Abstract

We have demonstrated that a fiber-optic laser-induced breakdown spectroscopy (LIBS) probe is suitable for measuring the concentration of minor constituents of a molten Al alloy in a laboratory furnace. For the first time to our knowledge we are able to record the LIBS spectra in several spectral regions of seven different molten Al alloy samples by inserting the LIBS probe inside the molten alloys, allowing us to obtain a ratio calibration curve for minor constituents (Cr, Mg, Zn, Cu, Si, etc.), using Fe as a reference element. A ratio calibration curve for Fe with a major element (Al) can also be obtained with which the concentration of Fe in the alloy can be determined. The effects of the surrounding atmosphere on the LIBS spectra of the molten alloy were investigated. Effects of focal length of the lens on the LIBS signals were also studied. LIBS spectra of a solid Al alloy recorded with the same LIBS probe were compared with the LIBS spectra of the molten alloy. Our results suggest that the LIBS probe is useful for monitoring the elemental composition of an Al melt in an industrial furnace at different depths and different positions inside the melt.

© 2003 Optical Society of America

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References

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  1. F. Y. Yueh, J. P. Singh, H. Zhang, “Laser-induced breakdown spectroscopy elemental analysis,” in Encyclopedia of Analytical Chemistry, R. A. Meyers, ed. (Wiley, New York, 2000), pp. 2066–2087, and references therein.
  2. D. A. Rusak, B. C. Castle, B. W. Smith, J. D. Winefordner, “Fundamentals and applications of laser induced breakdown spectroscopy,” Crit. Rev. Anal. Chem. 27, 257–270 (1997).
    [CrossRef]
  3. D. A. Cremer, L. J. Radziemski, “Laser plasmas for chemical analysis in laser spectroscopy and its application,” L. J. Radziemski, R. W. Solarz, J. A. Paisner, eds. (Marcel Dekker, New York, 1987).
  4. D. E. Kim, K. J. Joo, H. K. Park, K. J. Oh, D. W. Kim, “Quantitative analysis of aluminum impurities in Zn alloy by laser-induced breakdown spectroscopy,” Appl. Spectrosc. 51, 22–29 (1997).
    [CrossRef]
  5. C. F. Su, S. Fang, J. P. Singh, F. Y. Yueh, J. T. Rigsby, D. L. Monts, R. L. Cook, “Glass composition measurement using laser-induced breakdown spectroscopy,” Glass Technol. 41, 16–21 (2000).
  6. J. M. Gomba, C. D. Angelo, D. Bertuccelli, G. Bertuccelli, “Spectroscopic characterization of laser-induced breakdown in aluminum-lithium alloy samples for quantitative determination of traces,” Spectrochim. Acta Part B 56, 695–705 (2001).
    [CrossRef]
  7. B. L. Drogoff, J. Margot, M. Chaker, M. Sabsabi, O. Barthelemy, T. W. Johnston, S. Laville, F. Vidal, Y. V. Kaenel, “Temporal characterization of femtosecond laser pulses induced plasma for spectrochemical analysis of aluminum alloys,” Spectrochim. Acta Part B 56, 987–1002 (2001).
    [CrossRef]
  8. W. F. Ho, N. H. Cheung, “Spectrochemical analysis of liquids using laser-induced plasma emissions: effects of laser wavelength,” Appl. Spectrosc. 51, 87–91 (1997).
    [CrossRef]
  9. A. E. Pichahchy, D. A. Cremers, M. J. Ferris, “Elemental analysis of metals under water using laser-induced breakdown spectroscopy,” Spectrochim. Acta Part B 52, 25–39 (1997).
    [CrossRef]
  10. D. A. Cremers, L. J. Radziemski, T. R. Loree, “Spectrochemical analysis of liquids using the laser spark,” Appl. Spectrosc. 38, 721–729 (1984).
    [CrossRef]
  11. P. Fichet, P. Mauchien, J. F. Wagner, C. Maulin, “Quantitative elemental determination in water and oil by laser-induced breakdown spectroscopy.” Anal. Chim. Acta 429, 269–678 (2001).
    [CrossRef]
  12. D. A. Cremers, L. J. Radziemski, “Detection of chlorine and florine in air by laser-induced breakdown spectroscopy,” Anal. Chem. 55, 1252–1256 (1983).
    [CrossRef]
  13. J. P. Singh, H. Zhang, F. Y. Yueh, K. P. Camey, “Investigation of the effects of atmospheric conditions on the quantification of metal hydrides using laser-induced breakdown spectroscopy,” Appl. Spectrosc. 50, 764–773 (1996).
    [CrossRef]
  14. E. D. Lancaster, K. L. McNesby, R. G. Daniel, A. W. Miziolek, “Spectroscopic analysis of fire suppressants and refrigerants by laser-induced breakdown spectroscopy,” Appl. Opt. 38, 1476–1480 (1999).
    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef]
  17. L. Paksy, B. Nemet, A. Lengyel, L. Kozma, J. Czekkel, “Production control of metal alloys by laser spectroscopy of the molten metal,” Spectrochim. Acta Part B 51, 279–290 (1996).
    [CrossRef]
  18. J. Gruber, J. Heitz, H. Strasser, D. Bauerle, N. Ramaseder, “Rapid in-situ analysis of liquid steel by laser-induced breakdown spectrometry,” Spectrochim. Acta Part B 56, 685–693 (2001).
    [CrossRef]
  19. R. Noll, H. Bette, A. Brysch, M. Kraushaar, I. Monch, L. Peter, V. Sturm, “Laser-induced breakdown spectrometry-applications for production control and quality assurance in the steel industry,” Spectrochim. Acta Part B 56, 637–649 (2001).
    [CrossRef]
  20. A. K. Rai, H. Zhang, F. Y. Yueh, J. P. Singh, A. Weisburg, “Parametric study of a fiber-optic laser-induced breakdown spectroscopy probe for analysis of aluminum alloys,” Spectrochim. Acta Part B 56, 2371–2383 (2001).
    [CrossRef]
  21. A. K. Rai, F. Y. Yueh, J. P. Singh, H. Zhang, “High temperature fiber optic laser-induced breakdown spectroscopy sensor for elemental analysis of molten alloys,” Rev. Sci. Instrum. (to be published).
  22. M. Kuzuya, H. Matsumoto, H. Takechi, O. Mikami, “Effect of laser energy and atmosphere on the emission characteristics of laser-induced plasma,” Appl. Spectrosc. 47, 1659–1664 (1993).
    [CrossRef]
  23. R. C. Weast, ed., CRC Handbook of Chemistry and Physics, 79th ed., CRC Press, 1999.

