Abstract

Laboratoire de Physique Moléculaire et Applications (LPMA)/Infrared Atmospheric Sounding interferometer (IASI) balloon is a calibrated infrared Fourier transform spectrometer that is used to measure the Earth’s atmospheric emission (650–3000 cm-1). Operating under a stratospheric balloon, this spectroradiometer provides radiometrically calibrated spectra with an apodized spectral resolution of 0.1 cm-1, which can be used to retrieve the concentration of atmospheric trace gases such as H2O, CO2, CO, O3, N2O, and CH4. The radiometric calibration is performed by use of two reference blackbodies. A reference cavity (LPMA blackbody) has been developed to validate the radiometric calibration procedure and to characterize the instrument performances. One goal of the LPMA/IASI balloon is the preparation of the IASI mission, which is a satellite instrument dedicated primarily to operational meteorology. A description of the LPMA/IASI balloon, its performances, and the results obtained during the first flight of the instrument are presented.

© 2002 Optical Society of America

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    [CrossRef]
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  3. C. Camy-Peyret, “Balloon-borne infrared Fourier transform spectroscopy for measurements of atmospheric trace species,” Spectrochim. Acta Part A 51, 1143–1152 (1995).
    [CrossRef]
  4. C. Camy-Peyret, P. Jeseck, T. Hawat, G. Durry, S. Payan, G. Berubé, L. Rochette, D. Huguenin, “The LPMA balloon-borne FTIR spectrometer for remote sensing of atmospheric constituents,” ESA Publ. SP-370 (European Space Research and Technology Centre, Noordwijk, The Netherlands, 1995), pp. 323–328.
  5. C. Camy-Peyret, P. Jeseck, S. Payan, T. Hawat, G. Durry, J.-M. Flaud, “Comparison of CH4 and N2O profiles at high and mid-latitudes using the LPMA balloon-borne Fourier transform instrument,” in Third European Symposium on Polar Stratospheric Ozone Research, Schliersee, Bavaria, Germany (18–22 September 1995), Air Pollution Research Report 56, Polar Stratospheric Ozone, J. A. Pyle, N. R. P. Harris, G. T. Amanatidis, eds. (European Commission, Brussels, Belgium, 1996), pp. 95–100.
  6. C. Camy-Peyret, T. Hawat, P. Jeseck, S. Payan, “Recent results obtained by the LPMA balloon-borne experiment during SESAME and the ILAS validation campaign,” ESA Publ. SP-397, (European Space Research and Technology Centre, Noordwijk, The Netherlands, 1997), 223–229.
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    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef]
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  12. Y. Té, “Spectro-radiométrie par transformée de Fourier sous ballon stratosphérique pour l’étude du système atmosphère/surface/nuages par visée au nadir,” Ph.D. dissertation (Université Pierre et Marie Curie, Paris, 2001).
  13. J. Lohrengel, R. Todtenhaupt, “Wärmeleitfähigkeit, Gesamtemissionsgrade und spektrale Emissionsgrade der Beschichtung Nextel-Velvet-Coating 811-21 (RAL90015 tiefschwarz matt),” PTB-Mitt. 106, 259–265 (1996).
  14. A. V. Prokhorov, “Monte Carlo method in optical radiometry,” Metrologia 35, 465–471 (1998).
    [CrossRef]
  15. F.-R. Cayla, “L’interféromètre IASI: un nouveau sondeur satellitaire à haute résolution,” La Météorologie, 32, 23–39 (2001).
    [CrossRef]
  16. C. Clerbaux, J. Hadji-Lazaro, S. Payan, C. Camy-Peyret, G. Mégie, “Retrieval of CO columns from IMG/ADEOS spectra,” IEEE Trans. Geosci. Remote Sensing 37, 1657–1661 (1999).
    [CrossRef]
  17. J.-M. Hartmann, J.-M. Kochel, C. Camy-Peyret, S. Payan, A. Engel, “CF2C12 mixing ratio profiles in the 1995 late winter Arctic vortex from balloon-borne spectra,” Geophys. Res. Lett. 24, 2367–2370 (1997).
    [CrossRef]
  18. R. Beer, T. A. Glavich, D. M. Rider, “Tropospheric emission spectrometer for the Earth Observing System’s Aura satellite,” Appl. Opt. 40, 2356–2367 (2001).
    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef]

