Abstract

We demonstrate the feasibility of a new concept of laser that benefits from both fiber and laser crystals: a cw diode-pumped solid-state laser with an intracavity fiber Bragg grating as the output coupler. The design of the laser cavity and the experimental demonstration are both described. Several applications are mentioned.

© 2002 Optical Society of America

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References

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  1. A. A. Kaminskii, Laser Crystals (Springler-Verlag, New York, 1981).
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    [CrossRef]
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  4. B. F. Ventrudo, G. A. Rogers, G. S. Lick, D. Hargreaves, T. N. Demayo, “Wavelength and intensity stabilisation of 980-nm diode lasers coupled to fibre Bragg gratings,” Electron. Lett. 30, 2147–2148 (1994).
    [CrossRef]
  5. N. J. Vasa, T. Okada, M. Maeda, T. Mizunami, O. Uchino, “Single-mode cw Cr3+:LiSrAlF6 laser using an external fiber grating,” Opt. Lett. 21, 1472–1473 (1996).
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    [CrossRef]
  7. P. Laporta, M. Brussard, “Design criteria for mode size optimization in diode-pumped solid-state lasers,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 27, 2319–2326 (1991).
    [CrossRef]
  8. K. O. Hill, Y. Fujii, D. C. Johnson, B. S. Kawasaki, “Photosensitivity in optical fiber waveguides: application to reflection filter fabrication,” App. Phys. Lett. 32, 647–649 (1978).
    [CrossRef]
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2002 (1)

2001 (1)

1996 (1)

1994 (2)

P. A. Morton, V. Mizrahi, T. Tanbun-Ek, R. A. Logan, P. J. Lemaire, H. M. Presby, T. Erdogan, S. L. Woodward, J. E. Sipe, M. R. Phillips, A. M. Sergent, K. W. Wecht, “Stable single mode hybrid laser with high power and narrow linewidth,” App. Phys. Lett. 64, 2634–2636 (1994).
[CrossRef]

B. F. Ventrudo, G. A. Rogers, G. S. Lick, D. Hargreaves, T. N. Demayo, “Wavelength and intensity stabilisation of 980-nm diode lasers coupled to fibre Bragg gratings,” Electron. Lett. 30, 2147–2148 (1994).
[CrossRef]

1991 (1)

P. Laporta, M. Brussard, “Design criteria for mode size optimization in diode-pumped solid-state lasers,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 27, 2319–2326 (1991).
[CrossRef]

1990 (1)

J. Y. Allain, M. Monerie, H. Poignant, “Blue upconversion fluorozirconate fibre laser,” Electron. Lett. 26, 166–168 (1990).
[CrossRef]

1978 (1)

K. O. Hill, Y. Fujii, D. C. Johnson, B. S. Kawasaki, “Photosensitivity in optical fiber waveguides: application to reflection filter fabrication,” App. Phys. Lett. 32, 647–649 (1978).
[CrossRef]

1966 (1)

D. Findlay, R. A. Clay, “The measurement of internal losses in 4-level lasers,” Phys. Lett. 20, 277–278 (1966).
[CrossRef]

Allain, J. Y.

J. Y. Allain, M. Monerie, H. Poignant, “Blue upconversion fluorozirconate fibre laser,” Electron. Lett. 26, 166–168 (1990).
[CrossRef]

Brussard, M.

P. Laporta, M. Brussard, “Design criteria for mode size optimization in diode-pumped solid-state lasers,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 27, 2319–2326 (1991).
[CrossRef]

Chen, Y. F.

Cho, S. H.

Clay, R. A.

D. Findlay, R. A. Clay, “The measurement of internal losses in 4-level lasers,” Phys. Lett. 20, 277–278 (1966).
[CrossRef]

Cunningham, J. E.

Demayo, T. N.

B. F. Ventrudo, G. A. Rogers, G. S. Lick, D. Hargreaves, T. N. Demayo, “Wavelength and intensity stabilisation of 980-nm diode lasers coupled to fibre Bragg gratings,” Electron. Lett. 30, 2147–2148 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Erdogan, T.

P. A. Morton, V. Mizrahi, T. Tanbun-Ek, R. A. Logan, P. J. Lemaire, H. M. Presby, T. Erdogan, S. L. Woodward, J. E. Sipe, M. R. Phillips, A. M. Sergent, K. W. Wecht, “Stable single mode hybrid laser with high power and narrow linewidth,” App. Phys. Lett. 64, 2634–2636 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Findlay, D.

D. Findlay, R. A. Clay, “The measurement of internal losses in 4-level lasers,” Phys. Lett. 20, 277–278 (1966).
[CrossRef]

Fujii, Y.

K. O. Hill, Y. Fujii, D. C. Johnson, B. S. Kawasaki, “Photosensitivity in optical fiber waveguides: application to reflection filter fabrication,” App. Phys. Lett. 32, 647–649 (1978).
[CrossRef]

Fujimoto, J. G.

Hargreaves, D.

