Abstract

KTP has been found to be phase matchable for type-2 second-harmonic generation of the third harmonics of the CO2 laser wavelengths at 9.2714 and 9.5525 µm at 20.0 °C. The resulting angle and temperature-tuning data combined with the literature values of the Nd:YAG laser-pumped optical parametric oscillator were used to improve the Sellmeier equations and the thermo-optic dispersion formula that reproduce well the temperature-tuned 90° phase-matching conditions of the flux-grown crystals. Applications to quasi phase matching are presented.

© 2002 Optical Society of America

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  1. V. G. Dmitriev, G. G. Gurzadyan, D. N. Nikogosyan, Handbook of Nonlinear Optical Crystals (Springer-Verlag, Berlin, 1997), pp. 107–110.
  2. A. Arie, G. Rosenman, V. Mahal, A. Skliar, M. Oron, M. Katz, D. Eger, “Green and ultraviolet quasi-phase matched second harmonic generation in bulk periodically poled KTiOPO4,” Opt. Commun. 142, 265–268 (1997).
    [CrossRef]
  3. A. Englander, R. Lavi, M. Katz, M. Oron, D. Eger, E. Lebiush, “Highly efficient doubling of a high-repetition-rate diode-pumped laser with bulk periodically poled KTP,” Opt. Lett. 22, 1598–1599 (1997).
    [CrossRef]
  4. A. Arie, G. Rosenman, A. Korenfeld, A. Slikar, M. Oron, M. Katz, D. Eger, “Efficient resonant frequency doubling of a cw Nd:YAG laser in bulk periodically poled KTiOPO4,” Opt. Lett. 23, 28–30 (1998).
    [CrossRef]
  5. A. Garashi, A. Arie, A. Skliar, G. Rosenman, “Continuous-wave optical parametric oscillator based on periodically poled KTiOPO4,” Opt. Lett. 23, 1739–1741 (1998).
    [CrossRef]
  6. M. Gibson, G. A. Turnbull, M. Ebrahimzadeh, M. H. Dunn, H. Karlsson, G. Arvidsson, F. Laurell, “Temperature-tuned difference-frequency mixing in periodically poled KTiOPO4,” Appl. Phys. B 67, 675–677 (1998).
    [CrossRef]
  7. K. Fradkin, A. Arie, A. Skliar, G. Rosenman, “Tunable mid-infrared source by difference frequency generation in bulk periodically poled KTiOPO4,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 74, 914–916 (1999).
    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef]
  10. Z. Zeng, H. Shen, H. Xu, Y. Zhou, C. Huang, D. Shen, “Measurements of the refractive index and its thermal coefficients for KTP crystals,” J. Synth. Cryst. 16, 274–277 (1987).
  11. H. Y. Shen, Y. P. Zhou, W. X. Lin, Z. D. Zeng, R. R. Zeng, G. F. Yu, C. H. Huang, A. D. Jiang, S. Q. Jia, D. Z. Shen, “Second-harmonic generation and sum frequency mixing of dual wavelength Nd:YALO3 laser in flux grown KTiOPO4 crystal,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 28, 48–51 (1992).
    [CrossRef]
  12. W. P. Risk, R. N. Payne, W. Lenth, C. Harder, H. Meier, “Noncritically phase-matched frequency doubling using 994-nm dye and diode laser radiation in KTiOPO4,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 55, 1179–1181 (1989).
    [CrossRef]
  13. T. Y. Fan, C. E. Huang, B. Q. Hu, R. C. Eckardt, Y. X. Fan, R. L. Byer, R. S. Feigelson, “Second-harmonic generation and accurate index of refraction measurements in flux-grown KTiOPO4,” Appl. Opt. 26, 2390–2394 (1987).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  14. V. M. Garmash, G. A. Ermakov, N. I. Pavlova, A. V. Tarasov, “Efficient second-harmonic generation in potassium titanate phosphate crystal with noncritical matching,” Sov. Tech. Phys. Lett. 12, 505–507 (1986).
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    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef]
  19. R. A. Stolzenberger, C. C. Hsu, N. Peyghambarian, J. J. Reid, R. A. Morgan, “Type-II sum frequency generation in flux and hydrothermally grown KTP at 1.319 and 1.338 µm,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 1, 446–448 (1989).
    [CrossRef]
  20. R. F. Wu, P. B. Phua, K. S. Lai, Y. L. Lim, E. Lau, A. Chng, C. Bonnin, D. Lupinskii, “Compact 21-W 2-µm intracavity optical parametric oscillator,” Opt. Lett. 25, 1460–1462 (2000).
    [CrossRef]
  21. M. V. Alampiev, O. F. Butyagin, “Angular and temperature characteristics of an optical parametric oscillator based on a KTiOPO4 crystal,” Sov. J. Quantum Electron. 28, 334–336 (1998).
    [CrossRef]
  22. K. Kato, “Temperature insensitive SHG at 0.5321 µm in KTP,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 28, 1974–1976 (1992).
    [CrossRef]
  23. W. Wiechmann, S. Kubota, T. Fukui, H. Masuda, “Refractive-index temperature derivatives of potassium titanyl phosphate,” Opt. Lett. 18, 1208–1210 (1993).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  24. Z. Y. Ou, S. F. Pereira, E. S. Polzik, H. J. Kimble, “85% efficiency for cw frequency doubling from 1.08 to 0.54 µm,” Opt. Lett. 17, 640–642 (1992).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]