2001 (6)

J. M. Gomba, C. D. Angelo, D. Bertuccelli, G. Bertuccelli, “Spectroscopic characterization of laser-induced breakdown in aluminum-lithium alloy samples for quantitative determination of traces,” Spectrochim. Acta Part B 56, 695–705 (2001).
[CrossRef]

B. L. Drogoff, J. Margot, M. Chaker, M. Sabsabi, O. Barthelemy, T. W. Johnston, S. Laville, F. Vidal, Y. V. Kaenel, “Temporal characterization of femtosecond laser pulses induced plasma for spectrochemical analysis of aluminum alloys,” Spectrochim. Acta Part B 56, 987–1002 (2001).
[CrossRef]

P. Fichet, P. Mauchien, J. F. Wagner, C. Maulin, “Quantitative elemental determination in water and oil by laser-induced breakdown spectroscopy.” Anal. Chim. Acta 429, 269–678 (2001).
[CrossRef]

J. Gruber, J. Heitz, H. Strasser, D. Bauerle, N. Ramaseder, “Rapid in-situ analysis of liquid steel by laser-induced breakdown spectrometry,” Spectrochim. Acta Part B 56, 685–693 (2001).
[CrossRef]

R. Noll, H. Bette, A. Brysch, M. Kraushaar, I. Monch, L. Peter, V. Sturm, “Laser-induced breakdown spectrometry-applications for production control and quality assurance in the steel industry,” Spectrochim. Acta Part B 56, 637–649 (2001).
[CrossRef]

A. K. Rai, H. Zhang, F. Y. Yueh, J. P. Singh, A. Weisburg, “Parametric study of a fiber-optic laser-induced breakdown spectroscopy probe for analysis of aluminum alloys,” Spectrochim. Acta Part B 56, 2371–2383 (2001).
[CrossRef]

2000 (1)

C. F. Su, S. Fang, J. P. Singh, F. Y. Yueh, J. T. Rigsby, D. L. Monts, R. L. Cook, “Glass composition measurement using laser-induced breakdown spectroscopy,” Glass Technol. 41, 16–21 (2000).

1999 (1)

1997 (5)

J. P. Singh, F. Y. Yueh, H. Zhang, R. L. Cook, “Study of laser-induced breakdown spectroscopy as a process monitor and control tool for hazardous waste remediation,” Process Control Qual. 10, 247–258 (1997).

