Abstract

We report our experimental investigations of the influence of differential telescope-pointing errors on data corruption in an optical stellar interferometer. This effect was investigated theoretically as a function of the telescope antenna diagram, which depends on the aperture diameter. Using a laboratory breadboard consisting of a three-telescope array, we carried out the experiments with various aperture diameters and complex objects. The results matched the simulation and demonstrate that, when there is no error in pointing, a large aperture size induces correctible error but that, with a pointing error, data corruption becomes critical. In both cases, the larger the apertures, the more corrupt the data.

© 2002 Optical Society of America

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  1. A. H. Fizeau, “Prix bordin: rapport sur le concours de l’année 1867,” C. R. Acad. Sci. 66, 932–934 (1868).
  2. D. Mourard, I. Tallon-Bosc, A. Blazit, D. Bonneau, G. Merlin, F. Morand, F. Vakili, A. Labeyrie, “The GI2T interferometer on Plateaun de Calern,” Astron. Astrophys. 283, 705–713 (1994).
  3. W. A. Traub, N. P. Carleton, J. D. Bregman, M. K. Brewer, M. G. Lacasse, P. Maymounkov, R. Millan-Gabet, S. Morel, C. D. Papaliolios, M. R. Pearlman, I. L. Porro, F. P. Schlo, “Third telescope project at the IOTA interferometer,” in Interferometry in Optical Astronomy, P. J. Léna, A. Quirrenbach, eds., Proc. SPIE4006, 715–722 (2000).
    [CrossRef]
  4. J. E. Baldwin, M. G. Beckett, R. C. Boysen, D. Burns, D. F. Buscher, G. C. Cox, C. A. Haniff, C. D. Mackay, N. S. Nightingale, J. Rogers, P. A. G. Scheuer, T. R. Scott, P. G. Tuthill, P. J. Warner, D. M. A. Wilson, R. W. Wilson, “The first images from an optical aperture synthesis array: mapping of Capella with COAST at two epochs,” Astron. Astrophys. 306, 13–16 (1996).
  5. A. H. Greenaway, “Optical aperture synthesis,” Meas. Sci. Technol. 2, 1–12 (1991).
    [CrossRef]
  6. D. H. Rogstad, “A technique for measuring visibility phase with an optical interferometer in the presence of atmospheric seeing,” Appl. Opt. 7, 585–588 (1968).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
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  8. A. Labeyrie, “High-resolution techniques in optical astronomy,” in Progress in Optics, E. Wolf, ed. (North-Holland, Amsterdam, 1976), Vol. XIV, pp. 49–85.
  9. C. Froehly, “Coherence and interferometry through optical fibre,” in Proceedings of the European Sourthern Observatory (ESO) Conference, M. H. Ulrich, K. Kjär, eds. (European Southern Observatory, Garching, Germany, 1982), pp. 285–293.
  10. P. Connes, C. Froehly, P. Facq, “A fibre-linked version of project TRIO,” in Proceedings of the European Space Agency Colloquium Kilometric Optical Arrays in Space, N. Longdon, O. Melita, eds. (Cargèse, Corsica, 1984), pp. 49–61.
  11. V. Coudé du Foresto, G. Perrin, C. Ruilier, B. P. Mennesson, W. A. Traub, M. G. Lacasse, “FLUOR fibered instrument at IOTA interferometer,” in Astronomical Interferometry, R. Reasengerg, ed., Proc. SPIE3350, 856–863 (1998).
    [CrossRef]
  12. J.-P. Berger, P. Haguenauer, P. Kern, K. Rousselet-Perraut, F. Malbet, I. Schanen-Duport, M. Severi, R. Millan-Gabet, W. Traub, “Integrated optics for astronomical interferometry. IV. First measurements of stars,” Astron. Astrophys. 376, 31–34 (2001).
    [CrossRef]
  13. F. Reynaud, J. J. Alleman, P. Connes, “Interferometric control of fiber length for coherent telescope for coherent telescope array,” Appl. Opt. 34, 2284–2294 (1995).
  14. F. Reynaud, E. Delaire, “Linear optical path modulation with 1/200 accuracy using a fibre stretcher,” Electron. Lett. 29, 1718–1719 (1993).
    [CrossRef]
  15. F. Reynaud, H. Lagorceix, “Stabilization and control of a fiber array for the coherent transport of beams in a stellar interferometer,” in Proceedings of the Conference Astrofib ’96 on Integrated Optics for Astronomical Interferometry, P. Kern, F. Malbet, eds. (Bastianelli-Guirimaud, Grenoble, France, 1996), pp. 249–257.
  16. L. M. Simohamed, F. Reynaud, “A two meter stroke optical fibre delay line,” Pure Appl. Opt. 6, L37–L41 (1997).
    [CrossRef]
  17. L. M. Simohamed, F. Reynaud, “Characterization of the dispersion evolution in a large stroke optical fibre delay line,” Opt. Commun. 159, 118–128 (1999).
    [CrossRef]
  18. G. Huss, L. M. Simohamed, F. Reynaud, “An all guided two-beam stellar interferometer: preliminary experiment,” Opt. Commun. 182, 71–82 (2000).
    [CrossRef]
  19. G. Huss, F. Reynaud, L. Delage, “An all guided three-arm interferometer for stellar interferometry,” Opt. Commun. 196, 55–62 (2001).
    [CrossRef]
  20. L. Delage, F. Reynaud, A. Lannes, “Laboratory imaging stellar interferometer with fiber links,” Appl. Opt. 39, 6406–6420 (2000).
    [CrossRef]
  21. A. Lannes, “Weak-phase imaging in optical interferometry,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. 15, 811–824 (1998).
    [CrossRef]
  22. L. Delage, F. Reynaud, E. Thiébaut, “Imaging laboratory tests on a fiber linked telescope array,” Opt. Commun. 160, 27–32 (1999).
    [CrossRef]
  23. A. R. Thompson, J. M. Moran, G. W. Swenson, Interferometry and Synthesis in Radio Astronomy, 2th ed. (Wiley-Interscience, New York, 2001).
    [CrossRef]
  24. S. D. Dyer, D. A. Christensen, “Pupil-size effects in fiber-optic stellar interferometry,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. A 16, 2275–2279 (1999).
    [CrossRef]
  25. R. G. Lane, A. Glindemann, J. C. Dainty, “Simulation of a Kolmogorov phase screen,” Waves Random Media 2, 209–224 (1992).
    [CrossRef]

