Abstract

In a stereoscopic full-color LED display by use of a parallax barrier, we discuss optimization of the viewing area, which depends on the width of the black regions between LEDs. Although conventional stereoscopic displays use a parallax barrier to permit the viewer to view stereoscopic images without any special glasses, their viewing area is restricted by crosstalk and the disappearing of pixels. Widening of the viewing area is examined by use of full-color panels with black regions having different widths. The optimum aperture ratio of the parallax barrier is obtained by analyzing the viewing area. An enlarged viewing area has been demonstrated by use of a 3-in-1 chip LED panel that has wider black regions than ordinary LED lamp cluster panels.

© 2002 Optical Society of America

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  1. K. Bando, “Application of high-brightness InGaN LED for large size full color display,” in Proceedings of The Sixth International Display Workshops (Institute of Image Information and Television Engineers and Society for Information Display, Japan Chapter, Sendai, Japan, 1999), pp. 997–1000.
  2. H. Yamamoto, S. Muguruma, T. Sato, Y. Hayasaki, Y. Nagai, Y. Shimizu, N. Nishida, “Stereoscopic large display using full color LED panel,” in Proceedings of The Fifth International Display Workshops (Institute of Image Information and Television Engineers and Society for Information Display, Japan Chapter, Kobe, Japan, 1998), pp. 725–728.
  3. S. H. Kaplan, “Theory of Parallax Barriers,” J. SMPTE 59, 11–21 (1952).
    [CrossRef]
  4. G. B. K. Meacham, “Autostereoscopic displays-past and future,” in Advances in Display Technology VI, Proc. SPIE624, 90–101 (1986).
  5. A. R. L. Travis, “Autostereoscopic 3-D display,” Appl. Opt. 29, 4341–4343 (1990).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  6. N. A. Dodgson, “Analysis of the viewing zone of the Cambridge autostereoscopic display,” Appl. Opt. 35, 1705–1710 (1996).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  7. H. Isono, M. Yasuda, D. Takemori, H. Kanayama, C. Yamada, K. Chiba, “50-inch Autostereoscopic Full-Color 3-D TV Display System,” in Stereoscopic Displays and Applications III, J. O. Merritt, S. S. Fisher, eds., Proc. SPIE 1669, 176–185 (1992).
  8. D. Takemori, K. Kanatani, S. Kishimoto, S. Yoshii, H. Kanayama, “3-D Display with Large Double Lenticular Screens,” in 1995 SID International Symposium, Digest of Technical Papers (Society for Information Display, 610 S. 2nd Street, San Jose, Calif. 95112), May 23–25, 1995, Orlando, Fla, pp. 55–58.
  9. S. A. Benton, T. E. Slowe, A. B. Kropp, S. L. Smith, “Micropolarizer-based multiple-viewer autostereoscopic display,” in Stereoscopic Displays and Virtual Reality Systems VI, J. O. Merritt, M. T. Bolas, S. S. Fisher, eds., Proc. SPIE3639, 76–83 (1999).
  10. G. Hamagishi, M. Sakata, A. Yamashita, K. Mashitani, E. Nakayama, S. Kishimoto, K. Kanatani, “Stereoscopic LCDs without Special Glasses,” in 1995 SID International Symposium, Digest of Applications Papers (Society for Information Display, 610 S. 2nd Street, San Jose, Calif. 95112), May 23–25, 1995, Orlando, Fla, pp. 75–78.
  11. K. Perlin, S. Paxia, J. S. Kollin, “An Autostereoscopic Display,” in Computer Graphics, Proc. of ACM SIGGRAPH 2000, Conference Proceedings, New Orleans, La.July 23–28, 2000319–326 (2000).
  12. J. Hamasaki, M. Okada, S. Utsunomiya, “Autostereoscopic 3D TV on a CRT,” in 1991 SID International Symposium, Digest of Technical Papers (Society for Information Display, 610 S. 2nd Street, San Jose, Calif. 95112), May 6–10, 1991, Anaheim, Calif., pp. 844–847.
  13. H. Yamamoto, S. Muguruma, T. Sato, K. Ono, Y. Hayasaki, Y. Nagai, Y. Shimizu, N. Nishida, “Stereoscopic full color LED display using parallax barrier,” in Proceedings of The Sixth International Display Workshops (Institute of Image Information and Television Engineers and Society for Information Display, Japan Chapter, Sendai, Japan, 1999), pp. 1001–1004.
  14. H. Yamamoto, S. Muguruma, T. Sato, K. Ono, Y. Hayasaki, Y. Nagai, Y. Shimizu, N. Nishida, “Optimum parameters and viewing areas of stereoscopic full-color LED display using parallax barrier,” IEICE Trans. Electron. E83-C, 1632–1639 (2000).

