Abstract

Based on phonon relaxation, a 12-at. % neodymium-doped YAG (Y3Al5O12) crystal fiber tip has been developed for photothermal conversion. The near-cylindrical tip, with an average diameter of 0.68 mm and a length of 1.8 mm, is fabricated on a 0.65-mm-thick 220-mm-long pure YAG single-crystal fiber by laser-heated growth. Pumped by an 810-nm wavelength diode laser with a pump power of less than 2 W, the temperatures of the tip reach 725 °C in air, 78 °C in egg white, and 79 °C in porcine liver, with acceptable reproducibilities and thermal response times. The photothermal conversion efficiency of the doped tip is approximately 89%, and the high stability of the tip is also proved. Experimental results show that the doped fiber tip is promising for laser thermotherapy applications.

© 2002 Optical Society of America

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