Abstract

A variable attenuator for terahertz (THz) pulses is developed on the basis of the change in reflectivity of lithium niobate wafers with incident angle in a Brewster configuration. We can vary the THz field transmission from 22% to 54%, a change of a factor of 2.5, while preserving the shape of the THz pulse spectrum. Changes in the THz spectrum are shown to be much smaller when the Brewster attenuator is used than when either the near-infrared pump power or the bias voltage on a THz photoconductive antenna is varied. The Brewster attenuator should prove especially useful for varying THz field strength in nonlinear optical studies that use broadband THz pulses.

© 2002 Optical Society of America

PDF Article

References

  • View by:
  • |
  • |
  • |

  1. S. Winnerl, E. Schomburg, S. Brandl, O. Kus, K. F. Renk, M. C. Wanke, S. J. Allen, A. A. Ignatov, V. Ustinov, A. Zhukov, P. S. Kop’ev, “Frequency doubling and tripling of terahertz radiation in a GaAs/AlAs superlattice due to frequency modulation of Bloch oscillations,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 77, 1259–1261 (2000).
    [CrossRef]
  2. F. Keilmann, “Nonlinear far-infrared spectroscopy of solids,” Infrared Phys. 31, 373–380 (1991).
    [CrossRef]
  3. Ch. Fattinger, D. Grischkowsky, “Terahertz beams,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 54, 490–492 (1989).
    [CrossRef]
  4. M. van Exter, Ch. Fattinger, D. Grischkowsky, “High-brightness terahertz beams characterized with an ultrafast detector,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 55, 337–339 (1989).
    [CrossRef]
  5. D. Grischkowsky, “Nonlinear generation of sub-psec pulses of THz electromagnetic radiation by optoelectronics—applications to time-domain spectroscopy,” in Frontiers in Nonlinear Optics, H. Walther, N. Koroteev, M. O. Scully, eds. (Institute of Physics, Bristol, UK, 1993), pp. 196–227.
  6. C. Raman, C. W. S. Conover, C. I. Sukenik, P. H. Bucksbaum, “Ionization of Rydberg wave packets by subpicosecond, half-cycle electromagnetic pulses,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 76, 2436–2439 (1996).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  7. D. M. Mittleman, R. H. Jacobsen, M. C. Nuss, “T-ray imaging,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 2, 679–692 (1996).
    [CrossRef]
  8. V. K. Thormsølle, R. D. Averitt, M. P. Maley, L. N. Bulaevskii, C. Helm, A. J. Taylor, “C-axis Josephson plasma resonance observed in Tl2Ba2CaCu2O8 superconducting thin films by use of terahertz time-domain spectroscopy,” Opt. Lett. 26, 1292–1294 (2001).
    [CrossRef]
  9. R. A. Cheville, D. Grischkowsky, “Observation of pure rotational absorption spectra in the ν2 band of hot H2O in flames,” Opt. Lett. 23, 531–533 (1998).
    [CrossRef]
  10. Z. Jiang, M. Li, X.-C. Zhang, “Dielectric constant measurement of thin films by differential time-domain spectroscopy,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 76, 3221–3223 (2000).
    [CrossRef]
  11. M. C. Beard, G. M. Turner, C. A. Schmuttenmaer, “Transient photoconductivity in GaAs as measured by time-resolved terahertz spectroscopy,” Phys. Rev. B. 62, 15764–15777 (2000).
    [CrossRef]
  12. S. Nashima, O. Morikawa, K. Takata, M. Hangyo, “Temperature dependence of optical and electronic properties of moderately doped silicon at terahertz frequencies,” J. Appl. Phys. 90, 837–842 (2001).
    [CrossRef]
  13. D. J. Cook, J. X. Chen, E. A. Morlino, R. M. Hochstrasser, “Terahertz-field-induced second-harmonic generation measurements of liquid dynamics,” Chem. Phys. Lett. 309, 221–228 (1999).
    [CrossRef]
  14. E. Budiarto, J. Margolies, S. Jeong, J. Son, J. Bokor, “High-intensity terahertz pulses at 1-kHz repetition rate,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 32, 1830–1846 (1996).
    [CrossRef]
  15. J. N. Heyman, K. Craig, B. Galdrikian, M. S. Sherwin, K. Campman, P. F. Hopkins, S. Fafard, A. C. Gossard, “Resonant harmonic generation and dynamic screening in a double quantum well,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 72, 2183–2186 (1994).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  16. D. You, R. R. Jones, P. H. Bucksbaum, D. R. Dykaar, “Generation of high-power sub-single-cycle 500-fs electromagnetic pulses,” Opt. Lett. 18, 290–292 (1993).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  17. K. Sakai, L. Genzel, “Far infrared metal mesh filters and Fabry–Perot interferometry,” in Reviews of Infrared and Millimeter Waves, K. J. Button, ed. (Plenum, New York, 1983), Vol. 1, pp. 155–247.
  18. F. Keilmann, “Precision broadband far-infrared attenuator,” in Far-Infrared Science and Technology, J. R. Izatt, ed., Proc. SPIE666, 213–218 (1986).
  19. I. H. Libon, S. Baumgärtner, M. Hempel, N. E. Hecker, J. Feldmann, M. Koch, P. Dawson, “An optically controllable terahertz filter,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 76, 2821–2823 (2000).
    [CrossRef]
  20. P. R. Smith, D. H. Auston, M. C. Nuss, “Subpicosecond photoconducting dipole antennas,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 24, 255–260 (1988).
    [CrossRef]
  21. M. Tani, S. Matsuura, K. Sakai, S. Nakashima, “Emission characteristics of photoconductive antennas based on low-temperature-grown GaAs and semi-insulating GaAs,” Appl. Opt. 36, 7853–7859 (1997).
    [CrossRef]
  22. P. Uhd Jepsen, R. H. Jacobsen, S. R. Keiding, “Generation and detection of terahertz pulses from biased semiconductor antennas,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 13, 2424–2436 (1996).
    [CrossRef]
  23. J. E. Pedersen, V. G. Lyssenko, J. M. Hvam, P. Uhd Jepsen, S. R. Keiding, C. B. Sørensen, P. E. Lindelof, “Ultrafast local field dynamics in photoconductive THz antennas,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 62, 1265–1267 (1993).
    [CrossRef]
  24. J. D. Jackson, Classical Electrodynamics (Wiley, New York, 1975).
  25. J. P. Taché, “Intracavity skew-Brewster-angle plates as a calibrated attenuator for gas lasers,” J. Phys. D 19, 943–956 (1986).
    [CrossRef]
  26. H. J. Bakker, S. Hunsche, H. Kurz, “Investigation of anharmonic lattice vibrations with coherent phonon polaritons,” Phys. Rev. B 50, 914–920 (1994).
    [CrossRef]
  27. M. Schall, H. Helm, S. R. Keiding, “Far infrared properties of electro-optic crystals measured by THz time-domain spectroscopy,” Int. J. Infrared Millim Waves 20, 595–604 (1999).
    [CrossRef]
  28. J. Shikata, K. Kawase, K. Karino, T. Taniuchi, H. Ito, “Tunable terahertz-wave parametric oscillators using LiNbO3 and MgO:LiNbO3 crystals,” IEEE Trans. Microwave Theory Tech. 48, 653–661 (2000).
    [CrossRef]
  29. E. D. Palik, “Lithium niobate (LiNbO3),” in Handbook of Optical Constants of Solids, E. D. Palik, ed. (Academic, Orlando, Fla., 1985), pp. 695–702.
  30. A. M. Prokhorov, Y. S. Kuz’minov, Physics and Chemistry of Crystalline Lithium Niobate (Institute of Physics, Bristol, UK, 1990).
  31. P. W. Milonni, J. H. Eberly, Lasers (Wiley, New York, 1988).
  32. E. D. Palik, “Gallium arsenide (GaAs),” in Handbook of Optical Constants of Solids, E. D. Palik, ed. (Academic, Orlando, Fla., 1985), pp. 429–443.