D. A. Rusak, B. C. Castle, B. W. Smith, J. D. Winefordner, “Fundamentals and applications of laser induced breakdown spectroscopy,” Crit. Rev. Anal. Chem. 27, 257–270 (1997).
[CrossRef]

D. E. Kim, K. J. Joo, H. K. Park, K. J. Oh, D. W. Kim, “Quantitative analysis of aluminum impurities in Zn alloy by laser-induced breakdown spectroscopy,” Appl. Spectrosc. 51, 22–29 (1997).
[CrossRef]

W. F. Ho, N. H. Cheung, “Spectrochemical analysis of liquids using laser-induced plasma emissions: effects of laser wavelength,” Appl. Spectrosc. 51, 87–91 (1997).
[CrossRef]

A. E. Pichahchy, D. A. Cremers, M. J. Ferris, “Elemental analysis of metals under water using laser-induced breakdown spectroscopy,” Spectrochim. Acta Part B 52, 25–39 (1997).
[CrossRef]

1996 (2)

J. P. Singh, H. Zhang, F. Y. Yueh, K. P. Camey, “Investigation of the effects of atmospheric conditions on the quantification of metal hydrides using laser-induced breakdown spectroscopy,” Appl. Spectrosc. 50, 764–773 (1996).
[CrossRef]

L. Paksy, B. Nemet, A. Lengyel, L. Kozma, J. Czekkel, “Production control of metal alloys by laser spectroscopy of the molten metal,” Spectrochim. Acta Part B 51, 279–290 (1996).
[CrossRef]

1993 (2)

1984 (1)

1983 (1)

D. A. Cremers, L. J. Radziemski, “Detection of chlorine and florine in air by laser-induced breakdown spectroscopy,” Anal. Chem. 55, 1252–1256 (1983).
[CrossRef]

Aguiler, J. A.

Angelo, C. D.

J. M. Gomba, C. D. Angelo, D. Bertuccelli, G. Bertuccelli, “Spectroscopic characterization of laser-induced breakdown in aluminum-lithium alloy samples for quantitative determination of traces,” Spectrochim. Acta Part B 56, 695–705 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Aragon, C.

Barthelemy, O.

B. L. Drogoff, J. Margot, M. Chaker, M. Sabsabi, O. Barthelemy, T. W. Johnston, S. Laville, F. Vidal, Y. V. Kaenel, “Temporal characterization of femtosecond laser pulses induced plasma for spectrochemical analysis of aluminum alloys,” Spectrochim. Acta Part B 56, 987–1002 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Bauerle, D.

J. Gruber, J. Heitz, H. Strasser, D. Bauerle, N. Ramaseder, “Rapid in-situ analysis of liquid steel by laser-induced breakdown spectrometry,” Spectrochim. Acta Part B 56, 685–693 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Bertuccelli, D.

J. M. Gomba, C. D. Angelo, D. Bertuccelli, G. Bertuccelli, “Spectroscopic characterization of laser-induced breakdown in aluminum-lithium alloy samples for quantitative determination of traces,” Spectrochim. Acta Part B 56, 695–705 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Bertuccelli, G.

J. M. Gomba, C. D. Angelo, D. Bertuccelli, G. Bertuccelli, “Spectroscopic characterization of laser-induced breakdown in aluminum-lithium alloy samples for quantitative determination of traces,” Spectrochim. Acta Part B 56, 695–705 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Bette, H.

R. Noll, H. Bette, A. Brysch, M. Kraushaar, I. Monch, L. Peter, V. Sturm, “Laser-induced breakdown spectrometry-applications for production control and quality assurance in the steel industry,” Spectrochim. Acta Part B 56, 637–649 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Brysch, A.

R. Noll, H. Bette, A. Brysch, M. Kraushaar, I. Monch, L. Peter, V. Sturm, “Laser-induced breakdown spectrometry-applications for production control and quality assurance in the steel industry,” Spectrochim. Acta Part B 56, 637–649 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Camey, K. P.

Campos, J.

Castle, B. C.

D. A. Rusak, B. C. Castle, B. W. Smith, J. D. Winefordner, “Fundamentals and applications of laser induced breakdown spectroscopy,” Crit. Rev. Anal. Chem. 27, 257–270 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Chaker, M.

B. L. Drogoff, J. Margot, M. Chaker, M. Sabsabi, O. Barthelemy, T. W. Johnston, S. Laville, F. Vidal, Y. V. Kaenel, “Temporal characterization of femtosecond laser pulses induced plasma for spectrochemical analysis of aluminum alloys,” Spectrochim. Acta Part B 56, 987–1002 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Cheung, N. H.

Cook, R. L.

C. F. Su, S. Fang, J. P. Singh, F. Y. Yueh, J. T. Rigsby, D. L. Monts, R. L. Cook, “Glass composition measurement using laser-induced breakdown spectroscopy,” Glass Technol. 41, 16–21 (2000).

