Abstract

The final optical design of the Wide Angle Camera for the Rosetta mission to the P/Wirtanen comet is described. This camera is an F/5.6 telescope with a rather large 12° × 12° field of view. To satisfy the scientific requirements for spatial resolution, contrast capability, and spectral coverage, a two-mirror, off-axis, and unobstructed optical design, believed to be novel, has been adopted. This configuration has been simulated with a ray-tracing code, showing that theoretically more than 80% of the collimated beam energy falls within a single pixel (20″ × 20″) over the whole camera field of view and that the possible contrast ratio is smaller than 1/1000. Moreover, this novel optical design is rather simple from a mechanical point of view and is compact and relatively easy to align. All these characteristics make this type of camera rather flexible and also suitable for other space missions with similar performance requirements.

© 2002 Optical Society of America

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  1. A. Bar-Num, A. Barucci, E. Bussoletti, A. Coradini, M. Coradini, J. Klinger, Y. Longherin, R. J. Laurence, J. A. M. Mc Donnel, A. Milani, B. Picardi, C. Pillinger, G. Schwen, D. Stoffer, H. Wänke, “Rosetta Comet Rendezvous Mission, study report of ESA,” ESA Publication SCI(93) (European Space Agency, Paris, 1993), Vol. 7.
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1998

N. Thomas, H. U. Keller, E. Arijs, C. Barbieri, M. Grande, P. Lamy, H. Rickman, R. Rodrigo, K.-P. Wenzel, M. F. A’Hearn, F. Angrilli, M. Bailey, M. A. Barucci, J.-L. Bertaux, K. Briess, J. A. Burns, G. Cremonese, W. Curdt, H. Deceuninck, R. Emery, M. Festou, M. Fulle, W.-H. Ip, L. Jorda, A. Korth, D. Koschny, J.-R. Kramm, E. Kürt, M. L. Lara, A. Llebaria, J. J. Lopez-Moreno, F. Marzari, D. Moreau, C. Muller, C. Murray, G. Naletto, D. Nevejans, R. Ragazzoni, L. Sabau, A. Sanz, J.-P. Sivan, G. Tondello, “OSIRIS—the optical, spectroscopic and infrared remote imaging system for the Rosetta orbiter,” Adv. Space Res. 21, 1505–1515 (1998).
[CrossRef]

1996

K. Dohlen, M. Saisse, G. Claeysen, J.-L. Boit, “Optical designs for the Rosetta narrow-angle camera,” Opt. Eng. 35, 1150–1157 (1996).
[CrossRef]

1993

D. G. Torr, M. R. Torr, M. Zukic, J. F. Spann, R. B. Johnson, “Ultraviolet imager for the International Solar Terrestrial Physics Mission,” Opt. Eng. 32, 3060–3068 (1993).
[CrossRef]

1990

J. M. Sasian, “Design of a Schwarzschild flat field, anastigmatic, unobstructed, wide-field telescope,” Opt. Eng. 29, 1–5 (1990).
[CrossRef]

1988

R. B. Johnson, “Wide field of view three-mirror telescopes having a common optical axis,” Opt. Eng. 27, 1046–1050 (1988).
[CrossRef]

1978

A’Hearn, M. F.

N. Thomas, H. U. Keller, E. Arijs, C. Barbieri, M. Grande, P. Lamy, H. Rickman, R. Rodrigo, K.-P. Wenzel, M. F. A’Hearn, F. Angrilli, M. Bailey, M. A. Barucci, J.-L. Bertaux, K. Briess, J. A. Burns, G. Cremonese, W. Curdt, H. Deceuninck, R. Emery, M. Festou, M. Fulle, W.-H. Ip, L. Jorda, A. Korth, D. Koschny, J.-R. Kramm, E. Kürt, M. L. Lara, A. Llebaria, J. J. Lopez-Moreno, F. Marzari, D. Moreau, C. Muller, C. Murray, G. Naletto, D. Nevejans, R. Ragazzoni, L. Sabau, A. Sanz, J.-P. Sivan, G. Tondello, “OSIRIS—the optical, spectroscopic and infrared remote imaging system for the Rosetta orbiter,” Adv. Space Res. 21, 1505–1515 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Angrilli, F.

N. Thomas, H. U. Keller, E. Arijs, C. Barbieri, M. Grande, P. Lamy, H. Rickman, R. Rodrigo, K.-P. Wenzel, M. F. A’Hearn, F. Angrilli, M. Bailey, M. A. Barucci, J.-L. Bertaux, K. Briess, J. A. Burns, G. Cremonese, W. Curdt, H. Deceuninck, R. Emery, M. Festou, M. Fulle, W.-H. Ip, L. Jorda, A. Korth, D. Koschny, J.-R. Kramm, E. Kürt, M. L. Lara, A. Llebaria, J. J. Lopez-Moreno, F. Marzari, D. Moreau, C. Muller, C. Murray, G. Naletto, D. Nevejans, R. Ragazzoni, L. Sabau, A. Sanz, J.-P. Sivan, G. Tondello, “OSIRIS—the optical, spectroscopic and infrared remote imaging system for the Rosetta orbiter,” Adv. Space Res. 21, 1505–1515 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Arijs, E.

N. Thomas, H. U. Keller, E. Arijs, C. Barbieri, M. Grande, P. Lamy, H. Rickman, R. Rodrigo, K.-P. Wenzel, M. F. A’Hearn, F. Angrilli, M. Bailey, M. A. Barucci, J.-L. Bertaux, K. Briess, J. A. Burns, G. Cremonese, W. Curdt, H. Deceuninck, R. Emery, M. Festou, M. Fulle, W.-H. Ip, L. Jorda, A. Korth, D. Koschny, J.-R. Kramm, E. Kürt, M. L. Lara, A. Llebaria, J. J. Lopez-Moreno, F. Marzari, D. Moreau, C. Muller, C. Murray, G. Naletto, D. Nevejans, R. Ragazzoni, L. Sabau, A. Sanz, J.-P. Sivan, G. Tondello, “OSIRIS—the optical, spectroscopic and infrared remote imaging system for the Rosetta orbiter,” Adv. Space Res. 21, 1505–1515 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Bailey, M.

N. Thomas, H. U. Keller, E. Arijs, C. Barbieri, M. Grande, P. Lamy, H. Rickman, R. Rodrigo, K.-P. Wenzel, M. F. A’Hearn, F. Angrilli, M. Bailey, M. A. Barucci, J.-L. Bertaux, K. Briess, J. A. Burns, G. Cremonese, W. Curdt, H. Deceuninck, R. Emery, M. Festou, M. Fulle, W.-H. Ip, L. Jorda, A. Korth, D. Koschny, J.-R. Kramm, E. Kürt, M. L. Lara, A. Llebaria, J. J. Lopez-Moreno, F. Marzari, D. Moreau, C. Muller, C. Murray, G. Naletto, D. Nevejans, R. Ragazzoni, L. Sabau, A. Sanz, J.-P. Sivan, G. Tondello, “OSIRIS—the optical, spectroscopic and infrared remote imaging system for the Rosetta orbiter,” Adv. Space Res. 21, 1505–1515 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Barbieri, C.

N. Thomas, H. U. Keller, E. Arijs, C. Barbieri, M. Grande, P. Lamy, H. Rickman, R. Rodrigo, K.-P. Wenzel, M. F. A’Hearn, F. Angrilli, M. Bailey, M. A. Barucci, J.-L. Bertaux, K. Briess, J. A. Burns, G. Cremonese, W. Curdt, H. Deceuninck, R. Emery, M. Festou, M. Fulle, W.-H. Ip, L. Jorda, A. Korth, D. Koschny, J.-R. Kramm, E. Kürt, M. L. Lara, A. Llebaria, J. J. Lopez-Moreno, F. Marzari, D. Moreau, C. Muller, C. Murray, G. Naletto, D. Nevejans, R. Ragazzoni, L. Sabau, A. Sanz, J.-P. Sivan, G. Tondello, “OSIRIS—the optical, spectroscopic and infrared remote imaging system for the Rosetta orbiter,” Adv. Space Res. 21, 1505–1515 (1998).
[CrossRef]

R. Ragazzoni, G. Naletto, C. Barbieri, G. Tondello, “An optical design for the Rosetta Wide Angle Camera,” in Space Telescopes and Instruments, P. Y. Bely, J. B. Breckinridge, eds., Proc. SPIE2478, 257–268 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Bar-Num, A.

