Abstract

We experimentally demonstrate the simultaneous injection locking of pairs of high-power broad-area laser diodes in a 19-laser array driven by a common current source. Each pair is injection locked by use of a single-mode low-power semiconductor laser. The frequency and phase locking are verified by the optical spectrum and the interference pattern between the injection-locked lasers. The influence of frequency detuning on the (simultaneous) injection behavior has been experimentally clarified. We validate a necessary condition for the injection locking of a broad-area laser array.

© 2002 Optical Society of America

Full Article  |  PDF Article

References

  • View by:
  • |
  • |
  • |

  1. D. Botez, D. R. Scifres, Diode Laser Arrays (Cambridge U. Press, New York, 1994).
    [CrossRef]
  2. N. W. Carlson, Monolithic Diode-Laser Arrays (Springer-Verlag, Berlin, 1994).
    [CrossRef]
  3. L. Goldberg, H. F. Taylor, J. F. Weller, “Injection locking of coupled-stripe diode laser arrays,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 46, 236–238 (1985).
    [CrossRef]
  4. M. K. Chun, L. Goldberg, J. F. Weller, “Injection-beam parameter optimization of an injection-locked diode-laser array,” Opt. Lett. 14, 272–274 (1989).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  5. H. Tsuchida, “Tunable, narrow-linewidth output from an injection-locked high-power AlGaAs laser diode array,” Opt. Lett. 19, 1741–1743 (1994).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  6. S. MacCormack, J. Feinberg, M. H. Garrett, “Injection locking a laser-diode array with a phase-conjugate beam,” Opt. Lett. 19, 120–122 (1994).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  7. G. L. Abbas, S. Yang, V. W. S. Chan, J. G. Fujimoto, “Injection behavior of high-power broad-area diode lasers,” Opt. Lett. 12, 605–607 (1987).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  8. H. Horiuchi, T. Shimura, T. Omatsu, O. Matoba, K. Kuroda, “Narrow bandwidth operation of high-power broad-area diode laser using cascaded phase-conjugate injection locking,” Appl. Phys. B 68, 1021–1025 (1999).
    [CrossRef]
  9. T. Pawletko, M. Houssin, M. Knoop, M. Vedel, F. Vedel, “High power broad-area diode laser at 794 nm injected by an external cavity laser,” Opt. Commun. 174, 223–229 (2000).
    [CrossRef]
  10. L. Bartelt-Berger, U. Brauch, A. Giesen, H. Huegel, H. Opower, “Power-scalable system of phase-locked single-mode diode lasers,” Appl. Opt. 38, 5752–5760 (1999).
    [CrossRef]
  11. V. V. Apollonov, S. I. Derzhavin, V. V. Kuzminov, D. A. Mashkovskii, A. M. Prokhorov, V. N. Timoshkin, V. A. Filonenko, “Phase-locking of a linear array of high-power laser diodes,” Quantum Electron. 29, 839–841 (1999).
    [CrossRef]
  12. V. Daneu, A. Sanchez, T. Y. Fan, H. K. Choi, G. W. Turner, C. C. Cook, “Spectral beam combining of a broad-stripe diode laser array in an external cavity,” Opt. Lett. 25, 405–407 (2000).
    [CrossRef]
  13. B. Chann, I. Nelson, T. G. Walker, “Frequency-narrowed external-cavity diode-laser-array bar,” Opt. Lett. 25, 1352–1354 (2000).
    [CrossRef]
  14. M. Silber, L. Fabiny, K. Wiesenfeld, “Stability results for in-phase and splay-phase states of solid-state laser arrays,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 10, 1121–1129 (1993).
    [CrossRef]
  15. Y. Braiman, T. A. B. Kennedy, K. Wiesenfeld, A. Khibnik, “Entrainment of solid-state laser arrays,” Phys. Rev. A 52, 1500–1506 (1995).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  16. P. K. Jacobsen, R. A. Indik, J. V. Moloney, A. C. Newell, H. G. Winful, L. Raman, “Diode-laser array modes—discrete and continuous models and their stability,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 8, 1674–1680 (1991).
    [CrossRef]
  17. J. M. Liu, T. B. Simpson, “Four-wave mixing and optical modulation in a semiconductor laser,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 30, 957–965 (1994).
    [CrossRef]
  18. D. J. Gallant, “Power dependence of the injection lock band of angled-grating distributed feedback lasers,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 76, 3364–3366 (2000).
    [CrossRef]

2000 (4)

T. Pawletko, M. Houssin, M. Knoop, M. Vedel, F. Vedel, “High power broad-area diode laser at 794 nm injected by an external cavity laser,” Opt. Commun. 174, 223–229 (2000).
[CrossRef]

