Abstract

We demonstrate that a coaxially pumped, large-aperture ultraviolet power-amplifier module with solid-state tunable laser medium Ce3+:LiCaAlF6 has 98-mJ, 290-nm, and 3-ns output pulses with a sufficient extraction efficiency of 25%. The detailed information of design parameters, including the gain-coefficient dependence on pump condition, is successfully accumulated for further energy scaling for a terawatt-class ultraviolet chirped pulse amplification laser system or a high-pulse-energy laser system.

© 2002 Optical Society of America

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  21. K. Shimamura, N. Mujilatu, K. Nakano, S. L. Baldochi, Z. Liu, H. Ohtake, N. Sarukura, T. Fukuda, “Growth and characterization of Ce-doped LiCaAlF6 single crystals,” J. Cryst. Growth 197, 896–900 (1999).
    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
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2002 (1)

Y. Suzuki, S. Ono, H. Murakami, T. Kozeki, H. Ohtake, N. Sarukura, G. Masada, H. Shiraishi, I. Sekine, “0.43-J, 10-Hz fourth-harmonic generation of Nd:YAG laser using large Li2B4O7 crystals,” Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 41, L823–L824 (2002).
[CrossRef]

2001 (5)

K. Shimamura, S. L. Baldochi, I. M. Ranieri, H. Sato, T. Fujita, V. L. Mazzocchi, C. B. R. Parente, C. O. Paiva-Santos, C. V. Santilli, N. Sarukura, T. Fukuda, “Crystal growth of Ce-doped and undoped LiCaAlF6 by the Czochralski technique under CF4 atmosphere,” J. Cryst. Growth 223, 383–388 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Z. L. Liu, T. Kozeki, Y. Suzuki, N. Sarukura, K. Shimamura, T. Fukuda, M. Hirano, H. Hosono “Ce3+:LiCaAlF6 crystal for high-gain or high-peak-power amplification of ultraviolet femtosecond pulses and new potential ultraviolet gain medium: Ce3+:LiSr0.8Ca0.2AlF6,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 7, 542–550 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Z. Liu, T. Kozeki, Y. Suzuki, N. Sarukura, K. Shimamura, T. Fukuda, M. Hirano, H. Hosono, “Chirped-pulse amplification of ultraviolet femtosecond pulses by use of Ce3+:LiCaAlF6 as a broadband, solid-state gain medium,” Opt. Lett. 26, 301–303 (2001).
[CrossRef]

A. J. S. McGonigle, R. Moncorge, D. W. Coutts, “Temperature-dependent polarization effects in Ce:LiLuF,” Appl. Opt. 40, 4326–4333 (2001).
[CrossRef]

K. A. Elsayed, S. Chen, L. B. Petway, B. L. Meadows, W. D. Marsh, W. C. Edwards, J. C. Barnes, R. J. DeYong, “High-energy, efficient, 30-Hz ultraviolet laser sources for airborne ozone-lidar systems,” Appl. Opt. 41, 2734–2739 (2001).
[CrossRef]

2000 (1)

1999 (2)

H. Wang, S. Backus, Z. Chang, R. Wagner, K. Kim, X. Wang, D. Umstadter, T. Lei, M. Murnane, H. Kapteyn, “Generation of 10-W average-power, 40-TW peak-power, 24-fs pulses from a Ti:sapphire amplifier system,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 16, 1790–1794 (1999).
[CrossRef]

K. Shimamura, N. Mujilatu, K. Nakano, S. L. Baldochi, Z. Liu, H. Ohtake, N. Sarukura, T. Fukuda, “Growth and characterization of Ce-doped LiCaAlF6 single crystals,” J. Cryst. Growth 197, 896–900 (1999).
[CrossRef]

1998 (1)

Z. Liu, S. Izumida, H. Ohtake, N. Sarukura, K. Shimamura, N. Mujilatu, S. L. Baldochi, T. Fukuda, “High-pulse-energy, all-solid-state, ultraviolet laser oscillator using large Czochralski-grown Ce:LiCaF crystal,” Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 37, L1318–L1319 (1998).
[CrossRef]

1997 (3)

1996 (1)

1995 (3)

N. Sarukura, Z. Liu, Y. Segawa, K. Edamatsu, Y. Suzuki, T. Itoh, V.V. Semashko, A. K. Naumov, S. L. Korableva, R. Y. Abdulsabirov, M. A. Dubinskii, “Ce3+:LuLiF4 as a broad-band ultraviolet amplification medium,” Opt. Lett. 20, 294–296 (1995).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Y. Mori, I. Kuroda, S. Nakajima, T. Sasaki, S. Nakai, “Nonlinear-optical properties of cesium lithium borate,” Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 34, L296–L298 (1995).
[CrossRef]

B. C. Stuart, M. D. Feit, A. M. Rubenchik, B. W. Shore, M. P. Perry, “Laser-induced damage in dielectrics with nanosecond to subpicosecond pulses,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 74, 2248–2251 (1995).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

1994 (2)

1993 (2)

M. A. Dubinskii, V. V. Semashko, A. K. Naumov, R. Y. Abdulsabirov, S. L. Korableva, “Ce3+ -doped colquiriite–a new concept of all-solid-state tunable ultraviolet laser,” J. Mod. Opt. 40, 1–5 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Y. Nabekawa, K. Kondo, N. Sarukura, K. Sajiki, S. Watanabe, “Terawatt KrF/Ti:sapphire hybrid laser system,” Opt. Lett. 18, 1922–1924 (1993).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

1991 (2)

R. Nodomi, Y. Oeda, K. Sajiki, S. Nakajima, M. Watanabe, S. Watanabe, “High repetition rate, wide-aperture KrF lasers for subpicosecond amplification,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 27, 441–447 (1991).
[CrossRef]

For example, N. Sarukura, K. Hata, T. Adachi, R. Nodomi, M. Watanabe, S. Watanabe, “Coherent soft-X-ray generation by the harmonics of an ultrahigh-power KrF laser,” Phys. Rev. A 43, 1669–1672 (1991).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

1990 (1)

For example, M. Maeda, T. Sibata, H. Akiyoshi, “Optimum wavelengths in solar-blind UV ozone lidars,” Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 29, 2843–2846 (1990).
[CrossRef]

1979 (1)

1963 (1)

L. M. Frantz, J. S. Nodvick, “Theory of pulse propagation in a laser amplifier,” J. Appl. Phys. 34, 2346–2349 (1963).
[CrossRef]

Abdulsabirov, R. Y.