2000 (1)

H. Yamamoto, S. Muguruma, T. Sato, K. Ono, Y. Hayasaki, Y. Nagai, Y. Shimizu, N. Nishida, “Optimum parameters and viewing areas of stereoscopic full-color LED display using parallax barrier,” IEICE Trans. Electron. E83-C, 1632–1639 (2000).

1996 (1)

1990 (1)

1952 (1)

S. H. Kaplan, “Theory of Parallax Barriers,” J. SMPTE 59, 11–21 (1952).
[CrossRef]

Bando, K.

K. Bando, “Application of high-brightness InGaN LED for large size full color display,” in Proceedings of The Sixth International Display Workshops (Institute of Image Information and Television Engineers and Society for Information Display, Japan Chapter, Sendai, Japan, 1999), pp. 997–1000.

Benton, S. A.

S. A. Benton, T. E. Slowe, A. B. Kropp, S. L. Smith, “Micropolarizer-based multiple-viewer autostereoscopic display,” in Stereoscopic Displays and Virtual Reality Systems VI, J. O. Merritt, M. T. Bolas, S. S. Fisher, eds., Proc. SPIE3639, 76–83 (1999).

Chiba, K.

H. Isono, M. Yasuda, D. Takemori, H. Kanayama, C. Yamada, K. Chiba, “50-inch Autostereoscopic Full-Color 3-D TV Display System,” in Stereoscopic Displays and Applications III, J. O. Merritt, S. S. Fisher, eds., Proc. SPIE 1669, 176–185 (1992).

Dodgson, N. A.

Hamagishi, G.

G. Hamagishi, M. Sakata, A. Yamashita, K. Mashitani, E. Nakayama, S. Kishimoto, K. Kanatani, “Stereoscopic LCDs without Special Glasses,” in 1995 SID International Symposium, Digest of Applications Papers (Society for Information Display, 610 S. 2nd Street, San Jose, Calif. 95112), May 23–25, 1995, Orlando, Fla, pp. 75–78.

Hamasaki, J.

J. Hamasaki, M. Okada, S. Utsunomiya, “Autostereoscopic 3D TV on a CRT,” in 1991 SID International Symposium, Digest of Technical Papers (Society for Information Display, 610 S. 2nd Street, San Jose, Calif. 95112), May 6–10, 1991, Anaheim, Calif., pp. 844–847.

Hayasaki, Y.

H. Yamamoto, S. Muguruma, T. Sato, K. Ono, Y. Hayasaki, Y. Nagai, Y. Shimizu, N. Nishida, “Optimum parameters and viewing areas of stereoscopic full-color LED display using parallax barrier,” IEICE Trans. Electron. E83-C, 1632–1639 (2000).

H. Yamamoto, S. Muguruma, T. Sato, K. Ono, Y. Hayasaki, Y. Nagai, Y. Shimizu, N. Nishida, “Stereoscopic full color LED display using parallax barrier,” in Proceedings of The Sixth International Display Workshops (Institute of Image Information and Television Engineers and Society for Information Display, Japan Chapter, Sendai, Japan, 1999), pp. 1001–1004.

H. Yamamoto, S. Muguruma, T. Sato, Y. Hayasaki, Y. Nagai, Y. Shimizu, N. Nishida, “Stereoscopic large display using full color LED panel,” in Proceedings of The Fifth International Display Workshops (Institute of Image Information and Television Engineers and Society for Information Display, Japan Chapter, Kobe, Japan, 1998), pp. 725–728.

Isono, H.

H. Isono, M. Yasuda, D. Takemori, H. Kanayama, C. Yamada, K. Chiba, “50-inch Autostereoscopic Full-Color 3-D TV Display System,” in Stereoscopic Displays and Applications III, J. O. Merritt, S. S. Fisher, eds., Proc. SPIE 1669, 176–185 (1992).

Kanatani, K.