2001 (2)

G. Huss, F. Reynaud, L. Delage, “An all guided three-arm interferometer for stellar interferometry,” Opt. Commun. 196, 55–62 (2001).
[CrossRef]

J.-P. Berger, P. Haguenauer, P. Kern, K. Rousselet-Perraut, F. Malbet, I. Schanen-Duport, M. Severi, R. Millan-Gabet, W. Traub, “Integrated optics for astronomical interferometry. IV. First measurements of stars,” Astron. Astrophys. 376, 31–34 (2001).
[CrossRef]

2000 (2)

L. Delage, F. Reynaud, A. Lannes, “Laboratory imaging stellar interferometer with fiber links,” Appl. Opt. 39, 6406–6420 (2000).
[CrossRef]

G. Huss, L. M. Simohamed, F. Reynaud, “An all guided two-beam stellar interferometer: preliminary experiment,” Opt. Commun. 182, 71–82 (2000).
[CrossRef]

1999 (3)

L. M. Simohamed, F. Reynaud, “Characterization of the dispersion evolution in a large stroke optical fibre delay line,” Opt. Commun. 159, 118–128 (1999).
[CrossRef]

S. D. Dyer, D. A. Christensen, “Pupil-size effects in fiber-optic stellar interferometry,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. A 16, 2275–2279 (1999).
[CrossRef]

L. Delage, F. Reynaud, E. Thiébaut, “Imaging laboratory tests on a fiber linked telescope array,” Opt. Commun. 160, 27–32 (1999).
[CrossRef]

1998 (1)

A. Lannes, “Weak-phase imaging in optical interferometry,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. 15, 811–824 (1998).
[CrossRef]

1997 (1)

L. M. Simohamed, F. Reynaud, “A two meter stroke optical fibre delay line,” Pure Appl. Opt. 6, L37–L41 (1997).
[CrossRef]

1996 (1)

J. E. Baldwin, M. G. Beckett, R. C. Boysen, D. Burns, D. F. Buscher, G. C. Cox, C. A. Haniff, C. D. Mackay, N. S. Nightingale, J. Rogers, P. A. G. Scheuer, T. R. Scott, P. G. Tuthill, P. J. Warner, D. M. A. Wilson, R. W. Wilson, “The first images from an optical aperture synthesis array: mapping of Capella with COAST at two epochs,” Astron. Astrophys. 306, 13–16 (1996).

1995 (1)

1994 (1)

D. Mourard, I. Tallon-Bosc, A. Blazit, D. Bonneau, G. Merlin, F. Morand, F. Vakili, A. Labeyrie, “The GI2T interferometer on Plateaun de Calern,” Astron. Astrophys. 283, 705–713 (1994).

1993 (1)

F. Reynaud, E. Delaire, “Linear optical path modulation with 1/200 accuracy using a fibre stretcher,” Electron. Lett. 29, 1718–1719 (1993).
[CrossRef]

1992 (1)

R. G. Lane, A. Glindemann, J. C. Dainty, “Simulation of a Kolmogorov phase screen,” Waves Random Media 2, 209–224 (1992).
[CrossRef]

1991 (1)

A. H. Greenaway, “Optical aperture synthesis,” Meas. Sci. Technol. 2, 1–12 (1991).
[CrossRef]

1968 (1)

1868 (1)

A. H. Fizeau, “Prix bordin: rapport sur le concours de l’année 1867,” C. R. Acad. Sci. 66, 932–934 (1868).

Alleman, J. J.

Baldwin, J. E.

J. E. Baldwin, M. G. Beckett, R. C. Boysen, D. Burns, D. F. Buscher, G. C. Cox, C. A. Haniff, C. D. Mackay, N. S. Nightingale, J. Rogers, P. A. G. Scheuer, T. R. Scott, P. G. Tuthill, P. J. Warner, D. M. A. Wilson, R. W. Wilson, “The first images from an optical aperture synthesis array: mapping of Capella with COAST at two epochs,” Astron. Astrophys. 306, 13–16 (1996).

Beckett, M. G.

J. E. Baldwin, M. G. Beckett, R. C. Boysen, D. Burns, D. F. Buscher, G. C. Cox, C. A. Haniff, C. D. Mackay, N. S. Nightingale, J. Rogers, P. A. G. Scheuer, T. R. Scott, P. G. Tuthill, P. J. Warner, D. M. A. Wilson, R. W. Wilson, “The first images from an optical aperture synthesis array: mapping of Capella with COAST at two epochs,” Astron. Astrophys. 306, 13–16 (1996).

Berger, J.-P.

J.-P. Berger, P. Haguenauer, P. Kern, K. Rousselet-Perraut, F. Malbet, I. Schanen-Duport, M. Severi, R. Millan-Gabet, W. Traub, “Integrated optics for astronomical interferometry. IV. First measurements of stars,” Astron. Astrophys. 376, 31–34 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Blazit, A.

D. Mourard, I. Tallon-Bosc, A. Blazit, D. Bonneau, G. Merlin, F. Morand, F. Vakili, A. Labeyrie, “The GI2T interferometer on Plateaun de Calern,” Astron. Astrophys. 283, 705–713 (1994).

Bonneau, D.

D. Mourard, I. Tallon-Bosc, A. Blazit, D. Bonneau, G. Merlin, F. Morand, F. Vakili, A. Labeyrie, “The GI2T interferometer on Plateaun de Calern,” Astron. Astrophys. 283, 705–713 (1994).

Born, M.

M. Born, E. Wolf, Principles of Optics, 6th ed. (Pergamon, London, 1980).

Boysen, R. C.

