, S. Brown, S. Caranci, D. DeVries, B. Gamsa, A. Grbic, M. Gusat, R. Ho, O. Krieger, G. Lemieux, K. Loveless, N. Manjikian, P. McHardy, S. Srbljic, M. Stumm, Z. Vranesic, Z. Zilic, “The NUMAchine multiprocessor,” in Proceedings of the International Conference on Parallel Processing (IEEE Computer Society), 487–496 (2000).

Georgakilas, A.

Gilbert, B. K.

M. W. Haney, M. P. Christianson, F. Milojkovic, G. J. Fokken, M. Vickberg, B. K. Gilbert, J. Rieve, J. Erkman, P. Chandramani, F. Kiamilev, “Description and evaluation of the fast-net smart pixel-based optical interconnection prototype,” Proc. IEEE 88, 819–828 (2000).
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Goodman, J.

Goossen, K. W.

A. L. Lentine, K. W. Goossen, J. A. Walker, L. M. F. Chirovsky, L. A. D’Asaro, S. P. Hui, B. J. Tseng, R. E. Leibenguth, J. E. Cunningham, W. Y. Jan, J.-M. Kuo, D. W. Dahringer, D. P. Kossives, D. D. Bacon, G. Livescu, R. L. Morrison, R. A. Novotny, D. B. Buchholz, “High-speed optoelectronic VLSI switching chip with 4000 optical I/O based on flip-chip bonding of MQW modulators and detectors to silicon CMOS,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 2, 77–84 (1996).
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Grbic, A.

R. Grindley, T. Abdelrahman, S. Brown, S. Caranci, D. DeVries, B. Gamsa, A. Grbic, M. Gusat, R. Ho, O. Krieger, G. Lemieux, K. Loveless, N. Manjikian, P. McHardy, S. Srbljic, M. Stumm, Z. Vranesic, Z. Zilic, “The NUMAchine multiprocessor,” in Proceedings of the International Conference on Parallel Processing (IEEE Computer Society), 487–496 (2000).

Greiner, B.

Grimm, G.

D. Fey, W. Erhard, M. Gruber, J. Jahns, H. Bartelt, G. Grimm, L. Hoppe, S. Sinzinger, “Optical interconnects for neural and reconfigurable VLSI architectures,” Proc. IEEE 88, 838–848 (2000).
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Gruber, M.

D. Fey, W. Erhard, M. Gruber, J. Jahns, H. Bartelt, G. Grimm, L. Hoppe, S. Sinzinger, “Optical interconnects for neural and reconfigurable VLSI architectures,” Proc. IEEE 88, 838–848 (2000).
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Gusat, M.

R. Grindley, T. Abdelrahman, S. Brown, S. Caranci, D. DeVries, B. Gamsa, A. Grbic, M. Gusat, R. Ho, O. Krieger, G. Lemieux, K. Loveless, N. Manjikian, P. McHardy, S. Srbljic, M. Stumm, Z. Vranesic, Z. Zilic, “The NUMAchine multiprocessor,” in Proceedings of the International Conference on Parallel Processing (IEEE Computer Society), 487–496 (2000).

Halkias, G.

Haney, M. W.

M. W. Haney, M. P. Christianson, F. Milojkovic, G. J. Fokken, M. Vickberg, B. K. Gilbert, J. Rieve, J. Erkman, P. Chandramani, F. Kiamilev, “Description and evaluation of the fast-net smart pixel-based optical interconnection prototype,” Proc. IEEE 88, 819–828 (2000).
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H. Thienpont, C. Debaes, V. Baukens, H. Ottevaere, P. Vynck, P. Tuteleers, G. Verschaffelt, B. Volckaerts, A. Hermanne, M. Hanney, “Plastic microoptical interconnection modules for parallel free-space inter- and intra-MCM data communication,” Proc. IEEE 88, 769–779 (2000).
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Haralabidis, N.

Hermanne, A.

H. Thienpont, C. Debaes, V. Baukens, H. Ottevaere, P. Vynck, P. Tuteleers, G. Verschaffelt, B. Volckaerts, A. Hermanne, M. Hanney, “Plastic microoptical interconnection modules for parallel free-space inter- and intra-MCM data communication,” Proc. IEEE 88, 769–779 (2000).
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Hibb-Brenner, M. K.

R. T. Chen, L. Lin, C. Choi, Y. J. Liu, B. Bihari, L. Wu, S. Tang, R. Wickman, B. Picor, M. K. Hibb-Brenner, J. Bristow, Y. S. Liu, “Fully embedded board-level guided-wave optoelectronic interconnects,” Proc. IEEE 88, 780–793 (2000).
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J. M. Sasian, R. A. Novotny, M. G. Beckman, S. L. Walker, M. J. Wojcik, S. J. Hinterlong, “Fabrication of fiber bundle arrays for free-space photonic switching systems,” Opt. Eng. 33, 2979–2985 (1994).
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Hinton, H. S.

D. R. Rolston, B. Robertson, H. S. Hinton, D. V. Plant, “Analysis of a microchannel interconnect based on the clustering of smart-pixel-device windows,” Appl. Opt. 35, 1220–1233 (1996).
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T. H. Szymanski, H. S. Hinton, “Reconfigurable intelligent optical backplane for parallel computing and communications,” Appl. Opt. 35, 1253–1268 (1996).
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H. S. Hinton, T. J. Cloonan, F. B. McCormick, A. L. Lentine, F. A. P. Tooley, “Free-space digital optical systems,” Proc. IEEE 82, 1632–1648 (1994).
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F. B. McCormick, F. A. P. Tooley, T. J. Cloonan, J. M. Sasian, H. S. Hinton, “Optical interconnects using microlens arrays,” Opt. Quantum Electron. 34, 6471–6480 (1992).

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Hlayhel, W.

Ho, R.

