Abstract

The interferometric method for measuring the linear electro-optic coefficients of polymer films has been improved. This improved method is based on using the antipiezoelectric effect of a quartz crystal to compensate for the change in the optical path length that is due to the electro-optic effect of a polymer film. The electro-optic coefficients of six kinds of new poled polymer film have been determined at a wavelength of 633 nm by this new method. This technique offers a simple, rapid, and highly sensitive method for measuring the electro-optic coefficients of polymer films.

© 2002 Optical Society of America

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  1. L. N. Hayden, G. F. Sauter, F. R. Ore, P. L. Pasillas, J. M. Hoover, G. A. Lindsay, R. A. Henry, “Second-order nonlinear optical measurements in guest-host and side-chain polymers, “J. Appl. Phys. 68, 456–461 (1990).
    [CrossRef]
  2. C. C. Teng, H. T. Man, “Integrated waveguide/photodiodes using vertical impedance matching,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 56, 1734–1735 (1990).
    [CrossRef]
  3. Y. Shuto, M. Amano, “Reflection measurement technique of electro-optic coefficients in lithium niobate crystals and poled polymer films,” J. Appl. Phys. 77, 4632–4638 (1995).
    [CrossRef]
  4. S. H. Han, J. W. Wu, “Single-beam polarization interferometry measurement of the linear electro-optic effect in poled polymer films with a reflection configuration,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 14, 1131–1137 (1997).
    [CrossRef]
  5. K. S. Lee, J. W. Wu, M. H. Lee, H. K. Kim, Y. H. Won, “Measurement of the linear electro-optic effect in poled polymer thin films with coplanar electrodes,” Opt. Quantum Electron. 27, 347–354 (1995).
    [CrossRef]
  6. K. D. Singer, M. G. Kuzyk, W. R. Holland, S. J. Lalama, “Electro-optic phase modulation and optical second-harmonic generation in corona-poled polymer films,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 53, 1800–1802 (1988).
    [CrossRef]
  7. R. A. Norwood, M. G. Kuzyk, R. A. Keosian, “Electro-optic tenser ratio determination of side-chain copolymers with electro-optic interferometry,” J. Appl. Phys. 75, 1869–1874 (1994).
    [CrossRef]
  8. J. F. Valley, J. W. Wu, C. Valencia, “Heterodyne measurement of poling transient effects in electro-optic polymer thin films,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 57, 1084–1086 (1990).
    [CrossRef]
  9. R. H. Page, M. C. Jurich, B. Reck, A. Sen, R. J. Twieg, J. D. Swalen, G. C. Bjorklund, C. G. Willson, “Electro-chromic and optical waveguide studies of corona-poled electro-optic polymer films,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 7, 1239–1250 (1990).
    [CrossRef]
  10. W. Shi, C. Fang, Z. Xu, Q. Pan, Q. Gu, D. Xu, H. Wei, J. Yu, “Poling and characterization of nonlinear polymer DCNP/PEK-c thin films,” Solid State Commun. 113, 483–487 (2000).
    [CrossRef]
  11. W. Shi, Z. Xu, C. Fang, “Investigation on the nonlinear optical properties of the DCNP/PEK-c guest-host polymer films,” Appl. Phys. A 70, 185–191 (2000).
  12. G. R. Mohlmann, W. H. Horsthuis, C. P. van der Vorst, A. McDonach, M. Copeland, C. Duchet, P. Fabre, M. B. Diemeer, E. S. Trommel, F. M. Suyten, P. Van Dacle, E. Van Tomme, R. Baets, “Recent developments in optically nonlinear polymers and related electro-optic devices,” in Nonlinear Optical Properties of Organic Materials II, G. Khanarian, ed., Proc. SPIE1147, 245–255 (1989).
    [CrossRef]

2000 (2)

W. Shi, C. Fang, Z. Xu, Q. Pan, Q. Gu, D. Xu, H. Wei, J. Yu, “Poling and characterization of nonlinear polymer DCNP/PEK-c thin films,” Solid State Commun. 113, 483–487 (2000).
[CrossRef]

W. Shi, Z. Xu, C. Fang, “Investigation on the nonlinear optical properties of the DCNP/PEK-c guest-host polymer films,” Appl. Phys. A 70, 185–191 (2000).