N. Sarukura, Z. Liu, H. Ohtake, Y. Segawa, M. A. Dubinskii, R. Y. Abdulsabirov, S. L. Korableva, A. K. Naumov, V. V. Semashko, “Ultraviolet short pulses from an all-solid-state Ce:LiCaF master-oscillator-power-amplifier system,” Opt. Lett. 22, 994–996 (1997).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

N. Sarukura, Z. Liu, Y. Segawa, K. Edamatsu, Y. Suzuki, T. Itoh, V.V. Semashko, A. K. Naumov, S. L. Korableva, R. Y. Abdulsabirov, M. A. Dubinskii, “Ce3+:LuLiF4 as a broad-band ultraviolet amplification medium,” Opt. Lett. 20, 294–296 (1995).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

M. A. Dubinskii, V. V. Semashko, A. K. Naumov, R. Y. Abdulsabirov, S. L. Korableva, “Ce3+ -doped colquiriite–a new concept of all-solid-state tunable ultraviolet laser,” J. Mod. Opt. 40, 1–5 (1993).
[CrossRef]

A. Dubinskii, R. Y. Abdulsabirov, S. L. Korableva, A. K. Naumov, V. V. Semashko, “Tunable Ce:LLF laser in ultraviolet region,” in Proceedings of International Quantum Electronics Conference (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1992), paper FrL2.

Adachi, T.

For example, N. Sarukura, K. Hata, T. Adachi, R. Nodomi, M. Watanabe, S. Watanabe, “Coherent soft-X-ray generation by the harmonics of an ultrahigh-power KrF laser,” Phys. Rev. A 43, 1669–1672 (1991).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Akiyoshi, H.

For example, M. Maeda, T. Sibata, H. Akiyoshi, “Optimum wavelengths in solar-blind UV ozone lidars,” Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 29, 2843–2846 (1990).
[CrossRef]

Backus, S.

Baldochi, S. L.

K. Shimamura, S. L. Baldochi, I. M. Ranieri, H. Sato, T. Fujita, V. L. Mazzocchi, C. B. R. Parente, C. O. Paiva-Santos, C. V. Santilli, N. Sarukura, T. Fukuda, “Crystal growth of Ce-doped and undoped LiCaAlF6 by the Czochralski technique under CF4 atmosphere,” J. Cryst. Growth 223, 383–388 (2001).
[CrossRef]

K. Shimamura, N. Mujilatu, K. Nakano, S. L. Baldochi, Z. Liu, H. Ohtake, N. Sarukura, T. Fukuda, “Growth and characterization of Ce-doped LiCaAlF6 single crystals,” J. Cryst. Growth 197, 896–900 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Z. Liu, S. Izumida, H. Ohtake, N. Sarukura, K. Shimamura, N. Mujilatu, S. L. Baldochi, T. Fukuda, “High-pulse-energy, all-solid-state, ultraviolet laser oscillator using large Czochralski-grown Ce:LiCaF crystal,” Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 37, L1318–L1319 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Barker, C. E.

Barnes, J. C.

Barty, C. P. J.

Bayramian, A. J.

Behrendt, W. C.

Bekesi, J.

For example, P. Simon, J. Bekesi, C. Dolle, J.-H. Klein-Wiele, G. Marowsky, S. Szatmari, B. Wellegehausen, “Ultraviolet femtosecond pulses: key technology for sub-micron machining and efficient XUV pulse generation,” in Ultrafast Optics 2001, Montebello, Canada, Book of Abstracts, D. Villeneuve, ed. (Springer-Verlag, Berlin, 2001), pp. 75–79.

Bibeau, C.

Browing, D. F.

Campbell, J. H.

Castillo, V.

Chai, B. H. T.

Chang, Z.

Chen, S.

Coutts, D. W.

DeYong, R. J.

Dolle, C.

For example, P. Simon, J. Bekesi, C. Dolle, J.-H. Klein-Wiele, G. Marowsky, S. Szatmari, B. Wellegehausen, “Ultraviolet femtosecond pulses: key technology for sub-micron machining and efficient XUV pulse generation,” in Ultrafast Optics 2001, Montebello, Canada, Book of Abstracts, D. Villeneuve, ed. (Springer-Verlag, Berlin, 2001), pp. 75–79.

Dubinskii, A.

A. Dubinskii, R. Y. Abdulsabirov, S. L. Korableva, A. K. Naumov, V. V. Semashko, “Tunable Ce:LLF laser in ultraviolet region,” in Proceedings of International Quantum Electronics Conference (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1992), paper FrL2.

Dubinskii, M. A.

Edamatsu, K.

Edwards, W. C.

Ehrlich, D. J.

Elsayed, K. A.

Feit, M. D.

B. C. Stuart, M. D. Feit, A. M. Rubenchik, B. W. Shore, M. P. Perry, “Laser-induced damage in dielectrics with nanosecond to subpicosecond pulses,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 74, 2248–2251 (1995).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Frantz, L. M.

L. M. Frantz, J. S. Nodvick, “Theory of pulse propagation in a laser amplifier,” J. Appl. Phys. 34, 2346–2349 (1963).
[CrossRef]

Fujita, T.

K. Shimamura, S. L. Baldochi, I. M. Ranieri, H. Sato, T. Fujita, V. L. Mazzocchi, C. B. R. Parente, C. O. Paiva-Santos, C. V. Santilli, N. Sarukura, T. Fukuda, “Crystal growth of Ce-doped and undoped LiCaAlF6 by the Czochralski technique under CF4 atmosphere,” J. Cryst. Growth 223, 383–388 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Fukuda, T.

K. Shimamura, S. L. Baldochi, I. M. Ranieri, H. Sato, T. Fujita, V. L. Mazzocchi, C. B. R. Parente, C. O. Paiva-Santos, C. V. Santilli, N. Sarukura, T. Fukuda, “Crystal growth of Ce-doped and undoped LiCaAlF6 by the Czochralski technique under CF4 atmosphere,” J. Cryst. Growth 223, 383–388 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Z. L. Liu, T. Kozeki, Y. Suzuki, N. Sarukura, K. Shimamura, T. Fukuda, M. Hirano, H. Hosono “Ce3+:LiCaAlF6 crystal for high-gain or high-peak-power amplification of ultraviolet femtosecond pulses and new potential ultraviolet gain medium: Ce3+:LiSr0.8Ca0.2AlF6,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 7, 542–550 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Z. Liu, T. Kozeki, Y. Suzuki, N. Sarukura, K. Shimamura, T. Fukuda, M. Hirano, H. Hosono, “Chirped-pulse amplification of ultraviolet femtosecond pulses by use of Ce3+:LiCaAlF6 as a broadband, solid-state gain medium,” Opt. Lett. 26, 301–303 (2001).
[CrossRef]

K. Shimamura, N. Mujilatu, K. Nakano, S. L. Baldochi, Z. Liu, H. Ohtake, N. Sarukura, T. Fukuda, “Growth and characterization of Ce-doped LiCaAlF6 single crystals,” J. Cryst. Growth 197, 896–900 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Z. Liu, S. Izumida, H. Ohtake, N. Sarukura, K. Shimamura, N. Mujilatu, S. L. Baldochi, T. Fukuda, “High-pulse-energy, all-solid-state, ultraviolet laser oscillator using large Czochralski-grown Ce:LiCaF crystal,” Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 37, L1318–L1319 (1998).
[CrossRef]

R. Komatsu, T. Sugawara, K. Sassa, N. Sarukura, Z. Liu, S. Izumida, Y. Segawa, S. Uda, T. Fukuda, K. Yamanouchi, “Growth and ultraviolet application of Li2B4O7 crystals generation of the fourth and fifth harmonics of Nd:Y3Al5O12 lasers,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 70, 3492–3494 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Guo, T.