J. E. Baldwin, M. G. Beckett, R. C. Boysen, D. Burns, D. F. Buscher, G. C. Cox, C. A. Haniff, C. D. Mackay, N. S. Nightingale, J. Rogers, P. A. G. Scheuer, T. R. Scott, P. G. Tuthill, P. J. Warner, D. M. A. Wilson, R. W. Wilson, “The first images from an optical aperture synthesis array: mapping of Capella with COAST at two epochs,” Astron. Astrophys. 306, 13–16 (1996).

Bregman, J. D.

W. A. Traub, N. P. Carleton, J. D. Bregman, M. K. Brewer, M. G. Lacasse, P. Maymounkov, R. Millan-Gabet, S. Morel, C. D. Papaliolios, M. R. Pearlman, I. L. Porro, F. P. Schlo, “Third telescope project at the IOTA interferometer,” in Interferometry in Optical Astronomy, P. J. Léna, A. Quirrenbach, eds., Proc. SPIE4006, 715–722 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Brewer, M. K.

W. A. Traub, N. P. Carleton, J. D. Bregman, M. K. Brewer, M. G. Lacasse, P. Maymounkov, R. Millan-Gabet, S. Morel, C. D. Papaliolios, M. R. Pearlman, I. L. Porro, F. P. Schlo, “Third telescope project at the IOTA interferometer,” in Interferometry in Optical Astronomy, P. J. Léna, A. Quirrenbach, eds., Proc. SPIE4006, 715–722 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Burns, D.

J. E. Baldwin, M. G. Beckett, R. C. Boysen, D. Burns, D. F. Buscher, G. C. Cox, C. A. Haniff, C. D. Mackay, N. S. Nightingale, J. Rogers, P. A. G. Scheuer, T. R. Scott, P. G. Tuthill, P. J. Warner, D. M. A. Wilson, R. W. Wilson, “The first images from an optical aperture synthesis array: mapping of Capella with COAST at two epochs,” Astron. Astrophys. 306, 13–16 (1996).

Buscher, D. F.

J. E. Baldwin, M. G. Beckett, R. C. Boysen, D. Burns, D. F. Buscher, G. C. Cox, C. A. Haniff, C. D. Mackay, N. S. Nightingale, J. Rogers, P. A. G. Scheuer, T. R. Scott, P. G. Tuthill, P. J. Warner, D. M. A. Wilson, R. W. Wilson, “The first images from an optical aperture synthesis array: mapping of Capella with COAST at two epochs,” Astron. Astrophys. 306, 13–16 (1996).

Carleton, N. P.

W. A. Traub, N. P. Carleton, J. D. Bregman, M. K. Brewer, M. G. Lacasse, P. Maymounkov, R. Millan-Gabet, S. Morel, C. D. Papaliolios, M. R. Pearlman, I. L. Porro, F. P. Schlo, “Third telescope project at the IOTA interferometer,” in Interferometry in Optical Astronomy, P. J. Léna, A. Quirrenbach, eds., Proc. SPIE4006, 715–722 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Christensen, D. A.

Connes, P.

F. Reynaud, J. J. Alleman, P. Connes, “Interferometric control of fiber length for coherent telescope for coherent telescope array,” Appl. Opt. 34, 2284–2294 (1995).

P. Connes, C. Froehly, P. Facq, “A fibre-linked version of project TRIO,” in Proceedings of the European Space Agency Colloquium Kilometric Optical Arrays in Space, N. Longdon, O. Melita, eds. (Cargèse, Corsica, 1984), pp. 49–61.

Coudé du Foresto, V.

V. Coudé du Foresto, G. Perrin, C. Ruilier, B. P. Mennesson, W. A. Traub, M. G. Lacasse, “FLUOR fibered instrument at IOTA interferometer,” in Astronomical Interferometry, R. Reasengerg, ed., Proc. SPIE3350, 856–863 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Cox, G. C.

J. E. Baldwin, M. G. Beckett, R. C. Boysen, D. Burns, D. F. Buscher, G. C. Cox, C. A. Haniff, C. D. Mackay, N. S. Nightingale, J. Rogers, P. A. G. Scheuer, T. R. Scott, P. G. Tuthill, P. J. Warner, D. M. A. Wilson, R. W. Wilson, “The first images from an optical aperture synthesis array: mapping of Capella with COAST at two epochs,” Astron. Astrophys. 306, 13–16 (1996).

Dainty, J. C.

R. G. Lane, A. Glindemann, J. C. Dainty, “Simulation of a Kolmogorov phase screen,” Waves Random Media 2, 209–224 (1992).
[CrossRef]

Delage, L.

G. Huss, F. Reynaud, L. Delage, “An all guided three-arm interferometer for stellar interferometry,” Opt. Commun. 196, 55–62 (2001).
[CrossRef]

L. Delage, F. Reynaud, A. Lannes, “Laboratory imaging stellar interferometer with fiber links,” Appl. Opt. 39, 6406–6420 (2000).
[CrossRef]

L. Delage, F. Reynaud, E. Thiébaut, “Imaging laboratory tests on a fiber linked telescope array,” Opt. Commun. 160, 27–32 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Delaire, E.

F. Reynaud, E. Delaire, “Linear optical path modulation with 1/200 accuracy using a fibre stretcher,” Electron. Lett. 29, 1718–1719 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Dyer, S. D.

Facq, P.

P. Connes, C. Froehly, P. Facq, “A fibre-linked version of project TRIO,” in Proceedings of the European Space Agency Colloquium Kilometric Optical Arrays in Space, N. Longdon, O. Melita, eds. (Cargèse, Corsica, 1984), pp. 49–61.

Fizeau, A. H.

A. H. Fizeau, “Prix bordin: rapport sur le concours de l’année 1867,” C. R. Acad. Sci. 66, 932–934 (1868).

Froehly, C.

C. Froehly, “Coherence and interferometry through optical fibre,” in Proceedings of the European Sourthern Observatory (ESO) Conference, M. H. Ulrich, K. Kjär, eds. (European Southern Observatory, Garching, Germany, 1982), pp. 285–293.

