Abstract

The linear and nonlinear optical properties of a new organic dye, trans-4-[p-(N-ethyl-N-ethylamino)-styryl]-N-methyl-pyridinium tris(thiocyanato) cadmates (II), are reported in this paper. When pumped with a picosecond laser at the wavelength range of 850–1200 nm, intense upconversion fluorescence can be obtained. The upconversion efficiencies at different pump energies were measured when pumped with a 1064-nm laser beam from a mode-locked Nd:YAG laser. The highest upconversion efficiencies were measured to be 5.8% and 7.6% in dimethyl formamide (DMF) and methanol. The lifetime of the dye in DMF was measured to be 75 ps. The strongest nonlinear absorption was at the wavelength of 940 nm, and the highest upconversion efficiency was at the wavelength of 1030 nm. The difference of the two wavelengths was caused by excited state absorption in the dye at wavelengths shorter than 1000 nm. The dye solution in DMF and methanol show a clear optical power limiting effect.

© 2002 Optical Society of America

Full Article  |  PDF Article

References

  • View by:
  • |
  • |
  • |

  1. C. K. N. Patel, P. A. Fleury, R. E. Slusher, H. L. Frisch, “Multiphoton plasma production and stimulated recombination radiation in semiconductors,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 16, 971–974 (1966).
    [CrossRef]
  2. T. Yoshida, K. Miyazaki, K. Fujisawa, “Emission properties of two-photon pumped InSb laser under magnetic field,” Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 14, 1987–1993 (1975).
    [CrossRef]
  3. X. H. Yang, J. M. Hays, W. Shan, J. J. Song, E. Cantwell, “Two-photon pumped blue lasing in bulk ZnSe and ZnS,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 62, 1071–1073 (1993).
    [CrossRef]
  4. A. S. Kwok, A. Serpenguzel, W. F. Hsieh, R. K. Chang, J. B. Gillespie, “Two-photon pumped lasing in microdroplets,” Opt. Lett. 17, 1435–1437 (1992).
    [CrossRef]
  5. G. S. He, R. Signorini, P. N. Prasad, “Two-photon-pumped frequency-uponverted blue lasing in Coumarin dye solution,” Appl. Opt. 37, 5720–5726 (1998).
    [CrossRef]
  6. G. S. He, L. Yuan, Y. Cui, M. Li, P. N. Prasad, “Studies of two-photon pumped frequency-upconverted lasing properties of an new dye material,” J. Appl. Phys. 81, 2529–2537 (1997).
    [CrossRef]
  7. G. S. He, L. Yuan, P. N. Prasad, A. Abbotto, A. Facchetti, G. A. Pagani, “Two-photon pumped frequency-upconversion lasing of a new blue-green dye material,” Opt. Commun. 140, 49–52 (1997).
    [CrossRef]
  8. G. Zhou, X. Wang, D. Wang, C. Wang, X. Zhao, Z. Shao, M. Jiang, “Two-photon induced optical-power limiting and upconverted superradiance properties of a new organic dye HEASPI,” Opt. Laser Technol. 33, 209–212 (2001).
    [CrossRef]
  9. G. He, C. Zhao, J. Bhawalkar, P. Prasad, “Two-photon pumped cavity lasing in novel dye doped bulk matrix rods,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 67, 3703–3705 (1995).
    [CrossRef]
  10. G. Zhou, D. Wang, Y. Ren, X. Xu, X. Fang, Z. Shao, Q. Fang, M. Jiang, “Two-photon-absorption and upconverted superradiance properties of organic dye HEASPS-doped linear homogeneous polymer at different wavelengths,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 19, 1141–1144 (2002).
    [CrossRef]
  11. C. Zhao, G. He, J. Bhawalkar, C. Park, P. Prasad, “Newly synthesized dyes and their polymer/glass composites for one- and two-photon pumped solid-state cavity lasing,” Chem. Mater. 7, 1979–1983 (1995).
    [CrossRef]

2002 (1)

2001 (1)

G. Zhou, X. Wang, D. Wang, C. Wang, X. Zhao, Z. Shao, M. Jiang, “Two-photon induced optical-power limiting and upconverted superradiance properties of a new organic dye HEASPI,” Opt. Laser Technol. 33, 209–212 (2001).
[CrossRef]