2001 (2)

S. Nashima, O. Morikawa, K. Takata, M. Hangyo, “Temperature dependence of optical and electronic properties of moderately doped silicon at terahertz frequencies,” J. Appl. Phys. 90, 837–842 (2001).
[CrossRef]

V. K. Thormsølle, R. D. Averitt, M. P. Maley, L. N. Bulaevskii, C. Helm, A. J. Taylor, “C-axis Josephson plasma resonance observed in Tl2Ba2CaCu2O8 superconducting thin films by use of terahertz time-domain spectroscopy,” Opt. Lett. 26, 1292–1294 (2001).
[CrossRef]

2000 (5)

J. Shikata, K. Kawase, K. Karino, T. Taniuchi, H. Ito, “Tunable terahertz-wave parametric oscillators using LiNbO3 and MgO:LiNbO3 crystals,” IEEE Trans. Microwave Theory Tech. 48, 653–661 (2000).
[CrossRef]

I. H. Libon, S. Baumgärtner, M. Hempel, N. E. Hecker, J. Feldmann, M. Koch, P. Dawson, “An optically controllable terahertz filter,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 76, 2821–2823 (2000).
[CrossRef]

S. Winnerl, E. Schomburg, S. Brandl, O. Kus, K. F. Renk, M. C. Wanke, S. J. Allen, A. A. Ignatov, V. Ustinov, A. Zhukov, P. S. Kop’ev, “Frequency doubling and tripling of terahertz radiation in a GaAs/AlAs superlattice due to frequency modulation of Bloch oscillations,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 77, 1259–1261 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Z. Jiang, M. Li, X.-C. Zhang, “Dielectric constant measurement of thin films by differential time-domain spectroscopy,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 76, 3221–3223 (2000).
[CrossRef]

M. C. Beard, G. M. Turner, C. A. Schmuttenmaer, “Transient photoconductivity in GaAs as measured by time-resolved terahertz spectroscopy,” Phys. Rev. B. 62, 15764–15777 (2000).
[CrossRef]

1999 (2)

D. J. Cook, J. X. Chen, E. A. Morlino, R. M. Hochstrasser, “Terahertz-field-induced second-harmonic generation measurements of liquid dynamics,” Chem. Phys. Lett. 309, 221–228 (1999).
[CrossRef]

M. Schall, H. Helm, S. R. Keiding, “Far infrared properties of electro-optic crystals measured by THz time-domain spectroscopy,” Int. J. Infrared Millim Waves 20, 595–604 (1999).
[CrossRef]

1998 (1)

1997 (1)

1996 (4)

P. Uhd Jepsen, R. H. Jacobsen, S. R. Keiding, “Generation and detection of terahertz pulses from biased semiconductor antennas,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 13, 2424–2436 (1996).
[CrossRef]

E. Budiarto, J. Margolies, S. Jeong, J. Son, J. Bokor, “High-intensity terahertz pulses at 1-kHz repetition rate,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 32, 1830–1846 (1996).
[CrossRef]