P. Connes, C. Froehly, P. Facq, “A fibre-linked version of project TRIO,” in Proceedings of the European Space Agency Colloquium Kilometric Optical Arrays in Space, N. Longdon, O. Melita, eds. (Cargèse, Corsica, 1984), pp. 49–61.

Glindemann, A.

R. G. Lane, A. Glindemann, J. C. Dainty, “Simulation of a Kolmogorov phase screen,” Waves Random Media 2, 209–224 (1992).
[CrossRef]

Greenaway, A. H.

A. H. Greenaway, “Optical aperture synthesis,” Meas. Sci. Technol. 2, 1–12 (1991).
[CrossRef]

Haguenauer, P.

J.-P. Berger, P. Haguenauer, P. Kern, K. Rousselet-Perraut, F. Malbet, I. Schanen-Duport, M. Severi, R. Millan-Gabet, W. Traub, “Integrated optics for astronomical interferometry. IV. First measurements of stars,” Astron. Astrophys. 376, 31–34 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Haniff, C. A.

J. E. Baldwin, M. G. Beckett, R. C. Boysen, D. Burns, D. F. Buscher, G. C. Cox, C. A. Haniff, C. D. Mackay, N. S. Nightingale, J. Rogers, P. A. G. Scheuer, T. R. Scott, P. G. Tuthill, P. J. Warner, D. M. A. Wilson, R. W. Wilson, “The first images from an optical aperture synthesis array: mapping of Capella with COAST at two epochs,” Astron. Astrophys. 306, 13–16 (1996).

Huss, G.

G. Huss, F. Reynaud, L. Delage, “An all guided three-arm interferometer for stellar interferometry,” Opt. Commun. 196, 55–62 (2001).
[CrossRef]

G. Huss, L. M. Simohamed, F. Reynaud, “An all guided two-beam stellar interferometer: preliminary experiment,” Opt. Commun. 182, 71–82 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Kern, P.

J.-P. Berger, P. Haguenauer, P. Kern, K. Rousselet-Perraut, F. Malbet, I. Schanen-Duport, M. Severi, R. Millan-Gabet, W. Traub, “Integrated optics for astronomical interferometry. IV. First measurements of stars,” Astron. Astrophys. 376, 31–34 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Labeyrie, A.

D. Mourard, I. Tallon-Bosc, A. Blazit, D. Bonneau, G. Merlin, F. Morand, F. Vakili, A. Labeyrie, “The GI2T interferometer on Plateaun de Calern,” Astron. Astrophys. 283, 705–713 (1994).

A. Labeyrie, “High-resolution techniques in optical astronomy,” in Progress in Optics, E. Wolf, ed. (North-Holland, Amsterdam, 1976), Vol. XIV, pp. 49–85.

Lacasse, M. G.

V. Coudé du Foresto, G. Perrin, C. Ruilier, B. P. Mennesson, W. A. Traub, M. G. Lacasse, “FLUOR fibered instrument at IOTA interferometer,” in Astronomical Interferometry, R. Reasengerg, ed., Proc. SPIE3350, 856–863 (1998).
[CrossRef]

W. A. Traub, N. P. Carleton, J. D. Bregman, M. K. Brewer, M. G. Lacasse, P. Maymounkov, R. Millan-Gabet, S. Morel, C. D. Papaliolios, M. R. Pearlman, I. L. Porro, F. P. Schlo, “Third telescope project at the IOTA interferometer,” in Interferometry in Optical Astronomy, P. J. Léna, A. Quirrenbach, eds., Proc. SPIE4006, 715–722 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Lagorceix, H.

F. Reynaud, H. Lagorceix, “Stabilization and control of a fiber array for the coherent transport of beams in a stellar interferometer,” in Proceedings of the Conference Astrofib ’96 on Integrated Optics for Astronomical Interferometry, P. Kern, F. Malbet, eds. (Bastianelli-Guirimaud, Grenoble, France, 1996), pp. 249–257.

Lane, R. G.

R. G. Lane, A. Glindemann, J. C. Dainty, “Simulation of a Kolmogorov phase screen,” Waves Random Media 2, 209–224 (1992).
[CrossRef]

Lannes, A.

L. Delage, F. Reynaud, A. Lannes, “Laboratory imaging stellar interferometer with fiber links,” Appl. Opt. 39, 6406–6420 (2000).
[CrossRef]

A. Lannes, “Weak-phase imaging in optical interferometry,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. 15, 811–824 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Mackay, C. D.

J. E. Baldwin, M. G. Beckett, R. C. Boysen, D. Burns, D. F. Buscher, G. C. Cox, C. A. Haniff, C. D. Mackay, N. S. Nightingale, J. Rogers, P. A. G. Scheuer, T. R. Scott, P. G. Tuthill, P. J. Warner, D. M. A. Wilson, R. W. Wilson, “The first images from an optical aperture synthesis array: mapping of Capella with COAST at two epochs,” Astron. Astrophys. 306, 13–16 (1996).

Malbet, F.

J.-P. Berger, P. Haguenauer, P. Kern, K. Rousselet-Perraut, F. Malbet, I. Schanen-Duport, M. Severi, R. Millan-Gabet, W. Traub, “Integrated optics for astronomical interferometry. IV. First measurements of stars,” Astron. Astrophys. 376, 31–34 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Maymounkov, P.

W. A. Traub, N. P. Carleton, J. D. Bregman, M. K. Brewer, M. G. Lacasse, P. Maymounkov, R. Millan-Gabet, S. Morel, C. D. Papaliolios, M. R. Pearlman, I. L. Porro, F. P. Schlo, “Third telescope project at the IOTA interferometer,” in Interferometry in Optical Astronomy, P. J. Léna, A. Quirrenbach, eds., Proc. SPIE4006, 715–722 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Mennesson, B. P.

V. Coudé du Foresto, G. Perrin, C. Ruilier, B. P. Mennesson, W. A. Traub, M. G. Lacasse, “FLUOR fibered instrument at IOTA interferometer,” in Astronomical Interferometry, R. Reasengerg, ed., Proc. SPIE3350, 856–863 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Merlin, G.