2001 (3)

C. Camy-Peyret, S. Payan, P. Jeseck, Y. Té, “Mesures spectroscopiques de constituants et de polluants atmosphériques par techniques in situ et à distance, au sol ou embarquées,” C. R. Acad. Sci. Paris Sér. IV, 2, 1–18 (2001).

F.-R. Cayla, “L’interféromètre IASI: un nouveau sondeur satellitaire à haute résolution,” La Météorologie, 32, 23–39 (2001).
[CrossRef]

R. Beer, T. A. Glavich, D. M. Rider, “Tropospheric emission spectrometer for the Earth Observing System’s Aura satellite,” Appl. Opt. 40, 2356–2367 (2001).
[CrossRef]

1999 (1)

C. Clerbaux, J. Hadji-Lazaro, S. Payan, C. Camy-Peyret, G. Mégie, “Retrieval of CO columns from IMG/ADEOS spectra,” IEEE Trans. Geosci. Remote Sensing 37, 1657–1661 (1999).
[CrossRef]

1998 (2)

T. Hawat, C. Camy-Peyret, R. Torguet, “Suntracker for atmospheric remote sensing,” Opt. Eng. 37, 1633–1642 (1998).
[CrossRef]

A. V. Prokhorov, “Monte Carlo method in optical radiometry,” Metrologia 35, 465–471 (1998).
[CrossRef]

1997 (2)

J.-M. Hartmann, J.-M. Kochel, C. Camy-Peyret, S. Payan, A. Engel, “CF2C12 mixing ratio profiles in the 1995 late winter Arctic vortex from balloon-borne spectra,” Geophys. Res. Lett. 24, 2367–2370 (1997).
[CrossRef]

D. Siméoni, C. Singer, G. Chalon, “Infrared Atmospheric Sounding Interferometer,” Acta Astronaut. 40, 113–118 (1997).
[CrossRef]

1996 (1)

J. Lohrengel, R. Todtenhaupt, “Wärmeleitfähigkeit, Gesamtemissionsgrade und spektrale Emissionsgrade der Beschichtung Nextel-Velvet-Coating 811-21 (RAL90015 tiefschwarz matt),” PTB-Mitt. 106, 259–265 (1996).

1995 (1)

C. Camy-Peyret, “Balloon-borne infrared Fourier transform spectroscopy for measurements of atmospheric trace species,” Spectrochim. Acta Part A 51, 1143–1152 (1995).
[CrossRef]

1994 (1)

H. H. Aumann, R. Pagano, “Atmospheric Infrared Sounder on the Earth Observing System,” Opt. Eng. 33, 776–784 (1994).
[CrossRef]

1988 (1)

1966 (1)

Aumann, H. H.

H. H. Aumann, R. Pagano, “Atmospheric Infrared Sounder on the Earth Observing System,” Opt. Eng. 33, 776–784 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Beer, R.

Berubé, G.

C. Camy-Peyret, P. Jeseck, T. Hawat, G. Durry, S. Payan, G. Berubé, L. Rochette, D. Huguenin, “The LPMA balloon-borne FTIR spectrometer for remote sensing of atmospheric constituents,” ESA Publ. SP-370 (European Space Research and Technology Centre, Noordwijk, The Netherlands, 1995), pp. 323–328.

Blumstein, D.

B. Tournier, D. Blumstein, F.-R. Cayla, G. Chalon, “IASI level 0 and 1 processing algorithms description,” in Proceedings of the Twelfth International TOVS Study Conference (ITSC-XII) (Dr. John Le Marshall, Bureau of Meteorology Research Centre, GPO 1289K, Melbourne, Victoria 3001, Australia, 2002).