2000 (1)

1999 (1)

K. Fradkin, A. Arie, A. Skliar, G. Rosenman, “Tunable mid-infrared source by difference frequency generation in bulk periodically poled KTiOPO4,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 74, 914–916 (1999).
[CrossRef]

1998 (4)

A. Arie, G. Rosenman, A. Korenfeld, A. Slikar, M. Oron, M. Katz, D. Eger, “Efficient resonant frequency doubling of a cw Nd:YAG laser in bulk periodically poled KTiOPO4,” Opt. Lett. 23, 28–30 (1998).
[CrossRef]

A. Garashi, A. Arie, A. Skliar, G. Rosenman, “Continuous-wave optical parametric oscillator based on periodically poled KTiOPO4,” Opt. Lett. 23, 1739–1741 (1998).
[CrossRef]

M. Gibson, G. A. Turnbull, M. Ebrahimzadeh, M. H. Dunn, H. Karlsson, G. Arvidsson, F. Laurell, “Temperature-tuned difference-frequency mixing in periodically poled KTiOPO4,” Appl. Phys. B 67, 675–677 (1998).
[CrossRef]

M. V. Alampiev, O. F. Butyagin, “Angular and temperature characteristics of an optical parametric oscillator based on a KTiOPO4 crystal,” Sov. J. Quantum Electron. 28, 334–336 (1998).
[CrossRef]

1997 (2)

A. Arie, G. Rosenman, V. Mahal, A. Skliar, M. Oron, M. Katz, D. Eger, “Green and ultraviolet quasi-phase matched second harmonic generation in bulk periodically poled KTiOPO4,” Opt. Commun. 142, 265–268 (1997).
[CrossRef]

A. Englander, R. Lavi, M. Katz, M. Oron, D. Eger, E. Lebiush, “Highly efficient doubling of a high-repetition-rate diode-pumped laser with bulk periodically poled KTP,” Opt. Lett. 22, 1598–1599 (1997).
[CrossRef]

1994 (1)

1993 (1)

1992 (3)

Z. Y. Ou, S. F. Pereira, E. S. Polzik, H. J. Kimble, “85% efficiency for cw frequency doubling from 1.08 to 0.54 µm,” Opt. Lett. 17, 640–642 (1992).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

K. Kato, “Temperature insensitive SHG at 0.5321 µm in KTP,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 28, 1974–1976 (1992).
[CrossRef]

H. Y. Shen, Y. P. Zhou, W. X. Lin, Z. D. Zeng, R. R. Zeng, G. F. Yu, C. H. Huang, A. D. Jiang, S. Q. Jia, D. Z. Shen, “Second-harmonic generation and sum frequency mixing of dual wavelength Nd:YALO3 laser in flux grown KTiOPO4 crystal,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 28, 48–51 (1992).
[CrossRef]

1991 (1)

K. Kato, “Parametric oscillation at 3.2 µm in KTP pumped at 1.064 µm,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron 27, 1137–1140 (1991).
[CrossRef]

1989 (3)

W. P. Risk, R. N. Payne, W. Lenth, C. Harder, H. Meier, “Noncritically phase-matched frequency doubling using 994-nm dye and diode laser radiation in KTiOPO4,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 55, 1179–1181 (1989).
[CrossRef]

R. Burnham, R. A. Stolzenberger, A. Pinto, “Infrared optical parametric oscillator in potassium titanyl phosphate,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 1, 27–28 (1989).
[CrossRef]

R. A. Stolzenberger, C. C. Hsu, N. Peyghambarian, J. J. Reid, R. A. Morgan, “Type-II sum frequency generation in flux and hydrothermally grown KTP at 1.319 and 1.338 µm,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 1, 446–448 (1989).
[CrossRef]

1988 (2)

1987 (3)

Z. Zeng, H. Shen, H. Xu, Y. Zhou, C. Huang, D. Shen, “Measurements of the refractive index and its thermal coefficients for KTP crystals,” J. Synth. Cryst. 16, 274–277 (1987).

