Abstract

The sensitivity of a new algorithm for cloud detection over a sea surface has been assessed on the basis of extensive simulations of clear and cloudy radiance spectra, including water and ice and low- and high-altitude clouds. The new algorithm makes use of autocorrelation and cross correlation between an observed spectrum and either a synthetic or a laboratory spectrum and can be used to determine quantitatively the degree of homogeneity of two spectra in the 800–900-cm-1 region (11.11–12.5 µm). The scheme is intended for high-spectral-resolution observations and could form the basis for an operational stand-alone cloud-detection algorithm for next-generation sounding spectrometers. Application of the scheme to real observations is presented and discussed.

© 2002 Optical Society of America

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