Hata, K.

For example, N. Sarukura, K. Hata, T. Adachi, R. Nodomi, M. Watanabe, S. Watanabe, “Coherent soft-X-ray generation by the harmonics of an ultrahigh-power KrF laser,” Phys. Rev. A 43, 1669–1672 (1991).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Hirano, M.

Z. Liu, T. Kozeki, Y. Suzuki, N. Sarukura, K. Shimamura, T. Fukuda, M. Hirano, H. Hosono, “Chirped-pulse amplification of ultraviolet femtosecond pulses by use of Ce3+:LiCaAlF6 as a broadband, solid-state gain medium,” Opt. Lett. 26, 301–303 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Z. L. Liu, T. Kozeki, Y. Suzuki, N. Sarukura, K. Shimamura, T. Fukuda, M. Hirano, H. Hosono “Ce3+:LiCaAlF6 crystal for high-gain or high-peak-power amplification of ultraviolet femtosecond pulses and new potential ultraviolet gain medium: Ce3+:LiSr0.8Ca0.2AlF6,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 7, 542–550 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Hosono, H.

Z. L. Liu, T. Kozeki, Y. Suzuki, N. Sarukura, K. Shimamura, T. Fukuda, M. Hirano, H. Hosono “Ce3+:LiCaAlF6 crystal for high-gain or high-peak-power amplification of ultraviolet femtosecond pulses and new potential ultraviolet gain medium: Ce3+:LiSr0.8Ca0.2AlF6,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 7, 542–550 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Z. Liu, T. Kozeki, Y. Suzuki, N. Sarukura, K. Shimamura, T. Fukuda, M. Hirano, H. Hosono, “Chirped-pulse amplification of ultraviolet femtosecond pulses by use of Ce3+:LiCaAlF6 as a broadband, solid-state gain medium,” Opt. Lett. 26, 301–303 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Itoh, T.

Izumida, S.

Z. Liu, S. Izumida, H. Ohtake, N. Sarukura, K. Shimamura, N. Mujilatu, S. L. Baldochi, T. Fukuda, “High-pulse-energy, all-solid-state, ultraviolet laser oscillator using large Czochralski-grown Ce:LiCaF crystal,” Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 37, L1318–L1319 (1998).
[CrossRef]

R. Komatsu, T. Sugawara, K. Sassa, N. Sarukura, Z. Liu, S. Izumida, Y. Segawa, S. Uda, T. Fukuda, K. Yamanouchi, “Growth and ultraviolet application of Li2B4O7 crystals generation of the fourth and fifth harmonics of Nd:Y3Al5O12 lasers,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 70, 3492–3494 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Kapteyn, H.

Kim, K.

Klein-Wiele, J.-H.

For example, P. Simon, J. Bekesi, C. Dolle, J.-H. Klein-Wiele, G. Marowsky, S. Szatmari, B. Wellegehausen, “Ultraviolet femtosecond pulses: key technology for sub-micron machining and efficient XUV pulse generation,” in Ultrafast Optics 2001, Montebello, Canada, Book of Abstracts, D. Villeneuve, ed. (Springer-Verlag, Berlin, 2001), pp. 75–79.

Komatsu, R.

R. Komatsu, T. Sugawara, K. Sassa, N. Sarukura, Z. Liu, S. Izumida, Y. Segawa, S. Uda, T. Fukuda, K. Yamanouchi, “Growth and ultraviolet application of Li2B4O7 crystals generation of the fourth and fifth harmonics of Nd:Y3Al5O12 lasers,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 70, 3492–3494 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Kondo, K.

Korableva, S. L.

N. Sarukura, Z. Liu, H. Ohtake, Y. Segawa, M. A. Dubinskii, R. Y. Abdulsabirov, S. L. Korableva, A. K. Naumov, V. V. Semashko, “Ultraviolet short pulses from an all-solid-state Ce:LiCaF master-oscillator-power-amplifier system,” Opt. Lett. 22, 994–996 (1997).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

N. Sarukura, Z. Liu, Y. Segawa, K. Edamatsu, Y. Suzuki, T. Itoh, V.V. Semashko, A. K. Naumov, S. L. Korableva, R. Y. Abdulsabirov, M. A. Dubinskii, “Ce3+:LuLiF4 as a broad-band ultraviolet amplification medium,” Opt. Lett. 20, 294–296 (1995).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

M. A. Dubinskii, V. V. Semashko, A. K. Naumov, R. Y. Abdulsabirov, S. L. Korableva, “Ce3+ -doped colquiriite–a new concept of all-solid-state tunable ultraviolet laser,” J. Mod. Opt. 40, 1–5 (1993).
[CrossRef]

A. Dubinskii, R. Y. Abdulsabirov, S. L. Korableva, A. K. Naumov, V. V. Semashko, “Tunable Ce:LLF laser in ultraviolet region,” in Proceedings of International Quantum Electronics Conference (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1992), paper FrL2.

Kozeki, T.

Y. Suzuki, S. Ono, H. Murakami, T. Kozeki, H. Ohtake, N. Sarukura, G. Masada, H. Shiraishi, I. Sekine, “0.43-J, 10-Hz fourth-harmonic generation of Nd:YAG laser using large Li2B4O7 crystals,” Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 41, L823–L824 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Z. L. Liu, T. Kozeki, Y. Suzuki, N. Sarukura, K. Shimamura, T. Fukuda, M. Hirano, H. Hosono “Ce3+:LiCaAlF6 crystal for high-gain or high-peak-power amplification of ultraviolet femtosecond pulses and new potential ultraviolet gain medium: Ce3+:LiSr0.8Ca0.2AlF6,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 7, 542–550 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Z. Liu, T. Kozeki, Y. Suzuki, N. Sarukura, K. Shimamura, T. Fukuda, M. Hirano, H. Hosono, “Chirped-pulse amplification of ultraviolet femtosecond pulses by use of Ce3+:LiCaAlF6 as a broadband, solid-state gain medium,” Opt. Lett. 26, 301–303 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Krupke, W. F.

Kuroda, I.

Y. Mori, I. Kuroda, S. Nakajima, T. Sasaki, S. Nakai, “Nonlinear-optical properties of cesium lithium borate,” Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 34, L296–L298 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Le Blanc, C.

Lei, T.

Liu, Z.

