Abstract

Experimental validation of a distortion removal technique for multi-chip free-space optical shuffle interconnections is presented. The free-space fabric links dense two-dimensional arrays of vertical cavity surface emitting laser(s) (VCSEL)(s) and detectors and must achieve full field registration on the order of 10 microns across the entire array. The new hybrid micro-macro optical concept realizes the required high-registration accuracy by simultaneously eliminating distortion in each of the interleaved off-axis imaging systems that comprise the complete fabric. This is achieved by exploiting the typically low numerical aperture of VCSELs. Individually tailored beam-deflecting micro-optical elements were used to create symmetry about a central aperture for VCSEL beams in the optical system. Experiments were developed to quantify the registration accuracy, the VCSEL images, and the associated spot sizes. The experimental results show that beam steering can be implemented to remove distortion in off-axis free-space optical-interconnection systems.

© 2002 Optical Society of America

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    [CrossRef]

2002

M. P. Christensen, P. Milojkovic, M. W. Haney, “Analysis of beam steering as a method for distortion removal in free-space optical interconnections,” Opt. Soc. Am. A, 19, (2002).
[CrossRef]

1998

1996

R. R. Michael, M. P. Christensen, Michael W. Haney, “Experimental evaluation of the 3-D optical shuffle module of the sliding banyan architecture,” J. Lightwave Technol. 14, 1970–1978 (1996).
[CrossRef]

1993

1992

M. W. Haney, “Pipelined optoelectronic free-space permutation network,” Opt. Lett. 17, 283–285 (1992).
[CrossRef]

1991

1988

1987

1986

Athale, R. A.

Bounnak, S.

M. W. Haney, M. P. Christensen, P. Milojkovic, J. Ekman, P. Chandramani, R. Rozier, F. Kiamilev, Y. Liu, M. Hibbs-Brenner, J. Nohava, E. Kalweit, S. Bounnak, T. Marta, B. Walterson, “FAST-Net Optical Interconnection Prototype Demonstration Program,” In Optoelectronic Interconnects V, R. T. Chen, J. P. Bristow, eds., Proc. SPIE3288, 194–203 (1998).

Brenner, K.-H.

Chandramani, P.

M. W. Haney, M. P. Christensen, P. Milojkovic, J. Ekman, P. Chandramani, R. Rozier, F. Kiamilev, Y. Liu, M. Hibbs-Brenner, J. Nohava, E. Kalweit, S. Bounnak, T. Marta, B. Walterson, “FAST-Net Optical Interconnection Prototype Demonstration Program,” In Optoelectronic Interconnects V, R. T. Chen, J. P. Bristow, eds., Proc. SPIE3288, 194–203 (1998).

Christensen, M. P.

M. P. Christensen, P. Milojkovic, M. W. Haney, “Analysis of beam steering as a method for distortion removal in free-space optical interconnections,” Opt. Soc. Am. A, 19, (2002).
[CrossRef]

M. W. Haney, M. P. Christensen, “Performance scaling comparison for free-space optical and electrical interconnection approaches,” Appl. Opt. 37, 2886–2894 (1998).
[CrossRef]

R. R. Michael, M. P. Christensen, Michael W. Haney, “Experimental evaluation of the 3-D optical shuffle module of the sliding banyan architecture,” J. Lightwave Technol. 14, 1970–1978 (1996).
[CrossRef]

M. W. Haney, M. P. Christensen, “Optical free-space sliding tandem Banyan architecture for self-routing switching networks,” in Digest of the International Conference on Optical Computing (Heriot-Watt Univ., Edinburgh, UK, 1994), pp. 249–250.

M. W. Haney, M. P. Christensen, P. Milojkovic, J. Ekman, P. Chandramani, R. Rozier, F. Kiamilev, Y. Liu, M. Hibbs-Brenner, J. Nohava, E. Kalweit, S. Bounnak, T. Marta, B. Walterson, “FAST-Net Optical Interconnection Prototype Demonstration Program,” In Optoelectronic Interconnects V, R. T. Chen, J. P. Bristow, eds., Proc. SPIE3288, 194–203 (1998).

