Abstract

We report on a 1-W injection-locked cw titanium:sapphire ring laser at 846 nm. Single-frequency operation requires only a few milliwatts of injected power. This relatively simple and inexpensive system can be used for watt-level single-frequency lasers across most of the titanium:sapphire gain region. A brief review of injection-locking theory is given, and conclusions based on this theory indicate ways to improve the performance of the system.

© 2002 Optical Society of America

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    [CrossRef]
  6. C. C. Harb, T. C. Ralph, E. H. Huntington, I. Freitag, D. E. McClelland, H.-A. Bachor, “Intensity-noise properties of injection-locked lasers,” Phys. Rev. A 54, 4370–4382 (2000).
    [CrossRef]
  7. D. J. Ottaway, P. J. Veitich, C. Hollitt, D. Mudge, M. W. Hamilton, J. Munch, “Frequency and intensity noise of an injection-locked Nd:YAG ring laser,” Appl. Phys. B 71, 163–168 (2000).
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    [CrossRef]
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  21. S. D. Bergeson, A. Balakrishnan, K. G. H. Baldwin, T. B. Lucatorto, J. P. Marangos, T. J. McIlrath, T. R. O’Brian, S. L. Rolston, C. J. Sansonetti, J. Wen, N. Westbrook, C. H. Cheng, E. E. Eyler, “Measurement of the He ground state Lamb shift via the two-photon 11S-21S transition,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 80, 3475–3478 (1998).
    [CrossRef]
  22. P. Albers, E. Stark, G. Huber, “Continuous-wave laser operation and quantum efficiency of titanium-doped sapphire,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B. 3, 134–139 (1986).
    [CrossRef]
  23. P. A. Schulz, “Single-frequency Ti:Al2O3 ring laser,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 24, 1039–1044 (1988).
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  26. Our extended cavity laser is a Vortex laser from New Focus Corp., 5215 Hellyer Ave., Suite 100, San Jose, Calif. 95138–1001.
  27. H. W. Kogelnik, E. P. Ippen, A. Dienes, C. V. Shank, “Astigmatically compensated cavities for cw dye lasers,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. QE-8, 373–379 (1972).
    [CrossRef]
  28. R. W. P. Drever, J. L. Hall, F. B. Kowalski, J. Hough, G. M. Ford, A. J. Munley, H. Ward, “Laser phase and frequency stabilization using an optical resonator,” Appl. Phys. B. 31, 97–105 (1983).
    [CrossRef]

2000 (3)

C. C. Harb, T. C. Ralph, E. H. Huntington, I. Freitag, D. E. McClelland, H.-A. Bachor, “Intensity-noise properties of injection-locked lasers,” Phys. Rev. A 54, 4370–4382 (2000).
[CrossRef]

D. J. Ottaway, P. J. Veitich, C. Hollitt, D. Mudge, M. W. Hamilton, J. Munch, “Frequency and intensity noise of an injection-locked Nd:YAG ring laser,” Appl. Phys. B 71, 163–168 (2000).
[CrossRef]

R. F. Teehan, J. C. Bienfang, C. A. Denman, “Power-scaling and frequency stabilization of an injection-locked Nd:YAG rod laser,” Appl. Opt. 39, 3076–3084 (2000).
[CrossRef]

1999 (2)

G. Ferrari, M.-O. Mewes, F. Schreck, C. Salomon, “High-power multiple-frequency narrow-linewidth laser source based on a semiconductor tapered amplifier,” Opt. Lett. 24, 151–153 (1999).
[CrossRef]

C. W. Oates, F. Bondu, R. W. Fox, L. Hollberg, “A diode-laser optical frequency standard based on laser-cooled Ca atoms: sub-kilohertz spectroscopy by optical shelving detection,” Eur. Phys. J. D 7, 449–460 (1999).
[CrossRef]

1998 (5)

1997 (1)