D. J. Gallant, “Power dependence of the injection lock band of angled-grating distributed feedback lasers,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 76, 3364–3366 (2000).
[CrossRef]

V. Daneu, A. Sanchez, T. Y. Fan, H. K. Choi, G. W. Turner, C. C. Cook, “Spectral beam combining of a broad-stripe diode laser array in an external cavity,” Opt. Lett. 25, 405–407 (2000).
[CrossRef]

B. Chann, I. Nelson, T. G. Walker, “Frequency-narrowed external-cavity diode-laser-array bar,” Opt. Lett. 25, 1352–1354 (2000).
[CrossRef]

1999 (3)

L. Bartelt-Berger, U. Brauch, A. Giesen, H. Huegel, H. Opower, “Power-scalable system of phase-locked single-mode diode lasers,” Appl. Opt. 38, 5752–5760 (1999).
[CrossRef]

H. Horiuchi, T. Shimura, T. Omatsu, O. Matoba, K. Kuroda, “Narrow bandwidth operation of high-power broad-area diode laser using cascaded phase-conjugate injection locking,” Appl. Phys. B 68, 1021–1025 (1999).
[CrossRef]

V. V. Apollonov, S. I. Derzhavin, V. V. Kuzminov, D. A. Mashkovskii, A. M. Prokhorov, V. N. Timoshkin, V. A. Filonenko, “Phase-locking of a linear array of high-power laser diodes,” Quantum Electron. 29, 839–841 (1999).
[CrossRef]

1995 (1)

Y. Braiman, T. A. B. Kennedy, K. Wiesenfeld, A. Khibnik, “Entrainment of solid-state laser arrays,” Phys. Rev. A 52, 1500–1506 (1995).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

1994 (3)

1993 (1)

1991 (1)

1989 (1)

1987 (1)

1985 (1)

L. Goldberg, H. F. Taylor, J. F. Weller, “Injection locking of coupled-stripe diode laser arrays,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 46, 236–238 (1985).
[CrossRef]

Abbas, G. L.

Apollonov, V. V.

V. V. Apollonov, S. I. Derzhavin, V. V. Kuzminov, D. A. Mashkovskii, A. M. Prokhorov, V. N. Timoshkin, V. A. Filonenko, “Phase-locking of a linear array of high-power laser diodes,” Quantum Electron. 29, 839–841 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Bartelt-Berger, L.

Botez, D.

D. Botez, D. R. Scifres, Diode Laser Arrays (Cambridge U. Press, New York, 1994).
[CrossRef]

Braiman, Y.

Y. Braiman, T. A. B. Kennedy, K. Wiesenfeld, A. Khibnik, “Entrainment of solid-state laser arrays,” Phys. Rev. A 52, 1500–1506 (1995).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Brauch, U.

Carlson, N. W.

N. W. Carlson, Monolithic Diode-Laser Arrays (Springer-Verlag, Berlin, 1994).
[CrossRef]

Chan, V. W. S.

Chann, B.

Choi, H. K.

Chun, M. K.

Cook, C. C.

Daneu, V.

Derzhavin, S. I.

V. V. Apollonov, S. I. Derzhavin, V. V. Kuzminov, D. A. Mashkovskii, A. M. Prokhorov, V. N. Timoshkin, V. A. Filonenko, “Phase-locking of a linear array of high-power laser diodes,” Quantum Electron. 29, 839–841 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Fabiny, L.

Fan, T. Y.

Feinberg, J.

Filonenko, V. A.

V. V. Apollonov, S. I. Derzhavin, V. V. Kuzminov, D. A. Mashkovskii, A. M. Prokhorov, V. N. Timoshkin, V. A. Filonenko, “Phase-locking of a linear array of high-power laser diodes,” Quantum Electron. 29, 839–841 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Fujimoto, J. G.

Gallant, D. J.

D. J. Gallant, “Power dependence of the injection lock band of angled-grating distributed feedback lasers,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 76, 3364–3366 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Garrett, M. H.

Giesen, A.

Goldberg, L.

M. K. Chun, L. Goldberg, J. F. Weller, “Injection-beam parameter optimization of an injection-locked diode-laser array,” Opt. Lett. 14, 272–274 (1989).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

L. Goldberg, H. F. Taylor, J. F. Weller, “Injection locking of coupled-stripe diode laser arrays,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 46, 236–238 (1985).
[CrossRef]

Horiuchi, H.