C. Raman, C. W. S. Conover, C. I. Sukenik, P. H. Bucksbaum, “Ionization of Rydberg wave packets by subpicosecond, half-cycle electromagnetic pulses,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 76, 2436–2439 (1996).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

D. M. Mittleman, R. H. Jacobsen, M. C. Nuss, “T-ray imaging,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 2, 679–692 (1996).
[CrossRef]

1994 (2)

J. N. Heyman, K. Craig, B. Galdrikian, M. S. Sherwin, K. Campman, P. F. Hopkins, S. Fafard, A. C. Gossard, “Resonant harmonic generation and dynamic screening in a double quantum well,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 72, 2183–2186 (1994).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

H. J. Bakker, S. Hunsche, H. Kurz, “Investigation of anharmonic lattice vibrations with coherent phonon polaritons,” Phys. Rev. B 50, 914–920 (1994).
[CrossRef]

1993 (2)

D. You, R. R. Jones, P. H. Bucksbaum, D. R. Dykaar, “Generation of high-power sub-single-cycle 500-fs electromagnetic pulses,” Opt. Lett. 18, 290–292 (1993).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

J. E. Pedersen, V. G. Lyssenko, J. M. Hvam, P. Uhd Jepsen, S. R. Keiding, C. B. Sørensen, P. E. Lindelof, “Ultrafast local field dynamics in photoconductive THz antennas,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 62, 1265–1267 (1993).
[CrossRef]

1991 (1)

F. Keilmann, “Nonlinear far-infrared spectroscopy of solids,” Infrared Phys. 31, 373–380 (1991).
[CrossRef]

1989 (2)

Ch. Fattinger, D. Grischkowsky, “Terahertz beams,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 54, 490–492 (1989).
[CrossRef]

M. van Exter, Ch. Fattinger, D. Grischkowsky, “High-brightness terahertz beams characterized with an ultrafast detector,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 55, 337–339 (1989).
[CrossRef]

1988 (1)

P. R. Smith, D. H. Auston, M. C. Nuss, “Subpicosecond photoconducting dipole antennas,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 24, 255–260 (1988).
[CrossRef]

1986 (1)

J. P. Taché, “Intracavity skew-Brewster-angle plates as a calibrated attenuator for gas lasers,” J. Phys. D 19, 943–956 (1986).
[CrossRef]

Allen, S. J.

S. Winnerl, E. Schomburg, S. Brandl, O. Kus, K. F. Renk, M. C. Wanke, S. J. Allen, A. A. Ignatov, V. Ustinov, A. Zhukov, P. S. Kop’ev, “Frequency doubling and tripling of terahertz radiation in a GaAs/AlAs superlattice due to frequency modulation of Bloch oscillations,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 77, 1259–1261 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Auston, D. H.

P. R. Smith, D. H. Auston, M. C. Nuss, “Subpicosecond photoconducting dipole antennas,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 24, 255–260 (1988).
[CrossRef]

Averitt, R. D.

Bakker, H. J.

H. J. Bakker, S. Hunsche, H. Kurz, “Investigation of anharmonic lattice vibrations with coherent phonon polaritons,” Phys. Rev. B 50, 914–920 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Baumgärtner, S.

I. H. Libon, S. Baumgärtner, M. Hempel, N. E. Hecker, J. Feldmann, M. Koch, P. Dawson, “An optically controllable terahertz filter,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 76, 2821–2823 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Beard, M. C.

M. C. Beard, G. M. Turner, C. A. Schmuttenmaer, “Transient photoconductivity in GaAs as measured by time-resolved terahertz spectroscopy,” Phys. Rev. B. 62, 15764–15777 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Bokor, J.

E. Budiarto, J. Margolies, S. Jeong, J. Son, J. Bokor, “High-intensity terahertz pulses at 1-kHz repetition rate,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 32, 1830–1846 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Brandl, S.

S. Winnerl, E. Schomburg, S. Brandl, O. Kus, K. F. Renk, M. C. Wanke, S. J. Allen, A. A. Ignatov, V. Ustinov, A. Zhukov, P. S. Kop’ev, “Frequency doubling and tripling of terahertz radiation in a GaAs/AlAs superlattice due to frequency modulation of Bloch oscillations,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 77, 1259–1261 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Bucksbaum, P. H.

C. Raman, C. W. S. Conover, C. I. Sukenik, P. H. Bucksbaum, “Ionization of Rydberg wave packets by subpicosecond, half-cycle electromagnetic pulses,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 76, 2436–2439 (1996).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

D. You, R. R. Jones, P. H. Bucksbaum, D. R. Dykaar, “Generation of high-power sub-single-cycle 500-fs electromagnetic pulses,” Opt. Lett. 18, 290–292 (1993).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Budiarto, E.

E. Budiarto, J. Margolies, S. Jeong, J. Son, J. Bokor, “High-intensity terahertz pulses at 1-kHz repetition rate,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 32, 1830–1846 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Bulaevskii, L. N.

Campman, K.

J. N. Heyman, K. Craig, B. Galdrikian, M. S. Sherwin, K. Campman, P. F. Hopkins, S. Fafard, A. C. Gossard, “Resonant harmonic generation and dynamic screening in a double quantum well,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 72, 2183–2186 (1994).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Chen, J. X.

D. J. Cook, J. X. Chen, E. A. Morlino, R. M. Hochstrasser, “Terahertz-field-induced second-harmonic generation measurements of liquid dynamics,” Chem. Phys. Lett. 309, 221–228 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Cheville, R. A.