D. Takemori, K. Kanatani, S. Kishimoto, S. Yoshii, H. Kanayama, “3-D Display with Large Double Lenticular Screens,” in 1995 SID International Symposium, Digest of Technical Papers (Society for Information Display, 610 S. 2nd Street, San Jose, Calif. 95112), May 23–25, 1995, Orlando, Fla, pp. 55–58.

G. Hamagishi, M. Sakata, A. Yamashita, K. Mashitani, E. Nakayama, S. Kishimoto, K. Kanatani, “Stereoscopic LCDs without Special Glasses,” in 1995 SID International Symposium, Digest of Applications Papers (Society for Information Display, 610 S. 2nd Street, San Jose, Calif. 95112), May 23–25, 1995, Orlando, Fla, pp. 75–78.

Kanayama, H.

D. Takemori, K. Kanatani, S. Kishimoto, S. Yoshii, H. Kanayama, “3-D Display with Large Double Lenticular Screens,” in 1995 SID International Symposium, Digest of Technical Papers (Society for Information Display, 610 S. 2nd Street, San Jose, Calif. 95112), May 23–25, 1995, Orlando, Fla, pp. 55–58.

H. Isono, M. Yasuda, D. Takemori, H. Kanayama, C. Yamada, K. Chiba, “50-inch Autostereoscopic Full-Color 3-D TV Display System,” in Stereoscopic Displays and Applications III, J. O. Merritt, S. S. Fisher, eds., Proc. SPIE 1669, 176–185 (1992).

Kaplan, S. H.

S. H. Kaplan, “Theory of Parallax Barriers,” J. SMPTE 59, 11–21 (1952).
[CrossRef]

Kishimoto, S.

G. Hamagishi, M. Sakata, A. Yamashita, K. Mashitani, E. Nakayama, S. Kishimoto, K. Kanatani, “Stereoscopic LCDs without Special Glasses,” in 1995 SID International Symposium, Digest of Applications Papers (Society for Information Display, 610 S. 2nd Street, San Jose, Calif. 95112), May 23–25, 1995, Orlando, Fla, pp. 75–78.

D. Takemori, K. Kanatani, S. Kishimoto, S. Yoshii, H. Kanayama, “3-D Display with Large Double Lenticular Screens,” in 1995 SID International Symposium, Digest of Technical Papers (Society for Information Display, 610 S. 2nd Street, San Jose, Calif. 95112), May 23–25, 1995, Orlando, Fla, pp. 55–58.

Kollin, J. S.

K. Perlin, S. Paxia, J. S. Kollin, “An Autostereoscopic Display,” in Computer Graphics, Proc. of ACM SIGGRAPH 2000, Conference Proceedings, New Orleans, La.July 23–28, 2000319–326 (2000).

Kropp, A. B.

S. A. Benton, T. E. Slowe, A. B. Kropp, S. L. Smith, “Micropolarizer-based multiple-viewer autostereoscopic display,” in Stereoscopic Displays and Virtual Reality Systems VI, J. O. Merritt, M. T. Bolas, S. S. Fisher, eds., Proc. SPIE3639, 76–83 (1999).

Mashitani, K.

G. Hamagishi, M. Sakata, A. Yamashita, K. Mashitani, E. Nakayama, S. Kishimoto, K. Kanatani, “Stereoscopic LCDs without Special Glasses,” in 1995 SID International Symposium, Digest of Applications Papers (Society for Information Display, 610 S. 2nd Street, San Jose, Calif. 95112), May 23–25, 1995, Orlando, Fla, pp. 75–78.

Meacham, G. B. K.

G. B. K. Meacham, “Autostereoscopic displays-past and future,” in Advances in Display Technology VI, Proc. SPIE624, 90–101 (1986).

Muguruma, S.

H. Yamamoto, S. Muguruma, T. Sato, K. Ono, Y. Hayasaki, Y. Nagai, Y. Shimizu, N. Nishida, “Optimum parameters and viewing areas of stereoscopic full-color LED display using parallax barrier,” IEICE Trans. Electron. E83-C, 1632–1639 (2000).

H. Yamamoto, S. Muguruma, T. Sato, K. Ono, Y. Hayasaki, Y. Nagai, Y. Shimizu, N. Nishida, “Stereoscopic full color LED display using parallax barrier,” in Proceedings of The Sixth International Display Workshops (Institute of Image Information and Television Engineers and Society for Information Display, Japan Chapter, Sendai, Japan, 1999), pp. 1001–1004.