Buijs, H. L.

Camy-Peyret, C.

C. Camy-Peyret, S. Payan, P. Jeseck, Y. Té, “Mesures spectroscopiques de constituants et de polluants atmosphériques par techniques in situ et à distance, au sol ou embarquées,” C. R. Acad. Sci. Paris Sér. IV, 2, 1–18 (2001).

C. Clerbaux, J. Hadji-Lazaro, S. Payan, C. Camy-Peyret, G. Mégie, “Retrieval of CO columns from IMG/ADEOS spectra,” IEEE Trans. Geosci. Remote Sensing 37, 1657–1661 (1999).
[CrossRef]

T. Hawat, C. Camy-Peyret, R. Torguet, “Suntracker for atmospheric remote sensing,” Opt. Eng. 37, 1633–1642 (1998).
[CrossRef]

J.-M. Hartmann, J.-M. Kochel, C. Camy-Peyret, S. Payan, A. Engel, “CF2C12 mixing ratio profiles in the 1995 late winter Arctic vortex from balloon-borne spectra,” Geophys. Res. Lett. 24, 2367–2370 (1997).
[CrossRef]

C. Camy-Peyret, “Balloon-borne infrared Fourier transform spectroscopy for measurements of atmospheric trace species,” Spectrochim. Acta Part A 51, 1143–1152 (1995).
[CrossRef]

C. Camy-Peyret, P. Jeseck, T. Hawat, G. Durry, S. Payan, G. Berubé, L. Rochette, D. Huguenin, “The LPMA balloon-borne FTIR spectrometer for remote sensing of atmospheric constituents,” ESA Publ. SP-370 (European Space Research and Technology Centre, Noordwijk, The Netherlands, 1995), pp. 323–328.

C. Camy-Peyret, P. Jeseck, S. Payan, T. Hawat, G. Durry, J.-M. Flaud, “Comparison of CH4 and N2O profiles at high and mid-latitudes using the LPMA balloon-borne Fourier transform instrument,” in Third European Symposium on Polar Stratospheric Ozone Research, Schliersee, Bavaria, Germany (18–22 September 1995), Air Pollution Research Report 56, Polar Stratospheric Ozone, J. A. Pyle, N. R. P. Harris, G. T. Amanatidis, eds. (European Commission, Brussels, Belgium, 1996), pp. 95–100.

C. Camy-Peyret, T. Hawat, P. Jeseck, S. Payan, “Recent results obtained by the LPMA balloon-borne experiment during SESAME and the ILAS validation campaign,” ESA Publ. SP-397, (European Space Research and Technology Centre, Noordwijk, The Netherlands, 1997), 223–229.

Cayla, F.-R.

F.-R. Cayla, “L’interféromètre IASI: un nouveau sondeur satellitaire à haute résolution,” La Météorologie, 32, 23–39 (2001).
[CrossRef]

B. Tournier, D. Blumstein, F.-R. Cayla, G. Chalon, “IASI level 0 and 1 processing algorithms description,” in Proceedings of the Twelfth International TOVS Study Conference (ITSC-XII) (Dr. John Le Marshall, Bureau of Meteorology Research Centre, GPO 1289K, Melbourne, Victoria 3001, Australia, 2002).

Chalon, G.

D. Siméoni, C. Singer, G. Chalon, “Infrared Atmospheric Sounding Interferometer,” Acta Astronaut. 40, 113–118 (1997).
[CrossRef]

B. Tournier, D. Blumstein, F.-R. Cayla, G. Chalon, “IASI level 0 and 1 processing algorithms description,” in Proceedings of the Twelfth International TOVS Study Conference (ITSC-XII) (Dr. John Le Marshall, Bureau of Meteorology Research Centre, GPO 1289K, Melbourne, Victoria 3001, Australia, 2002).

Clerbaux, C.