J. P. Singh, F. Y. Yueh, H. Zhang, R. L. Cook, “Study of laser-induced breakdown spectroscopy as a process monitor and control tool for hazardous waste remediation,” Process Control Qual. 10, 247–258 (1997).

Cremer, D. A.

D. A. Cremer, L. J. Radziemski, “Laser plasmas for chemical analysis in laser spectroscopy and its application,” L. J. Radziemski, R. W. Solarz, J. A. Paisner, eds. (Marcel Dekker, New York, 1987).

Cremers, D. A.

A. E. Pichahchy, D. A. Cremers, M. J. Ferris, “Elemental analysis of metals under water using laser-induced breakdown spectroscopy,” Spectrochim. Acta Part B 52, 25–39 (1997).
[CrossRef]

D. A. Cremers, L. J. Radziemski, T. R. Loree, “Spectrochemical analysis of liquids using the laser spark,” Appl. Spectrosc. 38, 721–729 (1984).
[CrossRef]

D. A. Cremers, L. J. Radziemski, “Detection of chlorine and florine in air by laser-induced breakdown spectroscopy,” Anal. Chem. 55, 1252–1256 (1983).
[CrossRef]

Czekkel, J.

L. Paksy, B. Nemet, A. Lengyel, L. Kozma, J. Czekkel, “Production control of metal alloys by laser spectroscopy of the molten metal,” Spectrochim. Acta Part B 51, 279–290 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Daniel, R. G.

Drogoff, B. L.

B. L. Drogoff, J. Margot, M. Chaker, M. Sabsabi, O. Barthelemy, T. W. Johnston, S. Laville, F. Vidal, Y. V. Kaenel, “Temporal characterization of femtosecond laser pulses induced plasma for spectrochemical analysis of aluminum alloys,” Spectrochim. Acta Part B 56, 987–1002 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Fang, S.

C. F. Su, S. Fang, J. P. Singh, F. Y. Yueh, J. T. Rigsby, D. L. Monts, R. L. Cook, “Glass composition measurement using laser-induced breakdown spectroscopy,” Glass Technol. 41, 16–21 (2000).

Ferris, M. J.

A. E. Pichahchy, D. A. Cremers, M. J. Ferris, “Elemental analysis of metals under water using laser-induced breakdown spectroscopy,” Spectrochim. Acta Part B 52, 25–39 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Fichet, P.

P. Fichet, P. Mauchien, J. F. Wagner, C. Maulin, “Quantitative elemental determination in water and oil by laser-induced breakdown spectroscopy.” Anal. Chim. Acta 429, 269–678 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Gomba, J. M.

J. M. Gomba, C. D. Angelo, D. Bertuccelli, G. Bertuccelli, “Spectroscopic characterization of laser-induced breakdown in aluminum-lithium alloy samples for quantitative determination of traces,” Spectrochim. Acta Part B 56, 695–705 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Gruber, J.

J. Gruber, J. Heitz, H. Strasser, D. Bauerle, N. Ramaseder, “Rapid in-situ analysis of liquid steel by laser-induced breakdown spectrometry,” Spectrochim. Acta Part B 56, 685–693 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Heitz, J.

J. Gruber, J. Heitz, H. Strasser, D. Bauerle, N. Ramaseder, “Rapid in-situ analysis of liquid steel by laser-induced breakdown spectrometry,” Spectrochim. Acta Part B 56, 685–693 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Ho, W. F.

Johnston, T. W.

B. L. Drogoff, J. Margot, M. Chaker, M. Sabsabi, O. Barthelemy, T. W. Johnston, S. Laville, F. Vidal, Y. V. Kaenel, “Temporal characterization of femtosecond laser pulses induced plasma for spectrochemical analysis of aluminum alloys,” Spectrochim. Acta Part B 56, 987–1002 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Joo, K. J.

Kaenel, Y. V.

B. L. Drogoff, J. Margot, M. Chaker, M. Sabsabi, O. Barthelemy, T. W. Johnston, S. Laville, F. Vidal, Y. V. Kaenel, “Temporal characterization of femtosecond laser pulses induced plasma for spectrochemical analysis of aluminum alloys,” Spectrochim. Acta Part B 56, 987–1002 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Kim, D. E.

Kim, D. W.

Kozma, L.

L. Paksy, B. Nemet, A. Lengyel, L. Kozma, J. Czekkel, “Production control of metal alloys by laser spectroscopy of the molten metal,” Spectrochim. Acta Part B 51, 279–290 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Kraushaar, M.