B. F. Ventrudo, G. A. Rogers, G. S. Lick, D. Hargreaves, T. N. Demayo, “Wavelength and intensity stabilisation of 980-nm diode lasers coupled to fibre Bragg gratings,” Electron. Lett. 30, 2147–2148 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Hill, K. O.

K. O. Hill, Y. Fujii, D. C. Johnson, B. S. Kawasaki, “Photosensitivity in optical fiber waveguides: application to reflection filter fabrication,” App. Phys. Lett. 32, 647–649 (1978).
[CrossRef]

Ippen, E. P.

Johnson, D. C.

K. O. Hill, Y. Fujii, D. C. Johnson, B. S. Kawasaki, “Photosensitivity in optical fiber waveguides: application to reflection filter fabrication,” App. Phys. Lett. 32, 647–649 (1978).
[CrossRef]

Kaminskii, A. A.

A. A. Kaminskii, Laser Crystals (Springler-Verlag, New York, 1981).

Kärtner, X.

Kashyap, R.

R. Kashyap, “Fiber grating lasers and amplifiers,” in Fiber Bragg Gratings, P. L. Kelly, I. Kaminov, G. Agrawal, eds., Optics and Photonics Series (Academic, San Diego, Calif., 1999).

Kawasaki, B. S.

K. O. Hill, Y. Fujii, D. C. Johnson, B. S. Kawasaki, “Photosensitivity in optical fiber waveguides: application to reflection filter fabrication,” App. Phys. Lett. 32, 647–649 (1978).
[CrossRef]

Knox, W. H.

Laporta, P.

P. Laporta, M. Brussard, “Design criteria for mode size optimization in diode-pumped solid-state lasers,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 27, 2319–2326 (1991).
[CrossRef]

Lemaire, P. J.

P. A. Morton, V. Mizrahi, T. Tanbun-Ek, R. A. Logan, P. J. Lemaire, H. M. Presby, T. Erdogan, S. L. Woodward, J. E. Sipe, M. R. Phillips, A. M. Sergent, K. W. Wecht, “Stable single mode hybrid laser with high power and narrow linewidth,” App. Phys. Lett. 64, 2634–2636 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Lick, G. S.

B. F. Ventrudo, G. A. Rogers, G. S. Lick, D. Hargreaves, T. N. Demayo, “Wavelength and intensity stabilisation of 980-nm diode lasers coupled to fibre Bragg gratings,” Electron. Lett. 30, 2147–2148 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Logan, R. A.

P. A. Morton, V. Mizrahi, T. Tanbun-Ek, R. A. Logan, P. J. Lemaire, H. M. Presby, T. Erdogan, S. L. Woodward, J. E. Sipe, M. R. Phillips, A. M. Sergent, K. W. Wecht, “Stable single mode hybrid laser with high power and narrow linewidth,” App. Phys. Lett. 64, 2634–2636 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Maeda, M.

Mizrahi, V.

P. A. Morton, V. Mizrahi, T. Tanbun-Ek, R. A. Logan, P. J. Lemaire, H. M. Presby, T. Erdogan, S. L. Woodward, J. E. Sipe, M. R. Phillips, A. M. Sergent, K. W. Wecht, “Stable single mode hybrid laser with high power and narrow linewidth,” App. Phys. Lett. 64, 2634–2636 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Mizunami, T.

Monerie, M.

J. Y. Allain, M. Monerie, H. Poignant, “Blue upconversion fluorozirconate fibre laser,” Electron. Lett. 26, 166–168 (1990).
[CrossRef]

Morgner, U.

Morton, P. A.

P. A. Morton, V. Mizrahi, T. Tanbun-Ek, R. A. Logan, P. J. Lemaire, H. M. Presby, T. Erdogan, S. L. Woodward, J. E. Sipe, M. R. Phillips, A. M. Sergent, K. W. Wecht, “Stable single mode hybrid laser with high power and narrow linewidth,” App. Phys. Lett. 64, 2634–2636 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Okada, T.

Phillips, M. R.

P. A. Morton, V. Mizrahi, T. Tanbun-Ek, R. A. Logan, P. J. Lemaire, H. M. Presby, T. Erdogan, S. L. Woodward, J. E. Sipe, M. R. Phillips, A. M. Sergent, K. W. Wecht, “Stable single mode hybrid laser with high power and narrow linewidth,” App. Phys. Lett. 64, 2634–2636 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Poignant, H.

J. Y. Allain, M. Monerie, H. Poignant, “Blue upconversion fluorozirconate fibre laser,” Electron. Lett. 26, 166–168 (1990).
[CrossRef]

Presby, H. M.

P. A. Morton, V. Mizrahi, T. Tanbun-Ek, R. A. Logan, P. J. Lemaire, H. M. Presby, T. Erdogan, S. L. Woodward, J. E. Sipe, M. R. Phillips, A. M. Sergent, K. W. Wecht, “Stable single mode hybrid laser with high power and narrow linewidth,” App. Phys. Lett. 64, 2634–2636 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Rogers, G. A.

B. F. Ventrudo, G. A. Rogers, G. S. Lick, D. Hargreaves, T. N. Demayo, “Wavelength and intensity stabilisation of 980-nm diode lasers coupled to fibre Bragg gratings,” Electron. Lett. 30, 2147–2148 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Sergent, A. M.