H. Horiuchi, T. Shimura, T. Omatsu, O. Matoba, K. Kuroda, “Narrow bandwidth operation of high-power broad-area diode laser using cascaded phase-conjugate injection locking,” Appl. Phys. B 68, 1021–1025 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Houssin, M.

T. Pawletko, M. Houssin, M. Knoop, M. Vedel, F. Vedel, “High power broad-area diode laser at 794 nm injected by an external cavity laser,” Opt. Commun. 174, 223–229 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Huegel, H.

Indik, R. A.

Jacobsen, P. K.

Kennedy, T. A. B.

Y. Braiman, T. A. B. Kennedy, K. Wiesenfeld, A. Khibnik, “Entrainment of solid-state laser arrays,” Phys. Rev. A 52, 1500–1506 (1995).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Khibnik, A.

Y. Braiman, T. A. B. Kennedy, K. Wiesenfeld, A. Khibnik, “Entrainment of solid-state laser arrays,” Phys. Rev. A 52, 1500–1506 (1995).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Knoop, M.

T. Pawletko, M. Houssin, M. Knoop, M. Vedel, F. Vedel, “High power broad-area diode laser at 794 nm injected by an external cavity laser,” Opt. Commun. 174, 223–229 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Kuroda, K.

H. Horiuchi, T. Shimura, T. Omatsu, O. Matoba, K. Kuroda, “Narrow bandwidth operation of high-power broad-area diode laser using cascaded phase-conjugate injection locking,” Appl. Phys. B 68, 1021–1025 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Kuzminov, V. V.

V. V. Apollonov, S. I. Derzhavin, V. V. Kuzminov, D. A. Mashkovskii, A. M. Prokhorov, V. N. Timoshkin, V. A. Filonenko, “Phase-locking of a linear array of high-power laser diodes,” Quantum Electron. 29, 839–841 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Liu, J. M.

J. M. Liu, T. B. Simpson, “Four-wave mixing and optical modulation in a semiconductor laser,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 30, 957–965 (1994).
[CrossRef]

MacCormack, S.

Mashkovskii, D. A.

V. V. Apollonov, S. I. Derzhavin, V. V. Kuzminov, D. A. Mashkovskii, A. M. Prokhorov, V. N. Timoshkin, V. A. Filonenko, “Phase-locking of a linear array of high-power laser diodes,” Quantum Electron. 29, 839–841 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Matoba, O.

H. Horiuchi, T. Shimura, T. Omatsu, O. Matoba, K. Kuroda, “Narrow bandwidth operation of high-power broad-area diode laser using cascaded phase-conjugate injection locking,” Appl. Phys. B 68, 1021–1025 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Moloney, J. V.

Nelson, I.

Newell, A. C.

Omatsu, T.

H. Horiuchi, T. Shimura, T. Omatsu, O. Matoba, K. Kuroda, “Narrow bandwidth operation of high-power broad-area diode laser using cascaded phase-conjugate injection locking,” Appl. Phys. B 68, 1021–1025 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Opower, H.

Pawletko, T.

T. Pawletko, M. Houssin, M. Knoop, M. Vedel, F. Vedel, “High power broad-area diode laser at 794 nm injected by an external cavity laser,” Opt. Commun. 174, 223–229 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Prokhorov, A. M.

V. V. Apollonov, S. I. Derzhavin, V. V. Kuzminov, D. A. Mashkovskii, A. M. Prokhorov, V. N. Timoshkin, V. A. Filonenko, “Phase-locking of a linear array of high-power laser diodes,” Quantum Electron. 29, 839–841 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Raman, L.

Sanchez, A.

Scifres, D. R.

D. Botez, D. R. Scifres, Diode Laser Arrays (Cambridge U. Press, New York, 1994).
[CrossRef]

Shimura, T.

H. Horiuchi, T. Shimura, T. Omatsu, O. Matoba, K. Kuroda, “Narrow bandwidth operation of high-power broad-area diode laser using cascaded phase-conjugate injection locking,” Appl. Phys. B 68, 1021–1025 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Silber, M.

Simpson, T. B.

J. M. Liu, T. B. Simpson, “Four-wave mixing and optical modulation in a semiconductor laser,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 30, 957–965 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Taylor, H. F.

L. Goldberg, H. F. Taylor, J. F. Weller, “Injection locking of coupled-stripe diode laser arrays,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 46, 236–238 (1985).
[CrossRef]

Timoshkin, V. N.

V. V. Apollonov, S. I. Derzhavin, V. V. Kuzminov, D. A. Mashkovskii, A. M. Prokhorov, V. N. Timoshkin, V. A. Filonenko, “Phase-locking of a linear array of high-power laser diodes,” Quantum Electron. 29, 839–841 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Tsuchida, H.