1998 (1)

1997 (2)

G. S. He, L. Yuan, Y. Cui, M. Li, P. N. Prasad, “Studies of two-photon pumped frequency-upconverted lasing properties of an new dye material,” J. Appl. Phys. 81, 2529–2537 (1997).
[CrossRef]

G. S. He, L. Yuan, P. N. Prasad, A. Abbotto, A. Facchetti, G. A. Pagani, “Two-photon pumped frequency-upconversion lasing of a new blue-green dye material,” Opt. Commun. 140, 49–52 (1997).
[CrossRef]

1995 (2)

G. He, C. Zhao, J. Bhawalkar, P. Prasad, “Two-photon pumped cavity lasing in novel dye doped bulk matrix rods,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 67, 3703–3705 (1995).
[CrossRef]

C. Zhao, G. He, J. Bhawalkar, C. Park, P. Prasad, “Newly synthesized dyes and their polymer/glass composites for one- and two-photon pumped solid-state cavity lasing,” Chem. Mater. 7, 1979–1983 (1995).
[CrossRef]

1993 (1)

X. H. Yang, J. M. Hays, W. Shan, J. J. Song, E. Cantwell, “Two-photon pumped blue lasing in bulk ZnSe and ZnS,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 62, 1071–1073 (1993).
[CrossRef]

1992 (1)

1975 (1)

T. Yoshida, K. Miyazaki, K. Fujisawa, “Emission properties of two-photon pumped InSb laser under magnetic field,” Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 14, 1987–1993 (1975).
[CrossRef]

1966 (1)

C. K. N. Patel, P. A. Fleury, R. E. Slusher, H. L. Frisch, “Multiphoton plasma production and stimulated recombination radiation in semiconductors,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 16, 971–974 (1966).
[CrossRef]

Abbotto, A.

G. S. He, L. Yuan, P. N. Prasad, A. Abbotto, A. Facchetti, G. A. Pagani, “Two-photon pumped frequency-upconversion lasing of a new blue-green dye material,” Opt. Commun. 140, 49–52 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Bhawalkar, J.

G. He, C. Zhao, J. Bhawalkar, P. Prasad, “Two-photon pumped cavity lasing in novel dye doped bulk matrix rods,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 67, 3703–3705 (1995).
[CrossRef]

C. Zhao, G. He, J. Bhawalkar, C. Park, P. Prasad, “Newly synthesized dyes and their polymer/glass composites for one- and two-photon pumped solid-state cavity lasing,” Chem. Mater. 7, 1979–1983 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Cantwell, E.

X. H. Yang, J. M. Hays, W. Shan, J. J. Song, E. Cantwell, “Two-photon pumped blue lasing in bulk ZnSe and ZnS,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 62, 1071–1073 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Chang, R. K.

Cui, Y.

G. S. He, L. Yuan, Y. Cui, M. Li, P. N. Prasad, “Studies of two-photon pumped frequency-upconverted lasing properties of an new dye material,” J. Appl. Phys. 81, 2529–2537 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Facchetti, A.

G. S. He, L. Yuan, P. N. Prasad, A. Abbotto, A. Facchetti, G. A. Pagani, “Two-photon pumped frequency-upconversion lasing of a new blue-green dye material,” Opt. Commun. 140, 49–52 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Fang, Q.

Fang, X.

Fleury, P. A.

C. K. N. Patel, P. A. Fleury, R. E. Slusher, H. L. Frisch, “Multiphoton plasma production and stimulated recombination radiation in semiconductors,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 16, 971–974 (1966).
[CrossRef]

Frisch, H. L.

C. K. N. Patel, P. A. Fleury, R. E. Slusher, H. L. Frisch, “Multiphoton plasma production and stimulated recombination radiation in semiconductors,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 16, 971–974 (1966).
[CrossRef]

Fujisawa, K.

T. Yoshida, K. Miyazaki, K. Fujisawa, “Emission properties of two-photon pumped InSb laser under magnetic field,” Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 14, 1987–1993 (1975).
[CrossRef]

Gillespie, J. B.

Hays, J. M.