K. S. E. Eikema, W. Ubachs, W. Vassen, W. Hogervorst, “Lamb shift measurement in the 1 1S ground state of helium,” Phys. Rev. A 55, 1866–1884 (1997).
[CrossRef]

1995 (2)

1993 (1)

L. Goldberg, L. E. Busse, D. Mehuys, “High power continuous wave blue light generation in KNbO3 using semiconductor amplifier seeded by a laser diode,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 63, 2237–2329 (1993).
[CrossRef]

1991 (1)

1989 (1)

1988 (2)

C. H. Bair, P. Brockman, R. V. Hess, E. A. Moldin, “Demonstration of frequency control and cw diode laser injection control of a titanium-doped sapphire ring laser with no internal optical elements,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 24, 1045–1048 (1988).
[CrossRef]

P. A. Schulz, “Single-frequency Ti:Al2O3 ring laser,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 24, 1039–1044 (1988).
[CrossRef]

1987 (1)

L. Goldberg, J. F. Weller, “Injection locking and single-mode fiber coupling of a 40-element laser diode array,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 50, 1713–1715 (1987).
[CrossRef]

1986 (1)

P. Albers, E. Stark, G. Huber, “Continuous-wave laser operation and quantum efficiency of titanium-doped sapphire,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B. 3, 134–139 (1986).
[CrossRef]

1985 (1)

1984 (2)

1983 (1)

R. W. P. Drever, J. L. Hall, F. B. Kowalski, J. Hough, G. M. Ford, A. J. Munley, H. Ward, “Laser phase and frequency stabilization using an optical resonator,” Appl. Phys. B. 31, 97–105 (1983).
[CrossRef]

1981 (1)

T. Urisu, T. Sugeta, Y. Mizushima, K. Tsunenari, “Stabilized injection locking light amplification of a 1.15-µm He–Ne laser,” J. Appl. Phys. 52, 3154–3158 (1981).
[CrossRef]

1972 (1)

H. W. Kogelnik, E. P. Ippen, A. Dienes, C. V. Shank, “Astigmatically compensated cavities for cw dye lasers,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. QE-8, 373–379 (1972).
[CrossRef]

Albers, P.

P. Albers, E. Stark, G. Huber, “Continuous-wave laser operation and quantum efficiency of titanium-doped sapphire,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B. 3, 134–139 (1986).
[CrossRef]

Bachor, H.-A.

C. C. Harb, T. C. Ralph, E. H. Huntington, I. Freitag, D. E. McClelland, H.-A. Bachor, “Intensity-noise properties of injection-locked lasers,” Phys. Rev. A 54, 4370–4382 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Bair, C. H.

C. H. Bair, P. Brockman, R. V. Hess, E. A. Moldin, “Demonstration of frequency control and cw diode laser injection control of a titanium-doped sapphire ring laser with no internal optical elements,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 24, 1045–1048 (1988).
[CrossRef]

Balakrishnan, A.

S. D. Bergeson, A. Balakrishnan, K. G. H. Baldwin, T. B. Lucatorto, J. P. Marangos, T. J. McIlrath, T. R. O’Brian, S. L. Rolston, C. J. Sansonetti, J. Wen, N. Westbrook, C. H. Cheng, E. E. Eyler, “Measurement of the He ground state Lamb shift via the two-photon 11S-21S transition,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 80, 3475–3478 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Baldwin, K. G. H.

S. D. Bergeson, A. Balakrishnan, K. G. H. Baldwin, T. B. Lucatorto, J. P. Marangos, T. J. McIlrath, T. R. O’Brian, S. L. Rolston, C. J. Sansonetti, J. Wen, N. Westbrook, C. H. Cheng, E. E. Eyler, “Measurement of the He ground state Lamb shift via the two-photon 11S-21S transition,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 80, 3475–3478 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Bergeson, S. D.