R. Grindley, T. Abdelrahman, S. Brown, S. Caranci, D. DeVries, B. Gamsa, A. Grbic, M. Gusat, R. Ho, O. Krieger, G. Lemieux, K. Loveless, N. Manjikian, P. McHardy, S. Srbljic, M. Stumm, Z. Vranesic, Z. Zilic, “The NUMAchine multiprocessor,” in Proceedings of the International Conference on Parallel Processing (IEEE Computer Society), 487–496 (2000).

Hoanca, B.

C.-H. Chen, B. Hoanca, C. B. Kuznia, A. A. Sawchuk, J.-M. Wu, “TRANslucent smart pixel array (TRANSPAR) chips for high throughput networks and SIMD signal processing,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 5, 316–329 (1999).
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Hofmann, R.

Hoppe, L.

D. Fey, W. Erhard, M. Gruber, J. Jahns, H. Bartelt, G. Grimm, L. Hoppe, S. Sinzinger, “Optical interconnects for neural and reconfigurable VLSI architectures,” Proc. IEEE 88, 838–848 (2000).
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Hui, S. P.

A. L. Lentine, K. W. Goossen, J. A. Walker, L. M. F. Chirovsky, L. A. D’Asaro, S. P. Hui, B. J. Tseng, R. E. Leibenguth, J. E. Cunningham, W. Y. Jan, J.-M. Kuo, D. W. Dahringer, D. P. Kossives, D. D. Bacon, G. Livescu, R. L. Morrison, R. A. Novotny, D. B. Buchholz, “High-speed optoelectronic VLSI switching chip with 4000 optical I/O based on flip-chip bonding of MQW modulators and detectors to silicon CMOS,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 2, 77–84 (1996).
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Iyer, R.

Jahns, J.

D. Fey, W. Erhard, M. Gruber, J. Jahns, H. Bartelt, G. Grimm, L. Hoppe, S. Sinzinger, “Optical interconnects for neural and reconfigurable VLSI architectures,” Proc. IEEE 88, 838–848 (2000).
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Jan, W. Y.

A. L. Lentine, K. W. Goossen, J. A. Walker, L. M. F. Chirovsky, L. A. D’Asaro, S. P. Hui, B. J. Tseng, R. E. Leibenguth, J. E. Cunningham, W. Y. Jan, J.-M. Kuo, D. W. Dahringer, D. P. Kossives, D. D. Bacon, G. Livescu, R. L. Morrison, R. A. Novotny, D. B. Buchholz, “High-speed optoelectronic VLSI switching chip with 4000 optical I/O based on flip-chip bonding of MQW modulators and detectors to silicon CMOS,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 2, 77–84 (1996).
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Jesshope, C.

Kasahara, K.

Kawai, S.

Kiamilev, F.

M. W. Haney, M. P. Christianson, F. Milojkovic, G. J. Fokken, M. Vickberg, B. K. Gilbert, J. Rieve, J. Erkman, P. Chandramani, F. Kiamilev, “Description and evaluation of the fast-net smart pixel-based optical interconnection prototype,” Proc. IEEE 88, 819–828 (2000).
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C. Berger, J. Ekman, X. Wang, P. Marchand, H. Spaanenburg, F. Kiamilev, S. Esener, “Parallel distributed free-space optoelectronic computer engine using flat ‘plug-on-top’ optics package,” Optics in Computing 2000, R. A. Lessard, T. V. Galstian, eds., Proc. SPIE4089, 1037–1045 (2000).

Kirk, A. G.

F. Lacroix, E. Bernier, M. H. Ayliffe, F. A. P. Tooley, D. V. Plant, A. G. Kirk, “Implementation of a compact, four-stage, scalable optical interconnect for photonic backplane applications,” Appl. Opt. 41, 1541–1555 (2002).
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M. Châteauneuf, A. G. Kirk, D. V. Plant, T. Yamamoto, J. D. Ahearn, W. Luo, “512-channel vertical-cavity surface-emitting laser based free-space optical link,” Appl. Opt. 41, 5552–5561 (2002).
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M. H. Ayliffe, M. Chateauneuf, D. R. Rolston, A. G. Kirk, D. V. Plant, “Design and testing of a kinematic package supporting a 32 × 32 array of GaAs modulators flip-chip bonded to a CMOS chip,” IEEE J. Lightwave Technol. 19, 1543–1599 (2001).
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D. V. Plant, M. B. Venditti, E. Laprise, J. Faucher, K. Razavi, M. Chateauneuf, A. G. Kirk, J. D. Ahearn, “A 256 Channel Bi-Directional Optical Interconnect Using VCSELs and Photodiodes on CMOS,” J. Lightwave Technol. 19, 1093–1103 (2001).
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T. Maj, A. G. Kirk, D. V. Plant, J. F. Ahadian, C. G. Fonstad, K. L. Lear, K. Tatah, M. S. Robinson, J. A. Trezza, “Interconnection of a two-dimensional array of vertical-cavity surface-emitting lasers to a receiver array by means of a fiber image guide,” Appl. Opt. 39, 683–689 (2000).
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D.-F. Brosseau, F. Lacroix, M. H. Ayliffe, E. Bernier, B. Robertson, F. A. P. Tooley, D. V. Plant, A. G. Kirk, “Design, implementation, and characterization of a kinematically aligned, cascaded spot array generator for a modulator-based free-space optical interconnect,” Appl. Opt. 39, 733–745 (2000).
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F. Thomas-Dupuis, M. Châteauneuf, A. G. Kirk, “Assembly and characterization of a folded spot array generator for a modulator-based free-space optical interconnect,” Proc. Intl. Topical Meeting on Optics in Computing, Vol. 1, Taipei, Taiwan, 328–330 (2002).

C. Alleyne, A. G. Kirk, “Transmission uniformity of diffractive parallel optical interconnect relays: A numerical analysis based on rigorous coupled wave theory,” Proc. 15th IEEE LEOS Annual Meeting, Vol 2, 901–902 (2002).

A. G. Kirk, F. Lacroix, F. Mathieu, F. Tooley, “Demonstration of a free-space optical broadcast network,” in Optics in Computing, Vol. 8, 1997OSA Technical Digest (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1997), pp. 165–167.

Kosaka, H.

Kossives, D. P.