A. Bar-Num, A. Barucci, E. Bussoletti, A. Coradini, M. Coradini, J. Klinger, Y. Longherin, R. J. Laurence, J. A. M. Mc Donnel, A. Milani, B. Picardi, C. Pillinger, G. Schwen, D. Stoffer, H. Wänke, “Rosetta Comet Rendezvous Mission, study report of ESA,” ESA Publication SCI(93) (European Space Agency, Paris, 1993), Vol. 7.

Barucci, A.

A. Bar-Num, A. Barucci, E. Bussoletti, A. Coradini, M. Coradini, J. Klinger, Y. Longherin, R. J. Laurence, J. A. M. Mc Donnel, A. Milani, B. Picardi, C. Pillinger, G. Schwen, D. Stoffer, H. Wänke, “Rosetta Comet Rendezvous Mission, study report of ESA,” ESA Publication SCI(93) (European Space Agency, Paris, 1993), Vol. 7.

Barucci, M. A.

N. Thomas, H. U. Keller, E. Arijs, C. Barbieri, M. Grande, P. Lamy, H. Rickman, R. Rodrigo, K.-P. Wenzel, M. F. A’Hearn, F. Angrilli, M. Bailey, M. A. Barucci, J.-L. Bertaux, K. Briess, J. A. Burns, G. Cremonese, W. Curdt, H. Deceuninck, R. Emery, M. Festou, M. Fulle, W.-H. Ip, L. Jorda, A. Korth, D. Koschny, J.-R. Kramm, E. Kürt, M. L. Lara, A. Llebaria, J. J. Lopez-Moreno, F. Marzari, D. Moreau, C. Muller, C. Murray, G. Naletto, D. Nevejans, R. Ragazzoni, L. Sabau, A. Sanz, J.-P. Sivan, G. Tondello, “OSIRIS—the optical, spectroscopic and infrared remote imaging system for the Rosetta orbiter,” Adv. Space Res. 21, 1505–1515 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Bertaux, J.-L.

N. Thomas, H. U. Keller, E. Arijs, C. Barbieri, M. Grande, P. Lamy, H. Rickman, R. Rodrigo, K.-P. Wenzel, M. F. A’Hearn, F. Angrilli, M. Bailey, M. A. Barucci, J.-L. Bertaux, K. Briess, J. A. Burns, G. Cremonese, W. Curdt, H. Deceuninck, R. Emery, M. Festou, M. Fulle, W.-H. Ip, L. Jorda, A. Korth, D. Koschny, J.-R. Kramm, E. Kürt, M. L. Lara, A. Llebaria, J. J. Lopez-Moreno, F. Marzari, D. Moreau, C. Muller, C. Murray, G. Naletto, D. Nevejans, R. Ragazzoni, L. Sabau, A. Sanz, J.-P. Sivan, G. Tondello, “OSIRIS—the optical, spectroscopic and infrared remote imaging system for the Rosetta orbiter,” Adv. Space Res. 21, 1505–1515 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Boit, J.-L.

K. Dohlen, M. Saisse, G. Claeysen, J.-L. Boit, “Optical designs for the Rosetta narrow-angle camera,” Opt. Eng. 35, 1150–1157 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Briess, K.

N. Thomas, H. U. Keller, E. Arijs, C. Barbieri, M. Grande, P. Lamy, H. Rickman, R. Rodrigo, K.-P. Wenzel, M. F. A’Hearn, F. Angrilli, M. Bailey, M. A. Barucci, J.-L. Bertaux, K. Briess, J. A. Burns, G. Cremonese, W. Curdt, H. Deceuninck, R. Emery, M. Festou, M. Fulle, W.-H. Ip, L. Jorda, A. Korth, D. Koschny, J.-R. Kramm, E. Kürt, M. L. Lara, A. Llebaria, J. J. Lopez-Moreno, F. Marzari, D. Moreau, C. Muller, C. Murray, G. Naletto, D. Nevejans, R. Ragazzoni, L. Sabau, A. Sanz, J.-P. Sivan, G. Tondello, “OSIRIS—the optical, spectroscopic and infrared remote imaging system for the Rosetta orbiter,” Adv. Space Res. 21, 1505–1515 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Burns, J. A.

N. Thomas, H. U. Keller, E. Arijs, C. Barbieri, M. Grande, P. Lamy, H. Rickman, R. Rodrigo, K.-P. Wenzel, M. F. A’Hearn, F. Angrilli, M. Bailey, M. A. Barucci, J.-L. Bertaux, K. Briess, J. A. Burns, G. Cremonese, W. Curdt, H. Deceuninck, R. Emery, M. Festou, M. Fulle, W.-H. Ip, L. Jorda, A. Korth, D. Koschny, J.-R. Kramm, E. Kürt, M. L. Lara, A. Llebaria, J. J. Lopez-Moreno, F. Marzari, D. Moreau, C. Muller, C. Murray, G. Naletto, D. Nevejans, R. Ragazzoni, L. Sabau, A. Sanz, J.-P. Sivan, G. Tondello, “OSIRIS—the optical, spectroscopic and infrared remote imaging system for the Rosetta orbiter,” Adv. Space Res. 21, 1505–1515 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Bussoletti, E.

A. Bar-Num, A. Barucci, E. Bussoletti, A. Coradini, M. Coradini, J. Klinger, Y. Longherin, R. J. Laurence, J. A. M. Mc Donnel, A. Milani, B. Picardi, C. Pillinger, G. Schwen, D. Stoffer, H. Wänke, “Rosetta Comet Rendezvous Mission, study report of ESA,” ESA Publication SCI(93) (European Space Agency, Paris, 1993), Vol. 7.

Claeysen, G.

K. Dohlen, M. Saisse, G. Claeysen, J.-L. Boit, “Optical designs for the Rosetta narrow-angle camera,” Opt. Eng. 35, 1150–1157 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Coradini, A.

A. Bar-Num, A. Barucci, E. Bussoletti, A. Coradini, M. Coradini, J. Klinger, Y. Longherin, R. J. Laurence, J. A. M. Mc Donnel, A. Milani, B. Picardi, C. Pillinger, G. Schwen, D. Stoffer, H. Wänke, “Rosetta Comet Rendezvous Mission, study report of ESA,” ESA Publication SCI(93) (European Space Agency, Paris, 1993), Vol. 7.

Coradini, M.

A. Bar-Num, A. Barucci, E. Bussoletti, A. Coradini, M. Coradini, J. Klinger, Y. Longherin, R. J. Laurence, J. A. M. Mc Donnel, A. Milani, B. Picardi, C. Pillinger, G. Schwen, D. Stoffer, H. Wänke, “Rosetta Comet Rendezvous Mission, study report of ESA,” ESA Publication SCI(93) (European Space Agency, Paris, 1993), Vol. 7.

Cremonese, G.

N. Thomas, H. U. Keller, E. Arijs, C. Barbieri, M. Grande, P. Lamy, H. Rickman, R. Rodrigo, K.-P. Wenzel, M. F. A’Hearn, F. Angrilli, M. Bailey, M. A. Barucci, J.-L. Bertaux, K. Briess, J. A. Burns, G. Cremonese, W. Curdt, H. Deceuninck, R. Emery, M. Festou, M. Fulle, W.-H. Ip, L. Jorda, A. Korth, D. Koschny, J.-R. Kramm, E. Kürt, M. L. Lara, A. Llebaria, J. J. Lopez-Moreno, F. Marzari, D. Moreau, C. Muller, C. Murray, G. Naletto, D. Nevejans, R. Ragazzoni, L. Sabau, A. Sanz, J.-P. Sivan, G. Tondello, “OSIRIS—the optical, spectroscopic and infrared remote imaging system for the Rosetta orbiter,” Adv. Space Res. 21, 1505–1515 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Curdt, W.

