Abstract

For development of the French Laser Integration Line and the Laser Megajoule, we describe the design and the control of a first 383 mm × 398 mm continuous phase-plate prototype. Extensively used in laser fusion facilities for beam smoothing, this optical component was manufactured by deep etching onto a fused-silica substrate, which led to a phase plate engraved directly onto fused silica, with which good optical performance could be achieved. We demonstrate good agreement between the desired simulated component and the manufactured component in terms of focal spot shape. This demonstration was performed by both interferometric and photometric measurements.

© 2003 Optical Society of America

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  1. M. L. André, “Status of the LMJ project,” in Solid State Lasers for Application to Inertial Confinement Fusion: Second Annual International Conference, M. L. André, ed., Proc. SPIE3047, 38–42 (1996).
    [CrossRef]
  2. W. H. Lowdermilk, “Status of the National Ignition Facility project,” in Solid State Lasers for Application to Inertial Confinement Fusion: Second Annual International Conference, M. L. André, ed., Proc. SPIE3047, 16–37 (1996).
    [CrossRef]
  3. Y. Kato, K. Mima, N. Miyanaga, S. Arinaga, Y. Kitagawa, M. Nakatsuka, C. Yamanaka, “Random phasing of high-power lasers for uniform target acceleration and plasma-instability suppression,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 53, 1057–1060 (1984).
    [CrossRef]
  4. R. H. Lehmberg, A. J. Schmitt, S. E. Bodner, “Theory of induced spatial incoherence,” J. Appl. Phys. 62, 2680–2701 (1987).
    [CrossRef]
  5. S. Skupsky, R. W. Short, T. Kessler, R. S. Craxton, S. Letzring, J. M. Soures, “Improved laser-beam uniformity using the angular dispersion of frequency-modulated light,” J. Appl. Phys. 66, 3456–3462 (1989).
    [CrossRef]
  6. A. Adolf, A. C. Boscheron, A. Dulac, E. Journot, “Final optics design for the megajoule laser,” in Third International Conference on Solid State Lasers for Application to Inertial Confinement Fusion, W. H. Lowdermilk, ed., Proc. SPIE3492, 44–50 (1999).
    [CrossRef]
  7. J. Flamand, G. de Villèle, Y. Josserand, F. Bonnemason, B. M. Touzet, J. Néauport, “Development of large aperture 1ω and 3ω gratings for the LIL laser,” in Large Lenses and Prisms, R. G. Bingham, D. D. Walker, eds., Proc. SPIE4411, 190–196 (2001).
    [CrossRef]
  8. J. Néauport, P. Bouchut, J. Flamand, G. de Villèle, Y. Josserand, F. Bonnemason, B. M. Touzet, P. Garrec, X. Ribeyre, G. Chabassier, “Large transmission 1ω and 3ω gratings for the LIL laser,” in Physics, Theory, and Applications of Periodic Structures in Optics, P. Lalanne, ed., Proc. SPIE4438, 41–50 (2001).
    [CrossRef]
  9. B. W. Woods, I. M. Thomas, M. A. Henesian, S. N. Dixit, H. T. Powell, “Large-aperture (80-cm diameter) phase plates for beam smoothing on Nova,” in Solid State Lasers II, G. Dube, ed., Proc. SPIE1410, 47–54 (1991).
    [CrossRef]
  10. S. N. Dixit, I. M. Thomas, B. W. Woods, A. J. Morgan, M. A. Henesian, P. J. Wegner, H. T. Powell, “Random phase plates for beam smoothing on the Nova laser,” Appl. Opt. 32, 2543–2554 (1993).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  11. I. Thomas, S. N. Dixit, M. C. Rushford, “Kinoform phase plates for focal plane irradiance profile control,” Opt. Lett. 19, 417–419 (1994).
  12. I. M. Thomas, S. N. Dixit, M. C. Rushford, “Preparation of random-phase plates for laser-beam smoothing,” in Laser-Induced Damage in Optical Materials: 1994, H. E. Bennett, A. H. Guenther, M. R. Kozlowski, B. E. Newnam, M. J. Soileau, eds., Proc. SPIE2428, 264–270 (1994).
  13. “Distributed phase plates for super-Gaussian focal-plane irradiance profiles,” LLE (Laboratory for Laser Energetics) Rev. 63, 126–129 (1995).
  14. R. W. Gerchberg, W. O. Saxton, “A practical algorithm for determination of phase from image and diffraction plane pictures,” Optik 35, 237–246 (1972).
  15. J. Tsujiuchi, M. Otsubo, K. Okada, “Measurement of large plane surfaces shapes by connecting small-aperture interferograms,” Opt. Eng. 33, 608–630 (1994).
    [CrossRef]
  16. M. Bray, “Stitching interferometer for large optics: recent developments of a system,” in Third International Conference on Solid State Lasers for Application to Inertial Confinement Fusion, W. H. Lowdermilk, ed., Proc. SPIE3492, 946–956 (1998).
    [CrossRef]
  17. M. Bray, “Stitching interferometry: how and why it works,” in Optical Fabrication and Testing, R. Geyl, J. Maxwell, eds., Proc. SPIE3739, 259–273 (1999).
    [CrossRef]
  18. M. Bray, A. Roussel, “Using first principles in the specifying of optics for large high-power lasers (I): application to the Megajoule laser (LMJ),” in Specification, Production, and Testing of Optical Components and Systems, A. E. Gee, J. Houee, eds., Proc. SPIE2775, 328–344 (1996).
    [CrossRef]
  19. M. Bray, “Stitching interferometry: side effects on PSD,” in Optical Manufacturing and Testing III, H. P. Stahl, ed., Proc. SPIE3782, 443–452 (1999).
    [CrossRef]
  20. J. A. Fleck, J. R. Morris, M. D. Feit, “Time-dependent propagation of high energy laser beams through the atmosphere,” Appl. Phys. 10, 129–160 (1976).
    [CrossRef]