J. C. Baumert, F. M. Schellenberg, W. Lenth, W. P. Risk, C. C. Bjorklund, “Generation of blue cw coherent radiation by sum frequency mixing in KTiOPO4,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 51, 2192–2194 (1987).
[CrossRef]

T. Y. Fan, C. E. Huang, B. Q. Hu, R. C. Eckardt, Y. X. Fan, R. L. Byer, R. S. Feigelson, “Second-harmonic generation and accurate index of refraction measurements in flux-grown KTiOPO4,” Appl. Opt. 26, 2390–2394 (1987).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

1986 (1)

V. M. Garmash, G. A. Ermakov, N. I. Pavlova, A. V. Tarasov, “Efficient second-harmonic generation in potassium titanate phosphate crystal with noncritical matching,” Sov. Tech. Phys. Lett. 12, 505–507 (1986).

Abed, M.

Alampiev, M. V.

M. V. Alampiev, O. F. Butyagin, “Angular and temperature characteristics of an optical parametric oscillator based on a KTiOPO4 crystal,” Sov. J. Quantum Electron. 28, 334–336 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Anthon, D. W.

Arie, A.

K. Fradkin, A. Arie, A. Skliar, G. Rosenman, “Tunable mid-infrared source by difference frequency generation in bulk periodically poled KTiOPO4,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 74, 914–916 (1999).
[CrossRef]

A. Arie, G. Rosenman, A. Korenfeld, A. Slikar, M. Oron, M. Katz, D. Eger, “Efficient resonant frequency doubling of a cw Nd:YAG laser in bulk periodically poled KTiOPO4,” Opt. Lett. 23, 28–30 (1998).
[CrossRef]

A. Garashi, A. Arie, A. Skliar, G. Rosenman, “Continuous-wave optical parametric oscillator based on periodically poled KTiOPO4,” Opt. Lett. 23, 1739–1741 (1998).
[CrossRef]

A. Arie, G. Rosenman, V. Mahal, A. Skliar, M. Oron, M. Katz, D. Eger, “Green and ultraviolet quasi-phase matched second harmonic generation in bulk periodically poled KTiOPO4,” Opt. Commun. 142, 265–268 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Arvidsson, G.

M. Gibson, G. A. Turnbull, M. Ebrahimzadeh, M. H. Dunn, H. Karlsson, G. Arvidsson, F. Laurell, “Temperature-tuned difference-frequency mixing in periodically poled KTiOPO4,” Appl. Phys. B 67, 675–677 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Baumert, J. C.

J. C. Baumert, F. M. Schellenberg, W. Lenth, W. P. Risk, C. C. Bjorklund, “Generation of blue cw coherent radiation by sum frequency mixing in KTiOPO4,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 51, 2192–2194 (1987).
[CrossRef]

Bierlein, J. D.

Bjorklund, C. C.

J. C. Baumert, F. M. Schellenberg, W. Lenth, W. P. Risk, C. C. Bjorklund, “Generation of blue cw coherent radiation by sum frequency mixing in KTiOPO4,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 51, 2192–2194 (1987).
[CrossRef]

Bonnin, C.

Burnham, R.

R. Burnham, R. A. Stolzenberger, A. Pinto, “Infrared optical parametric oscillator in potassium titanyl phosphate,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 1, 27–28 (1989).
[CrossRef]

Butyagin, O. F.

M. V. Alampiev, O. F. Butyagin, “Angular and temperature characteristics of an optical parametric oscillator based on a KTiOPO4 crystal,” Sov. J. Quantum Electron. 28, 334–336 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Byer, R. L.

Chng, A.

Clarion, A.

Crowder, C. D.

Dmitriev, V. G.

V. G. Dmitriev, G. G. Gurzadyan, D. N. Nikogosyan, Handbook of Nonlinear Optical Crystals (Springer-Verlag, Berlin, 1997), pp. 107–110.

Dunn, M. H.

M. Gibson, G. A. Turnbull, M. Ebrahimzadeh, M. H. Dunn, H. Karlsson, G. Arvidsson, F. Laurell, “Temperature-tuned difference-frequency mixing in periodically poled KTiOPO4,” Appl. Phys. B 67, 675–677 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Ebrahimzadeh, M.