H. Yamamoto, S. Muguruma, T. Sato, Y. Hayasaki, Y. Nagai, Y. Shimizu, N. Nishida, “Stereoscopic large display using full color LED panel,” in Proceedings of The Fifth International Display Workshops (Institute of Image Information and Television Engineers and Society for Information Display, Japan Chapter, Kobe, Japan, 1998), pp. 725–728.

Nagai, Y.

H. Yamamoto, S. Muguruma, T. Sato, K. Ono, Y. Hayasaki, Y. Nagai, Y. Shimizu, N. Nishida, “Optimum parameters and viewing areas of stereoscopic full-color LED display using parallax barrier,” IEICE Trans. Electron. E83-C, 1632–1639 (2000).

H. Yamamoto, S. Muguruma, T. Sato, K. Ono, Y. Hayasaki, Y. Nagai, Y. Shimizu, N. Nishida, “Stereoscopic full color LED display using parallax barrier,” in Proceedings of The Sixth International Display Workshops (Institute of Image Information and Television Engineers and Society for Information Display, Japan Chapter, Sendai, Japan, 1999), pp. 1001–1004.

H. Yamamoto, S. Muguruma, T. Sato, Y. Hayasaki, Y. Nagai, Y. Shimizu, N. Nishida, “Stereoscopic large display using full color LED panel,” in Proceedings of The Fifth International Display Workshops (Institute of Image Information and Television Engineers and Society for Information Display, Japan Chapter, Kobe, Japan, 1998), pp. 725–728.

Nakayama, E.

G. Hamagishi, M. Sakata, A. Yamashita, K. Mashitani, E. Nakayama, S. Kishimoto, K. Kanatani, “Stereoscopic LCDs without Special Glasses,” in 1995 SID International Symposium, Digest of Applications Papers (Society for Information Display, 610 S. 2nd Street, San Jose, Calif. 95112), May 23–25, 1995, Orlando, Fla, pp. 75–78.

Nishida, N.

H. Yamamoto, S. Muguruma, T. Sato, K. Ono, Y. Hayasaki, Y. Nagai, Y. Shimizu, N. Nishida, “Optimum parameters and viewing areas of stereoscopic full-color LED display using parallax barrier,” IEICE Trans. Electron. E83-C, 1632–1639 (2000).

H. Yamamoto, S. Muguruma, T. Sato, K. Ono, Y. Hayasaki, Y. Nagai, Y. Shimizu, N. Nishida, “Stereoscopic full color LED display using parallax barrier,” in Proceedings of The Sixth International Display Workshops (Institute of Image Information and Television Engineers and Society for Information Display, Japan Chapter, Sendai, Japan, 1999), pp. 1001–1004.

H. Yamamoto, S. Muguruma, T. Sato, Y. Hayasaki, Y. Nagai, Y. Shimizu, N. Nishida, “Stereoscopic large display using full color LED panel,” in Proceedings of The Fifth International Display Workshops (Institute of Image Information and Television Engineers and Society for Information Display, Japan Chapter, Kobe, Japan, 1998), pp. 725–728.

Okada, M.

J. Hamasaki, M. Okada, S. Utsunomiya, “Autostereoscopic 3D TV on a CRT,” in 1991 SID International Symposium, Digest of Technical Papers (Society for Information Display, 610 S. 2nd Street, San Jose, Calif. 95112), May 6–10, 1991, Anaheim, Calif., pp. 844–847.

Ono, K.

H. Yamamoto, S. Muguruma, T. Sato, K. Ono, Y. Hayasaki, Y. Nagai, Y. Shimizu, N. Nishida, “Optimum parameters and viewing areas of stereoscopic full-color LED display using parallax barrier,” IEICE Trans. Electron. E83-C, 1632–1639 (2000).

H. Yamamoto, S. Muguruma, T. Sato, K. Ono, Y. Hayasaki, Y. Nagai, Y. Shimizu, N. Nishida, “Stereoscopic full color LED display using parallax barrier,” in Proceedings of The Sixth International Display Workshops (Institute of Image Information and Television Engineers and Society for Information Display, Japan Chapter, Sendai, Japan, 1999), pp. 1001–1004.

Paxia, S.

K. Perlin, S. Paxia, J. S. Kollin, “An Autostereoscopic Display,” in Computer Graphics, Proc. of ACM SIGGRAPH 2000, Conference Proceedings, New Orleans, La.July 23–28, 2000319–326 (2000).

Perlin, K.