Eichmann, G.

Ekman, J.

M. W. Haney, M. P. Christensen, P. Milojkovic, J. Ekman, P. Chandramani, R. Rozier, F. Kiamilev, Y. Liu, M. Hibbs-Brenner, J. Nohava, E. Kalweit, S. Bounnak, T. Marta, B. Walterson, “FAST-Net Optical Interconnection Prototype Demonstration Program,” In Optoelectronic Interconnects V, R. T. Chen, J. P. Bristow, eds., Proc. SPIE3288, 194–203 (1998).

Esener, S. C.

Glaser, I.

A. A. Sawchuk, I. Glaser, “Geometries for optical implementations of the perfect shuffle,” In Optical Computing 88, P. H. Chavel, J. W. Goodman, G. Roblin, Eds., Proc. SPIE963, 270–282 (1988).

Haney, M. W.

M. P. Christensen, P. Milojkovic, M. W. Haney, “Analysis of beam steering as a method for distortion removal in free-space optical interconnections,” Opt. Soc. Am. A, 19, (2002).
[CrossRef]

M. W. Haney, M. P. Christensen, “Performance scaling comparison for free-space optical and electrical interconnection approaches,” Appl. Opt. 37, 2886–2894 (1998).
[CrossRef]

M. W. Haney, “Pipelined optoelectronic free-space permutation network,” Opt. Lett. 17, 283–285 (1992).
[CrossRef]

M. W. Haney, J. J. Levy, “Optically efficient free-space folded perfect shuffle network,” Appl. Opt. 30, 2833–2840 (1991).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

C. W. Stirk, R. A. Athale, M. W. Haney, “Folded perfect shuffle optical processor,” Appl. Opt. 27, 202–203 (1988).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

M. W. Haney, M. P. Christensen, P. Milojkovic, J. Ekman, P. Chandramani, R. Rozier, F. Kiamilev, Y. Liu, M. Hibbs-Brenner, J. Nohava, E. Kalweit, S. Bounnak, T. Marta, B. Walterson, “FAST-Net Optical Interconnection Prototype Demonstration Program,” In Optoelectronic Interconnects V, R. T. Chen, J. P. Bristow, eds., Proc. SPIE3288, 194–203 (1998).

M. W. Haney, M. P. Christensen, “Optical free-space sliding tandem Banyan architecture for self-routing switching networks,” in Digest of the International Conference on Optical Computing (Heriot-Watt Univ., Edinburgh, UK, 1994), pp. 249–250.

Haney, Michael W.

R. R. Michael, M. P. Christensen, Michael W. Haney, “Experimental evaluation of the 3-D optical shuffle module of the sliding banyan architecture,” J. Lightwave Technol. 14, 1970–1978 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Harvey, P.

Hibbs-Brenner, M.

M. W. Haney, M. P. Christensen, P. Milojkovic, J. Ekman, P. Chandramani, R. Rozier, F. Kiamilev, Y. Liu, M. Hibbs-Brenner, J. Nohava, E. Kalweit, S. Bounnak, T. Marta, B. Walterson, “FAST-Net Optical Interconnection Prototype Demonstration Program,” In Optoelectronic Interconnects V, R. T. Chen, J. P. Bristow, eds., Proc. SPIE3288, 194–203 (1998).

Huang, A.

Kalweit, E.

M. W. Haney, M. P. Christensen, P. Milojkovic, J. Ekman, P. Chandramani, R. Rozier, F. Kiamilev, Y. Liu, M. Hibbs-Brenner, J. Nohava, E. Kalweit, S. Bounnak, T. Marta, B. Walterson, “FAST-Net Optical Interconnection Prototype Demonstration Program,” In Optoelectronic Interconnects V, R. T. Chen, J. P. Bristow, eds., Proc. SPIE3288, 194–203 (1998).