R. Noll, H. Bette, A. Brysch, M. Kraushaar, I. Monch, L. Peter, V. Sturm, “Laser-induced breakdown spectrometry-applications for production control and quality assurance in the steel industry,” Spectrochim. Acta Part B 56, 637–649 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Kuzuya, M.

Lancaster, E. D.

Laville, S.

B. L. Drogoff, J. Margot, M. Chaker, M. Sabsabi, O. Barthelemy, T. W. Johnston, S. Laville, F. Vidal, Y. V. Kaenel, “Temporal characterization of femtosecond laser pulses induced plasma for spectrochemical analysis of aluminum alloys,” Spectrochim. Acta Part B 56, 987–1002 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Lengyel, A.

L. Paksy, B. Nemet, A. Lengyel, L. Kozma, J. Czekkel, “Production control of metal alloys by laser spectroscopy of the molten metal,” Spectrochim. Acta Part B 51, 279–290 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Loree, T. R.

Margot, J.

B. L. Drogoff, J. Margot, M. Chaker, M. Sabsabi, O. Barthelemy, T. W. Johnston, S. Laville, F. Vidal, Y. V. Kaenel, “Temporal characterization of femtosecond laser pulses induced plasma for spectrochemical analysis of aluminum alloys,” Spectrochim. Acta Part B 56, 987–1002 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Matsumoto, H.

Mauchien, P.

P. Fichet, P. Mauchien, J. F. Wagner, C. Maulin, “Quantitative elemental determination in water and oil by laser-induced breakdown spectroscopy.” Anal. Chim. Acta 429, 269–678 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Maulin, C.

P. Fichet, P. Mauchien, J. F. Wagner, C. Maulin, “Quantitative elemental determination in water and oil by laser-induced breakdown spectroscopy.” Anal. Chim. Acta 429, 269–678 (2001).
[CrossRef]

McNesby, K. L.

Mikami, O.

Miziolek, A. W.

Monch, I.

R. Noll, H. Bette, A. Brysch, M. Kraushaar, I. Monch, L. Peter, V. Sturm, “Laser-induced breakdown spectrometry-applications for production control and quality assurance in the steel industry,” Spectrochim. Acta Part B 56, 637–649 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Monts, D. L.

C. F. Su, S. Fang, J. P. Singh, F. Y. Yueh, J. T. Rigsby, D. L. Monts, R. L. Cook, “Glass composition measurement using laser-induced breakdown spectroscopy,” Glass Technol. 41, 16–21 (2000).

Nemet, B.

L. Paksy, B. Nemet, A. Lengyel, L. Kozma, J. Czekkel, “Production control of metal alloys by laser spectroscopy of the molten metal,” Spectrochim. Acta Part B 51, 279–290 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Noll, R.

R. Noll, H. Bette, A. Brysch, M. Kraushaar, I. Monch, L. Peter, V. Sturm, “Laser-induced breakdown spectrometry-applications for production control and quality assurance in the steel industry,” Spectrochim. Acta Part B 56, 637–649 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Oh, K. J.

Paksy, L.

L. Paksy, B. Nemet, A. Lengyel, L. Kozma, J. Czekkel, “Production control of metal alloys by laser spectroscopy of the molten metal,” Spectrochim. Acta Part B 51, 279–290 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Park, H. K.

Peter, L.

R. Noll, H. Bette, A. Brysch, M. Kraushaar, I. Monch, L. Peter, V. Sturm, “Laser-induced breakdown spectrometry-applications for production control and quality assurance in the steel industry,” Spectrochim. Acta Part B 56, 637–649 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Pichahchy, A. E.

A. E. Pichahchy, D. A. Cremers, M. J. Ferris, “Elemental analysis of metals under water using laser-induced breakdown spectroscopy,” Spectrochim. Acta Part B 52, 25–39 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Radziemski, L. J.

D. A. Cremers, L. J. Radziemski, T. R. Loree, “Spectrochemical analysis of liquids using the laser spark,” Appl. Spectrosc. 38, 721–729 (1984).
[CrossRef]

D. A. Cremers, L. J. Radziemski, “Detection of chlorine and florine in air by laser-induced breakdown spectroscopy,” Anal. Chem. 55, 1252–1256 (1983).
[CrossRef]

D. A. Cremer, L. J. Radziemski, “Laser plasmas for chemical analysis in laser spectroscopy and its application,” L. J. Radziemski, R. W. Solarz, J. A. Paisner, eds. (Marcel Dekker, New York, 1987).

Rai, A. K.