N. Thomas, H. U. Keller, E. Arijs, C. Barbieri, M. Grande, P. Lamy, H. Rickman, R. Rodrigo, K.-P. Wenzel, M. F. A’Hearn, F. Angrilli, M. Bailey, M. A. Barucci, J.-L. Bertaux, K. Briess, J. A. Burns, G. Cremonese, W. Curdt, H. Deceuninck, R. Emery, M. Festou, M. Fulle, W.-H. Ip, L. Jorda, A. Korth, D. Koschny, J.-R. Kramm, E. Kürt, M. L. Lara, A. Llebaria, J. J. Lopez-Moreno, F. Marzari, D. Moreau, C. Muller, C. Murray, G. Naletto, D. Nevejans, R. Ragazzoni, L. Sabau, A. Sanz, J.-P. Sivan, G. Tondello, “OSIRIS—the optical, spectroscopic and infrared remote imaging system for the Rosetta orbiter,” Adv. Space Res. 21, 1505–1515 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Dall’Era, A. G.

A. G. Dall’Era, “Wide angle, reflective optical systems for infrared applications,” in Lens and Optical System Design, H. Zuegge, ed., Proc. SPIE1780, 817–824 (1992).

Deceuninck, H.

N. Thomas, H. U. Keller, E. Arijs, C. Barbieri, M. Grande, P. Lamy, H. Rickman, R. Rodrigo, K.-P. Wenzel, M. F. A’Hearn, F. Angrilli, M. Bailey, M. A. Barucci, J.-L. Bertaux, K. Briess, J. A. Burns, G. Cremonese, W. Curdt, H. Deceuninck, R. Emery, M. Festou, M. Fulle, W.-H. Ip, L. Jorda, A. Korth, D. Koschny, J.-R. Kramm, E. Kürt, M. L. Lara, A. Llebaria, J. J. Lopez-Moreno, F. Marzari, D. Moreau, C. Muller, C. Murray, G. Naletto, D. Nevejans, R. Ragazzoni, L. Sabau, A. Sanz, J.-P. Sivan, G. Tondello, “OSIRIS—the optical, spectroscopic and infrared remote imaging system for the Rosetta orbiter,” Adv. Space Res. 21, 1505–1515 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Dohlen, K.

K. Dohlen, M. Saisse, G. Claeysen, J.-L. Boit, “Optical designs for the Rosetta narrow-angle camera,” Opt. Eng. 35, 1150–1157 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Emery, R.

N. Thomas, H. U. Keller, E. Arijs, C. Barbieri, M. Grande, P. Lamy, H. Rickman, R. Rodrigo, K.-P. Wenzel, M. F. A’Hearn, F. Angrilli, M. Bailey, M. A. Barucci, J.-L. Bertaux, K. Briess, J. A. Burns, G. Cremonese, W. Curdt, H. Deceuninck, R. Emery, M. Festou, M. Fulle, W.-H. Ip, L. Jorda, A. Korth, D. Koschny, J.-R. Kramm, E. Kürt, M. L. Lara, A. Llebaria, J. J. Lopez-Moreno, F. Marzari, D. Moreau, C. Muller, C. Murray, G. Naletto, D. Nevejans, R. Ragazzoni, L. Sabau, A. Sanz, J.-P. Sivan, G. Tondello, “OSIRIS—the optical, spectroscopic and infrared remote imaging system for the Rosetta orbiter,” Adv. Space Res. 21, 1505–1515 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Festou, M.

N. Thomas, H. U. Keller, E. Arijs, C. Barbieri, M. Grande, P. Lamy, H. Rickman, R. Rodrigo, K.-P. Wenzel, M. F. A’Hearn, F. Angrilli, M. Bailey, M. A. Barucci, J.-L. Bertaux, K. Briess, J. A. Burns, G. Cremonese, W. Curdt, H. Deceuninck, R. Emery, M. Festou, M. Fulle, W.-H. Ip, L. Jorda, A. Korth, D. Koschny, J.-R. Kramm, E. Kürt, M. L. Lara, A. Llebaria, J. J. Lopez-Moreno, F. Marzari, D. Moreau, C. Muller, C. Murray, G. Naletto, D. Nevejans, R. Ragazzoni, L. Sabau, A. Sanz, J.-P. Sivan, G. Tondello, “OSIRIS—the optical, spectroscopic and infrared remote imaging system for the Rosetta orbiter,” Adv. Space Res. 21, 1505–1515 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Fulle, M.

N. Thomas, H. U. Keller, E. Arijs, C. Barbieri, M. Grande, P. Lamy, H. Rickman, R. Rodrigo, K.-P. Wenzel, M. F. A’Hearn, F. Angrilli, M. Bailey, M. A. Barucci, J.-L. Bertaux, K. Briess, J. A. Burns, G. Cremonese, W. Curdt, H. Deceuninck, R. Emery, M. Festou, M. Fulle, W.-H. Ip, L. Jorda, A. Korth, D. Koschny, J.-R. Kramm, E. Kürt, M. L. Lara, A. Llebaria, J. J. Lopez-Moreno, F. Marzari, D. Moreau, C. Muller, C. Murray, G. Naletto, D. Nevejans, R. Ragazzoni, L. Sabau, A. Sanz, J.-P. Sivan, G. Tondello, “OSIRIS—the optical, spectroscopic and infrared remote imaging system for the Rosetta orbiter,” Adv. Space Res. 21, 1505–1515 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Grande, M.

N. Thomas, H. U. Keller, E. Arijs, C. Barbieri, M. Grande, P. Lamy, H. Rickman, R. Rodrigo, K.-P. Wenzel, M. F. A’Hearn, F. Angrilli, M. Bailey, M. A. Barucci, J.-L. Bertaux, K. Briess, J. A. Burns, G. Cremonese, W. Curdt, H. Deceuninck, R. Emery, M. Festou, M. Fulle, W.-H. Ip, L. Jorda, A. Korth, D. Koschny, J.-R. Kramm, E. Kürt, M. L. Lara, A. Llebaria, J. J. Lopez-Moreno, F. Marzari, D. Moreau, C. Muller, C. Murray, G. Naletto, D. Nevejans, R. Ragazzoni, L. Sabau, A. Sanz, J.-P. Sivan, G. Tondello, “OSIRIS—the optical, spectroscopic and infrared remote imaging system for the Rosetta orbiter,” Adv. Space Res. 21, 1505–1515 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Ip, W.-H.

N. Thomas, H. U. Keller, E. Arijs, C. Barbieri, M. Grande, P. Lamy, H. Rickman, R. Rodrigo, K.-P. Wenzel, M. F. A’Hearn, F. Angrilli, M. Bailey, M. A. Barucci, J.-L. Bertaux, K. Briess, J. A. Burns, G. Cremonese, W. Curdt, H. Deceuninck, R. Emery, M. Festou, M. Fulle, W.-H. Ip, L. Jorda, A. Korth, D. Koschny, J.-R. Kramm, E. Kürt, M. L. Lara, A. Llebaria, J. J. Lopez-Moreno, F. Marzari, D. Moreau, C. Muller, C. Murray, G. Naletto, D. Nevejans, R. Ragazzoni, L. Sabau, A. Sanz, J.-P. Sivan, G. Tondello, “OSIRIS—the optical, spectroscopic and infrared remote imaging system for the Rosetta orbiter,” Adv. Space Res. 21, 1505–1515 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Johnson, R. B.