S. D. Bergeson, A. Balakrishnan, K. G. H. Baldwin, T. B. Lucatorto, J. P. Marangos, T. J. McIlrath, T. R. O’Brian, S. L. Rolston, C. J. Sansonetti, J. Wen, N. Westbrook, C. H. Cheng, E. E. Eyler, “Measurement of the He ground state Lamb shift via the two-photon 11S-21S transition,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 80, 3475–3478 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Bienfang, J. C.

Bondu, F.

C. W. Oates, F. Bondu, R. W. Fox, L. Hollberg, “A diode-laser optical frequency standard based on laser-cooled Ca atoms: sub-kilohertz spectroscopy by optical shelving detection,” Eur. Phys. J. D 7, 449–460 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Brillet, A.

Brockman, P.

C. H. Bair, P. Brockman, R. V. Hess, E. A. Moldin, “Demonstration of frequency control and cw diode laser injection control of a titanium-doped sapphire ring laser with no internal optical elements,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 24, 1045–1048 (1988).
[CrossRef]

Busse, L. E.

L. Goldberg, L. E. Busse, D. Mehuys, “High power continuous wave blue light generation in KNbO3 using semiconductor amplifier seeded by a laser diode,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 63, 2237–2329 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Byer, R. L.

Cheng, C. H.

S. D. Bergeson, A. Balakrishnan, K. G. H. Baldwin, T. B. Lucatorto, J. P. Marangos, T. J. McIlrath, T. R. O’Brian, S. L. Rolston, C. J. Sansonetti, J. Wen, N. Westbrook, C. H. Cheng, E. E. Eyler, “Measurement of the He ground state Lamb shift via the two-photon 11S-21S transition,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 80, 3475–3478 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Couillaud, B.

Day, T.

Denman, C. A.

Dienes, A.

H. W. Kogelnik, E. P. Ippen, A. Dienes, C. V. Shank, “Astigmatically compensated cavities for cw dye lasers,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. QE-8, 373–379 (1972).
[CrossRef]

Drever, R. W. P.

R. W. P. Drever, J. L. Hall, F. B. Kowalski, J. Hough, G. M. Ford, A. J. Munley, H. Ward, “Laser phase and frequency stabilization using an optical resonator,” Appl. Phys. B. 31, 97–105 (1983).
[CrossRef]

Ducasse, A.

Eikema, K. S. E.

K. S. E. Eikema, W. Ubachs, W. Vassen, W. Hogervorst, “Lamb shift measurement in the 1 1S ground state of helium,” Phys. Rev. A 55, 1866–1884 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Ewart, R.

Eyler, E. E.

S. D. Bergeson, A. Balakrishnan, K. G. H. Baldwin, T. B. Lucatorto, J. P. Marangos, T. J. McIlrath, T. R. O’Brian, S. L. Rolston, C. J. Sansonetti, J. Wen, N. Westbrook, C. H. Cheng, E. E. Eyler, “Measurement of the He ground state Lamb shift via the two-photon 11S-21S transition,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 80, 3475–3478 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Farinas, A. D.

Fejer, M. M.

Ferrari, G.

Finch, A.

Fischer, T.

M. Praeger, V. Vuletic, T. Fischer, T. W. Hänsch, C. Zimmermann, “A broad emitter diode laser system for lithium spectroscopy,” Appl. Phys. B 67, 163–166 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Ford, G. M.

R. W. P. Drever, J. L. Hall, F. B. Kowalski, J. Hough, G. M. Ford, A. J. Munley, H. Ward, “Laser phase and frequency stabilization using an optical resonator,” Appl. Phys. B. 31, 97–105 (1983).
[CrossRef]

Fox, R. W.

C. W. Oates, F. Bondu, R. W. Fox, L. Hollberg, “A diode-laser optical frequency standard based on laser-cooled Ca atoms: sub-kilohertz spectroscopy by optical shelving detection,” Eur. Phys. J. D 7, 449–460 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Freitag, I.

