Abstract

Uniformly redundant array coded apertures have proven to be useful in the design of collimators for x-ray astronomy. They were initially expected to be equally successful in single-photon emission computed tomography (SPECT). Unfortunately, the SPECT images produced by this collimator contain artifacts, which mask the true picture and can lead to false diagnosis. Monte Carlo simulation has shown that the formation of a composite image will significantly reduce these artifacts. A simulation of a tumor in a compressed breast phantom has produced a composite image, which clearly indicates the presence of a 5 mm × 5 mm × 5 mm tumor with a 6:1 intensity ratio relative to the background tissue.

© 2002 Optical Society of America

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    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
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    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
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    [PubMed]
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    [CrossRef]
  5. F. J. MacWilliams, N. J. Sloane, “Pseudo-random sequences and arrays,” Proc. IEEE 64, 1715–1728 (1976).
    [CrossRef]
  6. L. Bomer, M. Antweiler, “Optimizing the aperiodic merit factor of binary arrays,” Signal Process. 30, 1–13 (1993).
    [CrossRef]
  7. H. Wang, C. Scarfone, K. L. Greer, R. E. Coleman, R. J. Jaszczak, “Prone breast tumor imaging using vertical axis-of-rotation (VAOR) SPECT systems: an initial study,” IEEE Trans. Nucl. Sci. 44, 1271–1275 (1997).
    [CrossRef]
  8. M. F. Smith, R. J. Jaszczak, “A rotating parallel hole collimator for high resolution imaging of medium energy radionuclides,” IEEE Trans. Nucl. Sci. 45, 2102–2112 (1998).
    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef]

1998 (1)

M. F. Smith, R. J. Jaszczak, “A rotating parallel hole collimator for high resolution imaging of medium energy radionuclides,” IEEE Trans. Nucl. Sci. 45, 2102–2112 (1998).
[CrossRef]

1997 (1)

H. Wang, C. Scarfone, K. L. Greer, R. E. Coleman, R. J. Jaszczak, “Prone breast tumor imaging using vertical axis-of-rotation (VAOR) SPECT systems: an initial study,” IEEE Trans. Nucl. Sci. 44, 1271–1275 (1997).
[CrossRef]

1996 (1)

J. Maublant, M. de Latour, D. Mestas, A. Clemenson, S. Charrier, V. Feillel, G. LeBouedec, P. Kaufmann, J. Dauplat, A. Vegre, “Technetium-99m-sestamibi uptake in breast tumor and associated lymph nodes,” J. Nucl. Med. 37, 922–925 (1996).
[PubMed]

1993 (1)

L. Bomer, M. Antweiler, “Optimizing the aperiodic merit factor of binary arrays,” Signal Process. 30, 1–13 (1993).
[CrossRef]

1989 (1)

P. Dunphy, M. McConnell, A. Owens, E. Chupp, D. Forrest, J. Googins, “A balloon-borne coded aperture telescope for low-energy gamma-ray astronomy,” Nucl. Instrum. Methods Phys. Res. A 274, 362–379 (1989).
[CrossRef]

1984 (1)

W. R. Cook, M. Finger, T. A. Prince, E. C. Stone, “Gamma ray imaging with a rotating hexagonal uniformly redundant array,” IEEE Trans. Nucl. Sci. 31, 771–775 (1984).
[CrossRef]

1979 (1)

1978 (1)

1976 (1)

F. J. MacWilliams, N. J. Sloane, “Pseudo-random sequences and arrays,” Proc. IEEE 64, 1715–1728 (1976).
[CrossRef]

Antweiler, M.

L. Bomer, M. Antweiler, “Optimizing the aperiodic merit factor of binary arrays,” Signal Process. 30, 1–13 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Bomer, L.

L. Bomer, M. Antweiler, “Optimizing the aperiodic merit factor of binary arrays,” Signal Process. 30, 1–13 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Cannon, T. M.

Charrier, S.

J. Maublant, M. de Latour, D. Mestas, A. Clemenson, S. Charrier, V. Feillel, G. LeBouedec, P. Kaufmann, J. Dauplat, A. Vegre, “Technetium-99m-sestamibi uptake in breast tumor and associated lymph nodes,” J. Nucl. Med. 37, 922–925 (1996).
[PubMed]

Chupp, E.

P. Dunphy, M. McConnell, A. Owens, E. Chupp, D. Forrest, J. Googins, “A balloon-borne coded aperture telescope for low-energy gamma-ray astronomy,” Nucl. Instrum. Methods Phys. Res. A 274, 362–379 (1989).
[CrossRef]

Clemenson, A.

J. Maublant, M. de Latour, D. Mestas, A. Clemenson, S. Charrier, V. Feillel, G. LeBouedec, P. Kaufmann, J. Dauplat, A. Vegre, “Technetium-99m-sestamibi uptake in breast tumor and associated lymph nodes,” J. Nucl. Med. 37, 922–925 (1996).
[PubMed]

Coleman, R. E.