1997 (1)

1995 (2)

Y. Shuto, M. Amano, “Reflection measurement technique of electro-optic coefficients in lithium niobate crystals and poled polymer films,” J. Appl. Phys. 77, 4632–4638 (1995).
[CrossRef]

K. S. Lee, J. W. Wu, M. H. Lee, H. K. Kim, Y. H. Won, “Measurement of the linear electro-optic effect in poled polymer thin films with coplanar electrodes,” Opt. Quantum Electron. 27, 347–354 (1995).
[CrossRef]

1994 (1)

R. A. Norwood, M. G. Kuzyk, R. A. Keosian, “Electro-optic tenser ratio determination of side-chain copolymers with electro-optic interferometry,” J. Appl. Phys. 75, 1869–1874 (1994).
[CrossRef]

1990 (4)

J. F. Valley, J. W. Wu, C. Valencia, “Heterodyne measurement of poling transient effects in electro-optic polymer thin films,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 57, 1084–1086 (1990).
[CrossRef]

R. H. Page, M. C. Jurich, B. Reck, A. Sen, R. J. Twieg, J. D. Swalen, G. C. Bjorklund, C. G. Willson, “Electro-chromic and optical waveguide studies of corona-poled electro-optic polymer films,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 7, 1239–1250 (1990).
[CrossRef]

L. N. Hayden, G. F. Sauter, F. R. Ore, P. L. Pasillas, J. M. Hoover, G. A. Lindsay, R. A. Henry, “Second-order nonlinear optical measurements in guest-host and side-chain polymers, “J. Appl. Phys. 68, 456–461 (1990).
[CrossRef]

C. C. Teng, H. T. Man, “Integrated waveguide/photodiodes using vertical impedance matching,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 56, 1734–1735 (1990).
[CrossRef]

1988 (1)

K. D. Singer, M. G. Kuzyk, W. R. Holland, S. J. Lalama, “Electro-optic phase modulation and optical second-harmonic generation in corona-poled polymer films,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 53, 1800–1802 (1988).
[CrossRef]

Amano, M.

Y. Shuto, M. Amano, “Reflection measurement technique of electro-optic coefficients in lithium niobate crystals and poled polymer films,” J. Appl. Phys. 77, 4632–4638 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Baets, R.

G. R. Mohlmann, W. H. Horsthuis, C. P. van der Vorst, A. McDonach, M. Copeland, C. Duchet, P. Fabre, M. B. Diemeer, E. S. Trommel, F. M. Suyten, P. Van Dacle, E. Van Tomme, R. Baets, “Recent developments in optically nonlinear polymers and related electro-optic devices,” in Nonlinear Optical Properties of Organic Materials II, G. Khanarian, ed., Proc. SPIE1147, 245–255 (1989).
[CrossRef]

Bjorklund, G. C.

Copeland, M.

G. R. Mohlmann, W. H. Horsthuis, C. P. van der Vorst, A. McDonach, M. Copeland, C. Duchet, P. Fabre, M. B. Diemeer, E. S. Trommel, F. M. Suyten, P. Van Dacle, E. Van Tomme, R. Baets, “Recent developments in optically nonlinear polymers and related electro-optic devices,” in Nonlinear Optical Properties of Organic Materials II, G. Khanarian, ed., Proc. SPIE1147, 245–255 (1989).
[CrossRef]

Diemeer, M. B.