C. Clerbaux, J. Hadji-Lazaro, S. Payan, C. Camy-Peyret, G. Mégie, “Retrieval of CO columns from IMG/ADEOS spectra,” IEEE Trans. Geosci. Remote Sensing 37, 1657–1661 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Durry, G.

C. Camy-Peyret, P. Jeseck, T. Hawat, G. Durry, S. Payan, G. Berubé, L. Rochette, D. Huguenin, “The LPMA balloon-borne FTIR spectrometer for remote sensing of atmospheric constituents,” ESA Publ. SP-370 (European Space Research and Technology Centre, Noordwijk, The Netherlands, 1995), pp. 323–328.

C. Camy-Peyret, P. Jeseck, S. Payan, T. Hawat, G. Durry, J.-M. Flaud, “Comparison of CH4 and N2O profiles at high and mid-latitudes using the LPMA balloon-borne Fourier transform instrument,” in Third European Symposium on Polar Stratospheric Ozone Research, Schliersee, Bavaria, Germany (18–22 September 1995), Air Pollution Research Report 56, Polar Stratospheric Ozone, J. A. Pyle, N. R. P. Harris, G. T. Amanatidis, eds. (European Commission, Brussels, Belgium, 1996), pp. 95–100.

Engel, A.

J.-M. Hartmann, J.-M. Kochel, C. Camy-Peyret, S. Payan, A. Engel, “CF2C12 mixing ratio profiles in the 1995 late winter Arctic vortex from balloon-borne spectra,” Geophys. Res. Lett. 24, 2367–2370 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Flaud, J.-M.

C. Camy-Peyret, P. Jeseck, S. Payan, T. Hawat, G. Durry, J.-M. Flaud, “Comparison of CH4 and N2O profiles at high and mid-latitudes using the LPMA balloon-borne Fourier transform instrument,” in Third European Symposium on Polar Stratospheric Ozone Research, Schliersee, Bavaria, Germany (18–22 September 1995), Air Pollution Research Report 56, Polar Stratospheric Ozone, J. A. Pyle, N. R. P. Harris, G. T. Amanatidis, eds. (European Commission, Brussels, Belgium, 1996), pp. 95–100.

Forman, M. L.

Glavich, T. A.

Hadji-Lazaro, J.

C. Clerbaux, J. Hadji-Lazaro, S. Payan, C. Camy-Peyret, G. Mégie, “Retrieval of CO columns from IMG/ADEOS spectra,” IEEE Trans. Geosci. Remote Sensing 37, 1657–1661 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Hartmann, J.-M.

J.-M. Hartmann, J.-M. Kochel, C. Camy-Peyret, S. Payan, A. Engel, “CF2C12 mixing ratio profiles in the 1995 late winter Arctic vortex from balloon-borne spectra,” Geophys. Res. Lett. 24, 2367–2370 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Hawat, T.

T. Hawat, C. Camy-Peyret, R. Torguet, “Suntracker for atmospheric remote sensing,” Opt. Eng. 37, 1633–1642 (1998).
[CrossRef]

C. Camy-Peyret, P. Jeseck, S. Payan, T. Hawat, G. Durry, J.-M. Flaud, “Comparison of CH4 and N2O profiles at high and mid-latitudes using the LPMA balloon-borne Fourier transform instrument,” in Third European Symposium on Polar Stratospheric Ozone Research, Schliersee, Bavaria, Germany (18–22 September 1995), Air Pollution Research Report 56, Polar Stratospheric Ozone, J. A. Pyle, N. R. P. Harris, G. T. Amanatidis, eds. (European Commission, Brussels, Belgium, 1996), pp. 95–100.

C. Camy-Peyret, T. Hawat, P. Jeseck, S. Payan, “Recent results obtained by the LPMA balloon-borne experiment during SESAME and the ILAS validation campaign,” ESA Publ. SP-397, (European Space Research and Technology Centre, Noordwijk, The Netherlands, 1997), 223–229.