Z. Liu, T. Kozeki, Y. Suzuki, N. Sarukura, K. Shimamura, T. Fukuda, M. Hirano, H. Hosono, “Chirped-pulse amplification of ultraviolet femtosecond pulses by use of Ce3+:LiCaAlF6 as a broadband, solid-state gain medium,” Opt. Lett. 26, 301–303 (2001).
[CrossRef]

K. Shimamura, N. Mujilatu, K. Nakano, S. L. Baldochi, Z. Liu, H. Ohtake, N. Sarukura, T. Fukuda, “Growth and characterization of Ce-doped LiCaAlF6 single crystals,” J. Cryst. Growth 197, 896–900 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Z. Liu, S. Izumida, H. Ohtake, N. Sarukura, K. Shimamura, N. Mujilatu, S. L. Baldochi, T. Fukuda, “High-pulse-energy, all-solid-state, ultraviolet laser oscillator using large Czochralski-grown Ce:LiCaF crystal,” Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 37, L1318–L1319 (1998).
[CrossRef]

R. Komatsu, T. Sugawara, K. Sassa, N. Sarukura, Z. Liu, S. Izumida, Y. Segawa, S. Uda, T. Fukuda, K. Yamanouchi, “Growth and ultraviolet application of Li2B4O7 crystals generation of the fourth and fifth harmonics of Nd:Y3Al5O12 lasers,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 70, 3492–3494 (1997).
[CrossRef]

N. Sarukura, Z. Liu, H. Ohtake, Y. Segawa, M. A. Dubinskii, R. Y. Abdulsabirov, S. L. Korableva, A. K. Naumov, V. V. Semashko, “Ultraviolet short pulses from an all-solid-state Ce:LiCaF master-oscillator-power-amplifier system,” Opt. Lett. 22, 994–996 (1997).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

N. Sarukura, Z. Liu, Y. Segawa, K. Edamatsu, Y. Suzuki, T. Itoh, V.V. Semashko, A. K. Naumov, S. L. Korableva, R. Y. Abdulsabirov, M. A. Dubinskii, “Ce3+:LuLiF4 as a broad-band ultraviolet amplification medium,” Opt. Lett. 20, 294–296 (1995).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Liu, Z. L.

Z. L. Liu, T. Kozeki, Y. Suzuki, N. Sarukura, K. Shimamura, T. Fukuda, M. Hirano, H. Hosono “Ce3+:LiCaAlF6 crystal for high-gain or high-peak-power amplification of ultraviolet femtosecond pulses and new potential ultraviolet gain medium: Ce3+:LiSr0.8Ca0.2AlF6,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 7, 542–550 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Maeda, M.

For example, M. Maeda, T. Sibata, H. Akiyoshi, “Optimum wavelengths in solar-blind UV ozone lidars,” Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 29, 2843–2846 (1990).
[CrossRef]

Marowsky, G.

For example, P. Simon, J. Bekesi, C. Dolle, J.-H. Klein-Wiele, G. Marowsky, S. Szatmari, B. Wellegehausen, “Ultraviolet femtosecond pulses: key technology for sub-micron machining and efficient XUV pulse generation,” in Ultrafast Optics 2001, Montebello, Canada, Book of Abstracts, D. Villeneuve, ed. (Springer-Verlag, Berlin, 2001), pp. 75–79.

Marsh, W. D.

Marshall, C. D.

Masada, G.

Y. Suzuki, S. Ono, H. Murakami, T. Kozeki, H. Ohtake, N. Sarukura, G. Masada, H. Shiraishi, I. Sekine, “0.43-J, 10-Hz fourth-harmonic generation of Nd:YAG laser using large Li2B4O7 crystals,” Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 41, L823–L824 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Mazzocchi, V. L.

K. Shimamura, S. L. Baldochi, I. M. Ranieri, H. Sato, T. Fujita, V. L. Mazzocchi, C. B. R. Parente, C. O. Paiva-Santos, C. V. Santilli, N. Sarukura, T. Fukuda, “Crystal growth of Ce-doped and undoped LiCaAlF6 by the Czochralski technique under CF4 atmosphere,” J. Cryst. Growth 223, 383–388 (2001).
[CrossRef]

McGonigle, A. J. S.

Meadows, B. L.

Moncorge, R.

Mori, Y.

Y. Mori, I. Kuroda, S. Nakajima, T. Sasaki, S. Nakai, “Nonlinear-optical properties of cesium lithium borate,” Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 34, L296–L298 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Moulton, P. F.

Mujilatu, N.

K. Shimamura, N. Mujilatu, K. Nakano, S. L. Baldochi, Z. Liu, H. Ohtake, N. Sarukura, T. Fukuda, “Growth and characterization of Ce-doped LiCaAlF6 single crystals,” J. Cryst. Growth 197, 896–900 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Z. Liu, S. Izumida, H. Ohtake, N. Sarukura, K. Shimamura, N. Mujilatu, S. L. Baldochi, T. Fukuda, “High-pulse-energy, all-solid-state, ultraviolet laser oscillator using large Czochralski-grown Ce:LiCaF crystal,” Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 37, L1318–L1319 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Murakami, H.

Y. Suzuki, S. Ono, H. Murakami, T. Kozeki, H. Ohtake, N. Sarukura, G. Masada, H. Shiraishi, I. Sekine, “0.43-J, 10-Hz fourth-harmonic generation of Nd:YAG laser using large Li2B4O7 crystals,” Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 41, L823–L824 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Murnane, M.

Murray, J. R.

Nabekawa, Y.

Nakai, S.

Y. Mori, I. Kuroda, S. Nakajima, T. Sasaki, S. Nakai, “Nonlinear-optical properties of cesium lithium borate,” Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 34, L296–L298 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Nakajima, S.

Y. Mori, I. Kuroda, S. Nakajima, T. Sasaki, S. Nakai, “Nonlinear-optical properties of cesium lithium borate,” Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 34, L296–L298 (1995).
[CrossRef]

R. Nodomi, Y. Oeda, K. Sajiki, S. Nakajima, M. Watanabe, S. Watanabe, “High repetition rate, wide-aperture KrF lasers for subpicosecond amplification,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 27, 441–447 (1991).
[CrossRef]

Nakano, K.

K. Shimamura, N. Mujilatu, K. Nakano, S. L. Baldochi, Z. Liu, H. Ohtake, N. Sarukura, T. Fukuda, “Growth and characterization of Ce-doped LiCaAlF6 single crystals,” J. Cryst. Growth 197, 896–900 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Naumov, A. K.

N. Sarukura, Z. Liu, H. Ohtake, Y. Segawa, M. A. Dubinskii, R. Y. Abdulsabirov, S. L. Korableva, A. K. Naumov, V. V. Semashko, “Ultraviolet short pulses from an all-solid-state Ce:LiCaF master-oscillator-power-amplifier system,” Opt. Lett. 22, 994–996 (1997).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

N. Sarukura, Z. Liu, Y. Segawa, K. Edamatsu, Y. Suzuki, T. Itoh, V.V. Semashko, A. K. Naumov, S. L. Korableva, R. Y. Abdulsabirov, M. A. Dubinskii, “Ce3+:LuLiF4 as a broad-band ultraviolet amplification medium,” Opt. Lett. 20, 294–296 (1995).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

M. A. Dubinskii, V. V. Semashko, A. K. Naumov, R. Y. Abdulsabirov, S. L. Korableva, “Ce3+ -doped colquiriite–a new concept of all-solid-state tunable ultraviolet laser,” J. Mod. Opt. 40, 1–5 (1993).
[CrossRef]

A. Dubinskii, R. Y. Abdulsabirov, S. L. Korableva, A. K. Naumov, V. V. Semashko, “Tunable Ce:LLF laser in ultraviolet region,” in Proceedings of International Quantum Electronics Conference (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1992), paper FrL2.