C. C. Harb, T. C. Ralph, E. H. Huntington, I. Freitag, D. E. McClelland, H.-A. Bachor, “Intensity-noise properties of injection-locked lasers,” Phys. Rev. A 54, 4370–4382 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Freysz, E.

Goldberg, L.

L. Goldberg, L. E. Busse, D. Mehuys, “High power continuous wave blue light generation in KNbO3 using semiconductor amplifier seeded by a laser diode,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 63, 2237–2329 (1993).
[CrossRef]

L. Goldberg, J. F. Weller, “Injection locking and single-mode fiber coupling of a 40-element laser diode array,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 50, 1713–1715 (1987).
[CrossRef]

Gustafson, E. K.

Hall, J. L.

R. W. P. Drever, J. L. Hall, F. B. Kowalski, J. Hough, G. M. Ford, A. J. Munley, H. Ward, “Laser phase and frequency stabilization using an optical resonator,” Appl. Phys. B. 31, 97–105 (1983).
[CrossRef]

Hamilton, M. W.

D. J. Ottaway, P. J. Veitich, C. Hollitt, D. Mudge, M. W. Hamilton, J. Munch, “Frequency and intensity noise of an injection-locked Nd:YAG ring laser,” Appl. Phys. B 71, 163–168 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Hänch, T. W.

Hänsch, T. W.

M. Praeger, V. Vuletic, T. Fischer, T. W. Hänsch, C. Zimmermann, “A broad emitter diode laser system for lithium spectroscopy,” Appl. Phys. B 67, 163–166 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Harb, C. C.

Harrison, J.

Hemmerich, A.

Hess, R. V.

C. H. Bair, P. Brockman, R. V. Hess, E. A. Moldin, “Demonstration of frequency control and cw diode laser injection control of a titanium-doped sapphire ring laser with no internal optical elements,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 24, 1045–1048 (1988).
[CrossRef]

Hogervorst, W.

K. S. E. Eikema, W. Ubachs, W. Vassen, W. Hogervorst, “Lamb shift measurement in the 1 1S ground state of helium,” Phys. Rev. A 55, 1866–1884 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Hollberg, L.

C. W. Oates, F. Bondu, R. W. Fox, L. Hollberg, “A diode-laser optical frequency standard based on laser-cooled Ca atoms: sub-kilohertz spectroscopy by optical shelving detection,” Eur. Phys. J. D 7, 449–460 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Hollitt, C.

D. J. Ottaway, P. J. Veitich, C. Hollitt, D. Mudge, M. W. Hamilton, J. Munch, “Frequency and intensity noise of an injection-locked Nd:YAG ring laser,” Appl. Phys. B 71, 163–168 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Hough, J.

Huber, G.

P. Albers, E. Stark, G. Huber, “Continuous-wave laser operation and quantum efficiency of titanium-doped sapphire,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B. 3, 134–139 (1986).
[CrossRef]

Huntington, E. H.

Ippen, E. P.

H. W. Kogelnik, E. P. Ippen, A. Dienes, C. V. Shank, “Astigmatically compensated cavities for cw dye lasers,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. QE-8, 373–379 (1972).
[CrossRef]

Kimble, H. J.

Kogelnik, H. W.

H. W. Kogelnik, E. P. Ippen, A. Dienes, C. V. Shank, “Astigmatically compensated cavities for cw dye lasers,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. QE-8, 373–379 (1972).
[CrossRef]

Kowalski, F. B.

R. W. P. Drever, J. L. Hall, F. B. Kowalski, J. Hough, G. M. Ford, A. J. Munley, H. Ward, “Laser phase and frequency stabilization using an optical resonator,” Appl. Phys. B. 31, 97–105 (1983).
[CrossRef]

Kung, A. H.

Lucatorto, T. B.

S. D. Bergeson, A. Balakrishnan, K. G. H. Baldwin, T. B. Lucatorto, J. P. Marangos, T. J. McIlrath, T. R. O’Brian, S. L. Rolston, C. J. Sansonetti, J. Wen, N. Westbrook, C. H. Cheng, E. E. Eyler, “Measurement of the He ground state Lamb shift via the two-photon 11S-21S transition,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 80, 3475–3478 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Man, C. N.