A. L. Lentine, K. W. Goossen, J. A. Walker, L. M. F. Chirovsky, L. A. D’Asaro, S. P. Hui, B. J. Tseng, R. E. Leibenguth, J. E. Cunningham, W. Y. Jan, J.-M. Kuo, D. W. Dahringer, D. P. Kossives, D. D. Bacon, G. Livescu, R. L. Morrison, R. A. Novotny, D. B. Buchholz, “High-speed optoelectronic VLSI switching chip with 4000 optical I/O based on flip-chip bonding of MQW modulators and detectors to silicon CMOS,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 2, 77–84 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Krieger, O.

R. Grindley, T. Abdelrahman, S. Brown, S. Caranci, D. DeVries, B. Gamsa, A. Grbic, M. Gusat, R. Ho, O. Krieger, G. Lemieux, K. Loveless, N. Manjikian, P. McHardy, S. Srbljic, M. Stumm, Z. Vranesic, Z. Zilic, “The NUMAchine multiprocessor,” in Proceedings of the International Conference on Parallel Processing (IEEE Computer Society), 487–496 (2000).

Krishnamoorthy, A. V.

A. V. Krishnamoorthy, D. A. B. Miller, “Firehose architectures for free-space optically interconnected VLSI circuits,” J. Parallel and Distributed Computing 41, 109–114 (1997).
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Kuo, J.-M.

A. L. Lentine, K. W. Goossen, J. A. Walker, L. M. F. Chirovsky, L. A. D’Asaro, S. P. Hui, B. J. Tseng, R. E. Leibenguth, J. E. Cunningham, W. Y. Jan, J.-M. Kuo, D. W. Dahringer, D. P. Kossives, D. D. Bacon, G. Livescu, R. L. Morrison, R. A. Novotny, D. B. Buchholz, “High-speed optoelectronic VLSI switching chip with 4000 optical I/O based on flip-chip bonding of MQW modulators and detectors to silicon CMOS,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 2, 77–84 (1996).
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Kuznia, C. B.

C.-H. Chen, B. Hoanca, C. B. Kuznia, A. A. Sawchuk, J.-M. Wu, “TRANslucent smart pixel array (TRANSPAR) chips for high throughput networks and SIMD signal processing,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 5, 316–329 (1999).
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Kyriakis-Bitzaros, E. D.

Lacroix, F.

Lacroix, F. K.

F. K. Lacroix, “Design, analysis and implementation of free-space optical interconnects,” Ph.D. dissertation (McGill University, Montreal, Canada, 2001).

Lagadas, M.

Laprise, E.

D. V. Plant, M. B. Venditti, E. Laprise, J. Faucher, K. Razavi, M. Chateauneuf, A. G. Kirk, J. D. Ahearn, “A 256 Channel Bi-Directional Optical Interconnect Using VCSELs and Photodiodes on CMOS,” J. Lightwave Technol. 19, 1093–1103 (2001).
[CrossRef]

M. B. Venditti, E. Laprise, J. Faucher, P.-O. Laprise, J. S. Ahearn, D. V. Plant, “Design and verification of an OE-VLSI chip with 1080 VCSELs and PDs heterogeneously integrated with CMOS,” Proc. IEEE/LEOS 2001 Annual Meeting, PD-1.4. (2001).

J. Faucher, M. B. Venditti, E. Laprise, D. V. Plant, “Application of parallel forward error correction in two-dimensional optical data links,” IEEE J. Lightwave Technol. (to be published) (2003).

Laprise, P.-O.

M. B. Venditti, E. Laprise, J. Faucher, P.-O. Laprise, J. S. Ahearn, D. V. Plant, “Design and verification of an OE-VLSI chip with 1080 VCSELs and PDs heterogeneously integrated with CMOS,” Proc. IEEE/LEOS 2001 Annual Meeting, PD-1.4. (2001).

Lear, K. L.

Lee, S. H.

Leibenguth, R. E.

A. L. Lentine, K. W. Goossen, J. A. Walker, L. M. F. Chirovsky, L. A. D’Asaro, S. P. Hui, B. J. Tseng, R. E. Leibenguth, J. E. Cunningham, W. Y. Jan, J.-M. Kuo, D. W. Dahringer, D. P. Kossives, D. D. Bacon, G. Livescu, R. L. Morrison, R. A. Novotny, D. B. Buchholz, “High-speed optoelectronic VLSI switching chip with 4000 optical I/O based on flip-chip bonding of MQW modulators and detectors to silicon CMOS,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 2, 77–84 (1996).
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Liu, Y.

B. Robertson, Y. Liu, G. C. Boisset, M. R. Taghizadeh, D. V. Plant, “In situ interferometric alignment systems for the assembly of microchannel relay systems,” Appl. Opt. 35, 9253–9260 (1997).
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R. T. Chen, L. Lin, C. Choi, Y. J. Liu, B. Bihari, L. Wu, S. Tang, R. Wickman, B. Picor, M. K. Hibb-Brenner, J. Bristow, Y. S. Liu, “Fully embedded board-level guided-wave optoelectronic interconnects,” Proc. IEEE 88, 780–793 (2000).
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Liu, Y. S.

R. T. Chen, L. Lin, C. Choi, Y. J. Liu, B. Bihari, L. Wu, S. Tang, R. Wickman, B. Picor, M. K. Hibb-Brenner, J. Bristow, Y. S. Liu, “Fully embedded board-level guided-wave optoelectronic interconnects,” Proc. IEEE 88, 780–793 (2000).
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Y. S. Liu, G. C. Boisset, M. H. Ayliffe, R. Iyer, D. V. Plant, “Design, implementation and characterisation of a four stage hybrid optical system for a free-space optical backplane demonstrator,” Appl. Opt. 37, 2895–2914 (1998).
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R. Grindley, T. Abdelrahman, S. Brown, S. Caranci, D. DeVries, B. Gamsa, A. Grbic, M. Gusat, R. Ho, O. Krieger, G. Lemieux, K. Loveless, N. Manjikian, P. McHardy, S. Srbljic, M. Stumm, Z. Vranesic, Z. Zilic, “The NUMAchine multiprocessor,” in Proceedings of the International Conference on Parallel Processing (IEEE Computer Society), 487–496 (2000).