Conover, C. W. S.

C. Raman, C. W. S. Conover, C. I. Sukenik, P. H. Bucksbaum, “Ionization of Rydberg wave packets by subpicosecond, half-cycle electromagnetic pulses,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 76, 2436–2439 (1996).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Cook, D. J.

D. J. Cook, J. X. Chen, E. A. Morlino, R. M. Hochstrasser, “Terahertz-field-induced second-harmonic generation measurements of liquid dynamics,” Chem. Phys. Lett. 309, 221–228 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Craig, K.

J. N. Heyman, K. Craig, B. Galdrikian, M. S. Sherwin, K. Campman, P. F. Hopkins, S. Fafard, A. C. Gossard, “Resonant harmonic generation and dynamic screening in a double quantum well,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 72, 2183–2186 (1994).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Dawson, P.

I. H. Libon, S. Baumgärtner, M. Hempel, N. E. Hecker, J. Feldmann, M. Koch, P. Dawson, “An optically controllable terahertz filter,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 76, 2821–2823 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Dykaar, D. R.

Eberly, J. H.

P. W. Milonni, J. H. Eberly, Lasers (Wiley, New York, 1988).

Fafard, S.

J. N. Heyman, K. Craig, B. Galdrikian, M. S. Sherwin, K. Campman, P. F. Hopkins, S. Fafard, A. C. Gossard, “Resonant harmonic generation and dynamic screening in a double quantum well,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 72, 2183–2186 (1994).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Fattinger, Ch.

Ch. Fattinger, D. Grischkowsky, “Terahertz beams,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 54, 490–492 (1989).
[CrossRef]

M. van Exter, Ch. Fattinger, D. Grischkowsky, “High-brightness terahertz beams characterized with an ultrafast detector,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 55, 337–339 (1989).
[CrossRef]

Feldmann, J.

I. H. Libon, S. Baumgärtner, M. Hempel, N. E. Hecker, J. Feldmann, M. Koch, P. Dawson, “An optically controllable terahertz filter,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 76, 2821–2823 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Galdrikian, B.

J. N. Heyman, K. Craig, B. Galdrikian, M. S. Sherwin, K. Campman, P. F. Hopkins, S. Fafard, A. C. Gossard, “Resonant harmonic generation and dynamic screening in a double quantum well,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 72, 2183–2186 (1994).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Genzel, L.

K. Sakai, L. Genzel, “Far infrared metal mesh filters and Fabry–Perot interferometry,” in Reviews of Infrared and Millimeter Waves, K. J. Button, ed. (Plenum, New York, 1983), Vol. 1, pp. 155–247.

Gossard, A. C.

J. N. Heyman, K. Craig, B. Galdrikian, M. S. Sherwin, K. Campman, P. F. Hopkins, S. Fafard, A. C. Gossard, “Resonant harmonic generation and dynamic screening in a double quantum well,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 72, 2183–2186 (1994).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Grischkowsky, D.

R. A. Cheville, D. Grischkowsky, “Observation of pure rotational absorption spectra in the ν2 band of hot H2O in flames,” Opt. Lett. 23, 531–533 (1998).
[CrossRef]

M. van Exter, Ch. Fattinger, D. Grischkowsky, “High-brightness terahertz beams characterized with an ultrafast detector,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 55, 337–339 (1989).
[CrossRef]

Ch. Fattinger, D. Grischkowsky, “Terahertz beams,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 54, 490–492 (1989).
[CrossRef]

D. Grischkowsky, “Nonlinear generation of sub-psec pulses of THz electromagnetic radiation by optoelectronics—applications to time-domain spectroscopy,” in Frontiers in Nonlinear Optics, H. Walther, N. Koroteev, M. O. Scully, eds. (Institute of Physics, Bristol, UK, 1993), pp. 196–227.

Hangyo, M.

S. Nashima, O. Morikawa, K. Takata, M. Hangyo, “Temperature dependence of optical and electronic properties of moderately doped silicon at terahertz frequencies,” J. Appl. Phys. 90, 837–842 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Hecker, N. E.

I. H. Libon, S. Baumgärtner, M. Hempel, N. E. Hecker, J. Feldmann, M. Koch, P. Dawson, “An optically controllable terahertz filter,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 76, 2821–2823 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Helm, C.

Helm, H.

M. Schall, H. Helm, S. R. Keiding, “Far infrared properties of electro-optic crystals measured by THz time-domain spectroscopy,” Int. J. Infrared Millim Waves 20, 595–604 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Hempel, M.

I. H. Libon, S. Baumgärtner, M. Hempel, N. E. Hecker, J. Feldmann, M. Koch, P. Dawson, “An optically controllable terahertz filter,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 76, 2821–2823 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Heyman, J. N.

J. N. Heyman, K. Craig, B. Galdrikian, M. S. Sherwin, K. Campman, P. F. Hopkins, S. Fafard, A. C. Gossard, “Resonant harmonic generation and dynamic screening in a double quantum well,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 72, 2183–2186 (1994).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Hochstrasser, R. M.

D. J. Cook, J. X. Chen, E. A. Morlino, R. M. Hochstrasser, “Terahertz-field-induced second-harmonic generation measurements of liquid dynamics,” Chem. Phys. Lett. 309, 221–228 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Hopkins, P. F.

J. N. Heyman, K. Craig, B. Galdrikian, M. S. Sherwin, K. Campman, P. F. Hopkins, S. Fafard, A. C. Gossard, “Resonant harmonic generation and dynamic screening in a double quantum well,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 72, 2183–2186 (1994).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Hunsche, S.

