Abstract

We present a quantitative comparison of three categories of velocity estimation algorithms, including centroid techniques (the adaptive centroid technique and the weighted centroid technique), the sliding-window filtering technique, and correlation techniques (autocorrelation and cross correlation). We introduce, among these five algorithms, two new algorithms: weighted centroid and sliding-window filtering. Simulations and in vivo blood flow data are used to assess the velocity estimation accuracies of these algorithms. These comparisons demonstrate that the sliding-window filtering technique is superior to the other techniques in terms of velocity estimation accuracy and robustness to noise.

© 2002 Optical Society of America

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