1995 (1)

“Distributed phase plates for super-Gaussian focal-plane irradiance profiles,” LLE (Laboratory for Laser Energetics) Rev. 63, 126–129 (1995).

1994 (2)

J. Tsujiuchi, M. Otsubo, K. Okada, “Measurement of large plane surfaces shapes by connecting small-aperture interferograms,” Opt. Eng. 33, 608–630 (1994).
[CrossRef]

I. Thomas, S. N. Dixit, M. C. Rushford, “Kinoform phase plates for focal plane irradiance profile control,” Opt. Lett. 19, 417–419 (1994).

1993 (1)

1989 (1)

S. Skupsky, R. W. Short, T. Kessler, R. S. Craxton, S. Letzring, J. M. Soures, “Improved laser-beam uniformity using the angular dispersion of frequency-modulated light,” J. Appl. Phys. 66, 3456–3462 (1989).
[CrossRef]

1987 (1)

R. H. Lehmberg, A. J. Schmitt, S. E. Bodner, “Theory of induced spatial incoherence,” J. Appl. Phys. 62, 2680–2701 (1987).
[CrossRef]

1984 (1)

Y. Kato, K. Mima, N. Miyanaga, S. Arinaga, Y. Kitagawa, M. Nakatsuka, C. Yamanaka, “Random phasing of high-power lasers for uniform target acceleration and plasma-instability suppression,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 53, 1057–1060 (1984).
[CrossRef]

1976 (1)

J. A. Fleck, J. R. Morris, M. D. Feit, “Time-dependent propagation of high energy laser beams through the atmosphere,” Appl. Phys. 10, 129–160 (1976).
[CrossRef]

1972 (1)

R. W. Gerchberg, W. O. Saxton, “A practical algorithm for determination of phase from image and diffraction plane pictures,” Optik 35, 237–246 (1972).

Adolf, A.

A. Adolf, A. C. Boscheron, A. Dulac, E. Journot, “Final optics design for the megajoule laser,” in Third International Conference on Solid State Lasers for Application to Inertial Confinement Fusion, W. H. Lowdermilk, ed., Proc. SPIE3492, 44–50 (1999).
[CrossRef]

André, M. L.

M. L. André, “Status of the LMJ project,” in Solid State Lasers for Application to Inertial Confinement Fusion: Second Annual International Conference, M. L. André, ed., Proc. SPIE3047, 38–42 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Arinaga, S.