M. Gibson, G. A. Turnbull, M. Ebrahimzadeh, M. H. Dunn, H. Karlsson, G. Arvidsson, F. Laurell, “Temperature-tuned difference-frequency mixing in periodically poled KTiOPO4,” Appl. Phys. B 67, 675–677 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Eckardt, R. C.

Eger, D.

Englander, A.

Ermakov, G. A.

V. M. Garmash, G. A. Ermakov, N. I. Pavlova, A. V. Tarasov, “Efficient second-harmonic generation in potassium titanate phosphate crystal with noncritical matching,” Sov. Tech. Phys. Lett. 12, 505–507 (1986).

Fan, T. Y.

Fan, Y. X.

Feigelson, R. S.

Fradkin, K.

K. Fradkin, A. Arie, A. Skliar, G. Rosenman, “Tunable mid-infrared source by difference frequency generation in bulk periodically poled KTiOPO4,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 74, 914–916 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Fukui, T.

Garashi, A.

Garmash, V. M.

V. M. Garmash, G. A. Ermakov, N. I. Pavlova, A. V. Tarasov, “Efficient second-harmonic generation in potassium titanate phosphate crystal with noncritical matching,” Sov. Tech. Phys. Lett. 12, 505–507 (1986).

Gibson, M.

M. Gibson, G. A. Turnbull, M. Ebrahimzadeh, M. H. Dunn, H. Karlsson, G. Arvidsson, F. Laurell, “Temperature-tuned difference-frequency mixing in periodically poled KTiOPO4,” Appl. Phys. B 67, 675–677 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Gurzadyan, G. G.

V. G. Dmitriev, G. G. Gurzadyan, D. N. Nikogosyan, Handbook of Nonlinear Optical Crystals (Springer-Verlag, Berlin, 1997), pp. 107–110.

Harder, C.

W. P. Risk, R. N. Payne, W. Lenth, C. Harder, H. Meier, “Noncritically phase-matched frequency doubling using 994-nm dye and diode laser radiation in KTiOPO4,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 55, 1179–1181 (1989).
[CrossRef]

Hsu, C. C.

R. A. Stolzenberger, C. C. Hsu, N. Peyghambarian, J. J. Reid, R. A. Morgan, “Type-II sum frequency generation in flux and hydrothermally grown KTP at 1.319 and 1.338 µm,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 1, 446–448 (1989).
[CrossRef]

Hu, B. Q.

Huang, C.

Z. Zeng, H. Shen, H. Xu, Y. Zhou, C. Huang, D. Shen, “Measurements of the refractive index and its thermal coefficients for KTP crystals,” J. Synth. Cryst. 16, 274–277 (1987).

Huang, C. E.

Huang, C. H.

H. Y. Shen, Y. P. Zhou, W. X. Lin, Z. D. Zeng, R. R. Zeng, G. F. Yu, C. H. Huang, A. D. Jiang, S. Q. Jia, D. Z. Shen, “Second-harmonic generation and sum frequency mixing of dual wavelength Nd:YALO3 laser in flux grown KTiOPO4 crystal,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 28, 48–51 (1992).
[CrossRef]

Jia, S. Q.

H. Y. Shen, Y. P. Zhou, W. X. Lin, Z. D. Zeng, R. R. Zeng, G. F. Yu, C. H. Huang, A. D. Jiang, S. Q. Jia, D. Z. Shen, “Second-harmonic generation and sum frequency mixing of dual wavelength Nd:YALO3 laser in flux grown KTiOPO4 crystal,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 28, 48–51 (1992).
[CrossRef]

Jiang, A. D.

H. Y. Shen, Y. P. Zhou, W. X. Lin, Z. D. Zeng, R. R. Zeng, G. F. Yu, C. H. Huang, A. D. Jiang, S. Q. Jia, D. Z. Shen, “Second-harmonic generation and sum frequency mixing of dual wavelength Nd:YALO3 laser in flux grown KTiOPO4 crystal,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 28, 48–51 (1992).
[CrossRef]

Karlsson, H.

M. Gibson, G. A. Turnbull, M. Ebrahimzadeh, M. H. Dunn, H. Karlsson, G. Arvidsson, F. Laurell, “Temperature-tuned difference-frequency mixing in periodically poled KTiOPO4,” Appl. Phys. B 67, 675–677 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Kato, K.

K. Kato, “Temperature insensitive SHG at 0.5321 µm in KTP,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 28, 1974–1976 (1992).
[CrossRef]

K. Kato, “Parametric oscillation at 3.2 µm in KTP pumped at 1.064 µm,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron 27, 1137–1140 (1991).
[CrossRef]

Katz, M.