H. Wang, C. Scarfone, K. L. Greer, R. E. Coleman, R. J. Jaszczak, “Prone breast tumor imaging using vertical axis-of-rotation (VAOR) SPECT systems: an initial study,” IEEE Trans. Nucl. Sci. 44, 1271–1275 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Cook, W. R.

W. R. Cook, M. Finger, T. A. Prince, E. C. Stone, “Gamma ray imaging with a rotating hexagonal uniformly redundant array,” IEEE Trans. Nucl. Sci. 31, 771–775 (1984).
[CrossRef]

Dauplat, J.

J. Maublant, M. de Latour, D. Mestas, A. Clemenson, S. Charrier, V. Feillel, G. LeBouedec, P. Kaufmann, J. Dauplat, A. Vegre, “Technetium-99m-sestamibi uptake in breast tumor and associated lymph nodes,” J. Nucl. Med. 37, 922–925 (1996).
[PubMed]

Dunphy, P.

P. Dunphy, M. McConnell, A. Owens, E. Chupp, D. Forrest, J. Googins, “A balloon-borne coded aperture telescope for low-energy gamma-ray astronomy,” Nucl. Instrum. Methods Phys. Res. A 274, 362–379 (1989).
[CrossRef]

Feillel, V.

J. Maublant, M. de Latour, D. Mestas, A. Clemenson, S. Charrier, V. Feillel, G. LeBouedec, P. Kaufmann, J. Dauplat, A. Vegre, “Technetium-99m-sestamibi uptake in breast tumor and associated lymph nodes,” J. Nucl. Med. 37, 922–925 (1996).
[PubMed]

Fenimore, E. E.

Finger, M.

W. R. Cook, M. Finger, T. A. Prince, E. C. Stone, “Gamma ray imaging with a rotating hexagonal uniformly redundant array,” IEEE Trans. Nucl. Sci. 31, 771–775 (1984).
[CrossRef]

Forrest, D.

P. Dunphy, M. McConnell, A. Owens, E. Chupp, D. Forrest, J. Googins, “A balloon-borne coded aperture telescope for low-energy gamma-ray astronomy,” Nucl. Instrum. Methods Phys. Res. A 274, 362–379 (1989).
[CrossRef]

Googins, J.

P. Dunphy, M. McConnell, A. Owens, E. Chupp, D. Forrest, J. Googins, “A balloon-borne coded aperture telescope for low-energy gamma-ray astronomy,” Nucl. Instrum. Methods Phys. Res. A 274, 362–379 (1989).
[CrossRef]

Greer, K. L.

H. Wang, C. Scarfone, K. L. Greer, R. E. Coleman, R. J. Jaszczak, “Prone breast tumor imaging using vertical axis-of-rotation (VAOR) SPECT systems: an initial study,” IEEE Trans. Nucl. Sci. 44, 1271–1275 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Jaszczak, R. J.

M. F. Smith, R. J. Jaszczak, “A rotating parallel hole collimator for high resolution imaging of medium energy radionuclides,” IEEE Trans. Nucl. Sci. 45, 2102–2112 (1998).
[CrossRef]

H. Wang, C. Scarfone, K. L. Greer, R. E. Coleman, R. J. Jaszczak, “Prone breast tumor imaging using vertical axis-of-rotation (VAOR) SPECT systems: an initial study,” IEEE Trans. Nucl. Sci. 44, 1271–1275 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Kaufmann, P.

J. Maublant, M. de Latour, D. Mestas, A. Clemenson, S. Charrier, V. Feillel, G. LeBouedec, P. Kaufmann, J. Dauplat, A. Vegre, “Technetium-99m-sestamibi uptake in breast tumor and associated lymph nodes,” J. Nucl. Med. 37, 922–925 (1996).
[PubMed]

Latour, M. de

J. Maublant, M. de Latour, D. Mestas, A. Clemenson, S. Charrier, V. Feillel, G. LeBouedec, P. Kaufmann, J. Dauplat, A. Vegre, “Technetium-99m-sestamibi uptake in breast tumor and associated lymph nodes,” J. Nucl. Med. 37, 922–925 (1996).
[PubMed]

LeBouedec, G.

J. Maublant, M. de Latour, D. Mestas, A. Clemenson, S. Charrier, V. Feillel, G. LeBouedec, P. Kaufmann, J. Dauplat, A. Vegre, “Technetium-99m-sestamibi uptake in breast tumor and associated lymph nodes,” J. Nucl. Med. 37, 922–925 (1996).
[PubMed]

MacWilliams, F. J.

F. J. MacWilliams, N. J. Sloane, “Pseudo-random sequences and arrays,” Proc. IEEE 64, 1715–1728 (1976).
[CrossRef]

Maublant, J.

J. Maublant, M. de Latour, D. Mestas, A. Clemenson, S. Charrier, V. Feillel, G. LeBouedec, P. Kaufmann, J. Dauplat, A. Vegre, “Technetium-99m-sestamibi uptake in breast tumor and associated lymph nodes,” J. Nucl. Med. 37, 922–925 (1996).
[PubMed]

McConnell, M.

