Abstract

A kind of arc-shaped all-optical waveguide switch is proposed for the first time, to the best of our knowledge, and the switching characteristics of it are investigated by means of the beam propagation method. The effects of saturation and loss on the characteristics of the switch are discussed.

© 2002 Optical Society of America

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References

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  1. G. I. Stegeman, E. M. Wright, N. Finlayson, R. Zanoni, C. T. Seaton, “Third order nonlinear integrated optics,” J. Lightwave Technol. 6, 953–970 (1988).
    [CrossRef]
  2. S. M. Jensen, “The nonlinear coherent coupler,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. QE-18, 1580–1583 (1982).
    [CrossRef]
  3. Y. Silberberg, B. G. Sfez, “All-optical phase- and power-controlled switching in nonlinear waveguide junctions,” Opt. Lett. 13, 1132–1134 (1988).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  4. J. P. Sabini, N. Finlayson, G. I. Stegeman, “All-optical switching in nonlinear X junctions,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 55, 1176–1178 (1989).
    [CrossRef]
  5. G. R. Hadley, “Wide-angle beam propagation using Padé approximant operators,” Opt. Lett. 17, 1426–1428 (1992).
    [CrossRef]
  6. G. R. Hadley, “Transparent boundary condition for the beam propagation method,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 28, 363–370 (1992).
    [CrossRef]
  7. G. I. Stegeman, E. M. Wright, “All-optical waveguide switching,” Opt. Quantum Electron. 22, 95–122 (1990).
    [CrossRef]
  8. D. B. Ostrowsky, R. Reinisch, eds., Guided Wave Nonlinear Optics (Kluwer Academic, Dordrecht, The Netherlands, 1992), pp. 257–284.

1992

G. R. Hadley, “Wide-angle beam propagation using Padé approximant operators,” Opt. Lett. 17, 1426–1428 (1992).
[CrossRef]

G. R. Hadley, “Transparent boundary condition for the beam propagation method,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 28, 363–370 (1992).
[CrossRef]

1990

G. I. Stegeman, E. M. Wright, “All-optical waveguide switching,” Opt. Quantum Electron. 22, 95–122 (1990).
[CrossRef]

1989

J. P. Sabini, N. Finlayson, G. I. Stegeman, “All-optical switching in nonlinear X junctions,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 55, 1176–1178 (1989).
[CrossRef]

1988

Y. Silberberg, B. G. Sfez, “All-optical phase- and power-controlled switching in nonlinear waveguide junctions,” Opt. Lett. 13, 1132–1134 (1988).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

G. I. Stegeman, E. M. Wright, N. Finlayson, R. Zanoni, C. T. Seaton, “Third order nonlinear integrated optics,” J. Lightwave Technol. 6, 953–970 (1988).
[CrossRef]

1982

S. M. Jensen, “The nonlinear coherent coupler,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. QE-18, 1580–1583 (1982).
[CrossRef]

Finlayson, N.

J. P. Sabini, N. Finlayson, G. I. Stegeman, “All-optical switching in nonlinear X junctions,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 55, 1176–1178 (1989).
[CrossRef]

G. I. Stegeman, E. M. Wright, N. Finlayson, R. Zanoni, C. T. Seaton, “Third order nonlinear integrated optics,” J. Lightwave Technol. 6, 953–970 (1988).
[CrossRef]

Hadley, G. R.

G. R. Hadley, “Wide-angle beam propagation using Padé approximant operators,” Opt. Lett. 17, 1426–1428 (1992).
[CrossRef]

G. R. Hadley, “Transparent boundary condition for the beam propagation method,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 28, 363–370 (1992).
[CrossRef]

Jensen, S. M.

S. M. Jensen, “The nonlinear coherent coupler,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. QE-18, 1580–1583 (1982).
[CrossRef]

Sabini, J. P.

J. P. Sabini, N. Finlayson, G. I. Stegeman, “All-optical switching in nonlinear X junctions,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 55, 1176–1178 (1989).
[CrossRef]

Seaton, C. T.

G. I. Stegeman, E. M. Wright, N. Finlayson, R. Zanoni, C. T. Seaton, “Third order nonlinear integrated optics,” J. Lightwave Technol. 6, 953–970 (1988).
[CrossRef]

Sfez, B. G.

Silberberg, Y.

Stegeman, G. I.

G. I. Stegeman, E. M. Wright, “All-optical waveguide switching,” Opt. Quantum Electron. 22, 95–122 (1990).
[CrossRef]

J. P. Sabini, N. Finlayson, G. I. Stegeman, “All-optical switching in nonlinear X junctions,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 55, 1176–1178 (1989).
[CrossRef]

G. I. Stegeman, E. M. Wright, N. Finlayson, R. Zanoni, C. T. Seaton, “Third order nonlinear integrated optics,” J. Lightwave Technol. 6, 953–970 (1988).
[CrossRef]

Wright, E. M.

G. I. Stegeman, E. M. Wright, “All-optical waveguide switching,” Opt. Quantum Electron. 22, 95–122 (1990).
[CrossRef]

G. I. Stegeman, E. M. Wright, N. Finlayson, R. Zanoni, C. T. Seaton, “Third order nonlinear integrated optics,” J. Lightwave Technol. 6, 953–970 (1988).
[CrossRef]

Zanoni, R.

G. I. Stegeman, E. M. Wright, N. Finlayson, R. Zanoni, C. T. Seaton, “Third order nonlinear integrated optics,” J. Lightwave Technol. 6, 953–970 (1988).
[CrossRef]

Appl. Phys. Lett.

J. P. Sabini, N. Finlayson, G. I. Stegeman, “All-optical switching in nonlinear X junctions,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 55, 1176–1178 (1989).
[CrossRef]

IEEE J. Quantum Electron.

S. M. Jensen, “The nonlinear coherent coupler,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. QE-18, 1580–1583 (1982).
[CrossRef]

G. R. Hadley, “Transparent boundary condition for the beam propagation method,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 28, 363–370 (1992).
[CrossRef]

J. Lightwave Technol.

G. I. Stegeman, E. M. Wright, N. Finlayson, R. Zanoni, C. T. Seaton, “Third order nonlinear integrated optics,” J. Lightwave Technol. 6, 953–970 (1988).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Lett.

Opt. Quantum Electron.

G. I. Stegeman, E. M. Wright, “All-optical waveguide switching,” Opt. Quantum Electron. 22, 95–122 (1990).
[CrossRef]

Other

D. B. Ostrowsky, R. Reinisch, eds., Guided Wave Nonlinear Optics (Kluwer Academic, Dordrecht, The Netherlands, 1992), pp. 257–284.

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Figures (6)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

Sketch of the arc-shaped waveguide switch.

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

Field evolution along the propagation direction in the ASWS (a) for normalized input power of 16 kW/m and (b) for normalized input power of 25.5 kW/m.

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

Switching characteristics of the ASWS on ideal material.

Fig. 4
Fig. 4

Effect of saturation on the switching characteristics of the ASWS.

Fig. 5
Fig. 5

Effect of loss on the switching characteristics of the ASWS.

Fig. 6
Fig. 6

Cumulative effects of the saturation and the loss on the switching characteristics of the ASWS.

Equations (3)

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nnlx, z=nx, z+n2Ix, z-Δz,
n2x=n02+2n0Δn cosh-22|x-x0|H,
Δnnlx, z=Δnsatnl1-exp-n2Ix, z-ΔzΔnsatnl,

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