H. J. Bakker, S. Hunsche, H. Kurz, “Investigation of anharmonic lattice vibrations with coherent phonon polaritons,” Phys. Rev. B 50, 914–920 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Hvam, J. M.

J. E. Pedersen, V. G. Lyssenko, J. M. Hvam, P. Uhd Jepsen, S. R. Keiding, C. B. Sørensen, P. E. Lindelof, “Ultrafast local field dynamics in photoconductive THz antennas,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 62, 1265–1267 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Ignatov, A. A.

S. Winnerl, E. Schomburg, S. Brandl, O. Kus, K. F. Renk, M. C. Wanke, S. J. Allen, A. A. Ignatov, V. Ustinov, A. Zhukov, P. S. Kop’ev, “Frequency doubling and tripling of terahertz radiation in a GaAs/AlAs superlattice due to frequency modulation of Bloch oscillations,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 77, 1259–1261 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Ito, H.

J. Shikata, K. Kawase, K. Karino, T. Taniuchi, H. Ito, “Tunable terahertz-wave parametric oscillators using LiNbO3 and MgO:LiNbO3 crystals,” IEEE Trans. Microwave Theory Tech. 48, 653–661 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Jackson, J. D.

J. D. Jackson, Classical Electrodynamics (Wiley, New York, 1975).

Jacobsen, R. H.

Jeong, S.

E. Budiarto, J. Margolies, S. Jeong, J. Son, J. Bokor, “High-intensity terahertz pulses at 1-kHz repetition rate,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 32, 1830–1846 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Jiang, Z.

Z. Jiang, M. Li, X.-C. Zhang, “Dielectric constant measurement of thin films by differential time-domain spectroscopy,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 76, 3221–3223 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Jones, R. R.

Karino, K.

J. Shikata, K. Kawase, K. Karino, T. Taniuchi, H. Ito, “Tunable terahertz-wave parametric oscillators using LiNbO3 and MgO:LiNbO3 crystals,” IEEE Trans. Microwave Theory Tech. 48, 653–661 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Kawase, K.

J. Shikata, K. Kawase, K. Karino, T. Taniuchi, H. Ito, “Tunable terahertz-wave parametric oscillators using LiNbO3 and MgO:LiNbO3 crystals,” IEEE Trans. Microwave Theory Tech. 48, 653–661 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Keiding, S. R.

M. Schall, H. Helm, S. R. Keiding, “Far infrared properties of electro-optic crystals measured by THz time-domain spectroscopy,” Int. J. Infrared Millim Waves 20, 595–604 (1999).
[CrossRef]

P. Uhd Jepsen, R. H. Jacobsen, S. R. Keiding, “Generation and detection of terahertz pulses from biased semiconductor antennas,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 13, 2424–2436 (1996).
[CrossRef]

J. E. Pedersen, V. G. Lyssenko, J. M. Hvam, P. Uhd Jepsen, S. R. Keiding, C. B. Sørensen, P. E. Lindelof, “Ultrafast local field dynamics in photoconductive THz antennas,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 62, 1265–1267 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Keilmann, F.

F. Keilmann, “Nonlinear far-infrared spectroscopy of solids,” Infrared Phys. 31, 373–380 (1991).
[CrossRef]

F. Keilmann, “Precision broadband far-infrared attenuator,” in Far-Infrared Science and Technology, J. R. Izatt, ed., Proc. SPIE666, 213–218 (1986).

Koch, M.

I. H. Libon, S. Baumgärtner, M. Hempel, N. E. Hecker, J. Feldmann, M. Koch, P. Dawson, “An optically controllable terahertz filter,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 76, 2821–2823 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Kop’ev, P. S.

S. Winnerl, E. Schomburg, S. Brandl, O. Kus, K. F. Renk, M. C. Wanke, S. J. Allen, A. A. Ignatov, V. Ustinov, A. Zhukov, P. S. Kop’ev, “Frequency doubling and tripling of terahertz radiation in a GaAs/AlAs superlattice due to frequency modulation of Bloch oscillations,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 77, 1259–1261 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Kurz, H.

H. J. Bakker, S. Hunsche, H. Kurz, “Investigation of anharmonic lattice vibrations with coherent phonon polaritons,” Phys. Rev. B 50, 914–920 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Kus, O.

S. Winnerl, E. Schomburg, S. Brandl, O. Kus, K. F. Renk, M. C. Wanke, S. J. Allen, A. A. Ignatov, V. Ustinov, A. Zhukov, P. S. Kop’ev, “Frequency doubling and tripling of terahertz radiation in a GaAs/AlAs superlattice due to frequency modulation of Bloch oscillations,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 77, 1259–1261 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Kuz’minov, Y. S.

A. M. Prokhorov, Y. S. Kuz’minov, Physics and Chemistry of Crystalline Lithium Niobate (Institute of Physics, Bristol, UK, 1990).

Li, M.

Z. Jiang, M. Li, X.-C. Zhang, “Dielectric constant measurement of thin films by differential time-domain spectroscopy,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 76, 3221–3223 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Libon, I. H.

I. H. Libon, S. Baumgärtner, M. Hempel, N. E. Hecker, J. Feldmann, M. Koch, P. Dawson, “An optically controllable terahertz filter,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 76, 2821–2823 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Lindelof, P. E.

J. E. Pedersen, V. G. Lyssenko, J. M. Hvam, P. Uhd Jepsen, S. R. Keiding, C. B. Sørensen, P. E. Lindelof, “Ultrafast local field dynamics in photoconductive THz antennas,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 62, 1265–1267 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Lyssenko, V. G.