P. Dunphy, M. McConnell, A. Owens, E. Chupp, D. Forrest, J. Googins, “A balloon-borne coded aperture telescope for low-energy gamma-ray astronomy,” Nucl. Instrum. Methods Phys. Res. A 274, 362–379 (1989).
[CrossRef]

Mestas, D.

J. Maublant, M. de Latour, D. Mestas, A. Clemenson, S. Charrier, V. Feillel, G. LeBouedec, P. Kaufmann, J. Dauplat, A. Vegre, “Technetium-99m-sestamibi uptake in breast tumor and associated lymph nodes,” J. Nucl. Med. 37, 922–925 (1996).
[PubMed]

Owens, A.

P. Dunphy, M. McConnell, A. Owens, E. Chupp, D. Forrest, J. Googins, “A balloon-borne coded aperture telescope for low-energy gamma-ray astronomy,” Nucl. Instrum. Methods Phys. Res. A 274, 362–379 (1989).
[CrossRef]

Prince, T. A.

W. R. Cook, M. Finger, T. A. Prince, E. C. Stone, “Gamma ray imaging with a rotating hexagonal uniformly redundant array,” IEEE Trans. Nucl. Sci. 31, 771–775 (1984).
[CrossRef]

Scarfone, C.

H. Wang, C. Scarfone, K. L. Greer, R. E. Coleman, R. J. Jaszczak, “Prone breast tumor imaging using vertical axis-of-rotation (VAOR) SPECT systems: an initial study,” IEEE Trans. Nucl. Sci. 44, 1271–1275 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Sloane, N. J.

F. J. MacWilliams, N. J. Sloane, “Pseudo-random sequences and arrays,” Proc. IEEE 64, 1715–1728 (1976).
[CrossRef]

Smith, M. F.

M. F. Smith, R. J. Jaszczak, “A rotating parallel hole collimator for high resolution imaging of medium energy radionuclides,” IEEE Trans. Nucl. Sci. 45, 2102–2112 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Stone, E. C.

W. R. Cook, M. Finger, T. A. Prince, E. C. Stone, “Gamma ray imaging with a rotating hexagonal uniformly redundant array,” IEEE Trans. Nucl. Sci. 31, 771–775 (1984).
[CrossRef]

Vegre, A.

J. Maublant, M. de Latour, D. Mestas, A. Clemenson, S. Charrier, V. Feillel, G. LeBouedec, P. Kaufmann, J. Dauplat, A. Vegre, “Technetium-99m-sestamibi uptake in breast tumor and associated lymph nodes,” J. Nucl. Med. 37, 922–925 (1996).
[PubMed]

Wang, H.

H. Wang, C. Scarfone, K. L. Greer, R. E. Coleman, R. J. Jaszczak, “Prone breast tumor imaging using vertical axis-of-rotation (VAOR) SPECT systems: an initial study,” IEEE Trans. Nucl. Sci. 44, 1271–1275 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Appl. Opt. (2)

IEEE Trans. Nucl. Sci. (3)

H. Wang, C. Scarfone, K. L. Greer, R. E. Coleman, R. J. Jaszczak, “Prone breast tumor imaging using vertical axis-of-rotation (VAOR) SPECT systems: an initial study,” IEEE Trans. Nucl. Sci. 44, 1271–1275 (1997).
[CrossRef]

M. F. Smith, R. J. Jaszczak, “A rotating parallel hole collimator for high resolution imaging of medium energy radionuclides,” IEEE Trans. Nucl. Sci. 45, 2102–2112 (1998).
[CrossRef]

W. R. Cook, M. Finger, T. A. Prince, E. C. Stone, “Gamma ray imaging with a rotating hexagonal uniformly redundant array,” IEEE Trans. Nucl. Sci. 31, 771–775 (1984).
[CrossRef]

J. Nucl. Med. (1)

J. Maublant, M. de Latour, D. Mestas, A. Clemenson, S. Charrier, V. Feillel, G. LeBouedec, P. Kaufmann, J. Dauplat, A. Vegre, “Technetium-99m-sestamibi uptake in breast tumor and associated lymph nodes,” J. Nucl. Med. 37, 922–925 (1996).
[PubMed]

Nucl. Instrum. Methods Phys. Res. A (1)

P. Dunphy, M. McConnell, A. Owens, E. Chupp, D. Forrest, J. Googins, “A balloon-borne coded aperture telescope for low-energy gamma-ray astronomy,” Nucl. Instrum. Methods Phys. Res. A 274, 362–379 (1989).
[CrossRef]

Proc. IEEE (1)

F. J. MacWilliams, N. J. Sloane, “Pseudo-random sequences and arrays,” Proc. IEEE 64, 1715–1728 (1976).
[CrossRef]

Signal Process. (1)

L. Bomer, M. Antweiler, “Optimizing the aperiodic merit factor of binary arrays,” Signal Process. 30, 1–13 (1993).
[CrossRef]

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