Kiamilev, F.

M. W. Haney, M. P. Christensen, P. Milojkovic, J. Ekman, P. Chandramani, R. Rozier, F. Kiamilev, Y. Liu, M. Hibbs-Brenner, J. Nohava, E. Kalweit, S. Bounnak, T. Marta, B. Walterson, “FAST-Net Optical Interconnection Prototype Demonstration Program,” In Optoelectronic Interconnects V, R. T. Chen, J. P. Bristow, eds., Proc. SPIE3288, 194–203 (1998).

Kingslake, R.

R. Kingslake, Lens Design Fundamentals (Academic, San Diego, Calif., 1978).

Krile, T. F.

S.-H. Lin, T. F. Krile, J. F. Walkup, “2-D Optical Multistage Interconnection Networks,” In Digital Optical Computing, R. Arratiloon, Ed., Proc. SPIE752, 209–216 (1987).

Levy, J. J.

Li, Y.

Lin, S.-H.

S.-H. Lin, T. F. Krile, J. F. Walkup, “2-D Optical Multistage Interconnection Networks,” In Digital Optical Computing, R. Arratiloon, Ed., Proc. SPIE752, 209–216 (1987).

Liu, Y.

M. W. Haney, M. P. Christensen, P. Milojkovic, J. Ekman, P. Chandramani, R. Rozier, F. Kiamilev, Y. Liu, M. Hibbs-Brenner, J. Nohava, E. Kalweit, S. Bounnak, T. Marta, B. Walterson, “FAST-Net Optical Interconnection Prototype Demonstration Program,” In Optoelectronic Interconnects V, R. T. Chen, J. P. Bristow, eds., Proc. SPIE3288, 194–203 (1998).

Lohmann, A. W.

Marchand, P. J.

Marsden, G. C.

Marta, T.

M. W. Haney, M. P. Christensen, P. Milojkovic, J. Ekman, P. Chandramani, R. Rozier, F. Kiamilev, Y. Liu, M. Hibbs-Brenner, J. Nohava, E. Kalweit, S. Bounnak, T. Marta, B. Walterson, “FAST-Net Optical Interconnection Prototype Demonstration Program,” In Optoelectronic Interconnects V, R. T. Chen, J. P. Bristow, eds., Proc. SPIE3288, 194–203 (1998).

Michael, R. R.

R. R. Michael, M. P. Christensen, Michael W. Haney, “Experimental evaluation of the 3-D optical shuffle module of the sliding banyan architecture,” J. Lightwave Technol. 14, 1970–1978 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Milojkovic, P.

M. P. Christensen, P. Milojkovic, M. W. Haney, “Analysis of beam steering as a method for distortion removal in free-space optical interconnections,” Opt. Soc. Am. A, 19, (2002).
[CrossRef]

M. W. Haney, M. P. Christensen, P. Milojkovic, J. Ekman, P. Chandramani, R. Rozier, F. Kiamilev, Y. Liu, M. Hibbs-Brenner, J. Nohava, E. Kalweit, S. Bounnak, T. Marta, B. Walterson, “FAST-Net Optical Interconnection Prototype Demonstration Program,” In Optoelectronic Interconnects V, R. T. Chen, J. P. Bristow, eds., Proc. SPIE3288, 194–203 (1998).

Nohava, J.

M. W. Haney, M. P. Christensen, P. Milojkovic, J. Ekman, P. Chandramani, R. Rozier, F. Kiamilev, Y. Liu, M. Hibbs-Brenner, J. Nohava, E. Kalweit, S. Bounnak, T. Marta, B. Walterson, “FAST-Net Optical Interconnection Prototype Demonstration Program,” In Optoelectronic Interconnects V, R. T. Chen, J. P. Bristow, eds., Proc. SPIE3288, 194–203 (1998).

Rozier, R.