C. Camy-Peyret, P. Jeseck, T. Hawat, G. Durry, S. Payan, G. Berubé, L. Rochette, D. Huguenin, “The LPMA balloon-borne FTIR spectrometer for remote sensing of atmospheric constituents,” ESA Publ. SP-370 (European Space Research and Technology Centre, Noordwijk, The Netherlands, 1995), pp. 323–328.

Howell, H. B.

Huguenin, D.

C. Camy-Peyret, P. Jeseck, T. Hawat, G. Durry, S. Payan, G. Berubé, L. Rochette, D. Huguenin, “The LPMA balloon-borne FTIR spectrometer for remote sensing of atmospheric constituents,” ESA Publ. SP-370 (European Space Research and Technology Centre, Noordwijk, The Netherlands, 1995), pp. 323–328.

Jeseck, P.

C. Camy-Peyret, S. Payan, P. Jeseck, Y. Té, “Mesures spectroscopiques de constituants et de polluants atmosphériques par techniques in situ et à distance, au sol ou embarquées,” C. R. Acad. Sci. Paris Sér. IV, 2, 1–18 (2001).

C. Camy-Peyret, P. Jeseck, T. Hawat, G. Durry, S. Payan, G. Berubé, L. Rochette, D. Huguenin, “The LPMA balloon-borne FTIR spectrometer for remote sensing of atmospheric constituents,” ESA Publ. SP-370 (European Space Research and Technology Centre, Noordwijk, The Netherlands, 1995), pp. 323–328.

C. Camy-Peyret, P. Jeseck, S. Payan, T. Hawat, G. Durry, J.-M. Flaud, “Comparison of CH4 and N2O profiles at high and mid-latitudes using the LPMA balloon-borne Fourier transform instrument,” in Third European Symposium on Polar Stratospheric Ozone Research, Schliersee, Bavaria, Germany (18–22 September 1995), Air Pollution Research Report 56, Polar Stratospheric Ozone, J. A. Pyle, N. R. P. Harris, G. T. Amanatidis, eds. (European Commission, Brussels, Belgium, 1996), pp. 95–100.

C. Camy-Peyret, T. Hawat, P. Jeseck, S. Payan, “Recent results obtained by the LPMA balloon-borne experiment during SESAME and the ILAS validation campaign,” ESA Publ. SP-397, (European Space Research and Technology Centre, Noordwijk, The Netherlands, 1997), 223–229.

Kochel, J.-M.

J.-M. Hartmann, J.-M. Kochel, C. Camy-Peyret, S. Payan, A. Engel, “CF2C12 mixing ratio profiles in the 1995 late winter Arctic vortex from balloon-borne spectra,” Geophys. Res. Lett. 24, 2367–2370 (1997).
[CrossRef]

LaPorte, D. D.

Lohrengel, J.

J. Lohrengel, R. Todtenhaupt, “Wärmeleitfähigkeit, Gesamtemissionsgrade und spektrale Emissionsgrade der Beschichtung Nextel-Velvet-Coating 811-21 (RAL90015 tiefschwarz matt),” PTB-Mitt. 106, 259–265 (1996).

Mégie, G.

C. Clerbaux, J. Hadji-Lazaro, S. Payan, C. Camy-Peyret, G. Mégie, “Retrieval of CO columns from IMG/ADEOS spectra,” IEEE Trans. Geosci. Remote Sensing 37, 1657–1661 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Pagano, R.

H. H. Aumann, R. Pagano, “Atmospheric Infrared Sounder on the Earth Observing System,” Opt. Eng. 33, 776–784 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Payan, S.

C. Camy-Peyret, S. Payan, P. Jeseck, Y. Té, “Mesures spectroscopiques de constituants et de polluants atmosphériques par techniques in situ et à distance, au sol ou embarquées,” C. R. Acad. Sci. Paris Sér. IV, 2, 1–18 (2001).