Manson, P. J.

Marangos, J. P.

S. D. Bergeson, A. Balakrishnan, K. G. H. Baldwin, T. B. Lucatorto, J. P. Marangos, T. J. McIlrath, T. R. O’Brian, S. L. Rolston, C. J. Sansonetti, J. Wen, N. Westbrook, C. H. Cheng, E. E. Eyler, “Measurement of the He ground state Lamb shift via the two-photon 11S-21S transition,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 80, 3475–3478 (1998).
[CrossRef]

McClelland, D. E.

C. C. Harb, T. C. Ralph, E. H. Huntington, I. Freitag, D. E. McClelland, H.-A. Bachor, “Intensity-noise properties of injection-locked lasers,” Phys. Rev. A 54, 4370–4382 (2000).
[CrossRef]

McIlrath, T. J.

S. D. Bergeson, A. Balakrishnan, K. G. H. Baldwin, T. B. Lucatorto, J. P. Marangos, T. J. McIlrath, T. R. O’Brian, S. L. Rolston, C. J. Sansonetti, J. Wen, N. Westbrook, C. H. Cheng, E. E. Eyler, “Measurement of the He ground state Lamb shift via the two-photon 11S-21S transition,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 80, 3475–3478 (1998).
[CrossRef]

McKenzie, C. R.

Mehuys, D.

L. Goldberg, L. E. Busse, D. Mehuys, “High power continuous wave blue light generation in KNbO3 using semiconductor amplifier seeded by a laser diode,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 63, 2237–2329 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Mewes, M.-O.

Mizushima, Y.

T. Urisu, T. Sugeta, Y. Mizushima, K. Tsunenari, “Stabilized injection locking light amplification of a 1.15-µm He–Ne laser,” J. Appl. Phys. 52, 3154–3158 (1981).
[CrossRef]

Moldin, E. A.

C. H. Bair, P. Brockman, R. V. Hess, E. A. Moldin, “Demonstration of frequency control and cw diode laser injection control of a titanium-doped sapphire ring laser with no internal optical elements,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 24, 1045–1048 (1988).
[CrossRef]

Moulton, P. F.

Mudge, D.

D. J. Ottaway, P. J. Veitich, C. Hollitt, D. Mudge, M. W. Hamilton, J. Munch, “Frequency and intensity noise of an injection-locked Nd:YAG ring laser,” Appl. Phys. B 71, 163–168 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Munch, J.

D. J. Ottaway, P. J. Veitich, C. Hollitt, D. Mudge, M. W. Hamilton, J. Munch, “Frequency and intensity noise of an injection-locked Nd:YAG ring laser,” Appl. Phys. B 71, 163–168 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Munley, A. J.

R. W. P. Drever, J. L. Hall, F. B. Kowalski, J. Hough, G. M. Ford, A. J. Munley, H. Ward, “Laser phase and frequency stabilization using an optical resonator,” Appl. Phys. B. 31, 97–105 (1983).
[CrossRef]

Nabors, C. D.

Ni, C.-K.

O’Brian, T. R.

S. D. Bergeson, A. Balakrishnan, K. G. H. Baldwin, T. B. Lucatorto, J. P. Marangos, T. J. McIlrath, T. R. O’Brian, S. L. Rolston, C. J. Sansonetti, J. Wen, N. Westbrook, C. H. Cheng, E. E. Eyler, “Measurement of the He ground state Lamb shift via the two-photon 11S-21S transition,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 80, 3475–3478 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Oates, C. W.

C. W. Oates, F. Bondu, R. W. Fox, L. Hollberg, “A diode-laser optical frequency standard based on laser-cooled Ca atoms: sub-kilohertz spectroscopy by optical shelving detection,” Eur. Phys. J. D 7, 449–460 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Ottaway, D. J.