K. Perlin, S. Paxia, J. S. Kollin, “An Autostereoscopic Display,” in Computer Graphics, Proc. of ACM SIGGRAPH 2000, Conference Proceedings, New Orleans, La.July 23–28, 2000319–326 (2000).

Sakata, M.

G. Hamagishi, M. Sakata, A. Yamashita, K. Mashitani, E. Nakayama, S. Kishimoto, K. Kanatani, “Stereoscopic LCDs without Special Glasses,” in 1995 SID International Symposium, Digest of Applications Papers (Society for Information Display, 610 S. 2nd Street, San Jose, Calif. 95112), May 23–25, 1995, Orlando, Fla, pp. 75–78.

Sato, T.

H. Yamamoto, S. Muguruma, T. Sato, K. Ono, Y. Hayasaki, Y. Nagai, Y. Shimizu, N. Nishida, “Optimum parameters and viewing areas of stereoscopic full-color LED display using parallax barrier,” IEICE Trans. Electron. E83-C, 1632–1639 (2000).

H. Yamamoto, S. Muguruma, T. Sato, K. Ono, Y. Hayasaki, Y. Nagai, Y. Shimizu, N. Nishida, “Stereoscopic full color LED display using parallax barrier,” in Proceedings of The Sixth International Display Workshops (Institute of Image Information and Television Engineers and Society for Information Display, Japan Chapter, Sendai, Japan, 1999), pp. 1001–1004.

H. Yamamoto, S. Muguruma, T. Sato, Y. Hayasaki, Y. Nagai, Y. Shimizu, N. Nishida, “Stereoscopic large display using full color LED panel,” in Proceedings of The Fifth International Display Workshops (Institute of Image Information and Television Engineers and Society for Information Display, Japan Chapter, Kobe, Japan, 1998), pp. 725–728.

Shimizu, Y.

H. Yamamoto, S. Muguruma, T. Sato, K. Ono, Y. Hayasaki, Y. Nagai, Y. Shimizu, N. Nishida, “Optimum parameters and viewing areas of stereoscopic full-color LED display using parallax barrier,” IEICE Trans. Electron. E83-C, 1632–1639 (2000).

H. Yamamoto, S. Muguruma, T. Sato, K. Ono, Y. Hayasaki, Y. Nagai, Y. Shimizu, N. Nishida, “Stereoscopic full color LED display using parallax barrier,” in Proceedings of The Sixth International Display Workshops (Institute of Image Information and Television Engineers and Society for Information Display, Japan Chapter, Sendai, Japan, 1999), pp. 1001–1004.

H. Yamamoto, S. Muguruma, T. Sato, Y. Hayasaki, Y. Nagai, Y. Shimizu, N. Nishida, “Stereoscopic large display using full color LED panel,” in Proceedings of The Fifth International Display Workshops (Institute of Image Information and Television Engineers and Society for Information Display, Japan Chapter, Kobe, Japan, 1998), pp. 725–728.

Slowe, T. E.

S. A. Benton, T. E. Slowe, A. B. Kropp, S. L. Smith, “Micropolarizer-based multiple-viewer autostereoscopic display,” in Stereoscopic Displays and Virtual Reality Systems VI, J. O. Merritt, M. T. Bolas, S. S. Fisher, eds., Proc. SPIE3639, 76–83 (1999).

Smith, S. L.

S. A. Benton, T. E. Slowe, A. B. Kropp, S. L. Smith, “Micropolarizer-based multiple-viewer autostereoscopic display,” in Stereoscopic Displays and Virtual Reality Systems VI, J. O. Merritt, M. T. Bolas, S. S. Fisher, eds., Proc. SPIE3639, 76–83 (1999).

Takemori, D.

H. Isono, M. Yasuda, D. Takemori, H. Kanayama, C. Yamada, K. Chiba, “50-inch Autostereoscopic Full-Color 3-D TV Display System,” in Stereoscopic Displays and Applications III, J. O. Merritt, S. S. Fisher, eds., Proc. SPIE 1669, 176–185 (1992).

D. Takemori, K. Kanatani, S. Kishimoto, S. Yoshii, H. Kanayama, “3-D Display with Large Double Lenticular Screens,” in 1995 SID International Symposium, Digest of Technical Papers (Society for Information Display, 610 S. 2nd Street, San Jose, Calif. 95112), May 23–25, 1995, Orlando, Fla, pp. 55–58.

Travis, A. R. L.