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Maj, T.

Manjikian, N.

R. Grindley, T. Abdelrahman, S. Brown, S. Caranci, D. DeVries, B. Gamsa, A. Grbic, M. Gusat, R. Ho, O. Krieger, G. Lemieux, K. Loveless, N. Manjikian, P. McHardy, S. Srbljic, M. Stumm, Z. Vranesic, Z. Zilic, “The NUMAchine multiprocessor,” in Proceedings of the International Conference on Parallel Processing (IEEE Computer Society), 487–496 (2000).

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McCormick, F. B.

H. S. Hinton, T. J. Cloonan, F. B. McCormick, A. L. Lentine, F. A. P. Tooley, “Free-space digital optical systems,” Proc. IEEE 82, 1632–1648 (1994).
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F. B. McCormick, F. A. P. Tooley, T. J. Cloonan, J. M. Sasian, H. S. Hinton, “Optical interconnects using microlens arrays,” Opt. Quantum Electron. 34, 6471–6480 (1992).

McHardy, P.

R. Grindley, T. Abdelrahman, S. Brown, S. Caranci, D. DeVries, B. Gamsa, A. Grbic, M. Gusat, R. Ho, O. Krieger, G. Lemieux, K. Loveless, N. Manjikian, P. McHardy, S. Srbljic, M. Stumm, Z. Vranesic, Z. Zilic, “The NUMAchine multiprocessor,” in Proceedings of the International Conference on Parallel Processing (IEEE Computer Society), 487–496 (2000).

Meeus, W.

C. Debaes, M. Vervacke, H. Onevaere, W. Meeus, P. Tuteleers, M. Brunfaut, V. Baukens, J. Van Campenhout, H. Thienpont, “Demonstration of manufacturable free-space modules for multichannel intra-chip optical interconnects,” Proc. 15th IEEE LEOS Annual Meeting, Vol 1, 63–64 (2002).

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M. W. Haney, M. P. Christianson, F. Milojkovic, G. J. Fokken, M. Vickberg, B. K. Gilbert, J. Rieve, J. Erkman, P. Chandramani, F. Kiamilev, “Description and evaluation of the fast-net smart pixel-based optical interconnection prototype,” Proc. IEEE 88, 819–828 (2000).
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Morrison, R. L.

A. L. Lentine, K. W. Goossen, J. A. Walker, L. M. F. Chirovsky, L. A. D’Asaro, S. P. Hui, B. J. Tseng, R. E. Leibenguth, J. E. Cunningham, W. Y. Jan, J.-M. Kuo, D. W. Dahringer, D. P. Kossives, D. D. Bacon, G. Livescu, R. L. Morrison, R. A. Novotny, D. B. Buchholz, “High-speed optoelectronic VLSI switching chip with 4000 optical I/O based on flip-chip bonding of MQW modulators and detectors to silicon CMOS,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 2, 77–84 (1996).
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Nelson, D. T.

J. A. B. Dines, D. T. Nelson, J. F. Snowdon, B. S. Wherrett, “A comparison of massively parallel interconnect topologies employing optical highways,” in Optics in Computing, Vol. 8, 1997OSA Technical Digest (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1997), pp. 186–188.

Novotny, R. A.

A. L. Lentine, K. W. Goossen, J. A. Walker, L. M. F. Chirovsky, L. A. D’Asaro, S. P. Hui, B. J. Tseng, R. E. Leibenguth, J. E. Cunningham, W. Y. Jan, J.-M. Kuo, D. W. Dahringer, D. P. Kossives, D. D. Bacon, G. Livescu, R. L. Morrison, R. A. Novotny, D. B. Buchholz, “High-speed optoelectronic VLSI switching chip with 4000 optical I/O based on flip-chip bonding of MQW modulators and detectors to silicon CMOS,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 2, 77–84 (1996).
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J. M. Sasian, R. A. Novotny, M. G. Beckman, S. L. Walker, M. J. Wojcik, S. J. Hinterlong, “Fabrication of fiber bundle arrays for free-space photonic switching systems,” Opt. Eng. 33, 2979–2985 (1994).
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C. Debaes, M. Vervacke, H. Onevaere, W. Meeus, P. Tuteleers, M. Brunfaut, V. Baukens, J. Van Campenhout, H. Thienpont, “Demonstration of manufacturable free-space modules for multichannel intra-chip optical interconnects,” Proc. 15th IEEE LEOS Annual Meeting, Vol 1, 63–64 (2002).

Ottevaere, H.

H. Thienpont, C. Debaes, V. Baukens, H. Ottevaere, P. Vynck, P. Tuteleers, G. Verschaffelt, B. Volckaerts, A. Hermanne, M. Hanney, “Plastic microoptical interconnection modules for parallel free-space inter- and intra-MCM data communication,” Proc. IEEE 88, 769–779 (2000).
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Picor, B.