Y. Kato, K. Mima, N. Miyanaga, S. Arinaga, Y. Kitagawa, M. Nakatsuka, C. Yamanaka, “Random phasing of high-power lasers for uniform target acceleration and plasma-instability suppression,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 53, 1057–1060 (1984).
[CrossRef]

Bodner, S. E.

R. H. Lehmberg, A. J. Schmitt, S. E. Bodner, “Theory of induced spatial incoherence,” J. Appl. Phys. 62, 2680–2701 (1987).
[CrossRef]

Bonnemason, F.

J. Flamand, G. de Villèle, Y. Josserand, F. Bonnemason, B. M. Touzet, J. Néauport, “Development of large aperture 1ω and 3ω gratings for the LIL laser,” in Large Lenses and Prisms, R. G. Bingham, D. D. Walker, eds., Proc. SPIE4411, 190–196 (2001).
[CrossRef]

J. Néauport, P. Bouchut, J. Flamand, G. de Villèle, Y. Josserand, F. Bonnemason, B. M. Touzet, P. Garrec, X. Ribeyre, G. Chabassier, “Large transmission 1ω and 3ω gratings for the LIL laser,” in Physics, Theory, and Applications of Periodic Structures in Optics, P. Lalanne, ed., Proc. SPIE4438, 41–50 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Boscheron, A. C.

A. Adolf, A. C. Boscheron, A. Dulac, E. Journot, “Final optics design for the megajoule laser,” in Third International Conference on Solid State Lasers for Application to Inertial Confinement Fusion, W. H. Lowdermilk, ed., Proc. SPIE3492, 44–50 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Bouchut, P.

J. Néauport, P. Bouchut, J. Flamand, G. de Villèle, Y. Josserand, F. Bonnemason, B. M. Touzet, P. Garrec, X. Ribeyre, G. Chabassier, “Large transmission 1ω and 3ω gratings for the LIL laser,” in Physics, Theory, and Applications of Periodic Structures in Optics, P. Lalanne, ed., Proc. SPIE4438, 41–50 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Bray, M.

M. Bray, “Stitching interferometer for large optics: recent developments of a system,” in Third International Conference on Solid State Lasers for Application to Inertial Confinement Fusion, W. H. Lowdermilk, ed., Proc. SPIE3492, 946–956 (1998).
[CrossRef]

M. Bray, “Stitching interferometry: how and why it works,” in Optical Fabrication and Testing, R. Geyl, J. Maxwell, eds., Proc. SPIE3739, 259–273 (1999).
[CrossRef]

M. Bray, A. Roussel, “Using first principles in the specifying of optics for large high-power lasers (I): application to the Megajoule laser (LMJ),” in Specification, Production, and Testing of Optical Components and Systems, A. E. Gee, J. Houee, eds., Proc. SPIE2775, 328–344 (1996).
[CrossRef]

M. Bray, “Stitching interferometry: side effects on PSD,” in Optical Manufacturing and Testing III, H. P. Stahl, ed., Proc. SPIE3782, 443–452 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Chabassier, G.

J. Néauport, P. Bouchut, J. Flamand, G. de Villèle, Y. Josserand, F. Bonnemason, B. M. Touzet, P. Garrec, X. Ribeyre, G. Chabassier, “Large transmission 1ω and 3ω gratings for the LIL laser,” in Physics, Theory, and Applications of Periodic Structures in Optics, P. Lalanne, ed., Proc. SPIE4438, 41–50 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Craxton, R. S.

S. Skupsky, R. W. Short, T. Kessler, R. S. Craxton, S. Letzring, J. M. Soures, “Improved laser-beam uniformity using the angular dispersion of frequency-modulated light,” J. Appl. Phys. 66, 3456–3462 (1989).
[CrossRef]

de Villèle, G.

