Abstract

We present an all-optical three-dimensional integral imaging projector. An optically addressed spatial-light modulator is used, which potentially provides better image resolution than the conventional CCD and liquid-crystal display pair. We present experimental results using a liquid-crystal light valve.

© 2002 Optical Society of America

Full Article  |  PDF Article

References

  • View by:
  • |
  • |
  • |

  1. G. Lippmann, “La photographie integrale,” C. R. Acad. Sci. 146, 446–451 (1908).
  2. F. Okano, H. Hoshino, J. Arai, I. Yuma, “Real-time pickup method for a three-dimensional image based on integral photography,” Appl. Opt. 36, 1598–1603 (1997).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  3. F. Okano, H. Hoshino, J. Arai, I. Yuma, “Three-dimensional video system based on integral photography,” Opt. Eng. 38, 1072–1077 (1999).
    [CrossRef]
  4. H. Arimoto, B. Javidi, “Integral three-dimensional imaging with digital reconstruction,” Opt. Lett. 26, 157–159 (2001).
    [CrossRef]
  5. N. Davies, M. McCormick, M. Brewin, “Design and analysis of an image transfer system using microlens arrays,” Opt. Eng. 33, 3624–3633 (1994).
    [CrossRef]
  6. J. Arai, F. Okano, H. Hoshino, I. Yuma, “Gradient-index lens-array method based on real-time integral photography for three-dimensional images,” Appl. Opt. 37, 2034–2045 (1998).
    [CrossRef]
  7. H. Hoshino, F. Okano, H. Isono, I. Yuyama, “Analysis of resolution limitation of integral photography,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. A 15, 2059–2065 (1998).
    [CrossRef]
  8. C. B. Burckhardt, “Optimum parameters and resolution limitation of integral photography,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. 58, 71–76 (1968).
    [CrossRef]
  9. T. Okoshi, “Optimum design and depth resolution of lens-sheet and projection-type three-dimensional displays,” Appl. Opt. 10, 2284–2291 (1971).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  10. J.-H. Park, S.-W. Min, S. Jung, B. Lee, “Analysis of viewing parameters for two display methods based on integral photography,” Appl. Opt. 40, 5217–5232 (2001).
    [CrossRef]
  11. J.-S. Jang, B. Javidi, “Improved viewing resolution of three-dimensional integral imaging with non-stationary micro-optics,” Opt. Lett. 27, 324–326 (2002).
    [CrossRef]
  12. B. Javidi, F. Okano, eds., Three-Dimensional Television, Video, and Display Technology (Springer-Verlag, Berlin, 2002).
  13. W. P. Bleha, L. T. Lipton, E. Wiener-Avnear, J. Grinberg, P. G. Reif, D. Casasent, H. B. Brown, B. V. Markevitch, “Application of the liquid crystal light valve to real-time optical data processing,” Opt. Eng. 17, 371–384 (1978).
    [CrossRef]

2002 (1)

2001 (2)

1999 (1)

F. Okano, H. Hoshino, J. Arai, I. Yuma, “Three-dimensional video system based on integral photography,” Opt. Eng. 38, 1072–1077 (1999).
[CrossRef]

1998 (2)

1997 (1)

1994 (1)

N. Davies, M. McCormick, M. Brewin, “Design and analysis of an image transfer system using microlens arrays,” Opt. Eng. 33, 3624–3633 (1994).
[CrossRef]

1978 (1)

W. P. Bleha, L. T. Lipton, E. Wiener-Avnear, J. Grinberg, P. G. Reif, D. Casasent, H. B. Brown, B. V. Markevitch, “Application of the liquid crystal light valve to real-time optical data processing,” Opt. Eng. 17, 371–384 (1978).
[CrossRef]

1971 (1)

1968 (1)

1908 (1)

G. Lippmann, “La photographie integrale,” C. R. Acad. Sci. 146, 446–451 (1908).

Arai, J.

Arimoto, H.

Bleha, W. P.

W. P. Bleha, L. T. Lipton, E. Wiener-Avnear, J. Grinberg, P. G. Reif, D. Casasent, H. B. Brown, B. V. Markevitch, “Application of the liquid crystal light valve to real-time optical data processing,” Opt. Eng. 17, 371–384 (1978).
[CrossRef]

Brewin, M.

N. Davies, M. McCormick, M. Brewin, “Design and analysis of an image transfer system using microlens arrays,” Opt. Eng. 33, 3624–3633 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Brown, H. B.

W. P. Bleha, L. T. Lipton, E. Wiener-Avnear, J. Grinberg, P. G. Reif, D. Casasent, H. B. Brown, B. V. Markevitch, “Application of the liquid crystal light valve to real-time optical data processing,” Opt. Eng. 17, 371–384 (1978).
[CrossRef]

Burckhardt, C. B.

Casasent, D.