R. T. Chen, L. Lin, C. Choi, Y. J. Liu, B. Bihari, L. Wu, S. Tang, R. Wickman, B. Picor, M. K. Hibb-Brenner, J. Bristow, Y. S. Liu, “Fully embedded board-level guided-wave optoelectronic interconnects,” Proc. IEEE 88, 780–793 (2000).
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F. Lacroix, E. Bernier, M. H. Ayliffe, F. A. P. Tooley, D. V. Plant, A. G. Kirk, “Implementation of a compact, four-stage, scalable optical interconnect for photonic backplane applications,” Appl. Opt. 41, 1541–1555 (2002).
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M. Châteauneuf, A. G. Kirk, D. V. Plant, T. Yamamoto, J. D. Ahearn, W. Luo, “512-channel vertical-cavity surface-emitting laser based free-space optical link,” Appl. Opt. 41, 5552–5561 (2002).
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M. H. Ayliffe, M. Chateauneuf, D. R. Rolston, A. G. Kirk, D. V. Plant, “Design and testing of a kinematic package supporting a 32 × 32 array of GaAs modulators flip-chip bonded to a CMOS chip,” IEEE J. Lightwave Technol. 19, 1543–1599 (2001).
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D. V. Plant, M. B. Venditti, E. Laprise, J. Faucher, K. Razavi, M. Chateauneuf, A. G. Kirk, J. D. Ahearn, “A 256 Channel Bi-Directional Optical Interconnect Using VCSELs and Photodiodes on CMOS,” J. Lightwave Technol. 19, 1093–1103 (2001).
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T. Maj, A. G. Kirk, D. V. Plant, J. F. Ahadian, C. G. Fonstad, K. L. Lear, K. Tatah, M. S. Robinson, J. A. Trezza, “Interconnection of a two-dimensional array of vertical-cavity surface-emitting lasers to a receiver array by means of a fiber image guide,” Appl. Opt. 39, 683–689 (2000).
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D.-F. Brosseau, F. Lacroix, M. H. Ayliffe, E. Bernier, B. Robertson, F. A. P. Tooley, D. V. Plant, A. G. Kirk, “Design, implementation, and characterization of a kinematically aligned, cascaded spot array generator for a modulator-based free-space optical interconnect,” Appl. Opt. 39, 733–745 (2000).
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Y. S. Liu, G. C. Boisset, M. H. Ayliffe, R. Iyer, D. V. Plant, “Design, implementation and characterisation of a four stage hybrid optical system for a free-space optical backplane demonstrator,” Appl. Opt. 37, 2895–2914 (1998).
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B. Robertson, Y. Liu, G. C. Boisset, M. R. Taghizadeh, D. V. Plant, “In situ interferometric alignment systems for the assembly of microchannel relay systems,” Appl. Opt. 35, 9253–9260 (1997).
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M. B. Venditti, E. Laprise, J. Faucher, P.-O. Laprise, J. S. Ahearn, D. V. Plant, “Design and verification of an OE-VLSI chip with 1080 VCSELs and PDs heterogeneously integrated with CMOS,” Proc. IEEE/LEOS 2001 Annual Meeting, PD-1.4. (2001).

J. Faucher, M. B. Venditti, E. Laprise, D. V. Plant, “Application of parallel forward error correction in two-dimensional optical data links,” IEEE J. Lightwave Technol. (to be published) (2003).

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Rieve, J.

M. W. Haney, M. P. Christianson, F. Milojkovic, G. J. Fokken, M. Vickberg, B. K. Gilbert, J. Rieve, J. Erkman, P. Chandramani, F. Kiamilev, “Description and evaluation of the fast-net smart pixel-based optical interconnection prototype,” Proc. IEEE 88, 819–828 (2000).
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Robinson, M.

Robinson, M. S.

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Rolston, D. R.

M. H. Ayliffe, M. Chateauneuf, D. R. Rolston, A. G. Kirk, D. V. Plant, “Design and testing of a kinematic package supporting a 32 × 32 array of GaAs modulators flip-chip bonded to a CMOS chip,” IEEE J. Lightwave Technol. 19, 1543–1599 (2001).
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D. R. Rolston, B. Robertson, H. S. Hinton, D. V. Plant, “Analysis of a microchannel interconnect based on the clustering of smart-pixel-device windows,” Appl. Opt. 35, 1220–1233 (1996).
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Sasian, J. M.

J. M. Sasian, R. A. Novotny, M. G. Beckman, S. L. Walker, M. J. Wojcik, S. J. Hinterlong, “Fabrication of fiber bundle arrays for free-space photonic switching systems,” Opt. Eng. 33, 2979–2985 (1994).
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F. B. McCormick, F. A. P. Tooley, T. J. Cloonan, J. M. Sasian, H. S. Hinton, “Optical interconnects using microlens arrays,” Opt. Quantum Electron. 34, 6471–6480 (1992).

Sawchuk, A. A.

C.-H. Chen, B. Hoanca, C. B. Kuznia, A. A. Sawchuk, J.-M. Wu, “TRANslucent smart pixel array (TRANSPAR) chips for high throughput networks and SIMD signal processing,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 5, 316–329 (1999).
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Sinzinger, S.

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Snowdon, J. F.

J. A. B. Dines, D. T. Nelson, J. F. Snowdon, B. S. Wherrett, “A comparison of massively parallel interconnect topologies employing optical highways,” in Optics in Computing, Vol. 8, 1997OSA Technical Digest (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1997), pp. 186–188.

Spaanenburg, H.

C. Berger, J. Ekman, X. Wang, P. Marchand, H. Spaanenburg, F. Kiamilev, S. Esener, “Parallel distributed free-space optoelectronic computer engine using flat ‘plug-on-top’ optics package,” Optics in Computing 2000, R. A. Lessard, T. V. Galstian, eds., Proc. SPIE4089, 1037–1045 (2000).

Srbljic, S.

R. Grindley, T. Abdelrahman, S. Brown, S. Caranci, D. DeVries, B. Gamsa, A. Grbic, M. Gusat, R. Ho, O. Krieger, G. Lemieux, K. Loveless, N. Manjikian, P. McHardy, S. Srbljic, M. Stumm, Z. Vranesic, Z. Zilic, “The NUMAchine multiprocessor,” in Proceedings of the International Conference on Parallel Processing (IEEE Computer Society), 487–496 (2000).

Stumm, M.

R. Grindley, T. Abdelrahman, S. Brown, S. Caranci, D. DeVries, B. Gamsa, A. Grbic, M. Gusat, R. Ho, O. Krieger, G. Lemieux, K. Loveless, N. Manjikian, P. McHardy, S. Srbljic, M. Stumm, Z. Vranesic, Z. Zilic, “The NUMAchine multiprocessor,” in Proceedings of the International Conference on Parallel Processing (IEEE Computer Society), 487–496 (2000).

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T. H. Szymanski, H. S. Hinton, “Optoelectronic smart pixel array for a reconfigurable intelligent optical interconnect,” U.S. Patent6,016,211 (18January2000).