C. Clerbaux, J. Hadji-Lazaro, S. Payan, C. Camy-Peyret, G. Mégie, “Retrieval of CO columns from IMG/ADEOS spectra,” IEEE Trans. Geosci. Remote Sensing 37, 1657–1661 (1999).
[CrossRef]

J.-M. Hartmann, J.-M. Kochel, C. Camy-Peyret, S. Payan, A. Engel, “CF2C12 mixing ratio profiles in the 1995 late winter Arctic vortex from balloon-borne spectra,” Geophys. Res. Lett. 24, 2367–2370 (1997).
[CrossRef]

C. Camy-Peyret, P. Jeseck, S. Payan, T. Hawat, G. Durry, J.-M. Flaud, “Comparison of CH4 and N2O profiles at high and mid-latitudes using the LPMA balloon-borne Fourier transform instrument,” in Third European Symposium on Polar Stratospheric Ozone Research, Schliersee, Bavaria, Germany (18–22 September 1995), Air Pollution Research Report 56, Polar Stratospheric Ozone, J. A. Pyle, N. R. P. Harris, G. T. Amanatidis, eds. (European Commission, Brussels, Belgium, 1996), pp. 95–100.

C. Camy-Peyret, P. Jeseck, T. Hawat, G. Durry, S. Payan, G. Berubé, L. Rochette, D. Huguenin, “The LPMA balloon-borne FTIR spectrometer for remote sensing of atmospheric constituents,” ESA Publ. SP-370 (European Space Research and Technology Centre, Noordwijk, The Netherlands, 1995), pp. 323–328.

C. Camy-Peyret, T. Hawat, P. Jeseck, S. Payan, “Recent results obtained by the LPMA balloon-borne experiment during SESAME and the ILAS validation campaign,” ESA Publ. SP-397, (European Space Research and Technology Centre, Noordwijk, The Netherlands, 1997), 223–229.

Prokhorov, A. V.

A. V. Prokhorov, “Monte Carlo method in optical radiometry,” Metrologia 35, 465–471 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Revercomb, H. E.

Rider, D. M.

Rochette, L.

C. Camy-Peyret, P. Jeseck, T. Hawat, G. Durry, S. Payan, G. Berubé, L. Rochette, D. Huguenin, “The LPMA balloon-borne FTIR spectrometer for remote sensing of atmospheric constituents,” ESA Publ. SP-370 (European Space Research and Technology Centre, Noordwijk, The Netherlands, 1995), pp. 323–328.

Siméoni, D.

D. Siméoni, C. Singer, G. Chalon, “Infrared Atmospheric Sounding Interferometer,” Acta Astronaut. 40, 113–118 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Singer, C.

D. Siméoni, C. Singer, G. Chalon, “Infrared Atmospheric Sounding Interferometer,” Acta Astronaut. 40, 113–118 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Smith, W. L.

Sromovsky, L. A.

Steel, W. H.

Té, Y.

C. Camy-Peyret, S. Payan, P. Jeseck, Y. Té, “Mesures spectroscopiques de constituants et de polluants atmosphériques par techniques in situ et à distance, au sol ou embarquées,” C. R. Acad. Sci. Paris Sér. IV, 2, 1–18 (2001).

Y. Té, “Spectro-radiométrie par transformée de Fourier sous ballon stratosphérique pour l’étude du système atmosphère/surface/nuages par visée au nadir,” Ph.D. dissertation (Université Pierre et Marie Curie, Paris, 2001).

Todtenhaupt, R.

J. Lohrengel, R. Todtenhaupt, “Wärmeleitfähigkeit, Gesamtemissionsgrade und spektrale Emissionsgrade der Beschichtung Nextel-Velvet-Coating 811-21 (RAL90015 tiefschwarz matt),” PTB-Mitt. 106, 259–265 (1996).

Torguet, R.

T. Hawat, C. Camy-Peyret, R. Torguet, “Suntracker for atmospheric remote sensing,” Opt. Eng. 37, 1633–1642 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Tournier, B.

B. Tournier, D. Blumstein, F.-R. Cayla, G. Chalon, “IASI level 0 and 1 processing algorithms description,” in Proceedings of the Twelfth International TOVS Study Conference (ITSC-XII) (Dr. John Le Marshall, Bureau of Meteorology Research Centre, GPO 1289K, Melbourne, Victoria 3001, Australia, 2002).