Nodomi, R.

R. Nodomi, Y. Oeda, K. Sajiki, S. Nakajima, M. Watanabe, S. Watanabe, “High repetition rate, wide-aperture KrF lasers for subpicosecond amplification,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 27, 441–447 (1991).
[CrossRef]

For example, N. Sarukura, K. Hata, T. Adachi, R. Nodomi, M. Watanabe, S. Watanabe, “Coherent soft-X-ray generation by the harmonics of an ultrahigh-power KrF laser,” Phys. Rev. A 43, 1669–1672 (1991).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Nodvick, J. S.

L. M. Frantz, J. S. Nodvick, “Theory of pulse propagation in a laser amplifier,” J. Appl. Phys. 34, 2346–2349 (1963).
[CrossRef]

Oeda, Y.

R. Nodomi, Y. Oeda, K. Sajiki, S. Nakajima, M. Watanabe, S. Watanabe, “High repetition rate, wide-aperture KrF lasers for subpicosecond amplification,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 27, 441–447 (1991).
[CrossRef]

Ohtake, H.

Y. Suzuki, S. Ono, H. Murakami, T. Kozeki, H. Ohtake, N. Sarukura, G. Masada, H. Shiraishi, I. Sekine, “0.43-J, 10-Hz fourth-harmonic generation of Nd:YAG laser using large Li2B4O7 crystals,” Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 41, L823–L824 (2002).
[CrossRef]

K. Shimamura, N. Mujilatu, K. Nakano, S. L. Baldochi, Z. Liu, H. Ohtake, N. Sarukura, T. Fukuda, “Growth and characterization of Ce-doped LiCaAlF6 single crystals,” J. Cryst. Growth 197, 896–900 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Z. Liu, S. Izumida, H. Ohtake, N. Sarukura, K. Shimamura, N. Mujilatu, S. L. Baldochi, T. Fukuda, “High-pulse-energy, all-solid-state, ultraviolet laser oscillator using large Czochralski-grown Ce:LiCaF crystal,” Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 37, L1318–L1319 (1998).
[CrossRef]

N. Sarukura, Z. Liu, H. Ohtake, Y. Segawa, M. A. Dubinskii, R. Y. Abdulsabirov, S. L. Korableva, A. K. Naumov, V. V. Semashko, “Ultraviolet short pulses from an all-solid-state Ce:LiCaF master-oscillator-power-amplifier system,” Opt. Lett. 22, 994–996 (1997).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Ono, S.

Y. Suzuki, S. Ono, H. Murakami, T. Kozeki, H. Ohtake, N. Sarukura, G. Masada, H. Shiraishi, I. Sekine, “0.43-J, 10-Hz fourth-harmonic generation of Nd:YAG laser using large Li2B4O7 crystals,” Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 41, L823–L824 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Osgood, R. M.

Paiva-Santos, C. O.

K. Shimamura, S. L. Baldochi, I. M. Ranieri, H. Sato, T. Fujita, V. L. Mazzocchi, C. B. R. Parente, C. O. Paiva-Santos, C. V. Santilli, N. Sarukura, T. Fukuda, “Crystal growth of Ce-doped and undoped LiCaAlF6 by the Czochralski technique under CF4 atmosphere,” J. Cryst. Growth 223, 383–388 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Parente, C. B. R.

K. Shimamura, S. L. Baldochi, I. M. Ranieri, H. Sato, T. Fujita, V. L. Mazzocchi, C. B. R. Parente, C. O. Paiva-Santos, C. V. Santilli, N. Sarukura, T. Fukuda, “Crystal growth of Ce-doped and undoped LiCaAlF6 by the Czochralski technique under CF4 atmosphere,” J. Cryst. Growth 223, 383–388 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Payne, S. A.

Perry, M. P.

B. C. Stuart, M. D. Feit, A. M. Rubenchik, B. W. Shore, M. P. Perry, “Laser-induced damage in dielectrics with nanosecond to subpicosecond pulses,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 74, 2248–2251 (1995).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Petway, L. B.

Quarles, G. J.

Raksi, F.

Ranieri, I. M.

K. Shimamura, S. L. Baldochi, I. M. Ranieri, H. Sato, T. Fujita, V. L. Mazzocchi, C. B. R. Parente, C. O. Paiva-Santos, C. V. Santilli, N. Sarukura, T. Fukuda, “Crystal growth of Ce-doped and undoped LiCaAlF6 by the Czochralski technique under CF4 atmosphere,” J. Cryst. Growth 223, 383–388 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Rose-Petruck, C.

Rubenchik, A. M.

B. C. Stuart, M. D. Feit, A. M. Rubenchik, B. W. Shore, M. P. Perry, “Laser-induced damage in dielectrics with nanosecond to subpicosecond pulses,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 74, 2248–2251 (1995).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Sajiki, K.

Y. Nabekawa, K. Kondo, N. Sarukura, K. Sajiki, S. Watanabe, “Terawatt KrF/Ti:sapphire hybrid laser system,” Opt. Lett. 18, 1922–1924 (1993).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

R. Nodomi, Y. Oeda, K. Sajiki, S. Nakajima, M. Watanabe, S. Watanabe, “High repetition rate, wide-aperture KrF lasers for subpicosecond amplification,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 27, 441–447 (1991).
[CrossRef]

Santilli, C. V.

K. Shimamura, S. L. Baldochi, I. M. Ranieri, H. Sato, T. Fujita, V. L. Mazzocchi, C. B. R. Parente, C. O. Paiva-Santos, C. V. Santilli, N. Sarukura, T. Fukuda, “Crystal growth of Ce-doped and undoped LiCaAlF6 by the Czochralski technique under CF4 atmosphere,” J. Cryst. Growth 223, 383–388 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Sarukura, N.