G. R. Mohlmann, W. H. Horsthuis, C. P. van der Vorst, A. McDonach, M. Copeland, C. Duchet, P. Fabre, M. B. Diemeer, E. S. Trommel, F. M. Suyten, P. Van Dacle, E. Van Tomme, R. Baets, “Recent developments in optically nonlinear polymers and related electro-optic devices,” in Nonlinear Optical Properties of Organic Materials II, G. Khanarian, ed., Proc. SPIE1147, 245–255 (1989).
[CrossRef]

Duchet, C.

G. R. Mohlmann, W. H. Horsthuis, C. P. van der Vorst, A. McDonach, M. Copeland, C. Duchet, P. Fabre, M. B. Diemeer, E. S. Trommel, F. M. Suyten, P. Van Dacle, E. Van Tomme, R. Baets, “Recent developments in optically nonlinear polymers and related electro-optic devices,” in Nonlinear Optical Properties of Organic Materials II, G. Khanarian, ed., Proc. SPIE1147, 245–255 (1989).
[CrossRef]

Fabre, P.

G. R. Mohlmann, W. H. Horsthuis, C. P. van der Vorst, A. McDonach, M. Copeland, C. Duchet, P. Fabre, M. B. Diemeer, E. S. Trommel, F. M. Suyten, P. Van Dacle, E. Van Tomme, R. Baets, “Recent developments in optically nonlinear polymers and related electro-optic devices,” in Nonlinear Optical Properties of Organic Materials II, G. Khanarian, ed., Proc. SPIE1147, 245–255 (1989).
[CrossRef]

Fang, C.

W. Shi, C. Fang, Z. Xu, Q. Pan, Q. Gu, D. Xu, H. Wei, J. Yu, “Poling and characterization of nonlinear polymer DCNP/PEK-c thin films,” Solid State Commun. 113, 483–487 (2000).
[CrossRef]

W. Shi, Z. Xu, C. Fang, “Investigation on the nonlinear optical properties of the DCNP/PEK-c guest-host polymer films,” Appl. Phys. A 70, 185–191 (2000).

Gu, Q.

W. Shi, C. Fang, Z. Xu, Q. Pan, Q. Gu, D. Xu, H. Wei, J. Yu, “Poling and characterization of nonlinear polymer DCNP/PEK-c thin films,” Solid State Commun. 113, 483–487 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Han, S. H.

Hayden, L. N.

L. N. Hayden, G. F. Sauter, F. R. Ore, P. L. Pasillas, J. M. Hoover, G. A. Lindsay, R. A. Henry, “Second-order nonlinear optical measurements in guest-host and side-chain polymers, “J. Appl. Phys. 68, 456–461 (1990).
[CrossRef]

Henry, R. A.

L. N. Hayden, G. F. Sauter, F. R. Ore, P. L. Pasillas, J. M. Hoover, G. A. Lindsay, R. A. Henry, “Second-order nonlinear optical measurements in guest-host and side-chain polymers, “J. Appl. Phys. 68, 456–461 (1990).
[CrossRef]

Holland, W. R.

K. D. Singer, M. G. Kuzyk, W. R. Holland, S. J. Lalama, “Electro-optic phase modulation and optical second-harmonic generation in corona-poled polymer films,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 53, 1800–1802 (1988).
[CrossRef]

Hoover, J. M.

L. N. Hayden, G. F. Sauter, F. R. Ore, P. L. Pasillas, J. M. Hoover, G. A. Lindsay, R. A. Henry, “Second-order nonlinear optical measurements in guest-host and side-chain polymers, “J. Appl. Phys. 68, 456–461 (1990).
[CrossRef]

Horsthuis, W. H.

G. R. Mohlmann, W. H. Horsthuis, C. P. van der Vorst, A. McDonach, M. Copeland, C. Duchet, P. Fabre, M. B. Diemeer, E. S. Trommel, F. M. Suyten, P. Van Dacle, E. Van Tomme, R. Baets, “Recent developments in optically nonlinear polymers and related electro-optic devices,” in Nonlinear Optical Properties of Organic Materials II, G. Khanarian, ed., Proc. SPIE1147, 245–255 (1989).
[CrossRef]

Jurich, M. C.