J. Néauport, P. Bouchut, J. Flamand, G. de Villèle, Y. Josserand, F. Bonnemason, B. M. Touzet, P. Garrec, X. Ribeyre, G. Chabassier, “Large transmission 1ω and 3ω gratings for the LIL laser,” in Physics, Theory, and Applications of Periodic Structures in Optics, P. Lalanne, ed., Proc. SPIE4438, 41–50 (2001).
[CrossRef]

J. Flamand, G. de Villèle, Y. Josserand, F. Bonnemason, B. M. Touzet, J. Néauport, “Development of large aperture 1ω and 3ω gratings for the LIL laser,” in Large Lenses and Prisms, R. G. Bingham, D. D. Walker, eds., Proc. SPIE4411, 190–196 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Dixit, S. N.

I. Thomas, S. N. Dixit, M. C. Rushford, “Kinoform phase plates for focal plane irradiance profile control,” Opt. Lett. 19, 417–419 (1994).

S. N. Dixit, I. M. Thomas, B. W. Woods, A. J. Morgan, M. A. Henesian, P. J. Wegner, H. T. Powell, “Random phase plates for beam smoothing on the Nova laser,” Appl. Opt. 32, 2543–2554 (1993).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

B. W. Woods, I. M. Thomas, M. A. Henesian, S. N. Dixit, H. T. Powell, “Large-aperture (80-cm diameter) phase plates for beam smoothing on Nova,” in Solid State Lasers II, G. Dube, ed., Proc. SPIE1410, 47–54 (1991).
[CrossRef]

I. M. Thomas, S. N. Dixit, M. C. Rushford, “Preparation of random-phase plates for laser-beam smoothing,” in Laser-Induced Damage in Optical Materials: 1994, H. E. Bennett, A. H. Guenther, M. R. Kozlowski, B. E. Newnam, M. J. Soileau, eds., Proc. SPIE2428, 264–270 (1994).

Dulac, A.

A. Adolf, A. C. Boscheron, A. Dulac, E. Journot, “Final optics design for the megajoule laser,” in Third International Conference on Solid State Lasers for Application to Inertial Confinement Fusion, W. H. Lowdermilk, ed., Proc. SPIE3492, 44–50 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Feit, M. D.

J. A. Fleck, J. R. Morris, M. D. Feit, “Time-dependent propagation of high energy laser beams through the atmosphere,” Appl. Phys. 10, 129–160 (1976).
[CrossRef]

Flamand, J.

J. Flamand, G. de Villèle, Y. Josserand, F. Bonnemason, B. M. Touzet, J. Néauport, “Development of large aperture 1ω and 3ω gratings for the LIL laser,” in Large Lenses and Prisms, R. G. Bingham, D. D. Walker, eds., Proc. SPIE4411, 190–196 (2001).
[CrossRef]

J. Néauport, P. Bouchut, J. Flamand, G. de Villèle, Y. Josserand, F. Bonnemason, B. M. Touzet, P. Garrec, X. Ribeyre, G. Chabassier, “Large transmission 1ω and 3ω gratings for the LIL laser,” in Physics, Theory, and Applications of Periodic Structures in Optics, P. Lalanne, ed., Proc. SPIE4438, 41–50 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Fleck, J. A.

J. A. Fleck, J. R. Morris, M. D. Feit, “Time-dependent propagation of high energy laser beams through the atmosphere,” Appl. Phys. 10, 129–160 (1976).
[CrossRef]

Garrec, P.

J. Néauport, P. Bouchut, J. Flamand, G. de Villèle, Y. Josserand, F. Bonnemason, B. M. Touzet, P. Garrec, X. Ribeyre, G. Chabassier, “Large transmission 1ω and 3ω gratings for the LIL laser,” in Physics, Theory, and Applications of Periodic Structures in Optics, P. Lalanne, ed., Proc. SPIE4438, 41–50 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Gerchberg, R. W.

R. W. Gerchberg, W. O. Saxton, “A practical algorithm for determination of phase from image and diffraction plane pictures,” Optik 35, 237–246 (1972).

Henesian, M. A.

S. N. Dixit, I. M. Thomas, B. W. Woods, A. J. Morgan, M. A. Henesian, P. J. Wegner, H. T. Powell, “Random phase plates for beam smoothing on the Nova laser,” Appl. Opt. 32, 2543–2554 (1993).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

B. W. Woods, I. M. Thomas, M. A. Henesian, S. N. Dixit, H. T. Powell, “Large-aperture (80-cm diameter) phase plates for beam smoothing on Nova,” in Solid State Lasers II, G. Dube, ed., Proc. SPIE1410, 47–54 (1991).
[CrossRef]

Josserand, Y.