Y. Suzuki, S. Ono, H. Murakami, T. Kozeki, H. Ohtake, N. Sarukura, G. Masada, H. Shiraishi, I. Sekine, “0.43-J, 10-Hz fourth-harmonic generation of Nd:YAG laser using large Li2B4O7 crystals,” Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 41, L823–L824 (2002).
[CrossRef]

K. Shimamura, S. L. Baldochi, I. M. Ranieri, H. Sato, T. Fujita, V. L. Mazzocchi, C. B. R. Parente, C. O. Paiva-Santos, C. V. Santilli, N. Sarukura, T. Fukuda, “Crystal growth of Ce-doped and undoped LiCaAlF6 by the Czochralski technique under CF4 atmosphere,” J. Cryst. Growth 223, 383–388 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Z. Liu, T. Kozeki, Y. Suzuki, N. Sarukura, K. Shimamura, T. Fukuda, M. Hirano, H. Hosono, “Chirped-pulse amplification of ultraviolet femtosecond pulses by use of Ce3+:LiCaAlF6 as a broadband, solid-state gain medium,” Opt. Lett. 26, 301–303 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Z. L. Liu, T. Kozeki, Y. Suzuki, N. Sarukura, K. Shimamura, T. Fukuda, M. Hirano, H. Hosono “Ce3+:LiCaAlF6 crystal for high-gain or high-peak-power amplification of ultraviolet femtosecond pulses and new potential ultraviolet gain medium: Ce3+:LiSr0.8Ca0.2AlF6,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 7, 542–550 (2001).
[CrossRef]

K. Shimamura, N. Mujilatu, K. Nakano, S. L. Baldochi, Z. Liu, H. Ohtake, N. Sarukura, T. Fukuda, “Growth and characterization of Ce-doped LiCaAlF6 single crystals,” J. Cryst. Growth 197, 896–900 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Z. Liu, S. Izumida, H. Ohtake, N. Sarukura, K. Shimamura, N. Mujilatu, S. L. Baldochi, T. Fukuda, “High-pulse-energy, all-solid-state, ultraviolet laser oscillator using large Czochralski-grown Ce:LiCaF crystal,” Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 37, L1318–L1319 (1998).
[CrossRef]

R. Komatsu, T. Sugawara, K. Sassa, N. Sarukura, Z. Liu, S. Izumida, Y. Segawa, S. Uda, T. Fukuda, K. Yamanouchi, “Growth and ultraviolet application of Li2B4O7 crystals generation of the fourth and fifth harmonics of Nd:Y3Al5O12 lasers,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 70, 3492–3494 (1997).
[CrossRef]

N. Sarukura, Z. Liu, H. Ohtake, Y. Segawa, M. A. Dubinskii, R. Y. Abdulsabirov, S. L. Korableva, A. K. Naumov, V. V. Semashko, “Ultraviolet short pulses from an all-solid-state Ce:LiCaF master-oscillator-power-amplifier system,” Opt. Lett. 22, 994–996 (1997).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

N. Sarukura, Z. Liu, Y. Segawa, K. Edamatsu, Y. Suzuki, T. Itoh, V.V. Semashko, A. K. Naumov, S. L. Korableva, R. Y. Abdulsabirov, M. A. Dubinskii, “Ce3+:LuLiF4 as a broad-band ultraviolet amplification medium,” Opt. Lett. 20, 294–296 (1995).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Y. Nabekawa, K. Kondo, N. Sarukura, K. Sajiki, S. Watanabe, “Terawatt KrF/Ti:sapphire hybrid laser system,” Opt. Lett. 18, 1922–1924 (1993).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

For example, N. Sarukura, K. Hata, T. Adachi, R. Nodomi, M. Watanabe, S. Watanabe, “Coherent soft-X-ray generation by the harmonics of an ultrahigh-power KrF laser,” Phys. Rev. A 43, 1669–1672 (1991).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Sasaki, T.

Y. Mori, I. Kuroda, S. Nakajima, T. Sasaki, S. Nakai, “Nonlinear-optical properties of cesium lithium borate,” Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 34, L296–L298 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Sassa, K.

R. Komatsu, T. Sugawara, K. Sassa, N. Sarukura, Z. Liu, S. Izumida, Y. Segawa, S. Uda, T. Fukuda, K. Yamanouchi, “Growth and ultraviolet application of Li2B4O7 crystals generation of the fourth and fifth harmonics of Nd:Y3Al5O12 lasers,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 70, 3492–3494 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Sato, H.

K. Shimamura, S. L. Baldochi, I. M. Ranieri, H. Sato, T. Fujita, V. L. Mazzocchi, C. B. R. Parente, C. O. Paiva-Santos, C. V. Santilli, N. Sarukura, T. Fukuda, “Crystal growth of Ce-doped and undoped LiCaAlF6 by the Czochralski technique under CF4 atmosphere,” J. Cryst. Growth 223, 383–388 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Schaffers, K. I.

Segawa, Y.

Sekine, I.

Y. Suzuki, S. Ono, H. Murakami, T. Kozeki, H. Ohtake, N. Sarukura, G. Masada, H. Shiraishi, I. Sekine, “0.43-J, 10-Hz fourth-harmonic generation of Nd:YAG laser using large Li2B4O7 crystals,” Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 41, L823–L824 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Semashko, V. V.

N. Sarukura, Z. Liu, H. Ohtake, Y. Segawa, M. A. Dubinskii, R. Y. Abdulsabirov, S. L. Korableva, A. K. Naumov, V. V. Semashko, “Ultraviolet short pulses from an all-solid-state Ce:LiCaF master-oscillator-power-amplifier system,” Opt. Lett. 22, 994–996 (1997).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

M. A. Dubinskii, V. V. Semashko, A. K. Naumov, R. Y. Abdulsabirov, S. L. Korableva, “Ce3+ -doped colquiriite–a new concept of all-solid-state tunable ultraviolet laser,” J. Mod. Opt. 40, 1–5 (1993).
[CrossRef]

A. Dubinskii, R. Y. Abdulsabirov, S. L. Korableva, A. K. Naumov, V. V. Semashko, “Tunable Ce:LLF laser in ultraviolet region,” in Proceedings of International Quantum Electronics Conference (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1992), paper FrL2.

Semashko, V.V.

Shimamura, K.

Z. L. Liu, T. Kozeki, Y. Suzuki, N. Sarukura, K. Shimamura, T. Fukuda, M. Hirano, H. Hosono “Ce3+:LiCaAlF6 crystal for high-gain or high-peak-power amplification of ultraviolet femtosecond pulses and new potential ultraviolet gain medium: Ce3+:LiSr0.8Ca0.2AlF6,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 7, 542–550 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Z. Liu, T. Kozeki, Y. Suzuki, N. Sarukura, K. Shimamura, T. Fukuda, M. Hirano, H. Hosono, “Chirped-pulse amplification of ultraviolet femtosecond pulses by use of Ce3+:LiCaAlF6 as a broadband, solid-state gain medium,” Opt. Lett. 26, 301–303 (2001).
[CrossRef]

K. Shimamura, S. L. Baldochi, I. M. Ranieri, H. Sato, T. Fujita, V. L. Mazzocchi, C. B. R. Parente, C. O. Paiva-Santos, C. V. Santilli, N. Sarukura, T. Fukuda, “Crystal growth of Ce-doped and undoped LiCaAlF6 by the Czochralski technique under CF4 atmosphere,” J. Cryst. Growth 223, 383–388 (2001).
[CrossRef]

K. Shimamura, N. Mujilatu, K. Nakano, S. L. Baldochi, Z. Liu, H. Ohtake, N. Sarukura, T. Fukuda, “Growth and characterization of Ce-doped LiCaAlF6 single crystals,” J. Cryst. Growth 197, 896–900 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Z. Liu, S. Izumida, H. Ohtake, N. Sarukura, K. Shimamura, N. Mujilatu, S. L. Baldochi, T. Fukuda, “High-pulse-energy, all-solid-state, ultraviolet laser oscillator using large Czochralski-grown Ce:LiCaF crystal,” Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 37, L1318–L1319 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Shiraishi, H.