A. K. Rai, H. Zhang, F. Y. Yueh, J. P. Singh, A. Weisburg, “Parametric study of a fiber-optic laser-induced breakdown spectroscopy probe for analysis of aluminum alloys,” Spectrochim. Acta Part B 56, 2371–2383 (2001).
[CrossRef]

A. K. Rai, F. Y. Yueh, J. P. Singh, H. Zhang, “High temperature fiber optic laser-induced breakdown spectroscopy sensor for elemental analysis of molten alloys,” Rev. Sci. Instrum. (to be published).

Ramaseder, N.

J. Gruber, J. Heitz, H. Strasser, D. Bauerle, N. Ramaseder, “Rapid in-situ analysis of liquid steel by laser-induced breakdown spectrometry,” Spectrochim. Acta Part B 56, 685–693 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Rigsby, J. T.

C. F. Su, S. Fang, J. P. Singh, F. Y. Yueh, J. T. Rigsby, D. L. Monts, R. L. Cook, “Glass composition measurement using laser-induced breakdown spectroscopy,” Glass Technol. 41, 16–21 (2000).

Rusak, D. A.

D. A. Rusak, B. C. Castle, B. W. Smith, J. D. Winefordner, “Fundamentals and applications of laser induced breakdown spectroscopy,” Crit. Rev. Anal. Chem. 27, 257–270 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Sabsabi, M.

B. L. Drogoff, J. Margot, M. Chaker, M. Sabsabi, O. Barthelemy, T. W. Johnston, S. Laville, F. Vidal, Y. V. Kaenel, “Temporal characterization of femtosecond laser pulses induced plasma for spectrochemical analysis of aluminum alloys,” Spectrochim. Acta Part B 56, 987–1002 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Singh, J. P.

A. K. Rai, H. Zhang, F. Y. Yueh, J. P. Singh, A. Weisburg, “Parametric study of a fiber-optic laser-induced breakdown spectroscopy probe for analysis of aluminum alloys,” Spectrochim. Acta Part B 56, 2371–2383 (2001).
[CrossRef]

C. F. Su, S. Fang, J. P. Singh, F. Y. Yueh, J. T. Rigsby, D. L. Monts, R. L. Cook, “Glass composition measurement using laser-induced breakdown spectroscopy,” Glass Technol. 41, 16–21 (2000).

J. P. Singh, F. Y. Yueh, H. Zhang, R. L. Cook, “Study of laser-induced breakdown spectroscopy as a process monitor and control tool for hazardous waste remediation,” Process Control Qual. 10, 247–258 (1997).

J. P. Singh, H. Zhang, F. Y. Yueh, K. P. Camey, “Investigation of the effects of atmospheric conditions on the quantification of metal hydrides using laser-induced breakdown spectroscopy,” Appl. Spectrosc. 50, 764–773 (1996).
[CrossRef]

F. Y. Yueh, J. P. Singh, H. Zhang, “Laser-induced breakdown spectroscopy elemental analysis,” in Encyclopedia of Analytical Chemistry, R. A. Meyers, ed. (Wiley, New York, 2000), pp. 2066–2087, and references therein.

A. K. Rai, F. Y. Yueh, J. P. Singh, H. Zhang, “High temperature fiber optic laser-induced breakdown spectroscopy sensor for elemental analysis of molten alloys,” Rev. Sci. Instrum. (to be published).

Smith, B. W.

D. A. Rusak, B. C. Castle, B. W. Smith, J. D. Winefordner, “Fundamentals and applications of laser induced breakdown spectroscopy,” Crit. Rev. Anal. Chem. 27, 257–270 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Strasser, H.

J. Gruber, J. Heitz, H. Strasser, D. Bauerle, N. Ramaseder, “Rapid in-situ analysis of liquid steel by laser-induced breakdown spectrometry,” Spectrochim. Acta Part B 56, 685–693 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Sturm, V.

R. Noll, H. Bette, A. Brysch, M. Kraushaar, I. Monch, L. Peter, V. Sturm, “Laser-induced breakdown spectrometry-applications for production control and quality assurance in the steel industry,” Spectrochim. Acta Part B 56, 637–649 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Su, C. F.

C. F. Su, S. Fang, J. P. Singh, F. Y. Yueh, J. T. Rigsby, D. L. Monts, R. L. Cook, “Glass composition measurement using laser-induced breakdown spectroscopy,” Glass Technol. 41, 16–21 (2000).

Takechi, H.

Vidal, F.

B. L. Drogoff, J. Margot, M. Chaker, M. Sabsabi, O. Barthelemy, T. W. Johnston, S. Laville, F. Vidal, Y. V. Kaenel, “Temporal characterization of femtosecond laser pulses induced plasma for spectrochemical analysis of aluminum alloys,” Spectrochim. Acta Part B 56, 987–1002 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Wagner, J. F.