Utsunomiya, S.

J. Hamasaki, M. Okada, S. Utsunomiya, “Autostereoscopic 3D TV on a CRT,” in 1991 SID International Symposium, Digest of Technical Papers (Society for Information Display, 610 S. 2nd Street, San Jose, Calif. 95112), May 6–10, 1991, Anaheim, Calif., pp. 844–847.

Yamada, C.

H. Isono, M. Yasuda, D. Takemori, H. Kanayama, C. Yamada, K. Chiba, “50-inch Autostereoscopic Full-Color 3-D TV Display System,” in Stereoscopic Displays and Applications III, J. O. Merritt, S. S. Fisher, eds., Proc. SPIE 1669, 176–185 (1992).

Yamamoto, H.

H. Yamamoto, S. Muguruma, T. Sato, K. Ono, Y. Hayasaki, Y. Nagai, Y. Shimizu, N. Nishida, “Optimum parameters and viewing areas of stereoscopic full-color LED display using parallax barrier,” IEICE Trans. Electron. E83-C, 1632–1639 (2000).

H. Yamamoto, S. Muguruma, T. Sato, K. Ono, Y. Hayasaki, Y. Nagai, Y. Shimizu, N. Nishida, “Stereoscopic full color LED display using parallax barrier,” in Proceedings of The Sixth International Display Workshops (Institute of Image Information and Television Engineers and Society for Information Display, Japan Chapter, Sendai, Japan, 1999), pp. 1001–1004.

H. Yamamoto, S. Muguruma, T. Sato, Y. Hayasaki, Y. Nagai, Y. Shimizu, N. Nishida, “Stereoscopic large display using full color LED panel,” in Proceedings of The Fifth International Display Workshops (Institute of Image Information and Television Engineers and Society for Information Display, Japan Chapter, Kobe, Japan, 1998), pp. 725–728.

Yamashita, A.

G. Hamagishi, M. Sakata, A. Yamashita, K. Mashitani, E. Nakayama, S. Kishimoto, K. Kanatani, “Stereoscopic LCDs without Special Glasses,” in 1995 SID International Symposium, Digest of Applications Papers (Society for Information Display, 610 S. 2nd Street, San Jose, Calif. 95112), May 23–25, 1995, Orlando, Fla, pp. 75–78.

Yasuda, M.

H. Isono, M. Yasuda, D. Takemori, H. Kanayama, C. Yamada, K. Chiba, “50-inch Autostereoscopic Full-Color 3-D TV Display System,” in Stereoscopic Displays and Applications III, J. O. Merritt, S. S. Fisher, eds., Proc. SPIE 1669, 176–185 (1992).

Yoshii, S.

D. Takemori, K. Kanatani, S. Kishimoto, S. Yoshii, H. Kanayama, “3-D Display with Large Double Lenticular Screens,” in 1995 SID International Symposium, Digest of Technical Papers (Society for Information Display, 610 S. 2nd Street, San Jose, Calif. 95112), May 23–25, 1995, Orlando, Fla, pp. 55–58.

Appl. Opt. (2)

IEICE Trans. Electron. (1)

H. Yamamoto, S. Muguruma, T. Sato, K. Ono, Y. Hayasaki, Y. Nagai, Y. Shimizu, N. Nishida, “Optimum parameters and viewing areas of stereoscopic full-color LED display using parallax barrier,” IEICE Trans. Electron. E83-C, 1632–1639 (2000).

J. SMPTE (1)

S. H. Kaplan, “Theory of Parallax Barriers,” J. SMPTE 59, 11–21 (1952).
[CrossRef]

Other (10)

G. B. K. Meacham, “Autostereoscopic displays-past and future,” in Advances in Display Technology VI, Proc. SPIE624, 90–101 (1986).

K. Bando, “Application of high-brightness InGaN LED for large size full color display,” in Proceedings of The Sixth International Display Workshops (Institute of Image Information and Television Engineers and Society for Information Display, Japan Chapter, Sendai, Japan, 1999), pp. 997–1000.

H. Yamamoto, S. Muguruma, T. Sato, Y. Hayasaki, Y. Nagai, Y. Shimizu, N. Nishida, “Stereoscopic large display using full color LED panel,” in Proceedings of The Fifth International Display Workshops (Institute of Image Information and Television Engineers and Society for Information Display, Japan Chapter, Kobe, Japan, 1998), pp. 725–728.