Kimble, H. J.

Korenfeld, A.

Kubota, S.

Lai, K. S.

Lau, E.

Laurell, F.

M. Gibson, G. A. Turnbull, M. Ebrahimzadeh, M. H. Dunn, H. Karlsson, G. Arvidsson, F. Laurell, “Temperature-tuned difference-frequency mixing in periodically poled KTiOPO4,” Appl. Phys. B 67, 675–677 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Lavi, R.

Lebiush, E.

Lenth, W.

W. P. Risk, R. N. Payne, W. Lenth, C. Harder, H. Meier, “Noncritically phase-matched frequency doubling using 994-nm dye and diode laser radiation in KTiOPO4,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 55, 1179–1181 (1989).
[CrossRef]

J. C. Baumert, F. M. Schellenberg, W. Lenth, W. P. Risk, C. C. Bjorklund, “Generation of blue cw coherent radiation by sum frequency mixing in KTiOPO4,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 51, 2192–2194 (1987).
[CrossRef]

Lim, Y. L.

Lin, W. X.

H. Y. Shen, Y. P. Zhou, W. X. Lin, Z. D. Zeng, R. R. Zeng, G. F. Yu, C. H. Huang, A. D. Jiang, S. Q. Jia, D. Z. Shen, “Second-harmonic generation and sum frequency mixing of dual wavelength Nd:YALO3 laser in flux grown KTiOPO4 crystal,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 28, 48–51 (1992).
[CrossRef]

Lupinskii, D.

Mahal, V.

A. Arie, G. Rosenman, V. Mahal, A. Skliar, M. Oron, M. Katz, D. Eger, “Green and ultraviolet quasi-phase matched second harmonic generation in bulk periodically poled KTiOPO4,” Opt. Commun. 142, 265–268 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Masuda, H.

Meier, H.

W. P. Risk, R. N. Payne, W. Lenth, C. Harder, H. Meier, “Noncritically phase-matched frequency doubling using 994-nm dye and diode laser radiation in KTiOPO4,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 55, 1179–1181 (1989).
[CrossRef]

Morgan, R. A.

R. A. Stolzenberger, C. C. Hsu, N. Peyghambarian, J. J. Reid, R. A. Morgan, “Type-II sum frequency generation in flux and hydrothermally grown KTP at 1.319 and 1.338 µm,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 1, 446–448 (1989).
[CrossRef]

Nikogosyan, D. N.

V. G. Dmitriev, G. G. Gurzadyan, D. N. Nikogosyan, Handbook of Nonlinear Optical Crystals (Springer-Verlag, Berlin, 1997), pp. 107–110.

Oron, M.

Ou, Z. Y.

Pavlova, N. I.

V. M. Garmash, G. A. Ermakov, N. I. Pavlova, A. V. Tarasov, “Efficient second-harmonic generation in potassium titanate phosphate crystal with noncritical matching,” Sov. Tech. Phys. Lett. 12, 505–507 (1986).

Payne, R. N.

W. P. Risk, R. N. Payne, W. Lenth, C. Harder, H. Meier, “Noncritically phase-matched frequency doubling using 994-nm dye and diode laser radiation in KTiOPO4,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 55, 1179–1181 (1989).
[CrossRef]

Pereira, S. F.

Peyghambarian, N.

R. A. Stolzenberger, C. C. Hsu, N. Peyghambarian, J. J. Reid, R. A. Morgan, “Type-II sum frequency generation in flux and hydrothermally grown KTP at 1.319 and 1.338 µm,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 1, 446–448 (1989).
[CrossRef]

Phua, P. B.

Pinto, A.

R. Burnham, R. A. Stolzenberger, A. Pinto, “Infrared optical parametric oscillator in potassium titanyl phosphate,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 1, 27–28 (1989).
[CrossRef]

Polzik, E. S.

Reid, J. J.

R. A. Stolzenberger, C. C. Hsu, N. Peyghambarian, J. J. Reid, R. A. Morgan, “Type-II sum frequency generation in flux and hydrothermally grown KTP at 1.319 and 1.338 µm,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 1, 446–448 (1989).
[CrossRef]

Risk, W. P.

W. P. Risk, R. N. Payne, W. Lenth, C. Harder, H. Meier, “Noncritically phase-matched frequency doubling using 994-nm dye and diode laser radiation in KTiOPO4,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 55, 1179–1181 (1989).
[CrossRef]

J. C. Baumert, F. M. Schellenberg, W. Lenth, W. P. Risk, C. C. Bjorklund, “Generation of blue cw coherent radiation by sum frequency mixing in KTiOPO4,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 51, 2192–2194 (1987).
[CrossRef]

Rosenman, G.