D. J. Ottaway, P. J. Veitich, C. Hollitt, D. Mudge, M. W. Hamilton, J. Munch, “Frequency and intensity noise of an injection-locked Nd:YAG ring laser,” Appl. Phys. B 71, 163–168 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Peng, K.-C.

Praeger, M.

M. Praeger, V. Vuletic, T. Fischer, T. W. Hänsch, C. Zimmermann, “A broad emitter diode laser system for lithium spectroscopy,” Appl. Phys. B 67, 163–166 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Ralph, T. C.

C. C. Harb, T. C. Ralph, E. H. Huntington, I. Freitag, D. E. McClelland, H.-A. Bachor, “Intensity-noise properties of injection-locked lasers,” Phys. Rev. A 54, 4370–4382 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Ricci, L.

Rines, D. M.

Rines, G. A.

Rolston, S. L.

S. D. Bergeson, A. Balakrishnan, K. G. H. Baldwin, T. B. Lucatorto, J. P. Marangos, T. J. McIlrath, T. R. O’Brian, S. L. Rolston, C. J. Sansonetti, J. Wen, N. Westbrook, C. H. Cheng, E. E. Eyler, “Measurement of the He ground state Lamb shift via the two-photon 11S-21S transition,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 80, 3475–3478 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Rowan, S.

Rutherford, T. S.

Salomon, C.

Sansonetti, C. J.

S. D. Bergeson, A. Balakrishnan, K. G. H. Baldwin, T. B. Lucatorto, J. P. Marangos, T. J. McIlrath, T. R. O’Brian, S. L. Rolston, C. J. Sansonetti, J. Wen, N. Westbrook, C. H. Cheng, E. E. Eyler, “Measurement of the He ground state Lamb shift via the two-photon 11S-21S transition,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 80, 3475–3478 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Sarger, L.

Schreck, F.

Schulz, P. A.

P. A. Schulz, “Single-frequency Ti:Al2O3 ring laser,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 24, 1039–1044 (1988).
[CrossRef]

Shank, C. V.

H. W. Kogelnik, E. P. Ippen, A. Dienes, C. V. Shank, “Astigmatically compensated cavities for cw dye lasers,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. QE-8, 373–379 (1972).
[CrossRef]

Sharpe, J. C.

Siegman, A.

A. Siegman, Lasers (University Science, Sausalito, Calif., 1986).

Stark, E.

P. Albers, E. Stark, G. Huber, “Continuous-wave laser operation and quantum efficiency of titanium-doped sapphire,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B. 3, 134–139 (1986).
[CrossRef]

Sugeta, T.

T. Urisu, T. Sugeta, Y. Mizushima, K. Tsunenari, “Stabilized injection locking light amplification of a 1.15-µm He–Ne laser,” J. Appl. Phys. 52, 3154–3158 (1981).
[CrossRef]

Teehan, R. F.

Tsunenari, K.

T. Urisu, T. Sugeta, Y. Mizushima, K. Tsunenari, “Stabilized injection locking light amplification of a 1.15-µm He–Ne laser,” J. Appl. Phys. 52, 3154–3158 (1981).
[CrossRef]

Tulloch, W. M.

Ubachs, W.

K. S. E. Eikema, W. Ubachs, W. Vassen, W. Hogervorst, “Lamb shift measurement in the 1 1S ground state of helium,” Phys. Rev. A 55, 1866–1884 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Urisu, T.

T. Urisu, T. Sugeta, Y. Mizushima, K. Tsunenari, “Stabilized injection locking light amplification of a 1.15-µm He–Ne laser,” J. Appl. Phys. 52, 3154–3158 (1981).
[CrossRef]

Vassen, W.

K. S. E. Eikema, W. Ubachs, W. Vassen, W. Hogervorst, “Lamb shift measurement in the 1 1S ground state of helium,” Phys. Rev. A 55, 1866–1884 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Veitich, P. J.