Turner, G. W.

Vedel, F.

T. Pawletko, M. Houssin, M. Knoop, M. Vedel, F. Vedel, “High power broad-area diode laser at 794 nm injected by an external cavity laser,” Opt. Commun. 174, 223–229 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Vedel, M.

T. Pawletko, M. Houssin, M. Knoop, M. Vedel, F. Vedel, “High power broad-area diode laser at 794 nm injected by an external cavity laser,” Opt. Commun. 174, 223–229 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Walker, T. G.

Weller, J. F.

M. K. Chun, L. Goldberg, J. F. Weller, “Injection-beam parameter optimization of an injection-locked diode-laser array,” Opt. Lett. 14, 272–274 (1989).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

L. Goldberg, H. F. Taylor, J. F. Weller, “Injection locking of coupled-stripe diode laser arrays,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 46, 236–238 (1985).
[CrossRef]

Wiesenfeld, K.

Y. Braiman, T. A. B. Kennedy, K. Wiesenfeld, A. Khibnik, “Entrainment of solid-state laser arrays,” Phys. Rev. A 52, 1500–1506 (1995).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

M. Silber, L. Fabiny, K. Wiesenfeld, “Stability results for in-phase and splay-phase states of solid-state laser arrays,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 10, 1121–1129 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Winful, H. G.

Yang, S.

Appl. Opt. (1)

Appl. Phys. B (1)

H. Horiuchi, T. Shimura, T. Omatsu, O. Matoba, K. Kuroda, “Narrow bandwidth operation of high-power broad-area diode laser using cascaded phase-conjugate injection locking,” Appl. Phys. B 68, 1021–1025 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Appl. Phys. Lett. (2)

L. Goldberg, H. F. Taylor, J. F. Weller, “Injection locking of coupled-stripe diode laser arrays,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 46, 236–238 (1985).
[CrossRef]

D. J. Gallant, “Power dependence of the injection lock band of angled-grating distributed feedback lasers,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 76, 3364–3366 (2000).
[CrossRef]

IEEE J. Quantum Electron. (1)

J. M. Liu, T. B. Simpson, “Four-wave mixing and optical modulation in a semiconductor laser,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 30, 957–965 (1994).
[CrossRef]

J. Opt. Soc. Am. B (2)

Opt. Commun. (1)

T. Pawletko, M. Houssin, M. Knoop, M. Vedel, F. Vedel, “High power broad-area diode laser at 794 nm injected by an external cavity laser,” Opt. Commun. 174, 223–229 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Lett. (6)

Phys. Rev. A (1)

Y. Braiman, T. A. B. Kennedy, K. Wiesenfeld, A. Khibnik, “Entrainment of solid-state laser arrays,” Phys. Rev. A 52, 1500–1506 (1995).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Quantum Electron. (1)

V. V. Apollonov, S. I. Derzhavin, V. V. Kuzminov, D. A. Mashkovskii, A. M. Prokhorov, V. N. Timoshkin, V. A. Filonenko, “Phase-locking of a linear array of high-power laser diodes,” Quantum Electron. 29, 839–841 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Other (2)

D. Botez, D. R. Scifres, Diode Laser Arrays (Cambridge U. Press, New York, 1994).
[CrossRef]

N. W. Carlson, Monolithic Diode-Laser Arrays (Springer-Verlag, Berlin, 1994).
[CrossRef]

Cited By

OSA participates in CrossRef's Cited-By Linking service. Citing articles from OSA journals and other participating publishers are listed here.

Alert me when this article is cited.


Figures (5)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

Schematic experimental setup: ALD, array laser diode, MLD, master laser diode, L0, injection beam collimation lens; L1, fast-axis cylindrical lens; L2, slow-axis cylindrical lens; OI, optical isolator; HWP, half-wave plate; ATN, attenuator; BS’s, beam splitters; M’s mirrors. Inset: configuration of the 19-laser array. Injection power is monitored at A.

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

Optical spectrum of lasers (a) LD#4 and (b) LD#7 before (lower traces) and after (upper traces) injection locking. The spectrum after injection locking is vertically shifted for clarity. The lower and upper traces are plotted on the same scale.

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

Interference pattern between light outputs of lasers LD#4 and LD#7 (a) before and (b) after injection locking.

Fig. 4
Fig. 4

Injection-locking range versus injection strength for laser LD#7.

Fig. 5
Fig. 5

Visibility of the interference pattern between two locked lasers (LD#4 and LD#7) as a function of frequency detuning.

Metrics