J. E. Pedersen, V. G. Lyssenko, J. M. Hvam, P. Uhd Jepsen, S. R. Keiding, C. B. Sørensen, P. E. Lindelof, “Ultrafast local field dynamics in photoconductive THz antennas,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 62, 1265–1267 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Maley, M. P.

Margolies, J.

E. Budiarto, J. Margolies, S. Jeong, J. Son, J. Bokor, “High-intensity terahertz pulses at 1-kHz repetition rate,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 32, 1830–1846 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Matsuura, S.

Milonni, P. W.

P. W. Milonni, J. H. Eberly, Lasers (Wiley, New York, 1988).

Mittleman, D. M.

D. M. Mittleman, R. H. Jacobsen, M. C. Nuss, “T-ray imaging,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 2, 679–692 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Morikawa, O.

S. Nashima, O. Morikawa, K. Takata, M. Hangyo, “Temperature dependence of optical and electronic properties of moderately doped silicon at terahertz frequencies,” J. Appl. Phys. 90, 837–842 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Morlino, E. A.

D. J. Cook, J. X. Chen, E. A. Morlino, R. M. Hochstrasser, “Terahertz-field-induced second-harmonic generation measurements of liquid dynamics,” Chem. Phys. Lett. 309, 221–228 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Nakashima, S.

Nashima, S.

S. Nashima, O. Morikawa, K. Takata, M. Hangyo, “Temperature dependence of optical and electronic properties of moderately doped silicon at terahertz frequencies,” J. Appl. Phys. 90, 837–842 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Nuss, M. C.

D. M. Mittleman, R. H. Jacobsen, M. C. Nuss, “T-ray imaging,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 2, 679–692 (1996).
[CrossRef]

P. R. Smith, D. H. Auston, M. C. Nuss, “Subpicosecond photoconducting dipole antennas,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 24, 255–260 (1988).
[CrossRef]

Palik, E. D.

E. D. Palik, “Lithium niobate (LiNbO3),” in Handbook of Optical Constants of Solids, E. D. Palik, ed. (Academic, Orlando, Fla., 1985), pp. 695–702.

E. D. Palik, “Gallium arsenide (GaAs),” in Handbook of Optical Constants of Solids, E. D. Palik, ed. (Academic, Orlando, Fla., 1985), pp. 429–443.

Pedersen, J. E.

J. E. Pedersen, V. G. Lyssenko, J. M. Hvam, P. Uhd Jepsen, S. R. Keiding, C. B. Sørensen, P. E. Lindelof, “Ultrafast local field dynamics in photoconductive THz antennas,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 62, 1265–1267 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Prokhorov, A. M.

A. M. Prokhorov, Y. S. Kuz’minov, Physics and Chemistry of Crystalline Lithium Niobate (Institute of Physics, Bristol, UK, 1990).

Raman, C.

C. Raman, C. W. S. Conover, C. I. Sukenik, P. H. Bucksbaum, “Ionization of Rydberg wave packets by subpicosecond, half-cycle electromagnetic pulses,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 76, 2436–2439 (1996).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Renk, K. F.

S. Winnerl, E. Schomburg, S. Brandl, O. Kus, K. F. Renk, M. C. Wanke, S. J. Allen, A. A. Ignatov, V. Ustinov, A. Zhukov, P. S. Kop’ev, “Frequency doubling and tripling of terahertz radiation in a GaAs/AlAs superlattice due to frequency modulation of Bloch oscillations,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 77, 1259–1261 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Sakai, K.

M. Tani, S. Matsuura, K. Sakai, S. Nakashima, “Emission characteristics of photoconductive antennas based on low-temperature-grown GaAs and semi-insulating GaAs,” Appl. Opt. 36, 7853–7859 (1997).
[CrossRef]

K. Sakai, L. Genzel, “Far infrared metal mesh filters and Fabry–Perot interferometry,” in Reviews of Infrared and Millimeter Waves, K. J. Button, ed. (Plenum, New York, 1983), Vol. 1, pp. 155–247.

Schall, M.

M. Schall, H. Helm, S. R. Keiding, “Far infrared properties of electro-optic crystals measured by THz time-domain spectroscopy,” Int. J. Infrared Millim Waves 20, 595–604 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Schmuttenmaer, C. A.

M. C. Beard, G. M. Turner, C. A. Schmuttenmaer, “Transient photoconductivity in GaAs as measured by time-resolved terahertz spectroscopy,” Phys. Rev. B. 62, 15764–15777 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Schomburg, E.

S. Winnerl, E. Schomburg, S. Brandl, O. Kus, K. F. Renk, M. C. Wanke, S. J. Allen, A. A. Ignatov, V. Ustinov, A. Zhukov, P. S. Kop’ev, “Frequency doubling and tripling of terahertz radiation in a GaAs/AlAs superlattice due to frequency modulation of Bloch oscillations,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 77, 1259–1261 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Sherwin, M. S.

J. N. Heyman, K. Craig, B. Galdrikian, M. S. Sherwin, K. Campman, P. F. Hopkins, S. Fafard, A. C. Gossard, “Resonant harmonic generation and dynamic screening in a double quantum well,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 72, 2183–2186 (1994).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Shikata, J.

J. Shikata, K. Kawase, K. Karino, T. Taniuchi, H. Ito, “Tunable terahertz-wave parametric oscillators using LiNbO3 and MgO:LiNbO3 crystals,” IEEE Trans. Microwave Theory Tech. 48, 653–661 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Smith, P. R.