P. Fichet, P. Mauchien, J. F. Wagner, C. Maulin, “Quantitative elemental determination in water and oil by laser-induced breakdown spectroscopy.” Anal. Chim. Acta 429, 269–678 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Weisburg, A.

A. K. Rai, H. Zhang, F. Y. Yueh, J. P. Singh, A. Weisburg, “Parametric study of a fiber-optic laser-induced breakdown spectroscopy probe for analysis of aluminum alloys,” Spectrochim. Acta Part B 56, 2371–2383 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Winefordner, J. D.

D. A. Rusak, B. C. Castle, B. W. Smith, J. D. Winefordner, “Fundamentals and applications of laser induced breakdown spectroscopy,” Crit. Rev. Anal. Chem. 27, 257–270 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Yueh, F. Y.

A. K. Rai, H. Zhang, F. Y. Yueh, J. P. Singh, A. Weisburg, “Parametric study of a fiber-optic laser-induced breakdown spectroscopy probe for analysis of aluminum alloys,” Spectrochim. Acta Part B 56, 2371–2383 (2001).
[CrossRef]

C. F. Su, S. Fang, J. P. Singh, F. Y. Yueh, J. T. Rigsby, D. L. Monts, R. L. Cook, “Glass composition measurement using laser-induced breakdown spectroscopy,” Glass Technol. 41, 16–21 (2000).

J. P. Singh, F. Y. Yueh, H. Zhang, R. L. Cook, “Study of laser-induced breakdown spectroscopy as a process monitor and control tool for hazardous waste remediation,” Process Control Qual. 10, 247–258 (1997).

J. P. Singh, H. Zhang, F. Y. Yueh, K. P. Camey, “Investigation of the effects of atmospheric conditions on the quantification of metal hydrides using laser-induced breakdown spectroscopy,” Appl. Spectrosc. 50, 764–773 (1996).
[CrossRef]

F. Y. Yueh, J. P. Singh, H. Zhang, “Laser-induced breakdown spectroscopy elemental analysis,” in Encyclopedia of Analytical Chemistry, R. A. Meyers, ed. (Wiley, New York, 2000), pp. 2066–2087, and references therein.

A. K. Rai, F. Y. Yueh, J. P. Singh, H. Zhang, “High temperature fiber optic laser-induced breakdown spectroscopy sensor for elemental analysis of molten alloys,” Rev. Sci. Instrum. (to be published).

Zhang, H.

A. K. Rai, H. Zhang, F. Y. Yueh, J. P. Singh, A. Weisburg, “Parametric study of a fiber-optic laser-induced breakdown spectroscopy probe for analysis of aluminum alloys,” Spectrochim. Acta Part B 56, 2371–2383 (2001).
[CrossRef]

J. P. Singh, F. Y. Yueh, H. Zhang, R. L. Cook, “Study of laser-induced breakdown spectroscopy as a process monitor and control tool for hazardous waste remediation,” Process Control Qual. 10, 247–258 (1997).

J. P. Singh, H. Zhang, F. Y. Yueh, K. P. Camey, “Investigation of the effects of atmospheric conditions on the quantification of metal hydrides using laser-induced breakdown spectroscopy,” Appl. Spectrosc. 50, 764–773 (1996).
[CrossRef]

F. Y. Yueh, J. P. Singh, H. Zhang, “Laser-induced breakdown spectroscopy elemental analysis,” in Encyclopedia of Analytical Chemistry, R. A. Meyers, ed. (Wiley, New York, 2000), pp. 2066–2087, and references therein.

A. K. Rai, F. Y. Yueh, J. P. Singh, H. Zhang, “High temperature fiber optic laser-induced breakdown spectroscopy sensor for elemental analysis of molten alloys,” Rev. Sci. Instrum. (to be published).

Anal. Chem. (1)

D. A. Cremers, L. J. Radziemski, “Detection of chlorine and florine in air by laser-induced breakdown spectroscopy,” Anal. Chem. 55, 1252–1256 (1983).
[CrossRef]

Anal. Chim. Acta (1)

P. Fichet, P. Mauchien, J. F. Wagner, C. Maulin, “Quantitative elemental determination in water and oil by laser-induced breakdown spectroscopy.” Anal. Chim. Acta 429, 269–678 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Appl. Opt. (1)

Appl. Spectrosc. (6)

Crit. Rev. Anal. Chem. (1)

D. A. Rusak, B. C. Castle, B. W. Smith, J. D. Winefordner, “Fundamentals and applications of laser induced breakdown spectroscopy,” Crit. Rev. Anal. Chem. 27, 257–270 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Glass Technol. (1)

C. F. Su, S. Fang, J. P. Singh, F. Y. Yueh, J. T. Rigsby, D. L. Monts, R. L. Cook, “Glass composition measurement using laser-induced breakdown spectroscopy,” Glass Technol. 41, 16–21 (2000).

