Abstract

The zero-dispersion wavelength map of an optical fiber can be obtained from measurement of end-to-end four-wave mixing efficiency at various wavelengths. A fast and unambiguous algorithm for reconstruction of the zero-dispersion wavelength map of an optical fiber by measurement of four-wave mixing efficiency is proposed. This method can produce high-resolution results in a few seconds. We also study the limitations of this technique that are due to polarization-mode dispersion (PMD). Simple practical rules to avoid the effects of PMD in such measurements are established.

© 2002 Optical Society of America

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    [CrossRef]
  4. M. Eiselt, R. M. Jopson, R. H. Stolen, “Nondestructive position-resolved measurement of the zero-dispersion wavelength in an optical fiber,” J. Lightwave Technol. 15, 135–143 (1997).
    [CrossRef]
  5. J. B. Schlager, “Zero-dispersion in optical fibers from cw four-wave mixing efficiency,” in LEOS ’98 (Institute of Electrical and Electronic Engineers, Orlando, Fla., 1998), Vol. 2, pp. 309–331.
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    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef]

1999

1998

1997

M. Eiselt, R. M. Jopson, R. H. Stolen, “Nondestructive position-resolved measurement of the zero-dispersion wavelength in an optical fiber,” J. Lightwave Technol. 15, 135–143 (1997).
[CrossRef]

1996

1995

S. Nishi, M. Saruwatari, “Technique for measuring the distributed zero dispersion wavelength of optical fibers using pulse amplification caused by modulation instability,” Electron. Lett. 31, 225–226 (1995).
[CrossRef]

1994

H. Onaka, K. Otsuka, H. Miyata, T. Chikama, “Measuring the longitudinal distribution of four-wave mixing efficiency in dispersion-shifted fibers,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 6, 1454–1456 (1994).
[CrossRef]

1992

K. Inoue, “Four-wave mixing in an optical fiber in the zero-dispersion wavelength region,” J. Lightwave Technol. 10, 1553–1561 (1992).
[CrossRef]

1986

M. Nieto-Vesperinas, J. A. Mendez, “Phase retrieval by Monte Carlo methods,” Opt. Commun. 59, 249–254 (1986).
[CrossRef]

1978

Allen, C. T.

Brener, I.

Brentel, J.

Chikama, T.

H. Onaka, K. Otsuka, H. Miyata, T. Chikama, “Measuring the longitudinal distribution of four-wave mixing efficiency in dispersion-shifted fibers,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 6, 1454–1456 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Corredera, P.

M. L. Hernanz, M. Gonzalez-Herraez, P. Corredera, “Zero-dispersion wavelength mapping in single-mode optical fibers using cw four-wave mixing,” in 6th Optical Fibre Measurement Conference (OFMC ’01) Proceedings (National Physical Laboratory, Teddington, Middlesex, UK, 2001), pp. 225–229.

M. L. Hernanz, P. Corredera, M. Gonzalez-Herraez, “Selection of uniform fibers as standards for chromatic dispersion using cw four-wave mixing,” in 6th Optical Fibre Measurement Conference (OFMC ’01) Proceedings (National Physical Laboratory, Teddington, Middlesex, UK, 2001), pp. 235–239.

Demarest, K. R.

Eiselt, M.

M. Eiselt, R. M. Jopson, R. H. Stolen, “Nondestructive position-resolved measurement of the zero-dispersion wavelength in an optical fiber,” J. Lightwave Technol. 15, 135–143 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Fienup, J. R.

Gonzalez-Herraez, M.

M. L. Hernanz, M. Gonzalez-Herraez, P. Corredera, “Zero-dispersion wavelength mapping in single-mode optical fibers using cw four-wave mixing,” in 6th Optical Fibre Measurement Conference (OFMC ’01) Proceedings (National Physical Laboratory, Teddington, Middlesex, UK, 2001), pp. 225–229.

M. L. Hernanz, P. Corredera, M. Gonzalez-Herraez, “Selection of uniform fibers as standards for chromatic dispersion using cw four-wave mixing,” in 6th Optical Fibre Measurement Conference (OFMC ’01) Proceedings (National Physical Laboratory, Teddington, Middlesex, UK, 2001), pp. 235–239.

Hernanz, M. L.

M. L. Hernanz, P. Corredera, M. Gonzalez-Herraez, “Selection of uniform fibers as standards for chromatic dispersion using cw four-wave mixing,” in 6th Optical Fibre Measurement Conference (OFMC ’01) Proceedings (National Physical Laboratory, Teddington, Middlesex, UK, 2001), pp. 235–239.

M. L. Hernanz, M. Gonzalez-Herraez, P. Corredera, “Zero-dispersion wavelength mapping in single-mode optical fibers using cw four-wave mixing,” in 6th Optical Fibre Measurement Conference (OFMC ’01) Proceedings (National Physical Laboratory, Teddington, Middlesex, UK, 2001), pp. 225–229.

Hui, R.

Inoue, K.