P. R. Smith, D. H. Auston, M. C. Nuss, “Subpicosecond photoconducting dipole antennas,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 24, 255–260 (1988).
[CrossRef]

Son, J.

E. Budiarto, J. Margolies, S. Jeong, J. Son, J. Bokor, “High-intensity terahertz pulses at 1-kHz repetition rate,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 32, 1830–1846 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Sørensen, C. B.

J. E. Pedersen, V. G. Lyssenko, J. M. Hvam, P. Uhd Jepsen, S. R. Keiding, C. B. Sørensen, P. E. Lindelof, “Ultrafast local field dynamics in photoconductive THz antennas,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 62, 1265–1267 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Sukenik, C. I.

C. Raman, C. W. S. Conover, C. I. Sukenik, P. H. Bucksbaum, “Ionization of Rydberg wave packets by subpicosecond, half-cycle electromagnetic pulses,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 76, 2436–2439 (1996).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Taché, J. P.

J. P. Taché, “Intracavity skew-Brewster-angle plates as a calibrated attenuator for gas lasers,” J. Phys. D 19, 943–956 (1986).
[CrossRef]

Takata, K.

S. Nashima, O. Morikawa, K. Takata, M. Hangyo, “Temperature dependence of optical and electronic properties of moderately doped silicon at terahertz frequencies,” J. Appl. Phys. 90, 837–842 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Tani, M.

Taniuchi, T.

J. Shikata, K. Kawase, K. Karino, T. Taniuchi, H. Ito, “Tunable terahertz-wave parametric oscillators using LiNbO3 and MgO:LiNbO3 crystals,” IEEE Trans. Microwave Theory Tech. 48, 653–661 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Taylor, A. J.

Thormsølle, V. K.

Turner, G. M.

M. C. Beard, G. M. Turner, C. A. Schmuttenmaer, “Transient photoconductivity in GaAs as measured by time-resolved terahertz spectroscopy,” Phys. Rev. B. 62, 15764–15777 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Uhd Jepsen, P.

P. Uhd Jepsen, R. H. Jacobsen, S. R. Keiding, “Generation and detection of terahertz pulses from biased semiconductor antennas,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 13, 2424–2436 (1996).
[CrossRef]

J. E. Pedersen, V. G. Lyssenko, J. M. Hvam, P. Uhd Jepsen, S. R. Keiding, C. B. Sørensen, P. E. Lindelof, “Ultrafast local field dynamics in photoconductive THz antennas,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 62, 1265–1267 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Ustinov, V.

S. Winnerl, E. Schomburg, S. Brandl, O. Kus, K. F. Renk, M. C. Wanke, S. J. Allen, A. A. Ignatov, V. Ustinov, A. Zhukov, P. S. Kop’ev, “Frequency doubling and tripling of terahertz radiation in a GaAs/AlAs superlattice due to frequency modulation of Bloch oscillations,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 77, 1259–1261 (2000).
[CrossRef]

van Exter, M.

M. van Exter, Ch. Fattinger, D. Grischkowsky, “High-brightness terahertz beams characterized with an ultrafast detector,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 55, 337–339 (1989).
[CrossRef]

Wanke, M. C.

S. Winnerl, E. Schomburg, S. Brandl, O. Kus, K. F. Renk, M. C. Wanke, S. J. Allen, A. A. Ignatov, V. Ustinov, A. Zhukov, P. S. Kop’ev, “Frequency doubling and tripling of terahertz radiation in a GaAs/AlAs superlattice due to frequency modulation of Bloch oscillations,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 77, 1259–1261 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Winnerl, S.

S. Winnerl, E. Schomburg, S. Brandl, O. Kus, K. F. Renk, M. C. Wanke, S. J. Allen, A. A. Ignatov, V. Ustinov, A. Zhukov, P. S. Kop’ev, “Frequency doubling and tripling of terahertz radiation in a GaAs/AlAs superlattice due to frequency modulation of Bloch oscillations,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 77, 1259–1261 (2000).
[CrossRef]

You, D.

Zhang, X.-C.

Z. Jiang, M. Li, X.-C. Zhang, “Dielectric constant measurement of thin films by differential time-domain spectroscopy,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 76, 3221–3223 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Zhukov, A.

S. Winnerl, E. Schomburg, S. Brandl, O. Kus, K. F. Renk, M. C. Wanke, S. J. Allen, A. A. Ignatov, V. Ustinov, A. Zhukov, P. S. Kop’ev, “Frequency doubling and tripling of terahertz radiation in a GaAs/AlAs superlattice due to frequency modulation of Bloch oscillations,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 77, 1259–1261 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Appl. Opt. (1)

Appl. Phys. Lett. (6)

S. Winnerl, E. Schomburg, S. Brandl, O. Kus, K. F. Renk, M. C. Wanke, S. J. Allen, A. A. Ignatov, V. Ustinov, A. Zhukov, P. S. Kop’ev, “Frequency doubling and tripling of terahertz radiation in a GaAs/AlAs superlattice due to frequency modulation of Bloch oscillations,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 77, 1259–1261 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Ch. Fattinger, D. Grischkowsky, “Terahertz beams,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 54, 490–492 (1989).
[CrossRef]

M. van Exter, Ch. Fattinger, D. Grischkowsky, “High-brightness terahertz beams characterized with an ultrafast detector,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 55, 337–339 (1989).
[CrossRef]