X. H. Yang, J. M. Hays, W. Shan, J. J. Song, E. Cantwell, “Two-photon pumped blue lasing in bulk ZnSe and ZnS,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 62, 1071–1073 (1993).
[CrossRef]

He, G.

G. He, C. Zhao, J. Bhawalkar, P. Prasad, “Two-photon pumped cavity lasing in novel dye doped bulk matrix rods,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 67, 3703–3705 (1995).
[CrossRef]

C. Zhao, G. He, J. Bhawalkar, C. Park, P. Prasad, “Newly synthesized dyes and their polymer/glass composites for one- and two-photon pumped solid-state cavity lasing,” Chem. Mater. 7, 1979–1983 (1995).
[CrossRef]

He, G. S.

G. S. He, R. Signorini, P. N. Prasad, “Two-photon-pumped frequency-uponverted blue lasing in Coumarin dye solution,” Appl. Opt. 37, 5720–5726 (1998).
[CrossRef]

G. S. He, L. Yuan, P. N. Prasad, A. Abbotto, A. Facchetti, G. A. Pagani, “Two-photon pumped frequency-upconversion lasing of a new blue-green dye material,” Opt. Commun. 140, 49–52 (1997).
[CrossRef]

G. S. He, L. Yuan, Y. Cui, M. Li, P. N. Prasad, “Studies of two-photon pumped frequency-upconverted lasing properties of an new dye material,” J. Appl. Phys. 81, 2529–2537 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Hsieh, W. F.

Jiang, M.

G. Zhou, D. Wang, Y. Ren, X. Xu, X. Fang, Z. Shao, Q. Fang, M. Jiang, “Two-photon-absorption and upconverted superradiance properties of organic dye HEASPS-doped linear homogeneous polymer at different wavelengths,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 19, 1141–1144 (2002).
[CrossRef]

G. Zhou, X. Wang, D. Wang, C. Wang, X. Zhao, Z. Shao, M. Jiang, “Two-photon induced optical-power limiting and upconverted superradiance properties of a new organic dye HEASPI,” Opt. Laser Technol. 33, 209–212 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Kwok, A. S.

Li, M.

G. S. He, L. Yuan, Y. Cui, M. Li, P. N. Prasad, “Studies of two-photon pumped frequency-upconverted lasing properties of an new dye material,” J. Appl. Phys. 81, 2529–2537 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Miyazaki, K.

T. Yoshida, K. Miyazaki, K. Fujisawa, “Emission properties of two-photon pumped InSb laser under magnetic field,” Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 14, 1987–1993 (1975).
[CrossRef]

Pagani, G. A.

G. S. He, L. Yuan, P. N. Prasad, A. Abbotto, A. Facchetti, G. A. Pagani, “Two-photon pumped frequency-upconversion lasing of a new blue-green dye material,” Opt. Commun. 140, 49–52 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Park, C.

C. Zhao, G. He, J. Bhawalkar, C. Park, P. Prasad, “Newly synthesized dyes and their polymer/glass composites for one- and two-photon pumped solid-state cavity lasing,” Chem. Mater. 7, 1979–1983 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Patel, C. K. N.

C. K. N. Patel, P. A. Fleury, R. E. Slusher, H. L. Frisch, “Multiphoton plasma production and stimulated recombination radiation in semiconductors,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 16, 971–974 (1966).
[CrossRef]

Prasad, P.

C. Zhao, G. He, J. Bhawalkar, C. Park, P. Prasad, “Newly synthesized dyes and their polymer/glass composites for one- and two-photon pumped solid-state cavity lasing,” Chem. Mater. 7, 1979–1983 (1995).
[CrossRef]

G. He, C. Zhao, J. Bhawalkar, P. Prasad, “Two-photon pumped cavity lasing in novel dye doped bulk matrix rods,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 67, 3703–3705 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Prasad, P. N.

G. S. He, R. Signorini, P. N. Prasad, “Two-photon-pumped frequency-uponverted blue lasing in Coumarin dye solution,” Appl. Opt. 37, 5720–5726 (1998).
[CrossRef]

G. S. He, L. Yuan, Y. Cui, M. Li, P. N. Prasad, “Studies of two-photon pumped frequency-upconverted lasing properties of an new dye material,” J. Appl. Phys. 81, 2529–2537 (1997).
[CrossRef]

G. S. He, L. Yuan, P. N. Prasad, A. Abbotto, A. Facchetti, G. A. Pagani, “Two-photon pumped frequency-upconversion lasing of a new blue-green dye material,” Opt. Commun. 140, 49–52 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Ren, Y.