Taghizadeh, M. R.

B. Robertson, Y. Liu, G. C. Boisset, M. R. Taghizadeh, D. V. Plant, “In situ interferometric alignment systems for the assembly of microchannel relay systems,” Appl. Opt. 35, 9253–9260 (1997).
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Tang, S.

R. T. Chen, L. Lin, C. Choi, Y. J. Liu, B. Bihari, L. Wu, S. Tang, R. Wickman, B. Picor, M. K. Hibb-Brenner, J. Bristow, Y. S. Liu, “Fully embedded board-level guided-wave optoelectronic interconnects,” Proc. IEEE 88, 780–793 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Tatah, K.

Thienpont, H.

J. H. Collet, D. Litaize, J. Van Campenhout, C. Jesshope, M. Desmulliez, H. Thienpont, J. Goodman, A. Louri, “Architectural approach of the role of optics in monoprocessor and multiprocessor machines,” Appl. Opt. 39, 671–682 (2000).
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H. Thienpont, C. Debaes, V. Baukens, H. Ottevaere, P. Vynck, P. Tuteleers, G. Verschaffelt, B. Volckaerts, A. Hermanne, M. Hanney, “Plastic microoptical interconnection modules for parallel free-space inter- and intra-MCM data communication,” Proc. IEEE 88, 769–779 (2000).
[CrossRef]

C. Debaes, M. Vervacke, H. Onevaere, W. Meeus, P. Tuteleers, M. Brunfaut, V. Baukens, J. Van Campenhout, H. Thienpont, “Demonstration of manufacturable free-space modules for multichannel intra-chip optical interconnects,” Proc. 15th IEEE LEOS Annual Meeting, Vol 1, 63–64 (2002).

Thomas-Dupuis, F.

F. Thomas-Dupuis, M. Châteauneuf, A. G. Kirk, “Assembly and characterization of a folded spot array generator for a modulator-based free-space optical interconnect,” Proc. Intl. Topical Meeting on Optics in Computing, Vol. 1, Taipei, Taiwan, 328–330 (2002).

Tooley, F.

A. G. Kirk, F. Lacroix, F. Mathieu, F. Tooley, “Demonstration of a free-space optical broadcast network,” in Optics in Computing, Vol. 8, 1997OSA Technical Digest (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1997), pp. 165–167.

Tooley, F. A. P.

Trezza, J. A.

Tseng, B. J.

A. L. Lentine, K. W. Goossen, J. A. Walker, L. M. F. Chirovsky, L. A. D’Asaro, S. P. Hui, B. J. Tseng, R. E. Leibenguth, J. E. Cunningham, W. Y. Jan, J.-M. Kuo, D. W. Dahringer, D. P. Kossives, D. D. Bacon, G. Livescu, R. L. Morrison, R. A. Novotny, D. B. Buchholz, “High-speed optoelectronic VLSI switching chip with 4000 optical I/O based on flip-chip bonding of MQW modulators and detectors to silicon CMOS,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 2, 77–84 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Tuteleers, P.

H. Thienpont, C. Debaes, V. Baukens, H. Ottevaere, P. Vynck, P. Tuteleers, G. Verschaffelt, B. Volckaerts, A. Hermanne, M. Hanney, “Plastic microoptical interconnection modules for parallel free-space inter- and intra-MCM data communication,” Proc. IEEE 88, 769–779 (2000).
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C. Debaes, M. Vervacke, H. Onevaere, W. Meeus, P. Tuteleers, M. Brunfaut, V. Baukens, J. Van Campenhout, H. Thienpont, “Demonstration of manufacturable free-space modules for multichannel intra-chip optical interconnects,” Proc. 15th IEEE LEOS Annual Meeting, Vol 1, 63–64 (2002).

Tyan, V.

T. H. Szymanski, V. Tyan, “Error and flow control for a terabit free-space optical backplane,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron.838–846 (1999).

Van Campenhout, J.

J. H. Collet, D. Litaize, J. Van Campenhout, C. Jesshope, M. Desmulliez, H. Thienpont, J. Goodman, A. Louri, “Architectural approach of the role of optics in monoprocessor and multiprocessor machines,” Appl. Opt. 39, 671–682 (2000).
[CrossRef]

C. Debaes, M. Vervacke, H. Onevaere, W. Meeus, P. Tuteleers, M. Brunfaut, V. Baukens, J. Van Campenhout, H. Thienpont, “Demonstration of manufacturable free-space modules for multichannel intra-chip optical interconnects,” Proc. 15th IEEE LEOS Annual Meeting, Vol 1, 63–64 (2002).

Venditti, M. B.

D. V. Plant, M. B. Venditti, E. Laprise, J. Faucher, K. Razavi, M. Chateauneuf, A. G. Kirk, J. D. Ahearn, “A 256 Channel Bi-Directional Optical Interconnect Using VCSELs and Photodiodes on CMOS,” J. Lightwave Technol. 19, 1093–1103 (2001).
[CrossRef]

M. B. Venditti, E. Laprise, J. Faucher, P.-O. Laprise, J. S. Ahearn, D. V. Plant, “Design and verification of an OE-VLSI chip with 1080 VCSELs and PDs heterogeneously integrated with CMOS,” Proc. IEEE/LEOS 2001 Annual Meeting, PD-1.4. (2001).

J. Faucher, M. B. Venditti, E. Laprise, D. V. Plant, “Application of parallel forward error correction in two-dimensional optical data links,” IEEE J. Lightwave Technol. (to be published) (2003).

Verschaffelt, G.

H. Thienpont, C. Debaes, V. Baukens, H. Ottevaere, P. Vynck, P. Tuteleers, G. Verschaffelt, B. Volckaerts, A. Hermanne, M. Hanney, “Plastic microoptical interconnection modules for parallel free-space inter- and intra-MCM data communication,” Proc. IEEE 88, 769–779 (2000).
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Vervacke, M.