D. J. Ottaway, P. J. Veitich, C. Hollitt, D. Mudge, M. W. Hamilton, J. Munch, “Frequency and intensity noise of an injection-locked Nd:YAG ring laser,” Appl. Phys. B 71, 163–168 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Vuletic, V.

M. Praeger, V. Vuletic, T. Fischer, T. W. Hänsch, C. Zimmermann, “A broad emitter diode laser system for lithium spectroscopy,” Appl. Phys. B 67, 163–166 (1998).
[CrossRef]

C. Zimmermann, V. Vuletic, A. Hemmerich, L. Ricci, T. W. Hänch, “Design for a compact tunable Ti:sapphire laser,” Opt. Lett. 20, 297–299 (1995).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Ward, H.

R. W. P. Drever, J. L. Hall, F. B. Kowalski, J. Hough, G. M. Ford, A. J. Munley, H. Ward, “Laser phase and frequency stabilization using an optical resonator,” Appl. Phys. B. 31, 97–105 (1983).
[CrossRef]

Warrington, D. M.

Weller, J. F.

L. Goldberg, J. F. Weller, “Injection locking and single-mode fiber coupling of a 40-element laser diode array,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 50, 1713–1715 (1987).
[CrossRef]

Wen, J.

S. D. Bergeson, A. Balakrishnan, K. G. H. Baldwin, T. B. Lucatorto, J. P. Marangos, T. J. McIlrath, T. R. O’Brian, S. L. Rolston, C. J. Sansonetti, J. Wen, N. Westbrook, C. H. Cheng, E. E. Eyler, “Measurement of the He ground state Lamb shift via the two-photon 11S-21S transition,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 80, 3475–3478 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Westbrook, N.

S. D. Bergeson, A. Balakrishnan, K. G. H. Baldwin, T. B. Lucatorto, J. P. Marangos, T. J. McIlrath, T. R. O’Brian, S. L. Rolston, C. J. Sansonetti, J. Wen, N. Westbrook, C. H. Cheng, E. E. Eyler, “Measurement of the He ground state Lamb shift via the two-photon 11S-21S transition,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 80, 3475–3478 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Willke, B.

Wilson, A. C.

Wu, L.-A.

Yang, S. T.

Zimmermann, C.

M. Praeger, V. Vuletic, T. Fischer, T. W. Hänsch, C. Zimmermann, “A broad emitter diode laser system for lithium spectroscopy,” Appl. Phys. B 67, 163–166 (1998).
[CrossRef]

C. Zimmermann, V. Vuletic, A. Hemmerich, L. Ricci, T. W. Hänch, “Design for a compact tunable Ti:sapphire laser,” Opt. Lett. 20, 297–299 (1995).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Appl. Opt. (4)

Appl. Phys. B (2)

M. Praeger, V. Vuletic, T. Fischer, T. W. Hänsch, C. Zimmermann, “A broad emitter diode laser system for lithium spectroscopy,” Appl. Phys. B 67, 163–166 (1998).
[CrossRef]

D. J. Ottaway, P. J. Veitich, C. Hollitt, D. Mudge, M. W. Hamilton, J. Munch, “Frequency and intensity noise of an injection-locked Nd:YAG ring laser,” Appl. Phys. B 71, 163–168 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Appl. Phys. B. (1)

R. W. P. Drever, J. L. Hall, F. B. Kowalski, J. Hough, G. M. Ford, A. J. Munley, H. Ward, “Laser phase and frequency stabilization using an optical resonator,” Appl. Phys. B. 31, 97–105 (1983).
[CrossRef]

Appl. Phys. Lett. (2)

L. Goldberg, L. E. Busse, D. Mehuys, “High power continuous wave blue light generation in KNbO3 using semiconductor amplifier seeded by a laser diode,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 63, 2237–2329 (1993).
[CrossRef]