D. Mourard, I. Tallon-Bosc, A. Blazit, D. Bonneau, G. Merlin, F. Morand, F. Vakili, A. Labeyrie, “The GI2T interferometer on Plateaun de Calern,” Astron. Astrophys. 283, 705–713 (1994).

Millan-Gabet, R.

J.-P. Berger, P. Haguenauer, P. Kern, K. Rousselet-Perraut, F. Malbet, I. Schanen-Duport, M. Severi, R. Millan-Gabet, W. Traub, “Integrated optics for astronomical interferometry. IV. First measurements of stars,” Astron. Astrophys. 376, 31–34 (2001).
[CrossRef]

W. A. Traub, N. P. Carleton, J. D. Bregman, M. K. Brewer, M. G. Lacasse, P. Maymounkov, R. Millan-Gabet, S. Morel, C. D. Papaliolios, M. R. Pearlman, I. L. Porro, F. P. Schlo, “Third telescope project at the IOTA interferometer,” in Interferometry in Optical Astronomy, P. J. Léna, A. Quirrenbach, eds., Proc. SPIE4006, 715–722 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Moran, J. M.

A. R. Thompson, J. M. Moran, G. W. Swenson, Interferometry and Synthesis in Radio Astronomy, 2th ed. (Wiley-Interscience, New York, 2001).
[CrossRef]

Morand, F.

D. Mourard, I. Tallon-Bosc, A. Blazit, D. Bonneau, G. Merlin, F. Morand, F. Vakili, A. Labeyrie, “The GI2T interferometer on Plateaun de Calern,” Astron. Astrophys. 283, 705–713 (1994).

Morel, S.

W. A. Traub, N. P. Carleton, J. D. Bregman, M. K. Brewer, M. G. Lacasse, P. Maymounkov, R. Millan-Gabet, S. Morel, C. D. Papaliolios, M. R. Pearlman, I. L. Porro, F. P. Schlo, “Third telescope project at the IOTA interferometer,” in Interferometry in Optical Astronomy, P. J. Léna, A. Quirrenbach, eds., Proc. SPIE4006, 715–722 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Mourard, D.

D. Mourard, I. Tallon-Bosc, A. Blazit, D. Bonneau, G. Merlin, F. Morand, F. Vakili, A. Labeyrie, “The GI2T interferometer on Plateaun de Calern,” Astron. Astrophys. 283, 705–713 (1994).

Nightingale, N. S.

J. E. Baldwin, M. G. Beckett, R. C. Boysen, D. Burns, D. F. Buscher, G. C. Cox, C. A. Haniff, C. D. Mackay, N. S. Nightingale, J. Rogers, P. A. G. Scheuer, T. R. Scott, P. G. Tuthill, P. J. Warner, D. M. A. Wilson, R. W. Wilson, “The first images from an optical aperture synthesis array: mapping of Capella with COAST at two epochs,” Astron. Astrophys. 306, 13–16 (1996).

Papaliolios, C. D.

W. A. Traub, N. P. Carleton, J. D. Bregman, M. K. Brewer, M. G. Lacasse, P. Maymounkov, R. Millan-Gabet, S. Morel, C. D. Papaliolios, M. R. Pearlman, I. L. Porro, F. P. Schlo, “Third telescope project at the IOTA interferometer,” in Interferometry in Optical Astronomy, P. J. Léna, A. Quirrenbach, eds., Proc. SPIE4006, 715–722 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Pearlman, M. R.

W. A. Traub, N. P. Carleton, J. D. Bregman, M. K. Brewer, M. G. Lacasse, P. Maymounkov, R. Millan-Gabet, S. Morel, C. D. Papaliolios, M. R. Pearlman, I. L. Porro, F. P. Schlo, “Third telescope project at the IOTA interferometer,” in Interferometry in Optical Astronomy, P. J. Léna, A. Quirrenbach, eds., Proc. SPIE4006, 715–722 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Perrin, G.

V. Coudé du Foresto, G. Perrin, C. Ruilier, B. P. Mennesson, W. A. Traub, M. G. Lacasse, “FLUOR fibered instrument at IOTA interferometer,” in Astronomical Interferometry, R. Reasengerg, ed., Proc. SPIE3350, 856–863 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Porro, I. L.

W. A. Traub, N. P. Carleton, J. D. Bregman, M. K. Brewer, M. G. Lacasse, P. Maymounkov, R. Millan-Gabet, S. Morel, C. D. Papaliolios, M. R. Pearlman, I. L. Porro, F. P. Schlo, “Third telescope project at the IOTA interferometer,” in Interferometry in Optical Astronomy, P. J. Léna, A. Quirrenbach, eds., Proc. SPIE4006, 715–722 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Reynaud, F.

G. Huss, F. Reynaud, L. Delage, “An all guided three-arm interferometer for stellar interferometry,” Opt. Commun. 196, 55–62 (2001).
[CrossRef]

L. Delage, F. Reynaud, A. Lannes, “Laboratory imaging stellar interferometer with fiber links,” Appl. Opt. 39, 6406–6420 (2000).
[CrossRef]

G. Huss, L. M. Simohamed, F. Reynaud, “An all guided two-beam stellar interferometer: preliminary experiment,” Opt. Commun. 182, 71–82 (2000).
[CrossRef]

L. Delage, F. Reynaud, E. Thiébaut, “Imaging laboratory tests on a fiber linked telescope array,” Opt. Commun. 160, 27–32 (1999).
[CrossRef]

L. M. Simohamed, F. Reynaud, “Characterization of the dispersion evolution in a large stroke optical fibre delay line,” Opt. Commun. 159, 118–128 (1999).
[CrossRef]

L. M. Simohamed, F. Reynaud, “A two meter stroke optical fibre delay line,” Pure Appl. Opt. 6, L37–L41 (1997).
[CrossRef]

F. Reynaud, J. J. Alleman, P. Connes, “Interferometric control of fiber length for coherent telescope for coherent telescope array,” Appl. Opt. 34, 2284–2294 (1995).