K. Inoue, “Four-wave mixing in an optical fiber in the zero-dispersion wavelength region,” J. Lightwave Technol. 10, 1553–1561 (1992).
[CrossRef]

Jopson, R. M.

M. Eiselt, R. M. Jopson, R. H. Stolen, “Nondestructive position-resolved measurement of the zero-dispersion wavelength in an optical fiber,” J. Lightwave Technol. 15, 135–143 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Karlsson, M.

Lee, D. D.

Mamyshev, P. V.

Mendez, J. A.

M. Nieto-Vesperinas, J. A. Mendez, “Phase retrieval by Monte Carlo methods,” Opt. Commun. 59, 249–254 (1986).
[CrossRef]

Mitra, P. P.

Miyata, H.

H. Onaka, K. Otsuka, H. Miyata, T. Chikama, “Measuring the longitudinal distribution of four-wave mixing efficiency in dispersion-shifted fibers,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 6, 1454–1456 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Mollenauer, L. F.

Neubelt, M. J.

Nieto-Vesperinas, M.

M. Nieto-Vesperinas, J. A. Mendez, “Phase retrieval by Monte Carlo methods,” Opt. Commun. 59, 249–254 (1986).
[CrossRef]

Nishi, S.

S. Nishi, M. Saruwatari, “Technique for measuring the distributed zero dispersion wavelength of optical fibers using pulse amplification caused by modulation instability,” Electron. Lett. 31, 225–226 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Onaka, H.

H. Onaka, K. Otsuka, H. Miyata, T. Chikama, “Measuring the longitudinal distribution of four-wave mixing efficiency in dispersion-shifted fibers,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 6, 1454–1456 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Otsuka, K.

H. Onaka, K. Otsuka, H. Miyata, T. Chikama, “Measuring the longitudinal distribution of four-wave mixing efficiency in dispersion-shifted fibers,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 6, 1454–1456 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Philen, D. L.

Saruwatari, M.

S. Nishi, M. Saruwatari, “Technique for measuring the distributed zero dispersion wavelength of optical fibers using pulse amplification caused by modulation instability,” Electron. Lett. 31, 225–226 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Schlager, J. B.

J. B. Schlager, “Zero-dispersion in optical fibers from cw four-wave mixing efficiency,” in LEOS ’98 (Institute of Electrical and Electronic Engineers, Orlando, Fla., 1998), Vol. 2, pp. 309–331.

Song, S.

Stolen, R. H.

M. Eiselt, R. M. Jopson, R. H. Stolen, “Nondestructive position-resolved measurement of the zero-dispersion wavelength in an optical fiber,” J. Lightwave Technol. 15, 135–143 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Thomson, D. J.

Electron. Lett.

S. Nishi, M. Saruwatari, “Technique for measuring the distributed zero dispersion wavelength of optical fibers using pulse amplification caused by modulation instability,” Electron. Lett. 31, 225–226 (1995).
[CrossRef]

IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett.

H. Onaka, K. Otsuka, H. Miyata, T. Chikama, “Measuring the longitudinal distribution of four-wave mixing efficiency in dispersion-shifted fibers,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 6, 1454–1456 (1994).
[CrossRef]

J. Lightwave Technol.

K. Inoue, “Four-wave mixing in an optical fiber in the zero-dispersion wavelength region,” J. Lightwave Technol. 10, 1553–1561 (1992).
[CrossRef]

S. Song, C. T. Allen, K. R. Demarest, R. Hui, “Intensity-dependent phase-matching effects on four-wave mixing in optical fibers,” J. Lightwave Technol. 17, 2285–2290 (1999).
[CrossRef]

M. Eiselt, R. M. Jopson, R. H. Stolen, “Nondestructive position-resolved measurement of the zero-dispersion wavelength in an optical fiber,” J. Lightwave Technol. 15, 135–143 (1997).
[CrossRef]

J. Opt. Soc. Am. B

Opt. Commun.

M. Nieto-Vesperinas, J. A. Mendez, “Phase retrieval by Monte Carlo methods,” Opt. Commun. 59, 249–254 (1986).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Lett.

Other

J. B. Schlager, “Zero-dispersion in optical fibers from cw four-wave mixing efficiency,” in LEOS ’98 (Institute of Electrical and Electronic Engineers, Orlando, Fla., 1998), Vol. 2, pp. 309–331.

M. L. Hernanz, M. Gonzalez-Herraez, P. Corredera, “Zero-dispersion wavelength mapping in single-mode optical fibers using cw four-wave mixing,” in 6th Optical Fibre Measurement Conference (OFMC ’01) Proceedings (National Physical Laboratory, Teddington, Middlesex, UK, 2001), pp. 225–229.

M. L. Hernanz, P. Corredera, M. Gonzalez-Herraez, “Selection of uniform fibers as standards for chromatic dispersion using cw four-wave mixing,” in 6th Optical Fibre Measurement Conference (OFMC ’01) Proceedings (National Physical Laboratory, Teddington, Middlesex, UK, 2001), pp. 235–239.

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