D. G. Torr, M. R. Torr, M. Zukic, J. F. Spann, R. B. Johnson, “Ultraviolet imager for the International Solar Terrestrial Physics Mission,” Opt. Eng. 32, 3060–3068 (1993).
[CrossRef]

R. B. Johnson, “Wide field of view three-mirror telescopes having a common optical axis,” Opt. Eng. 27, 1046–1050 (1988).
[CrossRef]

Jorda, L.

N. Thomas, H. U. Keller, E. Arijs, C. Barbieri, M. Grande, P. Lamy, H. Rickman, R. Rodrigo, K.-P. Wenzel, M. F. A’Hearn, F. Angrilli, M. Bailey, M. A. Barucci, J.-L. Bertaux, K. Briess, J. A. Burns, G. Cremonese, W. Curdt, H. Deceuninck, R. Emery, M. Festou, M. Fulle, W.-H. Ip, L. Jorda, A. Korth, D. Koschny, J.-R. Kramm, E. Kürt, M. L. Lara, A. Llebaria, J. J. Lopez-Moreno, F. Marzari, D. Moreau, C. Muller, C. Murray, G. Naletto, D. Nevejans, R. Ragazzoni, L. Sabau, A. Sanz, J.-P. Sivan, G. Tondello, “OSIRIS—the optical, spectroscopic and infrared remote imaging system for the Rosetta orbiter,” Adv. Space Res. 21, 1505–1515 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Keller, H. U.

N. Thomas, H. U. Keller, E. Arijs, C. Barbieri, M. Grande, P. Lamy, H. Rickman, R. Rodrigo, K.-P. Wenzel, M. F. A’Hearn, F. Angrilli, M. Bailey, M. A. Barucci, J.-L. Bertaux, K. Briess, J. A. Burns, G. Cremonese, W. Curdt, H. Deceuninck, R. Emery, M. Festou, M. Fulle, W.-H. Ip, L. Jorda, A. Korth, D. Koschny, J.-R. Kramm, E. Kürt, M. L. Lara, A. Llebaria, J. J. Lopez-Moreno, F. Marzari, D. Moreau, C. Muller, C. Murray, G. Naletto, D. Nevejans, R. Ragazzoni, L. Sabau, A. Sanz, J.-P. Sivan, G. Tondello, “OSIRIS—the optical, spectroscopic and infrared remote imaging system for the Rosetta orbiter,” Adv. Space Res. 21, 1505–1515 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Klinger, J.

A. Bar-Num, A. Barucci, E. Bussoletti, A. Coradini, M. Coradini, J. Klinger, Y. Longherin, R. J. Laurence, J. A. M. Mc Donnel, A. Milani, B. Picardi, C. Pillinger, G. Schwen, D. Stoffer, H. Wänke, “Rosetta Comet Rendezvous Mission, study report of ESA,” ESA Publication SCI(93) (European Space Agency, Paris, 1993), Vol. 7.

Korth, A.

N. Thomas, H. U. Keller, E. Arijs, C. Barbieri, M. Grande, P. Lamy, H. Rickman, R. Rodrigo, K.-P. Wenzel, M. F. A’Hearn, F. Angrilli, M. Bailey, M. A. Barucci, J.-L. Bertaux, K. Briess, J. A. Burns, G. Cremonese, W. Curdt, H. Deceuninck, R. Emery, M. Festou, M. Fulle, W.-H. Ip, L. Jorda, A. Korth, D. Koschny, J.-R. Kramm, E. Kürt, M. L. Lara, A. Llebaria, J. J. Lopez-Moreno, F. Marzari, D. Moreau, C. Muller, C. Murray, G. Naletto, D. Nevejans, R. Ragazzoni, L. Sabau, A. Sanz, J.-P. Sivan, G. Tondello, “OSIRIS—the optical, spectroscopic and infrared remote imaging system for the Rosetta orbiter,” Adv. Space Res. 21, 1505–1515 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Koschny, D.

N. Thomas, H. U. Keller, E. Arijs, C. Barbieri, M. Grande, P. Lamy, H. Rickman, R. Rodrigo, K.-P. Wenzel, M. F. A’Hearn, F. Angrilli, M. Bailey, M. A. Barucci, J.-L. Bertaux, K. Briess, J. A. Burns, G. Cremonese, W. Curdt, H. Deceuninck, R. Emery, M. Festou, M. Fulle, W.-H. Ip, L. Jorda, A. Korth, D. Koschny, J.-R. Kramm, E. Kürt, M. L. Lara, A. Llebaria, J. J. Lopez-Moreno, F. Marzari, D. Moreau, C. Muller, C. Murray, G. Naletto, D. Nevejans, R. Ragazzoni, L. Sabau, A. Sanz, J.-P. Sivan, G. Tondello, “OSIRIS—the optical, spectroscopic and infrared remote imaging system for the Rosetta orbiter,” Adv. Space Res. 21, 1505–1515 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Kramm, J.-R.

N. Thomas, H. U. Keller, E. Arijs, C. Barbieri, M. Grande, P. Lamy, H. Rickman, R. Rodrigo, K.-P. Wenzel, M. F. A’Hearn, F. Angrilli, M. Bailey, M. A. Barucci, J.-L. Bertaux, K. Briess, J. A. Burns, G. Cremonese, W. Curdt, H. Deceuninck, R. Emery, M. Festou, M. Fulle, W.-H. Ip, L. Jorda, A. Korth, D. Koschny, J.-R. Kramm, E. Kürt, M. L. Lara, A. Llebaria, J. J. Lopez-Moreno, F. Marzari, D. Moreau, C. Muller, C. Murray, G. Naletto, D. Nevejans, R. Ragazzoni, L. Sabau, A. Sanz, J.-P. Sivan, G. Tondello, “OSIRIS—the optical, spectroscopic and infrared remote imaging system for the Rosetta orbiter,” Adv. Space Res. 21, 1505–1515 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Kürt, E.

N. Thomas, H. U. Keller, E. Arijs, C. Barbieri, M. Grande, P. Lamy, H. Rickman, R. Rodrigo, K.-P. Wenzel, M. F. A’Hearn, F. Angrilli, M. Bailey, M. A. Barucci, J.-L. Bertaux, K. Briess, J. A. Burns, G. Cremonese, W. Curdt, H. Deceuninck, R. Emery, M. Festou, M. Fulle, W.-H. Ip, L. Jorda, A. Korth, D. Koschny, J.-R. Kramm, E. Kürt, M. L. Lara, A. Llebaria, J. J. Lopez-Moreno, F. Marzari, D. Moreau, C. Muller, C. Murray, G. Naletto, D. Nevejans, R. Ragazzoni, L. Sabau, A. Sanz, J.-P. Sivan, G. Tondello, “OSIRIS—the optical, spectroscopic and infrared remote imaging system for the Rosetta orbiter,” Adv. Space Res. 21, 1505–1515 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Lamy, P.

N. Thomas, H. U. Keller, E. Arijs, C. Barbieri, M. Grande, P. Lamy, H. Rickman, R. Rodrigo, K.-P. Wenzel, M. F. A’Hearn, F. Angrilli, M. Bailey, M. A. Barucci, J.-L. Bertaux, K. Briess, J. A. Burns, G. Cremonese, W. Curdt, H. Deceuninck, R. Emery, M. Festou, M. Fulle, W.-H. Ip, L. Jorda, A. Korth, D. Koschny, J.-R. Kramm, E. Kürt, M. L. Lara, A. Llebaria, J. J. Lopez-Moreno, F. Marzari, D. Moreau, C. Muller, C. Murray, G. Naletto, D. Nevejans, R. Ragazzoni, L. Sabau, A. Sanz, J.-P. Sivan, G. Tondello, “OSIRIS—the optical, spectroscopic and infrared remote imaging system for the Rosetta orbiter,” Adv. Space Res. 21, 1505–1515 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Lara, M. L.