Keosian, R. A.

R. A. Norwood, M. G. Kuzyk, R. A. Keosian, “Electro-optic tenser ratio determination of side-chain copolymers with electro-optic interferometry,” J. Appl. Phys. 75, 1869–1874 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Kim, H. K.

K. S. Lee, J. W. Wu, M. H. Lee, H. K. Kim, Y. H. Won, “Measurement of the linear electro-optic effect in poled polymer thin films with coplanar electrodes,” Opt. Quantum Electron. 27, 347–354 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Kuzyk, M. G.

R. A. Norwood, M. G. Kuzyk, R. A. Keosian, “Electro-optic tenser ratio determination of side-chain copolymers with electro-optic interferometry,” J. Appl. Phys. 75, 1869–1874 (1994).
[CrossRef]

K. D. Singer, M. G. Kuzyk, W. R. Holland, S. J. Lalama, “Electro-optic phase modulation and optical second-harmonic generation in corona-poled polymer films,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 53, 1800–1802 (1988).
[CrossRef]

Lalama, S. J.

K. D. Singer, M. G. Kuzyk, W. R. Holland, S. J. Lalama, “Electro-optic phase modulation and optical second-harmonic generation in corona-poled polymer films,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 53, 1800–1802 (1988).
[CrossRef]

Lee, K. S.

K. S. Lee, J. W. Wu, M. H. Lee, H. K. Kim, Y. H. Won, “Measurement of the linear electro-optic effect in poled polymer thin films with coplanar electrodes,” Opt. Quantum Electron. 27, 347–354 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Lee, M. H.

K. S. Lee, J. W. Wu, M. H. Lee, H. K. Kim, Y. H. Won, “Measurement of the linear electro-optic effect in poled polymer thin films with coplanar electrodes,” Opt. Quantum Electron. 27, 347–354 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Lindsay, G. A.

L. N. Hayden, G. F. Sauter, F. R. Ore, P. L. Pasillas, J. M. Hoover, G. A. Lindsay, R. A. Henry, “Second-order nonlinear optical measurements in guest-host and side-chain polymers, “J. Appl. Phys. 68, 456–461 (1990).
[CrossRef]

Man, H. T.

C. C. Teng, H. T. Man, “Integrated waveguide/photodiodes using vertical impedance matching,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 56, 1734–1735 (1990).
[CrossRef]

McDonach, A.

G. R. Mohlmann, W. H. Horsthuis, C. P. van der Vorst, A. McDonach, M. Copeland, C. Duchet, P. Fabre, M. B. Diemeer, E. S. Trommel, F. M. Suyten, P. Van Dacle, E. Van Tomme, R. Baets, “Recent developments in optically nonlinear polymers and related electro-optic devices,” in Nonlinear Optical Properties of Organic Materials II, G. Khanarian, ed., Proc. SPIE1147, 245–255 (1989).
[CrossRef]

Mohlmann, G. R.

G. R. Mohlmann, W. H. Horsthuis, C. P. van der Vorst, A. McDonach, M. Copeland, C. Duchet, P. Fabre, M. B. Diemeer, E. S. Trommel, F. M. Suyten, P. Van Dacle, E. Van Tomme, R. Baets, “Recent developments in optically nonlinear polymers and related electro-optic devices,” in Nonlinear Optical Properties of Organic Materials II, G. Khanarian, ed., Proc. SPIE1147, 245–255 (1989).
[CrossRef]

Norwood, R. A.

R. A. Norwood, M. G. Kuzyk, R. A. Keosian, “Electro-optic tenser ratio determination of side-chain copolymers with electro-optic interferometry,” J. Appl. Phys. 75, 1869–1874 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Ore, F. R.