H. Isono, M. Yasuda, D. Takemori, H. Kanayama, C. Yamada, K. Chiba, “50-inch Autostereoscopic Full-Color 3-D TV Display System,” in Stereoscopic Displays and Applications III, J. O. Merritt, S. S. Fisher, eds., Proc. SPIE 1669, 176–185 (1992).

D. Takemori, K. Kanatani, S. Kishimoto, S. Yoshii, H. Kanayama, “3-D Display with Large Double Lenticular Screens,” in 1995 SID International Symposium, Digest of Technical Papers (Society for Information Display, 610 S. 2nd Street, San Jose, Calif. 95112), May 23–25, 1995, Orlando, Fla, pp. 55–58.

S. A. Benton, T. E. Slowe, A. B. Kropp, S. L. Smith, “Micropolarizer-based multiple-viewer autostereoscopic display,” in Stereoscopic Displays and Virtual Reality Systems VI, J. O. Merritt, M. T. Bolas, S. S. Fisher, eds., Proc. SPIE3639, 76–83 (1999).

G. Hamagishi, M. Sakata, A. Yamashita, K. Mashitani, E. Nakayama, S. Kishimoto, K. Kanatani, “Stereoscopic LCDs without Special Glasses,” in 1995 SID International Symposium, Digest of Applications Papers (Society for Information Display, 610 S. 2nd Street, San Jose, Calif. 95112), May 23–25, 1995, Orlando, Fla, pp. 75–78.

K. Perlin, S. Paxia, J. S. Kollin, “An Autostereoscopic Display,” in Computer Graphics, Proc. of ACM SIGGRAPH 2000, Conference Proceedings, New Orleans, La.July 23–28, 2000319–326 (2000).

J. Hamasaki, M. Okada, S. Utsunomiya, “Autostereoscopic 3D TV on a CRT,” in 1991 SID International Symposium, Digest of Technical Papers (Society for Information Display, 610 S. 2nd Street, San Jose, Calif. 95112), May 6–10, 1991, Anaheim, Calif., pp. 844–847.

H. Yamamoto, S. Muguruma, T. Sato, K. Ono, Y. Hayasaki, Y. Nagai, Y. Shimizu, N. Nishida, “Stereoscopic full color LED display using parallax barrier,” in Proceedings of The Sixth International Display Workshops (Institute of Image Information and Television Engineers and Society for Information Display, Japan Chapter, Sendai, Japan, 1999), pp. 1001–1004.

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Figures (12)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

Enlargement of viewing areas by a reduction of crosstalk of stereoscopic images. (a) Basic setup of stereoscopic display by use of a parallax barrier, (b) crosstalk of stereoscopic images, (c) extension of eye position with the black stripes between pixels, (d) extension of eye position by use of black stripes according to the narrow apertures of the parallax barrier.

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

Geometric relations between a set of viewing positions and a stereoscopic display by use of a parallax barrier.

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

Viewing field through an aperture of the parallax barrier.

Fig. 4
Fig. 4

Schematic plot of areas where no crosstalk occurs. The areas for both perspective images are alternately located at positions separated by P E . The lines indicate the areas where the nth pair of pixels are viewed through the (n + k)th aperture of the parallax barrier.

Fig. 5
Fig. 5

Schematic plot of areas where no disappearance of pixels occurs. The areas for both perspective images are alternately located at positions separated by P E . The lines indicate the areas where the nth pair of pixels are viewed through the (n + k)th aperture of the parallax barrier.

Fig. 6
Fig. 6

Close up of full-color LED panels used for the experiments. The pitch of each LED panel is 8 mm. (a) Full-color LED panel of LED lamp cluster type. The spacing between the LED lamp clusters is 0.6 mm. (b) Full-color LED panel of 3-in-1 chip LED type. The spacing between the LED chips is 5.4 mm.

Fig. 7
Fig. 7

Experimental setups to obtain the intensity distributions for the right- and the left-perspective images.

Fig. 8
Fig. 8

Intensity distributions at the designed viewing distance in the case of (a) an LED lamp cluster type and (b) a 3-in-1 chip LED type. Open circles indicate the intensities of the test pattern for the right-perspective image. Filled circles indicate the intensities of the test pattern for the left-perspective image.

Fig. 9
Fig. 9

Stereo-contrast distributions at the designed viewing distance in the case of (a) an LED lamp cluster type and (b) a 3-in-1 chip LED type.