N. Thomas, H. U. Keller, E. Arijs, C. Barbieri, M. Grande, P. Lamy, H. Rickman, R. Rodrigo, K.-P. Wenzel, M. F. A’Hearn, F. Angrilli, M. Bailey, M. A. Barucci, J.-L. Bertaux, K. Briess, J. A. Burns, G. Cremonese, W. Curdt, H. Deceuninck, R. Emery, M. Festou, M. Fulle, W.-H. Ip, L. Jorda, A. Korth, D. Koschny, J.-R. Kramm, E. Kürt, M. L. Lara, A. Llebaria, J. J. Lopez-Moreno, F. Marzari, D. Moreau, C. Muller, C. Murray, G. Naletto, D. Nevejans, R. Ragazzoni, L. Sabau, A. Sanz, J.-P. Sivan, G. Tondello, “OSIRIS—the optical, spectroscopic and infrared remote imaging system for the Rosetta orbiter,” Adv. Space Res. 21, 1505–1515 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Laurence, R. J.

A. Bar-Num, A. Barucci, E. Bussoletti, A. Coradini, M. Coradini, J. Klinger, Y. Longherin, R. J. Laurence, J. A. M. Mc Donnel, A. Milani, B. Picardi, C. Pillinger, G. Schwen, D. Stoffer, H. Wänke, “Rosetta Comet Rendezvous Mission, study report of ESA,” ESA Publication SCI(93) (European Space Agency, Paris, 1993), Vol. 7.

Llebaria, A.

N. Thomas, H. U. Keller, E. Arijs, C. Barbieri, M. Grande, P. Lamy, H. Rickman, R. Rodrigo, K.-P. Wenzel, M. F. A’Hearn, F. Angrilli, M. Bailey, M. A. Barucci, J.-L. Bertaux, K. Briess, J. A. Burns, G. Cremonese, W. Curdt, H. Deceuninck, R. Emery, M. Festou, M. Fulle, W.-H. Ip, L. Jorda, A. Korth, D. Koschny, J.-R. Kramm, E. Kürt, M. L. Lara, A. Llebaria, J. J. Lopez-Moreno, F. Marzari, D. Moreau, C. Muller, C. Murray, G. Naletto, D. Nevejans, R. Ragazzoni, L. Sabau, A. Sanz, J.-P. Sivan, G. Tondello, “OSIRIS—the optical, spectroscopic and infrared remote imaging system for the Rosetta orbiter,” Adv. Space Res. 21, 1505–1515 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Longherin, Y.

A. Bar-Num, A. Barucci, E. Bussoletti, A. Coradini, M. Coradini, J. Klinger, Y. Longherin, R. J. Laurence, J. A. M. Mc Donnel, A. Milani, B. Picardi, C. Pillinger, G. Schwen, D. Stoffer, H. Wänke, “Rosetta Comet Rendezvous Mission, study report of ESA,” ESA Publication SCI(93) (European Space Agency, Paris, 1993), Vol. 7.

Lopez-Moreno, J. J.

N. Thomas, H. U. Keller, E. Arijs, C. Barbieri, M. Grande, P. Lamy, H. Rickman, R. Rodrigo, K.-P. Wenzel, M. F. A’Hearn, F. Angrilli, M. Bailey, M. A. Barucci, J.-L. Bertaux, K. Briess, J. A. Burns, G. Cremonese, W. Curdt, H. Deceuninck, R. Emery, M. Festou, M. Fulle, W.-H. Ip, L. Jorda, A. Korth, D. Koschny, J.-R. Kramm, E. Kürt, M. L. Lara, A. Llebaria, J. J. Lopez-Moreno, F. Marzari, D. Moreau, C. Muller, C. Murray, G. Naletto, D. Nevejans, R. Ragazzoni, L. Sabau, A. Sanz, J.-P. Sivan, G. Tondello, “OSIRIS—the optical, spectroscopic and infrared remote imaging system for the Rosetta orbiter,” Adv. Space Res. 21, 1505–1515 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Marchetti, E.

R. Ragazzoni, G. Naletto, M. Turatto, E. Marchetti, “Preliminary optical design for Plures and Rosetta,” in Ultraviolet Technology V, R. E. Huffman, C. G. Stergis, eds., Proc. SPIE2282, 162–168 (1994).
[CrossRef]

G. Naletto, E. Marchetti, R. Ragazzoni, “Two-mirror planetary camera with an off-Rowland UV spectrograph for the Rosetta mission,” in Space Telescopes and Instruments II, P. Y. Bely, J. B. Breckinridge, eds., Proc. SPIE2807, 238–247 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Marzari, F.

N. Thomas, H. U. Keller, E. Arijs, C. Barbieri, M. Grande, P. Lamy, H. Rickman, R. Rodrigo, K.-P. Wenzel, M. F. A’Hearn, F. Angrilli, M. Bailey, M. A. Barucci, J.-L. Bertaux, K. Briess, J. A. Burns, G. Cremonese, W. Curdt, H. Deceuninck, R. Emery, M. Festou, M. Fulle, W.-H. Ip, L. Jorda, A. Korth, D. Koschny, J.-R. Kramm, E. Kürt, M. L. Lara, A. Llebaria, J. J. Lopez-Moreno, F. Marzari, D. Moreau, C. Muller, C. Murray, G. Naletto, D. Nevejans, R. Ragazzoni, L. Sabau, A. Sanz, J.-P. Sivan, G. Tondello, “OSIRIS—the optical, spectroscopic and infrared remote imaging system for the Rosetta orbiter,” Adv. Space Res. 21, 1505–1515 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Mc Donnel, J. A. M.

A. Bar-Num, A. Barucci, E. Bussoletti, A. Coradini, M. Coradini, J. Klinger, Y. Longherin, R. J. Laurence, J. A. M. Mc Donnel, A. Milani, B. Picardi, C. Pillinger, G. Schwen, D. Stoffer, H. Wänke, “Rosetta Comet Rendezvous Mission, study report of ESA,” ESA Publication SCI(93) (European Space Agency, Paris, 1993), Vol. 7.

Milani, A.

A. Bar-Num, A. Barucci, E. Bussoletti, A. Coradini, M. Coradini, J. Klinger, Y. Longherin, R. J. Laurence, J. A. M. Mc Donnel, A. Milani, B. Picardi, C. Pillinger, G. Schwen, D. Stoffer, H. Wänke, “Rosetta Comet Rendezvous Mission, study report of ESA,” ESA Publication SCI(93) (European Space Agency, Paris, 1993), Vol. 7.

Moreau, D.

N. Thomas, H. U. Keller, E. Arijs, C. Barbieri, M. Grande, P. Lamy, H. Rickman, R. Rodrigo, K.-P. Wenzel, M. F. A’Hearn, F. Angrilli, M. Bailey, M. A. Barucci, J.-L. Bertaux, K. Briess, J. A. Burns, G. Cremonese, W. Curdt, H. Deceuninck, R. Emery, M. Festou, M. Fulle, W.-H. Ip, L. Jorda, A. Korth, D. Koschny, J.-R. Kramm, E. Kürt, M. L. Lara, A. Llebaria, J. J. Lopez-Moreno, F. Marzari, D. Moreau, C. Muller, C. Murray, G. Naletto, D. Nevejans, R. Ragazzoni, L. Sabau, A. Sanz, J.-P. Sivan, G. Tondello, “OSIRIS—the optical, spectroscopic and infrared remote imaging system for the Rosetta orbiter,” Adv. Space Res. 21, 1505–1515 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Muller, C.

N. Thomas, H. U. Keller, E. Arijs, C. Barbieri, M. Grande, P. Lamy, H. Rickman, R. Rodrigo, K.-P. Wenzel, M. F. A’Hearn, F. Angrilli, M. Bailey, M. A. Barucci, J.-L. Bertaux, K. Briess, J. A. Burns, G. Cremonese, W. Curdt, H. Deceuninck, R. Emery, M. Festou, M. Fulle, W.-H. Ip, L. Jorda, A. Korth, D. Koschny, J.-R. Kramm, E. Kürt, M. L. Lara, A. Llebaria, J. J. Lopez-Moreno, F. Marzari, D. Moreau, C. Muller, C. Murray, G. Naletto, D. Nevejans, R. Ragazzoni, L. Sabau, A. Sanz, J.-P. Sivan, G. Tondello, “OSIRIS—the optical, spectroscopic and infrared remote imaging system for the Rosetta orbiter,” Adv. Space Res. 21, 1505–1515 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Murray, C.