L. Goldberg, J. F. Weller, “Injection locking and single-mode fiber coupling of a 40-element laser diode array,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 50, 1713–1715 (1987).
[CrossRef]

Eur. Phys. J. D (1)

C. W. Oates, F. Bondu, R. W. Fox, L. Hollberg, “A diode-laser optical frequency standard based on laser-cooled Ca atoms: sub-kilohertz spectroscopy by optical shelving detection,” Eur. Phys. J. D 7, 449–460 (1999).
[CrossRef]

IEEE J. Quantum Electron. (3)

H. W. Kogelnik, E. P. Ippen, A. Dienes, C. V. Shank, “Astigmatically compensated cavities for cw dye lasers,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. QE-8, 373–379 (1972).
[CrossRef]

C. H. Bair, P. Brockman, R. V. Hess, E. A. Moldin, “Demonstration of frequency control and cw diode laser injection control of a titanium-doped sapphire ring laser with no internal optical elements,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 24, 1045–1048 (1988).
[CrossRef]

P. A. Schulz, “Single-frequency Ti:Al2O3 ring laser,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 24, 1039–1044 (1988).
[CrossRef]

J. Appl. Phys. (1)

T. Urisu, T. Sugeta, Y. Mizushima, K. Tsunenari, “Stabilized injection locking light amplification of a 1.15-µm He–Ne laser,” J. Appl. Phys. 52, 3154–3158 (1981).
[CrossRef]

J. Opt. Soc. Am. B (1)

J. Opt. Soc. Am. B. (1)

P. Albers, E. Stark, G. Huber, “Continuous-wave laser operation and quantum efficiency of titanium-doped sapphire,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B. 3, 134–139 (1986).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Lett. (7)

Phys. Rev. A (2)

C. C. Harb, T. C. Ralph, E. H. Huntington, I. Freitag, D. E. McClelland, H.-A. Bachor, “Intensity-noise properties of injection-locked lasers,” Phys. Rev. A 54, 4370–4382 (2000).
[CrossRef]

K. S. E. Eikema, W. Ubachs, W. Vassen, W. Hogervorst, “Lamb shift measurement in the 1 1S ground state of helium,” Phys. Rev. A 55, 1866–1884 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Phys. Rev. Lett. (1)

S. D. Bergeson, A. Balakrishnan, K. G. H. Baldwin, T. B. Lucatorto, J. P. Marangos, T. J. McIlrath, T. R. O’Brian, S. L. Rolston, C. J. Sansonetti, J. Wen, N. Westbrook, C. H. Cheng, E. E. Eyler, “Measurement of the He ground state Lamb shift via the two-photon 11S-21S transition,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 80, 3475–3478 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Other (2)

Our extended cavity laser is a Vortex laser from New Focus Corp., 5215 Hellyer Ave., Suite 100, San Jose, Calif. 95138–1001.

A. Siegman, Lasers (University Science, Sausalito, Calif., 1986).

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Figures (3)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

Schematic diagram of the experimental layout. PD, photodiode; rf, radio-frequency generator.

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

Input–output data for the Ti:sapphire laser for injection-locked (●) and free-running (○) operation. The straight line shows the fitted threshold power and efficiency. The slope efficiency is 23%.

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

Optical frequency spectrum of the laser. The top curve shows the spectrum of the injection laser. The bottom curve shows the spectrum of the amplified laser. The curves are offset vertically for clarity.

Tables (1)

Tables Icon

Table 1 Minimum Injection Power for Single-Frequency Output Pmin and Output Power Pout for Different Pump Powersa

Equations (5)

Equations on this page are rendered with MathJax. Learn more.

gω1=r12-Gω1r11-Gω1,
Gω1=rm exp-α0l0expαmlm×exp-iω0-ω1p/c,
Gω1=exp-iω0-ω1p/c=cosω0-ω1p/c-i sinω0-ω1p/c.
gω1=γeiω0-ω1,
Δω=2γeI1I0.

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