L. N. Hayden, G. F. Sauter, F. R. Ore, P. L. Pasillas, J. M. Hoover, G. A. Lindsay, R. A. Henry, “Second-order nonlinear optical measurements in guest-host and side-chain polymers, “J. Appl. Phys. 68, 456–461 (1990).
[CrossRef]

Page, R. H.

Pan, Q.

W. Shi, C. Fang, Z. Xu, Q. Pan, Q. Gu, D. Xu, H. Wei, J. Yu, “Poling and characterization of nonlinear polymer DCNP/PEK-c thin films,” Solid State Commun. 113, 483–487 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Pasillas, P. L.

L. N. Hayden, G. F. Sauter, F. R. Ore, P. L. Pasillas, J. M. Hoover, G. A. Lindsay, R. A. Henry, “Second-order nonlinear optical measurements in guest-host and side-chain polymers, “J. Appl. Phys. 68, 456–461 (1990).
[CrossRef]

Reck, B.

Sauter, G. F.

L. N. Hayden, G. F. Sauter, F. R. Ore, P. L. Pasillas, J. M. Hoover, G. A. Lindsay, R. A. Henry, “Second-order nonlinear optical measurements in guest-host and side-chain polymers, “J. Appl. Phys. 68, 456–461 (1990).
[CrossRef]

Sen, A.

Shi, W.

W. Shi, C. Fang, Z. Xu, Q. Pan, Q. Gu, D. Xu, H. Wei, J. Yu, “Poling and characterization of nonlinear polymer DCNP/PEK-c thin films,” Solid State Commun. 113, 483–487 (2000).
[CrossRef]

W. Shi, Z. Xu, C. Fang, “Investigation on the nonlinear optical properties of the DCNP/PEK-c guest-host polymer films,” Appl. Phys. A 70, 185–191 (2000).

Shuto, Y.

Y. Shuto, M. Amano, “Reflection measurement technique of electro-optic coefficients in lithium niobate crystals and poled polymer films,” J. Appl. Phys. 77, 4632–4638 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Singer, K. D.

K. D. Singer, M. G. Kuzyk, W. R. Holland, S. J. Lalama, “Electro-optic phase modulation and optical second-harmonic generation in corona-poled polymer films,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 53, 1800–1802 (1988).
[CrossRef]

Suyten, F. M.

G. R. Mohlmann, W. H. Horsthuis, C. P. van der Vorst, A. McDonach, M. Copeland, C. Duchet, P. Fabre, M. B. Diemeer, E. S. Trommel, F. M. Suyten, P. Van Dacle, E. Van Tomme, R. Baets, “Recent developments in optically nonlinear polymers and related electro-optic devices,” in Nonlinear Optical Properties of Organic Materials II, G. Khanarian, ed., Proc. SPIE1147, 245–255 (1989).
[CrossRef]

Swalen, J. D.

Teng, C. C.

C. C. Teng, H. T. Man, “Integrated waveguide/photodiodes using vertical impedance matching,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 56, 1734–1735 (1990).
[CrossRef]

Trommel, E. S.

G. R. Mohlmann, W. H. Horsthuis, C. P. van der Vorst, A. McDonach, M. Copeland, C. Duchet, P. Fabre, M. B. Diemeer, E. S. Trommel, F. M. Suyten, P. Van Dacle, E. Van Tomme, R. Baets, “Recent developments in optically nonlinear polymers and related electro-optic devices,” in Nonlinear Optical Properties of Organic Materials II, G. Khanarian, ed., Proc. SPIE1147, 245–255 (1989).
[CrossRef]

Twieg, R. J.

Valencia, C.

J. F. Valley, J. W. Wu, C. Valencia, “Heterodyne measurement of poling transient effects in electro-optic polymer thin films,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 57, 1084–1086 (1990).
[CrossRef]

Valley, J. F.