C. Debaes, M. Vervacke, H. Onevaere, W. Meeus, P. Tuteleers, M. Brunfaut, V. Baukens, J. Van Campenhout, H. Thienpont, “Demonstration of manufacturable free-space modules for multichannel intra-chip optical interconnects,” Proc. 15th IEEE LEOS Annual Meeting, Vol 1, 63–64 (2002).

Vickberg, M.

M. W. Haney, M. P. Christianson, F. Milojkovic, G. J. Fokken, M. Vickberg, B. K. Gilbert, J. Rieve, J. Erkman, P. Chandramani, F. Kiamilev, “Description and evaluation of the fast-net smart pixel-based optical interconnection prototype,” Proc. IEEE 88, 819–828 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Volckaerts, B.

H. Thienpont, C. Debaes, V. Baukens, H. Ottevaere, P. Vynck, P. Tuteleers, G. Verschaffelt, B. Volckaerts, A. Hermanne, M. Hanney, “Plastic microoptical interconnection modules for parallel free-space inter- and intra-MCM data communication,” Proc. IEEE 88, 769–779 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Vranesic, Z.

R. Grindley, T. Abdelrahman, S. Brown, S. Caranci, D. DeVries, B. Gamsa, A. Grbic, M. Gusat, R. Ho, O. Krieger, G. Lemieux, K. Loveless, N. Manjikian, P. McHardy, S. Srbljic, M. Stumm, Z. Vranesic, Z. Zilic, “The NUMAchine multiprocessor,” in Proceedings of the International Conference on Parallel Processing (IEEE Computer Society), 487–496 (2000).

Vynck, P.

H. Thienpont, C. Debaes, V. Baukens, H. Ottevaere, P. Vynck, P. Tuteleers, G. Verschaffelt, B. Volckaerts, A. Hermanne, M. Hanney, “Plastic microoptical interconnection modules for parallel free-space inter- and intra-MCM data communication,” Proc. IEEE 88, 769–779 (2000).
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Walker, J. A.

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Wang, T.

Wang, X.

C. Berger, J. Ekman, X. Wang, P. Marchand, H. Spaanenburg, F. Kiamilev, S. Esener, “Parallel distributed free-space optoelectronic computer engine using flat ‘plug-on-top’ optics package,” Optics in Computing 2000, R. A. Lessard, T. V. Galstian, eds., Proc. SPIE4089, 1037–1045 (2000).

Wherrett, B. S.

J. A. B. Dines, D. T. Nelson, J. F. Snowdon, B. S. Wherrett, “A comparison of massively parallel interconnect topologies employing optical highways,” in Optics in Computing, Vol. 8, 1997OSA Technical Digest (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1997), pp. 186–188.

Wickman, R.

R. T. Chen, L. Lin, C. Choi, Y. J. Liu, B. Bihari, L. Wu, S. Tang, R. Wickman, B. Picor, M. K. Hibb-Brenner, J. Bristow, Y. S. Liu, “Fully embedded board-level guided-wave optoelectronic interconnects,” Proc. IEEE 88, 780–793 (2000).
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J. M. Sasian, R. A. Novotny, M. G. Beckman, S. L. Walker, M. J. Wojcik, S. J. Hinterlong, “Fabrication of fiber bundle arrays for free-space photonic switching systems,” Opt. Eng. 33, 2979–2985 (1994).
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Wu, J.-M.

C.-H. Chen, B. Hoanca, C. B. Kuznia, A. A. Sawchuk, J.-M. Wu, “TRANslucent smart pixel array (TRANSPAR) chips for high throughput networks and SIMD signal processing,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 5, 316–329 (1999).
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Wu, L.

R. T. Chen, L. Lin, C. Choi, Y. J. Liu, B. Bihari, L. Wu, S. Tang, R. Wickman, B. Picor, M. K. Hibb-Brenner, J. Bristow, Y. S. Liu, “Fully embedded board-level guided-wave optoelectronic interconnects,” Proc. IEEE 88, 780–793 (2000).
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Yamamoto, T.

Zilic, Z.

R. Grindley, T. Abdelrahman, S. Brown, S. Caranci, D. DeVries, B. Gamsa, A. Grbic, M. Gusat, R. Ho, O. Krieger, G. Lemieux, K. Loveless, N. Manjikian, P. McHardy, S. Srbljic, M. Stumm, Z. Vranesic, Z. Zilic, “The NUMAchine multiprocessor,” in Proceedings of the International Conference on Parallel Processing (IEEE Computer Society), 487–496 (2000).