K. Fradkin, A. Arie, A. Skliar, G. Rosenman, “Tunable mid-infrared source by difference frequency generation in bulk periodically poled KTiOPO4,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 74, 914–916 (1999).
[CrossRef]

A. Garashi, A. Arie, A. Skliar, G. Rosenman, “Continuous-wave optical parametric oscillator based on periodically poled KTiOPO4,” Opt. Lett. 23, 1739–1741 (1998).
[CrossRef]

A. Arie, G. Rosenman, A. Korenfeld, A. Slikar, M. Oron, M. Katz, D. Eger, “Efficient resonant frequency doubling of a cw Nd:YAG laser in bulk periodically poled KTiOPO4,” Opt. Lett. 23, 28–30 (1998).
[CrossRef]

A. Arie, G. Rosenman, V. Mahal, A. Skliar, M. Oron, M. Katz, D. Eger, “Green and ultraviolet quasi-phase matched second harmonic generation in bulk periodically poled KTiOPO4,” Opt. Commun. 142, 265–268 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Schellenberg, F. M.

J. C. Baumert, F. M. Schellenberg, W. Lenth, W. P. Risk, C. C. Bjorklund, “Generation of blue cw coherent radiation by sum frequency mixing in KTiOPO4,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 51, 2192–2194 (1987).
[CrossRef]

Shen, D.

Z. Zeng, H. Shen, H. Xu, Y. Zhou, C. Huang, D. Shen, “Measurements of the refractive index and its thermal coefficients for KTP crystals,” J. Synth. Cryst. 16, 274–277 (1987).

Shen, D. Z.

H. Y. Shen, Y. P. Zhou, W. X. Lin, Z. D. Zeng, R. R. Zeng, G. F. Yu, C. H. Huang, A. D. Jiang, S. Q. Jia, D. Z. Shen, “Second-harmonic generation and sum frequency mixing of dual wavelength Nd:YALO3 laser in flux grown KTiOPO4 crystal,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 28, 48–51 (1992).
[CrossRef]

Shen, H.

Z. Zeng, H. Shen, H. Xu, Y. Zhou, C. Huang, D. Shen, “Measurements of the refractive index and its thermal coefficients for KTP crystals,” J. Synth. Cryst. 16, 274–277 (1987).

Shen, H. Y.

H. Y. Shen, Y. P. Zhou, W. X. Lin, Z. D. Zeng, R. R. Zeng, G. F. Yu, C. H. Huang, A. D. Jiang, S. Q. Jia, D. Z. Shen, “Second-harmonic generation and sum frequency mixing of dual wavelength Nd:YALO3 laser in flux grown KTiOPO4 crystal,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 28, 48–51 (1992).
[CrossRef]

Skliar, A.

K. Fradkin, A. Arie, A. Skliar, G. Rosenman, “Tunable mid-infrared source by difference frequency generation in bulk periodically poled KTiOPO4,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 74, 914–916 (1999).
[CrossRef]

A. Garashi, A. Arie, A. Skliar, G. Rosenman, “Continuous-wave optical parametric oscillator based on periodically poled KTiOPO4,” Opt. Lett. 23, 1739–1741 (1998).
[CrossRef]

A. Arie, G. Rosenman, V. Mahal, A. Skliar, M. Oron, M. Katz, D. Eger, “Green and ultraviolet quasi-phase matched second harmonic generation in bulk periodically poled KTiOPO4,” Opt. Commun. 142, 265–268 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Slikar, A.

Stolzenberger, R. A.

R. Burnham, R. A. Stolzenberger, A. Pinto, “Infrared optical parametric oscillator in potassium titanyl phosphate,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 1, 27–28 (1989).
[CrossRef]

R. A. Stolzenberger, C. C. Hsu, N. Peyghambarian, J. J. Reid, R. A. Morgan, “Type-II sum frequency generation in flux and hydrothermally grown KTP at 1.319 and 1.338 µm,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 1, 446–448 (1989).
[CrossRef]

Tarasov, A. V.

V. M. Garmash, G. A. Ermakov, N. I. Pavlova, A. V. Tarasov, “Efficient second-harmonic generation in potassium titanate phosphate crystal with noncritical matching,” Sov. Tech. Phys. Lett. 12, 505–507 (1986).

Turnbull, G. A.