Serpenguzel, A.

Shan, W.

X. H. Yang, J. M. Hays, W. Shan, J. J. Song, E. Cantwell, “Two-photon pumped blue lasing in bulk ZnSe and ZnS,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 62, 1071–1073 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Shao, Z.

G. Zhou, D. Wang, Y. Ren, X. Xu, X. Fang, Z. Shao, Q. Fang, M. Jiang, “Two-photon-absorption and upconverted superradiance properties of organic dye HEASPS-doped linear homogeneous polymer at different wavelengths,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 19, 1141–1144 (2002).
[CrossRef]

G. Zhou, X. Wang, D. Wang, C. Wang, X. Zhao, Z. Shao, M. Jiang, “Two-photon induced optical-power limiting and upconverted superradiance properties of a new organic dye HEASPI,” Opt. Laser Technol. 33, 209–212 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Signorini, R.

Slusher, R. E.

C. K. N. Patel, P. A. Fleury, R. E. Slusher, H. L. Frisch, “Multiphoton plasma production and stimulated recombination radiation in semiconductors,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 16, 971–974 (1966).
[CrossRef]

Song, J. J.

X. H. Yang, J. M. Hays, W. Shan, J. J. Song, E. Cantwell, “Two-photon pumped blue lasing in bulk ZnSe and ZnS,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 62, 1071–1073 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Wang, C.

G. Zhou, X. Wang, D. Wang, C. Wang, X. Zhao, Z. Shao, M. Jiang, “Two-photon induced optical-power limiting and upconverted superradiance properties of a new organic dye HEASPI,” Opt. Laser Technol. 33, 209–212 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Wang, D.

G. Zhou, D. Wang, Y. Ren, X. Xu, X. Fang, Z. Shao, Q. Fang, M. Jiang, “Two-photon-absorption and upconverted superradiance properties of organic dye HEASPS-doped linear homogeneous polymer at different wavelengths,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 19, 1141–1144 (2002).
[CrossRef]

G. Zhou, X. Wang, D. Wang, C. Wang, X. Zhao, Z. Shao, M. Jiang, “Two-photon induced optical-power limiting and upconverted superradiance properties of a new organic dye HEASPI,” Opt. Laser Technol. 33, 209–212 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Wang, X.

G. Zhou, X. Wang, D. Wang, C. Wang, X. Zhao, Z. Shao, M. Jiang, “Two-photon induced optical-power limiting and upconverted superradiance properties of a new organic dye HEASPI,” Opt. Laser Technol. 33, 209–212 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Xu, X.

Yang, X. H.

X. H. Yang, J. M. Hays, W. Shan, J. J. Song, E. Cantwell, “Two-photon pumped blue lasing in bulk ZnSe and ZnS,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 62, 1071–1073 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Yoshida, T.

T. Yoshida, K. Miyazaki, K. Fujisawa, “Emission properties of two-photon pumped InSb laser under magnetic field,” Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 14, 1987–1993 (1975).
[CrossRef]

Yuan, L.

G. S. He, L. Yuan, P. N. Prasad, A. Abbotto, A. Facchetti, G. A. Pagani, “Two-photon pumped frequency-upconversion lasing of a new blue-green dye material,” Opt. Commun. 140, 49–52 (1997).
[CrossRef]

G. S. He, L. Yuan, Y. Cui, M. Li, P. N. Prasad, “Studies of two-photon pumped frequency-upconverted lasing properties of an new dye material,” J. Appl. Phys. 81, 2529–2537 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Zhao, C.

C. Zhao, G. He, J. Bhawalkar, C. Park, P. Prasad, “Newly synthesized dyes and their polymer/glass composites for one- and two-photon pumped solid-state cavity lasing,” Chem. Mater. 7, 1979–1983 (1995).
[CrossRef]

G. He, C. Zhao, J. Bhawalkar, P. Prasad, “Two-photon pumped cavity lasing in novel dye doped bulk matrix rods,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 67, 3703–3705 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Zhao, X.