Vanasse, G. A.

Wildi, F. P.

F. P. Wildi, “New concepts and performances in azimuth control of large balloon gondolas,” ESA Publ. SP-317 (European Space Research and Technology Centre, Noordwijk, The Netherlands, 1991), pp. 357–361.

Acta Astronaut. (1)

D. Siméoni, C. Singer, G. Chalon, “Infrared Atmospheric Sounding Interferometer,” Acta Astronaut. 40, 113–118 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Appl. Opt. (2)

C. R. Acad. Sci. Paris Sér. IV (1)

C. Camy-Peyret, S. Payan, P. Jeseck, Y. Té, “Mesures spectroscopiques de constituants et de polluants atmosphériques par techniques in situ et à distance, au sol ou embarquées,” C. R. Acad. Sci. Paris Sér. IV, 2, 1–18 (2001).

Geophys. Res. Lett. (1)

J.-M. Hartmann, J.-M. Kochel, C. Camy-Peyret, S. Payan, A. Engel, “CF2C12 mixing ratio profiles in the 1995 late winter Arctic vortex from balloon-borne spectra,” Geophys. Res. Lett. 24, 2367–2370 (1997).
[CrossRef]

IEEE Trans. Geosci. Remote Sensing (1)

C. Clerbaux, J. Hadji-Lazaro, S. Payan, C. Camy-Peyret, G. Mégie, “Retrieval of CO columns from IMG/ADEOS spectra,” IEEE Trans. Geosci. Remote Sensing 37, 1657–1661 (1999).
[CrossRef]

J. Opt. Soc. Am. (1)

La Météorologie (1)

F.-R. Cayla, “L’interféromètre IASI: un nouveau sondeur satellitaire à haute résolution,” La Météorologie, 32, 23–39 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Metrologia (1)

A. V. Prokhorov, “Monte Carlo method in optical radiometry,” Metrologia 35, 465–471 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Eng. (2)

T. Hawat, C. Camy-Peyret, R. Torguet, “Suntracker for atmospheric remote sensing,” Opt. Eng. 37, 1633–1642 (1998).
[CrossRef]

H. H. Aumann, R. Pagano, “Atmospheric Infrared Sounder on the Earth Observing System,” Opt. Eng. 33, 776–784 (1994).
[CrossRef]

PTB-Mitt. (1)

J. Lohrengel, R. Todtenhaupt, “Wärmeleitfähigkeit, Gesamtemissionsgrade und spektrale Emissionsgrade der Beschichtung Nextel-Velvet-Coating 811-21 (RAL90015 tiefschwarz matt),” PTB-Mitt. 106, 259–265 (1996).

Spectrochim. Acta Part A (1)

C. Camy-Peyret, “Balloon-borne infrared Fourier transform spectroscopy for measurements of atmospheric trace species,” Spectrochim. Acta Part A 51, 1143–1152 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Other (6)

C. Camy-Peyret, P. Jeseck, T. Hawat, G. Durry, S. Payan, G. Berubé, L. Rochette, D. Huguenin, “The LPMA balloon-borne FTIR spectrometer for remote sensing of atmospheric constituents,” ESA Publ. SP-370 (European Space Research and Technology Centre, Noordwijk, The Netherlands, 1995), pp. 323–328.

C. Camy-Peyret, P. Jeseck, S. Payan, T. Hawat, G. Durry, J.-M. Flaud, “Comparison of CH4 and N2O profiles at high and mid-latitudes using the LPMA balloon-borne Fourier transform instrument,” in Third European Symposium on Polar Stratospheric Ozone Research, Schliersee, Bavaria, Germany (18–22 September 1995), Air Pollution Research Report 56, Polar Stratospheric Ozone, J. A. Pyle, N. R. P. Harris, G. T. Amanatidis, eds. (European Commission, Brussels, Belgium, 1996), pp. 95–100.