M. Gibson, G. A. Turnbull, M. Ebrahimzadeh, M. H. Dunn, H. Karlsson, G. Arvidsson, F. Laurell, “Temperature-tuned difference-frequency mixing in periodically poled KTiOPO4,” Appl. Phys. B 67, 675–677 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Vanherzeele, H.

Wiechmann, W.

Wu, R. F.

Xu, H.

Z. Zeng, H. Shen, H. Xu, Y. Zhou, C. Huang, D. Shen, “Measurements of the refractive index and its thermal coefficients for KTP crystals,” J. Synth. Cryst. 16, 274–277 (1987).

Yu, G. F.

H. Y. Shen, Y. P. Zhou, W. X. Lin, Z. D. Zeng, R. R. Zeng, G. F. Yu, C. H. Huang, A. D. Jiang, S. Q. Jia, D. Z. Shen, “Second-harmonic generation and sum frequency mixing of dual wavelength Nd:YALO3 laser in flux grown KTiOPO4 crystal,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 28, 48–51 (1992).
[CrossRef]

Zeng, R. R.

H. Y. Shen, Y. P. Zhou, W. X. Lin, Z. D. Zeng, R. R. Zeng, G. F. Yu, C. H. Huang, A. D. Jiang, S. Q. Jia, D. Z. Shen, “Second-harmonic generation and sum frequency mixing of dual wavelength Nd:YALO3 laser in flux grown KTiOPO4 crystal,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 28, 48–51 (1992).
[CrossRef]

Zeng, Z.

Z. Zeng, H. Shen, H. Xu, Y. Zhou, C. Huang, D. Shen, “Measurements of the refractive index and its thermal coefficients for KTP crystals,” J. Synth. Cryst. 16, 274–277 (1987).

Zeng, Z. D.

H. Y. Shen, Y. P. Zhou, W. X. Lin, Z. D. Zeng, R. R. Zeng, G. F. Yu, C. H. Huang, A. D. Jiang, S. Q. Jia, D. Z. Shen, “Second-harmonic generation and sum frequency mixing of dual wavelength Nd:YALO3 laser in flux grown KTiOPO4 crystal,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 28, 48–51 (1992).
[CrossRef]

Zhou, Y.

Z. Zeng, H. Shen, H. Xu, Y. Zhou, C. Huang, D. Shen, “Measurements of the refractive index and its thermal coefficients for KTP crystals,” J. Synth. Cryst. 16, 274–277 (1987).

Zhou, Y. P.

H. Y. Shen, Y. P. Zhou, W. X. Lin, Z. D. Zeng, R. R. Zeng, G. F. Yu, C. H. Huang, A. D. Jiang, S. Q. Jia, D. Z. Shen, “Second-harmonic generation and sum frequency mixing of dual wavelength Nd:YALO3 laser in flux grown KTiOPO4 crystal,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 28, 48–51 (1992).
[CrossRef]

Zondy, J. J.

Zumsteg, F. C.

Appl. Opt. (3)

Appl. Phys. B (1)

M. Gibson, G. A. Turnbull, M. Ebrahimzadeh, M. H. Dunn, H. Karlsson, G. Arvidsson, F. Laurell, “Temperature-tuned difference-frequency mixing in periodically poled KTiOPO4,” Appl. Phys. B 67, 675–677 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Appl. Phys. Lett. (3)

K. Fradkin, A. Arie, A. Skliar, G. Rosenman, “Tunable mid-infrared source by difference frequency generation in bulk periodically poled KTiOPO4,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 74, 914–916 (1999).
[CrossRef]

J. C. Baumert, F. M. Schellenberg, W. Lenth, W. P. Risk, C. C. Bjorklund, “Generation of blue cw coherent radiation by sum frequency mixing in KTiOPO4,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 51, 2192–2194 (1987).
[CrossRef]

W. P. Risk, R. N. Payne, W. Lenth, C. Harder, H. Meier, “Noncritically phase-matched frequency doubling using 994-nm dye and diode laser radiation in KTiOPO4,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 55, 1179–1181 (1989).
[CrossRef]

IEEE J. Quantum Electron (1)

K. Kato, “Parametric oscillation at 3.2 µm in KTP pumped at 1.064 µm,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron 27, 1137–1140 (1991).
[CrossRef]

IEEE J. Quantum Electron. (2)

H. Y. Shen, Y. P. Zhou, W. X. Lin, Z. D. Zeng, R. R. Zeng, G. F. Yu, C. H. Huang, A. D. Jiang, S. Q. Jia, D. Z. Shen, “Second-harmonic generation and sum frequency mixing of dual wavelength Nd:YALO3 laser in flux grown KTiOPO4 crystal,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 28, 48–51 (1992).
[CrossRef]