J. F. Valley, J. W. Wu, C. Valencia, “Heterodyne measurement of poling transient effects in electro-optic polymer thin films,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 57, 1084–1086 (1990).
[CrossRef]

Van Dacle, P.

G. R. Mohlmann, W. H. Horsthuis, C. P. van der Vorst, A. McDonach, M. Copeland, C. Duchet, P. Fabre, M. B. Diemeer, E. S. Trommel, F. M. Suyten, P. Van Dacle, E. Van Tomme, R. Baets, “Recent developments in optically nonlinear polymers and related electro-optic devices,” in Nonlinear Optical Properties of Organic Materials II, G. Khanarian, ed., Proc. SPIE1147, 245–255 (1989).
[CrossRef]

van der Vorst, C. P.

G. R. Mohlmann, W. H. Horsthuis, C. P. van der Vorst, A. McDonach, M. Copeland, C. Duchet, P. Fabre, M. B. Diemeer, E. S. Trommel, F. M. Suyten, P. Van Dacle, E. Van Tomme, R. Baets, “Recent developments in optically nonlinear polymers and related electro-optic devices,” in Nonlinear Optical Properties of Organic Materials II, G. Khanarian, ed., Proc. SPIE1147, 245–255 (1989).
[CrossRef]

Van Tomme, E.

G. R. Mohlmann, W. H. Horsthuis, C. P. van der Vorst, A. McDonach, M. Copeland, C. Duchet, P. Fabre, M. B. Diemeer, E. S. Trommel, F. M. Suyten, P. Van Dacle, E. Van Tomme, R. Baets, “Recent developments in optically nonlinear polymers and related electro-optic devices,” in Nonlinear Optical Properties of Organic Materials II, G. Khanarian, ed., Proc. SPIE1147, 245–255 (1989).
[CrossRef]

Wei, H.

W. Shi, C. Fang, Z. Xu, Q. Pan, Q. Gu, D. Xu, H. Wei, J. Yu, “Poling and characterization of nonlinear polymer DCNP/PEK-c thin films,” Solid State Commun. 113, 483–487 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Willson, C. G.

Won, Y. H.

K. S. Lee, J. W. Wu, M. H. Lee, H. K. Kim, Y. H. Won, “Measurement of the linear electro-optic effect in poled polymer thin films with coplanar electrodes,” Opt. Quantum Electron. 27, 347–354 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Wu, J. W.

S. H. Han, J. W. Wu, “Single-beam polarization interferometry measurement of the linear electro-optic effect in poled polymer films with a reflection configuration,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 14, 1131–1137 (1997).
[CrossRef]

K. S. Lee, J. W. Wu, M. H. Lee, H. K. Kim, Y. H. Won, “Measurement of the linear electro-optic effect in poled polymer thin films with coplanar electrodes,” Opt. Quantum Electron. 27, 347–354 (1995).
[CrossRef]

J. F. Valley, J. W. Wu, C. Valencia, “Heterodyne measurement of poling transient effects in electro-optic polymer thin films,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 57, 1084–1086 (1990).
[CrossRef]

Xu, D.

W. Shi, C. Fang, Z. Xu, Q. Pan, Q. Gu, D. Xu, H. Wei, J. Yu, “Poling and characterization of nonlinear polymer DCNP/PEK-c thin films,” Solid State Commun. 113, 483–487 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Xu, Z.

W. Shi, C. Fang, Z. Xu, Q. Pan, Q. Gu, D. Xu, H. Wei, J. Yu, “Poling and characterization of nonlinear polymer DCNP/PEK-c thin films,” Solid State Commun. 113, 483–487 (2000).
[CrossRef]

W. Shi, Z. Xu, C. Fang, “Investigation on the nonlinear optical properties of the DCNP/PEK-c guest-host polymer films,” Appl. Phys. A 70, 185–191 (2000).

Yu, J.