W. P. Bleha, L. T. Lipton, E. Wiener-Avnear, J. Grinberg, P. G. Reif, D. Casasent, H. B. Brown, B. V. Markevitch, “Application of the liquid crystal light valve to real-time optical data processing,” Opt. Eng. 17, 371–384 (1978).
[CrossRef]

Davies, N.

N. Davies, M. McCormick, M. Brewin, “Design and analysis of an image transfer system using microlens arrays,” Opt. Eng. 33, 3624–3633 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Grinberg, J.

W. P. Bleha, L. T. Lipton, E. Wiener-Avnear, J. Grinberg, P. G. Reif, D. Casasent, H. B. Brown, B. V. Markevitch, “Application of the liquid crystal light valve to real-time optical data processing,” Opt. Eng. 17, 371–384 (1978).
[CrossRef]

Hoshino, H.

Isono, H.

Jang, J.-S.

Javidi, B.

Jung, S.

Lee, B.

Lippmann, G.

G. Lippmann, “La photographie integrale,” C. R. Acad. Sci. 146, 446–451 (1908).

Lipton, L. T.

W. P. Bleha, L. T. Lipton, E. Wiener-Avnear, J. Grinberg, P. G. Reif, D. Casasent, H. B. Brown, B. V. Markevitch, “Application of the liquid crystal light valve to real-time optical data processing,” Opt. Eng. 17, 371–384 (1978).
[CrossRef]

Markevitch, B. V.

W. P. Bleha, L. T. Lipton, E. Wiener-Avnear, J. Grinberg, P. G. Reif, D. Casasent, H. B. Brown, B. V. Markevitch, “Application of the liquid crystal light valve to real-time optical data processing,” Opt. Eng. 17, 371–384 (1978).
[CrossRef]

McCormick, M.

N. Davies, M. McCormick, M. Brewin, “Design and analysis of an image transfer system using microlens arrays,” Opt. Eng. 33, 3624–3633 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Min, S.-W.

Okano, F.

Okoshi, T.

Park, J.-H.

Reif, P. G.

W. P. Bleha, L. T. Lipton, E. Wiener-Avnear, J. Grinberg, P. G. Reif, D. Casasent, H. B. Brown, B. V. Markevitch, “Application of the liquid crystal light valve to real-time optical data processing,” Opt. Eng. 17, 371–384 (1978).
[CrossRef]

Wiener-Avnear, E.

W. P. Bleha, L. T. Lipton, E. Wiener-Avnear, J. Grinberg, P. G. Reif, D. Casasent, H. B. Brown, B. V. Markevitch, “Application of the liquid crystal light valve to real-time optical data processing,” Opt. Eng. 17, 371–384 (1978).
[CrossRef]

Yuma, I.

Yuyama, I.

Appl. Opt. (4)

C. R. Acad. Sci. (1)

G. Lippmann, “La photographie integrale,” C. R. Acad. Sci. 146, 446–451 (1908).

J. Opt. Soc. Am. (1)

J. Opt. Soc. Am. A (1)

Opt. Eng. (3)

W. P. Bleha, L. T. Lipton, E. Wiener-Avnear, J. Grinberg, P. G. Reif, D. Casasent, H. B. Brown, B. V. Markevitch, “Application of the liquid crystal light valve to real-time optical data processing,” Opt. Eng. 17, 371–384 (1978).
[CrossRef]

F. Okano, H. Hoshino, J. Arai, I. Yuma, “Three-dimensional video system based on integral photography,” Opt. Eng. 38, 1072–1077 (1999).
[CrossRef]

N. Davies, M. McCormick, M. Brewin, “Design and analysis of an image transfer system using microlens arrays,” Opt. Eng. 33, 3624–3633 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Lett. (2)

Other (1)

B. Javidi, F. Okano, eds., Three-Dimensional Television, Video, and Display Technology (Springer-Verlag, Berlin, 2002).

Cited By

OSA participates in CrossRef's Cited-By Linking service. Citing articles from OSA journals and other participating publishers are listed here.

Alert me when this article is cited.


Figures (4)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

Direct pickup and display for integral imaging.

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

All-optical 3-D integral imaging projector.

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

(a) 3-D objects used in the experiments. (b) Elemental images read-out from the LCLV.

Fig. 4
Fig. 4

Experimental results for 3-D image reconstruction. (a), (c), and (e) are the images captured when the CCD camera is on the optical axis. (b), (d), and (f) are 3-D images captured when the camera is off the axis. (a) and (b) 3-D images captured when the iris pupil diameter of the CCD camera lens was reduced to 10 mm. (c) and (d) 3-D images captured when the iris was maximally opened. In this case, its pupil diameter was about 42 mm. (e) and (f) 3-D images captured when the CCD pupil diameter was reduced to 10 mm and lenslet arrays are set in motion.

Metrics