N. Thomas, H. U. Keller, E. Arijs, C. Barbieri, M. Grande, P. Lamy, H. Rickman, R. Rodrigo, K.-P. Wenzel, M. F. A’Hearn, F. Angrilli, M. Bailey, M. A. Barucci, J.-L. Bertaux, K. Briess, J. A. Burns, G. Cremonese, W. Curdt, H. Deceuninck, R. Emery, M. Festou, M. Fulle, W.-H. Ip, L. Jorda, A. Korth, D. Koschny, J.-R. Kramm, E. Kürt, M. L. Lara, A. Llebaria, J. J. Lopez-Moreno, F. Marzari, D. Moreau, C. Muller, C. Murray, G. Naletto, D. Nevejans, R. Ragazzoni, L. Sabau, A. Sanz, J.-P. Sivan, G. Tondello, “OSIRIS—the optical, spectroscopic and infrared remote imaging system for the Rosetta orbiter,” Adv. Space Res. 21, 1505–1515 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Naletto, G.

N. Thomas, H. U. Keller, E. Arijs, C. Barbieri, M. Grande, P. Lamy, H. Rickman, R. Rodrigo, K.-P. Wenzel, M. F. A’Hearn, F. Angrilli, M. Bailey, M. A. Barucci, J.-L. Bertaux, K. Briess, J. A. Burns, G. Cremonese, W. Curdt, H. Deceuninck, R. Emery, M. Festou, M. Fulle, W.-H. Ip, L. Jorda, A. Korth, D. Koschny, J.-R. Kramm, E. Kürt, M. L. Lara, A. Llebaria, J. J. Lopez-Moreno, F. Marzari, D. Moreau, C. Muller, C. Murray, G. Naletto, D. Nevejans, R. Ragazzoni, L. Sabau, A. Sanz, J.-P. Sivan, G. Tondello, “OSIRIS—the optical, spectroscopic and infrared remote imaging system for the Rosetta orbiter,” Adv. Space Res. 21, 1505–1515 (1998).
[CrossRef]

R. Ragazzoni, G. Naletto, M. Turatto, E. Marchetti, “Preliminary optical design for Plures and Rosetta,” in Ultraviolet Technology V, R. E. Huffman, C. G. Stergis, eds., Proc. SPIE2282, 162–168 (1994).
[CrossRef]

R. Ragazzoni, G. Naletto, C. Barbieri, G. Tondello, “An optical design for the Rosetta Wide Angle Camera,” in Space Telescopes and Instruments, P. Y. Bely, J. B. Breckinridge, eds., Proc. SPIE2478, 257–268 (1995).
[CrossRef]

G. Naletto, E. Marchetti, R. Ragazzoni, “Two-mirror planetary camera with an off-Rowland UV spectrograph for the Rosetta mission,” in Space Telescopes and Instruments II, P. Y. Bely, J. B. Breckinridge, eds., Proc. SPIE2807, 238–247 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Nevejans, D.

N. Thomas, H. U. Keller, E. Arijs, C. Barbieri, M. Grande, P. Lamy, H. Rickman, R. Rodrigo, K.-P. Wenzel, M. F. A’Hearn, F. Angrilli, M. Bailey, M. A. Barucci, J.-L. Bertaux, K. Briess, J. A. Burns, G. Cremonese, W. Curdt, H. Deceuninck, R. Emery, M. Festou, M. Fulle, W.-H. Ip, L. Jorda, A. Korth, D. Koschny, J.-R. Kramm, E. Kürt, M. L. Lara, A. Llebaria, J. J. Lopez-Moreno, F. Marzari, D. Moreau, C. Muller, C. Murray, G. Naletto, D. Nevejans, R. Ragazzoni, L. Sabau, A. Sanz, J.-P. Sivan, G. Tondello, “OSIRIS—the optical, spectroscopic and infrared remote imaging system for the Rosetta orbiter,” Adv. Space Res. 21, 1505–1515 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Picardi, B.

A. Bar-Num, A. Barucci, E. Bussoletti, A. Coradini, M. Coradini, J. Klinger, Y. Longherin, R. J. Laurence, J. A. M. Mc Donnel, A. Milani, B. Picardi, C. Pillinger, G. Schwen, D. Stoffer, H. Wänke, “Rosetta Comet Rendezvous Mission, study report of ESA,” ESA Publication SCI(93) (European Space Agency, Paris, 1993), Vol. 7.

Pillinger, C.

A. Bar-Num, A. Barucci, E. Bussoletti, A. Coradini, M. Coradini, J. Klinger, Y. Longherin, R. J. Laurence, J. A. M. Mc Donnel, A. Milani, B. Picardi, C. Pillinger, G. Schwen, D. Stoffer, H. Wänke, “Rosetta Comet Rendezvous Mission, study report of ESA,” ESA Publication SCI(93) (European Space Agency, Paris, 1993), Vol. 7.

Ragazzoni, R.

N. Thomas, H. U. Keller, E. Arijs, C. Barbieri, M. Grande, P. Lamy, H. Rickman, R. Rodrigo, K.-P. Wenzel, M. F. A’Hearn, F. Angrilli, M. Bailey, M. A. Barucci, J.-L. Bertaux, K. Briess, J. A. Burns, G. Cremonese, W. Curdt, H. Deceuninck, R. Emery, M. Festou, M. Fulle, W.-H. Ip, L. Jorda, A. Korth, D. Koschny, J.-R. Kramm, E. Kürt, M. L. Lara, A. Llebaria, J. J. Lopez-Moreno, F. Marzari, D. Moreau, C. Muller, C. Murray, G. Naletto, D. Nevejans, R. Ragazzoni, L. Sabau, A. Sanz, J.-P. Sivan, G. Tondello, “OSIRIS—the optical, spectroscopic and infrared remote imaging system for the Rosetta orbiter,” Adv. Space Res. 21, 1505–1515 (1998).
[CrossRef]

R. Ragazzoni, G. Naletto, M. Turatto, E. Marchetti, “Preliminary optical design for Plures and Rosetta,” in Ultraviolet Technology V, R. E. Huffman, C. G. Stergis, eds., Proc. SPIE2282, 162–168 (1994).
[CrossRef]

R. Ragazzoni, G. Naletto, C. Barbieri, G. Tondello, “An optical design for the Rosetta Wide Angle Camera,” in Space Telescopes and Instruments, P. Y. Bely, J. B. Breckinridge, eds., Proc. SPIE2478, 257–268 (1995).
[CrossRef]

G. Naletto, E. Marchetti, R. Ragazzoni, “Two-mirror planetary camera with an off-Rowland UV spectrograph for the Rosetta mission,” in Space Telescopes and Instruments II, P. Y. Bely, J. B. Breckinridge, eds., Proc. SPIE2807, 238–247 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Rickman, H.

N. Thomas, H. U. Keller, E. Arijs, C. Barbieri, M. Grande, P. Lamy, H. Rickman, R. Rodrigo, K.-P. Wenzel, M. F. A’Hearn, F. Angrilli, M. Bailey, M. A. Barucci, J.-L. Bertaux, K. Briess, J. A. Burns, G. Cremonese, W. Curdt, H. Deceuninck, R. Emery, M. Festou, M. Fulle, W.-H. Ip, L. Jorda, A. Korth, D. Koschny, J.-R. Kramm, E. Kürt, M. L. Lara, A. Llebaria, J. J. Lopez-Moreno, F. Marzari, D. Moreau, C. Muller, C. Murray, G. Naletto, D. Nevejans, R. Ragazzoni, L. Sabau, A. Sanz, J.-P. Sivan, G. Tondello, “OSIRIS—the optical, spectroscopic and infrared remote imaging system for the Rosetta orbiter,” Adv. Space Res. 21, 1505–1515 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Rodrigo, R.