Process Control Qual. (1)

J. P. Singh, F. Y. Yueh, H. Zhang, R. L. Cook, “Study of laser-induced breakdown spectroscopy as a process monitor and control tool for hazardous waste remediation,” Process Control Qual. 10, 247–258 (1997).

Spectrochim. Acta Part B (7)

J. M. Gomba, C. D. Angelo, D. Bertuccelli, G. Bertuccelli, “Spectroscopic characterization of laser-induced breakdown in aluminum-lithium alloy samples for quantitative determination of traces,” Spectrochim. Acta Part B 56, 695–705 (2001).
[CrossRef]

B. L. Drogoff, J. Margot, M. Chaker, M. Sabsabi, O. Barthelemy, T. W. Johnston, S. Laville, F. Vidal, Y. V. Kaenel, “Temporal characterization of femtosecond laser pulses induced plasma for spectrochemical analysis of aluminum alloys,” Spectrochim. Acta Part B 56, 987–1002 (2001).
[CrossRef]

A. E. Pichahchy, D. A. Cremers, M. J. Ferris, “Elemental analysis of metals under water using laser-induced breakdown spectroscopy,” Spectrochim. Acta Part B 52, 25–39 (1997).
[CrossRef]

L. Paksy, B. Nemet, A. Lengyel, L. Kozma, J. Czekkel, “Production control of metal alloys by laser spectroscopy of the molten metal,” Spectrochim. Acta Part B 51, 279–290 (1996).
[CrossRef]

J. Gruber, J. Heitz, H. Strasser, D. Bauerle, N. Ramaseder, “Rapid in-situ analysis of liquid steel by laser-induced breakdown spectrometry,” Spectrochim. Acta Part B 56, 685–693 (2001).
[CrossRef]

R. Noll, H. Bette, A. Brysch, M. Kraushaar, I. Monch, L. Peter, V. Sturm, “Laser-induced breakdown spectrometry-applications for production control and quality assurance in the steel industry,” Spectrochim. Acta Part B 56, 637–649 (2001).
[CrossRef]

A. K. Rai, H. Zhang, F. Y. Yueh, J. P. Singh, A. Weisburg, “Parametric study of a fiber-optic laser-induced breakdown spectroscopy probe for analysis of aluminum alloys,” Spectrochim. Acta Part B 56, 2371–2383 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Other (4)

A. K. Rai, F. Y. Yueh, J. P. Singh, H. Zhang, “High temperature fiber optic laser-induced breakdown spectroscopy sensor for elemental analysis of molten alloys,” Rev. Sci. Instrum. (to be published).

F. Y. Yueh, J. P. Singh, H. Zhang, “Laser-induced breakdown spectroscopy elemental analysis,” in Encyclopedia of Analytical Chemistry, R. A. Meyers, ed. (Wiley, New York, 2000), pp. 2066–2087, and references therein.

D. A. Cremer, L. J. Radziemski, “Laser plasmas for chemical analysis in laser spectroscopy and its application,” L. J. Radziemski, R. W. Solarz, J. A. Paisner, eds. (Marcel Dekker, New York, 1987).

R. C. Weast, ed., CRC Handbook of Chemistry and Physics, 79th ed., CRC Press, 1999.

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Figures (8)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

Experimental setup for recording LIBS spectra inside an Al melt.

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

Schematic diagram of the s.s. holder that houses the collimating and focusing optics.

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

LIBS spectra taken with Ar and N2 purging gases.

Fig. 4
Fig. 4

Calibration curve for Cu with a Cu intensity ratio of an analyte line and a Fe reference line with the values shown.

Fig. 5
Fig. 5

Calibration curve for Fe for a Fe intensity ratio of an analyte line and an Al reference line with the values shown.

Fig. 6
Fig. 6

Comparison of the intensity ratios and the concentration ratios in solid and melt for Cu and Fe.

Fig. 7
Fig. 7

Comparison of the LIBS spectra of an Al alloy recorded in solid and molten phases.

Fig. 8
Fig. 8

Comparison of the intensity ratios and the concentration ratios in solid and melt for Cr and Al.

Tables (2)

Tables Icon

Table 1 Calculated S/B and S/N from the LIBS Spectra of Molten Alloys in the Presence of Various Atmospheric Gases

Tables Icon

Table 2 Melting Points of Analyte Elements

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