J. Néauport, P. Bouchut, J. Flamand, G. de Villèle, Y. Josserand, F. Bonnemason, B. M. Touzet, P. Garrec, X. Ribeyre, G. Chabassier, “Large transmission 1ω and 3ω gratings for the LIL laser,” in Physics, Theory, and Applications of Periodic Structures in Optics, P. Lalanne, ed., Proc. SPIE4438, 41–50 (2001).
[CrossRef]

J. Flamand, G. de Villèle, Y. Josserand, F. Bonnemason, B. M. Touzet, J. Néauport, “Development of large aperture 1ω and 3ω gratings for the LIL laser,” in Large Lenses and Prisms, R. G. Bingham, D. D. Walker, eds., Proc. SPIE4411, 190–196 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Journot, E.

A. Adolf, A. C. Boscheron, A. Dulac, E. Journot, “Final optics design for the megajoule laser,” in Third International Conference on Solid State Lasers for Application to Inertial Confinement Fusion, W. H. Lowdermilk, ed., Proc. SPIE3492, 44–50 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Kato, Y.

Y. Kato, K. Mima, N. Miyanaga, S. Arinaga, Y. Kitagawa, M. Nakatsuka, C. Yamanaka, “Random phasing of high-power lasers for uniform target acceleration and plasma-instability suppression,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 53, 1057–1060 (1984).
[CrossRef]

Kessler, T.

S. Skupsky, R. W. Short, T. Kessler, R. S. Craxton, S. Letzring, J. M. Soures, “Improved laser-beam uniformity using the angular dispersion of frequency-modulated light,” J. Appl. Phys. 66, 3456–3462 (1989).
[CrossRef]

Kitagawa, Y.

Y. Kato, K. Mima, N. Miyanaga, S. Arinaga, Y. Kitagawa, M. Nakatsuka, C. Yamanaka, “Random phasing of high-power lasers for uniform target acceleration and plasma-instability suppression,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 53, 1057–1060 (1984).
[CrossRef]

Lehmberg, R. H.

R. H. Lehmberg, A. J. Schmitt, S. E. Bodner, “Theory of induced spatial incoherence,” J. Appl. Phys. 62, 2680–2701 (1987).
[CrossRef]

Letzring, S.

S. Skupsky, R. W. Short, T. Kessler, R. S. Craxton, S. Letzring, J. M. Soures, “Improved laser-beam uniformity using the angular dispersion of frequency-modulated light,” J. Appl. Phys. 66, 3456–3462 (1989).
[CrossRef]

Lowdermilk, W. H.

W. H. Lowdermilk, “Status of the National Ignition Facility project,” in Solid State Lasers for Application to Inertial Confinement Fusion: Second Annual International Conference, M. L. André, ed., Proc. SPIE3047, 16–37 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Mima, K.

Y. Kato, K. Mima, N. Miyanaga, S. Arinaga, Y. Kitagawa, M. Nakatsuka, C. Yamanaka, “Random phasing of high-power lasers for uniform target acceleration and plasma-instability suppression,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 53, 1057–1060 (1984).
[CrossRef]

Miyanaga, N.

Y. Kato, K. Mima, N. Miyanaga, S. Arinaga, Y. Kitagawa, M. Nakatsuka, C. Yamanaka, “Random phasing of high-power lasers for uniform target acceleration and plasma-instability suppression,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 53, 1057–1060 (1984).
[CrossRef]

Morgan, A. J.

Morris, J. R.

J. A. Fleck, J. R. Morris, M. D. Feit, “Time-dependent propagation of high energy laser beams through the atmosphere,” Appl. Phys. 10, 129–160 (1976).
[CrossRef]

Nakatsuka, M.

Y. Kato, K. Mima, N. Miyanaga, S. Arinaga, Y. Kitagawa, M. Nakatsuka, C. Yamanaka, “Random phasing of high-power lasers for uniform target acceleration and plasma-instability suppression,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 53, 1057–1060 (1984).
[CrossRef]

Néauport, J.