M. W. Haney, M. P. Christensen, P. Milojkovic, J. Ekman, P. Chandramani, R. Rozier, F. Kiamilev, Y. Liu, M. Hibbs-Brenner, J. Nohava, E. Kalweit, S. Bounnak, T. Marta, B. Walterson, “FAST-Net Optical Interconnection Prototype Demonstration Program,” In Optoelectronic Interconnects V, R. T. Chen, J. P. Bristow, eds., Proc. SPIE3288, 194–203 (1998).

Sawchuk, A. A.

A. A. Sawchuk, I. Glaser, “Geometries for optical implementations of the perfect shuffle,” In Optical Computing 88, P. H. Chavel, J. W. Goodman, G. Roblin, Eds., Proc. SPIE963, 270–282 (1988).

Smith, T.

T. Smith, “The changes is aberrations when the object and stop are moved,: Trans. Opt. Soc. 23, 139–153 (1921/1922).

Steward, G. C.

G. C. Steward, The Symmetrical Optical System (Cambridge University, Cambridge, UK, 1928).

Stirk, C. W.

Walkup, J. F.

S.-H. Lin, T. F. Krile, J. F. Walkup, “2-D Optical Multistage Interconnection Networks,” In Digital Optical Computing, R. Arratiloon, Ed., Proc. SPIE752, 209–216 (1987).

Walterson, B.

M. W. Haney, M. P. Christensen, P. Milojkovic, J. Ekman, P. Chandramani, R. Rozier, F. Kiamilev, Y. Liu, M. Hibbs-Brenner, J. Nohava, E. Kalweit, S. Bounnak, T. Marta, B. Walterson, “FAST-Net Optical Interconnection Prototype Demonstration Program,” In Optoelectronic Interconnects V, R. T. Chen, J. P. Bristow, eds., Proc. SPIE3288, 194–203 (1998).

Appl. Opt.

J. Lightwave Technol.

R. R. Michael, M. P. Christensen, Michael W. Haney, “Experimental evaluation of the 3-D optical shuffle module of the sliding banyan architecture,” J. Lightwave Technol. 14, 1970–1978 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Lett.

Opt. Soc. Am. A

M. P. Christensen, P. Milojkovic, M. W. Haney, “Analysis of beam steering as a method for distortion removal in free-space optical interconnections,” Opt. Soc. Am. A, 19, (2002).
[CrossRef]

Trans. Opt. Soc.

T. Smith, “The changes is aberrations when the object and stop are moved,: Trans. Opt. Soc. 23, 139–153 (1921/1922).

Other

G. C. Steward, The Symmetrical Optical System (Cambridge University, Cambridge, UK, 1928).

R. Kingslake, Lens Design Fundamentals (Academic, San Diego, Calif., 1978).

M. W. Haney, M. P. Christensen, P. Milojkovic, J. Ekman, P. Chandramani, R. Rozier, F. Kiamilev, Y. Liu, M. Hibbs-Brenner, J. Nohava, E. Kalweit, S. Bounnak, T. Marta, B. Walterson, “FAST-Net Optical Interconnection Prototype Demonstration Program,” In Optoelectronic Interconnects V, R. T. Chen, J. P. Bristow, eds., Proc. SPIE3288, 194–203 (1998).

M. W. Haney, M. P. Christensen, “Optical free-space sliding tandem Banyan architecture for self-routing switching networks,” in Digest of the International Conference on Optical Computing (Heriot-Watt Univ., Edinburgh, UK, 1994), pp. 249–250.

S.-H. Lin, T. F. Krile, J. F. Walkup, “2-D Optical Multistage Interconnection Networks,” In Digital Optical Computing, R. Arratiloon, Ed., Proc. SPIE752, 209–216 (1987).

A. A. Sawchuk, I. Glaser, “Geometries for optical implementations of the perfect shuffle,” In Optical Computing 88, P. H. Chavel, J. W. Goodman, G. Roblin, Eds., Proc. SPIE963, 270–282 (1988).

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