K. Kato, “Temperature insensitive SHG at 0.5321 µm in KTP,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 28, 1974–1976 (1992).
[CrossRef]

IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. (2)

R. Burnham, R. A. Stolzenberger, A. Pinto, “Infrared optical parametric oscillator in potassium titanyl phosphate,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 1, 27–28 (1989).
[CrossRef]

R. A. Stolzenberger, C. C. Hsu, N. Peyghambarian, J. J. Reid, R. A. Morgan, “Type-II sum frequency generation in flux and hydrothermally grown KTP at 1.319 and 1.338 µm,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 1, 446–448 (1989).
[CrossRef]

J. Opt. Soc. Am. B (1)

J. Synth. Cryst. (1)

Z. Zeng, H. Shen, H. Xu, Y. Zhou, C. Huang, D. Shen, “Measurements of the refractive index and its thermal coefficients for KTP crystals,” J. Synth. Cryst. 16, 274–277 (1987).

Opt. Commun. (1)

A. Arie, G. Rosenman, V. Mahal, A. Skliar, M. Oron, M. Katz, D. Eger, “Green and ultraviolet quasi-phase matched second harmonic generation in bulk periodically poled KTiOPO4,” Opt. Commun. 142, 265–268 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Lett. (6)

Sov. J. Quantum Electron. (1)

M. V. Alampiev, O. F. Butyagin, “Angular and temperature characteristics of an optical parametric oscillator based on a KTiOPO4 crystal,” Sov. J. Quantum Electron. 28, 334–336 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Sov. Tech. Phys. Lett. (1)

V. M. Garmash, G. A. Ermakov, N. I. Pavlova, A. V. Tarasov, “Efficient second-harmonic generation in potassium titanate phosphate crystal with noncritical matching,” Sov. Tech. Phys. Lett. 12, 505–507 (1986).

Other (1)

V. G. Dmitriev, G. G. Gurzadyan, D. N. Nikogosyan, Handbook of Nonlinear Optical Crystals (Springer-Verlag, Berlin, 1997), pp. 107–110.

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Figures (4)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

Phase-matching curves for type-2 SHG in the xz (ϕ = 0°) and yz (ϕ = 90°) planes of KTP at 20.0 °C: dashed lines (V) and (K), theoretical curves calculated with the Sellmeier equations of Vanherzeel et al.8 and Kato.9 The real lines are computed with our Sellmeier equations presented in the text: open circles, experimental points.

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

Phase-matching temperatures versus the grating period of PPKTP for the SHG of the Nd:YAG laser at 1.0644 µm: dashed lines (F) and (K), theoretical curves calculated with our thermo-optic dispersion formula and the Sellmeier equations of Fradkin et al.7 and ours; open and closed circles, triangle, experimental points quoted from Refs. 2-5.

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

Phase-matching temperatures of PPKTP for the DFG between the Ti:Al2O3 laser and the second harmonic of the Nd:YLF laser: dashed lines (F) and (K), theoretical curves calculated with our thermo-optic dispersion formula and the Sellmeier equations of Fradkin et al.7 and ours; open circles, experimental points quoted from Ref. 6.

Fig. 4
Fig. 4

Phase-matching curves for the DFG between Nd:YAG and diode lasers in PPKTP: dashed lines (F) and (K), theoretical curves calculated with the Sellmeier equations of Fradkin et al.7 and ours; open circles, experimental points from Fradkin et al.7

Tables (2)

Tables Icon

Table 1 Phase-Matching Conditions for Second-Harmonic and Sum-Frequency Generation and Parametric Oscillation in KTP

Tables Icon

Table 2 90° Phase-Matching Temperatures and Temperature Phase-Matching Bandwidths for Second-Harmonic and Sum-Frequency Generation and Parametric Oscillation in KTP

Equations (2)

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nx2=3.29100+0.04140λ2-0.03978+9.35522λ2-31.45571, ny2=3.45018+0.04341λ2-0.04597+16.98825λ2-39.43799, nz2=4.59423+0.06206λ2-0.04763+110.80672λ2-86.12171,
dnxdT=0.1717λ3-0.5353λ2+0.8416λ+0.1627×10-5°C-10.43λ1.58, dnydT=0.1997λ3-0.4063λ2+0.5154λ+0.5425×10-50.43λ1.58, dnzdT=0.9221λ3-2.9220λ2+3.6677λ-0.1897×10-50.53λ1.57=-0.5523λ+3.3920-1.7101λ+0.3424λ2×10-51.32λ3.53,

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