F. Reynaud, E. Delaire, “Linear optical path modulation with 1/200 accuracy using a fibre stretcher,” Electron. Lett. 29, 1718–1719 (1993).
[CrossRef]

F. Reynaud, H. Lagorceix, “Stabilization and control of a fiber array for the coherent transport of beams in a stellar interferometer,” in Proceedings of the Conference Astrofib ’96 on Integrated Optics for Astronomical Interferometry, P. Kern, F. Malbet, eds. (Bastianelli-Guirimaud, Grenoble, France, 1996), pp. 249–257.

Rogers, J.

J. E. Baldwin, M. G. Beckett, R. C. Boysen, D. Burns, D. F. Buscher, G. C. Cox, C. A. Haniff, C. D. Mackay, N. S. Nightingale, J. Rogers, P. A. G. Scheuer, T. R. Scott, P. G. Tuthill, P. J. Warner, D. M. A. Wilson, R. W. Wilson, “The first images from an optical aperture synthesis array: mapping of Capella with COAST at two epochs,” Astron. Astrophys. 306, 13–16 (1996).

Rogstad, D. H.

Rousselet-Perraut, K.

J.-P. Berger, P. Haguenauer, P. Kern, K. Rousselet-Perraut, F. Malbet, I. Schanen-Duport, M. Severi, R. Millan-Gabet, W. Traub, “Integrated optics for astronomical interferometry. IV. First measurements of stars,” Astron. Astrophys. 376, 31–34 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Ruilier, C.

V. Coudé du Foresto, G. Perrin, C. Ruilier, B. P. Mennesson, W. A. Traub, M. G. Lacasse, “FLUOR fibered instrument at IOTA interferometer,” in Astronomical Interferometry, R. Reasengerg, ed., Proc. SPIE3350, 856–863 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Schanen-Duport, I.

J.-P. Berger, P. Haguenauer, P. Kern, K. Rousselet-Perraut, F. Malbet, I. Schanen-Duport, M. Severi, R. Millan-Gabet, W. Traub, “Integrated optics for astronomical interferometry. IV. First measurements of stars,” Astron. Astrophys. 376, 31–34 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Scheuer, P. A. G.

J. E. Baldwin, M. G. Beckett, R. C. Boysen, D. Burns, D. F. Buscher, G. C. Cox, C. A. Haniff, C. D. Mackay, N. S. Nightingale, J. Rogers, P. A. G. Scheuer, T. R. Scott, P. G. Tuthill, P. J. Warner, D. M. A. Wilson, R. W. Wilson, “The first images from an optical aperture synthesis array: mapping of Capella with COAST at two epochs,” Astron. Astrophys. 306, 13–16 (1996).

Schlo, F. P.

W. A. Traub, N. P. Carleton, J. D. Bregman, M. K. Brewer, M. G. Lacasse, P. Maymounkov, R. Millan-Gabet, S. Morel, C. D. Papaliolios, M. R. Pearlman, I. L. Porro, F. P. Schlo, “Third telescope project at the IOTA interferometer,” in Interferometry in Optical Astronomy, P. J. Léna, A. Quirrenbach, eds., Proc. SPIE4006, 715–722 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Scott, T. R.

J. E. Baldwin, M. G. Beckett, R. C. Boysen, D. Burns, D. F. Buscher, G. C. Cox, C. A. Haniff, C. D. Mackay, N. S. Nightingale, J. Rogers, P. A. G. Scheuer, T. R. Scott, P. G. Tuthill, P. J. Warner, D. M. A. Wilson, R. W. Wilson, “The first images from an optical aperture synthesis array: mapping of Capella with COAST at two epochs,” Astron. Astrophys. 306, 13–16 (1996).

Severi, M.

J.-P. Berger, P. Haguenauer, P. Kern, K. Rousselet-Perraut, F. Malbet, I. Schanen-Duport, M. Severi, R. Millan-Gabet, W. Traub, “Integrated optics for astronomical interferometry. IV. First measurements of stars,” Astron. Astrophys. 376, 31–34 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Simohamed, L. M.

G. Huss, L. M. Simohamed, F. Reynaud, “An all guided two-beam stellar interferometer: preliminary experiment,” Opt. Commun. 182, 71–82 (2000).
[CrossRef]

L. M. Simohamed, F. Reynaud, “Characterization of the dispersion evolution in a large stroke optical fibre delay line,” Opt. Commun. 159, 118–128 (1999).
[CrossRef]

L. M. Simohamed, F. Reynaud, “A two meter stroke optical fibre delay line,” Pure Appl. Opt. 6, L37–L41 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Swenson, G. W.

A. R. Thompson, J. M. Moran, G. W. Swenson, Interferometry and Synthesis in Radio Astronomy, 2th ed. (Wiley-Interscience, New York, 2001).
[CrossRef]

Tallon-Bosc, I.

D. Mourard, I. Tallon-Bosc, A. Blazit, D. Bonneau, G. Merlin, F. Morand, F. Vakili, A. Labeyrie, “The GI2T interferometer on Plateaun de Calern,” Astron. Astrophys. 283, 705–713 (1994).

Thiébaut, E.

L. Delage, F. Reynaud, E. Thiébaut, “Imaging laboratory tests on a fiber linked telescope array,” Opt. Commun. 160, 27–32 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Thompson, A. R.

A. R. Thompson, J. M. Moran, G. W. Swenson, Interferometry and Synthesis in Radio Astronomy, 2th ed. (Wiley-Interscience, New York, 2001).
[CrossRef]

Traub, W.

J.-P. Berger, P. Haguenauer, P. Kern, K. Rousselet-Perraut, F. Malbet, I. Schanen-Duport, M. Severi, R. Millan-Gabet, W. Traub, “Integrated optics for astronomical interferometry. IV. First measurements of stars,” Astron. Astrophys. 376, 31–34 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Traub, W. A.