W. Shi, C. Fang, Z. Xu, Q. Pan, Q. Gu, D. Xu, H. Wei, J. Yu, “Poling and characterization of nonlinear polymer DCNP/PEK-c thin films,” Solid State Commun. 113, 483–487 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Appl. Phys. A (1)

W. Shi, Z. Xu, C. Fang, “Investigation on the nonlinear optical properties of the DCNP/PEK-c guest-host polymer films,” Appl. Phys. A 70, 185–191 (2000).

Appl. Phys. Lett. (3)

J. F. Valley, J. W. Wu, C. Valencia, “Heterodyne measurement of poling transient effects in electro-optic polymer thin films,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 57, 1084–1086 (1990).
[CrossRef]

C. C. Teng, H. T. Man, “Integrated waveguide/photodiodes using vertical impedance matching,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 56, 1734–1735 (1990).
[CrossRef]

K. D. Singer, M. G. Kuzyk, W. R. Holland, S. J. Lalama, “Electro-optic phase modulation and optical second-harmonic generation in corona-poled polymer films,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 53, 1800–1802 (1988).
[CrossRef]

J. Appl. Phys. (3)

R. A. Norwood, M. G. Kuzyk, R. A. Keosian, “Electro-optic tenser ratio determination of side-chain copolymers with electro-optic interferometry,” J. Appl. Phys. 75, 1869–1874 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Y. Shuto, M. Amano, “Reflection measurement technique of electro-optic coefficients in lithium niobate crystals and poled polymer films,” J. Appl. Phys. 77, 4632–4638 (1995).
[CrossRef]

L. N. Hayden, G. F. Sauter, F. R. Ore, P. L. Pasillas, J. M. Hoover, G. A. Lindsay, R. A. Henry, “Second-order nonlinear optical measurements in guest-host and side-chain polymers, “J. Appl. Phys. 68, 456–461 (1990).
[CrossRef]

J. Opt. Soc. Am. B (2)

Opt. Quantum Electron. (1)

K. S. Lee, J. W. Wu, M. H. Lee, H. K. Kim, Y. H. Won, “Measurement of the linear electro-optic effect in poled polymer thin films with coplanar electrodes,” Opt. Quantum Electron. 27, 347–354 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Solid State Commun. (1)

W. Shi, C. Fang, Z. Xu, Q. Pan, Q. Gu, D. Xu, H. Wei, J. Yu, “Poling and characterization of nonlinear polymer DCNP/PEK-c thin films,” Solid State Commun. 113, 483–487 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Other (1)

G. R. Mohlmann, W. H. Horsthuis, C. P. van der Vorst, A. McDonach, M. Copeland, C. Duchet, P. Fabre, M. B. Diemeer, E. S. Trommel, F. M. Suyten, P. Van Dacle, E. Van Tomme, R. Baets, “Recent developments in optically nonlinear polymers and related electro-optic devices,” in Nonlinear Optical Properties of Organic Materials II, G. Khanarian, ed., Proc. SPIE1147, 245–255 (1989).
[CrossRef]

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Figures (3)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

Cross-section view of a typical test sample.

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

Optical configuration of the improved interferometric method.

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

Setup for corona poling of polymer films. The samples are mounted upon a heating stage, and the current through the polymer sample is determined by an ammeter.

Tables (1)

Tables Icon

Table 1 Refractive Index no, and Electro-Optic Coefficients γ 33 and γ 13 of Six Kinds of New Poled Polymer Film

Equations (7)

Equations on this page are rendered with MathJax. Learn more.

Δ1 = 2no+Δnol1+Δl1-nol12Δnol1+Δl1no,
Δno=-½no3γ13V1,
Δl1=d33V1,
Δ1 = -no3γ13 - 2no2 d33V1 = -no3γ13mV1,
γ13m=γ13-2no2 d33.
Δ2=2d11V2l2/d2,
γ13m=-2/no3V2/V1l2/d2d11.

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