J. Flamand, G. de Villèle, Y. Josserand, F. Bonnemason, B. M. Touzet, J. Néauport, “Development of large aperture 1ω and 3ω gratings for the LIL laser,” in Large Lenses and Prisms, R. G. Bingham, D. D. Walker, eds., Proc. SPIE4411, 190–196 (2001).
[CrossRef]

J. Néauport, P. Bouchut, J. Flamand, G. de Villèle, Y. Josserand, F. Bonnemason, B. M. Touzet, P. Garrec, X. Ribeyre, G. Chabassier, “Large transmission 1ω and 3ω gratings for the LIL laser,” in Physics, Theory, and Applications of Periodic Structures in Optics, P. Lalanne, ed., Proc. SPIE4438, 41–50 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Okada, K.

J. Tsujiuchi, M. Otsubo, K. Okada, “Measurement of large plane surfaces shapes by connecting small-aperture interferograms,” Opt. Eng. 33, 608–630 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Otsubo, M.

J. Tsujiuchi, M. Otsubo, K. Okada, “Measurement of large plane surfaces shapes by connecting small-aperture interferograms,” Opt. Eng. 33, 608–630 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Powell, H. T.

S. N. Dixit, I. M. Thomas, B. W. Woods, A. J. Morgan, M. A. Henesian, P. J. Wegner, H. T. Powell, “Random phase plates for beam smoothing on the Nova laser,” Appl. Opt. 32, 2543–2554 (1993).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

B. W. Woods, I. M. Thomas, M. A. Henesian, S. N. Dixit, H. T. Powell, “Large-aperture (80-cm diameter) phase plates for beam smoothing on Nova,” in Solid State Lasers II, G. Dube, ed., Proc. SPIE1410, 47–54 (1991).
[CrossRef]

Ribeyre, X.

J. Néauport, P. Bouchut, J. Flamand, G. de Villèle, Y. Josserand, F. Bonnemason, B. M. Touzet, P. Garrec, X. Ribeyre, G. Chabassier, “Large transmission 1ω and 3ω gratings for the LIL laser,” in Physics, Theory, and Applications of Periodic Structures in Optics, P. Lalanne, ed., Proc. SPIE4438, 41–50 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Roussel, A.

M. Bray, A. Roussel, “Using first principles in the specifying of optics for large high-power lasers (I): application to the Megajoule laser (LMJ),” in Specification, Production, and Testing of Optical Components and Systems, A. E. Gee, J. Houee, eds., Proc. SPIE2775, 328–344 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Rushford, M. C.

I. Thomas, S. N. Dixit, M. C. Rushford, “Kinoform phase plates for focal plane irradiance profile control,” Opt. Lett. 19, 417–419 (1994).

I. M. Thomas, S. N. Dixit, M. C. Rushford, “Preparation of random-phase plates for laser-beam smoothing,” in Laser-Induced Damage in Optical Materials: 1994, H. E. Bennett, A. H. Guenther, M. R. Kozlowski, B. E. Newnam, M. J. Soileau, eds., Proc. SPIE2428, 264–270 (1994).

Saxton, W. O.

R. W. Gerchberg, W. O. Saxton, “A practical algorithm for determination of phase from image and diffraction plane pictures,” Optik 35, 237–246 (1972).

Schmitt, A. J.

R. H. Lehmberg, A. J. Schmitt, S. E. Bodner, “Theory of induced spatial incoherence,” J. Appl. Phys. 62, 2680–2701 (1987).
[CrossRef]

Short, R. W.

S. Skupsky, R. W. Short, T. Kessler, R. S. Craxton, S. Letzring, J. M. Soures, “Improved laser-beam uniformity using the angular dispersion of frequency-modulated light,” J. Appl. Phys. 66, 3456–3462 (1989).
[CrossRef]

Skupsky, S.

S. Skupsky, R. W. Short, T. Kessler, R. S. Craxton, S. Letzring, J. M. Soures, “Improved laser-beam uniformity using the angular dispersion of frequency-modulated light,” J. Appl. Phys. 66, 3456–3462 (1989).
[CrossRef]

Soures, J. M.

