Abstract

We present what is to our knowledge the first near-infrared diode-laser-based absorption spectrometer that is suitable for simultaneous in situ measurement of carbon monoxide, water vapor, and temperature in the combustion chamber (20-m diameter, 13-m path length) of a 600-MW lignite-fired power plant. A fiber-coupled distributed-feedback diode-laser module at 1.56 μm served for CO detection, and a Fabry-Perot diode laser at 813 nm was used to determine H2O concentrations and temperature from multiline water spectra. Despite severe light losses (transmission, <10-3) and strong background radiation we achieved a resolution of 1.9 × 10-4 (1σ) fractional absorption, equivalent to 200 parts in 106 by volume of CO (at 1450 K, 105 Pa) with 30-s averaging time.

© 2003 Optical Society of America

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