P. A. Morton, V. Mizrahi, T. Tanbun-Ek, R. A. Logan, P. J. Lemaire, H. M. Presby, T. Erdogan, S. L. Woodward, J. E. Sipe, M. R. Phillips, A. M. Sergent, K. W. Wecht, “Stable single mode hybrid laser with high power and narrow linewidth,” App. Phys. Lett. 64, 2634–2636 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Sipe, J. E.

P. A. Morton, V. Mizrahi, T. Tanbun-Ek, R. A. Logan, P. J. Lemaire, H. M. Presby, T. Erdogan, S. L. Woodward, J. E. Sipe, M. R. Phillips, A. M. Sergent, K. W. Wecht, “Stable single mode hybrid laser with high power and narrow linewidth,” App. Phys. Lett. 64, 2634–2636 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Tanbun-Ek, T.

P. A. Morton, V. Mizrahi, T. Tanbun-Ek, R. A. Logan, P. J. Lemaire, H. M. Presby, T. Erdogan, S. L. Woodward, J. E. Sipe, M. R. Phillips, A. M. Sergent, K. W. Wecht, “Stable single mode hybrid laser with high power and narrow linewidth,” App. Phys. Lett. 64, 2634–2636 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Tsai, S. W.

Uchino, O.

Vasa, N. J.

Ventrudo, B. F.

B. F. Ventrudo, G. A. Rogers, G. S. Lick, D. Hargreaves, T. N. Demayo, “Wavelength and intensity stabilisation of 980-nm diode lasers coupled to fibre Bragg gratings,” Electron. Lett. 30, 2147–2148 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Wecht, K. W.

P. A. Morton, V. Mizrahi, T. Tanbun-Ek, R. A. Logan, P. J. Lemaire, H. M. Presby, T. Erdogan, S. L. Woodward, J. E. Sipe, M. R. Phillips, A. M. Sergent, K. W. Wecht, “Stable single mode hybrid laser with high power and narrow linewidth,” App. Phys. Lett. 64, 2634–2636 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Woodward, S. L.

P. A. Morton, V. Mizrahi, T. Tanbun-Ek, R. A. Logan, P. J. Lemaire, H. M. Presby, T. Erdogan, S. L. Woodward, J. E. Sipe, M. R. Phillips, A. M. Sergent, K. W. Wecht, “Stable single mode hybrid laser with high power and narrow linewidth,” App. Phys. Lett. 64, 2634–2636 (1994).
[CrossRef]

App. Phys. Lett. (2)

P. A. Morton, V. Mizrahi, T. Tanbun-Ek, R. A. Logan, P. J. Lemaire, H. M. Presby, T. Erdogan, S. L. Woodward, J. E. Sipe, M. R. Phillips, A. M. Sergent, K. W. Wecht, “Stable single mode hybrid laser with high power and narrow linewidth,” App. Phys. Lett. 64, 2634–2636 (1994).
[CrossRef]

K. O. Hill, Y. Fujii, D. C. Johnson, B. S. Kawasaki, “Photosensitivity in optical fiber waveguides: application to reflection filter fabrication,” App. Phys. Lett. 32, 647–649 (1978).
[CrossRef]

Electron. Lett. (2)

J. Y. Allain, M. Monerie, H. Poignant, “Blue upconversion fluorozirconate fibre laser,” Electron. Lett. 26, 166–168 (1990).
[CrossRef]

B. F. Ventrudo, G. A. Rogers, G. S. Lick, D. Hargreaves, T. N. Demayo, “Wavelength and intensity stabilisation of 980-nm diode lasers coupled to fibre Bragg gratings,” Electron. Lett. 30, 2147–2148 (1994).
[CrossRef]

IEEE J. Quantum Electron. (1)

P. Laporta, M. Brussard, “Design criteria for mode size optimization in diode-pumped solid-state lasers,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 27, 2319–2326 (1991).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Lett. (3)

Phys. Lett. (1)

D. Findlay, R. A. Clay, “The measurement of internal losses in 4-level lasers,” Phys. Lett. 20, 277–278 (1966).
[CrossRef]

Other (2)

A. A. Kaminskii, Laser Crystals (Springler-Verlag, New York, 1981).

R. Kashyap, “Fiber grating lasers and amplifiers,” in Fiber Bragg Gratings, P. L. Kelly, I. Kaminov, G. Agrawal, eds., Optics and Photonics Series (Academic, San Diego, Calif., 1999).

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Figures (4)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

Cavity design. HR, highly reflective.

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

Transmission of the fiber Bragg grating versus its temperature (°C) at 1064.01 nm.

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

Output power versus the transmission of the Bragg grating. The absorbed pump power is 1.1 W; the temperature of the grating is varied from 50 °C to 24 °C.

Fig. 4
Fig. 4

Laser output power at 1064.01 nm versus absorbed pump power. The transmission of the output coupler is 18%, corresponding to a temperature of the grating of 41 °C. The slope efficiency is 4.2%.

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