Fig. 10
Fig. 10

Stereo-contrast distributions in the case of (a) an LED lamp cluster type and (b) a 3-in-1 chip LED type. Quadrangles are a calculation of viewing areas.

Fig. 11
Fig. 11

Experimental results by use of a full-color LED panel of an LED lamp cluster type. Photographs are taken (a) at both eye positions and (b) at an intermediate position.

Fig. 12
Fig. 12

Experimental results by use of a full color LED panel of a 3-in-1 chip LED type. Photographs are taken (a) at both eye positions and (b) at an intermediate position.

Equations (46)

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XLn=2n-32 PD+X1,
XRn=2n-52 PD+X1,
Rn=n-1PB+R1,
ULk=4PDR1-2PBX1+4k-1PDPB22PD-PB,
URk=4PDR1-2PBX1+4k+1PDPB22PD-PB,
ZE=2PDZB2PD-PB.
PB=2PEPDPE+PD
XRn+aDPD2xL-n, kXLn-aDPD2,
XLn+aDPD2xL+n, kXRn+1-aDPD2.
XLn-1+aDPD2xR-n, kXRn-aDPD2,
XRn+aDPD2xR+n, kXLn-aDPD2,
xL±n, k=vLRk-ZBuLvL-ZB+n±aB2vLPBvL-ZB.
XR1+aDPD2=xL-1, k,
XR2-aDPD2=xL+1, k,
XRN+aDPD2=xL-N, k,
XRN+1-aDPD2=xL+N, k.
cB=12PD2N-4+aD-PBN-1-aB-PBN-1-aB2X1+PD2N-1+2PDR12N-4+aD+PBPD2N-4+aDN+2k-1,
dB=PDZB2N-4+aDPD2N-4+aD-PBN-1-aB,
cF=12PD2N-aD-PBN-1+aB-PBN-1+aB2X1+PD2N-1+2PDR12N-aD+PBPD2N-aDN+2k-1,
dF=PDZB2N-aDPD2N-aD-PBN-1+aB,
cR=-PB2X1+PD-3+aD+4PDR1+2PBPD2k-1-aB22PD-PB,
dR=2PDZB2PD-PB=ZE,
cL=-PB2X1+PD1-aD+4PDR1+2PBPD2k-1+aB22PD-PB,
dL=2PDZB2PD-PB=ZE.
dB-dF=2N-1PBPDZB2-2aB-aDPD2N-4+aD-PBN-1-aBPD2N-aD-PBN-1+aB.
cR-cL=PE2-2aB-aD.
XL1-aDPD2=xL-1, k,
XL1+aDPD2 =xL+1, k,
XLN-aDPD2=xL-N, k,
XLN+aDPD2=xL+N, k.
eB=12PD2N-2+aD-PBN-1+aB-PBN-1+aB2X1+PD2N-1+2PDR12N-2+aD+PBPD2N-2+aDN+2k-1,
fB=PDZB2N-2+aDPD2N-2+aD-PBN-1+aB,
eF=12PD2N-2-aD-PBN-1-aB-PBN-1-aB2X1+PD2N-1+2PDR12N-2-aD+PBPD2N-2-aDN+2k-1,
fF=PDZB2N-2-aDPD2N-2-aD-PBN-1-aB,
eR=-PB2X1+PD-1+aD+4PDR1+2PBPD2k-1+aB22PD-PB,
fR=2PDZB2PD-PB=ZE,
eL=-PB2X1+PD-1-aD+4PDR1+2PBPD2k-1-aB22PD-PB,
fL=2PDZB2PD-PB=ZE.
fB-fF=2N-1PBPDZB2aB-aDPD2N-2+aD-PBN-1+aBPD2N-2-aD-PBN-1-aB.
eR-eL=PBPD2aB-aD2PD-PB=PE2aB-aD.
ΔX=MinPE2-2aB-aD, PE2aB-aD,
ΔZ=Min2N-1PBPDZB2-2aB-aDPD2N-4+aD-PBN-1-aBPD2N-aD-PBN-1+aB,2N-1PBPDZB2aB-aDPD2N-2+aD-PBN-1+aBPD2N-2-aD-PBN-1-aB.
aB=12
ΔX=PE1-aD.
ΔZ=MinZEPE2-2aB-aDPDN-1, ZEPE2aB-aDPDN-1.
ΔZ=ZEPE1-aDPDN-1.

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