Z. Jiang, M. Li, X.-C. Zhang, “Dielectric constant measurement of thin films by differential time-domain spectroscopy,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 76, 3221–3223 (2000).
[CrossRef]

I. H. Libon, S. Baumgärtner, M. Hempel, N. E. Hecker, J. Feldmann, M. Koch, P. Dawson, “An optically controllable terahertz filter,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 76, 2821–2823 (2000).
[CrossRef]

J. E. Pedersen, V. G. Lyssenko, J. M. Hvam, P. Uhd Jepsen, S. R. Keiding, C. B. Sørensen, P. E. Lindelof, “Ultrafast local field dynamics in photoconductive THz antennas,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 62, 1265–1267 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Chem. Phys. Lett. (1)

D. J. Cook, J. X. Chen, E. A. Morlino, R. M. Hochstrasser, “Terahertz-field-induced second-harmonic generation measurements of liquid dynamics,” Chem. Phys. Lett. 309, 221–228 (1999).
[CrossRef]

IEEE J. Quantum Electron. (2)

E. Budiarto, J. Margolies, S. Jeong, J. Son, J. Bokor, “High-intensity terahertz pulses at 1-kHz repetition rate,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 32, 1830–1846 (1996).
[CrossRef]

P. R. Smith, D. H. Auston, M. C. Nuss, “Subpicosecond photoconducting dipole antennas,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 24, 255–260 (1988).
[CrossRef]

IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. (1)

D. M. Mittleman, R. H. Jacobsen, M. C. Nuss, “T-ray imaging,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 2, 679–692 (1996).
[CrossRef]

IEEE Trans. Microwave Theory Tech. (1)

J. Shikata, K. Kawase, K. Karino, T. Taniuchi, H. Ito, “Tunable terahertz-wave parametric oscillators using LiNbO3 and MgO:LiNbO3 crystals,” IEEE Trans. Microwave Theory Tech. 48, 653–661 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Infrared Phys. (1)

F. Keilmann, “Nonlinear far-infrared spectroscopy of solids,” Infrared Phys. 31, 373–380 (1991).
[CrossRef]

Int. J. Infrared Millim Waves (1)

M. Schall, H. Helm, S. R. Keiding, “Far infrared properties of electro-optic crystals measured by THz time-domain spectroscopy,” Int. J. Infrared Millim Waves 20, 595–604 (1999).
[CrossRef]

J. Appl. Phys. (1)

S. Nashima, O. Morikawa, K. Takata, M. Hangyo, “Temperature dependence of optical and electronic properties of moderately doped silicon at terahertz frequencies,” J. Appl. Phys. 90, 837–842 (2001).
[CrossRef]

J. Opt. Soc. Am. B (1)

J. Phys. D (1)

J. P. Taché, “Intracavity skew-Brewster-angle plates as a calibrated attenuator for gas lasers,” J. Phys. D 19, 943–956 (1986).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Lett. (3)

Phys. Rev. B (1)

H. J. Bakker, S. Hunsche, H. Kurz, “Investigation of anharmonic lattice vibrations with coherent phonon polaritons,” Phys. Rev. B 50, 914–920 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Phys. Rev. B. (1)

M. C. Beard, G. M. Turner, C. A. Schmuttenmaer, “Transient photoconductivity in GaAs as measured by time-resolved terahertz spectroscopy,” Phys. Rev. B. 62, 15764–15777 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Phys. Rev. Lett. (2)

C. Raman, C. W. S. Conover, C. I. Sukenik, P. H. Bucksbaum, “Ionization of Rydberg wave packets by subpicosecond, half-cycle electromagnetic pulses,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 76, 2436–2439 (1996).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

J. N. Heyman, K. Craig, B. Galdrikian, M. S. Sherwin, K. Campman, P. F. Hopkins, S. Fafard, A. C. Gossard, “Resonant harmonic generation and dynamic screening in a double quantum well,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 72, 2183–2186 (1994).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Other (8)

K. Sakai, L. Genzel, “Far infrared metal mesh filters and Fabry–Perot interferometry,” in Reviews of Infrared and Millimeter Waves, K. J. Button, ed. (Plenum, New York, 1983), Vol. 1, pp. 155–247.

F. Keilmann, “Precision broadband far-infrared attenuator,” in Far-Infrared Science and Technology, J. R. Izatt, ed., Proc. SPIE666, 213–218 (1986).

J. D. Jackson, Classical Electrodynamics (Wiley, New York, 1975).

D. Grischkowsky, “Nonlinear generation of sub-psec pulses of THz electromagnetic radiation by optoelectronics—applications to time-domain spectroscopy,” in Frontiers in Nonlinear Optics, H. Walther, N. Koroteev, M. O. Scully, eds. (Institute of Physics, Bristol, UK, 1993), pp. 196–227.

E. D. Palik, “Lithium niobate (LiNbO3),” in Handbook of Optical Constants of Solids, E. D. Palik, ed. (Academic, Orlando, Fla., 1985), pp. 695–702.

A. M. Prokhorov, Y. S. Kuz’minov, Physics and Chemistry of Crystalline Lithium Niobate (Institute of Physics, Bristol, UK, 1990).

P. W. Milonni, J. H. Eberly, Lasers (Wiley, New York, 1988).

E. D. Palik, “Gallium arsenide (GaAs),” in Handbook of Optical Constants of Solids, E. D. Palik, ed. (Academic, Orlando, Fla., 1985), pp. 429–443.

Cited By

OSA participates in CrossRef's Cited-By Linking service. Citing articles from OSA journals and other participating publishers are listed here.

Alert me when this article is cited.


Metrics