S. Skupsky, R. W. Short, T. Kessler, R. S. Craxton, S. Letzring, J. M. Soures, “Improved laser-beam uniformity using the angular dispersion of frequency-modulated light,” J. Appl. Phys. 66, 3456–3462 (1989).
[CrossRef]

Thomas, I.

Thomas, I. M.

S. N. Dixit, I. M. Thomas, B. W. Woods, A. J. Morgan, M. A. Henesian, P. J. Wegner, H. T. Powell, “Random phase plates for beam smoothing on the Nova laser,” Appl. Opt. 32, 2543–2554 (1993).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

B. W. Woods, I. M. Thomas, M. A. Henesian, S. N. Dixit, H. T. Powell, “Large-aperture (80-cm diameter) phase plates for beam smoothing on Nova,” in Solid State Lasers II, G. Dube, ed., Proc. SPIE1410, 47–54 (1991).
[CrossRef]

I. M. Thomas, S. N. Dixit, M. C. Rushford, “Preparation of random-phase plates for laser-beam smoothing,” in Laser-Induced Damage in Optical Materials: 1994, H. E. Bennett, A. H. Guenther, M. R. Kozlowski, B. E. Newnam, M. J. Soileau, eds., Proc. SPIE2428, 264–270 (1994).

Touzet, B. M.

J. Néauport, P. Bouchut, J. Flamand, G. de Villèle, Y. Josserand, F. Bonnemason, B. M. Touzet, P. Garrec, X. Ribeyre, G. Chabassier, “Large transmission 1ω and 3ω gratings for the LIL laser,” in Physics, Theory, and Applications of Periodic Structures in Optics, P. Lalanne, ed., Proc. SPIE4438, 41–50 (2001).
[CrossRef]

J. Flamand, G. de Villèle, Y. Josserand, F. Bonnemason, B. M. Touzet, J. Néauport, “Development of large aperture 1ω and 3ω gratings for the LIL laser,” in Large Lenses and Prisms, R. G. Bingham, D. D. Walker, eds., Proc. SPIE4411, 190–196 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Tsujiuchi, J.

J. Tsujiuchi, M. Otsubo, K. Okada, “Measurement of large plane surfaces shapes by connecting small-aperture interferograms,” Opt. Eng. 33, 608–630 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Wegner, P. J.

Woods, B. W.

S. N. Dixit, I. M. Thomas, B. W. Woods, A. J. Morgan, M. A. Henesian, P. J. Wegner, H. T. Powell, “Random phase plates for beam smoothing on the Nova laser,” Appl. Opt. 32, 2543–2554 (1993).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

B. W. Woods, I. M. Thomas, M. A. Henesian, S. N. Dixit, H. T. Powell, “Large-aperture (80-cm diameter) phase plates for beam smoothing on Nova,” in Solid State Lasers II, G. Dube, ed., Proc. SPIE1410, 47–54 (1991).
[CrossRef]

Yamanaka, C.

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Figures (8)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

First-come, first-serve frequency conversion and focusing system (FCFS) optical setup.

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

Schematic of the flow of the Gerchberg-Saxton iterative algorithm for the design of CPPs.

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

(a) Calculated phase profile in radians. (b) Associated focal spot.

Fig. 4
Fig. 4

Focal spot control setup.

Fig. 5
Fig. 5

(a) Image delivered by the 8-m focal-length focusing grating illuminated with a plane wave front at 351-nm wavelength. (b) Plot of the central portion of the image.

Fig. 6
Fig. 6

(a) Image delivered by the CPP positioned 1.25 from the focusing grating. (b) Plot of the central portion of the image (log scale).

Fig. 7
Fig. 7

Transmitted wave front of the 99-0148 prototype phase plate measured by use of stitching interferometry.

Fig. 8
Fig. 8

Illustration of stitching interferometry showing a five-aperture configuration.

Tables (2)

Tables Icon

Table 1 Focal Spot Specifications

Tables Icon

Table 2 Focal Spot Analyses from Photometry and Interferometry with the 99-0148 Prototype

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