Y. Suzuki, S. Ono, H. Murakami, T. Kozeki, H. Ohtake, N. Sarukura, G. Masada, H. Shiraishi, I. Sekine, “0.43-J, 10-Hz fourth-harmonic generation of Nd:YAG laser using large Li2B4O7 crystals,” Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 41, L823–L824 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Shore, B. W.

B. C. Stuart, M. D. Feit, A. M. Rubenchik, B. W. Shore, M. P. Perry, “Laser-induced damage in dielectrics with nanosecond to subpicosecond pulses,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 74, 2248–2251 (1995).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Sibata, T.

For example, M. Maeda, T. Sibata, H. Akiyoshi, “Optimum wavelengths in solar-blind UV ozone lidars,” Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 29, 2843–2846 (1990).
[CrossRef]

Siegman, A. E.

A. E. Siegman, Lasers (University Science, Mill Valley, Calif., 1987), p. 552.

Simon, P.

For example, P. Simon, J. Bekesi, C. Dolle, J.-H. Klein-Wiele, G. Marowsky, S. Szatmari, B. Wellegehausen, “Ultraviolet femtosecond pulses: key technology for sub-micron machining and efficient XUV pulse generation,” in Ultrafast Optics 2001, Montebello, Canada, Book of Abstracts, D. Villeneuve, ed. (Springer-Verlag, Berlin, 2001), pp. 75–79.

Smith, I. C.

Speck, D. R.

Speth, J. A.

Squire, J.

Stuart, B. C.

B. C. Stuart, M. D. Feit, A. M. Rubenchik, B. W. Shore, M. P. Perry, “Laser-induced damage in dielectrics with nanosecond to subpicosecond pulses,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 74, 2248–2251 (1995).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Sugawara, T.

R. Komatsu, T. Sugawara, K. Sassa, N. Sarukura, Z. Liu, S. Izumida, Y. Segawa, S. Uda, T. Fukuda, K. Yamanouchi, “Growth and ultraviolet application of Li2B4O7 crystals generation of the fourth and fifth harmonics of Nd:Y3Al5O12 lasers,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 70, 3492–3494 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Suzuki, Y.

Y. Suzuki, S. Ono, H. Murakami, T. Kozeki, H. Ohtake, N. Sarukura, G. Masada, H. Shiraishi, I. Sekine, “0.43-J, 10-Hz fourth-harmonic generation of Nd:YAG laser using large Li2B4O7 crystals,” Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 41, L823–L824 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Z. L. Liu, T. Kozeki, Y. Suzuki, N. Sarukura, K. Shimamura, T. Fukuda, M. Hirano, H. Hosono “Ce3+:LiCaAlF6 crystal for high-gain or high-peak-power amplification of ultraviolet femtosecond pulses and new potential ultraviolet gain medium: Ce3+:LiSr0.8Ca0.2AlF6,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 7, 542–550 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Z. Liu, T. Kozeki, Y. Suzuki, N. Sarukura, K. Shimamura, T. Fukuda, M. Hirano, H. Hosono, “Chirped-pulse amplification of ultraviolet femtosecond pulses by use of Ce3+:LiCaAlF6 as a broadband, solid-state gain medium,” Opt. Lett. 26, 301–303 (2001).
[CrossRef]

N. Sarukura, Z. Liu, Y. Segawa, K. Edamatsu, Y. Suzuki, T. Itoh, V.V. Semashko, A. K. Naumov, S. L. Korableva, R. Y. Abdulsabirov, M. A. Dubinskii, “Ce3+:LuLiF4 as a broad-band ultraviolet amplification medium,” Opt. Lett. 20, 294–296 (1995).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

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S. Szatmari, “High-brightness ultraviolet excimer lasers,” Appl. Phys. B 58, 211–223 (1994).
[CrossRef]

For example, P. Simon, J. Bekesi, C. Dolle, J.-H. Klein-Wiele, G. Marowsky, S. Szatmari, B. Wellegehausen, “Ultraviolet femtosecond pulses: key technology for sub-micron machining and efficient XUV pulse generation,” in Ultrafast Optics 2001, Montebello, Canada, Book of Abstracts, D. Villeneuve, ed. (Springer-Verlag, Berlin, 2001), pp. 75–79.

Uda, S.

R. Komatsu, T. Sugawara, K. Sassa, N. Sarukura, Z. Liu, S. Izumida, Y. Segawa, S. Uda, T. Fukuda, K. Yamanouchi, “Growth and ultraviolet application of Li2B4O7 crystals generation of the fourth and fifth harmonics of Nd:Y3Al5O12 lasers,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 70, 3492–3494 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Umstadter, D.

VanWonterghem, B. M.

Wagner, R.

Wang, H.

Wang, X.

Watanabe, M.

For example, N. Sarukura, K. Hata, T. Adachi, R. Nodomi, M. Watanabe, S. Watanabe, “Coherent soft-X-ray generation by the harmonics of an ultrahigh-power KrF laser,” Phys. Rev. A 43, 1669–1672 (1991).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

R. Nodomi, Y. Oeda, K. Sajiki, S. Nakajima, M. Watanabe, S. Watanabe, “High repetition rate, wide-aperture KrF lasers for subpicosecond amplification,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 27, 441–447 (1991).
[CrossRef]

Watanabe, S.

Y. Nabekawa, K. Kondo, N. Sarukura, K. Sajiki, S. Watanabe, “Terawatt KrF/Ti:sapphire hybrid laser system,” Opt. Lett. 18, 1922–1924 (1993).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

For example, N. Sarukura, K. Hata, T. Adachi, R. Nodomi, M. Watanabe, S. Watanabe, “Coherent soft-X-ray generation by the harmonics of an ultrahigh-power KrF laser,” Phys. Rev. A 43, 1669–1672 (1991).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

R. Nodomi, Y. Oeda, K. Sajiki, S. Nakajima, M. Watanabe, S. Watanabe, “High repetition rate, wide-aperture KrF lasers for subpicosecond amplification,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 27, 441–447 (1991).
[CrossRef]

Wellegehausen, B.

For example, P. Simon, J. Bekesi, C. Dolle, J.-H. Klein-Wiele, G. Marowsky, S. Szatmari, B. Wellegehausen, “Ultraviolet femtosecond pulses: key technology for sub-micron machining and efficient XUV pulse generation,” in Ultrafast Optics 2001, Montebello, Canada, Book of Abstracts, D. Villeneuve, ed. (Springer-Verlag, Berlin, 2001), pp. 75–79.

Wilson, K. R.

Yakovlev, V. V.

Yamakawa, K.

Yamanouchi, K.