V. Coudé du Foresto, G. Perrin, C. Ruilier, B. P. Mennesson, W. A. Traub, M. G. Lacasse, “FLUOR fibered instrument at IOTA interferometer,” in Astronomical Interferometry, R. Reasengerg, ed., Proc. SPIE3350, 856–863 (1998).
[CrossRef]

W. A. Traub, N. P. Carleton, J. D. Bregman, M. K. Brewer, M. G. Lacasse, P. Maymounkov, R. Millan-Gabet, S. Morel, C. D. Papaliolios, M. R. Pearlman, I. L. Porro, F. P. Schlo, “Third telescope project at the IOTA interferometer,” in Interferometry in Optical Astronomy, P. J. Léna, A. Quirrenbach, eds., Proc. SPIE4006, 715–722 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Tuthill, P. G.

J. E. Baldwin, M. G. Beckett, R. C. Boysen, D. Burns, D. F. Buscher, G. C. Cox, C. A. Haniff, C. D. Mackay, N. S. Nightingale, J. Rogers, P. A. G. Scheuer, T. R. Scott, P. G. Tuthill, P. J. Warner, D. M. A. Wilson, R. W. Wilson, “The first images from an optical aperture synthesis array: mapping of Capella with COAST at two epochs,” Astron. Astrophys. 306, 13–16 (1996).

Vakili, F.

D. Mourard, I. Tallon-Bosc, A. Blazit, D. Bonneau, G. Merlin, F. Morand, F. Vakili, A. Labeyrie, “The GI2T interferometer on Plateaun de Calern,” Astron. Astrophys. 283, 705–713 (1994).

Warner, P. J.

J. E. Baldwin, M. G. Beckett, R. C. Boysen, D. Burns, D. F. Buscher, G. C. Cox, C. A. Haniff, C. D. Mackay, N. S. Nightingale, J. Rogers, P. A. G. Scheuer, T. R. Scott, P. G. Tuthill, P. J. Warner, D. M. A. Wilson, R. W. Wilson, “The first images from an optical aperture synthesis array: mapping of Capella with COAST at two epochs,” Astron. Astrophys. 306, 13–16 (1996).

Wilson, D. M. A.

J. E. Baldwin, M. G. Beckett, R. C. Boysen, D. Burns, D. F. Buscher, G. C. Cox, C. A. Haniff, C. D. Mackay, N. S. Nightingale, J. Rogers, P. A. G. Scheuer, T. R. Scott, P. G. Tuthill, P. J. Warner, D. M. A. Wilson, R. W. Wilson, “The first images from an optical aperture synthesis array: mapping of Capella with COAST at two epochs,” Astron. Astrophys. 306, 13–16 (1996).

Wilson, R. W.

J. E. Baldwin, M. G. Beckett, R. C. Boysen, D. Burns, D. F. Buscher, G. C. Cox, C. A. Haniff, C. D. Mackay, N. S. Nightingale, J. Rogers, P. A. G. Scheuer, T. R. Scott, P. G. Tuthill, P. J. Warner, D. M. A. Wilson, R. W. Wilson, “The first images from an optical aperture synthesis array: mapping of Capella with COAST at two epochs,” Astron. Astrophys. 306, 13–16 (1996).

Wolf, E.

M. Born, E. Wolf, Principles of Optics, 6th ed. (Pergamon, London, 1980).

Appl. Opt. (3)

Astron. Astrophys. (3)

J. E. Baldwin, M. G. Beckett, R. C. Boysen, D. Burns, D. F. Buscher, G. C. Cox, C. A. Haniff, C. D. Mackay, N. S. Nightingale, J. Rogers, P. A. G. Scheuer, T. R. Scott, P. G. Tuthill, P. J. Warner, D. M. A. Wilson, R. W. Wilson, “The first images from an optical aperture synthesis array: mapping of Capella with COAST at two epochs,” Astron. Astrophys. 306, 13–16 (1996).

D. Mourard, I. Tallon-Bosc, A. Blazit, D. Bonneau, G. Merlin, F. Morand, F. Vakili, A. Labeyrie, “The GI2T interferometer on Plateaun de Calern,” Astron. Astrophys. 283, 705–713 (1994).

J.-P. Berger, P. Haguenauer, P. Kern, K. Rousselet-Perraut, F. Malbet, I. Schanen-Duport, M. Severi, R. Millan-Gabet, W. Traub, “Integrated optics for astronomical interferometry. IV. First measurements of stars,” Astron. Astrophys. 376, 31–34 (2001).
[CrossRef]

C. R. Acad. Sci. (1)

A. H. Fizeau, “Prix bordin: rapport sur le concours de l’année 1867,” C. R. Acad. Sci. 66, 932–934 (1868).

Electron. Lett. (1)

F. Reynaud, E. Delaire, “Linear optical path modulation with 1/200 accuracy using a fibre stretcher,” Electron. Lett. 29, 1718–1719 (1993).
[CrossRef]

J. Opt. Soc. Am. (1)

A. Lannes, “Weak-phase imaging in optical interferometry,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. 15, 811–824 (1998).
[CrossRef]

J. Opt. Soc. Am. A (1)

Meas. Sci. Technol. (1)

A. H. Greenaway, “Optical aperture synthesis,” Meas. Sci. Technol. 2, 1–12 (1991).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Commun. (4)

L. Delage, F. Reynaud, E. Thiébaut, “Imaging laboratory tests on a fiber linked telescope array,” Opt. Commun. 160, 27–32 (1999).
[CrossRef]

L. M. Simohamed, F. Reynaud, “Characterization of the dispersion evolution in a large stroke optical fibre delay line,” Opt. Commun. 159, 118–128 (1999).
[CrossRef]

G. Huss, L. M. Simohamed, F. Reynaud, “An all guided two-beam stellar interferometer: preliminary experiment,” Opt. Commun. 182, 71–82 (2000).
[CrossRef]

G. Huss, F. Reynaud, L. Delage, “An all guided three-arm interferometer for stellar interferometry,” Opt. Commun. 196, 55–62 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Pure Appl. Opt. (1)

L. M. Simohamed, F. Reynaud, “A two meter stroke optical fibre delay line,” Pure Appl. Opt. 6, L37–L41 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Waves Random Media (1)

R. G. Lane, A. Glindemann, J. C. Dainty, “Simulation of a Kolmogorov phase screen,” Waves Random Media 2, 209–224 (1992).
[CrossRef]

Other (8)

A. R. Thompson, J. M. Moran, G. W. Swenson, Interferometry and Synthesis in Radio Astronomy, 2th ed. (Wiley-Interscience, New York, 2001).
[CrossRef]

M. Born, E. Wolf, Principles of Optics, 6th ed. (Pergamon, London, 1980).

A. Labeyrie, “High-resolution techniques in optical astronomy,” in Progress in Optics, E. Wolf, ed. (North-Holland, Amsterdam, 1976), Vol. XIV, pp. 49–85.

