Abstract

The optical constants of a nematic liquid crystal, 4′-n-pentyl-4-cyanobiphenyl (5CB), in the frequency range 0.3–1.4 THz were determined by terahertz (THz) time-domain spectroscopy. The real parts of the extraordinary refractive index n e and the ordinary refractive index n o of 5CB varied from 1.74 to 2.04 and from 1.59 to 1.83, respectively. Liquid-crystal 5CB exhibits a relatively small absorption loss in this frequency range. The birefringence of 5CB was found to be as large as 0.21. The experimental results indicate that liquid-crystal 5CB is potentially useful for device applications in the THz frequency range.

© 2003 Optical Society of America

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