R. Komatsu, T. Sugawara, K. Sassa, N. Sarukura, Z. Liu, S. Izumida, Y. Segawa, S. Uda, T. Fukuda, K. Yamanouchi, “Growth and ultraviolet application of Li2B4O7 crystals generation of the fourth and fifth harmonics of Nd:Y3Al5O12 lasers,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 70, 3492–3494 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Appl. Opt. (4)

Appl. Phys. B (1)

S. Szatmari, “High-brightness ultraviolet excimer lasers,” Appl. Phys. B 58, 211–223 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Appl. Phys. Lett. (1)

R. Komatsu, T. Sugawara, K. Sassa, N. Sarukura, Z. Liu, S. Izumida, Y. Segawa, S. Uda, T. Fukuda, K. Yamanouchi, “Growth and ultraviolet application of Li2B4O7 crystals generation of the fourth and fifth harmonics of Nd:Y3Al5O12 lasers,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 70, 3492–3494 (1997).
[CrossRef]

IEEE J. Quantum Electron. (1)

R. Nodomi, Y. Oeda, K. Sajiki, S. Nakajima, M. Watanabe, S. Watanabe, “High repetition rate, wide-aperture KrF lasers for subpicosecond amplification,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 27, 441–447 (1991).
[CrossRef]

IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. (1)

Z. L. Liu, T. Kozeki, Y. Suzuki, N. Sarukura, K. Shimamura, T. Fukuda, M. Hirano, H. Hosono “Ce3+:LiCaAlF6 crystal for high-gain or high-peak-power amplification of ultraviolet femtosecond pulses and new potential ultraviolet gain medium: Ce3+:LiSr0.8Ca0.2AlF6,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 7, 542–550 (2001).
[CrossRef]

J. Appl. Phys. (1)

L. M. Frantz, J. S. Nodvick, “Theory of pulse propagation in a laser amplifier,” J. Appl. Phys. 34, 2346–2349 (1963).
[CrossRef]

J. Cryst. Growth (2)

K. Shimamura, N. Mujilatu, K. Nakano, S. L. Baldochi, Z. Liu, H. Ohtake, N. Sarukura, T. Fukuda, “Growth and characterization of Ce-doped LiCaAlF6 single crystals,” J. Cryst. Growth 197, 896–900 (1999).
[CrossRef]

K. Shimamura, S. L. Baldochi, I. M. Ranieri, H. Sato, T. Fujita, V. L. Mazzocchi, C. B. R. Parente, C. O. Paiva-Santos, C. V. Santilli, N. Sarukura, T. Fukuda, “Crystal growth of Ce-doped and undoped LiCaAlF6 by the Czochralski technique under CF4 atmosphere,” J. Cryst. Growth 223, 383–388 (2001).
[CrossRef]

J. Mod. Opt. (1)

M. A. Dubinskii, V. V. Semashko, A. K. Naumov, R. Y. Abdulsabirov, S. L. Korableva, “Ce3+ -doped colquiriite–a new concept of all-solid-state tunable ultraviolet laser,” J. Mod. Opt. 40, 1–5 (1993).
[CrossRef]

J. Opt. Soc. Am. B (2)

Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. (4)

Z. Liu, S. Izumida, H. Ohtake, N. Sarukura, K. Shimamura, N. Mujilatu, S. L. Baldochi, T. Fukuda, “High-pulse-energy, all-solid-state, ultraviolet laser oscillator using large Czochralski-grown Ce:LiCaF crystal,” Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 37, L1318–L1319 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Y. Mori, I. Kuroda, S. Nakajima, T. Sasaki, S. Nakai, “Nonlinear-optical properties of cesium lithium borate,” Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 34, L296–L298 (1995).
[CrossRef]

For example, M. Maeda, T. Sibata, H. Akiyoshi, “Optimum wavelengths in solar-blind UV ozone lidars,” Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 29, 2843–2846 (1990).
[CrossRef]

Y. Suzuki, S. Ono, H. Murakami, T. Kozeki, H. Ohtake, N. Sarukura, G. Masada, H. Shiraishi, I. Sekine, “0.43-J, 10-Hz fourth-harmonic generation of Nd:YAG laser using large Li2B4O7 crystals,” Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 41, L823–L824 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Lett. (6)

Phys. Rev. A (1)

For example, N. Sarukura, K. Hata, T. Adachi, R. Nodomi, M. Watanabe, S. Watanabe, “Coherent soft-X-ray generation by the harmonics of an ultrahigh-power KrF laser,” Phys. Rev. A 43, 1669–1672 (1991).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Phys. Rev. Lett. (1)

B. C. Stuart, M. D. Feit, A. M. Rubenchik, B. W. Shore, M. P. Perry, “Laser-induced damage in dielectrics with nanosecond to subpicosecond pulses,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 74, 2248–2251 (1995).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Other (4)

A. E. Siegman, Lasers (University Science, Mill Valley, Calif., 1987), p. 552.

CVI Laser Corporation (200 Drado Place SE, Box 11308, Albuquerque, N. Mex.) Catalog, Laser Optics and Coatings, p. 164.

For example, P. Simon, J. Bekesi, C. Dolle, J.-H. Klein-Wiele, G. Marowsky, S. Szatmari, B. Wellegehausen, “Ultraviolet femtosecond pulses: key technology for sub-micron machining and efficient XUV pulse generation,” in Ultrafast Optics 2001, Montebello, Canada, Book of Abstracts, D. Villeneuve, ed. (Springer-Verlag, Berlin, 2001), pp. 75–79.

A. Dubinskii, R. Y. Abdulsabirov, S. L. Korableva, A. K. Naumov, V. V. Semashko, “Tunable Ce:LLF laser in ultraviolet region,” in Proceedings of International Quantum Electronics Conference (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1992), paper FrL2.

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Figures (6)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

11-cm-diameter Czochralski-grown LiCAF boule. The growth direction is along the c axis.

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

The experimental setup of a coaxially pumped large-aperture Ce:LiCAF double-pass power-amplifier module. A conventional Ce:LiCAF master oscillator and preamplifier delivered 15-mJ, 3-ns probe pulses at 290 nm for the characterization of this module. A large Brewster plate (1 × 2 × 2 cm3) was used as the gain medium. A bow-tie double-pass geometry with 3-ns delay for the second amplification was selected to achieve less relaxation of gain and no significant temporal overlap of the probe pulse at the crystal.

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

(a) Pulse shape of probe pulse. The pulse width is 3 ns. (b) Output energy dependence on the delay between the probe pulse and the pumping pulse.

Fig. 4
Fig. 4

Output-energy dependence on input energy. The spot size A and pump energy E p are 0.38 cm2 and 0.38 J, respectively. Assuming the Frantz–Nodvik relation, saturation fluence E sat and small signal gain coefficient G 0 are evaluated 77 mJ/cm2 and 39 times, respectively.

Fig. 5
Fig. 5

Small-signal gain coefficient dependence on pump energy.

Fig. 6
Fig. 6

Calculated output fluence and extraction efficiency for different beam diameters with the fixed pump energy. The damage thresholds of the coating for a shorter pulse duration are also calculated according to a τ1/2 dependence of the damage threshold. The output fluence for shorter pulse durations is limited by the damage threshold of mirrors.

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