N. Thomas, H. U. Keller, E. Arijs, C. Barbieri, M. Grande, P. Lamy, H. Rickman, R. Rodrigo, K.-P. Wenzel, M. F. A’Hearn, F. Angrilli, M. Bailey, M. A. Barucci, J.-L. Bertaux, K. Briess, J. A. Burns, G. Cremonese, W. Curdt, H. Deceuninck, R. Emery, M. Festou, M. Fulle, W.-H. Ip, L. Jorda, A. Korth, D. Koschny, J.-R. Kramm, E. Kürt, M. L. Lara, A. Llebaria, J. J. Lopez-Moreno, F. Marzari, D. Moreau, C. Muller, C. Murray, G. Naletto, D. Nevejans, R. Ragazzoni, L. Sabau, A. Sanz, J.-P. Sivan, G. Tondello, “OSIRIS—the optical, spectroscopic and infrared remote imaging system for the Rosetta orbiter,” Adv. Space Res. 21, 1505–1515 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Sabau, L.

N. Thomas, H. U. Keller, E. Arijs, C. Barbieri, M. Grande, P. Lamy, H. Rickman, R. Rodrigo, K.-P. Wenzel, M. F. A’Hearn, F. Angrilli, M. Bailey, M. A. Barucci, J.-L. Bertaux, K. Briess, J. A. Burns, G. Cremonese, W. Curdt, H. Deceuninck, R. Emery, M. Festou, M. Fulle, W.-H. Ip, L. Jorda, A. Korth, D. Koschny, J.-R. Kramm, E. Kürt, M. L. Lara, A. Llebaria, J. J. Lopez-Moreno, F. Marzari, D. Moreau, C. Muller, C. Murray, G. Naletto, D. Nevejans, R. Ragazzoni, L. Sabau, A. Sanz, J.-P. Sivan, G. Tondello, “OSIRIS—the optical, spectroscopic and infrared remote imaging system for the Rosetta orbiter,” Adv. Space Res. 21, 1505–1515 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Saisse, M.

K. Dohlen, M. Saisse, G. Claeysen, J.-L. Boit, “Optical designs for the Rosetta narrow-angle camera,” Opt. Eng. 35, 1150–1157 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Sanz, A.

N. Thomas, H. U. Keller, E. Arijs, C. Barbieri, M. Grande, P. Lamy, H. Rickman, R. Rodrigo, K.-P. Wenzel, M. F. A’Hearn, F. Angrilli, M. Bailey, M. A. Barucci, J.-L. Bertaux, K. Briess, J. A. Burns, G. Cremonese, W. Curdt, H. Deceuninck, R. Emery, M. Festou, M. Fulle, W.-H. Ip, L. Jorda, A. Korth, D. Koschny, J.-R. Kramm, E. Kürt, M. L. Lara, A. Llebaria, J. J. Lopez-Moreno, F. Marzari, D. Moreau, C. Muller, C. Murray, G. Naletto, D. Nevejans, R. Ragazzoni, L. Sabau, A. Sanz, J.-P. Sivan, G. Tondello, “OSIRIS—the optical, spectroscopic and infrared remote imaging system for the Rosetta orbiter,” Adv. Space Res. 21, 1505–1515 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Sasian, J. M.

J. M. Sasian, “Design of a Schwarzschild flat field, anastigmatic, unobstructed, wide-field telescope,” Opt. Eng. 29, 1–5 (1990).
[CrossRef]

Schroeder, D. J.

Schwen, G.

A. Bar-Num, A. Barucci, E. Bussoletti, A. Coradini, M. Coradini, J. Klinger, Y. Longherin, R. J. Laurence, J. A. M. Mc Donnel, A. Milani, B. Picardi, C. Pillinger, G. Schwen, D. Stoffer, H. Wänke, “Rosetta Comet Rendezvous Mission, study report of ESA,” ESA Publication SCI(93) (European Space Agency, Paris, 1993), Vol. 7.

Sivan, J.-P.

N. Thomas, H. U. Keller, E. Arijs, C. Barbieri, M. Grande, P. Lamy, H. Rickman, R. Rodrigo, K.-P. Wenzel, M. F. A’Hearn, F. Angrilli, M. Bailey, M. A. Barucci, J.-L. Bertaux, K. Briess, J. A. Burns, G. Cremonese, W. Curdt, H. Deceuninck, R. Emery, M. Festou, M. Fulle, W.-H. Ip, L. Jorda, A. Korth, D. Koschny, J.-R. Kramm, E. Kürt, M. L. Lara, A. Llebaria, J. J. Lopez-Moreno, F. Marzari, D. Moreau, C. Muller, C. Murray, G. Naletto, D. Nevejans, R. Ragazzoni, L. Sabau, A. Sanz, J.-P. Sivan, G. Tondello, “OSIRIS—the optical, spectroscopic and infrared remote imaging system for the Rosetta orbiter,” Adv. Space Res. 21, 1505–1515 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Spann, J. F.

D. G. Torr, M. R. Torr, M. Zukic, J. F. Spann, R. B. Johnson, “Ultraviolet imager for the International Solar Terrestrial Physics Mission,” Opt. Eng. 32, 3060–3068 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Stoffer, D.

A. Bar-Num, A. Barucci, E. Bussoletti, A. Coradini, M. Coradini, J. Klinger, Y. Longherin, R. J. Laurence, J. A. M. Mc Donnel, A. Milani, B. Picardi, C. Pillinger, G. Schwen, D. Stoffer, H. Wänke, “Rosetta Comet Rendezvous Mission, study report of ESA,” ESA Publication SCI(93) (European Space Agency, Paris, 1993), Vol. 7.

Thomas, N.

N. Thomas, H. U. Keller, E. Arijs, C. Barbieri, M. Grande, P. Lamy, H. Rickman, R. Rodrigo, K.-P. Wenzel, M. F. A’Hearn, F. Angrilli, M. Bailey, M. A. Barucci, J.-L. Bertaux, K. Briess, J. A. Burns, G. Cremonese, W. Curdt, H. Deceuninck, R. Emery, M. Festou, M. Fulle, W.-H. Ip, L. Jorda, A. Korth, D. Koschny, J.-R. Kramm, E. Kürt, M. L. Lara, A. Llebaria, J. J. Lopez-Moreno, F. Marzari, D. Moreau, C. Muller, C. Murray, G. Naletto, D. Nevejans, R. Ragazzoni, L. Sabau, A. Sanz, J.-P. Sivan, G. Tondello, “OSIRIS—the optical, spectroscopic and infrared remote imaging system for the Rosetta orbiter,” Adv. Space Res. 21, 1505–1515 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Tondello, G.

N. Thomas, H. U. Keller, E. Arijs, C. Barbieri, M. Grande, P. Lamy, H. Rickman, R. Rodrigo, K.-P. Wenzel, M. F. A’Hearn, F. Angrilli, M. Bailey, M. A. Barucci, J.-L. Bertaux, K. Briess, J. A. Burns, G. Cremonese, W. Curdt, H. Deceuninck, R. Emery, M. Festou, M. Fulle, W.-H. Ip, L. Jorda, A. Korth, D. Koschny, J.-R. Kramm, E. Kürt, M. L. Lara, A. Llebaria, J. J. Lopez-Moreno, F. Marzari, D. Moreau, C. Muller, C. Murray, G. Naletto, D. Nevejans, R. Ragazzoni, L. Sabau, A. Sanz, J.-P. Sivan, G. Tondello, “OSIRIS—the optical, spectroscopic and infrared remote imaging system for the Rosetta orbiter,” Adv. Space Res. 21, 1505–1515 (1998).
[CrossRef]

R. Ragazzoni, G. Naletto, C. Barbieri, G. Tondello, “An optical design for the Rosetta Wide Angle Camera,” in Space Telescopes and Instruments, P. Y. Bely, J. B. Breckinridge, eds., Proc. SPIE2478, 257–268 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Torr, D. G.