C. Froehly, “Coherence and interferometry through optical fibre,” in Proceedings of the European Sourthern Observatory (ESO) Conference, M. H. Ulrich, K. Kjär, eds. (European Southern Observatory, Garching, Germany, 1982), pp. 285–293.

P. Connes, C. Froehly, P. Facq, “A fibre-linked version of project TRIO,” in Proceedings of the European Space Agency Colloquium Kilometric Optical Arrays in Space, N. Longdon, O. Melita, eds. (Cargèse, Corsica, 1984), pp. 49–61.

V. Coudé du Foresto, G. Perrin, C. Ruilier, B. P. Mennesson, W. A. Traub, M. G. Lacasse, “FLUOR fibered instrument at IOTA interferometer,” in Astronomical Interferometry, R. Reasengerg, ed., Proc. SPIE3350, 856–863 (1998).
[CrossRef]

F. Reynaud, H. Lagorceix, “Stabilization and control of a fiber array for the coherent transport of beams in a stellar interferometer,” in Proceedings of the Conference Astrofib ’96 on Integrated Optics for Astronomical Interferometry, P. Kern, F. Malbet, eds. (Bastianelli-Guirimaud, Grenoble, France, 1996), pp. 249–257.

W. A. Traub, N. P. Carleton, J. D. Bregman, M. K. Brewer, M. G. Lacasse, P. Maymounkov, R. Millan-Gabet, S. Morel, C. D. Papaliolios, M. R. Pearlman, I. L. Porro, F. P. Schlo, “Third telescope project at the IOTA interferometer,” in Interferometry in Optical Astronomy, P. J. Léna, A. Quirrenbach, eds., Proc. SPIE4006, 715–722 (2000).
[CrossRef]

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Figures (19)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

General schematic of the telescope array.

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

Schematic of a telescope.

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

Antenna diagram A(Ω) simulation for various apertures at 683 nm.

Fig. 4
Fig. 4

Images to be observed with 5- and 1.5-mm telescope diameters (corresponding to FWHM 270- and 510-µrad resolution).

Fig. 5
Fig. 5

Images to be observed with 5- and 1.5-mm telescope diameters (corresponding to FWHM 270- and 510-µrad resolution), with a telescope tilt of 50 µrad.

Fig. 6
Fig. 6

Experimental setup. PZTs, piezoelectric transducers.

Fig. 7
Fig. 7

Linear telescope array configuration.

Fig. 8
Fig. 8

Measurements and simulation of intensity antenna diagrams for 5- and 1.5-mm telescope aperture diameters.

Fig. 9
Fig. 9

Simulation of intensity antenna diagram width as a function of telescope diameter.

Fig. 10
Fig. 10

Simulation of interferometric data versus antenna pupil diameter.

Fig. 11
Fig. 11

Measurement and simulation of V ref1 variation as a function of telescope tilt (for linear array 1 and a 68-µrad-width binary object).

Fig. 12
Fig. 12

Measurement and simulation of V ref2 variation as a function of telescope tilt (for linear array 1 and a 68-µrad-width binary object).

Fig. 13
Fig. 13

Measurement and simulation of phase closure variation as a function of telescope tilt (for linear array 1 and a 68-µrad-width binary object).

Fig. 14
Fig. 14

Measurement and simulation of contrast V ref1 variation as a function of telescope tilt (for linear array 2 and a 68-µrad-width binary object).

Fig. 15
Fig. 15

Measurement and simulation of contrast V ref2 variation as a function of telescope tilt (for linear array 2 and a 68-µrad-width binary object).

Fig. 16
Fig. 16

Measurement and simulation of phase closure variation as a function of telescope tilt (for linear array 2 and a 68-µrad-width binary object).

Fig. 17
Fig. 17

Measurement and simulation of V ref1 variation as a function of telescope tilt (for linear array 2 and a 150-µrad-width binary object).

Fig. 18
Fig. 18

Measurement and simulation of V ref2 variation as a function of telescope tilt (for linear array 2 and a 150-µrad-width binary object).

Fig. 19
Fig. 19

Measurement and simulation of phase closure variation as a function of telescope tilt (for linear array 2 and a 150-µrad-width binary object).

Equations (6)

Equations on this page are rendered with MathJax. Learn more.

EOM; Ω=expj 2πλΩ · OM),
EkOkM; Ωk= POkMm˜ OkM×expj 2πλΩk · OkM,
CkΩ; Ωk= E* OM; ΩEkOkM; Ωkd2M, CkΩ; Ωk= POkMm˜OkM×expj2πλΩk · OkM×exp-j 2πλΩ · OMd2M, CkΩ; Ωk=exp-j 2πλΩ · OOk× POkMm˜OkM×expj 2πλΩk · OkM×exp-j 2πλΩ · OkMd2M, CkΩ; Ωk=exp-j 2πλΩ · OOk×TFPm˜Ω-Ωk, CkΩ; Ωk=exp-j 2πλΩ · OOkaΩ-Ωk.
dV12=OΩC1ΩC2*ΩdΩ=OΩaΩ-Ω1a*Ω-Ω2×exp-j 2πλΩ · O2O1)dΩ,
V12= aΩ-Ω1a*Ω-Ω2OΩ×exp-j2πλΩ · O1O2dΩ.
IΩ=OΩaΩ-Ω1a*Ω-Ω2.

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