G. Zhou, X. Wang, D. Wang, C. Wang, X. Zhao, Z. Shao, M. Jiang, “Two-photon induced optical-power limiting and upconverted superradiance properties of a new organic dye HEASPI,” Opt. Laser Technol. 33, 209–212 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Zhou, G.

G. Zhou, D. Wang, Y. Ren, X. Xu, X. Fang, Z. Shao, Q. Fang, M. Jiang, “Two-photon-absorption and upconverted superradiance properties of organic dye HEASPS-doped linear homogeneous polymer at different wavelengths,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 19, 1141–1144 (2002).
[CrossRef]

G. Zhou, X. Wang, D. Wang, C. Wang, X. Zhao, Z. Shao, M. Jiang, “Two-photon induced optical-power limiting and upconverted superradiance properties of a new organic dye HEASPI,” Opt. Laser Technol. 33, 209–212 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Appl. Opt. (1)

Appl. Phys. Lett. (2)

X. H. Yang, J. M. Hays, W. Shan, J. J. Song, E. Cantwell, “Two-photon pumped blue lasing in bulk ZnSe and ZnS,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 62, 1071–1073 (1993).
[CrossRef]

G. He, C. Zhao, J. Bhawalkar, P. Prasad, “Two-photon pumped cavity lasing in novel dye doped bulk matrix rods,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 67, 3703–3705 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Chem. Mater. (1)

C. Zhao, G. He, J. Bhawalkar, C. Park, P. Prasad, “Newly synthesized dyes and their polymer/glass composites for one- and two-photon pumped solid-state cavity lasing,” Chem. Mater. 7, 1979–1983 (1995).
[CrossRef]

J. Appl. Phys. (1)

G. S. He, L. Yuan, Y. Cui, M. Li, P. N. Prasad, “Studies of two-photon pumped frequency-upconverted lasing properties of an new dye material,” J. Appl. Phys. 81, 2529–2537 (1997).
[CrossRef]

J. Opt. Soc. Am. B (1)

Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. (1)

T. Yoshida, K. Miyazaki, K. Fujisawa, “Emission properties of two-photon pumped InSb laser under magnetic field,” Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 14, 1987–1993 (1975).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Commun. (1)

G. S. He, L. Yuan, P. N. Prasad, A. Abbotto, A. Facchetti, G. A. Pagani, “Two-photon pumped frequency-upconversion lasing of a new blue-green dye material,” Opt. Commun. 140, 49–52 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Laser Technol. (1)

G. Zhou, X. Wang, D. Wang, C. Wang, X. Zhao, Z. Shao, M. Jiang, “Two-photon induced optical-power limiting and upconverted superradiance properties of a new organic dye HEASPI,” Opt. Laser Technol. 33, 209–212 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Lett. (1)

Phys. Rev. Lett. (1)

C. K. N. Patel, P. A. Fleury, R. E. Slusher, H. L. Frisch, “Multiphoton plasma production and stimulated recombination radiation in semiconductors,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 16, 971–974 (1966).
[CrossRef]

Cited By

OSA participates in CrossRef's Cited-By Linking service. Citing articles from OSA journals and other participating publishers are listed here.

Alert me when this article is cited.


Figures (6)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

Linear absorption spectrum of a 1-cm-path dye solution in DMF with the concentration of 0.0001 mol/L. The molecular chemical structure is shown in the upper right corner.

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

(a) One-photon fluorescence spectrum of the dye in DMF at the concentration of 1 × 10-6 mol/L, (b) the TPA fluorescence spectrum and (c) the superradiance spectrum of the dye in DMF at the concentration of 0.01 mol/L.

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

Temporal profiles of (a) the pump laser and (b) the TPA fluorescence in DMF (b).

Fig. 4
Fig. 4

Upconversion efficiencies of the dye in (a) DMF and (b) methanol at the same concentration of 0.01 mol/L.

Fig. 5
Fig. 5

Optical power limiting properties of the dye solution in DMF and methanol at the concentration of 0.01 mol/L.

Fig. 6
Fig. 6

The (a) nonlinear transmittance (a) and (b) upconversion efficiencies at different pump wavelengths.

Metrics