D. G. Torr, M. R. Torr, M. Zukic, J. F. Spann, R. B. Johnson, “Ultraviolet imager for the International Solar Terrestrial Physics Mission,” Opt. Eng. 32, 3060–3068 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Torr, M. R.

D. G. Torr, M. R. Torr, M. Zukic, J. F. Spann, R. B. Johnson, “Ultraviolet imager for the International Solar Terrestrial Physics Mission,” Opt. Eng. 32, 3060–3068 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Turatto, M.

R. Ragazzoni, G. Naletto, M. Turatto, E. Marchetti, “Preliminary optical design for Plures and Rosetta,” in Ultraviolet Technology V, R. E. Huffman, C. G. Stergis, eds., Proc. SPIE2282, 162–168 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Wänke, H.

A. Bar-Num, A. Barucci, E. Bussoletti, A. Coradini, M. Coradini, J. Klinger, Y. Longherin, R. J. Laurence, J. A. M. Mc Donnel, A. Milani, B. Picardi, C. Pillinger, G. Schwen, D. Stoffer, H. Wänke, “Rosetta Comet Rendezvous Mission, study report of ESA,” ESA Publication SCI(93) (European Space Agency, Paris, 1993), Vol. 7.

Wenzel, K.-P.

N. Thomas, H. U. Keller, E. Arijs, C. Barbieri, M. Grande, P. Lamy, H. Rickman, R. Rodrigo, K.-P. Wenzel, M. F. A’Hearn, F. Angrilli, M. Bailey, M. A. Barucci, J.-L. Bertaux, K. Briess, J. A. Burns, G. Cremonese, W. Curdt, H. Deceuninck, R. Emery, M. Festou, M. Fulle, W.-H. Ip, L. Jorda, A. Korth, D. Koschny, J.-R. Kramm, E. Kürt, M. L. Lara, A. Llebaria, J. J. Lopez-Moreno, F. Marzari, D. Moreau, C. Muller, C. Murray, G. Naletto, D. Nevejans, R. Ragazzoni, L. Sabau, A. Sanz, J.-P. Sivan, G. Tondello, “OSIRIS—the optical, spectroscopic and infrared remote imaging system for the Rosetta orbiter,” Adv. Space Res. 21, 1505–1515 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Zukic, M.

D. G. Torr, M. R. Torr, M. Zukic, J. F. Spann, R. B. Johnson, “Ultraviolet imager for the International Solar Terrestrial Physics Mission,” Opt. Eng. 32, 3060–3068 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Adv. Space Res.

N. Thomas, H. U. Keller, E. Arijs, C. Barbieri, M. Grande, P. Lamy, H. Rickman, R. Rodrigo, K.-P. Wenzel, M. F. A’Hearn, F. Angrilli, M. Bailey, M. A. Barucci, J.-L. Bertaux, K. Briess, J. A. Burns, G. Cremonese, W. Curdt, H. Deceuninck, R. Emery, M. Festou, M. Fulle, W.-H. Ip, L. Jorda, A. Korth, D. Koschny, J.-R. Kramm, E. Kürt, M. L. Lara, A. Llebaria, J. J. Lopez-Moreno, F. Marzari, D. Moreau, C. Muller, C. Murray, G. Naletto, D. Nevejans, R. Ragazzoni, L. Sabau, A. Sanz, J.-P. Sivan, G. Tondello, “OSIRIS—the optical, spectroscopic and infrared remote imaging system for the Rosetta orbiter,” Adv. Space Res. 21, 1505–1515 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Appl. Opt.

Opt. Eng.

R. B. Johnson, “Wide field of view three-mirror telescopes having a common optical axis,” Opt. Eng. 27, 1046–1050 (1988).
[CrossRef]

K. Dohlen, M. Saisse, G. Claeysen, J.-L. Boit, “Optical designs for the Rosetta narrow-angle camera,” Opt. Eng. 35, 1150–1157 (1996).
[CrossRef]

D. G. Torr, M. R. Torr, M. Zukic, J. F. Spann, R. B. Johnson, “Ultraviolet imager for the International Solar Terrestrial Physics Mission,” Opt. Eng. 32, 3060–3068 (1993).
[CrossRef]

J. M. Sasian, “Design of a Schwarzschild flat field, anastigmatic, unobstructed, wide-field telescope,” Opt. Eng. 29, 1–5 (1990).
[CrossRef]

Other

G. Naletto, E. Marchetti, R. Ragazzoni, “Two-mirror planetary camera with an off-Rowland UV spectrograph for the Rosetta mission,” in Space Telescopes and Instruments II, P. Y. Bely, J. B. Breckinridge, eds., Proc. SPIE2807, 238–247 (1996).
[CrossRef]

R. Ragazzoni, G. Naletto, M. Turatto, E. Marchetti, “Preliminary optical design for Plures and Rosetta,” in Ultraviolet Technology V, R. E. Huffman, C. G. Stergis, eds., Proc. SPIE2282, 162–168 (1994).
[CrossRef]

R. Ragazzoni, G. Naletto, C. Barbieri, G. Tondello, “An optical design for the Rosetta Wide Angle Camera,” in Space Telescopes and Instruments, P. Y. Bely, J. B. Breckinridge, eds., Proc. SPIE2478, 257–268 (1995).
[CrossRef]

The name OSIRIS has been maintained since the time when spectroscopic and infrared imaging capabilities of the instrument were also foreseen.

A. G. Dall’Era, “Wide angle, reflective optical systems for infrared applications,” in Lens and Optical System Design, H. Zuegge, ed., Proc. SPIE1780, 817–824 (1992).

A. Bar-Num, A. Barucci, E. Bussoletti, A. Coradini, M. Coradini, J. Klinger, Y. Longherin, R. J. Laurence, J. A. M. Mc Donnel, A. Milani, B. Picardi, C. Pillinger, G. Schwen, D. Stoffer, H. Wänke, “Rosetta Comet Rendezvous Mission, study report of ESA,” ESA Publication SCI(93) (European Space Agency, Paris, 1993), Vol. 7.

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Figures (7)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

WAC F/3.2 layout. In the drawing, M1, M2, and M3 identify the three mirrors of the camera, and D shows the detector position.

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

WAC F/3.2 spot diagrams. The represented spots refer to the center, the edges, and the corners of the whole 18° × 18° FoV. The boxes overlapping the spots correspond to the actual pixel size of the detector (12-µm squared in size).

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

WAC layout. In the drawing, M1 and M2 identify the two mirrors of the camera, and D shows the detector position. The optical axis is drawn together with the adopted orthogonal reference system.

Fig. 4
Fig. 4

WAC spot diagrams. The represented spots refer to the center, the edges, and the corners of the whole 12° × 12° FoV. The boxes overlapping the spots correspond to the actual pixel size of the detector (13.5 µm squared size).

Fig. 5
Fig. 5

Plot of the percentage of the collimated beam energy falling in a squared box of specified half-size. This plot shows that the percentage of energy falling in a single pixel of the detector (6.75-µm half-size) is always of the order of 90%.

Fig. 6
Fig. 6

Plots of the camera PSF profiles evaluated at λ = 387.5 nm along two perpendicular directions: (a) in the tangential plane, (b) in the sagittal one.

Fig. 7
Fig. 7

Anamorphic magnification of the WAC: In this drawing, the grid corresponds to the ideal nondistorted image; the crosses, to the actual position of the grid vertex as imaged by the camera.

Tables (5)

Tables Icon

Table 1 Original Scientific Requirements of the WAC

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Table 2 Mirror Parameters of the WAC F/3.2 Configuration

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Table 3 Main Characteristics of the WAC Final Design

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Table 4 Main Optical Parameters of the WAC Final Designa

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Table 5 Alignment and In-Flight Tolerances of the WAC

Equations (1)

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t=Δzo1-1/n,

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