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B. Robertson, “Design of an optical interconnect for photonic backplane applications,” Appl. Opt. 37, 2974–2984 (1998).
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D. R. Rolston, B. Robertson, H. S. Hinton, D. V. Plant, “Analysis of a microchannel interconnect based on the clustering of smart-pixel-device windows,” Appl. Opt. 35, 1220–1233 (1996).
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D. T. Neilson, C. P. Barrett, “Performance trade-offs for conventional lenses in free-space digital optics,” Appl. Opt. 35, 1240–1248 (1996).
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T. H. Szymanski, H. S. Hinton, “Reconfigurable intelligent optical backplane for parallel computing and communications,” Appl. Opt. 35, 1253–1268 (1996).
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T. Maj, A. G. Kirk, D. V. Plant, J. F. Ahadian, C. G. Fonstad, K. L. Lear, K. Tatah, M. S. Robinson, J. A. Trezza, “Interconnection of a two-dimensional array of vertical-cavity surface-emitting lasers to a receiver array by means of a fiber image guide,” Appl. Opt. 39, 683–689 (2000).
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D.-F. Brosseau, F. Lacroix, M. H. Ayliffe, E. Bernier, B. Robertson, F. A. P. Tooley, D. V. Plant, A. G. Kirk, “Design, implementation, and characterization of a kinematically aligned, cascaded spot array generator for a modulator-based free-space optical interconnect,” Appl. Opt. 39, 733–745 (2000).
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J. H. Collet, W. Hlayhel, D. Litaize, “Parallel optical interconnects may reduce the communication bottleneck in symmetric multiprocessor computers,” Appl. Opt. 40, 3371–3378 (2001).
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T. H. Szymanski, “Bandwidth optimization of optical datalinks using error control codes,” Appl. Opt.1761–1775 (2000).
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F. Lacroix, E. Bernier, M. H. Ayliffe, F. A. P. Tooley, D. V. Plant, A. G. Kirk, “Implementation of a compact, four-stage, scalable optical interconnect for photonic backplane applications,” Appl. Opt. 41, 1541–1555 (2002).
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J. H. Collet, D. Litaize, J. Van Campenhout, C. Jesshope, M. Desmulliez, H. Thienpont, J. Goodman, A. Louri, “Architectural approach of the role of optics in monoprocessor and multiprocessor machines,” Appl. Opt. 39, 671–682 (2000).
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M. Châteauneuf, A. G. Kirk, D. V. Plant, T. Yamamoto, J. D. Ahearn, W. Luo, “512-channel vertical-cavity surface-emitting laser based free-space optical link,” Appl. Opt. 41, 5552–5561 (2002).
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M. H. Ayliffe, M. Chateauneuf, D. R. Rolston, A. G. Kirk, D. V. Plant, “Design and testing of a kinematic package supporting a 32 × 32 array of GaAs modulators flip-chip bonded to a CMOS chip,” IEEE J. Lightwave Technol. 19, 1543–1599 (2001).
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A. L. Lentine, K. W. Goossen, J. A. Walker, L. M. F. Chirovsky, L. A. D’Asaro, S. P. Hui, B. J. Tseng, R. E. Leibenguth, J. E. Cunningham, W. Y. Jan, J.-M. Kuo, D. W. Dahringer, D. P. Kossives, D. D. Bacon, G. Livescu, R. L. Morrison, R. A. Novotny, D. B. Buchholz, “High-speed optoelectronic VLSI switching chip with 4000 optical I/O based on flip-chip bonding of MQW modulators and detectors to silicon CMOS,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 2, 77–84 (1996).
[CrossRef]

C.-H. Chen, B. Hoanca, C. B. Kuznia, A. A. Sawchuk, J.-M. Wu, “TRANslucent smart pixel array (TRANSPAR) chips for high throughput networks and SIMD signal processing,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 5, 316–329 (1999).
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J. M. Sasian, R. A. Novotny, M. G. Beckman, S. L. Walker, M. J. Wojcik, S. J. Hinterlong, “Fabrication of fiber bundle arrays for free-space photonic switching systems,” Opt. Eng. 33, 2979–2985 (1994).
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J. Faucher, M. B. Venditti, E. Laprise, D. V. Plant, “Application of parallel forward error correction in two-dimensional optical data links,” IEEE J. Lightwave Technol. (to be published) (2003).

R. Grindley, T. Abdelrahman, S. Brown, S. Caranci, D. DeVries, B. Gamsa, A. Grbic, M. Gusat, R. Ho, O. Krieger, G. Lemieux, K. Loveless, N. Manjikian, P. McHardy, S. Srbljic, M. Stumm, Z. Vranesic, Z. Zilic, “The NUMAchine multiprocessor,” in Proceedings of the International Conference on Parallel Processing (IEEE Computer Society), 487–496 (2000).

M. B. Venditti, E. Laprise, J. Faucher, P.-O. Laprise, J. S. Ahearn, D. V. Plant, “Design and verification of an OE-VLSI chip with 1080 VCSELs and PDs heterogeneously integrated with CMOS,” Proc. IEEE/LEOS 2001 Annual Meeting, PD-1.4. (2001).

D. Rolston, “The design, layout and characterization of VLSI optoelectronic chips for free-space optical interconnects,” Ph.D. dissertation (McGill University, Montreal, Canada, 2000).

T. H. Szymanski, H. S. Hinton, “Optoelectronic smart pixel array for a reconfigurable intelligent optical interconnect,” U.S. Patent6,016,211 (18January2000).

C. Berger, J. Ekman, X. Wang, P. Marchand, H. Spaanenburg, F. Kiamilev, S. Esener, “Parallel distributed free-space optoelectronic computer engine using flat ‘plug-on-top’ optics package,” Optics in Computing 2000, R. A. Lessard, T. V. Galstian, eds., Proc. SPIE4089, 1037–1045 (2000).

M. H. Ayliffe, “Alignment and packaging techniques for two-dimensional free-space optical interconnects,” Ph.D. dissertation (McGill University, Montreal, Canada, 2001).

C. Alleyne, A. G. Kirk, “Transmission uniformity of diffractive parallel optical interconnect relays: A numerical analysis based on rigorous coupled wave theory,” Proc. 15th IEEE LEOS Annual Meeting, Vol 2, 901–902 (2002).

F. K. Lacroix, “Design, analysis and implementation of free-space optical interconnects,” Ph.D. dissertation (McGill University, Montreal, Canada, 2001).

C. Debaes, M. Vervacke, H. Onevaere, W. Meeus, P. Tuteleers, M. Brunfaut, V. Baukens, J. Van Campenhout, H. Thienpont, “Demonstration of manufacturable free-space modules for multichannel intra-chip optical interconnects,” Proc. 15th IEEE LEOS Annual Meeting, Vol 1, 63–64 (2002).

F. Thomas-Dupuis, M. Châteauneuf, A. G. Kirk, “Assembly and characterization of a folded spot array generator for a modulator-based free-space optical interconnect,” Proc. Intl. Topical Meeting on Optics in Computing, Vol. 1, Taipei, Taiwan, 328–330 (2002).

A. G. Kirk, F. Lacroix, F. Mathieu, F. Tooley, “Demonstration of a free-space optical broadcast network,” in Optics in Computing, Vol. 8, 1997OSA Technical Digest (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1997), pp. 165–167.

J. A. B. Dines, D. T. Nelson, J. F. Snowdon, B. S. Wherrett, “A comparison of massively parallel interconnect topologies employing optical highways,” in Optics in Computing, Vol. 8, 1997OSA Technical Digest (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1997), pp. 186–188.

T. H. Szymanski, V. Tyan, “Error and flow control for a terabit free-space optical backplane,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron.838–846 (1999).

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