C. Camy-Peyret, T. Hawat, P. Jeseck, S. Payan, “Recent results obtained by the LPMA balloon-borne experiment during SESAME and the ILAS validation campaign,” ESA Publ. SP-397, (European Space Research and Technology Centre, Noordwijk, The Netherlands, 1997), 223–229.

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Y. Té, “Spectro-radiométrie par transformée de Fourier sous ballon stratosphérique pour l’étude du système atmosphère/surface/nuages par visée au nadir,” Ph.D. dissertation (Université Pierre et Marie Curie, Paris, 2001).

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Figures (16)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

Schematic of the LPMA/IASI balloon and its gondola.

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

Diagram of the algorithm to obtain the same phase error for three different views. FTlow and FThigh are respectively, for low and high resolution FT. The boxes at top left and right corners represent the functions of the phase and barycenter modules, respectively, which are used at several steps within the overall algorithm.

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

Determination of the phase of the three views (CBB, WBB, scene).

Fig. 4
Fig. 4

Photo of the LPMA blackbody.

Fig. 5
Fig. 5

Positions of the Pt100 temperature probes and the results of a temperature cycle of the cavity.

Fig. 6
Fig. 6

Simplified diagram of the ray tracing program.

Fig. 7
Fig. 7

Radiometric calibration with a good determination of the sampled ZPD.

Fig. 8
Fig. 8

Check of the linearity of the HgCdTe detector.

Fig. 9
Fig. 9

Profile and geophysical conditions of the first flight of the LPMA/IASI balloon.

Fig. 10
Fig. 10

Calibrated atmospheric spectrum in the HgCdTe region recorded at float in the nadir direction.

Fig. 11
Fig. 11

Calibrated atmospheric calibrated spectrum in the InSb region recorded at float in the nadir direction.

Fig. 12
Fig. 12

Good overlap of the HgCdTe and InSb spectra in the common region.

Fig. 13
Fig. 13

Achieved spectral resolution of the atmospheric spectra (a residual contribution of Lorentz and Doppler broadening is present).

Fig. 14
Fig. 14

Retrieval of N2O and H2O from LPMA/IASI balloon spectra in the 1145–1195-cm-1 region without CF2Cl2 (significant residual can be seen near 1161 cm-1). LARA, LPMA atmospheric retrieval algorithm.

Fig. 15
Fig. 15

Retrieval of N2O, H2O, and CFC-12 from LPMA/IASI balloon spectra in the 1145–1195-cm-1 region (no residual left that is due to CF2Cl2).

Fig. 16
Fig. 16

Retrieved vertical profile of CO: VMR, volume mixing ratio.

Tables (6)

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Table 1 Characteristics of the LPMA/IASI Balloon

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Table 2 Radiometric Accuracy at 273.21 Ka

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Table 3 Radiometric Noise at 273.21 Ka

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Table 4 Comparison of Instrument Performances

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Table 5 Calibrated Atmospheric Spectra

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Table 6 Balloon Retrieval Results

Equations (7)

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Smeasν˜=Gν˜Strueν˜+Sinstν˜,
Sscenecalib=εWBBBWBBSscenemeas-SCBBmeas-εCBBBCBBSscenemeas-SWBBmeasSWBBmeas-SCBBmeas.
Simeas=Sireal expiϕα,
Sscenecalib=εWBBBWBBSscenerealexpiϕα-SCBBrealexpiϕα-εCBBBCBBSscenerealexpiϕα-SWBBrealexpiϕαSWBBrealexpiϕα-SCBBrealexpiϕα,
εeffν˜,Tref=expc2ν˜/Tref-1N×i=1Nj=1miεjθexp(c2ν˜/Tj)-1k=1j-1ρk,
NEΔTT, ν˜=NEΔTT, ν˜B/T280, ν˜B/TT, ν˜,
Lν˜M=Lν˜M0Tν˜M0, M+M0MJν˜sTν˜s, Mαsds,

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